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Cardiovascular perioperative evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931379/-evidence-of-the-mini-one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-for-being-a-standard-procedure-in-obesity-and-metabolic-surgery
#1
REVIEW
S Chiappetta, R Weiner
BACKGROUND: The Mini gastric bypass/One anastomosis gastric bypass (MGB/OAGB) was the third most commonly performed procedure in Germany, with 13.9% of all obesity and metabolic procedures in 2017 (StuDoQ|MBE). OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the currently published evidence for MGB/OAGB and the historical evidence on one anastomosis reconstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE via PubMed and in Clinicaltrials...
June 21, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926240/cerebral-oximetry-for-cardiac-surgery-a-preoperative-comparison-of-device-characteristics-and-pitfalls-in-interpretation
#2
Kensuke Kobayashi, Tadashi Kitamura, Satoshi Kohira, Shinzo Torii, Toshiaki Mishima, Hirotoki Ohkubo, Yuki Tanaka, Akihiro Sasahara, Takuma Fukunishi, Yuki Ohtomo, Rihito Horikoshi, Yuta Murai, Kagami Miyaji
Regional cerebral oximetry using near-infrared spectroscopy devices is commonly used for detecting cerebral ischemia during cardiopulmonary bypass, and aim to avoid poor cerebral perfusion which may result in perioperative neurological impairment. Today, several devices that can detect cerebral ischemia are commercially available. Although these devices operate on the same measurement principles, their algorithms for detecting and calculating cerebral ischemia are different and no criteria for directly comparing values measured by such different devices exist...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914832/quantification-of-aortic-shagginess-as-a-predictive-factor-of-perioperative-stroke-and-long-term-prognosis-after-endovascular-treatment-of-aortic-arch-disease
#3
Akihiro Hosaka, Manabu Motoki, Masaaki Kato, Hiroko Sugai, Nobukazu Okubo
OBJECTIVE: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) with supra-aortic debranching has recently been introduced as a treatment option for aortic arch disease. Although less invasive than open repair, TEVAR is associated with a risk of perioperative embolic stroke due to dislodgment of atherosclerotic plaque debris, especially in individuals with atheromatous degeneration of the aortic lumen. It is difficult to determine atheroma vulnerability, and there is no current method for predicting the risk of atheroembolism...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885205/does-an-extreme-age-%C3%A2-80-years-affect-outcomes-in-patients-after-liver-cancer-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Fangqiang Wei
BACKGROUND: Increasing global life expectancy has resulted in a greater demand for cancer surgery in aged patients. However, whether extreme age causes poorer clinical outcomes remains unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the impact of extreme age (≥80 years) on outcomes in patients after liver cancer surgery. METHODS: A systematic search was performed to enrol relevant studies. Data were analysed using fixed-effects or random-effects models. Eight retrospective studies involving 253 participants older than 80 years were included...
June 9, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870383/clinical-outcomes-and-prognosis-markers-of-patients-with-liver-disease-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#5
Gabriela Tirado-Conte, Josep Rodés-Cabau, Ramón Rodríguez-Olivares, Marco Barbanti, Thibault Lhermusier, Ignacio Amat-Santos, Stefan Toggweiler, Asim N Cheema, Antonio J Muñoz-García, Vicenc Serra, Francesca Giordana, Gabriela Veiga, Pilar Jiménez-Quevedo, Francisco Campelo-Parada, Lucca Loretz, Denise Todaro, María Del Trigo, José M Hernández-García, Bruno García Del Blanco, Francesco Bruno, José M de la Torre Hernández, Pieter Stella, Corrado Tamburino, Carlos Macaya, Luis Nombela-Franco
BACKGROUND: Chronic liver disease is a known risk factor for perioperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Very little data exist about such patients treated with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Our objective was to evaluate early and late clinical outcomes in a large cohort of patients with liver disease undergoing TAVR and to determine predictive factors of mortality among these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicenter study collected data from 114 patients with chronic liver disease who underwent TAVR in 12 institutions...
March 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868129/validation-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-risk-calculator-for-preoperative-risk-stratification
#6
Ma Krizia Camille Yap, Kevin Francis Ang, Lea Arceli Gonzales-Porciuncula, Evelyn Esposo
Objective: Various risk prediction models are available to stratify patients before non-cardiac surgery and pave the way for anticipative and preventive measures. The American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) Surgical Risk Calculator is an extensive tool that predicts the risk for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and other perioperative outcomes. This study validated the calculator in a Filipino population and compared its predictive ability with the more widely used Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI)...
2018: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850426/complications-of-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-of-the-thoracic-and-abdominal-aorta-evaluation-and-management
#7
REVIEW
Dania Daye, T Gregory Walker
In recent decades, endovascular aneurysm repair or endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) has become an acceptable alternative to open surgery for the treatment of thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms and other aortic pathologies such as the acute aortic syndromes (e.g., penetrating aortic ulcer, intramural hematoma, dissection). Available data suggest that endovascular repair is associated with lower perioperative 30-day all-cause mortality as well as a significant reduction in perioperative morbidity when compared to open surgery...
