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ACL quality of life

Vala Flosadottir, Ewa M Roos, Eva Ageberg
BACKGROUND/AIM: Consequences of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury include worse patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and a decrease in activity level. Muscle function can be improved by targeted exercise. Our aims were to investigate cross-sectional and longitudinal associations among lower extremity muscle function and PROs after ACL injury. METHODS: Fifty-four participants (15 women, mean 30 years) with ACL injury or reconstruction, from the Knee Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Nonsurgical versus Surgical Treatment (KANON) trial (ISRCTN84752559), were assessed with hop performance, muscle power and postural orientation 3 years (SD 0...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
Matthew R Titchenal, Constance R Chu, Jennifer C Erhart-Hledik, Thomas P Andriacchi
BACKGROUND: Altered knee kinematics after anterior cruciate ligament injury and reconstruction (ACLR) have been implicated in the development of posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA), leading to poor long-term clinical outcomes. PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine (1) whether the average knee center of rotation (KCOR), a multidimensional metric of knee kinematics, of the ACL-reconstructed knee during walking differs from that of the uninjured contralateral knee; (2) whether KCOR changes between 2 and 4 years after surgery; and (3) whether early KCOR changes predict patient-reported outcomes 8 years after ACLR...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Laurie A Hiemstra, Sarah Kerslake, Mark Heard, Gregory Buchko, Mark Lafave
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the disease-specific quality of life, and the objective clinical and functional outcomes of patients with symptomatic ACL deficiency and patellofemoral instability following surgical stabilization of both ligaments. METHODS: Between February 2010 and August 2013, 22 subjects underwent a combined ACL reconstruction and patellofemoral stabilization. The anterior cruciate ligament quality of life questionnaire (ACL-QOL) was completed pre-operatively and two-years post-operatively...
December 2016: Knee
Joseph T Nguyen, David Wasserstein, Emily K Reinke, Kurt P Spindler, Nabil Mehta, John B Doyle, Robert G Marx
BACKGROUND: The time between an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and ACL reconstruction (ACLR) may influence baseline knee-related and general health-related patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). Despite the common use of PROMs as main outcomes in clinical studies, this variable has never been evaluated. PURPOSE: To compare baseline health-related quality of life measures and the prevalence/pattern of meniscal and articular cartilage lesions between patients who underwent acute and chronic ACLR so as to provide clinicians with benchmark PROMs in 2 different patient populations with ACL injuries...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Basant M Elnady, Ayman Saeed Mohamed Abdelghafar, El Shazly Abdul Khalik, Mohammed Mesfer Algethami, A S Basiony, Mona Dhaif Allah Al-Otaibi, Maram Eidhah Al-Otaibi
OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can present limitations to exercise capacity and quality of life (QoL) because of various clinical conditions, such as pulmonary disease or heart disease. Tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) offers the promise of an objective measurement to quantify regional and global ventricular function through the assessment of myocardial velocity data. This study aimed to assess the intensity of left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic dysfunction in SLE patients by means of TDE and cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) testing to determine their impact on QoL...
September 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
Michael J Hochman, Arif H Kamal, Steven P Wolf, Greg P Samsa, David C Currow, Amy P Abernethy, Thomas W LeBlanc
CONTEXT: Anticholinergic drugs can cause several side effects, impairing cognition and quality of life (QOL). Cancer patients are often exposed to increasing cumulative anticholinergic load (ACL) as they approach death, but this burden has not been examined in patients with nonmalignant diseases. OBJECTIVES: To determine ACL and its impact in noncancer versus cancer palliative care patients. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of 244 subjects enrolled in a randomized controlled trial...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Bruce A Stewart, Amit M Momaya, Marc D Silverstein, David Lintner
BACKGROUND: Competitive athletes value the ability to return to competitive play after the treatment of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. ACL reconstruction has high success rates for return to play, but some studies indicate that patients may do well with nonoperative physical therapy treatment. PURPOSE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the treatment of acute ACL tears with either initial surgical reconstruction or physical therapy in competitive athletes...
January 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Gulcan Harput, Damla Tok, Burak Ulusoy, Leyla Eraslan, Taha Ibrahim Yildiz, Elif Turgut, Serdar Demirci, Irem Duzgun, Volga Bayrakci Tunay, Gul Baltaci, Nevin Ergun
PURPOSE: To translate and culturally adapt the anterior cruciate ligament-return to sport after injury (ACL-RSI) scale into Turkish (ACL-RSI-Tr) and examine and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Turkish version in individuals who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: The ACL-RSI was forward- and back-translated, culturally adapted and validated on ninety-three Turkish individuals who had undergone ACL reconstruction (5 females, 88 males; age 28...
August 18, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Nicolas Lefevre, Shahnaz Klouche, Guillaume Mirouse, Serge Herman, Antoine Gerometta, Yoann Bohu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported the return-to-sport rate at 1-year follow-up after primary and revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. PURPOSE: To compare the return-to-sport rate 1 year after primary and revision ACL reconstruction in the same cohort according to 2 modalities: any kind of sport and the patient's usual sport at the same level as before the injury. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A single-center, prospective cohort study of patients undergoing ACL reconstruction (French prospective Acl STudy [FAST]) was begun in 2012...
January 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Bart Muller, Mohammad A Yabroudi, Andrew Lynch, Chung-Liang Lai, C Niek van Dijk, Freddie H Fu, James J Irrgang
BACKGROUND: A clinically meaningful change in patient-reported outcome (PRO) may not be associated with an acceptable state that corresponds to "feeling well," also known as the patient acceptable symptom state (PASS). The PASS thresholds for the International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (IKDC-SKF) and the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) have not been determined for individuals after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. PURPOSE: To determine the PASS thresholds for the IKDC-SKF and KOOS in individuals at 1 to 5 years after ACL reconstruction...
