keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical Researcher

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222516/intelligent-assistive-technology-for-alzheimer-s-disease-and-other-dementias-a-systematic-review
#1
Marcello Ienca, Jotterand Fabrice, Bernice Elger, Maurizio Caon, Alessandro Scoccia Pappagallo, Reto W Kressig, Tenzin Wangmo
Intelligent assistive technologies (IATs) have the potential of offering innovative solutions to mitigate the global burden of dementia and provide new tools for dementia care. While technological opportunities multiply rapidly, clinical applications are rare as the technological potential of IATs remains inadequately translated into dementia care. In this article, the authors present the results of a systematic review and the resulting comprehensive technology index of IATs with application in dementia care...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222341/patient-emotions-and-perceptions-of-antiepileptic-drug-changes-and-titration-during-treatment-for-epilepsy
#2
Jesse Fishman, Greg Cohen, Colin Josephson, Ann Marie Collier, Srikanth Bharatham, Ying Zhang, Imane Wild
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of antiepileptic drug (AED) change and dose titration on the emotional well-being of patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Members of an online epilepsy community were invited to voluntarily participate in an online survey. The cross-sectional anonymous survey consisted of 31 multiple choice questions balanced in terms of variety and positivity/negativity of emotions concerning participants' most recent AED change. To substantiate survey results, spontaneous comments from epilepsy-related online forums and social media websites that mentioned participants' experiences with AED medication changes (termed passive listening statements) were analyzed and categorized by theme...
February 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222038/evidence-based-ethically-justified-counseling-for-fetal-bilateral-renal-agenesis
#3
Alana N Thomas, Laurence B McCullough, Frank A Chervenak, Frank X Placencia
BACKGROUND: Not much data are available on the natural history of bilateral renal agenesis, as the medical community does not typically offer aggressive obstetric or neonatal care asbilateral renal agenesis has been accepted as a lethal condition. AIM: To provide an evidence-based, ethically justified approach to counseling pregnant women about the obstetric management of bilateral renal agenesis. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature search was performed using multiple databases...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221277/introduction-to-medical-care-statistical-workshops-for-health-services-research-practical-state-of-the-art-reviews
#4
Claude M Setodji, Jeroan J Allison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221266/body-mass-index-and-the-association-with-vaso-occlusive-crises-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease
#5
Andrea Zivot, Nataly Apollonsky, Edward Gracely, Deepti Raybagkar
BACKGROUND: Children with sickle cell disease (SCD) historically have been underweight and have poor overall growth. Recent studies have demonstrated a trend toward obesity in pediatric SCD populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through retrospective chart review of patients with SCD followed at our center, we collected patient's data, including body mass index (BMI), weight percentiles, sickle cell genotype, baseline hemoglobin, medical and psychiatric comorbidities, 25-hydroxy vitamin D level, treatment with hydroxyurea, and chronic transfusions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221064/breaking-ground-for-psychological-science-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration
#6
Baruch Fischhoff
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates products accounting for 20% of U.S. consumer spending. Many of its actions depend on assumptions about behavior. Will people heed food recall notices? Will they follow medication schedules? Will they have realistic expectations regarding the benefits and risks of new products? Over time, FDA has increasingly made psychology integral to its processes for answering such questions. That progress has come when windows of opportunity have found psychologists with science relevant to FDA's needs, FDA with staff who can translate that research into agency terms, and a regulatory arena that can accommodate behavioral evidence...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220916/magnetic-digital-microfluidics-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Yi Zhang, Nam-Trung Nguyen
A digital microfluidic platform manipulates droplets on an open surface. Magnetic digital microfluidics utilizes magnetic forces for actuation and offers unique advantages compared to other digital microfluidic platforms. First, the magnetic particles used in magnetic digital microfluidics have multiple functions. In addition to serving as actuators, they also provide a functional solid substrate for molecule binding, which enables a wide range of applications in molecular diagnostics and immunodiagnostics...
