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Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange MS

In-Kang Song, Jae-Jin Lee, Jin-Hwan Cho, Jihye Jeong, Dong-Hae Shin, Kong-Joo Lee
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are key molecules regulating various cellular processes. However, what the cellular targets of ROS are and how their functions are regulated is unclear. This study explored the cellular proteomic changes in response to oxidative stress using H2O2 in dose- and recovery time-dependent ways. We found discernible changes in 76 proteins appearing as 103 spots on 2D-PAGE. Of these, Prxs, DJ-1, UCH-L3 and Rla0 are readily oxidized in response to mild H2O2 stress, and then degraded and active proteins are newly synthesized during recovery...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
Bin Deng, Cristina Lento, Derek J Wilson
Protein therapeutics have emerged as a major class of biopharmaceuticals over the past several decades, a trend that has motivated the advancement of bioanalytical technologies for protein therapeutic characterization. Hydrogen deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) is a powerful and sensitive technique that can probe the higher order structure of proteins and has been used in the assessment and development of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) and biosimilar antibodies. It has also been used to quantify protein-ligand, protein-receptor and other protein-protein interactions involved in signaling pathways...
October 12, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Yohei Ohashi, Nicolas Soler, Miguel García Ortegón, Lufei Zhang, Marie L Kirsten, Olga Perisic, Glenn R Masson, John E Burke, Arjen J Jakobi, Apostolos A Apostolakis, Christopher M Johnson, Maki Ohashi, Nicholas T Ktistakis, Carsten Sachse, Roger L Williams
The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase Vps34 is part of several protein complexes. The structural organization of heterotetrameric complexes is starting to emerge, but little is known about organization of additional accessory subunits that interact with these assemblies. Combining hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS), X-ray crystallography and electron microscopy (EM), we have characterized Atg38 and its human ortholog NRBF2, accessory components of complex I consisting of Vps15-Vps34-Vps30/Atg6-Atg14 (yeast) and PIK3R4/VPS15-PIK3C3/VPS34-BECN1/Beclin 1-ATG14 (human)...
September 14, 2016: Autophagy
Jürgen Claesen, Tomasz Burzykowski
Hydrogen/Deuterium exchange (HDX) has been applied, since the 1930s, as an analytical tool to study the structure and dynamics of (small) biomolecules. The popularity of using HDX to study proteins increased drastically in the last two decades due to the successful combination with mass spectrometry (MS). Together with this growth in popularity, several technological advances have been made, such as improved quenching and fragmentation. As a consequence of these experimental improvements and the increased use of protein-HDXMS, large amounts of complex data are generated, which require appropriate analysis...
September 7, 2016: Mass Spectrometry Reviews
Liping Yang, David Broderick, Yan Campbell, Adrian F Gombart, Jan F Stevens, Yuan Jiang, Victor L Hsu, William H Bisson, Claudia S Maier
We report on the molecular interactions of the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) with prenylflavonoids, an emerging class of FXR modulators. FXR is an attractive therapeutic target for mitigating metabolic syndromes (MetS) because FXR activates the inhibitory nuclear receptor, small heterodimer partner (SHP), thereby inhibiting both gluconeogenesis and de novo lipogenesis. We and others have shown that xanthohumol (XN), the principal prenylflavonoid of the hop plant (Humulus lupulus L.), is a FXR agonist based on its ability to affect lipid and glucose metabolism in vivo and to induces FXR target genes in biliary carcinoma cells and HEK293 cells...
September 3, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Zeinab E Nazari, Marco van de Weert, George Bou-Assaf, Damian Houde, Andrew Weiskopf, Kasper D Rand
Hydrogen deuterium exchange coupled to mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) has become an established method for analysis of protein higher order structure. Here, we use HDX-MS methodology based on manual solid-phase extraction (SPE) to allow fast and simplified conformational analysis of proteins under pharmaceutically relevant formulation conditions. Of significant practical utility, the methodology allows global HDX-MS analyses to be performed without refrigeration or external cooling of the setup. In mode 1, we used dimethyl sulphoxide-containing solvents for SPE, allowing the HDX-MS analysis to be performed at acceptable back-exchange levels (<30%) without the need for cooling any components of the setup...
