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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911092/sexual-well-being-in-older-women-the-relevance-of-sexual-excitation-and-sexual-inhibition
#1
Suzanne Bell, Elke D Reissing
The aim of this study was to use the dual control model of sexual response (DCM) to investigate variation in sexual well-being among women 50 years of age and older. Data from 185 women 50 years of age and older (M = 59.46, SD = 6.96) were used to examine the relationships between sexual excitation (SE) and sexual inhibition (SI) and their lower-order factors to indicators of sexual well-being (i.e., sexual functioning, satisfaction, distress, frequency of sexual activity, and breadth of sexual behavior)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911084/caught-in-a-bad-romance-reconsidering-the-negative-association-between-sociosexuality-and-relationship-functioning
#2
David Rodrigues, Diniz Lopes, C Veronica Smith
Sociosexuality refers to individual differences in interest and willingness to engage in sexual activity without an emotional connection. Unrestricted sociosexuality is associated with a greater likelihood of infidelity and with poorer relationship quality. However, previous research has failed to examine relationship-specific characteristics that may moderate these findings. Two studies of romantically involved adults examined whether relationship commitment and different relationship agreement types moderate the associations between unrestricted sociosexuality and infidelity...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910997/service-user-satisfaction-with-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-psychosis-associations-with-therapy-outcomes-and-perceptions-of-the-therapist
#3
Caroline Lawlor, Bina Sharma, Mizanur Khondoker, Emmanuelle Peters, Elizabeth Kuipers, Louise Johns
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated service user satisfaction with cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp). This study explored its associations with clinical presentation and outcomes, retrospective expectations of progress, perceptions of the therapist, and demographic variables. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty-five service users completed self-report questionnaires pre- and post-CBTp in relation to the constructs of interest. Regression analyses explored associations with (1) overall satisfaction with therapy and (2) perceived progress, skills, and knowledge gained...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910175/postanesthesia-evaluation-of-emotional-and-psychological-satisfaction-in-a-hispanic-population
#4
Angela Zauner, Alvaro Pinilla, Daniel Benitez, Alejandra Tellez, David Romero, Ana Suarez, Vanessa López, Eduardo Hermida
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction has a positive impact on clinical care. Different strategies, such as questionnaires, have been developed to evaluate and improve patient satisfaction. A validated pediatric anesthesia questionnaire previously showed the importance of perioperative care built upon a relationship of trust between healthcare providers and children and parents, and a comfortable environment in which satisfactory answers are provided. However, the questionnaire was validated in English, and no research exists on the use of satisfaction questionnaires in Spanish...
December 2, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910118/motivational-factors-associated-with-physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#5
Anders Farholm, Marit Sørensen, Hallgeir Halvari
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest for investigating the role of motivation in physical activity among people with severe mental illness (SMI). Autonomous motivation has been suggested to have a potentially important role in adoption and maintenance of physical activity. However, the knowledge about factors that facilitate autonomous motivation among people with SMI is scarce. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with motivation for physical activity as well as the relationships between motivation, physical activity and health-related quality of life in individuals with SMI that were currently physically active...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909165/psilocybin-produces-substantial-and-sustained-decreases-in-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-life-threatening-cancer-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#6
Roland R Griffiths, Matthew W Johnson, Michael A Carducci, Annie Umbricht, William A Richards, Brian D Richards, Mary P Cosimano, Margaret A Klinedinst
: Cancer patients often develop chronic, clinically significant symptoms of depression and anxiety. Previous studies suggest that psilocybin may decrease depression and anxiety in cancer patients. The effects of psilocybin were studied in 51 cancer patients with life-threatening diagnoses and symptoms of depression and/or anxiety. This randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial investigated the effects of a very low (placebo-like) dose (1 or 3 mg/70 kg) vs. a high dose (22 or 30 mg/70 kg) of psilocybin administered in counterbalanced sequence with 5 weeks between sessions and a 6-month follow-up...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909161/test-of-a-social-cognitive-model-of-well-being-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#7
Trisha L Raque-Bogdan, Robert W Lent, Brooke Lamphere
Given the potentially long-standing emotional impact of breast cancer, theoretical models are needed to identify critical resources and coping strategies that optimize survivors' long-term adjustment. This study tested a model of well-being recovery with breast cancer survivors at 4 years post-treatment. Structural equation modeling was used to examine relationships between affect, loneliness, self-compassion, self-efficacy for coping with cancer, well-being, and life satisfaction. Two model variations offered good fit to the data, accounting for large portions of the variance in well-being and life satisfaction...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908795/orthostatic-cardiovascular-profile-of-subjective-well-being
#8
Dmitry M Davydov, Róża Czabak-Garbacz
Previous clinical and elderly population studies have found that affective well-being can be assessed by clino-orthostatic cardiovascular reactivity. This study explored this relationship in a young healthy sample, and with respect to cognitive appraisals of well-being. Four successive readings of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) after lying down (clinostatic probe) followed by four successive readings after standing up (orthostatic probe) were obtained from 52 healthy students along with questionnaire-reported well-being...