February 21, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220904/recent-advances-in-occupational-and-environmental-health-hazards-of-workers-exposed-to-gasoline-compounds
#8
REVIEW
Christopher E Ekpenyong, Asuquo E Asuquo
The impact of health and environmental hazards, associated with the constituents of gasoline, on occupationally exposed workers has been recorded over the past few decades. However, the scientific literature on their pathogenic potential remains incomplete, which could affect the current understanding of the associated health risks. This review provides current information based on recently improved research techniques to evaluate gasoline toxicity profiles for humans. Our current knowledge provides insight into the intricate mechanism of gasoline-induced adverse effects, including the formation of reactive metabolites via bio-activation and subsequent generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress, which are involved in multiple mechanisms that are central to the aetiology of gasoline-induced toxicity...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220587/the-relationship-between-different-dimensions-of-alcohol-use-and-the-burden-of-disease-an-update
#9
REVIEW
Jürgen Rehm, Gerhard E Gmel, Gerrit Gmel, Omer S M Hasan, Sameer Imtiaz, Svetlana Popova, Charlotte Probst, Michael Roerecke, Robin Room, Andriy V Samokhvalov, Kevin D Shield, Paul A Shuper
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alcohol use is a major contributor to injuries, mortality and the burden of disease. This review updates knowledge on risk relations between dimensions of alcohol use and health outcomes to be used in global and national Comparative Risk Assessments (CRAs). METHODS: Systematic review of reviews and meta-analyses on alcohol consumption and health outcomes attributable to alcohol use. For dimensions of exposure: volume of alcohol use, blood alcohol concentration and patterns of drinking, in particular heavy drinking occasions were studied...
February 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220474/buprenorphine-for-managing-opioid-withdrawal
#10
REVIEW
Linda Gowing, Robert Ali, Jason M White, Dalitso Mbewe
BACKGROUND: Managed withdrawal is a necessary step prior to drug-free treatment or as the endpoint of substitution treatment. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of buprenorphine versus tapered doses of methadone, alpha2-adrenergic agonists, symptomatic medications or placebo, or different buprenorphine regimens for managing opioid withdrawal, in terms of the intensity of the withdrawal syndrome experienced, duration and completion of treatment, and adverse effects...
February 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220459/-how-would-you-call-this-in-english-being-reflective-about-translations-in-international-cross-cultural-qualitative-research
#11
Esther Helmich, Sayra Cristancho, Laura Diachun, Lorelei Lingard
INTRODUCTION: Medical education researchers increasingly collaborate in international teams, collecting data in different languages and from different parts of the world, and then disseminating them in English-language journals. Although this requires an ever-present need to translate, it often occurs uncritically. With this paper we aim to enhance researchers' awareness and reflexivity regarding translations in qualitative research. METHODS: In an international study, we carried out interviews in both Dutch and English...
February 20, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220457/innovative-development-path-of-ethnomedicines-the-interpretation-of-the-path
#12
REVIEW
Zhaoyun Zhu, Dehuan Fu, Yali Gui, Tao Cui, Jingkun Wang, Ting Wang, Zhizhong Yang, Yanfei Niu, Zhennan She, Li Wang
One of the primary purposes of the innovative development of ethnomedicines is to use their excellent safety and significant efficacy to serve a broader population. To achieve this purpose, modern scientific and technological means should be referenced, and relevant national laws and regulations as well as technical guides should be strictly followed to develop standards and to perform systemic research in producing ethnomedicines. Finally, ethnomedicines, which are applied to a limited extent in ethnic areas, can be transformed into safe, effective, and quality-controllable medical products to relieve the pain of more patients...
February 21, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220377/altered-functional-connectivity-architecture-of-the-brain-in-medication-overuse-headache-using-resting-state-fmri
#13
Zhiye Chen, Xiaoyan Chen, Mengqi Liu, Zhao Dong, Lin Ma, Shengyuan Yu
BACKGROUND: Functional connectivity density (FCD) could identify the abnormal intrinsic and spontaneous activity over the whole brain, and a seed-based resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) could further reveal the altered functional network with the identified brain regions. This may be an effective assessment strategy for headache research. This study is to investigate the RSFC architecture changes of the brain in the patients with medication overuse headache (MOH) using FCD and RSFC methods...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220334/future-directions-in-personality-occupational-and-medical-selection-myths-misunderstandings-measurement-and-suggestions
#14
Eamonn Ferguson, Filip Lievens
This paper has two objectives: (1) presenting recent advances in personality theory whereby personality traits are conceptualized within a framework that focuses on the dynamic interactions of behaviour, biology, context, and states, and (2) discussing the implications of these developments for measurement and medical selection. We start by presenting evidence that traits are no longer regarded as stable deterministic predictors of behaviour. Instead, traits are found to change across generations, the life span, and in response to environmental contingencies...
