keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Genu valgum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779902/molecular-genetics-and-metabolism-special-edition-diagnosis-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-mucopolysaccharidosis-iva
#1
REVIEW
Hira Peracha, Kazuki Sawamoto, Lauren Averill, Heidi Kecskemethy, Mary Theroux, Mihir Thacker, Kyoko Nagao, Christian Pizarro, William Mackenzie, Hironori Kobayashi, Seiji Yamaguchi, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Kenji Orii, Tadao Orii, Toshiyuki Fukao, Shunji Tomatsu
Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA, Morquio A syndrome) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by the deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to the accumulation of specific glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), chondroitin-6-sulfate (C6S) and keratan sulfate (KS), which are mainly synthesized in the cartilage. Therefore, the substrates are stored primarily in the cartilage and its extracellular matrix (ECM), leading to a direct impact on bone development and successive systemic skeletal spondylepiphyseal dysplasia...
May 15, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770844/effect-of-arthroscopic-resection-for-discoid-lateral-meniscus-on-the-axial-alignment-of-the-lower-limb
#2
Puyan Zhang, Qichun Zhao, Xifu Shang, Yingming Wang
PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the changes in the lower limb axial alignment and knee joint function after arthroscopic resection of discoid lateral menisci. METHODS: Pre-operative and post-operative full-length weight-bearing radiographs of the lower limb were obtained from 60 patients with discoid lateral menisci from August 2015 to August 2016. Twenty-four patients were treated with meniscectomy and 36 cases were treated with meniscoplasty. The axial alignment of the lower limb was measured, and changes in the lower limb axial alignment before and after surgery were analyzed...
May 16, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726316/correlation-of-radiological-and-clinical-measurement-of-genu-valgum-in-children
#3
Nina Hardgrib, Martin Gottliebsen, Ole Rahbek, Michel Bach Hellfritzsch, Bjarne Møller-Madsen
INTRODUCTION: Genu valgus is a condition characterised by a lateral shift of the knee's mechanical axis. The deformity can be characterised using clinical examinations and long hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angles, but it is unclear how these investigations correlate with each other. Our aim was to examine the correlation between clinical and radiographic measurements of the lower extremities in children. METHODS: A total of 49 children between 5.9 and 16.7 years of age who had been referred with genu valgum deformity were included...
May 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688749/surgical-treatment-with-closing-wedge-distal-femoral-osteotomy-for-recurrent-patellar-dislocation-with-genu-valgum
#4
Kyung Wook Nha, Yoonwon Ha, Seungmin Oh, Vivek P Nikumbha, Sae Kwang Kwon, Woo-Jin Shin, Byung Hoon Lee, Keun Bae Hong
BACKGROUND: Closing-wedge distal femoral osteotomy (CWDFO)-combined with medial reefing and lateral release, if necessary- has been used to treat recurrent patellar dislocation (RPD) with genu valgum. PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcomes of surgical treatment with CWDFO for treatment of RPD with genu valgum. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Fourteen consecutive patients (23 knees) with RPD and genu valgum were treated with CWDFO...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627275/growth-impairment-in-mucopolysaccharidoses
#5
REVIEW
Melodie Melbouci, Robert W Mason, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Toshiyuki Fukao, Tadao Orii, Shunji Tomatsu
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of lysosomal storage disorders that affect regulation of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) processing. In MPS, the lysosomes cannot efficiently break down GAGs, and the specific GAGs accumulated depend on the type of MPS. The level of impairment of breakdown varies between patients, making this one of the many factors that lead to a range of clinical presentations even in the same type of MPS. These clinical presentations usually involve skeletal dysplasia, in which the most common feature is bone growth impairment and successive short stature...
