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acute rhinitis

Karin Lisspers, Christer Janson, Kjell Larsson, Gunnar Johansson, Gunilla Telg, Marcus Thuresson, Björn Ställberg
BACKGROUND: Asthma is often associated with other diseases. To identify and manage comorbidities is important, as these conditions may increase the disease burden. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities, disease burden and mortality across age groups in a large Swedish primary care real-life asthma population. METHODS: Observational cohort study of asthma patients, all ages, identified from electronic medical records by ICD-10-CM code, data from 36 primary care centers...
March 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Sang Mi Park, Tae Hoon Lee, Rongjie Zhao, Youn Sook Kim, Ji Yun Jung, Chung A Park, Kyung Hwan Jegal, Sae Kwang Ku, Jae Kwang Kim, Chul Won Lee, Young Woo Kim, Il Je Cho, Won G An, Sang Chan Kim
Socheongryong-Tang (SCRT) is a natural medicine prescription that has been mainly used in East Asia for the treatment of inflammatory disorders, including asthma and allergic rhinitis. The present study evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects of SCRT on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells and in a rat model of carrageenan (CA)-induced paw edema. Levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the culture supernatant were quantified and nitric oxide (NO) production was monitored...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Luca Pazzini, Linda Mugnaini, Francesca Mancianti, Lorenzo Ressel
A 5-year-old indoor male neutered Siamese cat was presented with clinical signs of sneezing and chronic bilateral purulent nasal discharge. Multiple nasal cavity swabs were submitted for bacterial cultures, Mycoplasma felis-DNA qPCR, and cytology. M felisqPCR was positive and cytomorphologic diagnosis was severe, acute, purulent, rhinitis with intralesional protozoal microorganisms consistent with a Trichomonas spp. Nested PCR (nPCR) confirmed the diagnosis of Tritrichomonas foetus. Systemic therapy with doxycycline for M felis and metronidazole for T foetus was started with remission of clinical signs within 2 weeks; however, symptoms relapsed shortly after therapy was discontinued...
February 6, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Ruth Hoffmans, Alex Wagemakers, Cornelis van Drunen, Peter Hellings, Wytske Fokkens
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to assess the effect of comorbidity, ethnicity, occupation, smoking and place of residence on allergic rhinitis (AR), acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). METHODS: A GA2LEN (The Global Allergy and Asthma European Network) screening questionnaire was sent to a random sample of the Dutch population (n = 16700) in three different areas of the Netherlands. RESULTS: Fifty percent (8347) of the questionnaires sent were returned...
2018: PloS One
R A Fernandes, F Regateiro, C Pereira, E Faria, J Pita, A Todo-Bom, I Carrapatoso
Background. Anaphylaxis is an acute, potentially fatal, multi-organ allergic reac-tion. Our aim was to characterize the population with food induced anaphylaxis followed over a one-year period. Methods. Retrospective analysis of clinical files of patients with food anaphylaxis observed in our food allergy consultation during 2016. Results. Sixty-two patients were included. In the pediatric group, the implicated allergens were cow's milk, egg and fish and in the adults' group, the commonest allergens were nuts and wheat...
March 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
G Leo, C Incorvaia, A Cazzavillan, D Consonni, G V Zuccotti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of acute rhinosinusitis in children with grass pollen induced rhinitis during the period of grass pollinosis. METHODS: Children with nasal symptoms from grass pollen induced rhinitis but without rhinosinusitis symptoms were selected. Their parents were asked to complete a diary during pollen exposure to report nasal symptoms and drugs used daily. When rhinosinusitis was suspected, the confirmatory diagnosis of acute rhinosinusitis was made by fibro-endoscopy...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Laure Castan, Marie-Aude Cheminant, Luc Colas, Sophie Brouard, Antoine Magnan, Grégory Bouchaud
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of the atopic march, characterized by a natural progression from food and cutaneous allergies to rhinitis and asthma, are still unknown. However, as several organs can be involved, chemokines and their receptors might be implicated in this process and may be instrumental factors. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that the T-cell gut-homing receptor CCR9 could be implicated in the evolution of allergic diseases. METHODS: We characterized the immune response and the role of CCR9 in a murine model combining food allergy to wheat gliadin and a model of acute airways inflammation in response to house dust mite...
