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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805719/factors-affecting-depressive-symptoms-among-north-korean-adolescent-refugees-residing-in-south-korea
#1
Subin Park, Minji Lee, Jin Yong Jeon
We examined factors affecting the depressive symptoms and the relationship between depression and quality of life among 131 North Korean adolescent refugees aged 12-24 years. We compared sociodemographic, social, and individual characteristics and perceived the quality of life between participants with and without depression. Thirty-seven refugees (28.2%) had clinically significant depressive symptoms. The refugees with depression were younger (t = 2.67; p = 0.009), more likely to be male (χ² = 6.98; p = 0...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804983/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-profiles-of-psychological-thriving-resilience-and-loss-in-people-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#2
Fuschia M Sirois, Jameson K Hirsch
OBJECTIVES: Despite the toll of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on adjustment, many patients are resilient to the challenges associated with living with IBD, and successfully cope with their illness and thrive. Yet there is little research on why some individuals with IBD enter a trajectory of growth, while others may struggle to adapt. The aim of this study was to investigate the adjustment-related factors that distinguished thriving, resilience, and loss in people with IBD across personal growth, life satisfaction, and relationship quality domains...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802618/is-gabapentin-effective-and-safe-in-open-hysterectomy-a-prisma-compliant-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Xiao-Dan Li, Chao Han, Wen-Li Yu
BACKGROUND: Pain management after open hysterectomy has been investigated for years. Owing to the effect of significant analgesic, gabapentin was often administrated for pre-emptive analgesia. However, the relationship between gabapentin and postoperative pain after open hysterectomy is still controversial. This meta-analysis was applied to assess the efficacy of pre-emptive use of gabapentin in open hysterectomy. METHODS: This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to compare the use of gabapentin with placebo in open hysterectomy regarding (1) the mean difference (MD) of postoperative opioid requirements; (2) the changes of visual analogue scale (VAS) scores in two groups; and (3) incidence rate of adverse effects...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800000/rural-urban-differences-in-medicare-quality-outcomes-and-the-impact-of-risk-adjustment
#4
Carrie Henning-Smith, Katy Kozhimannil, Michelle Casey, Shailendra Prasad, Ira Moscovice
BACKGROUND: There has been considerable debate in recent years about whether, and how, to risk-adjust quality measures for sociodemographic characteristics. However, geographic location, especially rurality, has been largely absent from the discussion. OBJECTIVE: To examine differences by rurality in quality outcomes, and the impact of adjustment for individual and community-level sociodemographic characteristics on quality outcomes. DATA SOURCES: The 2012 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey, Access to Care module, combined with the 2012 County Health Rankings...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799427/quality-of-life-in-family-caregivers-of-schizophrenia-patients-in-spain-caregiver-characteristics-caregiving-burden-family-functioning-and-social-and-professional-support
#5
José M Ribé, Manel Salamero, Carles Pérez-Testor, Josep Mercadal, Concepción Aguilera, Margarida Cleris
OBJECTIVE: Caregivers experience physical and mental stress that ends up lowering their quality of life (QoL). Our goal was to research (a) the level of caregivers QoL; (b) the relationships between the demographic characteristics of the caregivers, their caregiving burden, their family functioning, their social and professional support and their QoL and (c) the best predictors of caregivers QoL. METHODS: 100 key caregivers (70% parents, 8% spouses, 17% siblings and 5% children) were studied using the world health organization quality of life-Bref (WHOQOL-BREF) to research their QoL, the Zarit Scale to assess their perception of their caregiving burden, the Social Network Questionnaire to examine their social support, the Family APGAR to assess the satisfaction with social support from the family and a professional support scale (Escala de Apoyo Profesional) to determine the professional support received by caregivers was performed...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799260/parent-and-staff-perceptions-of-parental-needs-during-a-child-s-hospital-admission-to-a-paediatric-high-dependency-unit-a-new-zealand-study
#6
Mandie Foster, Lisa Whitehead
AIM: This study aimed to identify parents' and staff's perceptions of parents' needs during a paediatric high-dependency unit admission and the relationships between needs, socio-demographic and clinical variables and explores if these perceptions have changed. METHODS: This study uses a cross-sectional descriptive correlational design, and 104 parents whose children received care and 88 staff who worked within a paediatric high-dependency unit at a tertiary hospital in New Zealand completed the Needs of Parents' Questionnaire in 2011...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798715/the-sooner-the-worse-association-between-earlier-age-of-sexual-initiation-and-worse-adolescent-health-and-well-being-outcomes
#7
Alfonso Osorio, Cristina Lopez-Del Burgo, Silvia Carlos, Jokin de Irala
This cross-sectional study assesses the association between age of sexual initiation during adolescence and a selection of well-being outcomes regarding that first relationship. High-school adolescents from El Salvador (2,686) and from Peru (3,399) replied to a paper-pencil questionnaire. Those who were sexually initiated replied to several questions regarding their age at sexual initiation, condom use, satisfaction and reasons/circumstances for that sexual relationship. Approximately 19% of participants were sexually initiated (n = 1,179)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798211/do-biology-students-really-hate-math-empirical-insights-into-undergraduate-life-science-majors-emotions-about-mathematics
