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Tibial nerve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640440/frequency-dependent-inhibition-of-bladder-function-by-saphenous-nerve-stimulation-in-anesthetized-rats
#1
Zainab Moazzam, Paul B Yoo
AIMS: Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) is an effective neuromodulation therapy for treating overactive bladder (OAB). The therapeutic effects are achieved by repeatedly applying electrical stimulation through a percutaneous needle electrode that is used to target the tibial nerve (TN). Anatomical studies indicate there can be multiple saphenous nerve (SAFN) branches located near the site of electrical stimulation, and therefore we investigated the possibility of evoking a bladder-inhibitory reflex by electrically activating the SAFN...
June 22, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634514/cystic-lesions-of-peripheral-nerves-are-we-missing-the-diagnosis-of-the-intraneural-ganglion-cyst
#2
Jyoti Panwar, Anil Mathew, Binu P Thomas
AIM: To highlight the salient magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of the intraneural ganglion cyst (INGC) of various peripheral nerves for their precise diagnosis and to differentiate them from other intra and extra-neural cystic lesions. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the magnetic resonance (MR) images of a cohort of 245 patients presenting with nerve palsy involving different peripheral nerves was done. MR images were analyzed for the presence of a nerve lesion, and if found, it was further characterized as solid or cystic...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624667/schwannoma-and-neurofibroma-of-the-posterior-tibial-nerve-presenting-as-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-review-of-the-literature-with-two-case-reports
#3
REVIEW
Makgabo John Tladi, Nikiforos Pandelis Saragas, Paulo Norberto Ferrao, Andrew Strydom
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus is the lateral deviation of the great toe at the MTPJ that has many attributing aetiologies. This study will aim to identify whether hallux valgus progresses over time in the oriental Chinese population in Hong Kong. METHODS: Patients with acquired symptomatic hallux valgus who presented to clinic between 2008 and 2013 were included. The deformities were analysed radiologically at presentation and pre-operative and angles were measured...
March 30, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620592/the-role-of-fibular-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-combined-distal-tibia-and-fibula-fracture-a-randomized-control-trial
#4
Mohammad Javdan, Mohammad Ali Tahririan, Morteza Nouri
BACKGROUND: This randomized, parallel-group, non-blinded study was designed to determine the role of fibular fixation in the treatment outcomes of combined distal tibia and fibula fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with distal tibial and fibular fractures were randomly divided in two groups of case and controls. In the case group, fibula was fixed prior to the fixation of tibia. In the control group, tibia was fixed without fibular fixation. Primary outcomes were varus-valgus angulation, anterior-posterior angulation, union and side effects...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615976/clinical-utility-of-neurostimulation-devices-in-the-treatment-of-overactive-bladder-current-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Dick Aw Janssen, Frank Mj Martens, Liesbeth L de Wall, Hendrikje Mk van Breda, John Pfa Heesakkers
OBJECTIVES: This review describes the evidence from established and experimental therapies that use electrical nerve stimulation to treat lower urinary tract dysfunction. METHODS: Clinical studies on established treatments such as percutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation (P-PTNS), transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) and sacral anterior root stimulation (SARS) are evaluated. In addition, clinical evidence from experimental therapies such as dorsal genital nerve (DGN) stimulation, pudendal nerve stimulation, magnetic nerve stimulation and ankle implants for tibial nerve stimulation are evaluated...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615040/immunohistochemical-and-immunocytochemical-study-of-mechanoreceptors-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-the-remnant-preserving-technique-using-achilles-tendon-allografts
#6
Keun Churl Chun, Sung Hyun Lee, Jeong Woo Kim, Eun Jung Jin, Kwang Mee Kim, Churl Hong Chun
BACKGROUND: Attempts have been made to validate the significance of remnant preservation with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using immunohistochemical and immunocytochemical techniques. The purpose of this study was to examine the expression of mechanoreceptors in the remnant tissue of ACL reconstruction performed with the remnant-preserving technique. METHODS: Tissue samples were obtained from 10 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction with the remnant-preserving technique...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607786/proximal-tibial-epiphysis-fracture-in-a-13-year-old-male-athlete
#7
Ioannis M Stavrakakis, Pavlos E Katsoulis, Maria S Katsafarou
Fractures of the proximal epiphysis of the tibia are rare, representing 0.5 to 3.0% of all epiphyseal injuries. These injuries can damage the popliteal vessels and their bifurcation, affecting the blood supply of the lower limb, as well as the nerves below the knee. Epiphyseal growth arrest is also a potential complication, leading to various angular deformities. We present a case of a 13-year-old male athlete with a posteriorly displaced Salter-Harris type II fracture of the proximal epiphysis of the left tibia who was treated conservatively with closed reduction and cast immobilization...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604402/the-role-of-nonpharmacologic-therapies-in-management-of-chronic-pelvic-pain-what-to-do-when-surgery-fails
#8
Sara R Till, Heather N Wahl, Sawsan As-Sanie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on nonsurgical and nonpharmacologic strategies for the management of chronic pelvic pain (CPP). RECENT FINDINGS: Effective treatment of patients with CPP requires a multifaceted approach, with thoughtful consideration of surgical, pharmacologic, and nonpharmacologic strategies. Evidence for physical therapy and trigger point injections for treatment of myofascial components of CPP is increasing. Neuromodulation techniques, such as percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation and transcutaneous electrical stimulation, have limited but favorable preliminary data in patients with CPP...
