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MALDI Imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775065/maldi-imaging-analysis-of-neuropeptides-in-africanized-honeybee-apis-mellifera-brain-effect-of-aggressiveness
#1
Marcel Pratavieira, Anally Ribeiro da Silva Menegasso, Franciele Grego Esteves, Kenny Umino Sato, Osmar Malaspina, Mario Sérgio Palma
The aggressiveness in honeybees seems to be regulated by multiple genes, under the influence of different factors, such as polyethism of workers, environmental factors, and response to alarm pheromones, creating a series of behavioral responses. It is suspected that neuropeptides seem to be involved with the regulation of the aggressive behavior. The role of allatostatin and tachykinin-related neuropeptides in honeybee brain during the aggressive behavior is unknown; thus, worker honeybees were stimulated to attack and to sting leather targets hanged in front of the colonies...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770838/metal-oxide-nanoparticles-for-latent-fingerprint-visualization-and-analysis-of-small-drug-molecules-using-surface-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#2
Mohamed O Amin, Metwally Madkour, Entesar Al-Hetlani
We explored the applicability of different metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs; ZnO, TiO2 , Fe2 O3 , and CeO2 ) for the optical imaging and mass spectrometric determination of small drug molecules in latent fingerprints (LFPs). Optical imaging was achieved using a dry method-simply dusting the LFPs with a minute amount of NP powder-and still images were captured using a digital microscope and a smartphone camera. Mass spectrometric determination was performed using the NPs as substrates for surface-assisted laser desorption ionization/mass spectrometry (SALDI-MS), which enabled the detection of small drug molecules with high signal intensities...
May 17, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761443/mass-spectrometry-imaging-msi-for-plant-metabolomics
#3
Berin A Boughton, Dinaiz Thinagaran
Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is a developing technique to measure the spatiotemporal distribution of many biomolecules in tissues. Over the preceding decade MSI has been adopted by plant biologists and applied in a broad range of areas including: primary metabolism, natural products, plant defense, plant responses to abiotic and biotic stress, plant lipids, and the developing field of spatial metabolomics. This methods chapter covers preparation of plant tissues for matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI)-MSI, including sample embedding and freezing, sectioning, mounting, and matrix deposition using both sublimation and spray deposition prior to MSI analysis...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759594/liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-based-metabolomics-and-lipidomics-reveal-toxicological-mechanisms-of-bisphenol-f-in-breast-cancer-xenografts
#4
Chao Zhao, Peisi Xie, Hailin Wang, Zongwei Cai
Bisphenol F (BPF) is a major alternative to bisphenol (BPA) and has been widely used. Although BPA exposure is known to generate various toxic effects, toxicity of BPF remains under-explored. A comprehensive method involving mass spectrometry (MS)-based global lipidomics and metabolomics, and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry (MALDI)- MS imaging (MSI) was used to study toxic effects of BPF and the underlying mechanisms on tumor metastasis-related tissues (liver and kidney) in breast cancer xenografts...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757646/inhibition-of-breast-cancer-cell-migration-by-cyclotides-isolated-from-pombalia-calceolaria
#5
Meri Emili F Pinto, Jhenny Z G Najas, Luma G Magalhães, Antonio F Bobey, Jacqueline N Mendonça, Norberto P Lopes, Flávia M Leme, Simone P Teixeira, Marcelo Trovó, Adriano D Andricopulo, Johannes Koehbach, Christian W Gruber, Eduardo Maffud Cilli, Vanderlan S Bolzani
Two new bracelet cyclotides from roots of Pombalia calceolaria with potential anticancer activity have been characterized in this work. The cyclotides Poca A and B (1 and 2) and the previously known CyO4 (3) were de novo sequenced by MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry (MS). The MS2 spectra were examined and the amino acid sequences were determined. The purified peptides were tested for their cytotoxicity and effects on cell migration of MDA-MB-231, a triple-negative breast cancer cell line. The isolated cyclotides reduced the number of cancer cells by more than 80% at 20 μM, and the concentration-related cytotoxic responses were observed with IC50 values of 1...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754423/imaging-mass-spectrometry-for-characterization-of-atrial-fibrillation-subtypes
#6
Oliver Klein, Thorsten Hanke, Grit Nerbrich, Junfeng Yan, Benedikt Schubert, Patrick Giavalisco, Frank Noack, Herbert Thiele, Salah A Mohamed
PURPOSE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cardiac arrhythmia characterized by a rapid and irregular heart rhythm. AF types, paroxysmal (PX), persistent (PE) and long-lasting persistent (LSP), requires differences in clinical management. Unfortunately, a significant proportion of AF patients are clinical misclassified. Therefore, our study aim that MALDI-Imaging (IMS) is valuable as a diagnostic aid in AF subtypes assessment. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients were clinically classified according guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology...
