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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161759/asymmetry-during-functional-movement-screening-and-injury-risk-in-junior-football-players-a-replication-study
#1
Samuel Chalmers, Thomas A Debenedictis, Andrew Zacharia, Samuel Townsley, Cara Gleeson, Matthew Lynagh, Alex Townsley, Joel T Fuller
An indicator of movement quality and potential injury risk during Functional Movement Screen (FMS) testing is the presence of asymmetry when comparing the left and right sides of the body. The aim of the study was to investigate the reproducibility of the injury risk model proposed in our previous research (Chalmers et al. 2017; derivation study) that showed an increased injury risk for elite junior Australian football players demonstrating ≥2 asymmetrical FMS sub-tests. We used a direct replication design...
November 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161633/urinary-concentrations-of-biomarkers-of-phthalates-and-phthalate-alternatives-and-ivf-outcomes
#2
Ronit Machtinger, Audrey J Gaskins, Catherine Racowsky, Abdallah Mansur, Michal Adir, Andrea A Baccarelli, Antonia M Calafat, Russ Hauser
Phthalates are a class of chemicals found in a large variety of consumer products. Available experimental and limited human data show adverse effects of some phthalates on ovarian function, which has raised concerns regarding potential effects on fertility. The aim of the current study was to determine whether urinary concentrations of metabolites of phthalates and phthalate alternatives are associated with intermediate and clinical in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes. We enrolled 136 women undergoing IVF in a Tertiary University Affiliated Hospital...
November 18, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161626/the-effect-of-augmented-somatosensory-feedback-on-standing-postural-sway
#3
Angela Smalley, Scott C White, Robert Burkard
Impaired balance resulting from reduced postural control occurs with aging and various medical conditions. Sensory input for balance control is provided by the visual, vestibular and somatosensory systems. Previous research suggests that increased proprioceptive feedback from various lower extremity devices improves balance. Mixed results have been reported with the use of orthoses such as ankle foot orthoses (AFOs). In this study, 20 healthy subjects wore footplates in their shoes or straps around their lower legs in order to imitate the somatosensory feedback produced by wearing AFOs, but without providing ankle restriction...
November 14, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161535/effect-of-dedicated-lactation-support-services-on-breastfeeding-outcomes-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-neonates
#4
Sharareh Gharib, Molly Fletcher, Richard Tucker, Betty Vohr, Beatrice E Lechner
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with major benefits for high-risk infants born prematurely, yet this population faces significant challenges to breastfeeding. Lactation services provide successful interventions, yet the impact of lactation services on breastfeeding outcomes in preterm infants is understudied. Research aim: The provision of full-time lactation support in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) will improve quantitative breastfeeding measures in premature infants...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161419/incidence-of-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-recurrence-in-patients-discharged-in-sinus-rhythm-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Nicole Lowres, Georgina Mulcahy, Kai Jin, Robyn Gallagher, Lis Neubeck, Ben Freedman
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is associated with increased stroke risk and mortality post-discharge. POAF is often considered transient; however, recurrence is likely under-recognized as symptoms are an unreliable guide. Surveillance post-discharge may identify asymptomatic POAF recurrences in patients discharged in sinus rhythm. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating POAF recurrence post-discharge, in patients with new-onset POAF following cardiac surgery who reverted to sinus rhythm prior to discharge...
