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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637194/high-iron-supply-inhibits-the-synthesis-of-the-genotoxin-colibactin-by-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-through-a-non-canonical-fur-ryhb-mediated-pathway
#1
Sophie Tronnet, Christophe Garcie, Alexander O Brachmann, Jörn Piel, Eric Oswald, Patricia Martin
The genotoxin colibactin is a secondary metabolite produced by a variety of pathogenic Enterobacteria, and is associated with colon cancer development and acute systemic infections. The colibactin biosynthesis requires the enzymatic activity of the phosphopantetheinyl transferase ClbA. We recently evidenced that two master regulators of bacterial iron homeostasis, i.e. the ferric uptake regulator (Fur) and the small regulatory non-coding RNA RyhB, were involved in the regulation of the clbA transcription and of the colibactin production...
June 20, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628361/lipocalin-2-an-emerging-player-in-iron-homeostasis-and-inflammation
#2
Xia Xiao, Beng San Yeoh, Matam Vijay-Kumar
Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2), an innate immune protein, has emerged as a critical iron regulatory protein during physiological and inflammatory conditions. As a bacteriostatic factor, Lcn2 obstructs the siderophore iron-acquiring strategy of bacteria and thus inhibits bacterial growth. As part of host nutritional immunity, Lcn2 facilitates systemic, cellular, and mucosal hypoferremia during inflammation, in addition to stabilizing the siderophore-bound labile iron pool. In this review, we summarize recent advances in understanding the interaction between Lcn2 and iron, and its effects in various inflammatory diseases...
June 19, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627551/gold-loaded-nanoporous-iron-oxide-nanocubes-a-novel-dispersible-capture-agent-for-tumor-associated-autoantibody-analysis-in-serum
#3
Sharda Yadav, Mostafa Kamal Masud, Md Nazmul Islam, Vinod Gopalan, Alfred King-Yin Lam, Shunsuke Tanaka, Nam-Trung Nguyen, Md Shahriar Al Hossain, Cuiling Li, Md Yusuke Yamauchi, Muhammad J A Shiddiky
Autoantibodies are produced against tumor associated antigens (TAAs) long before the appearance of any symptoms and thus can serve as promising, non-invasive biomarkers for early diagnosis of cancer. Current conventional methods for autoantibody detection are highly invasive and mostly provide diagnosis in the later stages of cancer. Herein we report a new electrochemical method for early detection of p53 autoantibodies against colon cancer using a strategy that combines the strength of gold-loaded nanoporous iron oxide nanocube (Au@NPFe2O3NC)-based capture and purification while incorporating the inherent simplicity, inexpensive, and portable nature of the electrochemical and naked-eye colorimetric readouts...
June 19, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626481/quantum-mechanical-molecular-mechanical-and-docking-study-of-the-novel-analogues-based-on-hybridization-of-common-pharmacophores-as-potential-anti-breast-cancer-agents
#4
Parvin Asadi, Ghadamali Khodarahmi, Hossein Farrokhpour, Farshid Hassanzadeh, Lotfollah Saghaei
In an attempt to identify some new potential leads as anti-breast cancer agents, novel hybrid compounds were designed by molecular hybridization approach. These derivatives were structurally derived from hybrid benzofuran-imidazole and quinazolinone derivatives, which had shown good cytotoxicity against the breast cancer cell line (MCF-7). Since aromatase enzyme (CYP19) is highly expressed in the MCF-7 cell line, the binding of these novel hybrid compounds to aromatase was investigated using the docking method...
June 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625045/size-dependent-heating-of-magnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#5
Sheng Tong, Christopher A Quinto, Linlin Zhang, Priya Mohindra, Gang Bao
The ability to generate heat under an alternating magnetic field (AMF) makes magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MIONs) an ideal heat source for biomedical applications including cancer thermoablative therapy, tissue preservation, and remote control of cell function. However, there is a lack of quantitative understanding of the mechanisms governing heat generation of MIONs, and the optimal nanoparticle size for magnetic fluid heating (MFH) applications. Here, we show that MIONs with large sizes (>20 nm) have a specific absorption rate (SAR) significantly higher than that predicted by the widely used linear theory of MFH...