April 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800310/metabolic-risk-profile-in-kidney-transplant-candidates-and-recipients
#8
Giovanni Piotti, Ilaria Gandolfini, Alessandra Palmisano, Umberto Maggiore
Metabolic risk factors of cardiovascular disease such as abnormal glucose regulation, obesity and metabolic syndrome, dyslipidaemia, metabolic bone disease, hyperuricaemia and other less traditional abnormalities are common in both kidney transplant candidates and recipients. In kidney transplant candidates, the presence of these risk factors may impede patient access to transplantation by increasing the risk of developing comorbidities while on the waiting list, prolonging the time to wait-listing and, in some patients, eventually jeopardizing their suitability for kidney transplantation or increasing the risk of severe perioperative complications...
May 25, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753563/critical-appraisal-of-the-2018-acc-scientific-sessions-late-breaking-trials-from-a-statistician-s-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Stuart J Pocock, Tim J Collier
The late-breaking clinical trials presentations at the American College of Cardiology Scientific Sessions in March 2018 are an important contribution to the field of cardiology. This paper presents a constructive critical appraisal of 7 key studies: ODYSSEY OUTCOMES (Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcomes After an Acute Coronary Syndrome During Treatment With Alirocumab), VEST (Vest Prevention of Early Sudden Death Trial), SECURE-PCI (Statins Evaluation in Coronary Procedures and Revascularization), TREAT (Ticagrelor in Patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction treated with Pharmacological Thrombolysis), POISE (PeriOperative ISchemic Evaluation), SMART-DATE (Safety of 6-Month Duration of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome), and CVD-REAL 2 (Comparative Effectiveness of Cardiovascular Outcomes in New Users of SGLT-2 Inhibitors)...
May 7, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749243/the-predictive-value-of-risk-indices-for-cardiac-complications-in-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#10
I P Canbolat, Y Erdogan, G Adali, O Kaplan, M Dayangac, Y Yuzer, Y Tokat
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) risk tool and Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI) are recommended tools for cardiovascular assessment before non-cardiac surgery to predict early postoperative cardiac morbidity and mortality. Their predictive value for postoperative cardiovascular morbidity and mortality after liver transplantation is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the validity of these two risk tools to predict early (30-day) cardiovascular complications and in-hospital all-cause mortality...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710128/association-of-timing-of-aortic-valve-replacement-surgery-after-stroke-with-risk-of-recurrent-stroke-and-mortality
#11
Charlotte Andreasen, Mads Emil Jørgensen, Gunnar H Gislason, Andreas Martinsson, Robert D Sanders, Jawdat Abdulla, Per Føge Jensen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Lars Køber, Charlotte Andersson
Importance: Timing of surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in patients with aortic valve stenosis and previous stroke for the risk of recurrent stroke is insufficiently investigated. Objective: To evaluate the association of time elapsed between previous stroke and SAVR with the risk of recurrent perioperative stroke, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), and mortality among patients with aortic valve stenosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study using data from Danish administrative registries included all patients with aortic valve stenosis older than 18 years who underwent SAVR between 1996 and 2014 (n = 14 030)...
April 25, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702994/a-case-report-regarding-general-anesthesia-management-of-a-patient-with-pulmonary-vein-stenosis-that-underwent-balloon-dilatation-and-stent-implantation
#12
Fangzhou Li, Guoyan Qiao, Peng Liang, Jin Liu
RATIONALE: Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a rare cardiovascular deformity that can lead to high mortality if left untreated. Patients frequently experience multiple complications such as hemoptysis, pulmonary hypertension, bronchial venous rupture and cardiac insufficiency. Currently, pulmonary vein stenosis balloon dilatation (stent implantation) is the only treatment, and this can be performed under local or general anesthesia. However, a case report on the general anesthesia management of PVS has not been previously reported...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693945/anestheic-management-of-a-patient-with-intravenous-leiomyomatosis-extending-into-the-right-atrium
#13
Moe Kodama, Maiko Honma, Keisuke Shibukawa, Yasuhiro Kamada, Shoji Yanagiya, Michiaki Yamakage
Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) is a condition in which leiomyoma originating from uterine myoma or intrauterine venous walls develops intravenously. A single-stage operation was planned by the departments of gynecology and cardiovascular surgery for a patient in which the IVL was extended across the tricuspid valve. It was possible to safely perform perioperative care with continued evaluation of the tumor position and intravascular volume through the use of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). TEE can be useful in the intraoperative care of patients with intracardiac tumor extension as in this case...
