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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442459/the-usefulness-of-routinely-used-malnutrition-screening-tools-in-predicting-anemia-in-lung-cancer-patients
#1
Katarzyna A Zabłocka-Słowińska, Monika Kosacka, Irena Porębska, Konrad Pawełczyk, Marcin Gołecki, Jadwiga Biernat, Halina Grajeta
BACKGROUND: Anemia and malnutrition are frequently observed during lung cancer development, and the associations between them have been researched. However, no study concerning the utility of routinely used nutritional screening tools in predicting anemia in lung cancer has been performed. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of routinely used malnutrition screening tools in predicting anemia in lung cancer patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-five male patients were recruited to this study...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435183/expression-and-function-of-nuclear-receptor-coactivator-4-isoforms-in-transformed-endometriotic-and-malignant-ovarian-cells
#2
Stephanie Rockfield, Idhaliz Flores, Meera Nanjundan
Iron is proposed to contribute to the transition from endometriosis to specific subtypes of ovarian cancers (OVCAs). Regulation of intracellular iron occurs via a ferritinophagic process involving NCOA4 (Nuclear Receptor Coactivator 4), represented by two major isoforms (NCOA4α and NCOA4β), whose contribution to ovarian cancer biology remains uninvestigated. We thus generated transformed endometriotic cells (via HRAS V12A , c-MYC T58A , and p53 inactivation) whose migratory potential was increased in response to conditioned media from senescent endometriotic cells...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434930/increased-expression-of-hepcidin-and-associated-upregulation-of-jak-stat3-signaling-in-human-gastric-cancer
#3
Erdong Zuo, Ye Lu, Min Yan, Xiangtao Pan, Xu Cheng
Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignancies with high cancer-associated mortality rate globally. Hepcidin is the peptide hormone, which is critically important in the regulation of systemic iron homeostasis. Cumulating evidence has reported that the disturbed local expression of hepcidin may serve as a predictive biomarker in assessing the clinical outcomes in a range of cancer types. However, the expression profile of hepcidin in human gastric cancer is remains to be investigated. In the present retrospective study, using archived paraffin-embedded tissue blocks, the local production of hepcidin by immunohistochemical analysis was detected, and then its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics in human gastric cancer was evaluated...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433060/dual-tumor-targeted-multifunctional-magnetic-hyaluronic-acid-micelles-for-enhanced-mr-imaging-and-combined-photothermal-chemotherapy
#4
Shaohui Zheng, Jiwon Han, Zhen Jin, Chang-Sei Kim, Sukho Park, Kyu-Pyo Kim, Jong-Oh Park, Eunpyo Choi
Multifunctional polymeric micelles were developed as a promising dual tumor-targeted drug delivery platform for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and combined photothermal-chemotherapy. HA-C16 copolymers were synthesized via peptide formation process with subsequent co-encapsulation of therapeutic agent docetaxel (DTX) and superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) to form the multifunctional micelles. The micelles exhibited uniform nanosize and remarkable colloidal stability in aqueous solution. The sustained drug release behavior from HA micelles was observed over the test period...
February 5, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429940/review-of-novel-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-techniques-in-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#5
REVIEW
Yeliz Emine Ersoy, Huseyin Kadioglu
Breast cancer patients who present with nodal metastasis receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with increasing frequency and can have complete pathologic response after treatment. In this clinical scenario, sentinel node mapping and biopsy are gaining acceptance instead of axillary dissection to avoid morbidity. Biopsy proven positive lymph nodes must be reliably excised and examined after NAC to further decrease the false negativity rate of sentinel lymph node (SLN) surgery. The standard method for axillary staging in breast cancer patients even after NAC is SLN biopsy (SLNB) with a radioisotope, blue dye, or both (dual technique)...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425784/the-reach-of-human-health-risks-associated-with-metals-metalloids-in-water-and-vegetables-along-a-contaminated-river-catchment-south-africa-and-mozambique
#6
Bettina Genthe, Thandi Kapwata, Wouter Le Roux, Jessica Chamier, Caradee Y Wright
BACKGROUND: Anthropogenic pollution was identified as an environmental problem of concern when, in 2008, dozens of crocodiles died in the Olifants River catchment near the border of South Africa and Mozambique. Given the close proximity of households to the river and their making use of river water, we aimed to determine to what extent water pollution has an impact on health of indigent communities in South Africa and Mozambique in the catchment area. METHODS: Water and vegetable samples were collected from the study areas...