June 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602631/clinical-electrodiagnostic-and-outcome-correlation-in-als-patients-in-thailand
#9
Kongkiat Kulkantrakorn, Dararat Suksasunee
INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) requires both clinical and electrodiagnostic (EDx) data. The correlation between the two may aid in outcome prognostication. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with ALS in tow tertiary hospitals in Thailand. RESULTS: Data from 25 ALS patients out of 38 patients with motor neuron disease was reviewed. Male was predominant with mean age of onset of 60.1±10.7years old...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602048/injected-corticosteroids-for-treating-plantar-heel-pain-in-adults
#10
REVIEW
Judy A David, Venkatesan Sankarapandian, Prince Rh Christopher, Ahana Chatterjee, Ashish S Macaden
BACKGROUND: Plantar heel pain, commonly resulting from plantar fasciitis, often results in significant morbidity. Treatment options include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), orthoses, physical therapy, physical agents (e.g. extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT), laser) and invasive procedures including steroid injections. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of injected corticosteroids for treating plantar heel pain in adults. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (the Cochrane Library), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, clinical trials registries and conference proceedings...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598071/-early-systemic-administration-of-il-10-inhibits-neuropathic-pain-in-adult-rats-with-tibial-nerve-injury
#11
Ya-Ping Feng, You-Quan Ding, Hong-Yi Ren, Xuan-Yang Li, Yang Qin, Jian-Guo Qi
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of early systemic administration of IL-10 on peripheral neuropathic pain induced by tibial nerve permanent transection [modified spared nerve injury (mSNI)]in adult rats. METHODS: Male adult Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (ten-week old, 250-300 g) with mSNI were randomly divided into mSNI, sham-operated, IL-10 intervention (intraperitoneal injection), PBS intervention (intraperitoneal injection) groups, each containing six rats. Intraperitoneally injections (IL-10 or PBS) were given immediately after surgeries for a single regime with a dosage of 500 uL (0...
September 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598070/-helminth-derived-immunomodulatory-glycan-lnfp3-impairs-pathogenesis-of-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-and-spinal-glial-activation
#12
You-Quan Ding, Hhong-Yi Ren, Xia Xiao, Xuan-Yang Li, Jian-Guo Qi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of helminth-derived immunomodulatory glycan lacto-N-fucopentaose3(LNFP3) on the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain and spinal glial activation in the corresponding time windows after adult rat tibial nerve permanent transection (modified spared nerve injury, mSNI). METHODS: Ten weeks old male adult Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats weighing 250-300 g were randomly grouped into four groups: sham-operated group (n =6), mSNI group (n =6), mSNI plus bovine serum albumin (BSA) group (n =12) and mSNI plus LNFP3 group (n=12)...
September 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591954/-the-effect-of-emulsified-sevofluran-on-muscular-relaxation-through-selective-blockage-of-peripheral-nerves
#13
Ling Ye, Xin-Xin Sun, Tao Zhu, Ping-Liang Yang
OBJECTIVES: To identify the site that emulsified sevoflurane influences in the nerve system. METHODS: Thirty-six healthy New Zealand rabbits were randomly and equally divided into low concentration emulsified sevoflurane group [4 mL/(kg·h)], medium concentration [6 mL/(kg·h)]group, high concentration group[10 mL/(kg·h)]and intralipid control group. Emulsified sevoflurane was infused through arterial to selectively block peripheral nerves, neuro-muscular junctions and muscle fibers...
