keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cutanous leishmaniasis treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926630/efficacy-of-pentavalent-antimoniate-intralesional-infiltration-therapy-for-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-systematic-review
#1
Nayara Castelano Brito, Ana Rabello, Gláucia Fernandes Cota
BACKGROUND: The mainstays of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) treatment, in several world regions, are pentavalent antimony (Sbv) compounds administered parenterally, despite their recognized toxicity, which requires frequent laboratory monitoring and complicates their use in areas with scarce infrastructure. As result of these drawbacks, the WHO Expert Committee on leishmaniasis has expanded the recommendations for the use of local therapies, including Sbv intralesional infiltration (IL-Sbv), as CL therapy alternatives even in the New World...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914333/-acute-skin-infections-and-their-imitators-in-children-a-photo-quiz
#2
REVIEW
M Theiler, A Schwieger-Briel, L Weibel
BACKGROUND: Skin infections account for 40% of emergency visits in pediatric dermatology. It is important to promptly recognize skin infections with potential complications and initiate treatment. However some characteristic skin findings may imitate skin infections and are often misdiagnosed. OBJECTIVES: To illustrate frequent pediatric skin infections and pitfalls in view of imitators and differential diagnoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A photo quiz is presented with the discussion of a selection of acute pediatric skin infections in comparison to their infectious or noninfectious differential diagnoses...
September 15, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912944/photodynamic-therapy-with-bengal-rose-and-derivatives-against-leishmania-amazonensis
#3
Taisa Rocha Navasconi, Vanessa Nesi Dos Reis, Camila Fabiano Freitas, Paulo Cesar de Souza Pereira, Wilker Caetano, Noboru Hioka, Maria Valdrinez Campana Lonardoni, Sandra Mara Alessi Aristides, Thaís Gomes Verzignassi Silveira
Introduction: The treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is based primarily on the use of pentavalent antimonials, which may lead to many side effects limiting their use. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an alternative for the treatment of CL, and some xanthene dyes have the potential for use in PDT. Methods: The xanthenes rose bengal B (RB) and its derivatives rose bengal methyl ester (RBMET), and butyl ester (RBBUT) were analyzed for leishmanicidal activity against promastigotes and intracellular amastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863783/erratum-to-thermotherapy-an-alternative-for-the-treatment-of-american-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#4
Liliana López, Martha Robayo, Margarita Vargas, Iván D Vélez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844893/tandem-affinity-purification-of-exosome-and-replication-factor-c-complexes-from-the-non-human-infectious-kinetoplastid-parasite-crithidia-fasciculata
#5
Wakisa Kipandula, Terry K Smith, Stuart A MacNeill
Kinetoplastid parasites are responsible for a range of diseases with significant global impact. Trypanosoma brucei and Trypanosoma cruzi cause human African trypanosomiasis and Chagas disease, respectively, while various Leishmania species are responsible for cutaneous, mucocutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis. Understanding the biology of these organisms is key for effective diagnosis, prophylaxis and treatment. The insect parasite Crithidia fasciculata offers a safe and low-cost alternative for studies of kinetoplastid biology...
August 24, 2017: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844218/leech-therapy-in-treatment-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-case-report
#6
Nasrin Hamidizadeh, Amir Azizi, Mohammad M Zarshenas, Sara Ranjbar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842620/synthetic-analogs-of-an-entamoeba-histolytica-glycolipid-designed-to-combat-intracellular-leishmania-infection
#7
Siew Ling Choy, Hannah Bernin, Toshihiko Aiba, Eugenia Bifeld, Sarah Corinna Lender, Melina Mühlenpfordt, Jill Noll, Julia Eick, Claudia Marggraff, Hanno Niss, Nestor González Roldán, Shinji Tanaka, Masato Kitamura, Koichi Fukase, Joachim Clos, Egbert Tannich, Yukari Fujimoto, Hannelore Lotter
Intracellular pathogens belonging to the genus Leishmania have developed effective strategies that enable them to survive within host immune cells. Immunostimulatory compounds that counteract such immunological escape mechanisms represent promising treatment options for diseases. Here, we demonstrate that a lipopeptidephosphoglycan (LPPG) isolated from the membrane of a protozoan parasite, Entamoeba histolytica (Eh), shows considerable immunostimulatory effects targeted against Leishmania (L.) major, a representative species responsible for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL)...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842129/leishmania-tropica-infected-human-lesions-whole-genome-transcription-profiling
#8
Nasrin Masoudzadeh, Amir Mizbani, Yasaman Taslimi, Vahid Mashayekhi, Hossein Mortazavi, Pardis Sadeghipour, Housein Malekafzali Ardekani, Sima Rafati
Leishmania (L.) tropica is the main causative agent of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Iran. Defining the host inflammatory response in the L. tropica lesions are crucial for the development of new treatment modalities. High-throughput RNA sequencing provides a powerful method for characterization of the human gene expression profile in L. tropica lesions. Comparing the transcription profile of the L. tropica skin lesions with normal skin identified over 5000 differentially regulated genes. Gene set enrichment analysis indicated significant activation of key immunological pathways related to antigen processing and presentation...
