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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931184/-modern-interdisciplinary-management-of-a-uretero-iliac-artery-fistula-case-report
#1
D Benedix, F Meyer, F Fischbach, A Janitzky, Z Halloul
Introduction Abnormal links between the arterial system and other luminal systems are a challenge to those in charge of their adequate diagnostic and therapeutic management. Objective Scientific case report on an individual who underwent successful treatment combining vascular-surgical and interventional radiology techniques for a rare right uretero-iliac artery fistula based on personal clinical experience, a selective literature research and a detailed discussion of current recommendations for diagnostic workup and subsequent treatment...
September 20, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931164/impact-of-patient-education-on-influenza-vaccine-uptake-among-community-dwelling-elderly-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ka Chun Leung, Carlo Mui, Wing Yan Chiu, Yuk Yiu Ng, Matthew H Y Chen, Pui Hung Ho, Chun Pong Kwok, Suki S M Lam, Chun Yip Wong, Kit Yee Wong, Herbert H Pang
This randomized controlled trial aimed to test the effectiveness of brief face-to-face patient education in increasing influenza vaccination rate among elderly in the community. Recruitment and intervention were conducted at two general outpatient clinics in Hong Kong. 529 eligible patients were randomly assigned to intervention or control group with 1:1 allocation ratio. Patients in the intervention group received 3-min one-on-one verbal education by medical students and a pamphlet regarding influenza vaccination...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931052/improvement-of-dyspnea-after-bariatric-surgery-is-associated-with-increased-expiratory-reserve-volume-a-prospective-follow-up-study-of-45-patients
#3
Louis Boissière, Jeanne-Marie Perotin-Collard, Eric Bertin, Isabelle Gaubil, Ana Diaz Cives, Coralie Barbe, Sandra Dury, Julie Nardi, François Lebargy, Gaëtan Deslée, Claire Launois
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of bariatric surgery in patients with obesity on dyspnea and to analyze the relationships between improvement of dyspnea after bariatric surgery and changes in pulmonary function, especially Expiratory Reserve Volume (ERV) which is the lung volume abnormality most frequently associated with obesity. METHODS: Forty-five patients (5 males/40 females, mean Body Mass Index = 46.2 ± 6.8 kg/m2) were evaluated before and 6 to 12 months after bariatric surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931031/reducing-therapeutic-misconception-a-randomized-intervention-trial-in-hypothetical-clinical-trials
#4
Paul P Christopher, Paul S Appelbaum, Debbie Truong, Karen Albert, Louise Maranda, Charles Lidz
BACKGROUND: Participants in clinical trials frequently fail to appreciate key differences between research and clinical care. This phenomenon, known as therapeutic misconception, undermines informed consent to clinical research, but to date there have been no effective interventions to reduce it and concerns have been expressed that to do so might impede recruitment. We determined whether a scientific reframing intervention reduces therapeutic misconception without significantly reducing willingness to participate in hypothetical clinical trials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931017/trends-in-medication-use-by-body-mass-index-and-age-between-1988-and-2012-in-the-united-states
#5
Arshdeep K Randhawa, Jash S Parikh, Jennifer L Kuk
OBJECTIVE: Whether the increase in prescription medication use over time differs by age and obesity status is unclear. METHOD: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1988 and 2012 was analyzed (n = 57,543). FINDINGS: Increased medication use over time was seen in older individuals of all body mass index (BMI) classes, with the most prominent increase in those with obesity (p<0.001). For example, older men (≥65y) with obesity took 3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930707/re-evaluating-the-ethics-of-uterine-transplantation
#6
Danish Zaidi
In February 2016, the Cleveland Clinic initiated the first attempt at cadaveric uterine transplantation (UTx) in the United States. The transplantation was ultimately unsuccessful, but it opened doors for further research on both live and cadaveric UTx. While initial strides toward successful transplantation have been made, questions persist on the ethics of UTx: whether the uterus is a vital organ, whether we should prioritize live or cadaveric options, and how the procedure should be covered by health insurance...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930568/medical-imaging-diagnosis-of-early-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Fatma El-Zahraa A El-Gamal, Mohammed M Elmogy, Mohammed Ghazal, Ahmed Atwan, Manual F Casanova, Gregory N Barnes, Ayman El-Baz, Hassan Hajjdiab
