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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324557/factors-influencing-participation-in-fecal-occult-blood-testing-to-screen-for-colorectal-cancer-in-australia-a-scoping-review-protocol
#1
Simone Lee, Andrea Miller
The objective of this scoping review is to examine and map the evidence on the range of factors influencing a person's decision to screen or not screen for colorectal cancer using a fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in Australia, with the view to identifying gaps in the research and informing appropriate questions for future systematic reviews.The question of this review is: what evidence is available around the barriers and facilitators that influence an individual's decision to screen or not screen for colorectal cancer using a fecal occult blood test in Australia?...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304835/a-systematic-review-of-clinic-and-community-intervention-to-increase-fecal-testing-for-colorectal-cancer-in-rural-and-low-income-populations-in-the-united-states-how-what-and-when
#2
Melinda M Davis, Michele Freeman, Jackilen Shannon, Gloria D Coronado, Kurt C Stange, Jeanne-Marie Guise, Stephanie B Wheeler, David I Buckley
BACKGROUND: Interventions to improve fecal testing for colorectal cancer (CRC) exist, but are not yet routine practice. We conducted this systematic review to determine how implementation strategies and contextual factors influenced the uptake of interventions to increase Fecal Immunochemical Tests (FIT) and Fecal Occult Blood Testing (FOBT) for CRC in rural and low-income populations in the United States. METHODS: We searched Medline and the Cochrane Library from January 1998 through July 2016, and Scopus and clinicaltrials...
January 6, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283904/role-of-full-spectrum-endoscopy-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-randomized-trial
#3
Henar Núñez-Rodríguez, Pilar Diez-Redondo, Manuel Pérez-Miranda, Manuel Gonzalez Sagrado, Rosa Conde, Carlos De la Serna
GOALS: The aim of this study was to compare a new, full-spectrum endoscope (Fuse; EndoChoice, Alpharetta, GA) to standard forward-viewing colonoscopy in the detection of colorectal neoplasms. BACKGROUND: Colonoscopy, the gold standard for the detection of colorectal cancer, fails to detect 22% to 28% of polyps, increasing the risk of interval cancer. Endoscopic improvement of the adenoma detection rate decrease interval carcinomas. Full-spectrum endoscopy (FUSE) (330-degree field of view), in a tandem study, has been shown to reduce the adenoma miss rate...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281865/cancer-screening-awareness-and-practice-in-a-middle-income-country-a-systematic-review-from-ira
#4
Azam Majidi, Somayye Majidi, Somayye Salimzadeh, Maryam Khazaee- Pool, Alireza Sadjadi, Hamideh Salimzadeh, Alireza Delavari
Objective: Ageing population and noticeable changes in lifestyle in developing countries like Iran caused an increase in cancer incidence. This requires organized cancer prevention and screening programs in population level, but most importantly community should be aware of these programs and willing to use them. This study explored existing evidence on public awareness and practice, as well as, adherence to cancer screening in Iranian population. Methods: Major English databases including Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and domestic Persian databases i...
December 28, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246126/perceptions-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-and-recommendation-behaviors-among-physicians-in-korea
#5
Hye Young Shin, Mina Suh, Boyoung Park, Jae Kwan Jun, Kui Son Choi
BACKGROUND: Physician recommendations for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening have consistently been shown to be a strong predictor of screening. The aim of this study was to investigate perceptions of CRC screening modalities and recommendation behaviors among physicians in Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional, nationally representative survey conducted between November 2013 and February 2014. In total, 379 physicians (241 primary care physicians and 138 physicians affiliated with the Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases responded to this survey (overall response rate of 31...
December 16, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239679/primary-care-variability-in-patients-at-higher-risk-for-colorectal-cancer-evaluation-of-screening-and-preventive-care-practices
#6
John Peabody, Juan-Sebastien Salvidar, Eric Swagel, Steven Fugaro, David Paculdo, Mary Tran
OBJECTIVE: Sub-optimal colorectal cancer (CRC) evaluations have been attributed to both physician and patient factors. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate physician practice variation in patients with a higher risk of CRC. We wanted to identify the physician characteristics and the types of patient that were associated with missed screening opportunities; we also explored whether screening for CRC served as a proxy for better preventive care practices. METHODS: 213 board-certified family and internal medicine physicians participated in the study, conducted between September and December 2016...
December 14, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197686/the-impact-of-screening-on-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-missouri-usa-2004-2013
#7
Y Yoshida, C L Schmaltz, J Jackson-Thompson, E J Simoes
OBJECTIVES: Population-based evidence regarding impact of cancer screenings and cancer rates in Missouri is lacking. This study examined whether screenings of breast cancer, cervical cancer, and colorectal cancer impact early-stage cancer incidence and mortality in Missouri. STUDY DESIGN: This is an ecological study based on county-specific estimates of selected cancer screening prevalence and early-stage cancer incidence and cancer mortality. METHODS: County-specific prevalence of clinical breast examination, mammography, Pap test, sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy, and fecal occult blood test (FOBT) were generated from Missouri County-Level Study (2003, 2007, and 2011)...