February 20, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220276/taxonomic-examination-of-longgu-fossilia-ossis-mastodi-dragon-bone-and-a-related-crude-drug-longchi-dens-draconis-dragon-tooth-from-japanese-and-chinese-crude-drug-markets
#15
Kazuki Oguri, Yuichiro Nishioka, Yoshitsugu Kobayashi, Kyoko Takahashi
Longgu ("dragon bone," Ryu-kotsu, Fossilia Ossis Mastodi, or Os Draconis) is the only fossil crude drug listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia. All longgu in the current Japanese market is imported from China, where its resources are being depleted. Therefore, effective countermeasures are urgently needed to prevent resource depletion. One possible solution is the development of a substitute made from bones of contemporary animals that are closely related to the original animal source of the current longgu. However, no research has been conducted on the original animal source of longgu, except for a report on the longgu specimens present in the Shosoin Repository...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220199/-novel-pharmaceutical-treatment-approaches-for-gastric-cancer
#16
F Lordick
This review article delineates novel approaches for the pharmaceutical treatment of gastric cancer. A newly developed molecular classification of gastric cancer based on histology, genetic, epigenetic and proteomic characteristics has evolved. It provides a road map for development of new drugs and combinations as well as for patient stratification in clinical research and it is expected to be introduced into clinical practice in the near future. Anti-HER2 targeted treatment is a validated strategy for treatment of metastatic gastric cancer and is now also being studied in the perioperative setting to increase response rates and ultimately survival in patients undergoing curative surgery; however, the resistance mechanisms of HER2-targeted treatment are poorly understood and optimal patient selection remains challenging...
February 20, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219967/expert-witness-participation-in-civil-and-criminal-proceedings
#17
Stephan R Paul, Sandeep K Narang
The interests of the public and both the medical and legal professions are best served when scientifically sound and unbiased expert witness testimony is readily available in civil and criminal proceedings. As members of the medical community, patient advocates, and private citizens, pediatricians have ethical and professional obligations to assist in the civil and criminal judicial processes. This policy statement offers recommendations on advocacy, education, research, qualifications, standards, and ethical business practices all aimed at improving expert testimony...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219964/expert-witness-participation-in-civil-and-criminal-proceedings
#18
Sandeep K Narang, Stephan R Paul
The interests of the public and both the medical and legal professions are best served when scientifically sound and unbiased expert witness testimony is readily available in civil and criminal proceedings. As members of the medical community, patient advocates, and private citizens, pediatricians have ethical and professional obligations to assist in the civil and criminal judicial processes. This technical report explains how the role of the expert witness differs in civil and criminal proceedings, legal and ethical standards for expert witnesses, and strategies that have been employed to deter unscientific and irresponsible testimony...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219963/overdose-risk-in-young-children-of-women-prescribed-opioids
#19
Yaron Finkelstein, Erin M Macdonald, Alejandro Gonzalez, Marco L A Sivilotti, Muhammad M Mamdani, David N Juurlink
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Over the past 20 years, the prescribing of opioids has increased dramatically in North America, with parallel increases in opioid addiction, overdose, and associated deaths. We examined whether young children of women prescribed opioids were at increased risk of opioid overdose. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, nested case control study in Ontario, Canada, between 2002 and 2015. We identified children aged ≤10 years, whose mothers received publicly funded prescriptions for an opioid or a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (comparator analgesic) in the preceding year...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219632/alfred-pischinger-1899-1983-an-austrian-career-in-anatomy-continuing-through-national-socialism-to-postwar-leadership
#20
Sabine Hildebrandt, Gabriele Czarnowski
Despite intensified research efforts on the history of anatomy during National Socialism (NS), many aspects of this story still need further investigation. This study explores the life, work and politics of Alfred Pischinger, Chairman of the Institute for Embryology and Histology in Graz from 1936 to 1945, and in Vienna from 1958 to 1970, and is an addition to previous reports on careers in anatomy continuing through the Third Reich to the postwar period. Pischinger was an illegal NSDAP member in Austria, joined the SA in 1938, served as expert in racial hygiene, and as judge on the Genetic Health High Court of Graz...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
keyword
keyword
94505
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"