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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25507116/characterization-of-comorbid-factors-in-hip-fracture-related-in-hospital-mortality
#1
M Athar, P O'Loughlin, A Mitra, J Harty
It is important to delineate factors which influence in-hospital mortality rates following a hip fracture. The current study aimed to identify the nature and frequency of comorbidities prevalent in this patient cohort. A retrospective chart review of cases of in-patient mortality following admission for a hip fracture was performed. These cases (n=127) were characterized for comorbidities, complications, medical status indicators, and other contributory factors. Cardiovascular 104 (81.9%), respiratory 66 (52...
October 2014: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25417388/characterization-of-comorbid-factors-in-hip-fracture-related-in-hospital-mortality
#2
M Athar, P O'Loughlin, A Mitra, J Harty
It is important to delineate factors which influence in-hospital mortality rates following a hip fracture. The current study aimed to identify the nature and frequency of comorbidities prevalent in this patient cohort. A retrospective chart review of cases of in-patient mortality following admission for a hip fracture was performed. These cases (n=127) were characterized for comorbidities, complications, medical status indicators, and other contributory factors. Cardiovascular 104 (81.9%), respiratory 66 (52...
October 2014: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24097742/incidence-of-congenital-heart-disease-in-tertiary-care-hospital
#3
G S Shah, M K Singh, T R Pandey, B K Kalakheti, G P Bhandari
Aims and Objectives: The present study was under taken to determine the spectrum, clinical profile and outcome of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) admitted to a tertiary care hospital. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective, observational hospital based study conducted during January 2006 to December 2006. Out of 14461 admissions, 84 were cases of CHD. Only patients with echocardiographic proof of CHD were included in the study. Detailed clinical and laboratory findings and outcome of all cases were noted in pre-structured formats...
January 2008: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23134911/maternal-and-foetal-risk-factor-and-complication-with-immediate-outcome-during-hospital-stay-of-very-low-birth-weight-babies
#4
M A Mannan, N Jahan, S K Dey, M F Uddin, S Ahmed
This prospective study was done to find out the maternal and foetal risk factors and complications during hospital stay. It was conducted in Special Care Neonatal Unit (SCANU), Department of Child Health, Bangabandhu Memorial Hospital (BBMH), University of Science and Technology Chittagong (USTC) from1st October 2001 to 30th March 2002 and cases were 35 very low birth weight (VLBW) newborns. Common complications of VLBW babies of this series were frequent apnea (40%), Septicemia (25.71%), Hypothermia (17.14%), NEC (14...
October 2012: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22389817/dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-in-the-cavernous-sinus-clinical-research-and-treatment
#5
Akira Kurata, Sachio Suzuki, Kazuhisa Iwamoto, Kuniaki Nakahara, Makoto Sasaki, Chihiro Kijima, Madoka Inukai, Katsutoshi Abe, Jun Niki, Kimitoshi Satou, Kiyotaka Fujii, Shinichi Kan
Introduction. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the clinical course, with the dural carotid cavernous fistula (CCF), featuring a pallet of symptoms, paying special attention to radiological findings. Methods. Seventy-six consecutive patients with dural CCFs were investigated in detail, all of whom were defined by angiography. Results. The most common initial symptom was diplopia in 47 patients (62%) and the most frequently observed on arrival were type II, featuring cranial nerve palsies followed by the classical triad in 27, and then type I only with cranial nerve palsies...
2011: ISRN Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21787161/does-early-initiation-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-affect-outcome-experience-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#6
Hemender S Vats, Richard A Dart, Tomasz R Okon, Hong Liang, Emil P Paganini
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring dialysis commonly occurs in critically ill patients and is associated with high mortality. Factors impacting outcomes of individuals with AKI who underwent continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), including early versus late initiation and duration of CRRT, were examined. METHODS: Survival and recovery of renal function for patients with AKI in the intensive care unit were retrospectively examined over a 7-year period...
2011: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20459998/anaemia-among-patients-with-congestive-cardiac-failure-in-uganda-its-impact-on-treatment-outcomes
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Julius Kabbali Kuule, Emmanuel Seremba, Juergen Freers
BACKGROUND: Anaemia increases morbidity and mortality in patients with congestive cardiac failure (CCF). Few studies have examined the prevalence of anaemia and its impact among patients with CCF in sub-Saharan Africa. We assessed the prevalence of anaemia and its influence on treatment outcome in patients with CCF attending a large referral hospital in Kampala, Uganda. METHODS: Echocardiography was done and haemoglobin levels were determined in 157 patients with CCF admitted to Mulago Hospital...
