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Samira Lahrabli, Herman Azanmasso, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif El Fatimi
OBJECTIVE: Intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin can be painful for some patients. This may be due either to a broken skin, stimulation for locating, or injecting the product. The objective of this study was to see the clinical impact of pain on injection. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 15 patients (6 M/9 W), average age was 31 years (11-75 years). The patients had spasticity of MS in 40% and a MI spasticity in 60%. The treatment was basic Dysport...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Aurélie Rochefolle, Emmanuelle Carré, Aurélie Rochefolle, Marie Callies de Sallies, Florence Durand, Catherine Rioufol, Jacques Luaute, Gilles Rode
OBJECTIVE: Botulinum toxins are often prescribed in aftercare and neurological rehabilitation services. In our hospital, they are exponentially used in the treatment of spasticity. The objective of this study is to make an assessment of their use over the period 2012-2015. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: All the botulinum toxin prescriptions are followed by the chemists. A traceability form allows to collect information about the patient, the prescriber, the medicine and its dose, the cost, and the indication...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Reza Kordestani, Kevin H Small, Rod J Rohrich
The use of neuromodulators has increased by approximately 748 percent from 2000 to 2014 and has become an integral adjunct for facial rejuvenation. Knowledge of facial anatomy, accurate facial analysis, and familiarity with neurotoxin characteristics will minimize complications and optimize results. Current U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved neurotoxins in the United States include onabotulinumtoxin A (Botox), abobotulinumtoxin A (Dysport), and incobotulinumtoxin A (Xeomin). The dosage and effect of these products are not interchangeable, so practitioners should master the utility and response of one product before trying the other products...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Dennis Matthews, George C Camba, Ignacio Pascual-Pascual, Ann H Tilton, Mark Gormley, Adnan Mahmood, Philippe Picaut, Daniel Snyder, Mauricio R Delgado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Christina Marciniak, Fatma Gul, Ziyad Ayyoub, David M Simpson, Heather W Walker, Michael Wimmer, Claire Vilain, Jean-Michel Graciès
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Fatma Gul, Michael O'Dell, Robert Jech, Marta Banach, Claire Vilain, Anne-Sophie As Grandoulier, Jean-Michel Germain, Jean-Michel Graciès
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Michael Z Lerner, Benjamin A Lerner, Amit A Patel, Andrew Blitzer
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to determine the influence of gender on onabotulinum toxin A dosing for the treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: A chart review of the senior author's database of botulinum toxin injections was performed. Patients diagnosed with adductor spasmodic dysphonia who received onabotulinum toxin A (BoNTA) injections to the thyroarytenoid muscle for at least 5 years were included for study...
September 16, 2016: Laryngoscope
Jason D Bloom, Jeremy B Green, Whitney Bowe, Erika von Grote, Alessandra Nogueira
The proportion of men seeking facial rejuvenation with botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNTA) products is increasing. The number of male patients treated in the 5-year period between 2009 and 2014 grew by 25%. There is little clinical data supporting gender-specific efficacy with regard to dosing and injection placement in men. To nurture the confidence associated with treatment of male patients, clinicians are in need of more informational materials to develop their evaluation and treatment strategies. Three BoNTA products are currently available in the United States (US) for treatment of the upper face...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Adam Bobkiewicz, Wojciech Francuzik, Lukasz Krokowicz, Adam Studniarek, Witold Ledwosiński, Jacek Paszkowski, Michal Drews, Tomasz Banasiewicz
BACKGROUND: Chronic anal fissure (CAF) is a linear split of the anoderm. The minimally invasive management of CAF such as botulinum toxin (BT) injection is recommended. However, the exact efficient dose of BT, number of injections per session and the injection sites are still debatable. The aim of this analysis was to assess the dose-dependent efficiency of botulinum toxin injection for CAF. METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched for terms: "anal fissure" AND "botulinum toxin...
August 18, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Sibel Kibar, Ferdi Yavuz, Birol Balaban
Diagnosis of Adult Idiopathic Toe Walking (AITW) is very rare in clinical practice. High quality studies regarding AITW and its treatment options have not been conducted previously. A 28-year-old male patient complaining of lower leg pain was referred to outpatient rehabilitation clinic. Physical examination revealed a gait abnormality of insufficient heel strike at initial contact. The aetiology was investigated and the patient's walking parameters were assessed using a computerized gait analysis system. The AITW was diagnosed...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Michael S Gart, Karol A Gutowski
Botulinum toxin type A (BTA) can be used for facial aesthetics. The 3 currently available BTA types include onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox; Botox Cosmetic, Allergan, Irvine, CA), abobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport; Ipsen, Ltd, Berkshire, UK), and incobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin; Merz Pharmaceuticals, Frankfurt, Germany). The mechanism of action and clinical uses for treatment of dynamic lines of the forehead, brow, glabella, lateral orbit, nose, and lips are presented, as well as treatment of masseter hypertrophy, platysmal bands, and improvements of the perioral region...
