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MALDI Imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228396/case-of-a-cerebral-abscess-caused-by-porphyromonas-gingivalis-in-a-subject-with-periodontitis
#1
Frederic Van der Cruyssen, Koenraad Grisar, Honorine Maes, Constantinus Politis
We report the case of a 65-year-old man presenting with generalised seizures after developing a right frontal brain abscess. Stereotactic aspiration and subsequent matrix assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight analyzer (MALDI-TOF) spectrometry revealed Porphyromonas gingivalis as the only causative anaerobe microorganism. Secondary incision and drainage was required due to neurological deterioration with increased dimensions of the abscess, intracranial pressure and formation of a subdural occipitoparietal empyema...
February 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225596/top-down-metabolomic-approaches-for-nitrogen-containing-metabolites
#2
Ryo Nakabayashi, Kei Hashimoto, Kiminori Toyooka, Kazuki Saito
Streamlining the processes that reveal heteroatom-containing metabolites and their biosynthetic genes is essential in integrated metabolomics studies. These metabolites are especially targeted for their potential pharmaceutical activities. By using a Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance-mass spectrometry (FTICR-MS) instrument, we provide top-down targeted metabolomic analyses using ultrahigh-resolution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), high-resolution matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI), and high-resolution imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) with (15)N labeling of nitrogen-containing metabolites...
February 22, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194967/multicellular-tumor-spheroids-combined-with-mass-spectrometric-histone-analysis-to-evaluate-epigenetic-drugs
#3
Peter E Feist, Simone Sidoli, Xin Liu, Monica M Schroll, Sharif Rahmy, Rina Fujiwara, Benjamin A Garcia, Amanda B Hummon
Multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS) are valuable in vitro tumor models frequently used to evaluate the penetration and efficacy of therapeutics. In this study, we evaluated potential differences in epigenetic markers, i.e., histone post-translational modifications (PTMs), in the layers of the HCT116 colon carcinoma MCTS. Cells were grown in agarose-coated 96 well plates, forming reproducible 1-mm-diameter MCTS. The MCTS were fractionated into three radially concentric portions, generating samples containing cells from the core, the mid and the external layers...
February 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194740/potential-of-burkholderia-seminalis-tc3-4-2r3-as-biocontrol-agent-against-fusarium-oxysporum-evaluated-by-mass-spectrometry-imaging
#4
Francisca Diana da Silva Araújo, Welington Luiz Araújo, Marcos Nogueira Eberlin
Species of genus Burkholderia display different interaction profiles in the environment, causing either several diseases in plants and animals or being beneficial to some plants, promoting their growth, and suppressing phytopathogens. Burkholderia spp. also produce many types of biomolecules with antimicrobial activity, which may be commercially used to protect crops of economic interest, mainly against fungal diseases. Herein we have applied matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) to investigate secondary metabolites produced by B...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193015/derivatization-strategies-for-the-detection-of-triamcinolone-acetonide-in-cartilage-by-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-mass-spectrometry-imaging
#5
Florian P Y Barré, Bryn Flinders, João P Garcia, Imke Jansen, Lennart R S Huizing, Tiffany Porta, Laura B Creemers, Ron M A Heeren, Berta Cillero-Pastor
Osteoarthritis (OA), characterized by degeneration of the cartilaginous tissue in articular joints, severely impairs mobility in many people worldwide. The degeneration is thought to be mediated by inflammatory processes occurring in the tissue of the joint, including the cartilage. Intra-articular administered triamcinolone acetonide (TAA) is one of the drug treatments employed to ameliorate the inflammation and pain that characterizes OA. However, the penetration and distribution of TAA into the avascular cartilage is not well understood...
December 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188274/spatial-and-temporal-mapping-of-key-lipid-species-in-brassica-napus-seeds
#6
Helen K Woodfield, Drew Sturtevant, Ljudmilla Borisjuk, Eberhard Munz, Irina A Guschina, Kent D Chapman, John L Harwood
The regulation of lipid synthesis in oil seeds is still not fully understood. Oilseed rape is the third most productive vegetable oil crop on the global market. Therefore, increasing our understanding of lipid accumulation in oilseed rape seeds is of great economic, as well as intellectual, importance. Matrix-assisted laser/desorption ionisation - mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) is a technique that allows the mapping of metabolites directly onto intact biological tissues, giving a spatial context to metabolism...
