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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921278/bronchobiliary-fistula-caused-after-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-case-report
#1
Seikan Hai, Yuji Iimuro, Tadamichi Hirano, Kazuhiro Suzumura, Akito Yada, Jiro Fujimoto
BACKGROUND: A bronchobiliary fistula, an intercommunication between the biliary tract and bronchial trees, is an extremely rare complication after hepatectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old male underwent partial resection of the liver for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma under a thoracoabdominal approach. The immediate postoperative clinical course was uneventful, but the patient was febrile and laboratory examinations revealed leukocytosis on the 15th postoperative day...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919458/impact-of-preoperative-pulmonary-function-on-outcomes-after-open-repair-of-descending-and-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#2
Leonard N Girardi, Christopher Lau, Monica Munjal, Mohamed Elsayed, Ivancarmine Gambardella, Lucas B Ohmes, Mario Gaudino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of preoperative pulmonary function on outcomes after open repair of descending thoracic (DTA) and thoracoabdominal aortic (TAAA) aneurysms. METHODS: The outcomes of patients undergoing open repair of DTA or TAAA were analyzed in relation to the results of preoperative pulmonary function tests. Receiver operating characteristic was adopted to assess the effect of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) on the incidence of mortality...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919457/management-of-a-duplicated-inferior-vena-cava-in-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#3
Melissa M Levack, Suresh Keshavamurthy, Paul Schoenhagen, Douglas R Johnston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916380/contemporary-outcomes-of-open-thoracoabdominal-aneurysm-repair-functional-status-is-the-strongest-predictor-of-perioperative-mortality
#4
Tammam Obeid, Caitlin W Hicks, Kanhua Yin, Isibor Arhuidese, Besma Nejim, Arman Kilic, James H Black, Mahmoud Malas
BACKGROUND: Open repair of thoracoabdominal and descending thoracic aneurysm (TAA) carries significant operative morbidity and mortality. Despite evolving operative techniques patient-level risk factors affecting mortality after open TAA repair, including patient functional status, remain to be fully understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified all open TAA repair cases in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database between 2005 and 2013. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the effect of patients' age, gender, race, body mass index (BMI), comorbid conditions, functional status, ASA class, smoking, rupture, descending thoracic aneurysm versus Crawford types, dissection, and preoperative: transfusion, creatinine levels, on perioperative (30-d) mortality after open TAA repair...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914637/redo-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-a-single-center-experience-over-25%C3%A2-years
#5
Rana O Afifi, Harleen K Sandhu, Amy E Trott, Tom C Nguyen, Charles C Miller, Anthony L Estrera, Hazim J Safi
BACKGROUND: Aortic disease is a lifelong, progressive illness that may require repeated intervention over time. We reviewed our 25-year experience with open redo thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) and descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (DTAA) repair. Our objectives were to determine patient outcomes after redo repair of DTAA/TAAA and compare them with nonredo repair. We also attempted to identify the risk factors for poor outcome. METHODS: We reviewed all open redo TAAA and DTAA repairs between 1991 and 2014...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908818/ascending-aorta-to-hepatic-and-mesenteric-artery-bypassing-in-patients-with-chronic-mesenteric-ischaemia-and-extensive-aortic-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
James Barr, John Kokotsakis, Pantelis Tsipas, Prodromos Papapavlou, Konstantinos Velissarios, Theodoros Kratimenos, Thanos Athanasiou
Chronic mesenteric ischaemia (CMI) is a rare disorder caused by severe stenosis of the mesenteric arterial supply that results in post prandial pain and weight loss. Treatment options are surgical or endovascular. Surgical bypass can be performed in an antegrade fashion from the supracoeliac abdominal aorta or the distal descending thoracic aorta or in a retrograde fashion from the infra-renal aorta or the common iliac artery. However in some patients with disease of the descending thoracic aorta (DTA) or the abdominal aorta (AA) another site for the proximal anastomosis needs to be found...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905691/is-volume-important-in-aneurysm-treatment-outcome
#7
Athanasios Katsargyris, Chris Klonaris, Eric L Verhoeven
Several studies have suggested that surgical procedures performed at high-volume centers may result in superior outcome. Technically more demanding procedures such as aortic aneurysm repair appear to demonstrate a stronger relationship with volume. The present chapter reviewed the literature using the MEDLINE database to identify studies investigating the effect of volume in aortic aneurysm repair outcomes. The great majority of studies identified shows an advantage for high-volume hospitals with regard to perioperative mortality of abdominal (AAA), thoracic (TAA) and thoracoabdominal (TAAA) aortic aneurysm repair...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903476/rapid-aneurysmal-sac-expansion-following-endovascular-repair-of-a-dissecting-thoracoabdominal-aneurysm
#8
Pau Bargay-Juan, Teresa Martin-Gonzalez, Rachel Clough, Rafaëlle Spear, Jonathan Sobocinski, Stephan Haulon
Endovascular repair of dissecting thoracoabdominal aneurysms (TAAA) is challenging and often requires multiple procedures. A 61-year-old man with a dissecting type-II TAAA treated first by placement of a thoracic endograft, and subsequently implantation of a fenestrated endograft. Six months postoperatively, a 10mm increase of the aorta was observed. A re-entry tear in left external iliac artery(EIA) was perfusing the false lumen in a retrograde fashion connecting with the endoleak caused by the inferior mesenteric artery and lumbar arteries...