November 28, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907846/modelling-life-satisfaction-and-adjustment-to-trauma-in-children-exposed-to-ongoing-military-violence-an-exploratory-study-in-palestine
#9
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Alaa Jaradah, Feda Al Muranak, Husam Hamdouna
Exposure to war and ongoing political violence increases mental health risks among children, especially in terms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depressive or somatic symptoms. However, an exclusive focus on negative functioning can lead to underestimating the coping abilities and natural potential for adjusting to trauma of war-affected children at different developmental phases. Using structural equation modelling, we tested the extent to which data gathered in a predominantly nonclinical sample of Palestinian children (N=1276) living in refugee camps supported a conceptual model in which the relationship between subjective wellbeing and the effects of trauma is mainly top-down in direction...
November 28, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907141/correction-shared-relationship-efficacy-of-dyad-can-increase-life-satisfaction-in-close-relationships-multilevel-study
#10
Ryosuke Asano, Kenichi Ito, Toshikazu Yoshida
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159822.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907020/comparing-facebook-users-and-facebook-non-users-relationship-between-personality-traits-and-mental-health-variables-an-exploratory-study
#11
Julia Brailovskaia, Jürgen Margraf
Over one billion people use Facebook as a platform for social interaction and self-presentation making it one of the most popular online sites. The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in various personality traits and mental health variables between Facebook users and people who do not use this platform. The data of 945 participants (790 Facebook users, 155 Facebook non-users) were collected. Results indicate that Facebook users score significantly higher on narcissism, self-esteem and extraversion than Facebook non-users...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905902/understanding-the-value-of-social-networks-in-life-satisfaction-of-elderly-people-a-comparative-study-of-16-european-countries-using-share-data
#12
Florian Tomini, Sonila M Tomini, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: Networks of family and friends are a source of support and are generally associated with higher life satisfaction values among older adults. On the other hand, older adults who are satisfied with their life may be more able to develop and maintain a wider social network. For this reason, the causal link between size and composition of the social networks and satisfaction with life is yet to be explored. This paper investigates the effect of the 'size', (number of family and friends, and network) and the 'composition' (the proportion of friends over total number of persons) of the social network on life satisfaction among older adults (50+)...
December 1, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903294/transformational-leadership-empowerment-and-job-satisfaction-the-mediating-role-of-employee-empowerment
#13
Sang Long Choi, Chin Fei Goh, Muhammad Badrull Hisyam Adam, Owee Kowang Tan
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have revealed that nursing staff turnover remains a major problem in emerging economies. In particular, nursing staff turnover in Malaysia remains high due to a lack of job satisfaction. Despite a shortage of healthcare staff, the Malaysian government plans to create 181 000 new healthcare jobs by 2020 through the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP). This study investigated the causal relationships among perceived transformational leadership, empowerment, and job satisfaction among nurses and medical assistants in two selected large private and public hospitals in Malaysia...
