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MALDI Imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527668/imaging-mass-spectrometry-ims-of-cortical-lipids-from-preclinical-to-severe-stages-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
E Gónzalez de San Román, I Manuel, M T Giralt, I Ferrer, R Rodríguez-Puertas
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease affecting millions of patients worldwide. Previous studies have demonstrated alterations in the lipid composition of lipid extracts from plasma and brain samples of AD patients. However, there is no consensus regarding the qualitative and quantitative changes of lipids in brains from AD patients. In addition, the recent developments in imaging mass spectrometry methods are leading to a new stage in the in situ analysis of lipid species in brain tissue slices from human postmortem samples...
May 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523508/rodent-whole-body-sectioning-and-maldi-mass-spectrometry-imaging
#2
Paul J Trim
Here, we describe a method for obtaining whole-body MALDI imaging data. MALDI imaging provides chemical compound-specific information not attainable with conventional histology techniques. The specificity of mass spectrometry with the addition of spatial information makes this a very powerful technique, especially for the analysis of endogenous and exogenous small molecules. This chapter will provide the reader with a comprehensive description of the techniques involved in obtaining high-quality MALDI mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) data from large tissue sections...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523506/maldi-mass-spectrometry-profiling-and-imaging-applied-to-the-analysis-of-latent-fingermarks
#3
Robert Bradshaw
Latent fingermarks are derived from a transfer of material from the fingertips to a surface upon contact. Traditionally, fingermarks are employed for biometric identification of individuals based on matching of the pattern of the ridges. However, in recent years, there has been a stark increase in the use of advanced analytical techniques in order to obtain additional information, specifically the chemical composition of the residue. Understanding the complexity of the endogenous and exogenous content of fingermarks could be extremely useful in allowing further development of enhancement techniques currently used in forensic scenarios by identifying potential target molecules...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523503/hierarchical-cluster-analysis-to-aid-diagnostic-image-data-visualization-of-ms-and-other-medical-imaging-modalities
#4
Arul N Selvan, Laura M Cole, Lynne Spackman, Sarah Naylor, Chris Wright
Perceiving abnormal regions in the images of different medical modalities plays a crucial role in diagnosis and subsequent treatment planning. In medical images to visually perceive abnormalities' extent and boundaries requires substantial experience. Consequently, manually drawn region of interest (ROI) to outline boundaries of abnormalities suffers from limitations of human perception leading to inter-observer variability. As an alternative to human drawn ROI, it is proposed the use of a computer-based segmentation algorithm to segment digital medical image data...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523502/maldi-ms-imaging-in-the-study-of-glomerulonephritis
#5
Andrew Smith, Manuel Galli, Vincenzo L'Imperio, Fabio Pagni, Fulvio Magni
Glomerulonephritis (GNs) are one of the most frequent causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD), a renal condition that often leads to end-stage renal failure, and a careful assessment of these diseases is essential for prognostic and therapeutic purposes. The application of MALDI-MSI directly on bioptic renal tissue represents a new stimulating perspective and facilitates the detection of specific proteomic indicators that are directly correlated with the pathological alterations that occur within the glomeruli during the development of glomerulonephritis...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523501/peptide-imaging-maximizing-peptide-yield-optimization-of-the-peptide-mass-fingerprint
#6
Ekta Patel
In Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging (MALDI-MSI), identification of observed proteins remains a challenge primarily due to the drop in sensitivity of time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometers beyond the mass range of 25-35 kDa (Francese et al. High Throughput Screen 12: 156-174, 2009) and inadequate mass resolving power at those molecular weights. To counteract this, a bottom-up proteomic approach is often employed. Proteolysis digests proteins into smaller peptide fragments, typically between 500 and 3000 Da which are easier to detect with a higher mass accuracy...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523499/droplet-based-liquid-extraction-for-spatially-resolved-microproteomics-analysis-of-tissue-sections
#7
Maxence Wisztorski, Jusal Quanico, Julien Franck, Benoit Fatou, Michel Salzet, Isabelle Fournier
Obtaining information on protein content while keeping their localization on tissue or organ is of importance in different domains to understand pathophysiological processes. There is increasing interest in studying the microenvironment and heterogeneity of tumors, which currently is difficult with existing proteomics techniques. The advent of new techniques, like MALDI Mass Spectrometry Imaging, made a significant progress in the last decade but is characterized by a number of inherent drawbacks. One of these is the limited identification of proteins...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523498/maldi-msi-analysis-of-cytological-smears-the-study-of-thyroid-cancer
#8
Niccolò Mosele, Andrew Smith, Manuel Galli, Fabio Pagni, Fulvio Magni
Fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsies are the current gold-standard for the preoperative evaluation of thyroid nodules. However, a significant number of them (15-30%) are unable to be affirmatively diagnosed and are given an "indeterminate for malignancy" final report, meaning that the malignant nature of the thyroid nodule remains unknown and the recommended therapeutic approach is total thyroidectomy. Furthermore, cytomorphological evaluation of biopsies taken post-surgery indicates that approximately 80% of nodules within this group of patients are in fact benign, and the total thyroidectomy unwarranted...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523497/maldi-msi-of-lipids-in-human-skin
#9
Philippa J Hart, Malcolm R Clench
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry (MS) is now a well-established technique for imaging analysis of sectioned biological tissues. One of the growing areas of interest is in the analysis of skin. MALDI-MSI can provide a wealth of information from within sections of skin. This includes information on the distribution of pharmaceuticals following topical treatments, through to the examination of the composition of different skin layers and studies of proteomic, lipidomic, and metabolomic responses to disease, wounds, and external stimuli...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523496/imaging-ms-of-rodent-ocular-tissues-and-the-optic-nerve
#10
David M G Anderson, Wendi Lambert, David J Calkins, Zsolt Ablonczy, Rosalie K Crouch, Richard M Caprioli, Kevin L Schey
The visual system is comprised of many specialized cell types that are essential for relaying sensory information about an animal's surroundings to the brain. The cells present in ocular tissue are notoriously delicate, making it particularly challenging to section thin slices of unfixed tissue. Maintaining the morphology of the native tissue is crucial for accurate observations by either conventional staining techniques or in this instance matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI IMS) or imaging using mass spectrometry...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523495/fresh-frozen-versus-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-for-mass-spectrometry-imaging
#11
Ekta Patel
Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization (MALDI) Mass Spectrometry Imaging (MSI) is fast becoming an industry leading technique as a means of investigating the distributions of protein and peptide molecules directly from sections of tissue. Developing protocols for the analysis of FFPE tissue opens up numerous opportunities for novel biomarker discovery, due to the large number of tissue banks containing FFPE biopsy samples. This chapter reports the analysis of both fresh frozen and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues using such protocols...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509357/characterization-of-microbial-mixtures-by-mass-spectrometry
#12
REVIEW
Todd R Sandrin, Plamen A Demirev
MS applications in microbiology have increased significantly in the past 10 years, due in part to the proliferation of regulator-approved commercial MALDI MS platforms for rapid identification of clinical infections. In parallel, with the expansion of MS technologies in the "omics" fields, novel MS-based research efforts to characterize organismal as well as environmental microbiomes have emerged. Successful characterization of microorganisms found in complex mixtures of other organisms remains a major challenge for researchers and clinicians alike...
May 16, 2017: Mass Spectrometry Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508925/using-maldi-tof-ms-imaging-and-lc-hrms-for-the-investigation-of-the-degradation-of-polycaprolactone-diol-exposed-to-different-wastewater-treatments
#13
Daniel Rivas, Bozo Zonja, Peter Eichhorn, Antoni Ginebreda, Sandra Pérez, Damià Barceló
Polymers are used in high amounts in a wide range of applications from biomedicine to industry. Because of the growing awareness of the increasing amounts of plastic wastes in the aquatic environment during recent years, the evaluation of their biodegradability deserves special attention. In the past, most efforts were dedicated to studying the biodegradation of polyesters in soil and compost, while very little research has been conducted on their fate in wastewater. Here, we assessed the ability of bacterial communities residing in the aerobic and denitrification tank from a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) to degrade the polymeric ester polycaprolactone diol (PCLD; average molecular weight of 1250 Da)...
May 16, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508367/combined-maldi-mass-spectrometry-imaging-and-parafilm-assisted-microdissection-based-lc-ms-ms-workflows-in-the-study-of-the-brain
#14
Jusal Quanico, Julien Franck, Maxence Wisztorski, Michel Salzet, Isabelle Fournier
Proteins and other biomolecules such as lipids are significant players in the central nervous system and are implicated in various neurological disorders. Their identification, quantification, and distribution are thus important not only in understanding the disease but also in developing treatments. A combined workflow allowing the localized microextraction of discrete regions identified by a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MSI) imaging experiment for proteomics analysis by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC MS/MS) is described in this chapter...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493035/overlapping-maldi-mass-spectrometry-imaging-for-in-parallel-ms-and-ms-ms-data-acquisition-without-sacrificing-spatial-resolution
#15
Rebecca L Hansen, Young Jin Lee
Metabolomics experiments require chemical identifications, often through MS/MS analysis. In mass spectrometry imaging (MSI), this necessitates running several serial tissue sections or using a multiplex data acquisition method. We have previously developed a multiplex MSI method to obtain MS and MS/MS data in a single experiment to acquire more chemical information in less data acquisition time. In this method, each raster step is composed of several spiral steps and each spiral step is used for a separate scan event (e...