November 30, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168060/the-role-of-physician-recommendation-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-receipt-among-immigrant-chinese-americans
#8
Jane Jih, Minh P Nguyen, Irene Ly, Janice Y Tsoh, Gem M Le, Kent Woo, Elaine Chan, Ginny Gildengorin, Susan L Stewart, Adam Burke, Rena Pasick, Stephen J McPhee, Tung T Nguyen
Chinese Americans have low colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates. It is unclear whether physicians should offer all CRC screening modalities (fecal occult blood test [FOBT], sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy) to Chinese Americans to increase screening. Seven hundred and twenty-five Chinese Americans were asked in a survey if their physician had ever recommended CRC screening and to self-report receipt and type of CRC screening. Participants whose physician had recommended all CRC screening modalities were significantly more likely to report ever having screening (adjusted odds ratio 4...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079854/identification-of-mst1-as-a-potential-early-detection-biomarker-for-colorectal-cancer-through-a-proteomic-approach
#9
Jiekai Yu, Xiaohui Zhai, Xiaofen Li, Chenhan Zhong, Cheng Guo, Fuquan Yang, Ying Yuan, Shu Zheng
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignant neoplasm worldwide. It is important to identify new biomarkers for the early detection of CRC. In this study, magnetic beads and the Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) platform were used to analyse CRC and healthy control (HC) serum samples. The CRC diagnosis pattern was established to have a specificity of 94.7% and sensitivity of 92.3% in a blind test. The candidate biomarker serine/threonine kinase 4 (STK4, also known as MST1) was identified by Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and verified with western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
October 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047146/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-colorectal-cancer-based-on-56-324-health-checkups-7-years-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Toshiko Fujii, Masayuki Ohisa, Toru Sako, Takayuki Harakawa, Kazuaki Sakanume, Shintaro Nagashima, Aya Sugiyama, Yuuichiro Matsuura, Junko Tanaka
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Although mortality rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) have been increasing in Japan, its screening rates remain stagnant at 19.2% among Japanese population aged >40 years in 2014. To evaluate the importance of CRC screening by fecal occult blood test (FOBT), we estimated the incidence of FOBT-positivity and CRC by sex-age stratification and clarified the risk factors for CRC. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2014, 56,324 residents (21,517 men and 34,807 women) were enrolled in this study...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887191/factors-influencing-participation-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-programs-in-spain
#11
Mercedes Vanaclocha-Espi, Josefa Ibáñez, Ana Molina-Barceló, Elena Pérez, Andreu Nolasco, Rebeca Font, Francisco Pérez-Riquelme, Mariola de la Vega, Eunate Arana-Arri, MªElena Oceja, Josep Alfons Espinàs, Isabel Portillo, Dolores Salas
To analyze the sociodemographic and organizational factors influencing participation in population-based colorectal cancer screening programs (CRCSP) in Spain, a retrospective study was conducted in a cohort of people invited to participate in the first 3 screening rounds of 6 CRCSP from 2000 to 2012. Mixed logistic regression models were used to analyze the relationship between sociodemographic and organizational factors, such as the type of fecal occult blood test (FOBT) used and the FOBT delivery type. The analysis was performed separately in groups (Initial screening-first invitation, Subsequent invitation for previous never-responders, Subsequent invitation-regular, Subsequent invitation-irregular intervals)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870234/collection-of-non-meconium-stool-on-fecal-occult-blood-cards-is-an-effective-method-for-fecal-microbiota-studies-in-infants
#12
Wendy S W Wong, Nicole Clemency, Elisabeth Klein, Marina Provenzano, Ramaswamy Iyer, John E Niederhuber, Suchitra K Hourigan
BACKGROUND: Effective methods are needed to collect fecal samples from children for large-scale microbiota studies. Stool collected on fecal occult blood test (FOBT) cards that can be mailed provides an effective solution; however, the quality of sequencing resulting from this method is unknown. The aim of this study is to compare microbiota metrics of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing from stool and meconium collected on FOBT cards with stool collected in an Eppendorf tube (ET) under different conditions...
September 5, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867474/fecal-immunological-blood-test-is-more-appealing-than-the-guaiac-based-test-for-colorectal-cancer-screening
#13
Fanny Le Pimpec, Grégoire Moutel, Christine Piette, Astrid Lièvre, Jean-François Bretagne
BACKGROUND: The reasons for participation in fecal immunological testing (FIT) of subjects who were previously non-respondents to guaiac fecal occult blood testing (g-FOBT) have not been assessed. POPULATION AND METHODS: We aimed to determine the reasons for current compliance with FIT among non-responders to g-FOBT, termed "converts", in a French district. A questionnaire was returned by 170 converts aged from 55 to 75 years (response rate 75.2% after exclusions)...
