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liver abscess recurrence

Erica S Alexander, Rosemarie Mick, Gregory J Nadolski, Jeffrey I Mondschein, S William Stavropoulos, Michael C Soulen
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate safety, time to recurrence, and overall survival (OS) in patients with liver metastases (LM), treated with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) followed by ablation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients with LM treated with combined TACE and ablation from August 1998 to September 2015. Forty-two patients (12 women, 30 men; age 62.9 ± 11.9 years) were treated for 44 LMs. Tumor characteristics, imaging response to treatment, recurrence, and OS data were reviewed...
March 3, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Matias E Czerwonko, Pablo Huespe, Cristina M Elizondo, Juan Pekolj, Adrian Gadano, Laura Barcán, Sung-Ho Hyon, Eduardo de Santibañes, Martín de Santibañes
BACKGROUND: Adult liver recipients (ALR) differ from the general population with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) as they exhibit: reconstructed biliary anatomy, recurrent hospitalizations, poor clinical condition and are subjected to immunosuppression. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with PLA in ALR and to analyze the management experience of these patients. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2016, 879 adult patients underwent liver transplantation (LT), 26 of whom developed PLA...
February 26, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Koichi Kinoshita, Toru Beppu, Tatsunori Miyata, Kunitaka Kuramoto, Yasushi Yoshida, Naoki Umesaki, Yuki Kitano, Shigeki Nakagawa, Hirohisa Okabe, Hidetoshi Nitta, Katsunori Imai, Hiromitsu Hayashi, Yo-Ichi Yamashita, Hiroyuki Komori, Kei Horino, Atsunobu Misumi, Hideo Baba
A 70-year-old man with a growing liver tumor had undergone subtotal gastrectomy with pancreaticoduodenectomy for gastric cancer (T4b P0 H0 N1, Stage IIIB) 30 months before admission to our hospital. Enhanced computed tomography revealed two hypervascular nodules in segments 4 and 8. After histological diagnosis of small liver metastases from gastric cancer in segment 8, the patient underwent open microwave coagulation therapy (MCT) for the tumor (diameter: 30 mm) in segment 4. MCT was performed by using 1.5-cm and 3-cm monopolar needle electrodes with 22 times of puncture under the condition of 100 W × 60 sec...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
Toshiaki Aida, Masayuki Shiobara, Kazuo Wakatsuki, Shuka Arai, Kosuke Suda, Kotaro Miyazawa, Tetsutaro Miyoshi, Yoshihisa Takahashi, Shigeru Yoshioka
The patient was a 70-year-old man. He was diagnosed with advanced transverse colon cancer. A computed tomography (CT)revealed liver metastasis and tumor thrombosis of portal vein. We started combination chemotherapy with capecita- bine/oxaliplatin(CapeOX). Perforation of the tumor was observed 5 days after CapeOX therapy was started. Treatment with abscess drainage and ileostmy, infection was controlled and general condition was improved. After 9 courses of CapeOX, we changed chemotherapy regimen to irinotecan/tegafur-gimeracil-oteracilpotassium (IRIS)due to strong side effects...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Asako Doi, Takeshi Morimoto, Kentaro Iwata
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of short duration antimicrobial therapy for acute cholangitis with bacteraemia. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with acute bacteraemic cholangitis with successful biliary duct drainage at a single centre in Japan. We compared short-course antimicrobial therapy (SCT, ≤7 days) and long-course therapy (LCT, ≥8 days), with a primary outcome of 30-day mortality. We constructed logistic regression models for mortality and a composite outcome, including mortality, recurrence, recrudescence, new bacteraemia, liver abscess or other complications related to cholangitis...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Yoshihito Nakayama, Nobukazu Watanabe, Harue Akasaka
We report a rare case of intractable bile leakage after liver resection due to stenosis of the anastomosis of a choledochojejunostomy after pancreaticoduodenectomy. A 65-year-old woman was diagnosed with pancreatic and right breast cancer, and underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy and right mastectomy with simultaneous axillary lymph node dissection. Adjuvant chemotherapy and follow-up were performed in our department. After 18 months, computed tomography revealed a liver metastasis of 2.5 cm in segment 8. Because the primary nest of liver metastasis was unknown and performing a biopsy was difficult due to the location, partial resection of the liver was performed...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Makoto Aoki, Hiroyuki Fukunari, Yosuke Kawai, Akemi Watanabe, Yuya Umebayashi, Toshifumi Saito, Kenji Shitara, Tetsuji Hayashi
A 67-year-old woman underwent laparoscopy-assisted left hemicolectomy for early descending colon cancer(pTis, pN0, cH0, cM0, Stage 0).Her postoperative course was uneventful, without fever and/or tenderness at the anastomotic site.A month following discharge from the hospital, enhanced computed tomography revealed a liver abscess measuring 80mm in diameter at the lateral segment and a left adrenal abscess measuring 30mm in diameter.Although some free air and fluid collection was noted near the anastomotic site, there was no tenderness, and a gastrografin enema did not reveal leakage and/or pooling of the contrast agent near the anastomotic site...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Masataka Kikuyama, Naofumi Shirane, Shinya Kawaguchi, Shuzou Terada, Tsuyoshi Mukai, Ken Sugimoto
AIM: To investigate whether an uncovered self-expandable metal stent (UCSEMS) with a large diameter could prevent recurrent biliary obstruction (RBO). METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with malignant biliary obstruction underwent treatment with an UCSEMS with a 14-mm diameter (Niti-S 14). Retrospectively, we evaluated technical and functional success rate, RBO rate, time to RBO, survival time, and adverse events in these patients. RESULTS: Stent placement success and functional success were achieved in all patients...
