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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694034/site-specific-antibody-functionalization-using-tetrazine-styrene-cycloaddition
#1
Benjamin Umlauf, Kalie Ann Mix, Vanessa A Grosskopf, Ronald T Raines, Eric V Shusta
Biologics, such as antibody-drug conjugates, are becoming mainstream therapeutics. Consequently, methods to functionalize biologics without disrupting their native properties are essential for identifying, characterizing, and translating candidate biologics from the bench to clinical practice. Here, we present a method for site-specific, carboxy-terminal modification of single-chain antibody fragments (scFvs). ScFvs displayed on the surface of yeast were isolated and functionalized by combining intein-mediated expressed protein ligation (EPL) with inverse electron-demand Diels-Alder (IEDDA) cycloaddition using a styrene-tetrazine pair...
April 25, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692474/molecular-detection-of-bla-ndm-1-new-delhi-metallobetalactamase-1-in-nosocomial-enterobacteriaceae-isolates-by-nested-multiplex-polymerase-chain-reaction
#2
Parnika Chandola, R M Gupta, Mahima Lall, Sourav Sen, S P S Shergill, Vibha Dutta
Background: Carbapenems are considered "drugs of last resort" in many life-threatening infections. Advent of carbapenemases like KPC, OXA-48, VIM, IMP, and NDM have greatly affected the efficacy of these drugs, posing serious threat to global health and infection control. NDM bears special significance to the India subcontinent, labeled as place of origin and reservoir. NDM tends to escape detection by routine phenotypic methods, requiring molecular confirmation. This study utilizes nested, multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for reliable detection of bla NDM-1 in nosocomial Enterobacteriaceae isolates...
April 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692350/the-evolution-of-polymorphic-hybrid-incompatibilities-in-house-mice
#3
Erica L Larson, Dan Vanderpool, Brice A J Sarver, Colin Callahan, Sara Keeble, Lorraine P Provencio, Michael D Kessler, Vanessa Stewart, Erin Nordquist, Matthew D Dean, Jeffrey M Good
Resolving the mechanistic and genetic bases of reproductive barriers between species is essential to understanding the evolutionary forces that shape speciation. Intrinsic hybrid incompatibilities are often treated as fixed between species, yet there can be considerable variation in the strength of reproductive isolation between populations. The extent and causes of this variation remain poorly understood in most systems. We investigated the genetic basis of variable hybrid male sterility (HMS) between two recently diverged subspecies of house mice, Mus musculus domesticus and M...
April 24, 2018: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691928/circadian-rhythms-refractive-development-and-myopia
#4
Ranjay Chakraborty, Lisa A Ostrin, Debora L Nickla, P Michael Iuvone, Machelle T Pardue, Richard A Stone
PURPOSE: Despite extensive research, mechanisms regulating postnatal eye growth and those responsible for ametropias are poorly understood. With the marked recent increases in myopia prevalence, robust and biologically-based clinical therapies to normalize refractive development in childhood are needed. Here, we review classic and contemporary literature about how circadian biology might provide clues to develop a framework to improve the understanding of myopia etiology, and possibly lead to rational approaches to ameliorate refractive errors developing in children...
May 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689184/development-and-pilot-testing-of-the-dual-task-screen-in-healthy-adolescents
#5
Jaclyn Stephens, Rachel Nicholson, Beth Slomine, Stacy Suskauer
Athletes with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) should refrain from high-risk activities until recovered (symptom free and cognitive and physical exam findings normalize). Studies have suggested that this examination may not be sufficiently sensitive because dual-task paradigms, which typically assess motor performance while a person simultaneously completes a distractor task, can detect residual deficits in athletes who otherwise appear recovered from mTBI. Paradigms used to date are time-intensive procedures conducted in laboratory settings...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688751/analysis-of-immediate-student-outcomes-following-a-change-in-gross-anatomy-laboratory-teaching-methodology
#6
Salman Afsharpour, Abigail Gonsalves, Ronald Hosek, Eric Partin
OBJECTIVE: To compare student performance following a change in laboratory teaching methodology from cadavers to models to virtual dissection table in a musculoskeletal gross anatomy course in a doctor of chiropractic program. METHODS: Three marking periods of laboratory and lecture examination scores from 3 consecutive academic calendar years were evaluated and compared using simple analysis as well as analysis of variance and post hoc t tests. The 1st cohort of students ( n = 352) utilized cadavers...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688750/an-online-catalog-of-muscle-variants-student-perceptions-of-a-new-opportunity-for-self-directed-learning
#7
Logan S Bale, Sean O Herrin, Natasha M Brandt, Naomi M Enos