March 16, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620655/clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes-in-camurati-engelmann-disease-a-case-series
#6
Yoon-Myung Kim, Eungu Kang, Jin-Ho Choi, Gu-Hwan Kim, Han-Wook Yoo, Beom Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Camurati-Engelmann disease is an extremely rare disease characterized by hyperostosis of multiple long bones. This condition is caused by heterozygous mutations in the TGFB1 gene. METHODS: We describe the clinical and genetic characteristics of 4 Korean patients with this rare disease diagnosed at Asan Medical Center in Korea between June 2012 and May 2016, to increase awareness about this condition among general physicians and orthopedists. The presenting features, biochemical findings, radiographic and nuclear imaging findings, molecular analysis, and treatment outcomes of 4 patients were reviewed retrospectively...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431299/clinical-knee-alignment-among-adolescents-and-association-with-body-mass-index-a-large-prevalence-study
#7
Noam Shohat, Yossy Machluf, Rivka Farkash, Aharon S Finestone, Yoram Chaiter
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents are commonly referred to an orthopedic surgeon to assess knee malalignment. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of genu varum and valgum among adolescents, and to identify correlates of these conditions. METHODS: A medical database of 47,588 candidates for military service presenting to the northern recruitment center during an 11 year period was analyzed to identify clinical knee alignment. Based on the standing skin surface intercondylar distance (ICD) or intermalleolar distance (IMD), the prevalence rates of genu varum (ICD ≥ 3 cm) and genu valgum (IMD ≥ 4 cm) were calculated...
February 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417303/pseudohypoparathyroidism-type-1b-in-a-patient-conceived-by-in-vitro-fertilization-another-imprinting-disorder-reported-with-assisted-reproductive-technology
#8
REVIEW
Nicholas J Goel, Laura L Meyers, Myrto Frangos
Pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1B (PHP1B) is characterized by renal tubular resistance to parathyroid hormone (PTH) leading to hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, elevated PTH, and hyperparathyroid bone changes. PHP1B is an imprinting disorder that results from loss of methylation at the maternal GNAS gene, which suppresses transcription of the alpha subunit of the stimulatory G protein of the PTH receptor. Emerging evidence supports an association between assisted reproductive technologies (ART) and imprinting disorders; however, there is currently little evidence linking PHP1B and ART...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381920/corrective-osteotomy-with-retrograde-fassier-duval-nail-in-an-osteogenesis-imperfecta-patient-with-bilateral-genu-valgum-a-case-report
#9
Tsung-Yu Lin, Chen-Yu Yang, Shih-Chia Liu
RATIONALE: The treatment of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) requires a multidisciplinary approach to maximize function and reduce fracture incidence. The aim of this case report was to discuss an alternative surgical approach to stabilize a corrective osteotomy using the Fassier Duval (FD) system in an OI patient. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 20-year-old OI woman presented with left thigh pain, gait disturbance, and bilateral genu valgus deformities. DIAGNOSES: Physical examination and standing radiographs revealed bilateral genu valgum with previous fixation implants in the femoral and the left tibia...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349001/medial-closing-wedge-distal-femoral-osteotomy-with-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-imbrication-for-genu-valgum-with-lateral-patellar-instability
#10
Orlando D Sabbag, Jarret M Woodmass, Isabella T Wu, Aaron J Krych, Michael J Stuart
A varus-producing distal femoral osteotomy (DFO) is an effective technique for the treatment of lateral patellar instability (LPI) in patients with concomitant moderate to severe valgus malalignment. Patellar maltracking and subluxation are corrected via neutralization of some of the laterally directed forces on the patella due to the valgus deformity. This can be accomplished with a distal femoral lateral opening-wedge or medial closing-wedge osteotomy and medial soft tissue stabilization. A medial closing-wedge osteotomy offers the advantages of immediate weight bearing and a single incision in cases requiring patellofemoral soft tissue stabilization...
December 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326877/natural-history-of-morquio-a-patient-with-tracheal-obstruction-from-birth-to-death
#11
Caitlin Doherty, Lauren W Averill, Mary Theroux, William G Mackenzie, Christian Pizarro, Robert W Mason, Shunji Tomatsu
Morquio A syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis IVA, MPS IVA) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of N -acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase, resulting in systemic accumulation of the partially degraded glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), keratan sulfate and chondroitin-6-sulfate. The accumulation of these GAGs leads to distinguishing features as skeletal dysplasia with disproportionate dwarfism, short neck, kyphoscoliosis, pectus carinatum, tracheal obstruction, coxa valga, genu valgum, and joint laxity...