#8
Lucas P Wachsmuth, Christopher R Runyon, John M Drake, Erin L Dolan
Undergraduate life science majors are reputed to have negative emotions toward mathematics, yet little empirical evidence supports this. We sought to compare emotions of majors in the life sciences versus other natural sciences and math. We adapted the Attitudes toward the Subject of Chemistry Inventory to create an Attitudes toward the Subject of Mathematics Inventory (ASMI). We collected data from 359 science and math majors at two research universities and conducted a series of statistical tests that indicated that four AMSI items comprised a reasonable measure of students' emotional satisfaction with math...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798147/very-preterm-birth-and-parents-quality-of-life-27-years-later
#9
Dieter Wolke, Nicole Baumann, Barbara Busch, Peter Bartmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Parents of preterm children experience increased distress early in their children's lives. Whether the quality of life of parents of preterm children is comparable to that of parents of term children by the time their offspring reach adulthood is unknown. What precursors in their offspring's childhood predict parental quality of life? METHODS: A prospective whole-population study in Germany followed very preterm (VP) (<32 weeks gestation) or very low birth weight (VLBW) (<1500 g) (N = 250) and term-born individuals (N = 230) and their parents (VP or VLBW: N = 219; term: N = 227) from birth to adulthood...
August 10, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795822/self-esteem-and-relationship-satisfaction-during-the-transition-to-motherhood
#10
Manon A van Scheppingen, Jaap J A Denissen, Joanne M Chung, Kristian Tambs, Wiebke Bleidorn
In the current study, we used 5 waves of longitudinal data from a large representative sample of Norwegian mothers (N = 84,711) to examine the association between romantic relationship satisfaction and self-esteem before and after childbirth in subgroups of first-, second-, third-, and fourth-time mothers. Maternal self-esteem showed a highly similar change pattern across subgroups. Specifically, self-esteem decreased during pregnancy, increased until the child was 6 months old, and then gradually decreased over the following years...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794171/a-study-of-the-relationship-between-resilience-burnout-and-coping-strategies-in-doctors
#11
R Scott McCain, Nicola McKinley, Martin Dempster, W Jeffrey Campbell, Stephen J Kirk
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to measure resilience, coping and professional quality of life in doctors. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire in a single National Health Service trust, including both primary and secondary care doctors. RESULTS: 283 doctors were included. Mean resilience was 68.9, higher than population norms. 100 (37%) doctors had high burnout, 194 (72%) doctors had high secondary traumatic stress and 64 (24%) had low compassion satisfaction...
August 9, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792427/the-psychosexual-impact-of-postmastectomy-breast-reconstruction
#12
Alexandra M Hart, Ximena Pinell-White, Albert Losken
BACKGROUND: The surgical management of breast cancer with mastectomy and breast reconstruction (BR) has been shown to increase the quality of life of cancer survivors. Yet the impact of surgery on sexuality, femininity, and condition of intimate relationships as a measure for sexual health has not been fully evaluated. METHODS: Ninety-six women who underwent mastectomy and immediate BR participated in the series. Surveys assessed patients' level of sexual health in the areas of femininity, sexual confidence during intimate relationships, and the role of breast sensibility in sexual satisfaction as compared with how they felt preoperatively...
November 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790806/perceptions-of-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-on-the-impact-on-daily-life-and-satisfaction-with-their-medications-rheu-life-a-survey-to-patients-treated-with-subcutaneous-biological-products
#13
Carlos M González, Loreto Carmona, Javier de Toro, Enrique Batlle-Gualda, Antonio I Torralba, María J Arteaga, Luis Cea-Calvo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of patients with rheumatic diseases treated with subcutaneous (SC) biological drugs on the impact on daily life and satisfaction with current therapy, including preferred attributes. METHODS: A survey was developed ad hoc by four rheumatologists and three patients, including Likert questions on the impact of disease and treatment on daily life and preferred attributes of treatment. Rheumatologists from 50 participating centers were instructed to handout the survey to 20 consecutive patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), axial spondyloarthritis (ax-SpA), or psoriatic arthritis (PsA) receiving SC biological drugs...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789660/development-and-validation-of-the-medical-student-scholar-ideal-mentor-scale-mss-ims
#14
Stephen M Sozio, Kitty S Chan, Mary Catherine Beach
BACKGROUND: Programs encouraging medical student research such as Scholarly Concentrations (SC) are increasing nationally. However, there are few validated measures of mentoring quality tailored to medical students. We sought to modify and validate a mentoring scale for use in medical student research experiences. METHODS: SC faculty created a scale evaluating how medical students assess mentors in the research setting. A validated graduate student scale of mentorship, the Ideal Mentor Scale, was modified by selecting 10 of the 34 original items most relevant for medical students and adding an item on project ownership...