January 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
In Sun Yoon, Ji Hoon Shin, Kichang Han, Pyo Nyun Kim, Ki Hun Kim, Yoon-Koo Kang, Heung Kyu Ko
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and feasibility of intraoperative radiofrequency ablation (IORFA) under ultrasound guidance for the treatment of liver metastases from gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Materials and Methods: From August 2009 to February 2017, 24 patients with liver metastases of GISTs underwent IORFA, 14 underwent concurrent IORFA and primary GIST resection, and 10 underwent IORFA to treat hepatic recurrence after previous primary GIST resection...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
Marina Gorelik, Braulio Sabates, Adel Elkbuli, Tony Dunne
INTRODUCTION: Small intestine gastrointestinal stromal tumors can infrequently present with intra-abdominal abscess, perforation, obstruction or fistula. Tumor-small intestine fistula is a rare phenomenon and occurs as a result of GISTs' propensity to cause mucosal ulceration. This allows bacteria from the gut to gain access to the systemic circulation and predisposes the patient to bacteremia and pyogenic liver abscess. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of a 63-year-old female whose initial symptoms included fever, nausea, vomiting and right upper quadrant pain...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Mauricio Antonio Escobar, John Mason McClellan, William Thomas
The patient is a girl aged 17 years who originally presented at age 11 years with a solid pseudopapillary tumour (SPT) in the head of the pancreas treated by an R0 pylorus-preserving Whipple procedure. The patient underwent surveillance CT every 3 months for the first year followed by MRI every 6 months. She was noted to have a new liver lesion in Couinaud segment VI highly suspicious for metastasis at 30 months. Liver wedge biopsy confirmed metastatic SPT. Two months later two new lesions were noted in Couinaud segment VII...
December 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Masateru Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Tahara, Michinori Hamaoka, Seiichi Shimizu, Shintaro Kuroda, Masahiro Ohira, Kentaro Ide, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Hideki Ohdan
INTRODUCTION: Reflux cholangitis is a frequent complication of Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 68-year-old male underwent left lobectomy of the liver, bile duct resection and choledochojejunostomy for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma located in Segment 2 of the liver, 40mm in diameter with a lymph node metastasis 5 years ago. He had frequent recurrences of postoperative reflux cholangitis and hepatic abscesses and was treated with antibiotics each time...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Hwee Leong Tan, Ye Xin Koh, Weng Kit Lye, Ser Yee Lee, Brian Kim Poh Goh, Siong San Tan, Adrian Kah Heng Chiow, Chung Yip Chan
BACKGROUND: Recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC) has a high risk of disease recurrence. We present our experience with RPC and examine the factors associated with disease recurrence. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients with RPC treated at two tertiary institutions between January 1990 and December 2013. Patients with liver atrophy and/or abscess were categorized as being associated with parenchymal disease (PD). RESULTS: We studied 157 patients with a median age of 59...
December 11, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Kyawzaw Lin, Aung Naing Lin, Sandar Linn, Madhavi Reddy, Anjali Bakshi
Gram-negative urease-producing bacilli, Providencia stuartii (P. stuartii), is reported in urinary tract infections, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia in humans but they rarely present with a hepatic abscess. We present a rare case of a recurrent suprahepatic cyst due to P. stuartii in a 45-year-old female, intravenous ( IV) heroin abuser with chronic hepatitis B and C. A 45-year-old female with 10 days status post right suprahepatic abscess drainage presented with recurrent, right, upper quadrant abdominal pain for one day...
