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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684337/how-the-degree-of-instrumental-practice-in-music-increases-perceptual-sensitivity
#1
Alice Mado Proverbio, Eleonora Bellini
Literature has shown that playing a musical instrument is associated with the formation of multimodal audio visuomotor representations that are strongly instrument-specific. Here, we investigated the effect of increased motor practice on perceptual sensitivity in 32 professional musicians of comparable expertise but with different amounts of instrumental practice with piano (10,000 vs. 3,000 estimated hours). Stimuli consisted of images of pianists' hands and piano arpeggio sounds. In half of the cases, the piano fingering and piano sounds were congruent, while they were incongruent in the other cases...
April 20, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681872/tapping-into-rate-flexibility-musical-training-facilitates-synchronization-around-spontaneous-production-rates
#2
Rebecca Scheurich, Anna Zamm, Caroline Palmer
The ability to flexibly adapt one's behavior is critical for social tasks such as speech and music performance, in which individuals must coordinate the timing of their actions with others. Natural movement frequencies, also called spontaneous rates, constrain synchronization accuracy between partners during duet music performance, whereas musical training enhances synchronization accuracy. We investigated the combined influences of these factors on the flexibility with which individuals can synchronize their actions with sequences at different rates...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577305/aberrant-cortical-excitability-reflects-the-loss-of-hand-dexterity-in-musician-s-dystonia
#3
Shinichi Furuya, Kazumasa Uehara, Takashi Sakamoto, Takashi Hanakawa
Focal task-specific dystonia (FTSD) compromises dexterous movements. A proposed pathophysiological mechanism of FTSD involves malfunction of the motor cortex (M1). However, no evidence is yet available regarding whether and how malfunctions of M1 are responsible for the loss of motor dexterity. Here, we addressed this issue by assessing both M1 excitability and detailed movement parameters, as well as their relationships. Transcranial magnetic stimulation was applied over M1 in twenty pianists with FTSD, twenty healthy pianists, and twenty non-musicians...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410569/electrophysiological-assessment-of-piano-players-back-extensor-muscles-on-a-regular-piano-bench-and-chair-with-back-rest
#4
Kavan Honarmand, Rafael Minaskanian, Seyed Ebrahim Maboudi, Ali E Oskouei
[Purpose] Sitting position is the dominant position for a professional pianist. There are many static and dynamic forces which affect musculoskeletal system during sitting. In prolonged sitting, these forces are harmful. The aim of this study was to compare pianists' back extensor muscles activity during playing piano while sitting on a regular piano bench and a chair with back rest. [Subjects and Methods] Ten professional piano players (mean age 25.4 ± 5.28, 60% male, 40% female) performed similar tasks for 5 hours in two sessions: one session sitting on a regular piano bench and the other sitting on a chair with back rest...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396663/the-viii-international-congress-on-stress-proteins-in-biology-and-medicine-t%C3%A3-ynn%C3%A3-henke%C3%A3
#5
REVIEW
Cristina Bonorino, Lea Sistonen, John Eriksson, Valérie Mezger, Gabriella Santoro, Lawrence E Hightower
About 150 international scientists gathered in Turku, Finland, in August of 2017 for the eighth in a series of international congresses about the roles of stress proteins in biology and medicine. The scientific theme and title of the 2017 Congress was "Stress Management Mechanisms and Pathways." The meeting covered a broad range of topics, reflecting the wide scope of the Cell Stress Society International (CSSI) and highlighting the numerous recent breakthroughs in stress response biology and medicine. The keynote lecturers included Marja Jäättelä, Richard Morimoto, Anne Bertolotti, and Peter Walter...
February 2, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277649/musical-genre-dependent-behavioural-and-eeg-signatures-of-action-planning-a-comparison-between-classical-and-jazz-pianists
#6
R Bianco, G Novembre, P E Keller, A Villringer, D Sammler
It is well established that musical training induces sensorimotor plasticity. However, there are remarkable differences in how musicians train for proficient stage performance. The present EEG study outlines for the first time clear-cut neurobiological differences between classical and jazz musicians at high and low levels of action planning, revealing genre-specific cognitive strategies adopted in production. Pianists imitated chord progressions without sound that were manipulated in terms of harmony and context length to assess high-level planning of sequence-structure, and in terms of the manner of playing to assess low-level parameter specification of single acts...