August 24, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833211/leishmania-tarentolae-expressing-cxcl-10-as-an-efficient-immunotherapy-approach-against-l-major-infected-balb-c-mice
#9
Hossein Montakhab-Yeganeh, Zahra Abdossamadi, Farnaz Zahedifard, Yasaman Taslimi, Alireza Badirzadeh, Noushin Saljoughian, Tahereh Taheri, Mohammad Taghikhani, Sima Rafati
Recent findings have demonstrated the suitability of Interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP-10) or CXCL-10 as an immunotherapy tool in treatment of leishmaniasis. This chemokine can overcome Leishmania (L.) infection through inducing nitric oxide production for parasite elimination. The current study was undertaken to investigate the therapeutic effects of recombinant L. tarentolae expressing CXCL-10 and an expression vector encoding CXCL-10 (pcDNA-CXCL-10-EGFP) in a model of BALB/c mice susceptible to infection by L...
August 18, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828327/control-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-using-deltamethrin-treated-nets-in-comparison-to-indoors-residual-spraying-in-a-rural-area-of-iran
#10
Mohammad Hassan Kayedi, Yavar Rassi, Ali Chegeni-Sharafi, Reza Rostami, Sayena Rafizadeh, Nargess Abdali
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an important vector-borne disease in Iran. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Deltamethrin treated nets in comparison to Indoors Residual Spraying (IRS) for the control of leishmaniasis in a new focal area of Iran. METHODS: The study was carried out in 5 villages in the west of Iran during 2012-2013. One village was selected to the application of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs, 25 mg/m(2) deltamethrin) among residents...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820714/epidemiology-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-colombian-municipality
#11
Diego Alejandro Medina-Morales, Manuel E Machado-Duque, Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba
This study describes the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of leishmaniasis and the pharmacological treatment of this disease in the municipality of Pueblo Rico, Risaralda, between January 2010 and December 2014. An observational study was conducted using information from the clinical records and epidemiological reports of patients diagnosed and confirmed with leishmaniasis of any age and sex, including sociodemographic, clinical, and pharmacological variables of the therapy received. Univariate and bivariate analyses were performed...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820681/efficacy-safety-and-cost-effectiveness-of-thermotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-leishmania-donovani-induced-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Wardha F Refai, Nayani P Madarasingha, Buthsiri Sumanasena, Sudath Weerasingha, Amala De Silva, Rohini Fernandopulle, Abhay R Satoskar, Nadira D Karunaweera
Leishmania donovani causes cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Sri Lanka. Standard treatment is multiple, painful doses of intralesional sodium stibogluconate (IL-SSG). Treatment failures are increasingly reported, hence the need to investigate alternatives. Efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of thermotherapy were assessed for the first time for L. donovani CL. A single blinded noninferiority randomized controlled trial was conducted on new laboratory-confirmed CL patients with single lesions (N = 213). Selected patients were randomly assigned to 1) test group (N = 98; single session of radiofrequency-induced heat therapy (RFHT) given at 50°C for 30 seconds) and 2) control group (N = 115; 1-3 mL IL-SSG given weekly, until cure/10 doses)...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820339/emergence-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-sri-lanka-a-newly-established-health-threat
#13
H V Y D Siriwardana, P Karunanayake, L Goonerathne, N D Karunaweera
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka is a new focus of human cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by a genetic variant of usually visceralizing parasite Leishmania donovani. Over 3000 cases have been reported to our institution alone, during the past two decades. Recent emergence of visceral leishmaniasis is of concern. METHODS: Patients suspected of having visceral leishmaniasis (n = 120) fulfilling at least two of six criteria (fever > 2 weeks, weight loss, tiredness affecting daily functions, splenomegaly, hepatomegaly and anemia) were studied using clinic-epidemiological, immunological and haematological parameters...