August 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789652/exploring-the-relationship-between-general-practice-characteristics-and-attendance-at-walk-in-centres-minor-injuries-units-and-emergency-departments-in-england-2009-10-2012-2013-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Peter Tammes, Richard W Morris, Emer Brangan, Kath Checkland, Helen England, Alyson Huntley, Daniel Lasserson, Fiona MacKichan, Chris Salisbury, Lesley Wye, Sarah Purdy
BACKGROUND: The UK National Health Service Emergency Departments (ED) have recently faced increasing attendance rates. This study investigated associations of general practice and practice population characteristics with emergency care service attendance rates. METHODS: A longitudinal design with practice-level measures of access and continuity of care, patient population demographics and use of emergency care for the financial years 2009/10 to 2012/13. The main outcome measures were self-referred discharged ED attendance rate, and combined self-referred discharged ED, self-referred Walk-in Centre (WiC) and self-referred Minor Injuries Unit (MIU) attendance rate per 1000 patients...
August 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782980/psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-adolescent-stress-questionnaire-asq-s
#16
Juan F Lima, Rafael Alarcón, Milagros Escobar, F Javier Fernández-Baena, Ángela M Muñoz, María J Blanca
The aim of this study was to develop a Spanish version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire and to examine its psychometric properties: factor structure, measurement invariance across samples, reliability, and concurrent validity. Participants consisted of 1,560 Spanish students between 12 and 18 years of age. The results support a structure based on 10 first-order factors (corresponding to stressors on the dimensions Home Life, School Performance, School Attendance, Romantic Relationships, Peer Pressure, Teacher Interaction, Future Uncertainty, School/Leisure Conflict, Financial Pressure, and Emerging Adult Responsibility) and 1 second-order factor that subsumes the first-order factors...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782351/life-satisfaction-and-its-relationship-with-spiritual-well-being-and-religious-practice-in-iranian-adolescent-girls
#17
Fariba Alizadeh Sharajabad, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
Introduction During recent years, special attention has been given to spiritual well-being and religious practice in the field of health. This study aimed to determine the predictors of life satisfaction among adolescent girls in Tabriz, Iran, 2015. Materials and methods This cross-sectional study was conducted on 520 female students studying in high schools who were selected using the cluster sampling method. Data collection was carried out through the questionnaires of socio-demographic characteristics, spiritual well-being (SWBS), religious practice (Arcury and colleagues) and life satisfaction (SWLS)...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780533/nursing-home-facebook-reviews-who-has-them-and-how-do-they-relate-to-other-measures-of-quality-and-experience
#18
Jennifer Gaudet Hefele, Yue Li, Lauren Campbell, Adrita Barooah, Joyce Wang
BACKGROUND: The growing use of social media creates opportunities for patients and families to provide feedback and rate individual healthcare providers. Whereas previous studies have examined this emerging trend in hospital and physician settings, little is known about user ratings of nursing homes (NHs) and how these ratings relate to other measures of quality. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between Facebook user-generated NH ratings and other measures of NH satisfaction/experience and quality...
August 5, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780420/childhood-adversity-social-support-networks-and-well-being-among-youth-aging-out-of-care-an-exploratory-study-of-mediation
#19
Eran P Melkman
The goals of the present study are to examine the relationship between childhood adversity and adult well-being among vulnerable young adults formerly placed in substitute care, and to investigate how characteristics of their social support networks mediate this association. A sample of 345 Israeli young adults (ages 18-25), who had aged out of foster or residential care, responded to standardized self-report questionnaires tapping their social support network characteristics (e.g., network size or adequacy) vis-à-vis several types of social support (emotional, practical, information and guidance), experiences of childhood adversity, and measures of well-being (psychological distress, loneliness, and life satisfaction)...
August 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777712/gates-to-retirement-and-gender-differences-macroeconomic-conditions-job-satisfaction-and-age
#20
Hila Axelrad, Tay K Mcnamara
The different pathways out of the labor force have been the focus of many recent studies, yet not enough scholarly attention has been paid to the effect of country-level, individual, and job characteristics and their potentially different influence across genders. The current article examines the relationships between retirement decisions and macroeconomic conditions, personal characteristics, and job satisfaction, while focusing on gender differences. Data came from 16,337 respondents in 13 European countries that participated in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
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