September 16, 2017: Curēus
David M Straughan, Kaitlin C McLoughlin, John E Mullinax, Beatriz E Marciano, Alexandra F Freeman, Victoria L Anderson, Gulbu Uzel, Saїd C Azoury, Rebecca Sorber, Humair S Quadri, Harry L Malech, Suk See DeRavin, Natasha Kamal, Christopher Koh, Christa S Zerbe, Douglas B Kuhns, John I Gallin, Theo Heller, Steven M Holland, Udo Rudloff
Background: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare genetic disorder causing recurrent infections. Over one quarter of patients develop hepatic abscesses and liver dysfunction. Recent reports suggest disease-modifying treatment with corticosteroids is effective for these abscesses. Comparison of corticosteroid therapy to traditional invasive treatments has not been performed. Methods: Records of 268 patients with CGD treated at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) from 1980 to 2014 were reviewed...
November 14, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Taito Kitano, Yuki Nishikawa, Satoru Sueyoshi, Noriko Horikawa, Hiroyuki Nakagawa, Sayaka Yoshida
Hepatic abscess in chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is very refractory and frequently requires multiple surgeries with frequent morbidities. Although surgical interventions are often required, patients are often not able to have surgery for various reasons. We present the case of a 21-year-old man with recurrent hepatic abscess in CGD. We could not provide surgical interventions due to the lack of a fluid cavity and the patient's refusal, and therefore we administered transcatheter arterial antimicrobial and steroid therapy...
March 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Shao-Hua Shi, Xiao-Ning Feng, Zhuo-Yi Wang, Ke Sun, Jing-Feng Xu, Hai-Shen Kong, Shu-Sen Zheng
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cholangitis, bacteremia and pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) can be often caused by intrahepatic bile ducts stone (IBDS), which is endemic to Southeast Asia. The association between IBDS and cholangiocarcinoma has been well recognized. Concomitant cholangiocarcinoma in the PLA related to IBDS is often missed. METHODS: A case-control study consisting of 64 patients with PLA related to IBDS and 256 control patients with PLA not related to IBDS was used to investigate clinical features of PLA and incidence of concomitant cholangiocarcinoma in patients with PLA related to IBDS...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Brian T Welch, J J Schmitz, A N Kurup, T D Atwell, M R Callstrom, G Frey, R Paz-Fumagalli, A Allen, K Watt, J Heimbach, G D Schmit
PURPOSE: To examine the safety, feasibility, and oncologic control following percutaneous image-guided thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a transplanted allograft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review was performed to identify patients who underwent liver transplantation for HCC and subsequently underwent percutaneous hepatic thermal ablation for recurrent HCC within the allograft between January 1st, 2000-September 1st, 2016. Eleven patients with hepatic allograft HCC underwent twelve percutaneous thermal ablation procedures to treat 16 lesions...
September 21, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
Stefan Buettner, Cecilia G Ethun, George Poultsides, Thuy Tran, Kamran Idrees, Chelsea A Isom, Matthew Weiss, Ryan C Fields, Bradley Krasnick, Sharon M Weber, Ahmed Salem, Robert C G Martin, Charles R Scoggins, Perry Shen, Harveshp D Mogal, Carl Schmidt, Eliza Beal, Ioannis Hatzaras, Rivfka Shenoy, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Shishir K Maithel, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSI) are one of the most common complications after hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery. Infectious complications may lead to an associated immune-modulatory effect that inhibits the body's response to cancer surveillance. We sought to define the impact of SSI on long-term prognosis of patients undergoing surgical resection of extrahepatic biliary malignancies (EHBM). METHODS: Patients undergoing surgery for EHBM between 2000 and 2014 were identified using a large, multi-center, national cohort dataset...
November 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Hiroshi Morioka, Mitsutaka Iguchi, Teiji Kuzuya, Hiroshige Mikamo, Tetsuya Yagi
RATIONALE: Clostridium difficile bacteremia (CDB) and liver abscess is a quite rare presentation of C. difficile infection. PATIENTS CONCERNS: A 74-year-old male with primary biliary cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) developed a high fever on post-TACE day 14. Intravenous ceftriaxone and following meropenem were administered, however, his clinical response was poor. On post-TACE day 24, 2 sets of blood culture were taken due to elevation of C-reactive protein levels...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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