August 18, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811000/a-case-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-guyanensis-mimicking-otitis-externa
#14
Eric S Goodrich, Stephen C Sears, Timothy Sorrells, James K Radike, Anis Miladi, Jonathan S Glass
Cutaneous leishmaniasis typically presents as a painless papule progressing to an ulcer or plaque. In this case study of the ear, the disease manifested as a small painful bump progressing into redness and swelling about the ear with purulent drainage. After multiple oral/intravenous antipseudomonal, antistaphylococcal, and antifungal treatments, there was no improvement. The skin progressed to an erythematous plaque and hemorrhagic ulcer; punch biopsy and speciation revealed Leishmaniasis guyanensis. The patient was switched to a seven-dose course of intravenous L-amphotericin B (visceral leishmaniasis protocol)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810997/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-saudi-arabian-soldier-stationed-in-the-united-states
#15
Kelly Laurent, Jason Susong, Eric Fillman, Simon Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a common parasitic disease seen in many parts of the world, especially in areas where current U.S. and international forces are deployed. Approximately 350 million people are thought to be at risk of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) with an annual incidence of 1.5 million cases. Over 90% of cutaneous infections with Leishmania occur in the Middle East, Brazil, and Peru. Outbreaks of CL may occur in military personnel deployed to endemic areas. Since the incubation period for symptomatic CL ranges from weeks to months, symptoms may not appear until well after returning to the United States...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795077/sensitive-molecular-diagnostics-for-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#16
Orli Sagi, Anat Berkowitz, Shlomi Codish, Victor Novack, Aviv Rashti, Fouad Akad, Yonat Shemer-Avni
BACKGROUND: Rapid diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and identification of Leishmania species is highly important for the disease management. In Israel, CL is caused mainly by Leishmania major and Leishmania tropica species. METHODS: We established an easy to handle point of care lesion-swabbing, combined with a highly sensitive multiplex real time PCR (multiplex qPCR) for accurate and rapid diagnosis of Leishmania species. RESULTS: Using three probes: one general for: Leishmania species, and two specific for L major, and L tropica, we screened 1783 clinical samples collected during two years...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794624/nanostructured-delivery-systems-with-improved-leishmanicidal-activity-a-critical-review
#17
REVIEW
Natascia Bruni, Barbara Stella, Leonardo Giraudo, Carlo Della Pepa, Daniela Gastaldi, Franco Dosio
Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne zoonotic disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania, which are responsible for numerous clinical manifestations, such as cutaneous, visceral, and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, depending on the site of infection for particular species. These complexities threaten 350 million people in 98 countries worldwide. Amastigotes living within macrophage phagolysosomes are the principal target of antileishmanial treatment, but these are not an easy target as drugs must overcome major structural barriers...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793868/clinical-and-laboratory-profiles-of-patients-with-early-spontaneous-healing-in-cutaneous-localized-leishmaniasis-a-historical-cohort-study
#18
Carla Oliveira-Ribeiro, Maria Inês Fernandes Pimentel, Raquel de Vasconcellos Carvalhaes Oliveira, Aline Fagundes, Maria de Fatima Madeira, Cintia Xavier Mello, Eliame Mouta-Confort, Claudia Maria Valete-Rosalino, Erica de Camargo Ferreira Vasconcellos, Marcelo Rosandiski Lyra, Leonardo Pereira Quintella, Liliane de Fatima Antonio, Armando Schubach, Fatima Conceição-Silva
BACKGROUND: Skin ulcers in American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) may heal spontaneously after months/years. However, few cases may present quick heal even during diagnosis procedure (early spontaneous healing- ESH). The main objective of this study was to compare ESH patients with cases requiring specific treatment [non-ESH (NESH)]. METHODS: A historical cohort study of ACL patients (n = 445) were divided into 2 groups: ESH - spontaneously healed patients (n = 13; 2...
August 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756612/clinical-pharmacokinetics-of-systemically-administered-antileishmanial-drugs
#19
REVIEW
Anke E Kip, Jan H M Schellens, Jos H Beijnen, Thomas P C Dorlo
This review describes the pharmacokinetic properties of the systemically administered antileishmanial drugs pentavalent antimony, paromomycin, pentamidine, miltefosine and amphotericin B (AMB), including their absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion and potential drug-drug interactions. This overview provides an understanding of their clinical pharmacokinetics, which could assist in rationalising and optimising treatment regimens, especially in combining multiple antileishmanial drugs in an attempt to increase efficacy and shorten treatment duration...
July 29, 2017: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751163/leishmaniasis-in-the-major-endemic-region-of-plurinational-state-of-bolivia-species-identification-phylogeography-and-drug-susceptibility-implications
#20
Pablo Bilbao-Ramos, M Auxiliadora Dea-Ayuela, Oscar Cardenas-Alegría, Efraín Salamanca, José Antonio Santalla-Vargas, Cesar Benito, Ninoska Flores, Francisco Bolás-Fernández
The Plurinational State of Bolivia is one of the Latin American countries with the highest prevalence of leishmaniasis, highlighting the lowlands of the Department of La Paz where about 50% of the total cases were reported. The control of the disease can be seriously compromised by the intrinsic variability of the circulating species that may limit the efficacy of treatment while favoring the emergence of resistance. Fifty-five isolates of Leishmania from cutaneous and mucocutaneous lesions from patients living in different provinces of the Department of La Paz were tested...
July 24, 2017: Acta Tropica
keyword
keyword
94472
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"