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases that influences the central nervous system, often leading to dire consequences for quality of life. The disease goes through some stages mainly divided into early, moderate, and severe. Among them, the early stage is the most important as medical intervention has the potential to alter the natural progression of the condition. In practice, the early diagnosis is a challenge since the neurodegenerative changes can precede the onset of clinical symptoms by 10-15 years...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930546/tick-host-pathogen-systems-immunobiology-an-interactive-trio
#8
Stephen K Wikel
Significant new insights are being made into tick modulation of host immune defenses and the implications of those host defense changes on tick-borne pathogen transmission and establishment of infection. Understanding tick saliva complexity increased with construction and analyses of salivary gland cDNA libraries. High throughput next generation sequencing and advances in proteomics are revealing greater complexity of saliva, nature of gene families and differential gene expression patterns not previously attainable...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930369/intake-of-folic-acid-by-polish-women-with-higher-education-a-survey-research-can-we-do-more
#9
Malwina Pietrzykowska-Kuncman, Dorota Zasina-Olaszek, Kuncman Łukasz, Marta Niedźwiecka, Krzysztof Szaflik, Iwona Maroszyńska
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to determine efficacy of the Primary Prevention Program of Neural Tube Defects in Polish women with higher education in 5-year interval. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Survey research was conducted twice (in 2008 and 2013) in 630 female students of universities: 305 female medical students and 325 female non-medical students. The survey was also done among women aged 27- 35 who graduated from medical or non-medical universities and have at least one child...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930273/qigong-exercises-for-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
REVIEW
Amy L Putiri, Jacqueline R Close, Harold Ryan Lilly, Nathalie Guillaume, Guan-Cheng Sun
Background: The purpose of this article is to clarify and define medical qigong and to identify an appropriate study design and methodology for a large-scale study looking at the effects of qigong in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), specifically subject enrollment criteria, selection of the control group and study duration. Methods: A comprehensive literature review of English databases was used to locate articles from 1980-May 2017 involving qigong and T2DM. Control groups, subject criteria and the results of major diabetic markers were reviewed and compared within each study...
August 9, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930272/antimicrobial-activity-of-some-essential-oils-present-status-and-future-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Sonam Chouhan, Kanika Sharma, Sanjay Guleria
Extensive documentation on the antimicrobial properties of essential oils and their constituents has been carried out by several workers. Although the mechanism of action of a few essential oil components has been elucidated in many pioneering works in the past, detailed knowledge of most of the compounds and their mechanism of action is still lacking. This knowledge is particularly important for the determination of the effect of essential oils on different microorganisms, how they work in combination with other antimicrobial compounds, and their interaction with food matrix components...
August 8, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930231/a-population-based-cohort-study-on-the-ability-of-acupuncture-to-reduce-post-stroke-depression
#12
Shuo-Ping Tseng, Yu-Ching Hsu, Ching-Ju Chiu, Shang-Te Wu
Objective: Post-stroke depression (PSD) is common and has a negative impact on recovery. Although many stroke patients in Taiwan have used acupuncture as a supplementary treatment for reducing stroke comorbidities, little research has been done on the use of acupuncture to prevent PSD. Accordingly, our goal is to investigate whether using acupuncture after a stroke can reduce the risk of PSD. Method: This population-based cohort study examined medical claims data from a random sample of 1 million insured people registered in Taiwan...
March 15, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930184/use-of-wavelet-transform-to-detect-compensated-and-decompensated-stages-in-the-congestive-heart-failure-patient
#13
Pratibha Sharma, Kimberly Newman, Carlin S Long, A J Gasiewski, Frank Barnes
This research work is aimed at improving health care, reducing cost, and the occurrence of emergency hospitalization in patients with Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) by analyzing heart and lung sounds to distinguish between the compensated and decompensated states. Compensated state defines stable state of the patient but with lack of retention of fluids in lungs, whereas decompensated state leads to unstable state of the patient with lots of fluid retention in the lungs, where the patient needs medication. Acoustic signals from the heart and the lung were analyzed using wavelet transforms to measure changes in the CHF patient's status from the decompensated to compensated and vice versa...