July 2016: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
Julia A Boytsova, Sergey G Danko, Svyatoslav V Medvedev
The main aim of the present study was to investigate effects of partial reductions of electromyogram (EMG) on high-frequency scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) at rest and during performance of certain cognitive tasks. Nineteen healthy women performed the same cognitive tasks before and after cosmetic injections of Dysport in certain sites of facial muscles. Scalp EEG and EMG were recorded. Impact of Dysport injections on changes of spectral power in β2 and low γ frequency ranges (18-40 Hz) in EEG and EMG derivations was investigated...
June 27, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Anthony J Wilson, Brian Chang, Anthony J Taglienti, Bianca C Chin, Catherine S Chang, Nancy Folsom, Ivona Percec
BACKGROUND: U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved formulations of botulinum toxin include onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox; Allergan, Inc., Irvine, Calif.), abobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport; Galderma Pharma S.A., Lausanne, Switzerland), and incobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin; Merz Pharmaceuticals GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, Germany). This study uses digital image correlation to compare dynamic strain reduction between available neurotoxins. METHODS: Seventy-three treatment-naive female patients aged were randomized to injection with onabotulinumtoxinA (20 units), abobotulinumtoxinA (60 units), or incobotulinumtoxinA (20 units) in the glabella...
May 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Won Joo Choe, Jin Kim
CONCLUSION: Wider-area botulinum toxin (BT) injection with the dosage depending on specific pathology is a promising approach for the treatment of hemifacial spasm (HFS), resulting in effective and long-lasting control of HFS with fewer side-effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a BT injection strategy that minimizes complications by considering the causes, duration, and electrophysiologic features of the disease, as well as the patient's age...
September 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Benoit Peyronnet, Evelyne Castel-Lacanal, Mathieu Roumiguie, Lucie Even, Philippe Marque, Michel Soulié, Pascal Rischmann, Xavier Game
AIMS: To compare the outcomes of the first intradetrusor injections of abobotulinum toxin 750 U and onabotulinum toxin 200 and 300 U in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO). METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted including 211 NDO patients treated in three consecutives eras with onabotulinum toxin 300 U (2004-2006; 80 patients), abobotulinum toxin 750 U (2007-2011; 78 patients) or onabotulinum toxin 200 U (2011-2014; 53 patients)...
March 31, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Dirk Dressler, Fereshte Adib Saberi, Hans Bigalke
Botulinum toxin (BT) is injected intramuscularily and may produce injection site pain (ISP). We wanted to explore whether the pH value of the reconstituted BT drug contributes to ISP and, if so, what strategies can be applied to reduce it. In part 1 of the study, pH values of different reconstitution solutions and of major BT drugs reconstituted with different reconstitution solutions were assessed. In part 2, the effects of reconstitution with normal saline (NS) and Ringer acetate (RA) were compared intraindividually and in a double blind fashion in 34 patients with blepharospasm...
May 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
Francesco Scaglione
Botulinum neurotoxin has revolutionized the treatment of spasticity and is now administered worldwide. There are currently three leading botulinum neurotoxin type A products available in the Western Hemisphere: onabotulinum toxin-A (ONA) Botox(®), abobotulinum toxin-A (ABO), Dysport(®), and incobotulinum toxin A (INCO, Xeomin(®)). Although the efficacies are similar, there is an intense debate regarding the comparability of various preparations. Here we will address the clinical issues of potency and conversion ratios, as well as safety issues such as toxin spread and immunogenicity, to provide guidance for BoNT-A use in clinical practice...
March 2016: Toxins
Yi Han, Andrea L Stevens, Khashayar Dashtipour, Robert A Hauser, Zoltan Mari
A systematic pair-wise comparison of all available botulinum toxin serotype A and B treatments for cervical dystonia (CD) was conducted, as direct head-to-head clinical trial comparisons are lacking. Five botulinum toxin products: Dysport(®) (abobotulinumtoxinA), Botox(®) (onabotulinumtoxinA), Xeomin(®) (incobotulinumtoxinA), Prosigne(®) (Chinese botulinum toxin serotype A) and Myobloc(®) (rimabotulinumtoxinB) have demonstrated efficacy for managing CD. A pair-wise efficacy and safety comparison was performed for all toxins based on literature-reported clinical outcomes...
April 2016: Journal of Neurology
Filip Weckx, Manuela Tutolo, Dirk De Ridder, Frank Van der Aa
Neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) can result in lower and upper urinary tract complications and eventually even in end-stage kidney failure. Since the driving force of this clinical cascade is high bladder pressure, controlling intravesical pressure in NDO patients improves both quality of life and life-expectancy in these patients. Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) has proven its efficacy in reducing intravesical pressure and in reducing incontinence episodes. BTX-A also improves quality of life in patients with NDO...
February 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
Joanna M Stephen, David W J Urquhart, Richard J van Arkel, Simon Ball, Matthew K J Jaggard, Justin C Lee, J S Church
BACKGROUND: Pain in the anterior and lateral parts of the knee during exercise is a common clinical problem for which current management strategies are often unsuccessful. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of an ultrasound-guided botulinum toxin (BT) injection into the tensor fasciae latae (TFL), followed by physical therapy, in patients classified with lateral patellofemoral overload syndrome (LPOS) who failed to respond to conventional treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
May 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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