May 10, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489027/direct-analyses-of-secondary-metabolites-by-mass-spectrometry-imaging-msi-from-sunflower-helianthus-annuus-l-trichomes
#16
Denise Brentan Silva, Anna-Katharina Aschenbrenner, Norberto Peporine Lopes, Otmar Spring
Helianthus annuus (sunflower) displays non-glandular trichomes (NGT), capitate glandular trichomes (CGT), and linear glandular trichomes (LGT), which reveal different chemical compositions and locations in different plant tissues. With matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) and laser desorption/ionization (LDI) mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) techniques, efficient methods were developed to analyze the tissue distribution of secondary metabolites (flavonoids and sesquiterpenes) and proteins inside of trichomes...
May 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475914/identification-of-potential-biomarkers-of-hepatotoxicity-by-plasma-proteome-analysis-of-arsenic-exposed-carp-labeo-rohita
#17
Sudeshna Banerjee, Arabinda Mahanty, Sasmita Mohanty, Debendranath Guha Mazumder, Phillip Cash, Bimal Prasanna Mohanty
Arsenic (As) is a toxic environmental contaminant and potential human carcinogen. Chronic intake of arsenic-contaminated water and food leads to arsenicosis, a major public health problem in many parts of the world. Early detection of arsenic toxicity would greatly benefit patients; however, the detection of arsenicosis needs to be done early before onset of severe symptoms in which case the tools used for detection have to be both sensitive and reliable. In this context, the present study investigated plasma proteome changes in arsenic-exposed Labeo rohita, with the aim of identifying biomarkers for arsenicosis...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468273/maldi-ms-imaging-of-urushiols-in-poison-ivy-stem
#18
Mina Aziz, Drew Sturtevant, Jordan Winston, Eva Collakova, John G Jelesko, Kent D Chapman
Urushiols are the allergenic components of Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy) as well as other Toxicodendron species. They are alk-(en)-yl catechol derivatives with a 15- or 17-carbon side chain having different degrees of unsaturation. Although several methods have been developed for analysis of urushiols in plant tissues, the in situ localization of the different urushiol congeners has not been reported. Here, we report on the first analysis of urushiols in poison ivy stems by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI)...
April 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463983/imaging-mass-spectrometry-identifies-prognostic-ganglioside-species-in-rodent-intracranial-transplants-of-glioma-and-medulloblastoma
#19
Leonardo Ermini, Elena Morganti, Alexander Post, Behzad Yeganeh, Isabella Caniggia, Michael Leadley, Claudia C Faria, James T Rutka, Martin Post
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-MSI) allows us to investigate the distribution of lipid molecules within tissues. We used MALDI-MSI to identify prognostic gangliosides in tissue sections of rat intracranial allografts of rat glioma and mouse intracranial xenografts of human medulloblastoma. In the healthy adult rodent brain, GM1 and GD1 were the main types of glycolipids. Both gangliosides were absent in both intracranial transplants. The ganglioside GM3 was not present in the healthy adult brain but was highly expressed in rat glioma allografts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446534/proteomics-analysis-of-tissue-samples-reveals-changes-in-mitochondrial-protein-levels-in-parathyroid-hyperplasia-over-adenoma
#20
Gurler Akpinar, Murat Kasap, Nuh Zafer Canturk, Mehin Zulfigarova, Eylül Ece Islek, Sertac Ata Guler, Turgay Simsek, Zeynep Canturk
BACKGROUND/AIM: To unveil the pathophysiology of primary hyperparathyroidism, molecular details of parathyroid hyperplasia and adenoma have to be revealed. Such details will provide the tools necessary for differentiation of these two look-alike diseases. Therefore, in the present study, a comparative proteomic study using postoperative tissue samples from the parathyroid adenoma and parathyroid hyperplasia patients was performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Protein extracts were prepared from tissue samples (n=8 per group)...
May 2017: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
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