February 10, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157191/mass-spectrometry-imaging-of-kidney-tissue-sections-of-rat-subjected-to-unilateral-ureteral-obstruction
#7
Huihui Liu, Wan Li, Qing He, Jinjuan Xue, Jiyun Wang, Caiqiao Xiong, Xiaoping Pu, Zongxiu Nie
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) poses a serious threat to the quality of human life and health with an increasing incidence worldwide. Renal fibrosis is closely related to CKD and regarded as the final common pathophysiological pathway in most cases of end-stage renal diseases. Elucidating the mechanisms underlying renal fibrosis and developing novel therapeutic strategies are of great importance. Herein, matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI MSI) based on 1, 5-diaminonaphthalene hydrochloride was applied to the rat model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) to investigate metabolic changes during renal fibrosis...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154861/application-of-imaging-mass-spectrometry-approaches-to-facilitate-metal-based-anticancer-drug-research
#8
Ronald F S Lee, Sarah Theiner, Anders Meibom, Gunda Koellensperger, Bernhard K Keppler, Paul J Dyson
Mass spectrometry imaging is being increasingly used in metal-based anticancer drug development to study elemental and/or molecular drug distributions in different biological systems. The main analytical tools employed are SIMS (especially nanoSIMS), LA-ICP-MSI and MALDI-MSI as well as a combination of complementary imaging techniques. Main challenges are appropriate sample preparation methods, reliable and validated quantification strategies and a trade-off between sensitivity and spatial resolution. So far, research has mostly focused on the development of analytical methods for imaging with the long term goal to study drug uptake into tumor tissue and toxicity affected organs and to identify cellular targets of metal-based drugs...
February 3, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153232/optimization-and-evaluation-of-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometric-imaging-for-quantification-of-orally-dosed-octreotide-in-mouse-tissues
#9
Tai Rao, Boyu Shen, Zhangpei Zhu, Yuhao Shao, Dian Kang, Xinuo Li, Xiaoxi Yin, Haofeng Li, Lin Xie, Guangji Wang, Yan Liang
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-TOF-MSI) has received considerable attention in recent years since it allows molecular mapping of diverse bimolecular in animal/plant tissue sections, although some barriers still exist in absolute pixel-to-pixel quantification. Octreotide, a synthetic somatostatin analogue, has been widely used to prevent gastrointestine bleeding in the clinic. The aim of the present study is to develop a MALDI-TOF-MSI method for quantitatively visualizing spatial distribution of octreotide in mouse tissues...
April 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117928/maldi-imaging-mass-spectrometry-reveals-multiple-clinically-relevant-masses-in-colorectal-cancer-using-large-scale-tissue-microarrays
#10
Andrea Hinsch, Malte Buchholz, Sinje Odinga, Carina Borkowski, Christina Koop, Jacob R Izbicki, Marcus Wurlitzer, Till Krech, Waldemar Wilczak, Stefan Steurer, Frank Jacobsen, Eike-Christian Burandt, Phillip Stahl, Ronald Simon, Guido Sauter, Hartmut Schlüter
For identification of clinically relevant masses to predict status, grade, relapse and prognosis of colorectal cancer we applied MALDI imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) to a tissue micro array (TMA) containing formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue samples from 349 patients. Analysis of our MALDI-IMS data revealed 27 different m/z signals associated with epithelial structures. Comparison of these signals showed significant association with status, grade and Ki-67 labeling index. 15 out of 27 IMS signals revealed a significant association with survival...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110657/maldi-mass-spectrometry-imaging-of-n-linked-glycans-in-cancer-tissues
#11
R R Drake, T W Powers, E E Jones, E Bruner, A S Mehta, P M Angel
Glycosylated proteins account for a majority of the posttranslation modifications of cell surface, secreted, and circulating proteins. Within the tumor microenvironment, the presence of immune cells, extracellular matrix proteins, cell surface receptors, and interactions between stroma and tumor cells are all processes mediated by glycan binding and recognition reactions. Changes in glycosylation during tumorigenesis are well documented to occur and affect all of these associated adhesion and regulatory functions...
2017: Advances in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110653/rapid-mass-spectrometry-imaging-to-assess-the-biochemical-profile-of-pituitary-tissue-for-potential-intraoperative-usage
#12
K T Huang, S Ludy, D Calligaris, I F Dunn, E Laws, S Santagata, N Y R Agar
Pituitary adenomas are relatively common intracranial neoplasms that are frequently treated with surgical resection. Rapid visualization of pituitary tissue remains a challenge as current techniques either produce little to no information on hormone-secreting function or are too slow to practically aid in intraoperative or even perioperative decision-making. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI MSI) represents a powerful method by which molecular maps of tissue samples can be created, yielding a two-dimensional representation of the expression patterns of small molecules and proteins from biologic samples...
2017: Advances in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110652/ambient-mass-spectrometry-in-cancer-research
#13
Z Takats, N Strittmatter, J S McKenzie
Ambient ionization mass spectrometry was developed as a sample preparation-free alternative to traditional MS-based workflows. Desorption electrospray ionization (DESI)-MS methods were demonstrated to allow the direct analysis of a broad range of samples including unaltered biological tissue specimens. In contrast to this advantageous feature, nowadays DESI-MS is almost exclusively used for sample preparation intensive mass spectrometric imaging (MSI) in the area of cancer research. As an alternative to MALDI, DESI-MSI offers matrix deposition-free experiment with improved signal in the lower (<500m/z) range...
