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Rotational femoral osteotomy

Megan K Mills, Colin D Strickland, Mary K Jesse, Peter A Lowry, Omer Mei-Dan, Jonathan A Flug
Osteoarthritis of the hip remains a prevalent disease condition that influences ever-changing treatment options. Procedures performed to correct anatomic variations, and, in turn, prevent or slow the progression of osteoarthritis, are aptly referred to as types of hip preservation surgery (HPS). Conditions that predispose individuals to femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), including pincer- and cam-type morphology, and hip dysplasia are specifically targeted in HPS. Common surgical interventions include acetabuloplasty, osteochondroplasty, periacetabular osteotomy (PAO), and derotational femoral osteotomy (DFO)...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Bruno Dohin, Elie Haddad, Hassan Al Khoury Salem, Mohamed Merhez Kilani
OBJECTIVE: Hip internal rotation (HIR) during gait is one of the main functional disorders related to cerebral palsy (CP) in children. Most of the procedures proposed rotational osteotomy of the femur (FRO), (and/or tibia). However, multilevel surgery (SEMLS) including bone procedure, implicates more difficult and longer rehabilitation. When bone deformity is moderate, the authors hypothesized that FRO could be avoided. They developed a soft tissues procedure to improve HIR. The aim of the study was assessment of the procedure...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Jeffrey B Stambough, Lauren Davis, Deborah A Szymanski, June C Smith, Perry L Schoenecker, J Eric Gordon
BACKGROUND: Excessive femoral anteversion is a developmental condition that can become symptomatic into adolescence and manifest as anterior knee pain, tripping, and or problems with sports. Femoral derotational osteotomy about an antegrade intramedullary nail (IMN) is an accepted option to treat this condition. This is the first report of the clinical and functional outcomes of treatment of excessive anteversion with femoral derotational osteotomy stabilized with an IMN. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 28 consecutive patients between 2013 and 2014 who underwent derotational osteotomy...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
C Druschel, K Heck, C Kraft, R Placzek
OBJECTIVE: PemberSal osteotomy to improve femoral head coverage by rotating the acetabular roof ventrally and laterally. INDICATIONS: Insufficient coverage of the femoral head, and can be combined with other surgical procedures such as femoral intertrochanteric varus-derotation osteotomy and open reduction for developmental dysplasia and dislocation of the hip or to improve sphericity and containment in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. This specific acetabuloplasty can only be performed in patients with an open epiphyseal growth-plate...
September 14, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
C Putz, S I Wolf, A Geisbüsch, M Niklasch, L Döderlein, T Dreher
BACKGROUND: Internal rotation gait constitutes a complex gait disorder in bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (BSCP) including static torsional and dynamic components resulting in lever arm dysfunction. Although femoral derotation osteotomy (FDO) is a standard procedure to correct increased femoral anteversion in children, unpredictable outcome has been reported. The effect of FDO when it is done as part of single-event multilevel surgery (SEMLS) in adulthood has not been investigated. METHODS: In this study mid-term data of 63 adults with BSCP and internal rotation gait, undergoing SEMLS including FDO were analyzed pre- and 1...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
Takeshi Utsunomiya, Takuaki Yamamoto, Goro Motomura, Kazuyuki Karasuyama, Kazuhiko Sonoda, Yusuke Kubo, Hiroyuki Hatanaka, Yukihide Iwamoto
INTRODUCTION: Transtrochanteric anterior rotational osteotomy of the femoral head (TRO) was developed as a joint preserving surgery for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. To the best of our knowledge, peri-implant fractures after femoral osteotomy have rarely been reported. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a 58-year-old female who suffered a peri-implant femoral shaft fracture following a fall from a stepladder eight years after TRO. Fracture union was achieved six months after a preferred proximal femoral locking plate...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Yasuharu Nakashima, Takuaki Yamamoto, Jun-Ichi Fukushi, Goro Motomura, Satoshi Hamai, Yusuke Kohno, Yukihide Iwamoto