December 2009: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19774215/pattern-of-heart-failure-in-a-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#8
Arthur C Onwuchekwa, Godspower E Asekomeh
BACKGROUND: Congestive cardiac failure (CCF) has emerged as a major public health problem worldwide and imposes an escalating burden on the health care system. OBJECTIVE: To determine the causes and mortality rate of CCF in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH), south Nigeria, over a five-year period from January 2001 to December 2005. METHODS: A retrospective study of CCF cases were identified from the admission and discharge register of the medical wards of UPTH and the case notes were retrieved from the medical records department and analyzed...
2009: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18604112/incidence-of-congenital-heart-disease-in-tertiary-care-hospital
#9
G S Shah, M K Singh, T R Pandey, B K Kalakheti, G P Bhandari
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present study was under taken to determine the spectrum, clinical profile and outcome of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) admitted to a tertiary care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, observational hospital based study conducted during January 2006 to December 2006. Out of 14461 admissions, 84 were cases of CHD. Only patients with echocardiographic proof of CHD were included in the study. Detailed clinical and laboratory findings and outcome of all cases were noted in pre-structured formats...
January 2008: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18072418/acute-renal-failure-post-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-at-the-university-hospital-of-the-west-indies
#10
R Smith, M Scarlett, A K Soyibo, P Ramphal, R Irvine, E N Barton
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine the period prevalence of acute renal failure (ARF) after coronary bypass surgery (CABG) at the University Hospital of the West Indies and to identify risk factors. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent CABG during the period 1994-2004 was done. Data collected included; age, gender, weight, the presence of hypertension (HTN), diabetes mellitus (DM), hypercholesterolaemia, previous myocardial infarction (MI), blood pressure on admission, urea and creatinine one year prior to surgery, on admission for surgery and post-surgery, duration of intra-operative hypotension, duration of cardiopulmonary bypass, perfusion pressure and the perioperative medications...
June 2007: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17716499/echocardiographic-chest-x-ray-and-electrocardiogram-findings-in-children-presenting-with-heart-failure-to-a-ugandan-paediatric-ward
#11
John Ellis, Rob Martin, Peter Wilde, Andy Tometzki, Jude Senkungu, Denis Nansera
The aim of this study was to describe the aetiology of congestive cardiac failure (CCF) in children with suspected structural abnormalities presenting to a regional hospital in southwestern Uganda. The method used was a prospective descriptive study of successive admissions of children with persistent cardiac signs after routine treatment of CCF. Children with severe anaemia (haemoglobin [Hb]<7 g/dL), pneumonia, sepsis or severe malnutrition were excluded. Chest X-ray, electrocardiogram and echocardiography data were validated by a paediatric cardiologist and radiologist at the Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, UK...
July 2007: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17598329/clinical-profile-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-elderly-prospective-study
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M P Holay, A Janbandhu, A Javahirani, M S Pandharipande, S D Suryawanshi
BACKGROUND: Heart disease is the leading cause of hospitalization and death in elderly patients. The role of conventional cardiovascular risk factors in older persons is incompletely understood because only fragmentary and inadequate data are available in most instances and the manifestations of acute myocardial infarction are generally believed to be atypical in the elderly. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the risk factors, clinical features, outcomes in AMI in Elderly (>60 years) and to compare the same with the young subjects (<60 years) and to study the various complications in 30 days follow up...
March 2007: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17341271/the-associations-between-air-quality-and-the-number-of-hospital-admissions-for-acute-pain-and-sickle-cell-disease-in-an-urban-environment
#13
Deborah Yallop, Edward R Duncan, Elizabeth Norris, Gary W Fuller, Nikki Thomas, Joan Walters, Moira C Dick, Susan E Height, Swee L Thein, David C Rees
The clinical severity of sickle-cell disease (SCD) is dependent on genetic and environmental variables. Environmental factors have been poorly studied. We have investigated possible links between air pollution and acute pain in SCD. We retrospectively studied the numbers of daily admissions with acute sickle-cell pain to King's College Hospital, London, in relation to local daily air quality measurements. We analysed 1047 admissions over 1400 d (1st January 1998-31st October 2001). Time series analysis was performed using the cross-correlation function (CCF)...