December 1, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903015/neurosurgical-resident-training-in-germany
#14
Martin N Stienen, Jens Gempt, Oliver P Gautschi, Andreas K Demetriades, David Netuka, Dominique E Kuhlen, Karl Schaller, Florian Ringel
Introduction Efficient neurosurgical training is of paramount importance to provide continuing high-quality medical care to patients. In this era of law-enforced working hour restrictions, however, maintaining high-quality training can be a challenge and requires some restructuring. We evaluated the current status of resident training in Germany. Methods An electronic survey was sent to European neurosurgical trainees between June 2014 and March 2015. The responses of German trainees were compared with those of trainees from other European countries...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900995/smartphone-application-wechat-for-clinical-follow-up-of-discharged-patients-with-head-and-neck-tumors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Ke-Xing Lyu, Jing Zhao, Bin Wang, Guan-Xia Xiong, Wei-Qiang Yang, Qi-Hong Liu, Xiao-Lin Zhu, Wei Sun, Ai-Yun Jiang, Wei-Ping Wen, Wen-Bin Lei
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, social media tools such as short message service, Twitter, video, and web-based systems are more and more used in clinical follow-up, making clinical follow-up much more time- and cost-effective than ever before. However, as the most popular social media in China, little is known about the utility of smartphone WeChat application in follow-up. In this study, we aimed to investigate the feasibility and superiority of WeChat application in clinical follow-up. METHODS: A total of 108 patients diagnosed with head and neck tumor were randomized to WeChat follow-up (WFU) group or telephone follow-up (TFU) group for 6-month follow-up...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900267/depression-and-psychiatric-disease-associated-with-outcomes-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#16
REVIEW
Hao-Hua Wu, Max Liu, Joshua S Dines, John D Kelly, Grant H Garcia
While most patients with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury indicate satisfaction with surgical intervention, a significant proportion still do not return to pre-injury level of function or sport. Psychiatric comorbidities, such as depression, have recently been associated with poor clinical outcomes after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). To date, no article has yet examined how depression affects ACLR outcomes and how potential screening and intervention for psychological distress may affect postoperative activity level...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899497/the-effect-of-canagliflozin-a-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitor-on-glycemic-end-points-assessed-by-continuous-glucose-monitoring-and-patient-reported-outcomes-among-people-with-type-1-diabetes
#17
Helena W Rodbard, Anne L Peters, April Slee, Anjun Cao, Shana B Traina, Maria Alba
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of canagliflozin, a sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor, on glycemic parameters and measures of glucose variability assessed by a 9-point self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) profiles, and patient-reported outcomes as an add-on to insulin among participants with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind study, 351 participants received canagliflozin 100 or 300 mg or placebo for 18 weeks...
November 29, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899106/which-aspects-of-health-care-are-most-valued-by-people-living-with-hiv-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#18
V Cooper, J Clatworthy, E Youssef, C Llewellyn, A Miners, M Lagarde, M Sachikonye, N Perry, E Nixon, A Pollard, C Sabin, C Foreman, M Fisher
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of people with HIV are living into older age and experiencing comorbidities. The development of new models of care to meet the needs of this population is now a priority. It is important that the views and preferences of patients inform the development of services in order to maintain high levels of patient satisfaction and engagement. The aim of this systematic review was to determine which aspects of healthcare are particularly valued by people living with HIV...
November 30, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899008/jordanian-nursing-work-environments-intent-to-stay-and-job-satisfaction
#19
Zaid Al-Hamdan, Milisa Manojlovich, Banerjee Tanima
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine associations among the nursing work environment, nurse job satisfaction, and intent to stay for nurses who practice in hospitals in Jordan. DESIGN: A quantitative descriptive cross-sectional survey design was used. METHODS: Data were collected through survey questionnaires distributed to 650 registered nurses (RNs) who worked in three hospitals in Jordan. The self-report questionnaire consisted of three instruments and demographic questions...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898158/multivariate-assessment-of-subjective-and-objective-measures-of-social-and-family-satisfaction-in-veterans-with-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Henry J Orff, Chelsea C Hays, Elizabeth W Twamley
Approximately 20% of current-era Veterans have sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI), which can result in persistent postconcussive symptoms. These symptoms may disrupt family and social functioning. We explored psychiatric, postconcussive, and cognitive factors as correlates of objective functioning and subjective satisfaction in family and social relationships. At entry into a supported employment study, 50 unemployed Veterans with a history of mild to moderate TBI and current cognitive impairment were administered baseline assessments...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
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