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MicroRNA or miRNA

Anastasia K Atabekova, Anna V Pankratenko, Svetlana S Makarova, Ekaterina A Lazareva, Robert A Owens, Andrey G Solovyev, Sergey Y Morozov
Human B-cell receptor-associated protein BAP31 (HsBAP31) is the endoplasmic reticulum-resident protein involved in protein sorting and transport as well as pro-apoptotic signaling. Plant orthologs of HsBAP31 termed 'plant BAP-like proteins' (PBL proteins) have thus far remained unstudied. Recently, the PBL protein from Nicotiana tabacum (NtPBL) was identified as an interactor of Nt-4/1, a plant protein known to interact with plant virus movement proteins and affect the long-distance transport of potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) via the phloem...
October 19, 2016: Biochimie
Yinyan Xu, Xinyan Huang, Juan Xie, Yanni Chen, Jing Fu, Li Wang
Autophagy, identified as type II programmed cell death, has already been known to be involved in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia (PE), which is a gestational disease with high morbidity. The present study aims to investigate the functional role of let-7i, a miRNA, in trophoblastic autophagy. Placental tissue used in this study was collected from patients with severe preeclampsia (SPE) or normal pregnant women. A decreased level of let-7i was found in placenta of SPE. In addition, autophagic vacuoles were observed in SPE and the expression of microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) II/I was elevated...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Aleksandra Swida-Barteczka, Katarzyna Kruszka, Aleksandra Grabowska, Andrzej Pacak, Artur Jarmolowski, Marzena Kurowska, Iwona Szarejko, Zofia Szweykowska-Kulinska
MicroRNAs are short molecules of 21-24 nt in length. They are present in all eukaryotic organisms and regulate gene expression by guiding posttranscriptional silencing of mRNAs. In plants, they are key players in signal transduction, growth and development, and in response to abiotic and biotic stresses. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is an economically important monocotyledonous crop plant. Drought is the world's main cause of loss in cereal production. We have constructed a high-throughput Real-Time RT-qPCR platform for parallel determination of 159 barley primary microRNAs' levels...
October 21, 2016: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Agnieszka Fiszer, Marianna E Ellison-Klimontowicz, Wlodzimierz J Krzyzosiak
Polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases comprise a group of nine genetic disorders that are caused by the expansion of the CAG triplet repeat, which encodes glutamine, in unrelated single genes. Various oligonucleotide (ON)-based therapeutic approaches have been considered for polyQ diseases. The very attractive CAG repeat-targeting strategy offers selective silencing of the mutant allele by directly targeting the mutation site. CAG repeat-targeting miRNA-like siRNAs have been shown to specifically inhibit the mutant gene expression, and their characteristic feature is the formation of mismatches in their interactions with the target site...
October 21, 2016: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Lin Fu, Jinlong Shi, Anqi Liu, Lei Zhou, Mengmeng Jiang, Huaping Fu, Keman Xu, Dandan Li, Ailing Deng, Qingyi Zhang, Yifan Pang, Yujie Guo, Kai Hu, Jiansuo Zhou, Yapeng Wang, Wenrong Huang, Yu Jing, Liping Dou, Lili Wang, Kailin Xu, Xiaoyan Ke, Clara Nervi, Yonghui Li, Li Yu
MicroRNA-9-1(miR-9-1) plays an important role in the mechanism that regulates the lineage fate of differentiating hematopoietic cells. Recent studies have shown that miR-9-1 is downregulated in t (8; 21) AML. However, the pathogenic mechanisms underlying miR-9-1 down-regulation and the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 fusion protein, generated from the translocation of t (8; 21) in AML, remain unclear. RUNX1-RUNX1T1 can induce leukemogenesis through resides in and functions as a stable RUNX1-RUNX1T1-containing transcription factor complex...
October 22, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
XinWang Zhu, CongXiao Zhang, QiuLing Fan, XiaoDan Liu, Gang Yang, Yi Jiang, LiNing Wang
BACKGROUND Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most lethal diabetic microvascular complication; it is a major cause of renal failure, and an increasingly globally prominent healthcare problem. MATERIAL AND METHODS To identify susceptible microRNAs for the pathogenesis of DN and the targets of losartan treatment, microRNA arrays were employed to survey the glomerular microRNA expression profiles of KKAy mice treated with or without losartan. KKAy mice were assigned to either a losartan-treated group or a non-treatment group, with C57BL/6 mice used as a normal control...