April 1, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276332/beating-time-how-ensemble-musicians-cueing-gestures-communicate-beat-position-and-tempo
#7
Laura Bishop, Werner Goebl
Ensemble musicians typically exchange visual cues to coordinate piece entrances. "Cueing-in" gestures indicate when to begin playing and at what tempo. This study investigated how timing information is encoded in musicians' cueing-in gestures. Gesture acceleration patterns were expected to indicate beat position, while gesture periodicity, duration, and peak gesture velocity were expected to indicate tempo. Same-instrument ensembles (e.g., piano-piano) were expected to synchronize more successfully than mixed-instrument ensembles (e...
January 2018: Psychology of Music
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195444/detection-of-keyboard-vibrations-and-effects-on-perceived-piano-quality
#8
Federico Fontana, Stefano Papetti, Hanna Järveläinen, Federico Avanzini
Two experiments were conducted on an upright and a grand piano, both either producing string vibrations or conversely being silent after the initial keypress, while pianists were listening to the feedback from a synthesizer through insulating headphones. In a quality experiment, participants unaware of the silent mode were asked to play freely and then rate the instrument according to a set of attributes and general preference. Participants preferred the vibrating over the silent setup, and preference ratings were associated to auditory attributes of richness and naturalness in the low and middle ranges...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163017/electrical-neuroimaging-of-music-processing-reveals-mid-latency-changes-with-level-of-musical-expertise
#9
Clara E James, Mathias S Oechslin, Christoph M Michel, Michael De Pretto
This original research focused on the effect of musical training intensity on cerebral and behavioral processing of complex music using high-density event-related potential (ERP) approaches. Recently we have been able to show progressive changes with training in gray and white matter, and higher order brain functioning using (f)MRI [(functional) Magnetic Resonance Imaging], as well as changes in musical and general cognitive functioning. The current study investigated the same population of non-musicians, amateur pianists and expert pianists using spatio-temporal ERP analysis, by means of microstate analysis, and ERP source imaging...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864245/musical-training-increases-functional-connectivity-but-does-not-enhance-mu-suppression
#10
C Carolyn Wu, Jeff P Hamm, Vanessa K Lim, Ian J Kirk
Musical training provides an ideal platform for investigating action representation for sound. Learning to play an instrument requires integration of sensory and motor perception-action processes. Functional neuroimaging studies have indicated that listening to trained music can result in the activity in premotor areas, even after a short period of training. These studies suggest that action representation systems are heavily dependent on specific sensorimotor experience. However, others suggest that because humans naturally move to music, sensorimotor training is not necessary and there is a more general action representation for music...
September 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694785/what-about-their-performance-do-free-jazz-improvisers-agree-upon-a-case-study
#11
Amandine Pras, Michael F Schober, Neta Spiro
When musicians improvise freely together-not following any sort of script, predetermined harmonic structure, or "referent"-to what extent do they understand what they are doing in the same way as each other? And to what extent is their understanding privileged relative to outside listeners with similar levels of performing experience in free improvisation? In this exploratory case study, a saxophonist and a pianist of international renown who knew each other's work but who had never performed together before were recorded while improvising freely for 40 min...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693821/synchronizing-midi-and-wireless-eeg-measurements-during-natural-piano-performance
#12
Anna Zamm, Caroline Palmer, Anna-Katharina R Bauer, Martin G Bleichner, Alexander P Demos, Stefan Debener
Although music performance has been widely studied in the behavioural sciences, less work has addressed the underlying neural mechanisms, perhaps due to technical difficulties in acquiring high-quality neural data during tasks requiring natural motion. The advent of wireless electroencephalography (EEG) presents a solution to this problem by allowing for neural measurement with minimal motion artefacts. In the current study, we provide the first validation of a mobile wireless EEG system for capturing the neural dynamics associated with piano performance...
July 7, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690373/feminist-to-postfeminist-contemporary-biofictions-by-and-about-women-artists
#13
Julia Novak
Biographical novels about historical women artists have been experiencing a veritable boom in recent years. Written mostly by women, they can be understood as women authors' attempts to reach out across time (and often, space) to other "artistic" women whose lives "speak to us" today. It has long been a key insight of historical fiction research that a historical novel reveals more about the time in which it was written than the time in which it is set. As such, it can be assumed that contemporary novels about historical women speak as much to twenty-first-century conceptions of femininity as to particular historical moments of female subjectivity...