May 2017: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682533/bilateral-hip-arthroplasty-when-is-it-safe-to-operate-the-second-hip-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Meilyn Muskus, Jorge Rojas, Camilo Gutiérrez, Juan Guio, Guillermo Bonilla, Adolfo Llinás
Introduction: Patients with degenerative hip disease frequently present with bilateral involvement that requires surgical management. The main goal when treating these patients is to achieve the maximum efficiency without increasing risk of perioperative complications; therefore, the decision regarding the best moment to operate the second hip becomes relevant. Although studies have addressed this topic, whether a simultaneous or staged surgery should be performed remains controversial...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681567/recovery-of-endothelial-function-after-minor-to-moderate-surgery-is-impaired-by-diabetes-mellitus-obesity-hyperuricemia-and-sevoflurane-based-anesthesia
#15
Sachi Ohno, Atsushi Kohjitani, Masaaki Miyata, Akina Tohya, Kaoru Yamashita, Teruto Hashiguchi, Mitsuru Ohishi, Mitsutaka Sugimura
Endothelial dysfunction is observed in several cardiovascular diseases, where endothelium-dependent vasodilation is impaired by oxidative stress. However, the time course of endothelial function during the perioperative period of a minor-to-moderate surgery, and the effects of atherosclerotic risk factors and employed general anesthetics on recovery of endothelial function, are unknown. Endothelial function of 30 patients was evaluated as the reactive hyperemia index (RHI) of reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry...
May 30, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676780/retrospective-evaluation-of-a-restrictive-transfusion-strategy-in-older-adults-with-hip-fracture
#16
Lorene Zerah, Lucile Dourthe, Judith Cohen-Bittan, Marc Verny, Mathieu Raux, Anthony Mézière, Frédéric Khiami, Cendrine Tourette, Christian Neri, Yannick Le Manach, Bruno Riou, Hélène Vallet, Jacques Boddaert
OBJECTIVES: To compare the association between a restrictive transfusion strategy and cardiovascular complications during hospitalization for hip fracture with the association between a liberal transfusion strategy and cardiovascular complications, accounting for all transfusions from the emergency department to postacute rehabilitation settings. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Perioperative geriatric care unit. PARTICIPANTS: All individuals aged 70 and older admitted to the emergency department for hip fracture and hospitalized in our perioperative geriatric care unit (N=667; n=193 in the liberal transfusion group, n=474 in the restrictive transfusion group) from July 2009 to April 2016...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658678/emergency-surgery-for-bowel-obstruction-in-extremely-aged-patients
#17
Alberto Oldani, Valentina Gentile, Chiara Magaton, Marcello Calabrò, Fabio Maroso, Lidia Ravizzini, Giacomo Deiro, Maurizio Amato, Sergio Gentilli
BACKGROUND: As a result of the increasing of life expectancy, the incidence of pathologies that can lead to operation for bowel obstruction is also increasing. Comorbidities and reduced physiological reserve can decrease elderly patients' ability to tolerate operations especially in an emergency context. We retrospectively evaluated the treatment and outcomes of a cohort of patients aged more than 85 years who underwent emergency surgery for intestinal occlusion. METHODS: 278 patients who were admitted to our Institution and operated for acute bowel obstruction have been included in our study...
April 13, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618572/influence-of-diabetes-on-trends-in-perioperative-cardiovascular-events
#18
Jonathan D Newman, Tanya Wilcox, Nathaniel R Smilowitz, Jeffrey S Berger
OBJECTIVE: Patients undergoing noncardiac surgery frequently have diabetes mellitus (DM) and an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease. It is unknown whether temporal declines in the frequency of perioperative major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) apply to patients with DM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients ≥45 years of age who underwent noncardiac surgery from January 2004 to December 2013 were identified using the U.S. National Inpatient Sample...
June 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610608/pharmacotherapy-evaluation-and-utilization-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-patients-in-kosovo-during-the-period-2016-2017
#19
Armond Daci, Adnan Bozalija, Raif Cavolli, Rame Alaj, Giangiacomo Beretta, Shaip Krasniqi
BACKGROUND: Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is realised in patients with critical or advanced disease of coronary arteries. There are different pharmacotherapeutic approaches which are used as management, treatment and preventive therapy in cardiovascular disease or related comorbidities. Performing a successful surgery, pharmacotherapy, and increase of bypass patency rate remains a serious challenge. AIM: This study aims to analyse the patient characteristics undergoing CABG and evaluation of their drug utilisation rate and daily dosages in the perioperative period...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598850/evaluation-of-risk-factors-for-complications-after-bariatric-surgery
#20
D Quilliot, M-A Sirveaux, C Nomine-Criqui, T Fouquet, N Reibel, L Brunaud
The decision to perform a bariatric surgical procedure, the conclusion of a clinical pathway in which management is individually adapted to each patient, is taken after multidisciplinary consultation. Paradoxically, the patients who would most benefit from surgery are also those who have the highest operative risk. In practice, predictive factors of mortality and severe postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo>III) must be used to evaluate the benefit/risk ratio most objectively. The main risk factors are age, male gender, body mass index, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, insulin resistance and diabetes, tobacco abuse, cardiovascular disease, ability to lose weight before surgery, hypoalbuminemia and functional disability...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
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