November 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jingjie Mo, Qingrong Yan, Chi Kwong So, Tam Soden, Michael J Lewis, Ping Hu
Hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX MS) was used in two case studies to evaluate the impact of methionine (Met) oxidation on the biological functions of IgG1 antibodies. In the first case study, linear correlations were observed between the oxidation of the conserved Fc methionine residues and the loss of neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) binding and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) activity. Both heavy chain (HC) residues Met257 and Met433 were located near the FcRn binding interface as indicated by HDX MS and structural modeling; however, HC Met257 oxidation was further demonstrated to have a more significant impact on FcRn binding than HC Met433 oxidation...
October 4, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Martyna Prądzińska, Izabela Behrendt, Juan Astorga-Wells, Aleksandr Manoilov, Roman A Zubarev, Aleksandra S Kołodziejczyk, Sylwia Rodziewicz-Motowidło, Paulina Czaplewska
Human cystatin C (hCC) is a small cysteine protease inhibitor whose oligomerization by propagated domain swapping is linked to certain neurological disorders. One of the ways to prevent hCC dimerization and fibrillogenesis is to enable its interaction with a proper antibody. Herein, the sites of interaction of hCC with dimer-preventing mouse monoclonal anti-hCC antibodies Cyst28 are studied and compared with the binding sites found for mAb Cyst10 that has almost no effect on hCC dimerization. In addition, hCC epitopes in complexes with native polyclonal antibodies extracted from human serum were studied...
August 29, 2016: Amino Acids
Jingxi Pan, Suping Zhang, Christoph H Borchers
Hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) is a powerful technique for higher-order structural characterization of antibodies. Although the peptide-based bottom-up HDX approach and the protein-based top-down HDX approach have complementary advantages, the work done so far on biosimilars has involved only one or the other approach. Herein we have characterized the structures of two bevacizumab (BEV) biosimilars and compared them to the reference BEV using both methods. A sequence coverage of 87% was obtained for the heavy chain and 74% for the light chain in the bottom-up approach...
August 25, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Rane A Harrison, John R Engen
Hydrogen-deuterium exchange (HDX) mass spectrometry (MS) can provide information about proteins that can be challenging to obtain by other means. Structure/function relationships, binding interactions, and the effects of modification have all been measured with HDX MS for a diverse and growing array of signaling proteins and multiprotein signaling complexes. As a result of hardware and software improvements, receptors and complexes involved in cellular signaling-including those associated with membranes-can now be studied...
August 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Structural Biology
Attila Ambrus, Junjie Wang, Reka Mizsei, Zsofia Zambo, Beata Torocsik, Frank Jordan, Vera Adam-Vizi
Pathogenic amino acid substitutions of the common E3 component (hE3) of the human alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase and the pyruvate dehydrogenase complexes lead to severe metabolic diseases (E3 deficiency), which usually manifest themselves in cardiological and/or neurological symptoms and often cause premature death. To date, 14 disease-causing amino acid substitutions of the hE3 component have been reported in the clinical literature. None of the pathogenic protein variants has lent itself to high-resolution structure elucidation by X-ray or NMR...
August 17, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Richard Y-C Huang, Roxana E Iacob, Stanley R Krystek, Mi Jin, Hui Wei, Li Tao, Tapan K Das, Adrienne A Tymiak, John R Engen, Guodong Chen
Aggregation of protein therapeutics has long been a concern across different stages of manufacturing processes in the biopharmaceutical industry. It is often indicative of aberrant protein therapeutic higher-order structure. In this study, the aggregation propensity of a human Fc-fusion protein therapeutic was characterized. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) was applied to examine the conformational dynamics of dimers collected from a bioreactor. HDX-MS data combined with spatial aggregation propensity calculations revealed a potential aggregation interface in the Fc domain...
August 15, 2016: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Lisa Elviri, Carlo Bergonzi, Annalisa Bianchera, Ruggero Bettini
RATIONALE: Drug development efforts involving therapeutic peptides or proteins strongly lead optimization of drug delivery, drug stability, solubility and functionality. The key feature of controlled drug delivery is the use of biocompatible polymers able to interact via non-covalent bonds with an active principle through multiple functional groups. Here amide hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX) mass spectrometry was employed to localize insulin dynamics induced by interactions with three natural polysaccharides, i...
November 15, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Su Youn Lee, Hee-Seop Yoo, Hye-Seung Choi, Ka Young Chung, Min-Duk Seo
There are three subtypes of vertebrate inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor (IP3R), a Ca(2+)-release channel on the ER membrane - IP3R1, IP3R2, and IP3R3 - each of which has a distinctive role in disease development. To determine the subtype-specific IP3-binding mechanism, we compared the thermodynamics, thermal stability, and conformational dynamics between the N-terminal regions of IP3R1 (IP3R1-NT) and IP3R3 (IP3R3-NT) by performing circular dichroism (CD), isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), and hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS)...