June 21, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624617/core-shell-iron-oxide-layered-double-hydroxide-high-electrochemical-sensing-performance-of-h2o2-biomarker-in-live-cancer-cells-with-plasma-therapeutics
#6
Muhammad Asif, Hongwei Liu, Ayesha Aziz, Haitao Wang, Zhengyun Wang, Muhammad Ajmal, Fei Xiao, Hongfang Liu
In this work, we develop a new type of multifunctional core-shell nanomaterial by controllable integration of CuAl layered double hydroxides (LDHs) over the surface of iron oxides (Fe3O4) nanospheres (NSs) to fabricate (Fe3O4@CuAl NSs) hybrid material with interior tunability of LDH phase and explore its practical application in ultrasensitive detection of emerging biomarker, i.e., H2O2 as cancer diagnostic probe. In addition, atmospheric pressure plasmas (APPs) have also been used as potential therapeutic approach for cancer treatment...
June 3, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623321/dysbiosis-in-chronic-periodontitis-key-microbial-players-and-interactions-with-the-human-host
#7
Zhi-Luo Deng, Szymon P Szafrański, Michael Jarek, Sabin Bhuju, Irene Wagner-Döbler
Periodontitis is an extremely prevalent disease worldwide and is driven by complex dysbiotic microbiota. Here we analyzed the transcriptional activity of the periodontal pocket microbiota from all domains of life as well as the human host in health and chronic periodontitis. Bacteria showed strong enrichment of 18 KEGG functional modules in chronic periodontitis, including bacterial chemotaxis, flagellar assembly, type III secretion system, type III CRISPR-Cas system, and two component system proteins. Upregulation of these functions was driven by the red-complex pathogens and candidate pathogens, e...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616842/characterization-of-magneto-endosymbionts-as-mri-cell-labeling-and-tracking-agents
#8
Kimberly D Brewer, Ryan Spitler, Kayla R Lee, Andrea C Chan, Joyce C Barrozo, Abdul Wakeel, Chandler S Foote, Steven Machtaler, James Rioux, Juergen K Willmann, Papia Chakraborty, Bradley W Rice, Christopher H Contag, Caleb B Bell, Brian K Rutt
PURPOSE: Magneto-endosymbionts (MEs) show promise as living magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents for in vivo cell tracking. Here we characterize the biomedical imaging properties of ME contrast agents, in vitro and in vivo. PROCEDURES: By adapting and engineering magnetotactic bacteria to the intracellular niche, we are creating magneto-endosymbionts (MEs) that offer advantages relative to passive iron-based contrast agents (superparamagnetic iron oxides, SPIOs) for cell tracking...
June 14, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616085/helicobacter-pylori-infection-old-and-new
#9
REVIEW
S Diaconu, A Predescu, A Moldoveanu, C S Pop, C Fierbințeanu-Braticevici
Helicobacter pylori is a spiral-shaped bacterium that grows in the digestive tract and may be present in more than half of the world's population. The clinical features of Helicobacter pylori range from asymptomatic gastritis to gastrointestinal malignancy. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is a low-grade B-cell marginal zone lymphoma and Helicobacter pylori has been detected in more than 75% of the patients with MALT lymphoma. Many tests for the detection of Helicobacter pylori are available, including antibody tests, urea breath tests, stool antigen tests and endoscopic biopsies...
