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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630629/the-cedar-study-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-clinical-effects-of-conventional-dmards-and-biologic-dmards-in-australian-rheumatology-practice
#1
Lynden Roberts, Kathleen Tymms, Julien de Jager, Geoffrey Littlejohn, Hedley Griffiths, Dave Nicholls, Paul Bird, Jennifer Young, Julie Hill, Jane Zochling
OBJECTIVES: To observe the choices of conventional disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (cDMARDs) and biologic DMARDs (bDMARDs) in the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Australian routine clinical practice, to assess treatment survival and determine the effect of cDMARDs/bDMARDs on disease activity. METHODS: Routinely collected, deidentified clinical data was sourced from 20 Australian rheumatology practices. RA patients aged ≥18 years, who had received cDMARDs/bDMARDs and a recorded subsequent visit, were included...
2017: International Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630578/are-change-of-direction-speed-and-reactive-agility-useful-for-determining-the-optimal-field-position-for-young-soccer-players
#2
Giovanni Fiorilli, Enzo Iuliano, Michalis Mitrotasios, Eugenio M Pistone, Giovanna Aquino, Giuseppe Calcagno, Alessandra di Cagno
Change Of Direction Speed (CODS) and Reactive Agility (RA) are two determining factors in the ability of young soccer players. We aimed to verify if CODS and RA could be useful in order to establish the best young soccer player field position. Ninety-two elite soccer players (15.18 ± 1.21 years, weight 59.18 ± 9.93, height 1.72 ± 0.08, BMI 19.76 ± 2.22), belonging to two youth categories from the Italian First and Second Divisions, volunteered in this study. The participants included 32 defenders (15.06 ± 0...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624855/ct-arthrography-visualizes-tissue-growth-of-osteochondral-defects-of-the-talus-after-microfracture
#3
Hong-Geun Jung, Na-Ra Kim, Ji-Young Jeon, Dong-Oh Lee, Jun-Sang Eom, Jong-Soo Lee, Sung-Wook Kim
PURPOSE: Little is known about the arthroscopic or radiographic outcomes after arthroscopic microfracture of osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs). The purpose of this study was to investigate tissue growth after arthroscopic microfracture of OLTs using computed tomography arthrography (CTA) and to identify the relationship between CTA findings and clinical outcomes. We hypothesized that the morphology of the repaired tissue would be similar to that of normal anatomy and correlate with the clinical outcomes...
June 17, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616734/di-2-pyridylketone-4-4-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone-dp44mt-an-anticancer-agent-exerts-an-anti-inflammatory-effect-in-activated-human-mast-cells
#4
Sun-Young Nam, Na-Ra Han, Kyoung Wan Yoon, Hyung-Min Kim, Hyun-Ja Jeong
OBJECTIVE: Inflammation has been closely associated with the development and progression of cancer. Previously, we reported that mast cells play a critical role in tumor growth. The purpose of this study is to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of an anticancer agent, di-2-pyridylketone 4,4-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (Dp44mT), on an activated human mast cell line, in this case HMC-1 cells. METHODS: We evaluated the effect and specific molecular mechanism of Dp44mT on phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and calcium ionophore A23187 (PMACI) using HMC-1 cells...
June 14, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612179/efficacy-safety-and-pharmacokinetics-of-up-to-two-courses-of-the-rituximab-biosimilar-ct-p10-versus-innovator-rituximab-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-up-to-week-72-of-a-phase-i-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Dae Hyun Yoo, Chang-Hee Suh, Seung Cheol Shim, Slawomir Jeka, Francisco Fidencio Cons Molina, Pawel Hrycaj, Piotr Wiland, Eun Young Lee, Francisco G Medina-Rodriguez, Pavel Shesternya, Sebastiao Radominski, Marina Stanislav, Volodymyr Kovalenko, Dong Hyuk Sheen, Leysan Myasoutova, Mie Jin Lim, Jung-Yoon Choe, Sang Joon Lee, Sung Young Lee, Sung Hwan Kim, Won Park
BACKGROUND: CT-P10 is a biosimilar of innovator rituximab (RTX), a biological therapy used to treat patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who have responded inadequately to anti-tumor necrosis factor agents. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare the clinical profile of CT-P10 versus RTX in patients with RA who received up to two courses of treatment and were followed for up to 72 weeks. METHODS: In this multicenter double-blind phase I study, patients were randomized 2:1 to receive CT-P10 1000 mg or RTX 1000 mg at weeks 0 and 2...
