keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fobt

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895817/current-noninvasive-tests-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-an-overview-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-tests
#1
REVIEW
Le-Le Song, Yue-Min Li
Colorectal cancer (CRC) has become the third most common cancer in the world. Screening has been shown to be an effective way to identify early CRC and precancerous lesions, and to reduce its morbidity and mortality. Several types of noninvasive tests have been developed for CRC screening, including the fecal occult blood test (FOBT), the fecal immunochemical test (FIT), the fecal-based DNA test and the blood-based DNA test (the SEPT9 assay). FIT has replaced FOBT and become the major screening test due to high sensitivity, specificity and low costs...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864292/clinical-efficacy-of-fecal-occult-blood-test-and-colonoscopy-for-dasatinib-induced-hemorrhagic-colitis-in-cml-patients
#2
Satoshi Nishiwaki, Matsuyoshi Maeda, Masahiro Yamada, Shingo Okuno, Yasuhiko Harada, Kotaro Suzuki, Shingo Kurahashi, Fumihiro Urano, Shozo Okamura, Isamu Sugiura
A positive fecal occult blood test (FOBT) is occasionally observed in some chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients treated with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), and hemorrhagic colitis in patients treated with dasatinib has been reported. To clarify the frequency of TKI-induced hemorrhagic colitis and the screening efficacy of an FOBT followed by a colonoscopy, we prospectively enrolled CML patients treated with a TKI. FOBTs were performed in all patients and colonoscopy was performed in patients with positive FOBTs...
November 18, 2016: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859394/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-the-comparative-effectiveness-of-aspirin-vs-screening-for-colorectal-cancer-prevention
#3
REVIEW
L Emilsson, Ø Holme, M Bretthauer, N R Cook, J E Buring, M Løberg, H-O Adami, H D Sesso, M J Gaziano, M Kalager
BACKGROUND: Both aspirin use and screening with flexible sigmoidoscopy or guaiac faecal occult blood testing (FOBT) may reduce mortality from colorectal cancer, but comparative effectiveness of these interventions is unknown. AIM: To compare aspirin to guaiac FOBT screening with regard to incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer in a network meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched Medline, EMBASE and the COCHRANE central register (CENTRAL) for relevant randomised trials identified until 31 October 2015...
November 17, 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849324/pre-operative-stool-analysis-for-intestinal-parasites-and-fecal-occult-blood-in-patients-with-acute-appendicitis
#4
Sinan Hatipoğlu, Uğur Lök, Umut Gülaçtı, Tuncay Çelik
BACKGROUND: Etiology of acute appendicitis (AA) rarely involves parasitic infections of gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Preoperative diagnosis of parasitic infections in appendix remains difficult, although parasites can sometimes be observed inside the lumen during histopathological examination. The aim of the present study was to prospectively screen prevalence and species of intestinal parasites and adherence of fecal occult blood (FOB) in patients admitted to emergency department (ED) with clinical symptoms of AA who underwent appendectomy...
September 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822612/perceived-life-expectancy-is-associated-with-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-england
#5
Lindsay C Kobayashi, Christian von Wagner, Jane Wardle
BACKGROUND: Cancer screening is a behavior that represents investment in future health. Such investment may depend on how much 'future' a person expects. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prospective association between perceived personal life expectancy and participation in fecal occult blood test screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) in a national program. METHODS: Data were from interviews with 3975 men and women in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) within the eligible age range for the national screening program (60 to 74 years)...
November 7, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804030/a-cross-sectional-assessment-of-literacy-and-awareness-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-colorectal-cancer-and-its-screening-in-riyadh-region
#6
Khalid M Almutairi, Wadi B Alonazi, Abdulaziz Alodhayani, Jason M Vinluan, Mohammad Ahmad, Sultana Abdulaziz Alhurishi, Nourah Alsadhan, Majed Mohammed Alsalem, Nader Eqaab Alotaibi, Alaa Mustafa Alaqeel
This study aims to explore the association between functional health literacy and awareness for, beliefs, and attitudes of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and CRC screening test in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A total of 256 participants from two different tertiary level hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia were recruited in this study. The participants were interviewed by a trained researcher between October and December 2015. All respondents answered a three-part questionnaire which included demographic data, questions related to CRC awareness, attitude, behaviour, and short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (STOFHLA)...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769517/recommendations-on-fecal-immunochemical-testing-to-screen-for-colorectal-neoplasia-a-consensus-statement-by-the-us-multi-society-task-force-on-colorectal-cancer
#7
Douglas J Robertson, Jeffrey K Lee, C Richard Boland, Jason A Dominitz, Francis M Giardiello, David A Johnson, Tonya Kaltenbach, David Lieberman, Theodore R Levin, Douglas K Rex
The use of the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is supported by randomized trials demonstrating effectiveness in cancer prevention and widely recommended by guidelines for this purpose. The fecal immunochemical test (FIT), as a direct measure of human hemoglobin in stool has a number of advantages relative to conventional FOBT and is increasingly used relative to that test. This review summarizes current evidence for FIT in colorectal neoplasia detection and the comparative effectiveness of FIT relative to other commonly used CRC screening modalities...