February 1, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413105/diagnostic-potential-of-major-and-trace-elements-in-the-serum-of-bladder-cancer-patients
#7
Sven Wach, Katrin Weigelt, Bernhard Michalke, Verena Lieb, Robert Stoehr, Bastian Keck, Arndt Hartmann, Bernd Wullich, Helge Taubert, Anwar Chaudhri
Major and trace elements may play a role in the diagnosis of diseases. In this study, we investigated the concentration of 26 major and trace elements in the serum by inductively coupled plasma (ICP) - optical emission spectrometry (OES) and ICP-sector field-mass spectrometry (sf-MS). We analyzed the serum from a discovery cohort of 6 bladder cancer (BCa) patients and 12 healthy controls as well as from a validation cohort of 21 BCa patients, 29 non-tumor bladder patients (with acute and chronic inflammation) and 18 healthy controls...
March 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411821/small-molecule-anticancer-agents-kill-cancer-cells-by-harnessing-reactive-oxygen-species-in-an-iron-dependent-manner
#8
Sara R Fedorka, Kevin So, Ayad A Al-Hamashi, Ibtissam Gad, Ronit Shah, Veronika Kholodovych, Hanan D Alqahtani, William R Taylor, L M Viranga Tillekeratne
In the course of generating a library of open-chain epothilones, we discovered a new class of small molecule anticancer agents that has no effect on tubulin but instead kills selected cancer cell lines by harnessing reactive oxygen species in an iron-dependent manner. Results of the preliminary studies are consistent with the recently described cell death mechanism ferroptosis. Studies are in progress to confirm ferroptosis as the cell death mechanism and to identify the specific molecular targets of these small molecule anticancer agents...
February 7, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410996/modulation-of-thiol-dependent-redox-system-by-metal-ions-via-thioredoxin-and-glutaredoxin-systems
#9
REVIEW
Yanfang Ouyang, Yi Peng, Jing Li, Arne Holmgren, Jun Lu
The thioredoxin and glutaredoxin systems possess a variety of biological activities in mammalian cells, including the defense against oxidative stress, regulation of DNA synthesis, the cell cycle and the mediation of apoptosis. The thioredoxin system, comprised of NADPH, thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) and thioredoxin (Trx), exerts its activities via a disulfide-dithiol exchange reaction. Mammalian TrxRs are selenoproteins; the thiols and selenols in the active site of these enzymes confer the thioredoxin system to work as soft bases, which have a high affinity with soft acids, including numerous metal ions...
February 7, 2018: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402091/combining-cxcr4-targeted-and-nontargeted-nanoparticles-for-effective-unassisted-in-vitro-magnetic-hyperthermia
#10
Vânia Vilas-Boas, Begoña Espiña, Yury V Kolen'ko, Manuel Bañobre-Lopez, José A Duarte, Verónica C Martins, Dmitri Y Petrovykh, Paulo P Freitas, Felix D Carvalho
The use of targeted nanoparticles for magnetic hyperthermia (MHT) increases MHT selectivity, but often at the expense of its effectiveness. Consequently, targeted MHT is typically used in combination with other treatment modalities. This work describes an implementation of a highly effective monotherapeutic in vitro MHT treatment based on two populations of magnetic particles. Cells were sequentially incubated with two populations of magnetic particles: nonfunctionalized superparamagnetic nanoparticles and anti-CXCR4-functionalized particles...