May 13, 2018: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752761/spatial-analysis-of-lipid-metabolites-and-expressed-genes-reveals-tissue-specific-heterogeneity-of-lipid-metabolism-in-high-and-low-oil-brassica-napus-l-seeds
#7
Shaoping Lu, Drew Sturtevant, Mina Aziz, Cheng Jin, Qing Li, Kent D Chapman, Liang Guo
Despite the importance of oilseeds to worldwide human nutrition, and more recently to the production of bio-based diesel fuels, the detailed mechanisms regulating seed oil biosynthesis remain partly understood, especially from a tissue-specific perspective. Here, we investigated the spatial distributions of lipid metabolites and transcripts involved in oil biosynthesis from seeds of two low-erucic acid genotypes of Brassica napus with high and low seed oil content. Integrated results from matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) of lipids in situ, lipidome profiling of extracts from seed tissues, and tissue-specific transcriptome analysis revealed complex spatial distribution patterns of lipids and transcripts...
May 11, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748547/region-of-interest-analysis-using-mass-spectrometry-imaging-of-mitochondrial-and-sarcomeric-proteins-in-acute-cardiac-infarction-tissue
#8
Yuka Yajima, Takuya Hiratsuka, Yu Kakimoto, Shuichiro Ogawa, Keisuke Shima, Yuzo Yamazaki, Kenichi Yoshikawa, Keiji Tamaki, Tatsuaki Tsuruyama
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization image mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS) has been developed for the identification of peptides in various tissues. The MALDI-IMS signal distribution patterns and quantification of the signal intensities of the regions of interest (ROI) with healthy regions were compared for identification of the disease specific biomarkers. We performed a new ROI analysis using the conventional t-test and data number independent Cohen's d-value analysis. Using these techniques, we analysed heart tissues after acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745432/improved-spectra-for-maldi-msi-of-peptides-using-ammonium-phosphate-monobasic-in-maldi-matrix
#9
Yasemin Ucal, Aysel Ozpinar
MALDI mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) enables analysis of peptides along with histology. However, there are several critical steps in MALDI MSI of peptides, one of which is spectral quality. Suppression of MALDI matrix clusters by the aid of ammonium salts in MALDI experiments is well-known. It is asserted that addition of ammonium salts dissociates potential matrix adducts and thereafter decreases matrix cluster formation. Consequently, MALDI MS sensitivity and mass accuracy increases. Up to our knowledge, a limited number of MALDI MSI studies used ammonium salts as matrix additives to suppress matrix clusters and enhance peptide signals...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737333/multimodal-imaging-of-undecalcified-tissue-sections-by-maldi-ms-and-%C3%AE-xrf
#10
Anastasiya Svirkova, Anna Turyanskaya, Lukas Perneczky, Christina Streli, Martina Marchetti-Deschmann
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometric imaging (MALDI MSI) is a technique that provides localized information on intact molecules in a sample. Micro X-ray fluorescence (μXRF) imaging allows the examination of the spatial distribution of elements in a sample without any morphological changes. These methods have already been applied separately to different tissues, organs, plants and bacterial films, but, to the best of our knowledge, they have yet to be coupled in a multimodal analysis...