September 20, 2017: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930104/liver-transplantation-in-the-obese-cirrhotic-patient
#14
Erin K Spengler, Jacqueline G O'Leary, Helen S Te, Shari Rogal, Anjana A Pillai, Abdullah Al-Osaimi, Archita Desai, James N Fleming, Daniel Ganger, Anil Seetharam, Georgios Tsoulfas, Martin Montenovo, Jennifer C Lai
Despite the rapidly increasing prevalence of obesity in the transplant population, the optimal management of obese liver transplant candidates remains undefined. Setting strict body mass index cutoffs for transplant candidacy remains controversial, with limited data to guide this practice. Body mass index is an imperfect measure of surgical risk in this population, partly due to volume overload and variable visceral adiposity. Weight loss before transplantation may be beneficial, but it remains important to avoid protein calorie malnutrition and sarcopenia...
October 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930065/trends-in-perceived-access-to-marijuana-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2002-2015
#15
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Sehun Oh, Trenette Clark Goings, Michael G Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: There is concern that changes in marijuana-related policy and public opinion may lead to increased access to marijuana among young people in the United States. However, little research has been conducted on changes in youth's perceptions of marijuana access, and studies have yet to systematically examine trends in perceived access across key sociodemographic and externalizing behavioral subgroups. METHOD: Using population-based data collected between 2002 and 2015 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, we examined trends in perceived marijuana access among non-Hispanic White, African American, and Hispanic adolescents (ages 12-17, n = 221,412)...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930061/promoting-adoption-of-medication-for-opioid-and-alcohol-use-disorders-through-system-change
#16
James H Ford, Amanda J Abraham, Nicoleta Lupulescu-Mann, Raina Croff, Kim A Hoffman, Kelly Alanis-Hirsch, Mady Chalk, Laura Schmidt, Dennis McCarty
OBJECTIVE: The Medication Research Partnership (MRP), a collaboration between a national commercial health plan and nine addiction treatment centers, implemented organizational and system changes to promote use of federally approved medications for treatment of alcohol and opioid use disorders. METHOD: A difference-in-differences analysis examined change over time in the percentage of patients receiving a prescription medication for alcohol or opioid use disorders treated in MRP (n = 9) and comparison (n = 15) sites...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929992/mood-disorders-and-circulating-levels-of-inflammatory-markers-in-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#17
J Glaus, R von Känel, A M Lasserre, M-P F Strippoli, C L Vandeleur, E Castelao, M Gholam-Rezaee, C Marangoni, E-Y N Wagner, P Marques-Vidal, G Waeber, P Vollenweider, M Preisig, K R Merikangas
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing evidence that chronic low-grade inflammation is associated with mood disorders. However, the findings have been inconsistent because of heterogeneity across studies and methodological limitations. Our aim is to prospectively evaluate the bi-directional associations between inflammatory markers including interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) with mood disorders. METHODS: The sample consisted of 3118 participants (53...
September 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929962/-determination-of-in-vitro-susceptibilities-of-brucella-spp-strains-against-11-different-antibacterial-gents-isolated-from-blood-cultures
#18
Recep Keşli, Hüseyin Bilgin, Halim Yılmaz
Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease and still continuous to be a major public health problem. In this study, it was aimed to identify the Brucella strains to the species level isolated from blood cultures, and to determine the rate of antimicrobial susceptibility against eleven antibacterial agents. A total of 106 Brucella spp. strains were included in the study, which were isolated from blood cultures in University of Health Sciences, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Medical Microbiology Laboratory between January 2011 and June 2013...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929860/adolescent-perspectives-on-patient-provider-sexual-health-communication-a-qualitative-study
#19
Andrea J Hoopes, Samantha K Benson, Heather B Howard, Diane M Morrison, Linda K Ko, Taraneh Shafii
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in the United States are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancy. Adolescent-centered health services may reduce barriers to health care; yet, limited research has focused on adolescents' own perspectives on patient-provider communication during a sexual health visit. METHODS: Twenty-four adolescents (14-19 years old) seeking care in a public health clinic in Washington State participated in one-on-one qualitative interviews...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929711/-statistics-at-the-time-of-the-crisis
#20
Andrea Saltelli, Philip B Stark
Science lies nowadays in the centre of several storms. The better known is the finding of non-reproducibility of many scientific results, which stretches from the medical field (clinic and pre-clinic tests) to study on behaviour (priming research). Although the bad use of statistics is reported to be a patent cause of the reproducibility crisis, its deep reasons are to be sought elsewhere; particularly, in the passage from a regimen of little science - regulated by small communities of researchers - to the current big science - identified by a hypertrophic production of millions of research papers and by the imperative "publish or perish", in a setting dominated by market...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
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