February 5, 2018: Biointerphases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402074/multifunctional-porous-iron-oxide-nanoagents-for-mri-and-photothermal-chemo-synergistic-therapy
#11
Yayun Hu, Hai Hu, Jun Yan, Chao Zhang, Yonggang Li, Mengyun Wang, Weiyi Tan, Jian Liu, Yue Pan
Nanoagents of integrating multiple imaging and therapeutic modalities have attracted tremendous attention for biomedical applications. Herein, we synthesize porous hollow Fe3O4 as a theranostic agent for combined photothermal/chemo cancer therapy and MRI. The as-prepared porous iron oxide nanoagents allow for T2-weighted MR imaging. Interestingly, we demonstrate that the porous structure endows the nanoagents an outstanding photothermal property for cancer cell killing, in comparison with other types of iron oxide nanomaterials...
February 5, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394708/-strangulation-ileus-caused-by-incarcerated-esophageal-hiatal-hernia-after-laparoscopic-total-gastrectomy-a-case-report
#12
Hiroaki Nagata, Tokunari Okayama, Wataru Takaki, Yasunori Sawabe, Masahiro Nishikawa, Hiroshi Kounosu
Laparoscopic total gastrectomy(LTG)is one of the most increasing surgeries among gastric cancer surgery. Although LTG has many advantages on the patient, we should be more careful of its specific complications. Here we report a case of 72- year-old man with the complaint of severe acute upper abdominal pain due to strangulation ileus caused by incarcerated esophageal hiatal hernia(EHH)after LTG. Emergent operation has performed on the patient and total 180 cm length of necrotic small intestine was resected...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394034/iron-and-its-role-in-cancer-defense-a-double-edged-sword
#13
Frank Thévenod
Iron (Fe) is an essential metal, vital for biological functions, including electron transport, DNA synthesis, detoxification, and erythropoiesis that all contribute to metabolism, cell growth, and proliferation. Interactions between Fe and O2 can result in the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which is based on the ability of Fe to redox cycle. Excess Fe may cause oxidative damage with ensuing cell death, but DNA damage may also lead to permanent mutations. Hence Fe is carcinogenic and may initiate tumor formation and growth, and also nurture the tumor microenvironment and metastasis...
February 5, 2018: Metal Ions in Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394029/10-gallium-complexes-as-anticancer-drugs
#14
Christopher R Chitambar
Clinical trials have shown gallium nitrate, a group 13 (formerly IIIa) metal salt, to have antineoplastic activity against non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and urothelial cancers. Interest in gallium as a metal with anticancer properties emerged when it was discovered that 67Ga(III) citrate injected in tumor-bearing animals localized to sites of tumor. Animal studies showed non-radioactive gallium nitrate to inhibit the growth of implanted solid tumors. Following further evaluation of its efficacy and toxicity in animals, gallium nitrate, Ga(NO3)3, was designated an investigational drug by the National Cancer Institute (USA) and advanced to Phase 1 and 2 clinical trials...
February 5, 2018: Metal Ions in Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393902/improved-anticancer-effect-of-magnetite-nanocomposite-formulation-of-gallic-acid-fe%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-peg-ga-against-lung-breast-and-colon-cancer-cells
#15
Raihana Rosman, Bullo Saifullah, Sandra Maniam, Dena Dorniani, Mohd Zobir Hussein, Sharida Fakurazi
Lung cancer, breast cancer and colorectal cancer are the most prevalent fatal types of cancers globally. Gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid) is a bioactive compound found in plants and foods, such as white tea, witch hazel and it has been reported to possess anticancer, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study we have redesigned our previously reported anticancer nanocomposite formulation with improved drug loading based on iron oxide magnetite nanoparticles coated with polyethylene glycol and loaded with anticancer drug gallic acid (Fe₃O₄-PEG-GA)...