October 15, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Joel C Bucci, Morten Beck Trelle, Carlee S McClintock, Tihami Qureshi, Thomas J D Jørgensen, Cynthia B Peterson
Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) regulates the fibrinolysis pathway by inhibiting the protease activity of plasminogen activators. PAI-1 works in concert with vitronectin (VN), an extracellular protein that aids in localization of active PAI-1 to tissues. The Peterson laboratory demonstrated that Cu(II) and other transition metals modulate the stability of PAI-1, exhibiting effects that are dependent on the presence or absence of the somatomedin B (SMB) domain of VN. The study presented here dissects the changes in molecular dynamics underlying the destabilizing effects of Cu(II) on PAI-1...
August 9, 2016: Biochemistry
Vladimir Sarpe, Atefeh Rafiei, Morgan Hepburn, Nicholas Ostan, Anthony B Schryvers, David C Schriemer
The Mass Spec Studio package was designed to support the extraction of hydrogen-deuterium exchange and covalent labeling data for a range of mass spectrometry (MS)-based workflows, to integrate with restraint-driven protein modeling activities. In this report, we present an extension of the underlying Studio framework and provide a plug-in for crosslink (XL) detection. To accommodate flexibility in XL methods and applications, while maintaining efficient data processing, the plug-in employs a peptide library reduction strategy via a presearch of the tandem-MS data...
September 2016: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Véronique Hourdel, Stevenn Volant, Darragh P O'Brien, Alexandre Chenal, Julia Chamot-Rooke, Marie-Agnès Dillies, Sébastien Brier
MOTIVATION: With the continued improvement of requisite mass spectrometers and UHPLC systems, Hydrogen/Deuterium eXchange Mass Spectrometry (HDX-MS) workflows are rapidly evolving towards the investigation of more challenging biological systems, including large protein complexes and membrane proteins. The analysis of such extensive systems results in very large HDX-MS datasets for which specific analysis tools are required to speed up data validation and interpretation. RESULTS: We introduce a web application and a new R-package named "MEMHDX" to help users analyze, validate and visualize large HDX-MS datasets...
July 13, 2016: Bioinformatics
Anita Eberl, Thomas Altendorfer-Kroath, Denise Kollmann, Thomas Birngruber, Frank Sinner, Reingard Raml, Christoph Magnes
(2)H2O as nonradioactive, stable marker substance is commonly used in preclinical and clinical studies and the precise determination of (2)H2O concentration in biological samples is crucial. However, aside from isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS), only a very limited number of methods to accurately measure the (2)H2O concentration in biological samples are routinely established until now. In this study, we present a straightforward method to accurately measure (2)H-enrichment of rat brain interstitial fluid (ISF) and rat plasma to determine the relative recovery of a cerebral open flow microperfusion (cOFM) probe, using headspace-gas-chromatography - quadrupole-mass-spectrometry...
September 15, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
Moolchand Kurmi, Dilip Kumar Singh, Shristy Tiwari, Parul Sharma, Saranjit Singh
The present study investigated drug-drug interaction behaviour of emtricitabine (FTC) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) under solid state stability test conditions. Six interaction products were separated and detected by high performance liquid chromatography coupled to photodiode array detector (HPLC-PDA) using C18 column. The same were characterized using LC-high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS), LC-multi stage mass spectrometry (LC-MS(n)) and online hydrogen/deuterium (H/D) exchange studies. The interaction pathway among the two drugs was outlined based on the elucidated structures...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Akira Kato, Toshimasa Itoh, Yasuaki Anami, Daichi Egawa, Keiko Yamamoto
To develop strong vitamin D receptor (VDR) antagonists and reveal their antagonistic mechanism, we designed and synthesized vitamin D analogues with bulky side chains based on the "active antagonist" concept in which antagonist prevents helix 12 (H12) folding. Of the synthesized analogues, compounds 3a and 3b showed strong antagonistic activity. Dynamic hydrogen/deuterium exchange coupled with mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) and static X-ray crystal structure analyses indicated that compound 3a stabilizes H11-H12 but displaces H6-H7 so that 3a is a novel rather than "active" or "passive" type of antagonist...
July 20, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
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