June 13, 2017: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609654/intertumoral-heterogeneity-within-medulloblastoma-subgroups
#6
Florence M G Cavalli, Marc Remke, Ladislav Rampasek, John Peacock, David J H Shih, Betty Luu, Livia Garzia, Jonathon Torchia, Carolina Nor, A Sorana Morrissy, Sameer Agnihotri, Yuan Yao Thompson, Claudia M Kuzan-Fischer, Hamza Farooq, Keren Isaev, Craig Daniels, Byung-Kyu Cho, Seung-Ki Kim, Kyu-Chang Wang, Ji Yeoun Lee, Wieslawa A Grajkowska, Marta Perek-Polnik, Alexandre Vasiljevic, Cecile Faure-Conter, Anne Jouvet, Caterina Giannini, Amulya A Nageswara Rao, Kay Ka Wai Li, Ho-Keung Ng, Charles G Eberhart, Ian F Pollack, Ronald L Hamilton, G Yancey Gillespie, James M Olson, Sarah Leary, William A Weiss, Boleslaw Lach, Lola B Chambless, Reid C Thompson, Michael K Cooper, Rajeev Vibhakar, Peter Hauser, Marie-Lise C van Veelen, Johan M Kros, Pim J French, Young Shin Ra, Toshihiro Kumabe, Enrique López-Aguilar, Karel Zitterbart, Jaroslav Sterba, Gaetano Finocchiaro, Maura Massimino, Erwin G Van Meir, Satoru Osuka, Tomoko Shofuda, Almos Klekner, Massimo Zollo, Jeffrey R Leonard, Joshua B Rubin, Nada Jabado, Steffen Albrecht, Jaume Mora, Timothy E Van Meter, Shin Jung, Andrew S Moore, Andrew R Hallahan, Jennifer A Chan, Daniela P C Tirapelli, Carlos G Carlotti, Maryam Fouladi, José Pimentel, Claudia C Faria, Ali G Saad, Luca Massimi, Linda M Liau, Helen Wheeler, Hideo Nakamura, Samer K Elbabaa, Mario Perezpeña-Diazconti, Fernando Chico Ponce de León, Shenandoah Robinson, Michal Zapotocky, Alvaro Lassaletta, Annie Huang, Cynthia E Hawkins, Uri Tabori, Eric Bouffet, Ute Bartels, Peter B Dirks, James T Rutka, Gary D Bader, Jüri Reimand, Anna Goldenberg, Vijay Ramaswamy, Michael D Taylor
While molecular subgrouping has revolutionized medulloblastoma classification, the extent of heterogeneity within subgroups is unknown. Similarity network fusion (SNF) applied to genome-wide DNA methylation and gene expression data across 763 primary samples identifies very homogeneous clusters of patients, supporting the presence of medulloblastoma subtypes. After integration of somatic copy-number alterations, and clinical features specific to each cluster, we identify 12 different subtypes of medulloblastoma...
June 12, 2017: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600696/efficacy-and-safety-of-switching-from-innovator-rituximab-to-biosimilar-ct-p10-compared-with-continued-treatment-with-ct-p10-results-of-a-56-week-open-label-study-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Won Park, Chang-Hee Suh, Seung Cheol Shim, Francisco Fidencio Cons Molina, Slawomir Jeka, Francisco G Medina-Rodriguez, Pawel Hrycaj, Piotr Wiland, Eun Young Lee, Pavel Shesternya, Volodymyr Kovalenko, Leysan Myasoutova, Marina Stanislav, Sebastiao Radominski, Mie Jin Lim, Jung-Yoon Choe, Sang Joon Lee, Sung Young Lee, Sung Hwan Kim, Dae Hyun Yoo
BACKGROUND: CT-P10 is a biosimilar candidate of innovator rituximab (RTX) that demonstrated a comparable clinical profile to RTX in a phase I randomized controlled trial (RCT) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01534884). OBJECTIVE: This open-label extension (OLE) study (NCT01873443) compared the efficacy and safety of CT-P10 in patients with RA who received CT-P10 from the outset (i.e., from the start of the RCT and also in the OLE; 'maintenance group') with those who received RTX during the RCT and switched to CT-P10 during the OLE ('switch group')...
