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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720267/a-systematic-review-of-the-supportive-care-needs-of-people-living-with-and-beyond-cancer-of-the-colon-and-or-rectum
#1
REVIEW
Grigorios Kotronoulas, Constantina Papadopoulou, Kathryn Burns-Cunningham, Mhairi Simpson, Roma Maguire
PURPOSE: Gaining a clear understanding of the health needs and concerns of people with cancer of the colon and/or rectum can help identify ways to offer a comprehensive care package. Our aim was to systematically assess the relevant literature and synthesise current available evidence. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA Statement guidelines. Five electronic databases were searched to identify studies employing qualitative and/or quantitative methods...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720057/use-of-integra-in-the-management-of-complex-hand-wounds-from-cancer-resection-and-nonburn-trauma
#2
Michael Reynolds, David A Kelly, Nicholas J Walker, Clayton Crantford, Anthony J Defranzo
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive use of Integra in burn reconstruction, little has been published regarding its utility in complex hand wounds from nonburn trauma or cancer resection. This study aimed to review outcomes following Integra use for hand reconstruction following cancer resection or nonburn trauma with exposed bone, joints, and/or tendons. METHODS: Retrospective review was performed of patients undergoing hand reconstruction with Integra for exposed bones, joints, or tendons over a 6-year period at a single institution...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717655/the-neck-burn-scar-contracture-a-concept-of-effective-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Sadanori Akita, Kenji Hayashida, Satoshi Takaki, Yoshihisa Kawakami, Takuto Oyama, Hiroyuki Ohjimi
A neck scar contracture can severely and negatively affect the function of mastication, phonic, or breathing and result in neck pain and issues with esthetics. The best way is of course to avoid such contracture by means of non-surgical treatment such as use of a growth factor. The basic fibroblastic growth factor is clinically well proven in decreasing scar formation and improving healing. There are numerous reconstructive methods for neck contracture, especially when the lesions are relatively limited in part of the neck...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714163/occupational-therapists-role-in-facilitating-pain-management-in-children-with-burn-injuries
#4
Belinda Kipping, Kate Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713749/mucormycosis-of-the-frontal-sinus-a-rare-case-report-and-review
#5
Nanda Kishore Sahoo, Vishal Kulkarni, Amit K Bhandari, Arun Kumar
Mucormycosis of the frontal sinus are rarely seen in day to day clinical practice. Although this fungus is commonly found in the environment, the disease is usually prevented by the immune system and is hence rare. Well-recognized risk factors for the disease include diabetes mellitus, leukemia, aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, blood dyscrasias, and immunosuppressive therapy in organ transplantation, renal disease, sepsis, and severe burns. The disease is primarily found in those who are immunocompromised, but it may also manifest in immuno competent persons...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711375/the-prevalence-of-orodental-trauma-during-epileptic-seizures-in-terms-of-dental-treatment-survey-study
#6
Dominika Gawlak, Joanna Łuniewska, Wiktoria Stojak, Anahit Hovhannisyan, Anna Stróżyńska, Katarzyna Mańka-Malara, Marcin Adamiec, Andrzej Rysz
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders. Seizures that occur during attacks may lead to head injuries. It is crucial to establish proper prophylactic management against trauma occurrence, as nowadays prevention is not sufficient. AIM: Assessment of the frequency of head and intraoral trauma during epileptic seizures and to evaluate factors that may predispose to injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The questionnaire was carried out among 106 patients with epilepsy...
June 29, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700411/role-of-autophagy-and-its-molecular-mechanisms-in-mice-intestinal-tract-after-severe-burn
#7
DuanY Zhang, Wei Qiu, PeiS Jin, Peng Wang, Yong Sun
BACKGROUND: Severe burn can lead to hypoxia/ischemia of intestinal mucosa. Autophagy is the process of intracellular degradation, which is essential for cell survival under stresses such as hypoxia/ischemia and nutrient deprivation. The present study was designed to investigate whether there were changes in intestinal autophagy after severe burn in mice and further to explore the effect and molecular mechanisms of autophagy on intestinal injury. METHODS: This study includes three experiments...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697028/sciatic-popliteal-fossa-catheter-for-pediatric-pain-management-of-sickle-cell-crisis-a-case-report
#8
Garret Weber, Sherry Liao, Micah Alexander Burns
Sickle cell crisis, or vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC), is a major cause of hospitalizations for adults and children with sickle cell disease, and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Despite prompt pharmacological treatment and multimodal pain management, acute pain during a VOC is often not adequately controlled in the pediatric population. We placed a continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block under ultrasound guidance in a pediatric patient for localized refractory pain during a VOC, resulting in improved pain control with preserved sensorimotor function...