November 17, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161394/managing-anaesthetic-provision-for-global-disasters
#6
R M Craven
The numbers of people affected by large-scale disasters has increased in recent decades. Disasters produce a huge burden of surgical morbidity at a time when the affected country is least able to respond. For this reason an international disaster response is often required. For many years this disaster response was not coordinated. The response consisted of what was available not what was needed and standards of care varied widely producing a healthcare lottery for the affected population. In recent years the World Health organisation has initiated the Emergency Medical Team programme to coordinate the response to disasters and set minimum standards for responding teams...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161389/innovations-in-management-of-cardiac-disease-drugs-treatment-strategies-and-technology
#7
P Foëx
Within the last generation, the management of patients with heart disease has been transformed by advances in drug treatments, interventions and diagnostic technologies. The management of arterial hypertension saw beta-blockers demoted from first- to third-line treatment. Recent studies suggest that the goal of treatment may have to change to lower systolic blood pressures to prevent long-term organ damage. Today less than 15% of coronary revascularizations are surgical and more than 85% are done by interventional cardiologists inserting coronary stents...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161336/efficacy-of-electrical-stimulation-of-the-occipital-nerve-in-intractable-primary-headache-disorders-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses
#8
Robert T Cadalso, John Daugherty, Caron Holmes, Saravanan Ram, Reyes Enciso
AIMS: To determine the efficacy of occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) in reducing the intensity, duration, and frequency of medically intractable primary headaches. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out by searching three electronic databases: the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE via PubMed, and Web of Science. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and case series were eligible for inclusion. RCTs were assessed for quality of evidence by using the Cochrane Risk of Bias and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) tools...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161059/american-doctors-at-the-nuremberg-medical-trial
#9
Evelyne Shuster
Three Hippocratic physicians played critical roles in the prosecution of 23 Nazi doctors charged with murder and torture for conducting lethal medical experiments on concentration camp prisoners. Two of the physicians, Leopold Alexander and Andrew C. Ivy, were Americans, and the other, Werner Leibbrandt, was German. At the 70th anniversary of the Doctors' Trial it is fitting to recall the three's influences and contributions to the formulation of strict research ethics rules, known as the Nuremberg Code. Their contributions help us better understand why they insisted on strict research rules and yet ultimately were unable to apply these rules to their own research...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160843/public-and-healthcare-professionals-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-binge-eating-disorder-a-narrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Deborah Lynn Reas
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent binge eating and marked distress in the absence of inappropriate compensatory behaviors for weight control. BED is prevalent in men and women, is associated with elevated psychosocial and functional impairment, and is associated strongly with obesity and related medical comorbidities. The aim is to provide a brief, state-of-the-art review of the major and recent findings to inform educational and awareness campaigns, stigma reduction interventions, as well as current clinical practice and future research...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160831/a-novel-detection-method-of-human-serum-albumin-based-on-the-poly-thymine-templated-copper-nanoparticles
#11
Mingjian Chen, Xinying Xiang, Kefeng Wu, Hailun He, Hanchun Chen, Changbei Ma
In this work, we developed a facile fluorescence method for quantitative detection of human serum albumin (HSA) based on the inhibition of poly(thymine) (poly T)-templated copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) in the presence of HSA. Under normal circumstances, poly T-templated CuNPs can display strong fluorescence with excitation/emission peaks at 340/610 nm. However, in the presence of HSA, it will absorb cupric ion, which will prevent the formation of CuNPs. As a result, the fluorescence intensity will become obviously lower in the presence of HSA...
November 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160649/-performance-of-the-katex-test-in-screening-and-diagnosis-for-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-a-reference-hospital
#12
C Fernández-Roldán, J Rodríguez-Grangér, R Javier Martínez, M A López-Ruz, J M Navarro-Marí, J Gutiérrez-Fernández
OBJECTIVE: Performing of diagnostic test simple using samples not invasive in the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) may be very beneficial, being necessary comparing to traditional methods. The objective of this study was to know the reliability of test KAtex in the urine of patients with suspicion of VL. METHODS: Retrospectively were reviewed the medical histories of patients with suspected of VL to which are performed the test between 2009 and 2015. For its analysis were selected the patients to which is them had made study of the parasite in bone marrow...
November 21, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160600/current-evidence-of-cannabinoid-based-analgesia-obtained-in-preclinical-and-human-experimental-settings
#13
REVIEW
J Lötsch, I Weyer-Menkhoff, I Tegeder
Cannabinoids have a long record of recreational and medical use and become increasingly approved for pain therapy. This development is based on preclinical and human experimental research summarized in this review. Cannabinoid CB1 receptors are widely expressed throughout the nociceptive system. Their activation by endogenous or exogenous cannabinoids modulates the release of neurotransmitters. This is reflected in antinociceptive effects of cannabinoids in preclinical models of inflammatory, cancer and neuropathic pain, and by nociceptive hypersensitivity of cannabinoid receptor-deficient mice...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160596/chronic-pain-and-opioid-abuse-factors-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#14
Jermaine D Jones, Jonathan S Vogelman, Rachel Luba, Mudassir Mumtaz, Sandra D Comer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While research on the separate relationships between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and chronic pain, and HRQOL and opioid abuse has been sparse, even less work has investigated the factors associated with HRQOL in individuals who have both chronic pain and meet criteria for opioid use disorder. The data presented in this analysis should allow a better understanding the factors important to quality of life among this dual-diagnosed population. METHODS: Individuals with dual diagnoses of chronic pain and opioid use disorder were recruited for clinical research studies at Columbia University Medical Center...
