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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775423/successfully-striving-for-happiness-socially-engaged-pursuits-predict-increases-in-life-satisfaction
#1
Julia M Rohrer, David Richter, Martin Brümmer, Gert G Wagner, Stefan C Schmukle
Happiness is considered a highly desirable attribute, but whether or not individuals can actively steer their lives toward greater well-being is an open empirical question. In this study, respondents from a representative German sample reported, in text format, ideas for how they could improve their life satisfaction. We investigated which of these ideas predicted changes in life satisfaction 1 year later. Active pursuits per se-as opposed to statements about external circumstances or fortune-were not associated with changes in life satisfaction ( n = 1,178)...
May 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775112/attitudes-towards-severe-mental-illness-and-social-distance-a-survey-of-volunteer-befrienders-in-austria
#2
Sarah Toner, Karin Fabisch, Stefan Priebe, Gϋnter Klug
BACKGROUND: Research suggests there is a propensity for people in the general population to distance themselves from people with severe mental illness (SMI), which reportedly decreases with increased contact with individuals with SMI. Volunteer befrienders in the mental health sector have ongoing contact with this population, yet little data exist to reflect their attitudes towards people with SMI. METHOD: A questionnaire was distributed to all volunteer befrienders for people with SMI within volunteering programmes organised in five Austrian regions...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774000/does-despotic-leadership-harm-employee-family-life-exploring-the-effects-of-emotional-exhaustion-and-anxiety
#3
Shazia Nauman, Tasneem Fatima, Inam Ul Haq
Research has not focused on the negative effects of despotic leadership on subordinates' life satisfaction and the interface between work and family. Drawing on the Conservation of Resources theory, this research investigates the mediating effect of emotional exhaustion through which despotic leadership transcends from the workplace to subordinates' personal lives, resulting in work-family conflict and decreased life satisfaction. The research also examines the moderating effect of subordinates' anxiety on the relationship of their perceptions of despotic leadership with work-family conflict and life satisfaction...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772803/the-impact-of-activity-based-working-abw-on-workplace-activity-eating-behaviours-productivity-and-satisfaction
#4
Lauren Arundell, Bronwyn Sudholz, Megan Teychenne, Jo Salmon, Brooke Hayward, Genevieve N Healy, Anna Timperio
The redesign of the physical workplace according to activity-based working (ABW) principles has potential to influence employee health and workplace outcomes. This natural experiment examined changes in accelerometer-derived workplace activity, self-reported eating behaviours, productivity, workplace satisfaction before (March to November 2014) and six to nine months after moving to an ABW workplace compared to a comparison workplace ( n = 146 at baseline (56% ABW, aged 40.1 ± 8.5 years, 72% female). Interviews were also conducted with 21 ABW participants...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771543/making-stronger-causal-inferences-accounting-for-selection-bias-in-associations-between-high-performance-work-systems-leadership-and-employee-and-customer-satisfaction
#5
Joseph A Schmidt, Dionne M Pohler
We develop competing hypotheses about the relationship between high performance work systems (HPWS) with employee and customer satisfaction. Drawing on 8 years of employee and customer survey data from a financial services firm, we used a recently developed empirical technique-covariate balanced propensity score (CBPS) weighting-to examine if the proposed relationships between HPWS and satisfaction outcomes can be explained by reverse causality, selection effects, or commonly omitted variables such as leadership behavior...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769796/when-is-meaning-in-life-most-beneficial-to-young-people-styles-of-meaning-in-life-and-well-being-among-late-adolescents
#6
Dariusz Krok
The purpose of this article was to investigate the relationships between different dimensions of meaning in life and subjective and psychological well-being (PWB) among late adolescents. Three hundred and eighty four Polish participants completed The Personal Meaning Profile scale, The Satisfaction With Life Scale, The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, The PWB scale, and the Meaning in Life Questionnaire. Two studies were conducted. In Study 1, the findings revealed that personal meaning had strong relations with subjective well-being (SWB) and PWB...
2018: Journal of Adult Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768698/financial-viability-of-emergency-department-observation-unit-billing-models
#7
Christopher W Baugh, Pawan Suri, Christopher G Caspers, Michael A Granovsky, Keith Neal, Michael A Ross
BACKGROUND: Outpatients receive observation services to determine the need for inpatient admission. These services are usually provided without the use of condition-specific protocols and in an unstructured manner, scattered throughout a hospital in areas typically designated for inpatient care. Emergency department observation units (EDOUs) use protocolized care to offer an efficient alternative with shorter lengths of stay, lower costs and higher patient satisfaction. EDOU growth is limited by existing policy barriers that prevent a "two-service" model of separate professional billing for both emergency and observation services...