October 22, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Fei-Fei Wang, Song Wang, Wen-Hua Xue, Jing-Liang Cheng
microRNAs (miRNAs), a family of small non-coding RNA molecules, are implicated in cancer growth and progression. In the present study, we examined the expression and biological roles of miR-590 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Compared to normal lung tissues, miR-590 expression was downregulated in primary NSCLCs and, to a greater extent, in corresponding brain metastases. NSCLC cell lines with high metastatic potential had significantly (P < 0.05) lower levels of miR-590 than those with low metastatic potential...
October 21, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Slava Ilnytskyy, Andriy Bilichak
Next-generation sequencing became a method of choice for the investigation of small RNA transcriptomes in plants and animals. Although a technical side of sequencing itself is becoming routine, and experimental costs are affordable, data analysis still remains a challenge, especially for researchers with limited computational experience. Here, we present a detailed description of a computational workflow designed to take raw sequencing reads as input, to obtain small RNA predictions, and to detect the differentially expressed microRNAs as a result...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Masayuki Tsuzuki, Yuichiro Watanabe
Small RNAs are key molecules in RNA silencing pathways that exert the sequence-specific regulation of gene expression and chromatin modifications in many eukaryotes. In plants, endogenous small RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs), trans-acting short interfering RNAs (tasiRNAs), and heterochromatic siRNAs (hc-siRNAs), play an important role in switching or orchestrating biological processes during the development and at the onset of stress responses. These endogenous and exogenous small RNAs are mainly 20-24 nucleotides in length...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Erika Varkonyi-Gasic
Plant microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the posttranscriptional regulation of protein-coding genes, and they are essential for a normal development and survival. Mature miRNAs are cleaved from larger precursor RNAs and are typically 21-22 nt long.The small size, the lack of a common feature like a poly(A) tail, 3' end-modifications, and presence of a precursor-all these factors affect the detection and hinder the quantification of miRNAs. The stem-loop qRT-PCR method described here is designed to detect and quantify mature miRNAs in a fast, specific, accurate, and reliable manner...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Sara Hernández-Castellano, Geovanny I Nic-Can, Clelia De-la-Peña
Among the epigenetic mechanisms studied with a greater interest in the last decade are the microRNAs (miRNAs). These small noncoding RNA sequences that are approximately 17-22 nucleotides in length play an essential role in many biological processes of various organisms, including plants. The analysis of spatiotemporal expression of miRNAs provides a better understanding of the role of these small molecules in plant development, cell differentiation, and other processes; but such analysis is also an important method for the validation of biological functions...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Qinglin Li, Baoshen Liu
The determining process of pistil fate are central to maize sex determination, mainly regulated by a genetic network in which the sex-determining genes SILKLESS 1 , TASSEL SEED 1 , TASSEL SEED 2 and the paramutagenic locus Required to maintain repression 6 play pivotal roles. Maize silks, which emerge from the ear shoot and derived from the pistil, are the functional stigmas of female flowers and play a pivotal role in pollination. Previous studies on sex-related mutants have revealed that sex-determining genes and phytohormones play an important role in the regulation of flower organogenesis...
October 21, 2016: Planta
Wenjin Chen, Shengdong Guo, Shenggang Wang
BACKGROUND The purpose of our study was to determine the functional role of microRNA (miR)-16 in chronic inflammatory pain and to disclose its underlying molecular mechanism. MATERIAL AND METHODS Inflammatory pain was induced by injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) to Wistar rats. The pWPXL-miR-16, PcDNA3.1- Ras-related protein (RAB23), and/or SB203580 were delivered intrathecally to the rats. Behavioral tests were detected at 0 h, 4 h, 1 d, 4 d, 7 d, and 14 d after CFA injection. After behavioral tests, L4-L6 dorsal spinal cord were obtained and the levels of miR-16, RAB23, and phosphorylation of p38 (p-p38) were evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR)...
October 22, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Mingjun Bi, Wei Chen, Hongmei Yu, Jinxiu Wang, Fang Ding, Dong Jing Tang, Cuiyan Tang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the pathogenesis of many types of cancers by negatively regulating gene expression at posttranscriptional level. Here, we identified that miR-543 is up-regulated in gefitinib-resistant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients comparing gefitinib-sensitive ones. It promotes NSCLC cell proliferation by negatively regulates its target gene PTEN. In NSCLC cell lines, CCK-8 proliferation assay indicated that the cell proliferation is promoted by miR-543 mimics. Transwell assay showed that miR-543 mimics promotes the invasion and migration of NSCLC cells...