January 9, 2018: Allergy
Subhashisa Swain, Sandipana Pati, Sanghamitra Pati
Introduction: Disease burden estimations based on sound epidemiological research provide the foundation for designing health services. Patients visiting a primary care often present with symptoms and signs. Understanding the burden is crucial for developing countries including India. The project aimed to record the reasons for encounter (RFE) at primary care settings for estimating the burden at the health-care facility. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was undertaken at four urban health dispensaries of Bhubaneswar, Odisha, with the aim to explore the prevailing patterns of diseases among patients attending these facilities...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
M Tokodi, E Csábi, Á Kiricsi, E Kollár, A H Molnár, L Rovó, Z Bella
Purpose This study aims to compare the impact of active allergic rhinitis on physical and cognitive abilities of trained allergic athletes to untrained allergic patients. Methods Cognitive, respiratory, and fitness functions were assessed before and after allergen exposure. Participants in both groups were provoked intranasally with ragweed allergen. Results The group of athletes revealed significantly higher average values in peak inspiratory flow and fitness index before and after provocation. In neuropsychological assessments, athletes performed significantly better after allergen provocation in complex working memory capacity...
December 1, 2017: Physiology International
X Q Chen, Q Ma, L Y Zhou, H A Ma, J Y Wu, J J Zhao, D N Yan
Objective: To observe the effect of Yiqi Wenyang Decoction on the infiltration and activation of NK cells in nasal mucosa of mouse model with allergic rhinitis (AR), and to explore the potential mechanism for effective intervention of AR with Yiqi Wenyang Decoction. Methods: Fourty-eight mice were randomly divided into blank group, model group, low, medium and high dose of Yiqi Wenyang Decoction group and Cetirizine group, with 8 rats in each group. After modeling of AR, the model group was filled with 0.9% sodium chloride solution...
December 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
N V Shakhova, E M Kamaltynova, Yu F Lobanov, T S Ardatova, K S Nikolaeva
The objective of the present work was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of the development of allergic rhinitis among the children at the age from 3 to 6 years. The cross-sectional study was carried out in five cities of the Altai region during the period from 2015 to 2016. The prevalence of allergic rhinitis was evaluated with the use of the Russian language version of the ISAAC questionnaire filled up by the parents of the children. A child whose parents answered in the affirmative to the question 'Did your child have the runny nose, nasal congestion, and/or sneezing in the absence of cold symptoms and acute viral infection during the last 12 months?' were considered to be suffering from active allergic rhinitis (AAR)...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Joy Lee, Caroline Kronborg, Robyn E O'Hehir, Mark Hew
The Melbourne thunderstorm asthma epidemic in November 2016 was unprecedented in scale and impact. We systematically reviewed our hospital's patients with thunderstorm asthma to identify key risk factors. Of 85 adult patients assessed, the majority (60%) had no prior diagnosis of asthma. However, allergic rhinitis during the grass pollen season was almost universal (99%), as were ryegrass pollen sensitization (100%) and exposure to the outdoor environment during the thunderstorm (94%). Airborne pollen levels on the thunderstorm day were extreme...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
Maria Luz Garcia-Garcia, Cristina Calvo, Sara Ruiz, Francisco Pozo, Victoria Del Pozo, Laura Remedios, Nadia Exposito, Ana Tellez, Inmaculada Casas
BACKGROUND: Viral respiratory infections, especially acute bronchiolitis, play a key role in the development of asthma in childhood. However, most studies have focused on respiratory syncytial virus or rhinovirus infections and none of them have compared the long-term evolution of single versus double or multiple viral infections. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare the frequency of asthma development at 6-8 years in children with previous admission for bronchiolitis associated with single versus double or multiple viral infection...