May 16, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768128/the-importance-of-emotional-intelligence-and-cognitive-style-in-institutionalized-older-adults-quality-of-life
#8
Octavio Luque-Reca, Manuel Pulido-Martos, Esther Lopez-Zafra, José M Augusto-Landa
Despite previous evidence showing a positive relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and quality of life (QoL), associating older adults' emotional processing with several health indicators, few studies have explored both the IE and the a mechanisms through which they affect QoL. This cross-sectional study analyzes the mediator role of optimistic and pessimistic cognitive styles in the relationship between perceived EI (PEI) and QoL in 115 institutionalized older adults from Southern Spain. Regression analyses showed, after controlling for cognitive style, that PEI predicted a significant percentage of variance in: Health (β = ...
April 2018: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767725/advancing-the-health-of-women-and-newborns-predictors-of-patient-satisfaction-among-women-attending-antenatal-and-maternity-care-in-rural-rwanda
#9
Christine Mutaganzwa, Leah Wibecan, Hari S Iyer, Evrard Nahimana, Anatole Manzi, Francois Biziyaremye, Merab Nyishime, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Hema Magge
Objective: Identify predictors of patient satisfaction with antenatal care (ANC) and maternity services in rural Rwanda. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Twenty-six health facilities in Southern Kayonza (SK) and Kirehe districts. Participants: Sample of women ≥ 16 years old receiving antenatal and delivery care between November and December 2013. Intervention: Survey of patient satisfaction with antenatal and delivery care to inform quality improvement (QI) initiatives aimed at reducing neonatal mortality...
May 15, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767417/do-concordances-of-social-support-and-relationship-quality-predict-psychological-distress-and-well-being-of-cancer-patients-and-caregivers
#10
W K Hou, K M Lau, T C Y Shum, A C K Cheng, T M C Lee
This study examined concordances of cancer patients' received and caregivers' provided support and dyadic relationship quality, and their predictive utility in prospective psychological distress and well-being. A total of 83 Chinese cancer patient-caregiver dyads were recruited in two government-funded hospitals in Hong Kong. Participants reported received (patient)/provided (caregiver) emotional and instrumental support and dyadic relationship quality within 6 months after diagnosis (T1), and anxiety and depressive symptoms, positive affect and life satisfaction at both T1 and 6-month follow-up (T2)...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765776/what-is-the-impact-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-healthcare-facilities-on-care-seeking-behaviour-and-patient-satisfaction-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-from-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#11
Maha Bouzid, Oliver Cumming, Paul R Hunter
Patient satisfaction with healthcare has clear implications on service use and health outcomes. Barriers to care seeking are complex and multiple and delays in seeking care are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We sought to assess the relationship between water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) provision in healthcare facilities (HCF) and patient satisfaction/care seeking behaviour in low-income and middle-income countries. Pubmed and Medline Ovid were searched using a combination of search terms...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764607/the-impact-of-loneliness-and-relationship-quality-on-life-satisfaction-a-longitudinal-dyadic-analysis-in-persons-with-physical-disabilities-and-their-partners
#12
Hannah Tough, Martin W G Brinkhof, Johannes Siegrist, Christine Fekete
OBJECTIVE: Persons with physical disabilities and their caregiving partners are at an increased risk of experiencing reduced life satisfaction. One potential explanation for this trend may be the potentially harmful effects of loneliness and poor relationship quality which this population often experience. To date, little is known about how the perceptions of loneliness and relationship quality affect life satisfaction in the disability and caregiving setting, furthermore the directionality of effect is not well understood...
July 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764311/changes-in-the-swinging-lifestyle-a-us-national-and-historical-comparison
#13
Claire Kimberly, Robert McGinley
Although engaging in extramarital relationships with permission from spouses has been practised for generations, relatively little is known about those who participate and how they have changed over the years. This study expands on existing research by comparing the demographics and sexual practices of those in swinging and non-swinging communities from the 1980s to those in 2016. Data from the 1980s were collected through membership forms submitted to a swinger organisation and a national dataset conducted in the USA (i...
