keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Children pneumonia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526018/infection-mediated-asthma-etiology-mechanisms-and-treatment-options-with-focus-on-chlamydia-pneumoniae-and-macrolides
#1
REVIEW
Wilmore C Webley, David L Hahn
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by reversible airway obstruction and airway hyperresponsiveness to non-specific bronchoconstriction agonists as the primary underlying pathophysiology. The worldwide incidence of asthma has increased dramatically in the last 40 years. According to World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, over 300 million children and adults worldwide currently suffer from this incurable disease and 255,000 die from the disease each year. It is now well accepted that asthma is a heterogeneous syndrome and many clinical subtypes have been described...
May 19, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524832/measles-outbreak-in-pediatric-hematology-and-oncology-patients-in-shanghai-2015
#2
Yan-Ling Ge, Xiao-Wen Zhai, Yan-Feng Zhu, Xiang-Shi Wang, Ai-Mei Xia, Yue-Fang Li, Mei Zeng
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial progress toward measles control are making in China, measles outbreaks in immunocompromised population still pose a challenge to interrupt endemic transmission. This study aimed to investigate the features of measles in pediatric hematology and oncology patients and explore the reasons behind the outbreak. METHODS: We collected demographic, epidemiological, and clinical data of immunocompromised measles children. All suspected measles cases were laboratory-confirmed based on the presence of measles IgM and/or identification of measles RNA...
June 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523054/acute-bacterial-meningitis-in-children-presenting-to-the-children-s-hospital-lahore-before-and-after-pneumococcal-vaccine-in-pakistan-national-immunization-program-a-comparison
#3
Attia Bari, Fatima Zeeshan, Aizza Zafar, Hasan Ejaz, Uzma Jabeen, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
OBJECTIVE: To describe bacteriological profile, morbidity and mortality of acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in children and to compare these parameters before and after the introduction of Pneumococcal vaccine in Pakistan National Immunization Program. METHODS: The present descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Paediatric Medicine of The Children's Hospital Lahore from January 2012 to December 2015. A total of 503 children one month to five years of age admitted with diagnosis of meningitis were included...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520948/relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-outcomes-among-hospitalized-patients-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#4
Anna M Bramley, Carrie Reed, Lyn Finelli, Wesley H Self, Krow Ampofo, Sandra R Arnold, Derek J Williams, Carlos G Grijalva, Evan J Anderson, Chris Stockmann, Christopher Trabue, Sherene Fakhran, Robert Balk, Jonathan A McCullers, Andrew T Pavia, Kathryn M Edwards, Richard G Wunderink, Seema Jain
Background: The effect of body mass index (BMI) on community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) severity is unclear. Methods: We investigated the relationship between BMI and CAP outcomes [hospital length of stay (LOS), intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and invasive mechanical ventilation] in hospitalized CAP patients from the CDC Etiology of Pneumonia in the Community (EPIC) study, adjusting for age, demographics, underlying conditions, and smoking status (adults only)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520902/early-acquisition-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-colonization-and-potential-association-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-preterm-newborn-infants
#5
Pilar Rojas, Vicente Friaza, Elisa Garcia, Carmen de la Horra, Sergio L Vargas, Enrique J Calderón, Antonio Pavón
Background: Pneumocystis pneumonia is a well-recognized lung disease of premature and malnourished babies. Even though, serologic studies have shown that children are exposed to Pneumocystis jirovecii early in life the epidemiology of human P. jirovecii infection and the host-microorganism relationship in infancy remain poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of P. jirovecii colonization in preterm infants and its possible association with medical complications...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520818/evaluation-of-a-real-time-method-of-simultaneous-amplification-and-testing-in-diagnosis-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection-in-children-with-pneumonia
#6
Wei Li, You-Hong Fang, Hong-Qiang Shen, De-Hua Yang, Qiang Shu, Shi-Qiang Shang
Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) infection can cause community acquired pneumonia in children. A real-time method of simultaneous amplification and testing of M. pneumoniae (SAT-MP) was developed to diagnose M. pneumoniae targeting a region of the ribosomal RNA. The SAT-MP assay can accurately identify M. pneumoniae with a detection range from 101 to 107 CFU/ml. In this study, the specimens from 315 children with pneumonia were collected and analyzed by SAT-MP in parallel with real-time PCR method and IgM ELISA assay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516508/near-infrared-photodynamic-inactivation-of-s-pneumoniae-and-its-interaction-with-raw-264-7-macrophages
#7
Ilaiáli S Leite, Mariana C Geralde, Ana C G Salina, Alexandra I Medeiros, Lívia N Dovigo, Vanderlei S Bagnato, Natalia M Inada
Pneumonia is the main cause of children mortality worldwide, and its major treatment obstacle stems from the microorganisms increasing development of resistance to several antibiotics. Photodynamic therapy has been presenting, for the last decades, promising results for some subtypes of cancer and infections. In this work we aimed to develop a safe and efficient in vitro protocol for photodynamic inactivation of Streptococcus pneumoniae, one of the most commonly found bacteria in pneumonia cases, using two near-infrared light sources and indocyanine green, a FDA approved dye...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513594/regionally-compartmentalized-resident-memory-t-cells-mediate-naturally-acquired-protection-against-pneumococcal-pneumonia
#8
N Ms Smith, G A Wasserman, F T Coleman, K L Hilliard, K Yamamoto, E Lipsitz, R Malley, H Dooms, M R Jones, L J Quinton, J P Mizgerd
As children age, they become less susceptible to the diverse microbes causing pneumonia. These microbes are pathobionts that infect the respiratory tract multiple times during childhood, generating immunological memory. To elucidate mechanisms of such naturally acquired immune protection against pneumonia, we modeled a relevant immunological history in mice by infecting their airways with mismatched serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). Previous pneumococcal infections provided protection against a heterotypic, highly virulent pneumococcus, as evidenced by reduced bacterial burdens and long-term sterilizing immunity...