February 2, 2018: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393418/piperlongumine-rapidly-induces-the-death-of-human-pancreatic-cancer-cells-mainly-through-the-induction-of-ferroptosis
#16
Yuki Yamaguchi, Takashi Kasukabe, Shunichi Kumakura
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal types of cancer with a mortality rate of almost 95%. Treatment with current chemotherapeutic drugs has limited success due to poor responses. Therefore, the development of novel drugs or effective combination therapies is urgently required. Piperlongumine (PL) is a natural product with cytotoxic properties restricted to cancer cells by significantly increasing intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. In the present study, we demonstrated that PL induced cancer cell death through, at least in part, the induction of ferroptosis, as the cancer cell-killing activity was inhibited by the antioxidant, N‑acetylcysteine, ferroptosis inhibitors (ferrostatin‑1 and liproxstatin‑1) and the iron chelator, deferoxamine (DFO), but not by the apoptosis inhibitor, Z-VAD-FMK, or the necrosis inhibitor, necrostatin‑1...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391539/differential-regulation-of-hepcidin-in-cancer-and-non-cancer-tissues-and-its-clinical-implications
#17
REVIEW
Driton Vela, Zana Vela-Gaxha
Hepcidin is a crucial peptide for regulating cellular iron efflux. Because iron is essential for cell survival, especially for highly active cells, such as tumor cells, it is imperative to understand how tumor cells manipulate hepcidin expression for their own metabolic needs. Studies suggest that hepcidin expression and regulation in tumor cells show important differences in comparison with those in non-tumorous cells. These differences should be investigated to develop new strategies to fight cancer cells...
February 2, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391477/uptake-distribution-clearance-and-toxicity-of-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-with-different-sizes-and-coatings
#18
Qiyi Feng, Yanping Liu, Jian Huang, Ke Chen, Jinxing Huang, Kai Xiao
Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) have been increasingly used in biomedical applications, but the comprehensive understanding of their interactions with biological systems is relatively limited. In this study, we systematically investigated the in vitro cell uptake, cytotoxicity, in vivo distribution, clearance and toxicity of commercially available and well-characterized IONPs with different sizes and coatings. Polyethylenimine (PEI)-coated IONPs exhibited significantly higher uptake than PEGylated ones in both macrophages and cancer cells, and caused severe cytotoxicity through multiple mechanisms such as ROS production and apoptosis...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391212/assessing-the-selective-therapeutic-efficacy-of-superparamagnetic-erlotinib-nanoparticles-in-lung-cancer-by-using-quantitative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-a-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-reporter-gene-system
#19
Fei-Ting Hsu, Hua-Shan Liu, Ahmed Atef Ahmed Ali, Ping-Huei Tsai, Yu-Chieh Kao, Chia-Feng Lu, Hsu-Shan Huang, Cheng-Yu Chen
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors are commonly used as the first-line treatment for advanced NSCLC; however, the efficacy of drug delivery remains unknown. Hence, we successfully developed erlotinib-conjugated iron oxide nanoparticles (FeDC-E NPs) as theranostic probe that can potentially provide a new avenue for monitoring drug delivering through noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging. MRI ΔR2* relaxivity measurements offer an opportunity to quantitatively evaluate the uptake of FeDC-E NPs at cellular and tumoral levels...
January 29, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391061/the-role-of-hfe-genotype-in-macrophage-phenotype
#20
Anne M Nixon, Elizabeth Neely, Ian A Simpson, James R Connor
BACKGROUND: Iron regulation is essential for cellular energy production. Loss of cellular iron homeostasis has critical implications for both normal function and disease progression. The H63D variant of the HFE gene is the most common gene variant in Caucasians. The resulting mutant protein alters cellular iron homeostasis and is associated with a number of neurological diseases and cancer. In the brain, microglial and infiltrating macrophages are critical to maintaining iron homeostasis and modulating inflammation associated with the pathogenic process in multiple diseases...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
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