May 15, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763977/transforming-care-to-evidence-based-practice-with-scripted-messages-an-improvement-project-for-pain-management-in-outpatient-surgical-patients
#14
Lanell M Bellury, Karen Mullinax, Judi Mozingo, Berta Dantzler, Nancy McGee
BACKGROUND: Outpatient surgeries are common and most patients experience pain postoperatively requiring nursing attention to pain management. Scripting, recommended for consistent, targeted communication to improve patient satisfaction, has limited evidence to support its use. AIMS: To explore the effect of scripted messages on self-reported pain control and patient satisfaction with care in outpatient surgical patients. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review pre- and postintervention evaluated a pain management scripted message delivered at two time points (preoperatively and postoperatively)...
May 15, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760860/effect-of-an-educational-intervention-on-medical-student-scripting-and-patient-satisfaction-a-randomized-trial
#15
Katie E Pettit, Joseph S Turner, Katherine A Pollard, Bryce B Buente, Aloysius J Humbert, Anthony J Perkins, Cherri D Hobgood, Jeffrey A Kline
Introduction: Effective communication between clinicians and patients has been shown to improve patient outcomes, reduce malpractice liability, and is now being tied to reimbursement. Use of a communication strategy known as "scripting" has been suggested to improve patient satisfaction in multiple hospital settings, but the frequency with which medical students use this strategy and whether this affects patient perception of medical student care is unknown. Our objective was to measure the use of targeted communication skills after an educational intervention as well as to further clarify the relationship between communication element usage and patient satisfaction...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759807/predicting-patterns-of-disaster-related-resiliency-among-older-adult-typhoon-haiyan-survivors
#16
Joseph U Almazan, Jonas Preposi Cruz, Majed Sulaiman Alamri, Jazi Shaydied Monahi Alotaibi, Abdulrhman Saad B Albougami, Rotacio Gravoso, Ferdinand Abocejo, Kelly Allen, Ghose Bishwajit
Reported natural disasters are steadily increasing, yet there is limited previous research explicitly exploring the predictors of disaster resiliency among older people from typhoon-hit provinces. This study examined the relationships between life satisfaction, attitude, spirituality and locus of control towards resiliency among older adult Typhoon Haiyan survivors. A descriptive correlational design was conducted among these survivors in the Eastern Philippines. Standard multiple linear regression analysis was used in the study...
May 11, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759098/psychological-flexibility-as-a-moderator-of-the-relationships-between-job-demands-and-resources-and-occupational-well-being
#17
Vladimir Pinto Novaes, Maria Cristina Ferreira, Felipe Valentini
The aim of this study was to identify the relations of job demands (work overload) and job resources (social support and autonomy) with subjective job well-being (job satisfaction, positive affects, negative affects), as well as the moderating role of personal resources (psychological flexibility at work) in such relationships. The sample consisted of 4,867 Brazilian workers, of both sexes, with ages ranging from 18 to 67 years. Structural equation modelling showed that the work overload was negatively associated with job satisfaction (β = -...
May 15, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757985/the-influence-of-professional-identity-job-satisfaction-and-work-engagement-on-turnover-intention-among-township-health-inspectors-in-china
#18
Wenjie Zhang, Hongdao Meng, Shujuan Yang, Danping Liu
Health inspectors are part of the public health workforce in China, and its shortage has been identified as an urgent priority that should be addressed. Turnover is one of the main contributors to the shortage problem. This research assessed the influence of professional identity, job satisfaction and work engagement on turnover intention of township health inspectors and explored the intermediary effect of job satisfaction and work engagement between professional identity and turnover intention among township health inspectors in China...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757844/predictors-of-nurse-practitioner-retention
#19
Joseph Hagan, Derek L Curtis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Increased utilization of nurse practitioners (NPs) has been proposed to reduce the shortage of primary care providers, so identifying factors related to retention of NPs is important for health care organizations. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of Misener Nurse Practitioner Job Satisfaction Scale factors and nurse demographic characteristics with NP retention, as defined by the number of years at the current position and intention to leave the current position within 5 years...
May 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757841/results-of-a-national-survey-of-certified-nurse-coaches-with-implications-for-advanced-practice-nurses
#20
Alyson Ross, Alyssa Todaro Brooks, Li Yang, Kate Touchton-Leonard, Shravya Raju, Margaret Bevans
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that nurse-coaching can improve health outcomes, but application of this skill is not well understood. The purpose of this study is to describe the practices of nurse coaches including their work settings, clients/health conditions, motivations behind becoming certified as coaches, and the personal benefits experienced by nurse coaches. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was emailed to certified nurse coaches (n = 315); 164 completed the survey, including 68 (41...
May 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
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