May 17, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513136/cold-chain-free-storable-hydrogel-for-infant-friendly-oral-delivery-of-amoxicillin-for-the-treatment-of-pneumococcal-pneumonia
#9
Keming Xu, Liang Li, Mingyue Cui, Yiyuan Han, Huseyin Enis Karahan, Vincent Tak Kwong Chow, Chenjie Xu
Pneumonia is the major cause of death in children under five, particularly in developing countries. Antibiotics such as amoxicillin greatly help in mitigating this problem. However, there is lack of an infant/toddler-friendly formulation for countries with limited clean water and electricity. Here we report the development of a shear-thinning hydrogel system for the oral delivery of amoxicillin to the infant/toddler patients, without the need of clean water and refrigeration. The hydrogel formulation consists of metolose (hydroxypropyl methylcellulose) and amoxicillin...
May 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512785/clinical-immunological-molecular-analyses-and-outcomes-of-iranian-patients-with-lrba-deficiency-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Gholamreza Azizi, Hassan Abolhassani, Seyed Alireza Mahdaviani, Zahra Chavoshzadeh, Peyman Eshghi, Reza Yazdani, Fatemeh Kiaee, Mohammadreza Shaghaghi, Javad Mohammadi, Nima Rezaei, Lennart Hammarström, Asghar Aghamohammadi
BACKGROUND: LPS-responsive beige-like anchor protein (LRBA) deficiency is a combined immunodeficiency caused by mutation in LRBA gene. The patients have a variety of clinical symptoms including hypogammaglobulinemia, recurrent infections, autoimmunity and enteropathy. METHODS: A total of 17 LRBA-deficient patients were enrolled in this longitudinal study. For all patients, demographic information, clinical records, laboratory and molecular data were collected. RESULTS: Hypogammaglobulinemia were reported in 14 (82...
May 17, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512556/pediatric-tuberculosis-in-northern-sardinia
#11
Maria Grazia Clemente, Elena Dore, Lidia Abis, Paola Molicotti, Stefania Zanetti, Paolina Olmeo, Roberto Antonucci
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Migration flux is an increasing phenomenon in Italy, and it raises several public health issues and concerns in pediatric infectious diseases. This study investigated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of a pediatric population at high-risk for tuberculosis (TB) and the potential role of immigration as a risk factor. DESIGN: We performed an observational retrospective study of children referred to the only Pediatric Infectious Diseases Unit for Northern Sardinia over a 6-year-period (2009-2014)...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511647/low-smoke-chulha-in-indian-slums-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Megha Thakur, Esther A Boudewijns, Giridhara R Babu, Bjorn Winkens, Luc P de Witte, Jeroen Gruiskens, Preeti Sushama, Cristian T Ghergu, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Biomass fuel is used as a primary cooking source by more than half of the world's population, contributing to a high burden of disease. Although cleaner fuels are available, some households continue using solid fuels because of financial constraints and absence of infrastructure, especially in non-notified slums. The present study documents a randomised controlled study investigating the efficacy of improved cookstove on the personal exposure to air pollution and the respiratory health of women and children in an Indian slum...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510985/changing-diagnosis-coding-routines-may-confound-the-results-of-longitudinal-childhood-pneumonia-studies
#13
M Eriksson, A Nilsson, R Bennet
AIM: This Swedish study compared the discharge diagnosis codes used for children up to the age of five hospitalised for acute lower respiratory tract infections before and after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in 2007. METHODS: The International Classification of Diseases - 10(th) revision codes were used. We compared the discharge diagnosis codes at the Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital from 1 July 2005 to 30 June 2007 (n=1,127) and 1 July 2011 to 30 June 2013 (n=1,240) in relation to the diagnostic methods used...