October 18, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Anusha Sathyanarayanan, Karthik Subramanian Chandrasekaran, Devarajan Karunagaran
microRNAs (miRNAs) play significant roles in diverse biological processes and their deregulation is implicated in carcinogenesis. miR-146a executes tumour suppressive or oncogenic functions depending on the cancer type, but its effect on human cervical (CaCx) and colorectal (CRC) cancers have not been examined thus far. In this study, miR-146a exhibited high expression in CaCx but poor expression in CRC, in comparison to corresponding normal tissues. Nevertheless, ectopic expression of miR-146a inhibited proliferation in both CaCx and CRC cells and curbed their migration and invasion...
October 18, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Seshasailam Venkateswaran, Maria Angélica Luque-González, Mavys Tabraue-Chávez, Mario Antonio Fara, Barbara López-Longarela, Victoria Cano-Cortes, Francisco Javier López-Delgado, Rosario María Sánchez-Martín, Hugh Ilyine, Mark Bradley, Salvatore Pernagallo, Juan José Díaz-Mochón
Over the last decade, circulating microRNAs have received attention as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. In particular, microRNA122 has been demonstrated to be an early and more sensitive indicator of drug-induced liver injury than the widely used biomarkers such as alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase. Recently, microRNA122 has been used in vitro to assess the cellular toxicity of new drugs and as a biomarker for the development of a rapid test for drug overdose/liver damage. In this proof-of-concept study, we report a PCR-free and label-free detection method that has a limit of detection (3 standard deviations) of 15 fmoles of microRNA122, by integrating a dynamic chemical approach for "Single Nucleobase Labelling" with a bead-based platform (Luminex(®)) thereby, in principle, demonstrating the exciting prospect of rapid and accurate profiling of any microRNAs related to diseases and toxicology...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Hong-Xin Jiang, Zhen-Zhen Liang, Yan-Hong Ma, De-Ming Kong, Zhang-Yong Hong
Real-time PCR has revolutionized PCR from qualitative to quantitative. As an isothermal DNA amplification technique, rolling circular amplification (RCA) has been demonstrated to be a versatile tool in many fields. Development of a simple, highly sensitive, and specific strategy for real-time monitoring of RCA will increase its usefulness in many fields. The strategy reported here utilized the specific fluorescence response of thioflavin T (ThT) to G-quadruplexes formed by RCA products. Such a real-time monitoring strategy works well in both traditional RCA with linear amplification efficiency and modified RCA proceeded in an exponential manner, and can be readily performed in commercially available real-time PCR instruments, thereby achieving high-throughput detection and making the proposed technique more suitable for biosensing applications...
November 2, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Eliza Tsitoura, Athol U Wells, Kostantinos Karagiannis, Ismini Lasithiotaki, Eirini Vasarmidi, Eleni Bibaki, Chara Koutoulaki, Hiroe Sato, Demetrios A Spandidos, Nikolaos M Siafakas, George Sourvinos, Katerina M Antoniou
MicroRNA signatures of BAL cells and alveolar macrophages are currently lacking in IPF. Here we sought to investigate the expression of fibrosis-related microRNAs in the cellular component of the BAL in IPF. We thus focused on microRNAs previously associated with fibrosis (miR-29a, miR-29b, miR-29c, let-7d, and miR-21) and rapid IPF progression (miR-185, miR-210, miR-302c-3p miR-376c and miR-423-5p). Among the tested microRNAs miR-29a and miR-185 were found significantly downregulated in IPF while miR-302c-3p and miR-376c were not expressed by BAL cells...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Xia Wang, Qing Li, Hua Jin, Hua Zou, Wei Xia, Nan Dai, Xiao-Yan Dai, Dong Wang, Cheng-Xiong Xu, Yi Qing
Previous studies have shown that some dysregulated miRNAs are involved in radioresistance of tumor cells. Here, we identified significantly decreased miR-424 expression in radioresistant cervical cancer cells and specimens from cervical cancer patients with radioresistance compared to their radiosensitive parental cells and specimens from radiosensitive patients, respectively. Ectopic expression of miR-424 significantly increased radiation-induced DNA damage, cell apoptosis and G2/M cell cycle arrest in radioresistant cervical cancer cells...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Mingdi Zhang, Wei Gong, Bin Zuo, Bingfeng Chu, Zhaohui Tang, Yong Zhang, Yong Yang, Di Zhou, Mingzhe Weng, Yiyu Qin, Mingzhe Ma, Alex Jiang, Fei Ma, Zhiwei Quan
Cytokine is a key molecular link between chronic inflammation and gallbladder cancer (GBC) progression. The potential mechanism of cytokine-associated modulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) expression in GBC progression is not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the biological effects and prognostic significance of interleukin-6 (IL-6) -induced miRNAs in the development of GBC. We identify that inflammatory cytokine, IL-6 promotes proliferation, migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of GBC both in vitro and in vivo...
October 15, 2016: Oncotarget
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