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Neurogenic overactive bladder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431215/early-treatment-improves-urodynamic-prognosis-in-neurogenic-voiding-dysfunction-20-years-of-experience
#1
Lucia M Costa Monteiro, Glaura O Cruz, Juliana M Fontes, Eliane T R C Vieira, Eloá N Santos, Grace F Araújo, Eloane G Ramos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between early treatment and urodynamic improvement in pediatric and adolescent patients with neurogenic bladder. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective longitudinal and observational study (between 1990 and 2013) including patients with neurogenic bladder and myelomeningocele treated based on urodynamic results. The authors evaluated the urodynamic follow-up (bladder compliance and maximum bladder capacity and pressure) considering the first urodynamic improvement in two years as the outcome variable and early referral as the exposure variable, using a descriptive and multivariate analysis with logistic regression model...
April 18, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431196/switch-to-abobotulinum-toxin-a-may-be-useful-in-the-treatment-of-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity-when-intradetrusor-injections-of-onabotulinum-toxin-a-failed
#2
Florie Bottet, Benoit Peyronnet, Romain Boissier, Bénédicte Reiss, Jean G Previnaire, Andrea Manunta, Jacques Kerdraon, Alain Ruffion, Loïc Lenormand, Brigitte Perrouin Verbe, Sarah Gaillet, Xavier Gamé, Gilles Karsenty
AIMS: To assess the outcomes of switching to a different brand of botulinum toxin A (BTA, from Botox® to Dysport®) in case of failure of intradetrusor injections (IDI) of Botox® in the treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO). METHODS: The charts of all patients who underwent a switch to IDI of Dysport® after failure of an IDI of Botox® at six departments of neurourology were retrospectively reviewed. The main outcomes of interest were the bladder diary data and four urodynamic parameters: maximum cystometric capacity (MCC), maximum detrusor pressure (PDET max), and volume at first uninhibited detrusor contraction (UDC)...
April 21, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403849/real-life-persistence-rate-with-antimuscarinic-treatment-in-patients-with-idiopathic-or-neurogenic-overactive-bladder-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-solifenacin
#3
Marloes J Tijnagel, Jeroen R Scheepe, Bertil F M Blok
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that the antimuscarinic treatment of overactive bladder is characterized by low long-term persistence rates. We have investigated the persistence of solifenacin in real life by means of telephonic interviews in a prospective cohort. We included both patients with idiopathic overactive bladder as well as neurogenic overactive bladder. METHODS: From June 2009 until July 2012 patients with idiopathic or neurogenic overactive bladder who were newly prescribed solifenacin were included...
April 13, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394529/-comprehensive-pharmacologic-management-of-overactive-bladder
#4
G G Krivoborodov, E I Tur
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common and bothersome condition manifested by urgency, frequent urination, significantly impairing patients quality of life. The article presents an overview of the evidence on pharmacotherapy of neurogenic and idiopathic OAB. Selective M3 receptor blockers have been shown to be the medications of choice in treating these patients. Many studies have shown that solifenacin 10 mg is a starting dose for patients with OAB. Mirabegron (Betmiga) is the only 3-adrenergic receptor agonist approved for primary treatment of OAB patients refractory to anticholinergics or have their side effects...
April 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389505/onabotulinumtoxina-injections-in-detrusor-facilitate-self-catheterisation-in-a-patient-with-paraplegia-and-bladder-outlet-dyssynergia
#5
François Hervé, Annick Viaene, Karel Everaert
This case report describes the case of improvement of clean intermittent catheterisation procedures after each intradetrusor administration of onabotulinumtoxinA in a 45-year-old man with L1 paraplegia with neurogenic detrusor overactivity and bladder outlet dyssynergia.On three occasions, improvement on clean intermittent catheterisation procedures appeared 10 to 14 days after intradetrusor injections of onabotulinumtoxinA and lasted for 9 months. We hypothesise a possible influence of intravesical injections of onabotulinumtoxinA on the storage reflex...
April 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360952/urogynecological-conditions-associated-with-overactive-bladder-symptoms-in-women
#6
James C Forde, Jonathan L Davila, Brian K Marks, Matthew Epstein, Johnson F Tsui, Jeffrey P Weiss, Jerry G Blaivas
INTRODUCTION: Overactive bladder symptoms (OAB) affect 9-43% of women and are associated with underlying disorders, including pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The aim of this study is to identify urogynecological conditions associated with OAB symptoms. METHODS: This prospective, institutional review board-approved study included women referred to a tertiary centre with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). All women completed the self-administered OAB questionnaire (OABSS)...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332134/clinical-characteristics-of-bladder-cancer-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-the-experience-from-a-single-centre
#7
Ralf Böthig, Ines Kurze, Kai Fiebag, Albert Kaufmann, Wolfgang Schöps, Thura Kadhum, Michael Zellner, Klaus Golka
INTRODUCTION: Life expectancy for people with spinal cord injury has shown a marked increase due to modern advances in treatment methods and in neuro-urology. However, since life expectancy of people with paralysis increases, the risk of developing of urinary bladder cancer is gaining importance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-centre retrospective evaluation of patient data with spinal cord injuries and proven urinary bladder cancer and summary of the literature...