July 29, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
C L Ardern, S Sonesson, M Forssblad, J Kvist
The aim of our study was to cross-sectionally compare patient-reported knee function outcomes between people who chose non-surgical treatment for ACL injury and those who chose ACL reconstruction. We extracted Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and EuroQoL-5D data entered into the Swedish National ACL Registry by patients with a non-surgically treated ACL injury within 180 days of injury (n = 306), 1 (n = 350), 2 (n = 358), and 5 years (n = 114) after injury. These data were compared cross-sectionally to data collected pre-operatively (n = 306) and at 1 (n = 350), 2 (n = 358), and 5 years (n = 114) post-operatively from age- and gender-matched groups of patients with primary ACL reconstruction...
June 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Marcos George de Souza Leao, Abelardo Gautama Moreira Pampolha, Nilton Orlando Junior
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate knee function in patients undergoing reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) using the central third of the patellar ligament or the medial flexor tendons of the knee, i.e. quadruple ligaments from the semitendinosus and gracilis (ST-G), by means of the Knee Society Score (KSS) and the Lysholm scale. METHODS: This was a randomized prospective longitudinal study on 40 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction between September 2013 and August 2014...
November 2015: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
S R Filbay, I N Ackerman, T G Russell, K M Crossley
Many individuals experience long-term quality of life (QOL) impairment following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Factors contributing to poor QOL and psychological health >5 years after ACLR remain unclear. This study aimed to describe QOL and psychological health outcomes in people with knee difficulties (pain, symptoms, or functional limitations) 5-20 years following ACLR and identify factors explaining variability in these outcomes. Participants with knee difficulties 5-20 years following ACLR completed a battery of validated patient-reported outcomes [including the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), ACL-QOL, and the Assessment of QOL (AQoL-8D) instrument]...
May 11, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Matthew R Akelman, Paul D Fadale, Michael J Hulstyn, Robert M Shalvoy, Arlene Garcia, Kaitlyn E Chin, Jeffrey Duryea, Gary J Badger, Glenn A Tung, Braden C Fleming
BACKGROUND: The "initial graft tension" applied at the time of graft fixation during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery modulates joint contact mechanics, which in turn may promote posttraumatic osteoarthritis (OA). PURPOSE/HYPOTHESES: The study objectives were to compare clinical, functional, patient-reported, and OA imaging outcomes between 2 different initial laxity-based graft tension cohorts and a matched uninjured control group as well as to evaluate the effects of laxity-based graft tension on OA development at 84-month follow-up...
July 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Satoshi Ochiai, Tetsuo Hagino, Shinya Senga, Takashi Yamashita, Takashi Ando, Hirotaka Haro
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the treatment outcome of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction using the Medical Outcome Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), a patient-based quality of life (QOL) questionnaire comparing it with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Patients who underwent reconstruction at our center for PCL (n = 24) or ACL (n = 197) injury were studied. The patients were evaluated using SF-36, visual analogue scale (VAS) for knee pain, Lysholm scale, posterior or anterior tibial translation and range of motion (ROM) before surgery until 24 months after surgery...
September 2016: International Orthopaedics
Melissa A Christino, Braden C Fleming, Jason T Machan, Robert M Shalvoy
BACKGROUND: Psychological factors may have underappreciated effects on surgical outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction; however, few studies have investigated the relationship between specific psychological factors, objective clinical data, and patient-oriented outcomes. PURPOSE: Psychological factors are significantly associated with patient perceptions and functional outcomes after ACL reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate relationships between self-esteem, health locus of control, and psychological distress with objective clinical outcomes, patient-oriented outcomes, and return to sport...
March 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
A Paul Monk, Loretta J Davies, Sally Hopewell, Kristina Harris, David J Beard, Andrew J Price
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a common injury, mainly affecting young, physically active individuals. The injury is characterised by joint instability, leading to decreased activity, which can lead to poor knee-related quality of life. It is also associated with increased risk of secondary osteoarthritis of the knee. It is unclear whether stabilising the knee surgically via ACL reconstruction produces a better overall outcome than non-surgical (conservative) treatment...
April 3, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
M Severyns, G Lucas, R Jallageas, S Briand, G Odri, B Fraisse, S Marleix, P Rochcongar, P Violas
INTRODUCTION: The over-the-top position of the femoral metaphyseal tunnel during extraphyseal ligament reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) according to Clocheville may be responsible for negative anisometry. Until now, the follow-up of children operated using this pediatric technique was limited to screening for iatrogenic epiphysiodesis and the search for postoperative clinical instability. The objective of this study was to measure residual laxity using objective tests, to quantify muscle recovery, and to evaluate the quality of life of these patients in terms of the sports activities...
June 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Clare L Ardern, Annika Österberg, Sofi Sonesson, Håkan Gauffin, Kate E Webster, Joanna Kvist
PURPOSE: To assess whether patient-reported outcomes (psychological factors, appraisals of knee function, and physical activity participation) were associated with satisfaction with knee function after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Participants who were aged 18 to 45 years and a minimum 12 months post primary ACL reconstruction completed a questionnaire battery evaluating knee self-efficacy, knee-related quality of life, self-reported function, and physical activity participation...
August 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Peter David Grunau, Shalinder Arneja, Jordan Michael Leith
BACKGROUND: Soft tissue grafts are commonly used in surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Applying the appropriate tension to the final graft reconstruction has traditionally been performed by the surgeon and is based on the surgeon's experience and perception of applied tension. Problems with manual application of tension to the ACL reconstruction include under- or overtightening the reconstruction, inconsistent tension application among subjects, and variable load application to each strand...
June 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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