BACKGROUND: Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVN) is the most serious complication after unstable slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), and is often unsalvageable. We report a minimum 10 years of clinical results for transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy of the femoral head (TRO) for AVN. METHODS: This study included 7 patients (7 hips) with a mean age at surgery of 13.3 years, and the follow-up period was 15.8 years. All patients had prior treatment via closed reduction and pinning of the unstable SCFE, and showed severely collapsed femoral heads...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Bruce A MacWilliams, Mark L McMulkin, Roy B Davis, David E Westberry, Glen O Baird, Peter M Stevens
Torsional deformities of the femur in children may occur as a result of either idiopathic or neuromuscular disorders and may be corrected with derotational osteotomies. Regardless of the underlying etiology, neither the effects of the torsional pathologies nor the alterations resulting from corrective osteotomies are well understood. A study of children with isolated femoral anteversion undergoing a single corrective procedure may assist in understanding the biomechanics of the pathology and the efficacy of surgical correction...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
Lior Koren, Yaniv Keren, Mark Eidelman
BACKGROUND: Taylor Spatial Frame (TSF) is a modern circular external fixator that, using a virtual hinge, is able to correct six axis deformities simultaneously. Despite the growing popularity of this method, few reports exist about its use in children and adolescents. To evaluate the effectiveness of TSF in correcting multiplanar deformities in patients with open physis, we reviewed the results of treatment in children who had at least two planes deformities of lower limbs. METHODS: Over a period of 8 years, we treated 51 patients, 40 boys, 11 girls, with a mean age of 12...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Andreas Geisbüsch, Christoph Auer, Hartmut Dickhaus, Mirjam Niklasch, Thomas Dreher
Correction of rotational gait abnormalities is common practice in pediatric orthopaedics such as in children with cerebral palsy. Femoral derotation osteotomy is established as a standard treatment, however different authors reported substantial variability in outcomes following surgery with patients showing over- or under-correction. Only 60% of the applied correction is observed postoperatively, which strongly suggests intraoperative measurement error or loss of correction during surgery. This study was conducted to verify the impact of error sources in the derotation procedure and assess the utility of a newly developed, instrumented measurement system based on electromagnetic tracking aiming to improve the accuracy of rotational correction...
June 21, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Peter M Stevens, Christian J Gaffney, Heather Fillerup
The purpose is to describe the technique and report the results and complications of percutaneous femoral rotational osteotomy, secured with a trochanteric-entry, locked intramedullary rod, in adolescents with femoral anteversion. Our series comprised an IRB approved, retrospective, consecutive series of 85 osteotomies (57 patients), followed to implant removal. The average age at surgery was 13.3 years (range 8.8-18.3) with a female-to-male ratio of 2.8:1. The minimum follow-up was 2 years. Eighty-three osteotomies healed primarily...
August 2016: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Peter D Fabricant, Wudbhav N Sankar, Mark A Seeley, Paul E Beaulé, John C Clohisy, Young-Jo Kim, Michael B Millis, Christopher L Peters, David A Podeszwa, Perry L Schoenecker, Rafael J Sierra, Ernest L Sink, Daniel J Sucato, Ira Zaltz
BACKGROUND: It is generally believed that acetabular dysplasia (AD) is associated with increased hip range of motion (ROM). The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between dysplasia severity and hip ROM in a large multicenter cohort. METHODS: A prospective registry of patients undergoing periacetabular osteotomy for symptomatic AD by 1 of 13 surgeons was used to analyze 1,051 patients (mean age, 26 ± 10 years). Multivariable linear regression modeling was used to investigate for associations between dysplasia severity (severe, <5°; moderate, 5° to 15°; mild, >15°), α angle, and hip ROM...
July 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Sanjeev Patnaik, Biswaranjan Nayak, Laxmikanta Mishra, Akshaya Kumar Sahoo
INTRODUCTION: Prophylactic gastrocnemius flap with primary rotating hinge knee is technically demanding in a case of neglected post-traumatic, infective arthritis of the knee, with challenges of compromised skin and soft tissues, articular bone defect, limb mal-alignment, gross instability, retained hardware and a contracted extensor mechanism with the patella fixed in the lateral gutter all in combination, is rarely reported. We report such a complex case in this study. CASE REPORT: We report a 48 year male patient with a history of fracture lateral femoral condyle of right knee due to road traffic accident 10 years back, for which he got operated with open reduction and internal fixation with cancellous screws, which subsequently got infected...