November 21, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160511/the-importance-of-audiometric-monitoring-in-patients-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#15
Karla Anacleto de Vasconcelos, Silvana Maria Monte Coelho Frota, Antonio Ruffino-Netto, Afrânio Lineu Kritski
INTRODUCTION: A total of 771 cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) were reported in Brazil in 2014. Treatment of MDR-TB with aminoglycosides can produce serious side effects such as permanent and irreversible hearing loss, which occurs in 5-64% of cases, and severely compromise patient quality of life. The goal of this research was to evaluate auditory and vestibular side effects in patients treated for MDR-TB and to identify associations between these complaints and the type of aminoglycoside used...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160493/neonatal-appendicitis-a-survival-case-study
#16
Izabela Linha Secco, Taine Costa, Etiene Letícia Leone de Moraes, Márcia Helena de Souza Freire, Mitzy Tannia Reichembach Danski, Regina Paula Guimarães Vieira Cavalcante
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of neonatal appendicitis in a children's hospital in southern Brazil, demonstrating the impact on neonatal survival. METHOD: Case study with data collection from medical records, approved by the Institution and Ethics Committee for Research with Human Beings. RESULTS: The clinical picture is initially characterized by food intolerance, evolving to hypoactivity, alteration of vital signs and septicemia due to intestinal perforation...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160331/primum-non-nocere-or-primum-facere-meliorem-hacking-the-brain-in-the-21st-century
#17
Lucas Borrione, Andre R Brunoni
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that modulates cortical excitability. It is devoid of serious adverse events and exerts variable effects on cognition, with several research findings suggesting that it can improve memory, verbal and mathematical skills. Because tDCS devices are low-cost, portable and relatively easy to assemble, they have become available outside of the medical setting and used for non-medical ("cosmetic") purposes by laypersons. In this sense, tDCS has become a popular technique aiming to improve cognition and the achievement of a better performance not only at work, but also in other fields such as sports, leisure activities (video games) and even the military...
November 13, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160301/new-insights-into-the-pharmacogenomics-of-antidepressant-response-from-the-gendep-and-star-d-studies-rare-variant-analysis-and-high-density-imputation
#18
C Fabbri, K E Tansey, R H Perlis, J Hauser, N Henigsberg, W Maier, O Mors, A Placentino, M Rietschel, D Souery, G Breen, C Curtis, L Sang-Hyuk, S Newhouse, H Patel, M Guipponi, N Perroud, G Bondolfi, M O'Donovan, G Lewis, J M Biernacka, R M Weinshilboum, A Farmer, K J Aitchison, I Craig, P McGuffin, R Uher, C M Lewis
Genome-wide association studies have generally failed to identify polymorphisms associated with antidepressant response. Possible reasons include limited coverage of genetic variants that this study tried to address by exome genotyping and dense imputation. A meta-analysis of Genome-Based Therapeutic Drugs for Depression (GENDEP) and Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D) studies was performed at the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), gene and pathway levels. Coverage of genetic variants was increased compared with previous studies by adding exome genotypes to previously available genome-wide data and using the Haplotype Reference Consortium panel for imputation...
November 21, 2017: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160184/awareness-use-and-information-sources-of-folic-acid-supplementation-to-prevent-neural-tube-defects-in-pregnant-japanese-women
#19
Shumi Yamamoto, Yoshinao Wada
OBJECTIVE: Folic acid supplementation and folate-rich diets are recommended for women of childbearing age worldwide to prevent congenital anomalies. We aimed to determine the current status of folic acid supplementation among pregnant Japanese women and identify means to increase the intake of these supplements. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 1862 pregnant women who consulted the perinatal centre from September 2014 to December 2015 completed a questionnaire concerning knowledge about folic acid, sources of information and the use of folic acid supplements...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159943/retrospective-multicenter-study-of-leaving-the-placenta-in-situ-for-patients-with-placenta-previa-on-a-cesarean-scar
#20
Kei Miyakoshi, Toshimitsu Otani, Eiji Kondoh, Shintaro Makino, Mamoru Tanaka, Satoru Takeda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate maternal outcomes after leaving the placenta in situ for placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders in patients with placenta previa on a cesarean delivery scar. METHODS: The present retrospective study reviewed medical records from women with placenta previa on a cesarean scar underwent perinatal care at secondary- or tertiary-level perinatal centers in Japan between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2014. Perinatal management was conducted based on each leading obstetrician's discretion...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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