March 22, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329748/extensive-multilevel-split-laminotomy-for-debulking-a-cervicothoracolumbar-nondysraphic-intramedullary-spinal-cord-lipoma-in-a-2-month-old-infant
#8
Ha Son Nguyen, Sean Lew
INTRODUCTION: Laminectomy is the traditional approach for posterior exposure of the spinal canal for tumor resection. Another technique is split laminotomy, which entails the division and retraction of the spinous processes and laminae to access the thecal sac. This technique has been employed for small-segment exposures, but not extensively explored for long-segment exposures. CASE: A 2-month-old male presented with progressive right-leg plegia. MRI of the spine revealed a large, intramedullary spinal-cord lipoma extending from C6 to L5...
March 23, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294142/inosine-attenuates-spontaneous-activity-in-the-rat-neurogenic-bladder-through-an-a2b-pathway
#9
Claire Doyle, Vivian Cristofaro, Bryan S Sack, Stefan N Lukianov, Mattias Schäfer, Yeun Goo Chung, Maryrose P Sullivan, Rosalyn M Adam
Neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) is among the most challenging complications of spinal cord injury (SCI). A recent report by us demonstrated an improvement in NDO in SCI rats following chronic systemic treatment with the purine nucleoside inosine. The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanism of action of inosine underlying improvement of NDO. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent complete spinal cord transection at T8. Inosine (1 mM) delivered intravesically to SCI rats during conscious cystometry significantly decreased the frequency of spontaneous non-voiding contractions...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269570/real-time-autonomous-bladder-event-classification-and-closed-loop-control-from-single-channel-pressure-data
#10
Robert Karam, Swarup Bhunia, Steve Majerus, Steven W Brose, Margot S Damaser, Dennis Bourbeau
Urinary incontinence, or the loss of bladder control, is a debilitating condition affecting millions worldwide, which significantly reduces quality of life. Neuromodulation of lower urinary tract nerves can be used to treat sensations of urgency in many subjects, including those with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). Event driven, or conditional stimulation has been investigated as a possible improvement to the state-of-the-art open-loop stimulation systems available today. However, this requires a robust, adaptive, and noise-tolerant method of classifying bladder function from real-time bladder pressure measurements...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265323/bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-in-children-an-update-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-a-common-but-underdiagnosed-pediatric-problem
#11
REVIEW
Joana Dos Santos, Roberto I Lopes, Martin A Koyle
Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) describes a spectrum of lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) accompanied by fecal elimination issues that manifest primarily by constipation and/or encopresis. This increasingly common entity is a potential cause of significant physical and psychosocial burden for children and families. BBD is commonly associated with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), which at its extreme may lead to renal scarring and kidney failure. Additionally, BBD is frequently seen in children diagnosed with behavioural and neuropsychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227825/real-time-autonomous-bladder-event-classification-and-closed-loop-control-from-single-channel-pressure-data
#12
Robert Karam, Swarup Bhunia, Steve Majerus, Steven W Brose, Margot S Damaser, Dennis Bourbeau, Robert Karam, Swarup Bhunia, Steve Majerus, Steven W Brose, Margot S Damaser, Dennis Bourbeau, Steve Majerus, Margot S Damaser, Robert Karam, Steven W Brose, Dennis Bourbeau, Swarup Bhunia
Urinary incontinence, or the loss of bladder control, is a debilitating condition affecting millions worldwide, which significantly reduces quality of life. Neuromodulation of lower urinary tract nerves can be used to treat sensations of urgency in many subjects, including those with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). Event driven, or conditional stimulation has been investigated as a possible improvement to the state-of-the-art open-loop stimulation systems available today. However, this requires a robust, adaptive, and noise-tolerant method of classifying bladder function from real-time bladder pressure measurements...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215830/initial-urological-evaluation-and-management-of-children-with-neurogenic-bladder-due-to-myelomeningocele
#13
Cristian Sager, Carol Burek, Juan Pablo Corbetta, Santiago Weller, Javier Ruiz, Ramiro Perea, Enrique Lago, Yesica Gomez, Victor Durán, Juan Carlos López
INTRODUCTION: The proactive management of children with myelomeningocele (MMC) has contributed to decreasing their progression to end-stage renal disease, thanks to early urological evaluation and timing implementation of treatments. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that early urological evaluation of the urinary tract in MMC shows functional alterations in most cases, and that it requires medical intervention, even when in some cases the complementary imaging studies do not show any abnormalities...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198657/genital-nerve-stimulation-increases-bladder-capacity-after-sci-a-meta-analysis
#14
Dennis J Bourbeau, Graham H Creasey, Steven Sidik, Steven W Brose, Kenneth J Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) often results in decreased bladder capacity, urinary incontinence, and vesico-ureteral reflux. NDO can trigger autonomic dysreflexia and can impair quality of life. Electrical stimulation of the genital nerves (GNS) acutely inhibits reflex bladder contractions and can increase bladder capacity. Quantifying the effect of GNS on bladder capacity and determining what study factors and subject factors influence bladder capacity improvements will inform the design of clinical GNS interventions...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195356/efficacy-of-onabotulinum-toxin-a-injection-in-pediatric-patients-with-non-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity
#15
Omer Bayrak, Erkan Sadioglu, Haluk Sen, Kazim Dogan, Sakip Erturhan, Ilker Seckiner
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness and reliability of onabotulinum toxin A (onaBoNT-A) injections in pediatric patients with non-neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NNDO). METHODS: Between January 2010 and February 2016, 39 patients underwent onaBoNT-A injections for NNDO, and were evaluated retrospectively. Three-day voiding diary was filled at baseline, and at the postoperative 9th month. The voiding frequency, incontinence episodes, and the cystometric capacity were noted...