August 10, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863872/decision-making-in-fecal-occult-blood-test-compliance-a-quali-quantitative-study-investigating-motivational-processes
#14
G Broc, B Denis, J-B Fassier, I Gendre, P Perrin, B Quintard
The qualitative-quantitative study investigates the co-existence of barriers and levers to FOBT screening in 5894 individuals reluctant to be screened, identifying operational motivational patterns that may increase screening compliance. Co-occurrence analysis was performed according to three motivational conditions (barriers, levers, or both).Cluster analysis then identified motivational predictors of effective screening. One quarter of the individuals who had refused screening nevertheless expressed at least one motivation towards FOBT...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856900/the-development-of-an-artificial-stool-usable-for-the-surveillance-of-faecal-haemoglobin-testing
#15
Akira Miike, Zensuke Ogawa, Ikunosuke Sakurabayashi
Background Faecal occult blood testing is an important diagnostic tool for the detection of colorectal cancer. However, it has not been standardized due to the absence of suitable specimens for surveillance. Methods We developed a ready-to-use artificial stool made from rice flour. This new artificial stool homogeneously contains not only human haemoglobin A0 (HbA0) but also glycerol as an internal standard material. After the collection of the artificial stool into a buffer, the haemoglobin concentration in dispersed solution was measured using a method based on the peroxidase like activity of haemoglobin...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843251/investigating-factors-associated-with-fobt-screening-for-colorectal-cancer-based-on-the-components-of-health-belief-model-and-social-support
#16
Ali Khani Jeihooni, Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Afsaneh Shokri, Seyyed Hannan Kashfi, Shahnaz Karimi
Introduction: This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with FOBT screening for colorectal cancer based on the components of Health Belief Model and social support in Fasa City, Fars Province, Iran. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out on 240 subjects in people of Fasa city who had 50 years old and above. The subjects in this study were assigned to two groups of 120 patients. The first group included people over 50 years, who referred to the diagnostic laboratories for doing FOBT, but the second group included people aged 50 years and above who did not refer to a laboratory for doing FOBT and were assessed by questionnaires at home...
August 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842164/colorectal-cancer-screening-in-rural-and-poor-resourced-communities
#17
Michael A Preston, Katherine Glover-Collins, Levi Ross, Austin Porter, Zoran Bursac, Delores Woods, Jacqueline Burton, Karen Crowell, Jonathan Laryea, Ronda S Henry-Tillman
To test the efficacy of a community-based intervention, Empowering Communities for Life (EC4L), designed to increase colorectal cancer (CRC) screening through fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in rural underserved communities in a randomized controlled trial. Participants were randomized into 3 groups (2 interventions and 1 control). Interventions were delivered by community lay health workers or by academic health professionals. The main outcome of interest was return rate of FOBT screening kit within 60 days...
August 12, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804005/performance-assessment-of-the-saps-ii-and-sofa-scoring-systems-in-hanta-virus-hemorrhagic-fever-with-renal-syndrome
#18
Zhenjun Yu, Ni Zhou, Ali Li, Jie Chen, Huazhong Chen, Zebao He, Fei Yan, Haihong Zhao, Jiansheng Zhu
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS), caused by the hantavirus, is a natural infectious disease characterized by fever, hemorrhage and renal damage. China is the most severely endemic area for HFRS in the world. In recent years, critical scoring systems based on quantitative classification have become an important clinical tool for predicting and evaluating the prognosis of critical illness, and provide guidelines for clinical practice. METHODS: The sample comprised 384 patients with HFRS treated in the Taizhou Hospital from January 2006 to February 2017...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703752/effects-of-promotional-materials-on-attitudes-and-fear-towards-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-chinese-older-adults-an-experimental-study
#19
Doris Y P Leung, Joanne M T Chen, Vivian W Q Lou, Eliza M L Wong, Aileen W K Chan, Winnie K W So, Carmen W H Chan
Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is a cost-effective prevention and control strategy. However, the promotion of CRC screening for older adults may be difficult because reading CRC prevention information may evoke embarrassment, fear, and anxiety towards the screening procedure and cancer diagnosis. This study aims to (1) examine the effects of three promotional materials for CRC screening on the attitudes toward CRC screening tests (screening interest, screening effectiveness, and trust in the screening results) and cancer fear, and (2) to explore the interaction effect of cancer fear with screening effectiveness and trust in the screening results on screening interest of the three screening tests (fecal occult blood test (FOBT), flexible sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy) among Chinese older adults...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691053/performance-report-cards-increase-adenoma-detection-rate
#20
Michael Sai Lai Sey, Andy Liu, Samuel Asfaha, Victoria Siebring, Vipul Jairath, Brian Yan
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : Adenoma detection rate (ADR) is an important measure of colonoscopy quality, as are polyp, advanced ADR, and adenocarcinoma detection rates. We investigated whether performance report cards improved these outcome measures. PATIENTS AND METHODS : Endoscopists were given report cards comparing their detection rates to the institutional mean on an annual basis. Detection rates were evaluated at baseline, 1 year after report cards (Year 1), and 2 years after report cards (Year 2)...
July 2017: Endoscopy International Open
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