May 8, 2018: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719624/distribution-of-erlotinib-in-rash-and-normal-skin-in-cancer-patients-receiving-erlotinib-visualized-by-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-mass-spectrometry-imaging
#11
Meiko Nishimura, Mitsuhiro Hayashi, Yu Mizutani, Kei Takenaka, Yoshinori Imamura, Naoko Chayahara, Masanori Toyoda, Naomi Kiyota, Toru Mukohara, Hiroaki Aikawa, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Akinobu Hamada, Hironobu Minami
Background: The development of skin rashes is the most common adverse event observed in cancer patients treated with epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as erlotinib. However, the pharmacological evidence has not been fully revealed. Results: Erlotinib distribution in the rashes was more heterogeneous than that in the normal skin, and the rashes contained statistically higher concentrations of erlotinib than adjacent normal skin in the superficial skin layer (229 ± 192 vs...
April 6, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716651/overexpressed-hdac8-in-cervical-cancer-cells-shows-functional-redundancy-of-tubulin-deacetylation-with-hdac6
#12
G R Vanaja, Hemalatha Golaconda Ramulu, Arunasree M Kalle
BACKGROUND: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are involved in epigenetic gene regulation via deacetylation of acetylated lysine residues of both histone and non-histone proteins. Among the 18 HDACs identified in humans, HDAC8, a class I HDAC, is best understood structurally and enzymatically. However, its precise subcellular location, function in normal cellular physiology, its protein partners and substrates still remain elusive. METHODS: The subcellular localization of HDAC8 was studied using immunofluorescence and confocal imaging...
May 2, 2018: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708238/quantitative-analysis-of-multiple-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-images-using-chemometric-methods-quantitation-of-chlordecone-in-mouse-liver
#13
Saeedeh Mohammadi, Hadi Parastar
In this work, a chemometrics-based strategy is developed for quantitative mass spectrometry imaging (MSI). In this regard, quantification of chlordecone as a carcinogenic organochlorinated pesticide (C10Cll0O) in mouse liver using the matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization MSI (MALDI-MSI) method is used as a case study. The MSI datasets corresponded to 1, 5 and 10 days of mouse exposure to the standard chlordecone in the quantity range of 0 to 450 μg g-1. The binning approach in the m/z direction is used to group high resolution m/z values and to reduce the big data size...
April 30, 2018: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700313/extraction-of-cage-like-sporopollenin-exine-capsules-from-dandelion-pollen-grains
#14
Tengfei Fan, Jae Hyeon Park, Quynh Anh Pham, Ee-Lin Tan, Raghavendra C Mundargi, Michael G Potroz, Haram Jung, Nam-Joon Cho
Pollen-based microcapsules such as hollow sporopollenin exine capsules (SECs) have emerged as excellent drug delivery and microencapsulation vehicles. To date, SECs have been extracted primarily from a wide range of natural pollen species possessing largely spherical geometries and uniform surface features. Nonetheless, exploring pollen species with more diverse architectural features could lead to new application possibilities. One promising class of candidates is dandelion pollen grains, which possess architecturally intricate, cage-like microstructures composed of robust sporopollenin biopolymers...
April 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696977/distribution-analysis-of-anthocyanins-sugars-and-organic-acids-in-strawberry-fruits-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-imaging-mass-spectrometry
#15
Hirofumi Enomoto, Kei Sato, Koji Miyamoto, Akira Ohtsuka, Hisakazu Yamane
Anthocyanins, sugars, and organic acids contribute to the appearance, health benefits, and taste of strawberries. However, their spatial distribution in the ripe fruit has been fully unrevealed. Therefore, we performed matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI)-IMS analysis to investigate their spatial distribution in ripe strawberries. The detection sensitivity was improved by using the TM-Sprayer for matrix application. In the receptacle, pelargonidins were distributed in the skin, cortical, and pith tissues, whereas cyanidins and delphinidins were slightly localized in the skin...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687922/analysis-of-carbohydrates-and-glycoconjugates-by-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-mass-spectrometry-an-update-for-2013-2014
#16
REVIEW
David J Harvey
This review is the eighth update of the original article published in 1999 on the application of Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI) mass spectrometry to the analysis of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates and brings coverage of the literature to the end of 2014. Topics covered in the first part of the review include general aspects such as theory of the MALDI process, matrices, derivatization, MALDI imaging, fragmentation, and arrays. The second part of the review is devoted to applications to various structural types such as oligo- and poly- saccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, glycosides, and biopharmaceuticals...