January 2, 2017: Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630840/suspension-arthroplasty-combined-with-ligament-reconstruction-of-the-thumb-carpometacarpal-joint-to-salvage-two-failed-arthroplasties-a-case-report
#14
Ryosuke Kakinoki, Kazuhiko Hashimoto, Hiroki Tanaka, Masao Akagi
INTRODUCTION: Thumb basal joint arthroplasty with removal of the entire trapezium is often followed by proximal subsidence and impingement of the thumb metacarpal to the scaphoid, which is a common cause of post-operative thumb pain. Treatment of this impingement is a challenge among surgeons. We performed suspension arthroplasty combined with intercarpal ligament reconstruction using a strip of the extensor carpi radialis longus (ECRL) tendon on a patient suffering from pain caused by this type of the impingement and obtained a successful outcome...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599019/musculoskeletal-problems-in-pianists-and-their-influence-on-professional-activity
#15
María R Ciurana Moñino, Jaume Rosset-Llobet, Luis Cibanal Juan, María D García Manzanares, Juan D Ramos-Pichardo
BACKGROUND: Professional musical performance requires static postures and repetitive movements that may cause musculoskeletal problems in performers. Elite pianists are especially at risk for these disorders, which may cause discomfort but also affect their work. The objective of this study was to describe the most frequent musculoskeletal problems observed in pianists, and to explore the influence of these disorders on their professional activities from the perspective of the pianists themselves...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585902/negotiating-between-individual-and-joint-goals-in-ensemble-musical-performance
#16
Jennifer MacRitchie, Steffen A Herff, Andrea Procopio, Peter E Keller
Successful joint action requires negotiation, especially in the event of goal incongruence. This paper addresses goal incongruence in joint musical performance by manipulating the congruence of score instructions (congruent/incongruent) regarding tempo (speed) and dynamics (sound intensity) given to piano duos. The aim is to investigate how co-performers negotiate incongruent instructions for tempo and dynamics by balancing the prioritisation of individual goals versus the joint outcome, and how this negotiation is modulated by musical expertise and personality (locus of control)...
June 6, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487662/eye-of-the-beholder-stage-entrance-behavior-and-facial-expression-affect-continuous-quality-ratings-in-music-performance
#17
George Waddell, Aaron Williamon
Judgments of music performance quality are commonly employed in music practice, education, and research. However, previous studies have demonstrated the limited reliability of such judgments, and there is now evidence that extraneous visual, social, and other "non-musical" features can unduly influence them. The present study employed continuous measurement techniques to examine how the process of forming a music quality judgment is affected by the manipulation of temporally specific visual cues. Video footage comprising an appropriate stage entrance and error-free performance served as the standard condition (Video 1)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484383/when-playing-is-a-problem-an-atypical-case-of-alien-hand-syndrome-in-a-professional-pianist
#18
Arantxa Alfaro, Ángela Bernabeu, Francisco J Badesa, Nicolas García, Eduardo Fernández
Alien hand syndrome (AHS) is a neurological illness characterized by limb movements which are carried out without being aware of it. Many patients describe these movements as aggressive and some perceive a strong feeling of estrangement and go so far as to deny ownership. The sense of body ownership is the perception that parts of one's body pertain to oneself, despite it is moving or not and if movement is intentional or unintentional. These anomalous self-experiences may arise in patients with focal brain lesions and provide unique opportunities to disclose the neural components underlying self-body perception...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435044/expertise-dependent-motor-somatotopy-of-music-perception
#19
Yuta Furukawa, Kazumasa Uehara, Shinichi Furuya
Precise mapping between sound and motion underlies successful communication and information transmission in speech and musical performance. Formation of the map typically undergoes plastic changes in the neuronal network between auditory and motor regions through training. However, to what extent the map is somatotopically-tuned so that auditory information can specifically modulate the corticospinal system responsible for the relevant motor action has not been elucidated. Here we addressed this issue by assessing the excitability of corticospinal system including the primary motor cortex (M1) innervating the hand intrinsic muscles by means of transcranial magnetic stimulation while trained pianists and musically-untrained individuals (non-musicians) were listening to either piano tones or noise...
April 21, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303743/incremental-comprehension-of-pitch-relationships-in-written-music-evidence-from-eye-movements
#20
Lauren V Hadley, Patrick Sturt, Tuomas Eerola, Martin J Pickering
To investigate how proficient pianists comprehend pitch relationships in written music when they first encounter it we conducted two experiments in which proficient pianists' eyes were tracked while they read and played single-line melodies. In Experiment 1, participants played at their own speed; in Experiment 2 they played with an external metronome. The melodies were either congruent or anomalous, with the anomaly involving one bar being shifted in pitch to alter the implied harmonic structure (e.g., non-resolution of a dominant)...
March 17, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
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