OBJECTIVE: Muscle variants are common findings in dissection laboratories. These anomalous structures can be relevant in the diagnosis and management of certain conditions and therefore could be incorporated into anatomy curricula at chiropractic colleges. We aimed to create an online resource of muscle variants to facilitate student self-directed learning within this area of study. METHODS: At the time of their discovery during routine educational dissection, muscle variants included in the catalog were documented and subsequent case reports written...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687394/cryopreservation-protocols-for-human-adipose-tissue-derived-adult-stem-cells
#8
Shahensha Shaik, Ram Devireddy
The development of simple but effective storage protocols for adult stem cells will greatly enhance their use and utility in tissue-engineering applications. Cryopreservation has shown to be most promising but is a fairly complex process, necessitating the use of chemicals called cryoprotective agents (CPAs), freezing equipment, and obviously, storage in liquid nitrogen. The purpose of this chapter is to present a general overview of cryopreservation storage techniques and the optimal protocols/results obtained in our laboratory for long-term storage of adult stem cells using freezing storage...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687012/sex-based-differences-of-medial-collateral-ligament-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-strains-with-cadaveric-impact-simulations
#9
Nathan D Schilaty, Nathaniel A Bates, Christopher V Nagelli, Aaron J Krych, Timothy E Hewett
Background: Female patients sustain noncontact knee ligament injuries at a greater rate compared with their male counterparts. The cause of these differences in the injury rate and the movements that load the ligaments until failure are still under dispute in the literature. Purpose/Hypotheses: This study was designed to determine differences in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL) strains between male and female cadaveric specimens during a simulated athletic task...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686855/a-death-in-the-family-sea-lamprey-petromyzon-marinus-avoidance-of-confamilial-alarm-cues-diminishes-with-phylogenetic-distance
#10
John B Hume, Michael Wagner
Alarm signals released after predator attack function as reliable public information revealing areas of high risk. The utility of this information can extend beyond species boundaries, benefiting heterospecifics capable of recognizing and responding appropriately to the signal. Nonmutually exclusive hypotheses explaining the acquisition of heterospecific reactivity to cues suggest it could be conserved phylogenetically following its evolution in a common ancestor (a species-level effect) and/or learned during periods of shared risk (a population-level effect; e...
April 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686731/a-review-of-magnetic-resonance-enterography-based-indices-for-quantification-of-crohn-s-disease-inflammation
#11
REVIEW
Noa Rozendorn, Marianne Michal Amitai, Rami Abraham Eliakim, Uri Kopylov, Eyal Klang
Magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) is a leading radiological modality in Crohn's disease (CD) and is used together with laboratory findings and endoscopic examinations for the evaluation of patients during initial diagnosis and follow up. Over the years, there has been great progress in the understanding of CD and there is a continuous strive to achieve better monitoring of patients and to develop new modalities which will predict disease course and thus help in clinical decisions making. An objective evaluation of CD using a quantification score is not a new concept and there are different clinical, endoscopies, radiological and combined indices which are used in clinical practice...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686730/disruption-of-the-transcription-factors-thi2p-and-nrm1p-alleviates-the-post-glucose-effect-on-xylose-utilization-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#12
Shan Wei, Yanan Liu, Meiling Wu, Tiantai Ma, Xiangzheng Bai, Jin Hou, Yu Shen, Xiaoming Bao
Background: The recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains that acquired the ability to utilize xylose through metabolic and evolutionary engineering exhibit good performance when xylose is the sole carbon source in the medium (designated the X stage in the present work). However, the xylose consumption rate of strains is generally low after glucose depletion during glucose-xylose co-fermentation, despite the presence of xylose in the medium (designated the GX stage in the present work)...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685372/emergency-physician-risk-estimates-and-admission-decisions-for-chest-pain-a-web-based-scenario-study
#13
David L Schriger, Michael Menchine, Warren Wiechmann, Guy Carmelli
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We conducted this study to better understand how emergency physicians estimate risk and make admission decisions for patients with low-risk chest pain. METHODS: We created a Web-based survey consisting of 5 chest pain scenarios that included history, physical examination, ECG findings, and basic laboratory studies, including a negative initial troponin-level result. We administered the scenarios in random order to emergency medicine residents and faculty at 11 US emergency medicine residency programs...