October 18, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753435/recommendations-on-fecal-immunochemical-testing-to-screen-for-colorectal-neoplasia-a-consensus-statement-by-the-us-multi-society-task-force-on-colorectal-cancer
#8
Douglas J Robertson, Jeffrey K Lee, C Richard Boland, Jason A Dominitz, Francis M Giardiello, David A Johnson, Tonya Kaltenbach, David Lieberman, Theodore R Levin, Douglas K Rex
The use of the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is supported by randomized trials demonstrating effectiveness in cancer prevention and widely recommended by guidelines for this purpose. The fecal immunochemical test (FIT), as a direct measure of human hemoglobin in stool has a number of advantages relative to conventional FOBT and is increasingly used relative to that test. This review summarizes current evidence for FIT in colorectal neoplasia detection and the comparative effectiveness of FIT relative to other commonly used CRC screening modalities...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751790/association-between-positive-fecal-occult-blood-test-and-diabetes-in-a-population-undergoing-health-screening
#9
Kei Nakajima, Kaname Suwa
BACKGROUND: Numerous etiologies are implicated in the complications of diabetes. A link between diabetes and the predisposition to certain cancers, including colon cancer, has been established during the last decade. However, the relationship between fecal occult blood test (FOBT), a screening method used principally for detection of colon cancer, and diabetes has not been explored. METHODS: We investigated the association of positive FOBT with HbA1c of 5.70-6.49% (prediabetes) and HbA1c of ≥6...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747273/effect-of-quality-metric-monitoring-and-colonoscopy-performance
#10
Anthony Razzak, Dineen Smith, Maliha Zahid, Georgios Papachristou, Asif Khalid
Background and aims: Adenoma detection rate (ADR) and cecal withdrawal time (CWT) have been identified as measures of colonoscopy quality. This study evaluates the impact of monitoring these measures on provider performance. Methods: Six blinded gastroenterologists practicing at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center were prospectively monitored over 9 months. Data for screening, adenoma surveillance, and fecal occult blood test positive (FOBT +) indicated colonoscopies were obtained, including exam preparation quality, cecal intubation rate, CWT, ADR, adenomas per colonoscopy (APC), and adverse events...
October 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677350/types-of-gambling-and-levels-of-harm-a-uk-study-to-assess-severity-of-presentation-in-a-treatment-seeking-population
#11
Silvia Ronzitti, Emiliano Soldini, Vittorio Lutri, Neil Smith, Massimo Clerici, Henrietta Bowden-Jones
Background and aim Previous international research emphasized that some forms of gambling are more "addictive" than others. More recently, research has shown that we should shift our attention from the type of gambling activity to the level of involvement in a number of different gambling activities. The aim of our study was to verify whether a higher Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) score was associated with particular gambling activities and evaluate the impact of involvement on gambling behavior. Methods A total of 736 treatment-seeking individuals with gambling disorder were assessed at the National Problem Gambling Clinic in London...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665580/diagnostic-value-of-methylated-septin9-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-a-meta-analysis
#12
Shirong Yan, Zijing Liu, Shuang Yu, Yixi Bao
BACKGROUND Septin9 is a member of GTP-binding protein family, and is used as a predictive diagnostic index. However, it has not been widely adopted due to inconsistent results reported in the literature. The present study was performed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of methylated Septin9 (mSEPT9) for colorectal cancer (CRC) and to evaluate its utility in CRC screening. MATERIAL AND METHODS After reviewing relevant studies, accuracy measures (pooled sensitivity and specificity, positive/negative likelihood ratio [PLR/NLR], and diagnostic odds ratio [DOR]) were calculated for mSEPT9 in the diagnosis of CRC...
September 25, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649702/colorectal-cancer-screening-patient-education-materials-how-effective-is-online-health-information
#13
Elizabeth Sheena John, Ann M John, David R Hansberry, Prashant J Thomas, Prateek Agarwal, Christopher Deitch, Sita Chokhavatia
PURPOSE: Patients screened for colorectal cancer (CRC) frequently turn to the Internet to improve their understanding of tests used for detection, including colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy, fecal occult blood test (FOBT), and CT colonography. It was of interest to determine the quality and readability levels of online health information. METHODS: The screening tools were googled, and the top 20 results of each test were analyzed for readability, accessibility, usability, and reliability...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618142/equity-and-practice-issues-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-mixed-methods-study
#14
Sandy Buchman, Linda Rozmovits, Richard H Glazier
OBJECTIVE: To investigate overall colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates, patterns in the use of types of CRC screening, and sociodemographic characteristics associated with CRC screening; and to gain insight into physicians' perceptions about and use of fecal occult blood testing [FOBT] and colonoscopy for patients at average risk of CRC. DESIGN: Mixed-methods study using cross-sectional administrative data on patient sociodemographic characteristics and semistructured telephone interviews with physicians...