April 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615452/interplay-of-the-iron-regulated-metastasis-suppressor-ndrg1-with-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-egfr-and-oncogenic-signaling
#10
Sharleen V Menezes, Sumit Sahni, Zaklina Kovacevic, Des R Richardson
The iron-regulated metastasis suppressor N-myc downstream regulated gene 1 (NDRG1), has been shown to inhibit numerous oncogenic signaling pathways in cancer cells. Recent findings have demonstrated that NDRG1 inhibits the ErbB family of receptors, which function as key inducers of carcinogenesis. NDRG1 attenuates ErbB signaling by inhibiting formation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and HER2/HER3 heterodimers and by downregulating EGFR via a mechanism involving its degradation...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613094/an-iron-hand-over-cancer-stem-cells
#11
Ahmed Hamaï, Tatiana Cañeque, Sebastian Müller, Trang Thi Mai, Antje Hienzsch, Christophe Ginestier, Emmanuelle Charafe-Jauffret, Patrice Codogno, Maryam Mehrpour, Raphaël Rodriguez
The paradigm of cancer stem cells (CSCs) defines the existence of cells exhibiting self-renewal and tumor-seeding capacity. These cells have been associated with tumor relapse and are typically resistant to conventional chemotherapeutic agents. Over the past decade, chemical biology studies have revealed a significant number of small molecules able to alter the proliferation of these cells in various settings. The natural product salinomycin has emerged as the most promising anti-CSC agent. However, an explicit mechanism of action has not yet been characterized, in particular due to the pleiotropic responses salinomycin is known for...
June 14, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601058/in-vitro-study-of-spions-c595-as-molecular-imaging-probe-for-specific-breast-cancer-mcf-7-cells-detection
#12
Pegah Moradi Khaniabadi, Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei, Amin Malik Shah Abdul Majid, Mohammad Suhaimi Jaafar, Bita Moradi Khaniabadi, Saghar Shahbazi-Gahrouei
Background: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays an essential role in molecular imaging by delivering the contrast agent into targeted cancer cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the C595 monoclonal antibody-conjugated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs-C595) for the detection of breast cancer cell (MCF-7). Methods: The conjugation of monoclonal antibody and nanoparticles was confirmed using X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and photon correlation spectroscopy...
June 11, 2017: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600977/targeting-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-metal-organic-network-nano-complexes-for-preventing-tumor-metastasis
#13
Jin-Xuan Fan, Di-Wei Zheng, Lei Rong, Jing-Yi Zhu, Sheng Hong, Cao Li, Zu-Shun Xu, Si-Xue Cheng, Xian-Zheng Zhang
Tumor metastasis is the leading cause of death in cancer patients, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an essential step in tumor metastasis. Unfortunately, during the chemotherapy, EMT could be induced under the selective pressure of clinical cytotoxic drugs. Here, to solve this problem, we have synthesized multi-functional epigallocatechin gallate/iron nano-complexes (EIN) as a versatile coating material to improve conventional therapies. In vitro studies showed that this strategy could eliminate EMT-type cancer cells...
September 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598368/self-assembled-lipid-nanoparticles-for-oral-delivery-of-heparin-coated-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-for-theranostic-purposes
#14
Eleonora Truzzi, Chiara Bongio, Francesca Sacchetti, Eleonora Maretti, Monica Montanari, Valentina Iannuccelli, Elena Vismara, Eliana Leo
Recently, solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) have attracted increasing attention owing to their potential as an oral delivery system, promoting intestinal absorption in the lymphatic circulation which plays a role in disseminating metastatic cancer cells and infectious agents throughout the body. SLN features can be exploited for the oral delivery of theranostics. Therefore, the aim of this work was to design and characterise self-assembled lipid nanoparticles (SALNs) to encapsulate and stabilise iron oxide nanoparticles non-covalently coated with heparin (Fe@hepa) as a model of a theranostic tool...
June 9, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594817/a-shifting-mutational-landscape-in-6-nutritional-states-stress-induced-mutagenesis-as-a-series-of-distinct-stress-input-mutation-output-relationships
#15
Ram P Maharjan, Thomas Ferenci
Environmental stresses increase genetic variation in bacteria, plants, and human cancer cells. The linkage between various environments and mutational outcomes has not been systematically investigated, however. Here, we established the influence of nutritional stresses commonly found in the biosphere (carbon, phosphate, nitrogen, oxygen, or iron limitation) on both the rate and spectrum of mutations in Escherichia coli. We found that each limitation was associated with a remarkably distinct mutational profile...