October 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Fatih Yıldız, Önder I Kılıçoğlu, Göksel Dikmen, Ergun Bozdağ, Emin Sünbüloğlu, Meral Tuna
BACKGROUND: Various types of shortening osteotomies and prosthesis are used for femoral reconstruction in total hip arthroplasty of the high hip dislocation. This biomechanical study investigates whether step-cut osteotomies result in better stability than oblique osteotomies and cylindrical femoral stems enhance stability of the osteotomy more than conical stems, and which osteotomy and prosthesis type maintain the stability better after cyclical loading. METHODS: Oblique and step-cut shortening osteotomies were compared under axial and rotational forces, using synthetic femur models and conical or cylindrical femoral prostheses...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Atul F Kamath
For young, active patients with healthy hip cartilage, pelvic osteotomy is a surgical option in to address hip pain and to improve mechanical loading conditions related to dysplasia. Hip dysplasia may lead to arthrosis at an early age due to poor coverage of the femoral head and abnormal loading of the joint articulation. In patients with symptomatic dysplasia and closed triradiate cartilage (generally over age 10), including adolescents and young adults (generally up to around age 40), the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is a durable technique for addressing underlying structural deformity...
May 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Yuji Yasunaga, Mitsuo Ochi, Takuma Yamasaki, Takeshi Shoji, Sotaro Izumi
BACKGROUND: Hip dysplasia is a common cause of secondary osteoarthritis (OA). Periacetabular osteotomy or rotational acetabular osteotomy has been used as joint-preserving procedures. However, only a few reports of long-term results with these operations have been reported. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Would satisfactory clinical and radiographic outcomes be maintained at a mean duration of 20 years after rotational acetabular osteotomy for pre- and early-stage OA; and (2) could we identify risk factors for radiographic progression of OA? METHODS: Between 1987 and 2001, we treated 159 patients (173 hips) with rotational acetabular osteotomies for the diagnosis of pre-OA or early-stage OA according to the technique of Ninomiya and Tagawa...
October 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Elisabeth Jensen, Vipul Lugade, Jeremy Crenshaw, Emily Miller, Kenton Kaufman
Accurate and precise knee flexion axis identification is critical for prescribing and assessing tibial and femoral derotation osteotomies, but is highly prone to marker misplacement-induced error. The purpose of this study was to develop an efficient algorithm for post-hoc correction of the knee flexion axis and test its efficacy relative to other established algorithms. Gait data were collected on twelve healthy subjects using standard marker placement as well as intentionally misplaced lateral knee markers...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
Toshikazu Kubo, Keiichiro Ueshima, Masazumi Saito, Masashi Ishida, Yuji Arai, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: Steroid (glucocorticoid)-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in young adults has been a challenging disorder due to frequent incidence of collapse of the femoral head and resulting dysfunction of the hip joint and impairing quality of life. In Japan, the working group on ONFH in the Specific Disease Investigation Committee under auspices of the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare was founded in 1975, clinical and related basic research on ONFH have been continued for more than 40 years...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Tsubasa Ishikwa, Takashi Atsumi, Satoshi Tamaoki, Ryosuke Nakanishi, Minoru Watanabe, Yasuoki Kobayashi, Satoe Tanabe, Toshihisa Kajiwara
We investigated the repair of femoral head necrosis with extensive necrotic lesions treated by high-degree posterior rotational osteotomy (HDPRO) in young adults and adolescents (mean age; 30.8 years) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). HDPRO was performed on 72 hips from 66 cases, and of those, 60 hips from 60 cases were included in this study for data analysis. All cases had extensive collapsed lesion preoperative anteroposterior radiographs. In total, 34 hips were male and 26 were females. In total, 19 had a history of steroid administration, 11 had a previous femoral neck fracture, 7 had no particular etiologic factor, and 4 had a followed slipped capital femoral epiphysis...
July 2015: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Peter K Sculco, Lionel E Lazaro, Edwin P Su, Craig E Klinger, Jonathan P Dyke, David L Helfet, Dean G Lorich
BACKGROUND: Surgical hip dislocation allows circumferential access to the femoral head and acetabulum and is utilized in the treatment of intra-articular hip disorders. Surgical hip dislocation is currently performed with a trochanteric osteotomy that reliably preserves the femoral head arterial supply; however, trochanteric nonunion or painful hardware requiring removal may occur. In a cadaveric model, using gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and gross dissection, we evaluated whether modifications to the posterior approach preserve the femoral head arterial supply after a posterior surgical hip dislocation...
March 16, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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