April 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597935/colorectal-cancer-screening-in-average-risk-populations-evidence-summary
#15
REVIEW
Jill Tinmouth, Emily T Vella, Nancy N Baxter, Catherine Dubé, Michael Gould, Amanda Hey, Nofisat Ismaila, Bronwen R McCurdy, Lawrence Paszat
Introduction. The objectives of this systematic review were to evaluate the evidence for different CRC screening tests and to determine the most appropriate ages of initiation and cessation for CRC screening and the most appropriate screening intervals for selected CRC screening tests in people at average risk for CRC. Methods. Electronic databases were searched for studies that addressed the research objectives. Meta-analyses were conducted with clinically homogenous trials. A working group reviewed the evidence to develop conclusions...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543620/comparison-of-collection-methods-for-fecal-samples-for-discovery-metabolomics-in-epidemiologic-studies
#16
Erikka Loftfield, Emily Vogtmann, Joshua N Sampson, Steven C Moore, Heidi Nelson, Rob Knight, Nicholas Chia, Rashmi Sinha
BACKGROUND: The gut metabolome may be associated with the incidence and progression of numerous diseases. The composition of the gut metabolome can be captured by measuring metabolite levels in the feces. However, there are little data describing the effect of fecal sample collection methods on metabolomic measures. METHODS: We collected fecal samples from 18 volunteers using four methods: no solution, 95% ethanol, fecal occult blood test (FOBT) cards, and fecal immunochemical test (FIT)...
November 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516067/barriers-to-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-a-primary-care-setting-in-turkey
#17
Mustafa Kursat Sahin, Servet Aker, Hatice Nilden Arslan
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common form of cancer in men worldwide and the second most common in women. The purpose of this study was to determine both barriers established by primary health care providers (PHCPs) and barriers perceived by them and to produce solutions for achieving the desired results. A four-part questionnaire was administered to family physicians (FPs) and family health personnels (FHPs) in Samsun, Turkey on 01-15 May, 2016. Sixty-six percent of PHCPs were contacted. Data were evaluated as numbers and percentages, and statistical significance was analyzed using the Chi square and t tests...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493910/the-effectiveness-of-fobt-vs-fit-a-meta-analysis-on-colorectal-cancer-screening-test
#18
Maryam Mousavinezhad, Reza Majdzadeh, Ali Akbari Sari, Alireza Delavari, Farideh Mohtasham
BACKGROUND: After lung and prostate cancers, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in men and the second most common cancer in women after breast cancer worldwide. Every year, more than one million people are diagnosed with colorectal cancer worldwide and half of these patients die from this disease, making it the fourth leading cause of death in the world. This systematic review aimed to assess the effectiveness of the two colorectal diagnostic tests of FOBT (fecal occult blood test) and FIT (fecal immunochemical test)) in terms of technical performance...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414462/understanding-of-a-negative-bowel-screening-result-and-potential-impact-on-future-symptom-appraisal-and-help-seeking-behaviour-a-focus-group-study
#19
Karen N Barnett, David Weller, Steve Smith, Sheina Orbell, Peter Vedsted, Robert J C Steele, Jane W Melia, Sue M Moss, Julietta Patnick, Christine Campbell
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using a faecal occult blood test (FOBt) has the potential to reduce cancer-related mortality. Symptom vigilance remains crucial as a proportion of cancers will be diagnosed between screening rounds. A negative FOBt has the potential to influence how participants respond to future symptoms of CRC. OBJECTIVE: To explore (i) understanding of a negative FOBt and (ii) the potential impact of a negative FOBt upon future symptom appraisal and help-seeking behaviour...
July 14, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388807/colonav-patient-navigation-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-deprived-areas-study-protocol
#20
C Allary, A Bourmaud, F Tinquaut, M Oriol, J Kalecinski, V Dutertre, N Lechopier, M Pommier, Y Benoist, S Rousseau, V Regnier, V Buthion, F Chauvin
BACKGROUND: The mass colorectal cancer screening program was implemented in 2008 in France, targeting 16 million French people aged between 50 and 74. The current adhesion is insufficient and the participation rate is even lower among the underserved population, increasing health inequalities within our health care system. Patient Navigation programs have proved their efficiency to promote the access to cancer screening and diagnosis. METHODS/DESIGN: The purpose of the study is to assess the implementation of a patient navigation intervention that has been described in another cultural environment and another health care system...
2016: BMC Cancer
keyword
keyword
94466
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"