May 16, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510461/underlying-causes-of-persistent-and-recurrent-pneumonia-in-children-at-a-pulmonary-referral-hospital-in-tehran-iran
#14
Mohammad Reza Bolursaz, Ferial Lotfian, Hossein Ali Ghaffaripour, Maryam Hassanzad
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on recurrent or persistent pneumonia in children, particularly in the developing world. This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study of children with recurrent or persistent pneumonia admitted to the Pediatric Department of Massih Daneshvari Hospital, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: Children under 18 years of age, who were admitted to the hospital with pneumonia between 2007 and 2013, were investigated to find out the prevalence of recurrent and persistent pneumonia and to recognize their underlying diseases...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507246/the-pneumococcal-type-1-pilus-genes-are-thermoregulated-and-are-repressed-by-a-member-of-the-snf2-protein-family
#15
Alan Basset, Muriel Herd, Raecliffe Daly, Simon L Dove, Richard Malley
In Streptococcus pneumoniae, the type 1 pilus is involved in many steps of pathogenesis, including adherence to epithelial cells, mediation of inflammation, escape from macrophages, and the formation of biofilms. The type 1 pilus genes are expressed in a bistable fashion with cells switching between ON and OFF expression states. Bistable expression of these genes is due to their control by RlrA, a positive regulator subject to control by a positive feedback loop. The type 1 pilus genes are also thought to be negatively regulated by a large number of repressors...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506958/enhancing-comparative-effectiveness-research-with-automated-pediatric-pneumonia-detection-in-a-multi-institutional-clinical-repository-a-phis-pilot-study
#16
Stephane Meystre, Ramkiran Gouripeddi, Joel Tieder, Jeffrey Simmons, Rajendu Srivastava, Samir Shah
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia is a leading cause of pediatric morbidity. Administrative data are often used to conduct comparative effectiveness research (CER) with sufficient sample sizes to enhance detection of important outcomes. However, such studies are prone to misclassification errors because of the variable accuracy of discharge diagnosis codes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop an automated, scalable, and accurate method to determine the presence or absence of pneumonia in children using chest imaging reports...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503626/the-effect-of-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-on-pneumonia-hospitalizations-in-children-with-neurological-disease
#17
Abeyat Zaman-Haque, Craig Campbell, Dhenuka Radhakrishnan
The aim of this retrospective single-institution observational study was to identify whether the frequency of hospitalizations for pneumonia would change before and after the initiation of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in children with neurological conditions. Included patients were 1 to 18 years old with an underlying neurological disease and had been prescribed nocturnal noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. The authors excluded patients with a tracheostomy or those who used noninvasive positive pressure ventilation solely for obstructive sleep apnea...
January 2017: Child Neurol Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500813/quality-of-case-management-for-pneumonia-and-diarrhea-among-children-seen-at-health-facilities-in-southern-malawi
#18
Miwako Kobayashi, Dyson Mwandama, Humphreys Nsona, Ruth J Namuyinga, Monica P Shah, Andrew Bauleni, Jodi Vanden Eng, Alexander K Rowe, Don P Mathanga, Laura C Steinhardt
AbstractPneumonia and diarrhea are leading causes of child deaths in Malawi. Guidelines to manage childhood illnesses in resource-poor settings exist, but studies have reported low health-care worker (HCW) adherence to guidelines. We conducted a health facility survey from January to March 2015 to assess HCW management of pneumonia and diarrhea in children < 5 years of age in southern Malawi, and to determine factors associated with case management quality. Descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression models examined patient, HCW, and health facility factors associated with recommended pneumonia and diarrhea management, using Malawi's national guidelines as the gold standard...
May 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500063/oral-antibiotics-are-as-effective-as-intravenous-antibiotics-for-postdischarge-treatment-of-complicated-pneumonia-in-children
#19
Igho Onakpoya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497921/macrolide-resistance-and-its-impacts-on-m-pneumoniae-pneumonia-in-children-comparison-of-two-recent-epidemics-in-korea
#20
Jong Hyun Kim, Jee Yong Kim, Chang Hoon Yoo, Won Hee Seo, Young Yoo, Dae Jin Song, Ji Tae Choung
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the change in macrolide resistance rate in pediatric Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia and to evaluate the influence of macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae (MRMP) on the clinical course of disease, by comparing 2 recent, consecutive epidemics in Korea. METHODS: A total of 250 patients with M. pneumoniae pneumonia admitted to a single tertiary hospital were enrolled in this study. Detection of MRMP was based on specific point mutations in domain V of the 23S rRNA gene...
July 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
keyword
keyword
94563
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"