2017: PloS One
Kanishka B Rangamuwa, Alan C Young, Francis Thien
Background: On 21st November 2016, Melbourne experienced an epidemic of 'thunderstorm asthma.' Although previously described in the literature, risk factors and natural history remain incompletely understood. Objective: Our aim was to follow up those presenting to the 3 Emergency Departments (EDs) in our health service during the epidemic, and assess their history for previous asthma, rhinitis, and allergies. Methods: ED notes of all respiratory presentations within 48 hours of the thunderstorm event were reviewed and patients with acute asthma included...
October 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
Ralph Dollner, Petter Lorentz Larsen, Sinan Dheyauldeen, Sverre Steinsvåg
BACKGROUND: Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma guidelines recently recommended a treatment strategy for allergic rhinitis (AR) based on disease control rather than symptom severity by using a visual analog scale (VAS) to categorize control. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of MP-AzeFlu (Dymista®) by using this VAS in routine clinical practice in Norway. MP-AzeFlu comprises a novel formulation that contains azelastine hydrochloride, fluticasone propionate and excipients delivered in a single spray...
October 1, 2017: Allergy & Rhinology
K Schröder, D Finis, S Meller, M Wagenmann, G Geerling, U Pleyer
Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) is a frequent disease, which is often associated with allergic rhinitis and subsequently manifested as allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. In contrast to other types of chronic allergic conjunctivitis, the course of SAC is not sight-threatening. Pathogenetically, the underlying cause of SAC is an immunoglobulin E (IgE) mediated, Th2-driven type 1 hypersensitivity reaction. Clinically it presents with itching, light-red conjunctival injection as well as chemosis that exceeds the extent of conjunctival injection...
November 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
R Castano, B Yucesoy, V J Johnson, L Castellanos, A Cartier
BACKGROUND: Low-molecular-weight (LMW) and high-molecular-weight (HMW) agents have been recognized as causes of occupational rhinitis (OR). Immunological mechanisms underlying OR differ according to the type of exposure. While HMW agents act mainly through IgE-mediated mechanisms, LMW agents appear to act through both immunological and non-immunological mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify potential differences in the upper airways inflammatory response after exposure to LMW and HMW agents by specific inhalation challenge test (SIC)...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Daniela Posa, Antonio Pizzulli, Petra Wagner, Serena Perna, Stephanie Hofmaier, Paolo Maria Matricardi, Susanne Lau
BACKGROUND: Upper and lower airways diseases share in part their pathogenic mechanisms and frequently occur simultaneously as "United Airway Disease." Local treatment with nebulizers delivers anti-symptomatic drugs in either the upper or the lower airways, according to the particle size generated by the nebulizer. To our knowledge, no nebulizer combines both application ways. The aim of this study is to test the efficacy and usability of a new nebulizer (OMRON A3 complete), generating aerosols with particles diameters of 2-4...
September 29, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Arlene M Butz, Melissa Bellin, Mona Tsoukleris, Shawna S Mudd, Joan Kub, Jean Ogborn, Tricia Morphew, Cassia Lewis-Land, Mary Elizabeth Bollinger
BACKGROUND: Very poorly controlled (VPC) asthma in children is associated with ongoing acute exacerbations but factors associated with VPC are understudied. OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk factors associated with VPC asthma in urban minority children. METHODS: This descriptive study examined asthma control levels (well-controlled [WC], not well-controlled [NWC], and VPC) at baseline and 6 months in children participating in an ongoing randomized controlled trial of an emergency department/home environmental control intervention...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Emanuel Sarinho, Maria das Graças Moura Lins
OBJECTIVES: To guide the diagnostic and therapeutic management of severe forms of food allergy. DATA SOURCES: Search in the Medline database using the terms "severe food allergy," "anaphylaxis and food allergy," "generalized urticaria and food allergy," and "food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome" in the last ten years, searching in the title, abstract, or keyword fields. SUMMARY OF DATA: Food allergy can be serious and life-threatening...
November 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
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