February 14, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185483/genital-nerve-stimulation-is-tolerable-and-effective-for-bladder-inhibition-in-sensate-individuals-with-incomplete-sci
#16
Steven W Brose, Dennis J Bourbeau, Kenneth J Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic detrusor overactivity after spinal cord injury (SCI) causes urinary incontinence and reduces bladder capacity. Surface electrical genital nerve stimulation (GNS) acutely inhibits reflex bladder contractions. The stimulation amplitude selected for GNS is typically twice the amplitude that is required to evoke the pudendal-anal reflex. There is concern about the ability of persons with sensation to comfortably tolerate effective levels of GNS. The objective of this work is to determine if persons with incomplete SCI are able to tolerate acute GNS for bladder inhibition...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159850/protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study-of-cortical-lower-urinary-tract-control-changes-following-intradetrusor-injection-of-botulinum-toxin-a-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Rodolfo A Elizondo, Christof Karmonik, Timothy B Boone, Rose Khavari
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a severe debilitating disease that affects patients' quality of life. Up to 90% of patients with MS will develop lower urinary tract dysfunction within the first 18 years of the disease. If oral pharmacotherapy with anticholinergics, behavioural modifications and pelvic floor physical therapy are unsuccessful, intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin-A (OnaBotA; Botox Allergan, Dublin, Ireland) is a highly effective option for these patients...
February 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149080/urodynamic-profile-in-acute-transverse-myelitis-patients-its-correlation-with-neurological-outcome
#18
Anupam Gupta, Sushruth Nagesh Kumar, Arun B Taly
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to observe urodynamic profile of acute transverse myelitis (ATM) patients and its correlation with neurological outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in the neurorehabilitation unit of a tertiary university research hospital from July 2012 to June 2014. Forty-three patients (19 men) with ATM with bladder dysfunction, admitted in the rehabilitation unit, were included in this study. Urodynamic study (UDS) was performed in all the patients...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098199/optogenetic-modulation-of-urinary-bladder-contraction-for-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#19
Jae Hong Park, Jin Ki Hong, Ja Yun Jang, Jieun An, Kyu-Sung Lee, Tong Mook Kang, Hyun Joon Shin, Jun-Kyo Francis Suh
As current clinical approaches for lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction such as pharmacological and electrical stimulation treatments lack target specificity, thus resulting in suboptimal outcomes with various side effects, a better treatment modality with spatial and temporal target-specificity is necessary. In this study, we delivered optogenetic membrane proteins, such as channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) and halorhodopsin (NpHR), to bladder smooth muscle cells (SMCs) of mice using either the Cre-loxp transgenic system or a viral transfection method...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065810/risk-factors-associated-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infection-in-neurogenic-bladders-managed-by-clean-intermittent-catheterization
#20
Rajeev Chaudhry, Zarine R Balsara, Ramiro J Madden-Fuentes, John S Wiener, Jonathan C Routh, Patrick Seed, Sherry S Ross
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients who perform clean intermittent catheterization (CIC). METHODS: A 6-year retrospective chart review of patients with spina bifida or tethered cord who perform clean intermittent catheterization (8 months to 58 years) was conducted. A strict case definition for UTI was applied, and per-subject UTI events, demographic, and clinical data were abstracted. Data were compared between groups defined by no or infrequent UTI (≤1...
January 5, 2017: Urology
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