March 2007: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17166931/current-trends-in-the-prevalence-and-aetiology-of-childhood-congestive-cardiac-failure-in-sagamu
#14
A F Adekanmbi, T A Ogunlesi, A O Olowu, M B Fetuga
Congestive cardiac failure (CCF) is a common paediatric emergency with diverse aetiologies. The objective of this study is to define the current prevalence rate and common causes of CCF among children hospitalized in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital. The study was prospectively done over a 1-year period in the Paediatric Wards of the hospital. Consecutive children aged 0-14 years, who fulfilled the standard diagnostic criteria for CCF were recruited. Data obtained from them included the age, sex, duration of illness and the socioeconomic status of the parents...
April 2007: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17116181/mortality-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-and-heart-disease-in-a-unique-new-zealand-population
#15
G D Kerr, G D Gamble, R N Doughty, D Simmons, J Baker
AIMS: To determine rate and predictors of mortality in patients with Type 2 diabetes living in a population with a large proportion of Maori and Pacific peoples who were admitted to hospital with myocardial infarction (MI) or congestive cardiac failure (CCF). METHODS: The study population included 4193 individuals with Type 2 diabetes who lived in South Auckland and who participated in a primary care audit between 1994 and 1999. We studied a subgroup of 319 patients who subsequently had a hospital admission for MI or CCF between 1999 and 2001...
December 2006: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17032384/statin-use-is-independently-associated-with-smaller-infarct-volume-in-nonlacunar-mca-territory-stroke
#16
Steven J Shook, Rishi Gupta, Nirav A Vora, Andrew L Tievsky, Irene Katzan, Derk W Krieger
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown an association between HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) and improved stroke outcomes, possibly secondary to neuroprotective properties. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether patients taking statins prior to ischemic stroke have smaller infarcts on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), adjusting for other relevant clinical factors. DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the Cleveland Clinic Foundation (CCF) Neurology Inpatient Database from June 2002 through June 2004...
October 2006: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16460382/differences-in-the-features-of-aspiration-pneumonia-according-to-site-of-acquisition-community-or-continuing-care-facility
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
M Reza Shariatzadeh, Jane Q Huang, Thomas J Marrie
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of aspiration pneumonia and to compare the features and risk factors for this entity in patients from continuing care facilities (CCFs) and the community who were admitted to the hospital with pneumonia. DESIGN: Prospective population-based study. SETTING: Six hospitals in Capital Health Region (Edmonton), Alberta, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand nine hundred forty-six adults admitted with pneumonia...
February 2006: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15708655/-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-in-rehabilitation-and-chronic-care-facilities-what-is-the-best-strategy
#18
REVIEW
P Minary-Dohen, N Floret, P Bailly, R Dohen, X Bertrand, D Talon
BACKGROUND: The risk associated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been decreasing for several years in intensive care departments, but is now increasing in rehabilitation and chronic-care-facilities (R-CCF). The aim of this study was to use published data and our own experience to discuss the roles of screening for MRSA carriers, the type of isolation to be implemented and the efficiency of chemical decontamination. DISCUSSION: Screening identifies over 90% of patients colonized with MRSA upon admission to R-CCF versus only 50% for intensive care units...
March 2005: Pathologie-biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15519262/reduction-in-hospitalization-rates-following-cardiac-resynchronisation-therapy-in-cardiac-failure-experience-from-a-single-centre
#19
Lana J Dixon, J Gerry Murtagh, S Geoff Richardson, Eng Wooi Chew
AIMS: Frequent, lengthy hospital admissions for congestive cardiac failure (CCF) result in excessive health care costs. Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is a novel treatment option for patients with CCF and associated cardiac conduction defects. We investigated whether CRT resulted in significant improvements in New York Heart Association (NYHA) symptom class, exercise tolerance, and hospitalization rates in such patients. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients who underwent CRT in a single centre were studied, with NYHA symptom class, exercise tolerance and hospitalization rates noted in the 12 months prior to and following CRT...
November 2004: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15311346/non-epileptic-seizures-of-the-elderly
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Christoph Kellinghaus, Tobias Loddenkemper, Dudley S Dinner, Deepak Lachhwani, Hans O L├╝ders
OBJECTIVE: To characterize non-epileptic seizures (NES) in the elderly and compare their features with NES of a younger control group. METHODS: The database of the epilepsy monitoring unit of the Cleveland Clinic Foundation (CCF) was searched for patients aged 60 years and older having undergone long-term video-/EEG monitoring between 1994 and 2002, with the subsequent diagnosis of NES. Videotapes of all events were evaluated by independent observers. NES were classified based on the clinical manifestations recorded on video, EEG and imaging data, and compared with a control group of younger adults with NES...
June 2004: Journal of Neurology
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