November 26, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890847/fenestrated-and-branched-stent-grafting-in-complex-aneurysmatic-aortic-disease-a-single-center-early-experience
#9
Georgios D Vourliotakis, Vasileios D Tzilalis, Panagiotis G Theodoridis, Charalampos S Stoumpos, Dimitrios G Kamvysis, Giannis G Kantounakis
PURPOSE: To present our early experience and highlight the technical difficulties associated with the use of fenestrated and branched stent-grafts to treat patients with juxta-, para-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA). METHODS: A prospectively held database maintained at our department, was queried for patients who have undergone branched and fenestrated stent-grafting for AAA or TAAA treatment. Indication for repair, co-morbidity precluding open repair, technical challenges associated with the repair, as well as operative mortality, morbidity and re-intervention rate were evaluated...
November 24, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890843/total-endovascular-aortic-repair-in-a-patient-with-marfan-syndrome
#10
Mau Amako, Rafaëlle Spear, Rachel E Clough, Adrien Hertault, Richard Azzaoui, Teresa Martin Gonzalez, Jonathan Sobocinski, Stéphan Haulon
OBJECTIVE: To describe a total endovascular aortic repair with branched and fenestrated endografts in a young patient with Marfan syndrome and a chronic aortic dissection. Open surgery is the gold standard to treat aortic dissections in patients with aortic disease and Marfan syndrome. METHODS: In 2000, a 38-year-old man with Marfan syndrome underwent open ascending aorta repair for an acute type A aortic dissection. One year later, a redo sternotomy was performed for aortic valve replacement...
November 24, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879614/getting-a-better-look-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-versus-transdiaphragmatic-pericardial-window-for-penetrating-thoracoabdominal-trauma-at-a-level-i-trauma-center
#11
Jamie E Anderson, Edgardo S Salcedo, Kacie M Rounds, Joseph M Galante
BACKGROUND: In penetrating thoracoabdominal trauma, it is necessary to evaluate both the pericardial fluid and the diaphragm directly. Transdiaphragmatic pericardial windows (TDWs) provide direct access to the pericardium and diaphragm but expose the patient to the risks of laparotomy. We hypothesize that transabdominal laparoscopic pericardial windows (LPWs) are a safe and effective alternative to TDWs in stable patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of stable patients with thoracoabdominal penetrating trauma at a level I trauma center between January 2007 and June 2015, comparing outcomes after TDW versus LPW...
December 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876524/lower-extremity-weakness-is-associated-with-elevated-blood-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-glucose-levels-following-multibranched-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#12
Jade S Hiramoto, Charlene Fernandez, Warren Gasper, Shant Vartanian, Linda Reilly, Timothy Chuter
OBJECTIVE: Hyperglycemia is associated with worsened clinical outcomes after central nervous system injury. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between lower extremity weakness (LEW) and the glucose levels of blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients undergoing multibranched endovascular aneurysm repair (MBEVAR) of thoracoabdominal and pararenal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Blood and CSF samples were collected preoperatively, immediately after aneurysm repair, and on postoperative day 1 in 21 patients undergoing MBEVAR...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867441/the-role-of-computed-tomography-in-the-diagnostics-of-diaphragmatic-injury-after-blunt-thoraco-abdominal-trauma
#13
Agata Gmachowska, Ryszard Pacho, Agnieszka Anysz-Grodzicka, Leopold Bakoń, Maria Gorycka, Wawrzyniec Jakuczun, Waldemar Patkowski
BACKGROUND: Diaphragmatic injuries occur in 0.8-8% of patients with blunt trauma. The clinical diagnosis of diaphragmatic rupture is difficult and may be overshadowed by associated injuries. Diaphragmatic rupture does not resolve spontaneously and may cause life-threatening complications. The aim of this study was to present radiological findings in patients with diaphragmatic injury. MATERIAL/METHODS: The analysis of computed tomography examinations performed between 2007 and 2012 revealed 200 patients after blunt thoraco-abdominal trauma...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866781/endovascular-repair-of-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysms-using-fenestrated-and-branched-endografts
#14
Gustavo S Oderich, Mauricio Ribeiro, Leonardo Reis de Souza, Jan Hofer, Jean Wigham, Stephen Cha