July 10, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693491/hypoxia-and-hypotension-in-patients-intubated-by-physician-staffed-helicopter-emergency-medical-services-a-prospective-observational-multi-centre-study
#9
Geir Arne Sunde, Mårten Sandberg, Richard Lyon, Knut Fredriksen, Brian Burns, Karl Ove Hufthammer, Jo Røislien, Akos Soti, Helena Jäntti, David Lockey, Jon-Kenneth Heltne, Stephen J M Sollid
BACKGROUND: The effective treatment of airway compromise in trauma and non-trauma patients is important. Hypoxia and hypotension are predictors of negative patient outcomes and increased mortality, and may be important quality indicators of care provided by emergency medical services. Excluding cardiac arrests, critical trauma and non-trauma patients remain the two major groups to which helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) are dispatched. Several studies describe the impact of pre-hospital hypoxia or hypotension on trauma patients, but few studies compare this in trauma and non-trauma patients...
July 11, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692834/using-national-ambient-air-quality-standards-for-fine-particulate-matter-to-assess-regional-wildland-fire-smoke-and-air-quality-management
#10
Don Schweizer, Ricardo Cisneros, Samuel Traina, Teamrat A Ghezzehei, Glenn Shaw
Wildland fire is an important ecological process in the California Sierra Nevada. Personal accounts from pre-20th century describe a much smokier environment than present day. The policy of suppression beginning in the early 20th century and climate change are contributing to increased megafires. We use a single particulate monitoring site at the wildland urban interface to explore impacts from prescribed, managed, and full suppression wildland fires from 2006 to 2015 producing a contextual assessment of smoke impacts over time at the landscape level...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692002/impact-of-work-task-related-acute-occupational-smoke-exposures-on-select-proinflammatory-immune-parameters-in-wildland-firefighters
#11
Anna M Adetona, Olorunfemi Adetona, Robert M Gogal, David Diaz-Sanchez, Stephen L Rathbun, Luke P Naeher
OBJECTIVE: A repeated measures study was used to assess the effect of work tasks on select proinflammatory biomarkers in firefighters working at prescribed burns. METHODS: Ten firefighters and two volunteers were monitored for particulate matter and carbon monoxide on workdays, January to July 2015. Before and after workshift dried blood spots were analyzed for inflammatory mediators using the Meso Scale Discovery assay, while blood smears were used to assess leukocyte parameters...
July 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690793/postfire-soil-water-repellency-in-pi%C3%A3-on-juniper-woodlands-extent-severity-and-thickness-relative-to-ecological-site-characteristics-and-climate
#12
Daniel L Zvirzdin, Bruce A Roundy, Nicholas S Barney, Steven L Petersen, Val J Anderson, Matthew D Madsen
Wildfires can create or intensify water repellency in soil, limiting the soil's capacity to wet and retain water. The objective of this research was to quantify soil water repellency characteristics within burned piñon-juniper woodlands and relate this information to ecological site characteristics. We sampled soil water repellency across forty-one 1,000 m(2) study plots within three major wildfires that burned in piñon-juniper woodlands. Water repellency was found to be extensive-present at 37% of the total points sampled-and strongly related to piñon-juniper canopy cover...