July 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591842/children-with-cerebral-palsy-hyper-gate-somatosensory-stimulations-of-the-foot
#14
Max J Kurz, Alex I Wiesman, Nathan M Coolidge, Tony W Wilson
We currently have a substantial knowledge gap in our understanding of the neurophysiological underpinnings of the sensory perception deficits often reported in the clinic for children with cerebral palsy (CP). In this investigation, we have begun to address this knowledge gap by using magnetoencephalography (MEG) brain imaging to evaluate the sensory gating of neural oscillations in the somatosensory cortices. A cohort of children with CP (Gross Motor Function Classification System II-III) and typically developing children underwent paired-pulse electrical stimulation of the tibial nerve during MEG...
June 7, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580257/posterior-surgical-approach-to-the-knee
#15
Scott C Faucett, James Gannon, Jorge Chahla, Marcio B Ferrari, Robert F LaPrade
Posterior knee approaches are reliable techniques to address the treatment of various pathologies of the posterior region of the knee, including Baker cyst excision, tibial plateau fracture fixation, posterior cruciate ligament avulsions and inlay reconstructions, femoral condyle cartilage procedures, posterior meniscal repair and loose body removal among others. Surgery in the posterior knee region can be challenging because of the presence of neurovascular structures including the tibial nerve, popliteal artery and vein, and common peroneal nerve; thus, it is less commonly performed...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579284/mechanism-of-physical-stress-induced-inhibition-of-ovarian-estradiol-secretion-in-anesthetized-rats
#16
Sae Uchida, Fusako Kagitani
This study examined the site of main integration center in the physical stress-induced inhibition of ovarian estradiol secretion because of ovarian sympathetic nerve (superior ovarian nerve: SON) activation in anesthetized rats. In central nervous system-intact rats, electrical stimulation of the tibial afferent nerve at 10V increased the efferent activity of the SON by 39±13% and reduced the ovarian secretion of estradiol by 34±7%. These responses were observed in decerebrate rats but were abolished in spinal rats...
May 26, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574858/diffusion-tensor-imaging-in-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyneuropathy-diagnostic-accuracy-and-correlation-with-electrophysiology
#17
Moritz Kronlage, Kalliopi Pitarokoili, Daniel Schwarz, Tim Godel, Sabine Heiland, Min-Suk Yoon, Martin Bendszus, Philipp Bäumer
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to assess diagnostic accuracy of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), to correlate DTI with electrophysiological parameters, and to evaluate whether radial diffusivity (RD) and axial diffusivity (AD) might serve as specific biomarkers of demyelinating and axonal pathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was approved by the institutional ethics committee, and written informed consent was obtained from all participants...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573310/inhibition-of-neuropathic-hyperalgesia-by-intrathecal-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-is-associated-with-alteration-of-multiple-soluble-factors-in-cerebrospinal-fluid
#18
Gregory Fischer, Fei Wang, Hongfei Xiang, Xiaowen Bai, Hongwei Yu, Quinn H Hogan
Injury-induced neuropathic pain remains a serious clinical problem. Recent studies indicate that bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) effectively attenuate chronic neuropathic pain in animal models. Here, we examined the therapeutic effect of intrathecal administration of BMSCs isolated from young (1-month-old) rats on pain hypersensitivity induced by tibial nerve injury. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was collected and analyzed to examine the effect of BMSC administration on the expression of 67 soluble factors in CSF...
June 1, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570479/sensitization-of-c-fiber-nociceptors-in-mice-with-sickle-cell-disease-is-decreased-by-local-inhibition-of-anandamide-hydrolysis
#19
Megan L Uhelski, Kalpna Gupta, Donald A Simone
Chronic pain and hyperalgesia, as well as pain resulting from episodes of vasoocclusion, are characteristic features of sickle cell disease (SCD) and are difficult to treat. Since there is growing evidence that increasing local levels of endocannabinoids can decrease hyperalgesia, we examined the effects of URB597, a fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor which blocks the hydrolysis of the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide (AEA), on hyperalgesia and sensitization of cutaneous nociceptors in a humanized mouse model of SCD...
May 31, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570458/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-babysitter-procedure-with-different-percentages-of-partial-neurectomy
#20
Yang Wang, Dehua Meng, Jian Zhang, Libo Jiang, Qintong Xu, Zenggan Chen, Feng Zhang, William C Lineaweaver
BACKGROUND: After 2 months of denervation, the number of motor units in the muscle decreases; after 6 months of denervation, muscle atrophy and weakness are irreversible and successful nerve reconstruction does not generally restore function. The babysitter procedure was reported to successfully avoid muscle atrophy. One study found that the babysitter procedure with a 40% neurectomy was most suitable; however, the amount of donor nerve that can be borrowed for the babysitter procedure in peripheral nerve injury is unknown...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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