June 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590721/biocompatible-iron-phthalocyanine-albumin-assemblies-as-photoacoustic-and-thermal-theranostics-in-living-mice
#16
Qingyan Jia, Jiechao Ge, Weimin Liu, Xiuli Zheng, Mengqi Wang, Hongyan Zhang, Pengfei Wang
Exploring novel and versatile nanomaterials for the construction of personalized multifunctional phototheranostics with significant potentials in bioimaging-guided tumor phototherapies has attracted considerable attention. Herein, the phototheranostic agent human serum albumin-iron (II) phthalocyanine FePc nanoparticles (HSA-FePc NPs) were fabricated for photoacoustic (PA) imaging-guided photothermal therapy (PTT) of cancer in vivo. The prepared HSA-FePc NPs exhibited high stability, efficient NIR absorption, good capability and stability of photothermal behavior with a high photothermal conversion efficiency of ∼44...
June 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588582/nanoparticle-based-magnetic-resonance-imaging-on-tumor-associated-macrophages-and-inflammation
#17
REVIEW
Natalie J Serkova
The inflammatory response, mediated by tissue-resident or newly recruited macrophages, is an underlying pathophysiological condition for many diseases, including diabetes, obesity, neurodegeneration, atherosclerosis, and cancer. Paradoxically, inflammation is a double-edged sword in oncology. Macrophages are, generally speaking, the major drivers of inflammatory insult. For many solid tumors, high density of cells expressing macrophage-associated markers have generally been found in association with a poor clinical outcome, characterized by inflamed microenvironment, a high level of dissemination and resistance to conventional chemotherapies...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586725/cadmium-arsenic-selenium-and-iron-implications-for-tumor-progression-in-breast-cancer
#18
E Jablonska, K Socha, E Reszka, E Wieczorek, J Skokowski, L Kalinowski, W Fendler, B Seroczynska, M Wozniak, M H Borawska, W Wasowicz
The aim of this study was to determine Cd (cadmium) and As (arsenic) contents in human breast cancer tissues, investigate their interactions with Se (selenium) and Fe (iron), and assess their further implications for tumor progression. Metal contents were determined in 42 tissue sets (tumor and adjacent tissue) collected from 42 women diagnosed with primary breast cancer. Analytical methods included AAS and ICP-MS techniques. Significantly higher contents of Cd (p=0.0003), Se (p<0.0001) and Fe (p=0.0441) whereas significantly lower content of As (p<0...
May 30, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579004/sirna-delivery-system-based-on-magnetic-nanovectors-characterization-and-stability-evaluation
#19
Mohammed Abdelrahman, Laurence Douziech Eyrolles, Suad Y Alkarib, Katel Hervé-Aubert, Sanaa Ben Djemaa, Hervé Marchais, Igor Chourpa, Stephanie David
Gene therapy and particularly small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a promising therapeutic method for treatment of various human diseases, especially cancer. However the lack of an ideal delivery system limits its clinical applications. Effective anticancer drug development represents the key for translation of research advances into medicines. Previously we reported, the optimization of magnetic siRNA nanovectors (MSN) formulation based on superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) and chitosan for systemic administration...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576788/pigs-%C3%A2-unlike-mice-have-two-distinct-colonic-stem-cell-populations-similar-to-humans-that-respond-to-high-calorie-diet-prior-to-insulin-resistance
#20
Venkata Charepalli, Lavanya Reddivari, Sridhar Radhakrishnan, Elisabeth Eriksson, Xia Xiao, Sung Woo Kim, Frank Shen, Vijay Kumar Matam, Qunhua Li, Vadiraja B Bhat, Rob Knight, Jairam K P Vanamala
Basal colonic crypt stem cells are long lived and play a role in colon homeostasis. Previous evidence has shown that high-calorie diet (HCD) enhances colonic stem cell numbers and expansion of the proliferative zone, an important biomarker for colon cancer. However, it is not clear how HCD drives dysregulation of colon stem cell/colonocyte proliferative kinetics. We used a human-relevant pig model and developed an immunofluorescence technique to detect and quantify colonic stem cells. Pigs (n = 8/group) were provided either standard diet (SD; 5 % fat) or HCD (25 % fat) for 13 weeks...
June 2, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
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