July 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689910/management-of-postburn-perioral-contracture-using-a-customized-static-commissural-splint-and-intralesional-injections-of-triamcinolone
#13
Saurav Kumar, Sanjeev Harbansh Gupta, M Viswambaran, Arpreeta Sachdeva, B P Panda
A perioral facial burn is usually accompanied by a reduction in size of the oral orifice because of the contraction of the healing wound. Perioral contracture leads to microstomia, restricting nutrition, speech, and jaw movements and impairing the esthetic appearance of the face. It is imperative to introduce splints as early as possible to prevent the postburn sequelae. A delay in splinting allows postburn contractures. Overcoming these contractures to regain the size of the stoma requires restructuring of the hypertrophic scar using mechanical force and the biomodification of the tissues...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684713/adherence-to-referral-criteria-at-admission-and-patient-management-at-a-specialized-burns-centre-the-case-of-the-red-cross-war-memorial-children-s-hospital-in-cape-town-south-africa
#14
Constance Boissin, Marie Hasselberg, Emil Kronblad, So-Mang Kim, Lee Wallis, Heinz Rode, Lucie Laflamme
Referral guidelines for burn care are meant to assist in decision-making as regards patient transfer and admissions to specialized units. Little is known, however, concerning how closely they are followed and whether they are linked to patient care. This is the object of the current study, focused on the paediatric burns centre of the Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa. All patients admitted to the centre during the winters of 2011-2015 (n = 1165) were included. The patient files were scrutinized to clarify whether the referral criteria in place were identified (seven in total) and to compile data on patient and injury characteristics...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683773/determinants-and-time-to-blood-transfusion-among-thermal-burn-patients-admitted-to-mulago-hospital
#15
C Kilyewala, R Alenyo, R Ssentongo
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion, a practice under re-evaluation in general, remains common among thermal burn patients due to the hematological alterations associated with burns that manifest as anemia. Today advocacy is for restrictive blood transfusion taking into account individual patient characteristics. We went out to identify the parameters that may determine transfusion requirement and the time to blood transfusion for thermal burn patients in Mulago Hospital in order to build statistics and a basis to standardize future practice and Hospital protocol...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682856/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-peristomal-skin-of-a-gastrostomy-case-study
#16
Carlos Cerdán Santacruz, Cristina Díaz Del Arco, Miguel Ángel Rubio Herrera, Andrés Sánchez-Pernaute, Antonio José Torres García
BACKGROUND: Primary skin tumors that develop at enteral feeding stomas are extremely rare. Ongoing surveillance of these stomas, including the peristomal skin, is essential to early diagnosis and treatment of these tumors. CASE: A 73-year-old man with an esophageal chemical burn caused by swallowing sodium hypochlorite (bleach) approximately 50 years earlier that was initially managed with esophageal exclusion and placement of a gastrostomy device for enteral feeding presented with an exophytic and painful mass of the skin adjacent to his gastrostomy site...
July 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682286/analgesic-efficacy-and-safety-of-transdermal-and-oral-diclofenac-in-postoperative-pain-management-following-dental-implant-placement
#17
S Raja Rajeswari, Triveni Gowda, Tarun Kumar, Dhoom S Mehta, Kanchan Arya
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of transdermal and oral routes of diclofenac for postoperative pain management in patients undergoing dental implant placement. Twenty systemically healthy, partially edentulous patients who required dental implants bilaterally in the mandibular first molar region were included. While the patient was under local anesthesia, an implant was placed in the mandibular first molar region of one quadrant. After a minimum of 4 weeks, an implant was placed in the contralateral quadrant under local anesthesia...
July 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681801/current-perspectives-on-biomedical-waste-management-rules-conventions-and-treatment-technologies
#18
REVIEW
Malini R Capoor, Kumar Tapas Bhowmik
Unregulated biomedical waste management (BMWM) is a public health problem. This has posed a grave threat to not only human health and safety but also to the environment for the current and future generations. Safe and reliable methods for handling of biomedical waste (BMW) are of paramount importance. Effective BMWM is not only a legal necessity but also a social responsibility. This article reviews the current perspectives on BMWM and rules, conventions and the treatment technologies used worldwide. BMWM should ideally be the subject of a national strategy with dedicated infrastructure, cradle-to-grave legislation, competent regulatory authority and trained personnel...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678614/emission-from-open-burning-of-municipal-solid-waste-in-india
#19
Kanchan Kumari, Sunil Kumar, R Vineel, Ankur Khare, Rakesh Kumar
Open burning of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is a potential non-point source of emission, which causes greater concern especially in developing countries like India. The lack of awareness about environmental impact of open burning among the public, and ignorance of the fact i.e., "Open burning is a source of emission of carcinogenic substances" by environmental organizations are major hindrances towards appropriate municipal solid waste management (MSWM) system in India. The present paper highlights about the open burning of MSW practices in India, the current and projected emission of 10 major pollutants, namely dioxin, furans, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides, benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and 1-hexene emitted due to the open burning of MSW...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669000/towards-holistic-heart-failure-management-how-to-tackle-the-iron-deficiency-epidemic
#20
REVIEW
Lucas N L Van Aelst, Dominiek Mazure, Alain Cohen-Solal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Heart failure (HF) is a common, costly, disabling, and deadly clinical syndrome and often associated with one or several co-morbidities complicating its treatment or worsening its symptoms. During the last decade, iron deficiency (ID) got recognized as a frequent, debilitating yet easily treatable co-morbidity in HF. In this review, we focus on new evidence that emerged during the last 5 years and discuss the epidemiology, the causes, and the clinical consequences of ID in HF...
July 1, 2017: Current Heart Failure Reports
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