PURPOSE: The study purpose was to review the outcomes of patients treated for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms using endovascular repair with fenestrated and branched stent-grafts in a single center. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical data of the first 185 consecutive patients (134 male; mean age, 75 ± 7 years) treated for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms using fenestrated and branched stent-grafts. Graft design evolved from physician-modified endografts (2007-2013) to off-the-shelf or patient-specific manufactured devices in patients enrolled in a prospective physician-sponsored investigational device exemption protocol (NCT 1937949 and 2089607)...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864461/endovascular-repair-of-postdissection-aneurysms-involving-the-thoracoabdominal-aorta
#15
Stéphan Haulon, Dominique Fabre, Jonathan Sobocinski, Rachel E Clough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847997/benefit-of-iodine-density-images-to-reduce-out-of-field-image-artifacts-at-rapid-kvp-switching-dual-energy-ct
#16
Brandan Dotson, Jack W Lambert, Zhen J Wang, Yuxin Sun, Michael A Ohliger, Sebastian Winklhofer, Benjamin M Yeh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the reduction of out-of-field artifacts caused by body parts outside the field of view (FOV) at rapid kVp switching dual-energy CT (rsDECT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by our institutional review board. Informed consent was not required. We viewed 246 consecutive rsDECT thoracoabdominal scans to identify those with body parts outside the maximal FOV of 50 cm. The maximal length, thickness, and subjective severity of the out-of-field artifacts were recorded for the 40, 65, and 140 keV virtual monochromatic and iodine and water density images...
November 16, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823595/status-of-branched-grafts-for-thoracic-aortic-arch-endovascular-repair
#17
REVIEW
W Anthony Lee
The aortic arch is one of the most anatomically complex segments of the thoracoabdominal aorta due the plurality of vital branch configurations, intrinsic and highly variable three-dimensional curvature, and involvement in a variety of thoracic aortic pathologies, such as aneurysmal degeneration, penetrating ulcer, and media wall dissection. Pathologies that extend the repair proximal to the left common carotid artery require more complex branch vessel management beyond a carotid-subclavian bypass. This article will review the current status of branched aortic arch endografts...
March 2016: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823594/off-the-shelf-fenestrated-and-branched-stent-graft-designs-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#18
REVIEW
Bernardo C Mendes, Animesh Rathore, Mauricio S Ribeiro, Gustavo S Oderich
Endovascular repair of pararenal and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms with fenestrated and branched stent grafts has been increasingly utilized with high technical success and low morbidity and mortality. Freedom from branch-related events has been reported at 89% in 5 years, including any branch-related endoleak, stenosis, kink, disconnection, or occlusion. Patient-specific stent grafts have the advantage of fitting patients' anatomy, but require a 6- to 8-week period for customization. Off-the-shelf stent grafts have been developed based on a relative predictability of renal-mesenteric vessels...
March 2016: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822031/effects-of-aerobic-training-combined-with-respiratory-muscle-stretching-on-the-functional-exercise-capacity-and-thoracoabdominal-kinematics-in-patients-with-copd-a-randomized-and-controlled-trial
#19
Juliano T Wada, Erickson Borges-Santos, Desiderio Cano Porras, Denise M Paisani, Alberto Cukier, Adriana C Lunardi, Celso Rf Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Patients with COPD present a major recruitment of the inspiratory muscles, predisposing to chest incoordination, increasing the degree of dyspnea and impairing their exercise capacity. Stretching techniques could decrease the respiratory muscle activity and improve their contractile capacity; however, the systemic effects of stretching remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of aerobic training combined with respiratory muscle stretching on functional exercise capacity and thoracoabdominal kinematics in patients with COPD...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819805/type-iiib-endoleak-associated-with-an-infected-thoracoabdominal-endograft
#20
Nathan T Orr, Michael A Winkler, Eleftherios S Xenos
We present a 63-year-old male patient who presented with vague abdominal pain after an endoluminal thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair. He was found to have an infected endograft and an associated type IIIb endoleak. We believe that the infection contributed to the fabric degradation along the endograft and resulted in an expanding endoleak. Graft explantation was not performed because of the patient's multiple comorbidities, and the endoleak was treated with an additional stent graft and suppressive antibiotics...
September 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
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