April 17, 2018: Mass Spectrometry Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682685/maldi-matrices-for-low-molecular-weight-compounds-an-endless-story
#17
REVIEW
Cosima Damiana Calvano, Antonio Monopoli, Tommaso R I Cataldi, Francesco Palmisano
Since its introduction in the 1980s, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI MS) has gained a prominent role in the analysis of high molecular weight biomolecules such as proteins, peptides, oligonucleotides, and polysaccharides. Its application to low molecular weight compounds has remained for long time challenging due to the spectral interferences produced by conventional organic matrices in the low m/z window. To overcome this problem, specific sample preparation such as analyte/matrix derivatization, addition of dopants, or sophisticated deposition technique especially useful for imaging experiments, have been proposed...
April 23, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681790/high-mass-resolution-maldi-mass-spectrometry-imaging-reveals-detailed-spatial-distribution-of-metabolites-and-lipids-in-roots-of-barley-seedlings-in-response-to-salinity-stress
#18
Lenin D Sarabia, Berin A Boughton, Thusitha Rupasinghe, Allison M L van de Meene, Damien L Callahan, Camilla B Hill, Ute Roessner
Introduction: Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is a technology that enables the visualization of the spatial distribution of hundreds to thousands of metabolites in the same tissue section simultaneously. Roots are below-ground plant organs that anchor plants to the soil, take up water and nutrients, and sense and respond to external stresses. Physiological responses to salinity are multifaceted and have predominantly been studied using whole plant tissues that cannot resolve plant salinity responses spatially...
2018: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680483/iontophoresis-stimulated-silk-fibroin-films-as-a-peptide-delivery-system-for-wound-healing
#19
Camila Nunes Lemos, Camila Cubayachi, Karina Dias, Jacqueline Nakau Mendonça, Norberto Peporine Lopes, Niege Araçari Jacometti Cardoso Furtado, Renata F V Lopez
Silk fibroin (SF) films containing a peptide, neurotensin (NT), stimulated by iontophoresis were developed with an aim to modulate the inflammatory process and prevent the growth of microorganisms typical of wounds. NT-loaded SF films composition shows predominance of β-sheet structures that conferred adequate mechanical properties, transparency, moderate roughness and low swelling index to fibroin films. Infrared spectroscopy and thermal analysis suggested the presence of non-covalent interactions between NT and fibroin...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669203/two-types-of-threonine-tagged-lipopeptides-synergize-in-host-colonization-by-pathogenic-burkholderia-species
#20
Tawatchai Thongkongkaew, Wei Ding, Evgeni Bratovanov, Emilia Oueis, Maria Garcia-Altares, Nestor Zaburannyi, Kirsten Harmrolfs, Youming Zhang, Kirstin Scherlach, Rolf Müller, Christian Hertweck
Bacterial infections of agriculturally important plants and mushrooms pose a major threat to human food sources worldwide. However, structures of chemical mediators required by the pathogen for host colonization and infection remain elusive in most cases. Here, we report two types of threonine-tagged lipopeptides conserved among mushroom and rice pathogenic Burkholderia species that facilitate bacterial infection of hosts. Genome mining, metabolic profiling of infected mushrooms and heterologous expression of orphan gene clusters allowed the discovery of these unprecedented metabolites in the mushroom pathogen Burkholderia gladioli (haereogladin, burriogladin), and the plant pathogen Burkholderia glumae (haereoglumin, and burrioglumin)...
April 18, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
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