April 20, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683919/hiit-in-the-real-world-outcomes-from-a-12-month-intervention-in-overweight-adults
#14
Melyssa Roy, Sheila M Williams, Rachel C Brown, Kim A Meredith-Jones, Hamish Osborne, Michelle Jospe, Rachael W Taylor
PURPOSE: Although high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous exercise have comparable health outcomes in the laboratory setting, effectiveness studies in real-world environments are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an unsupervised HIIT programme in overweight/obese adults over 12 months. METHODS: 250 overweight/obese adults could choose HIIT or current exercise guidelines of 30 minutes/day moderate-intensity exercise...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683194/clinical-experience-with-multigene-carrier-panels-in-the-reproductive-setting
#15
Catherine Terhaar, Nicole Teed, Rachel Allen, Lindsay Dohany, Christina Settler, Carol Holland, Ryan E Longman
OBJECTIVES: Expanded carrier testing is acknowledged as an acceptable strategy for carrier testing by the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Limited studies have investigated positivity rates of expanded carrier panels. We describe our experience with three commercial laboratory panels varying in size from 3 to 218 disorders. METHODS: We reviewed outcomes for three multigene carrier screening panels: Trio (3 diseases), Standard (23 diseases), and Global (218 diseases)...
April 23, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682451/cerebro-facio-thoracic-dysplasia-pascual-castroviejo-syndrome-identification-of-a-novel-mutation-use-of-facial-recognition-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Jennifer A F Tender, Carlos R Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Cerebro-facio-thoracic dysplasia (CFTD) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by facial dysmorphism, cognitive impairment and distinct skeletal anomalies and has been linked to the TMCO1 defect syndrome. OBJECTIVE: To describe two siblings with features consistent with CFTD with a novel homozygous p.Arg114* pathogenic variant in the TMCO1 gene. METHODS: We conducted a literature review and summarized the clinical features and laboratory results of two siblings with a novel pathogenic variant in the TMCO1 gene...
April 13, 2018: Translational Science of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680761/vitrified-medical-wastes-bottom-ash-in-cement-clinkerization-microstructural-hydration-and-leaching-characteristics
#17
S Papamarkou, D Christopoulos, P E Tsakiridis, G Bartzas, K Tsakalakis
The present investigation focuses on the utilization of medical wastes incineration bottom ash (MBA), vitrified with soda lime recycled glass (SLRG), as an alternative raw material in cement clinkerization. Bottom ash is recovered from the bottom of the medical wastes incineration chamber, after being cooled down through quenching. It corresponds to 10-15 wt% of the initial medical wastes weight and since it has been classified in the category of hazardous wastes, its safe management has become a major environmental concern worldwide...
April 19, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680743/packing-characteristics-of-winged-shaped-polymer-fiber-supports-for-preparative-chromatography
#18
Johannes Winderl, Tamara Spies, Jürgen Hubbuch
Polymer fibers have been identified as a promising alternative support material for liquid chromatography. Area enhanced fibers may overcome the shortcomings of conventional fiber supports with respect to binding capacity and packing efficiency. One type of area enhanced fiber supports are winged shaped microfibers, which have a more than tenfold higher surface area than round fibers, and can be manufactured via inexpensive, conventional extrusion techniques. In the present study, the packing characteristics of native and grafted winged shaped fiber supports have been investigated...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680532/beneficial-effects-of-aluminum-enrichment-on-nitrogen-fixing-cyanobacteria-in-the-south-china-sea
#19
Jiaxing Liu, Linbin Zhou, Zhixin Ke, Gang Li, Rongjun Shi, Yehui Tan
Few studies focus on the effects of aluminum (Al) on marine nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria, which play important roles in the ocean nitrogen cycling. To examine the effects of Al on the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria, bioassay experiments in the oligotrophic South China Sea (SCS) and culture of Crocosphaera watsonii in the laboratory were conducted. Field data showed that 200 nM Al stimulated the growth and the nitrogenase gene expression of Trichodesmium and unicellular diazotrophic cyanobacterium group A, and the nitrogen fixation rates of the whole community...
April 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680495/novel-absorptivity-centering-method-utilizing-normalized-and-factorized-spectra-for-analysis-of-mixtures-with-overlapping-spectra-in-different-matrices-using-built-in-spectrophotometer-software
#20
Hayam Mahmoud Lotfy, Yasmin Rostom Omran
A novel, simple, rapid, accurate, and economical spectrophotometric method, namely absorptivity centering (a-Centering) has been developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of mixtures with partially and completely overlapping spectra in different matrices using either normalized or factorized spectrum using built-in spectrophotometer software without a need of special purchased program. Mixture I (Mix I) composed of Simvastatin (SM) and Ezetimibe (EZ) is the one with partial overlapping spectra formulated as tablets, while mixture II (Mix II) formed by Chloramphenicol (CPL) and Prednisolone acetate (PA) is that with complete overlapping spectra formulated as eye drops...
April 7, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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