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advance dementia and femur fracture

Simon Parker, Arash Afsharpad
Introduction. Ground-level falls are typically regarded as a minor mechanism of injury that do not necessitate trauma team activation; however, they represent a significant proportion of hospitalised trauma and can result in multisystem injury. Case Presentation. A 79-year-old nursing home resident was brought to the emergency department following an unwitnessed fall. She suffered dementia and had a seizure in the department resulting in a reduced GCS, making history and examination difficult. She was diagnosed with a right proximal humerus fracture and admitted under joint orthopedic and medical care...
2014: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Philipp N Streubel, William M Ricci, Ambrose Wong, Michael J Gardner
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly are associated with high 1-year mortality rates, but whether patients with other lower extremity fractures are exposed to a similar mortality risk is not clear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We evaluated the mortality of elderly patients after distal femur fractures; determined predictors for mortality; analyzed the effect of surgical delay; and compared survivorship of elderly patients with distal femur fractures with subjects in a matched hip fracture group...
April 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
E Peters, R Pritzkuleit, F Beske, A Katalinic
Demographic change and its impact on the German healthcare system is a subject of great debate. The purpose of this paper is to make projections on disease rates based on the 11th coordinated demographic prediction and population-based data which take into consideration demographic developments. The German population will decrease by approximately 16% until 2050, while at the same time the number of persons aged over 65 years will increase by 38% and the number of individuals aged over 80 years will increase by 156%...
May 2010: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
R Hegde, D Bell, P Cole
An elderly woman with dementia presented for repeat surgical management of fractured neck of femur. Although no advance directive had ever been generated, the patient was declared to be a strict Jehovah's Witness by her daughter, who vetoed the transfusion of any blood products. The fracture was managed conservatively but the patient suffered repeated chest infections, from which she died 4 months after admission. This case raised several clinical, ethical and legal issues and generated a spectrum of opinion as to the appropriateness of operative intervention, transfusion and provision of intensive care...
August 2006: Anaesthesia
J Sidorowicz, T Gaździk, J M Jaworski
Treatment of trochanteric fractures, especially in patients who are advanced in age, presents numerous difficulties; the results of treatment are not always satisfactory. The aim of the study was to analyse the results of conservative treatment of trochanteric fractures in 50 patients (31 females and 19 males, 65-94 years of age), who were not qualified for surgery because of sclerosis, cerebral haemorrhage in the past, labile diabetes, senile dementia, an advanced neoplastic disease, circulatory and respiratory insufficiency, or refusal of agreement to the surgery...
1998: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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