June 9, 2017: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592967/nomogram-prediction-of-anastomotic-leakage-and-determination-of-an-effective-surgical-strategy-for-reducing-anastomotic-leakage-after-laparoscopic-rectal-cancer-surgery
#8
Chang Hyun Kim, Soo Young Lee, Hyeong Rok Kim, Young Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: Although many surgical strategies have been used to reduce the anastomotic leak (AL) rate after laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery, limited data are available on the risk factors for AL and the effective strategy to reduce AL. METHODS: The present study enrolled 736 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic resection without a diverting stoma for rectal adenocarcinoma. A nomogram was constructed to predict AL. Based on the nomogram, personalized risk was calculated and sequential surgical strategies were monitored using risk-adjusted cumulative sum (RA-CUSUM) analysis...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562541/preoperative-flap-site-injection-with-ropivacaine-and-epinephrine-in-baba-robotic-and-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-safely-reduces-postoperative-pain-a-consort-compliant-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-study-pain-brekor-trial
#9
Joon-Hyop Lee, Yong Joon Suh, Ra-Yeong Song, Jin Wook Yi, Hyeong Won Yu, Hyungju Kwon, June Young Choi, Kyu Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials on bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) thyroidectomy show that levobupivacaine and ropivacaine significantly reduce postoperative pain, but they focused on BABA robotic thyroidectomy only and did not identify specific sites of significant pain relief. Our objective was to assess the pain reduction at various sites and safety of ropivacaine-epinephrine flap injection in BABA thyroidectomy. METHODS: This prospective double-blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted in compliance with the revised CONSORT statement (ClinicalTrials...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550592/certolizumab-pegol-for-treating-rheumatoid-arthritis-following-inadequate-response-to-a-tnf-%C3%AE-inhibitor-an-evidence-review-group-perspective-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#10
REVIEW
Iñigo Bermejo, Matt Stevenson, Rachel Archer, John W Stevens, Edward Goka, Mark Clowes, David L Scott, Adam Young
As part of its single technology appraisal (STA) process, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited the manufacturer (UCB Pharma) of certolizumab pegol (CZP; Cimzia(®)) to submit evidence of its clinical and cost effectiveness for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) following inadequate response to a tumour necrosis factor-α inhibitor (TNFi). The School of Health and Related Research Technology Appraisal Group at the University of Sheffield was commissioned to act as the independent Evidence Review Group (ERG)...
May 26, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548927/the-impact-of-delayed-commencement-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-eight-or-more-weeks-on-survival-in-stage-ii-and-iii-colon-cancer-a-national-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Young Wan Kim, Eun Hee Choi, Bo Ra Kim, Woo-Ah Ko, Yeong-Mee Do, Ik Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: To examine the impact of chemotherapy delay on survival in patients with stage II or III colon cancer and the factors associated with the delay (≥8 weeks) of adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: Patients undergoing curative resection and adjuvant chemotherapy in a national population-based cohort were included. RESULTS: Among 5355 patients, 154 (2.9%) received chemotherapy more than 8 weeks after surgery. Based on a multivariate analysis, the risk factors associated with chemotherapy delay ≥8 weeks were older age [65 to 74 years (hazard ratio [HR]=1...
May 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544261/mechanical-properties-structure-bioadhesion-and-biocompatibility-of-pectin-hydrogels
#12
Pavel A Markov, Nikita S Krachkovsky, Eugene A Durnev, Ekaterina A Martinson, Sergey G Litvinets, Sergey V Popov
The surface structure, biocompatibility, textural, and adhesive properties of calcium hydrogels derived from 1, 2, and 4% solutions of apple pectin were examined in this study. An increase in the pectin concentration in hydrogels was shown to improve their stability toward elastic and plastic deformation. The elasticity of pectin hydrogels, measured as Young's modulus, ranged from 6 to 100 kPa. The mechanical properties of the pectin hydrogels were shown to correspond to those of soft tissues. The characterization of surface roughness in terms of the roughness profile (Ra) and the root-mean-square deviation of the roughness profile (Rq) indicated an increased roughness profile for hydrogels depending on their pectin concentration...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543352/effect-of-albiglutide-on-cholecystokinin-induced-gallbladder-emptying-in-healthy-individuals-a-randomized-crossover-study
#13
Bonnie C Shaddinger, Malcolm A Young, Julia Billiard, David A Collins, Azra Hussaini, Antonio Nino
The glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists (RAs) exenatide and lixisenatide reduce cholecystokinin (CCK)-induced gallbladder emptying in healthy subjects. It is unknown if all GLP-1 RAs share this effect; therefore, the effect of the GLP-1 RA albiglutide on gallbladder function was assessed. In this randomized, double-blind, 2-way crossover study, a single dose of subcutaneous albiglutide 50 mg or placebo was administered to 17 healthy subjects, and CCK-induced gallbladder contractility was measured by ultrasonography...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542289/structural-parameters-associated-with-location-of-peaks-of-peripapillary-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-in-young-healthy-eyes
#14
Takehiro Yamashita, Ryo Asaoka, Yuya Kii, Hiroto Terasaki, Hiroshi Murata, Taiji Sakamoto
The location of the peaks of the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) thickness is affected by several ocular parameters. In this study, we have generated equations that can determine the peaks of the cpRNFL. This study was a prospective, observational, cross sectional study of 118 healthy right eyes. The axial length, optic disc tilt, superiortemporal (ST)- and inferiortemporal (IT)-peaks of the cpRNFL thickness, and angles of the ST and IT retinal arteries (RA) and veins (RV) were determined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539269/ursodeoxycholic-acid-attenuates-experimental-autoimmune-arthritis-by-targeting-th17-and-inducing-pampk-and-transcriptional-corepressor-smile
#15
Eun-Jung Lee, Jeong-Eun Kwon, Min-Jung Park, Kyung-Ah Jung, Da-Som Kim, Eun-Kyung Kim, Seung Hoon Lee, Jong Young Choi, Sung-Hwan Park, Mi-La Cho
BACKGROUND: Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has been known that UDCA has prominent effects on liver, however, there is little known about its influence on autoimmune disease. Here, the benefit of UDCA on arthritis rheumatoid (RA) in vivo was tested. METHODS: RA mouse were induced using collagen II (CIA, collagen induced arthritis) where the disease severity or UDCA-related signaling pathway such as AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) or small heterodimer partner interacting leucine zipper protein (SMILE) was evaluated by westerblot and immunohistochemical staining...