2017: Advances in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110650/maldi-ims-and-cancer-tissue-microarrays
#14
R Casadonte, R Longuespée, J Kriegsmann, M Kriegsmann
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI IMS) technology creates a link between the molecular assessment of numerous molecules and the morphological information about their special distribution. The application of MALDI IMS on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue microarrays (TMAs) is suitable for large-scale discovery analyses. Data acquired from FFPE TMA cancer samples in current research are very promising, and applications for routine diagnostics are under development...
2017: Advances in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109552/-rapid-methods-for-detection-of-bacterial-resistance-to-antibiotics
#15
Gabriel Alberto March-Rosselló
The most widely used antibiotic susceptibility testing methods in Clinical Microbiology are based on the phenotypic detection of antibiotic resistance by measuring bacterial growth in the presence of the antibiotic being tested. These conventional methods take typically 24hours to obtain results. Here we review the main techniques for rapid determination of antibiotic susceptibility. Data obtained with different methods such as molecular techniques, microarrays, commercial methods used in work routine, immunochromatographic methods, colorimetric methods, image methods, nephelometry, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, flow cytometry, chemiluminescence and bioluminescence, microfluids and methods based on cell disruption are analysed in detail...
January 18, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109049/production-of-the-antibiotic-secondary-metabolite-solanapyrone-a-by-the-fungal-plant-pathogen-ascochyta-rabiei-during-fruiting-body-formation-in-saprobic-growth
#16
Wonyong Kim, Jeong-Jin Park, Frank M Dugan, Tobin L Peever, David R Gang, George Vandemark, Weidong Chen
Fungi are noted producers of a diverse array of secondary metabolites, many of which are of pharmacological importance. However, the biological roles of the vast majority of these molecules during the fungal life cycle in nature remain elusive. Solanapyrones are polyketide-derived secondary metabolites produced by diverse fungal species including the plant pathogen Ascochyta rabiei. This molecule was originally thought to function as a phytotoxin facilitating pathogenesis of A. rabiei. Chemical profiling and gene expression studies showed that solanapyrone A was specifically produced during saprobic, but not parasitic growth of A...
January 21, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107912/maldi-ltq-orbitrap-mass-spectrometry-imaging-for-lipidomic-analysis-in-kidney-under-cisplatin-chemotherapy
#17
Estefanía Moreno-Gordaliza, Diego Esteban-Fernández, Alberto Lázaro, Blanca Humanes, Sarah Aboulmagd, Alberto Tejedor, Michael W Linscheid, M Milagros Gómez-Gómez
Imaging techniques for mapping molecular distributions in tissue sections can reveal valuable information on biomolecules involved in relevant biochemical processes. A method has been developed for comprehensive, reproducible and sensitive lipid imaging by matrix-assisted laser/desorption ionization-LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometry in kidney sections, showing the benefits of exact mass determination. Matrix deposition parameters for positive and negative lipid ion imaging using different matrices such as 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB), 9-aminoacridine (9-AA) or α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (CHCA) have been optimized for the broadest detection and identification of renal lipids...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107809/plasma-protein-profiling-for-potential-biomarkers-in-the-early-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Yuki Kitamura, Ryoko Usami, Sahoko Ichihara, Hirotaka Kida, Masayuki Satoh, Hidekazu Tomimoto, Mariko Murata, Shinji Oikawa
OBJECTIVES: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in elderly persons. Since the pathology of AD develops slowly from a preclinical or early phase into a fully expressed clinical syndrome, at the time of diagnosis the disease has been progressing for many years. To facilitate the early diagnosis of AD, we performed protein profiling of blood in patients with mild AD as defined by the Functional Assessment Staging (FAST) scale. METHODS: Plasma samples from mild AD patients and healthy controls were analyzed using two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) combined with matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF/MS) followed by peptide mass fingerprinting...
March 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102381/maldi-imaging-enables-direct-observation-of-kinetic-and-thermodynamic-products-of-mixed-peptide-fiber-assembly
#19
Karima Medini, Brandi West, David E Williams, Margaret A Brimble, Juliet A Gerrard
Controlling the self-assembly of multicomponent systems provides a key to designing new materials and understanding the molecular complexity of biology. Here, we demonstrate the first use of MALDI-imaging to characterize a multicomponent self-assembling peptide fiber. Observations of mixed peptide systems over time demonstrate how simple sequence variation can change the balance between kinetic and thermodynamic products.
January 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091541/apelin-receptor-homodimer-oligomers-revealed-by-single-molecule-imaging-and-novel-g-protein-dependent-signaling
#20
Xin Cai, Bo Bai, Rumin Zhang, Chunmei Wang, Jing Chen
The apelin receptor (APJ) belongs to family A of the G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and is a potential pharmacotherapeutic target for heart failure, hypertension, and other cardiovascular diseases. There is evidence APJ heterodimerizes with other GPCRs; however, the existence of APJ homodimers and oligomers remains to be investigated. Here, we measured APJ monomer-homodimer-oligomer interconversion by monitoring APJ dynamically on cells and compared their proportions, spatial arrangement, and mobility using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy, resonance energy transfer, and proximity biotinylation...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
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