May 21, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530573/identification-of-a-key-umami-active-fraction-in-modernized-korean-soy-sauce-and-the-impact-thereof-on-bitter-masking
#16
Yiseul Kim, Eun-Young Kim, Hee Jin Son, Jai-Jung Lee, Yong-Ho Choi, Mee-Ra Rhyu
Food protein hydrolysates created by natural fermentation have been used for centuries as food flavorings. The aim of this study was to define the key umami-active fraction of modernized Korean soy sauce (mJGN) and the impact thereof on bitter-masking of human sensory and bitter-taste receptor-expressing cells. We found strong correlations between taste profiles of mJGN and a contained fraction (F05). The latter contained compounds of less than 500Da, and elicits a distinct umami taste. Both free amino acids and Glu-enriched oligopeptides are suggested to be crucial in terms of the effects of F05 on taste...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521469/licochalcone-e-induces-caspase-dependent-death-of-human-pharyngeal-squamous-carcinoma-cells-through-the-extrinsic-and-intrinsic-apoptotic-signaling-pathways
#17
Sang-Joun Yu, In-A Cho, Kyeong-Rok Kang, Yi-Ra Jung, Seung Sik Cho, Goo Yoon, Ji-Su Oh, Jae-Seek You, Yo-Seob Seo, Gyeong-Je Lee, Sook-Young Lee, Do Kyung Kim, Chun Sung Kim, Su-Gwan Kim, Mi-Ae Jeong, Jae-Sung Kim
The aim of the present study was to investigate licochalcone-E (Lico-E)-induced apoptosis and the associated apoptotic signaling pathway in FaDu cells, a human pharyngeal squamous carcinoma cell line. Treatment with Lico-E exhibited significant cytotoxicity on FaDu cells in a concentration-dependent manner. The IC50 value of Lico-E in FaDu cells was ~50 µM. Treatment with Lico-E increased the number of dead FaDu cells. Furthermore, chromatin condensation, which is associated with apoptotic cell death, was observed in FaDu cells treated with Lico-E for 24 h...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516868/predicting-responses-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-to-disease-modifying-agents-using-baseline-clinical-data
#18
Nicola J Gullick, Aneela N Mian, Fowzia Ibrahim, David Walker, Andrew Hassell, Patrick D W Kiely, David A Walsh, Adam Young, David L Scott
OBJECTIVES: The optimal treatment for active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is unresolved, particularly in early RA. We used data from an observational cohort to develop the simple predictor algorithm and evaluated its application in two completed clinical trials in early and established RA. We assessed whether using a simple algorithm can identify patients who have persisting active disease despite treatment with disease-modifying drugs (DMARDs). We also examined if patients who have lower likelihoods of persisting active RA are likely to benefit from intensive treatment...
May 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513893/relationship-between-iodine-levels-and-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Joon-Hyop Lee, Yunji Hwang, Ra-Yeong Song, Jin Wook Yi, Hyeong Won Yu, Su-Jin Kim, Young Jun Chai, June Young Choi, Kyu Eun Lee, Sue K Park
BACKGROUND: Iodine excess has been suggested as an exogenous risk factor of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the relationship between iodine exposure measured in various forms and PTC prevalence. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for case-control studies on iodine and PTC published up to December 2015. Exposure to iodine was compared between PTC and control groups. RESULTS: From the 16 selected studies, the odds ratio (OR) for the overall effect size between high iodine exposure and PTC risk was 1...
May 17, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512992/association-of-cd8-t-cells-with-bone-erosion-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Young Bin Joo, Youngho Park, Kwangwoo Kim, So-Young Bang, Sang-Cheol Bae, Hye-Soon Lee
AIM: Bone erosion is a major problem worsening quality of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients' lives. However, causal factors responsible for bone erosion in RA have remained unclear. We aimed to examine genetic variants conferring bone erosion in RA using a Korean genome-wide association study (GWAS) and to search for possible biological mechanisms underlying the development of bone erosion. METHOD: We obtained genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data for 711 Korean RA patients using Illumina HapMap 550v3/660W arrays...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
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