March 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324527/distal-femoral-valgus-and-recurrent-traumatic-patellar-instability-is-an-isolated-varus-producing-distal-femoral-osteotomy-a-treatment-option
#12
Philip L Wilson, Sheena R Black, Henry B Ellis, David A Podeszwa
BACKGROUND: Genu valgum, a risk factor for recurrent patellofemoral instability, can be addressed with a varus producing distal femoral osteotomy (DFO). The purpose of this study is to report 3-year clinical and radiographic outcomes on a series of skeletally mature adolescents with traumatic patellofemoral instability and genu valgum who underwent a varus producing DFO. METHODS: Consecutive patients (n=11) who underwent an isolated DFO for recurrent traumatic patellar instability over a 4-year study period (2009 to 2012) were reviewed...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249013/results-with-nine-years-mean-follow-up-on-one-hundred-and-three-kaps%C3%A2-uni-knee-arthroplasties-eighty-six-medial-and-seventeen-lateral
#13
Dominique Saragaglia, Adrien Bevand, Ramsay Refaie, Brice Rubens-Duval, Régis Pailhé
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to present the results of the KAPS® uni knee arthroplasty system, both mobile and fixed bearing with reference to function, alignment and complications in 103 implants with a mean follow-up of nine years. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 103 unicompartimental knee arthroplasties in 89 patients operated on between March 2005 and March 2010. The population was composed of 50 males and 39 females, with a mean age of 70...
December 17, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248939/postural-alterations-as-a-risk-factor-for-temporomandibular-disorders
#14
Silvina Cortese, Ana Mondello, Ricardo Galarza, Ana Biondi
The aims of this study were to estimate frequency and assess postural alterations as a risk factor for temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Patients aged 10 to 15years (N=243, mean age 12. 6) seeking comprehensive dental care were analyzed according to RDC/ TMD. For static postural assessment, photographs were taken and analyzed by a physiotherapist following Kendall's model. Patients were divided into: A: without TMD (n=133); B: with muscle disorders (n=61); C: with disk displacement (N=49). No difference in age wasobserved between groups (p=0...
August 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242805/a-case-report-of-primary-synovial-chondromatosis-with-bilateral-genu-valgum
#15
Samir Dwidmuthe, Mohit Sharma
Introduction: Synovial chondromatosis is the rare and benign metaplasia of the synovial membrane resulting in the formation of multiple intra-articular cartilaginous loose bodies. Synovial chondromatosis is known by several other names including articular chondrosis and synovial chondrosis. Case Report: An 18-year-old boy presented with complaints of difficulty in walking with growing deformity with restriction and painful movements of knee joints bilaterally. The patient gives a history of swelling which was initially there about 8 years back and was accompanied by fever...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226204/single-cut-distal-femoral-varus-osteotomy-scfo-a-preliminary-study
#16
Reza Abdi, Ramin Hajzargarbashi, Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh
Background: Genu valgum usually originates from a deformity of distal femur that is often corrected by distal femoral varus osteotomy. The osteotomy includes both components of angulationcorrection and translation because the site of osteotomy is not commonly at the apex of deformity. Improvement of patellar tracking not only depends on valgus correction, but also it may be partially due to centralization of the trochlear groove under the femoral anatomical axis (FAA).We asked whether we could accurately correct the deformities based on our preoperative goals for the correction of the mechanical axis and centralization of the trochlear groove under the FAA by using a single bone cut...
September 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181344/successful-two-step-correction-for-severe-genu-valgum-in-ellis-van-creveld-syndrome-a-case-report
#17
Tomomi Kamada, Naohiko Mashima, Hiroshi Imai, Jun Takeba, Hiromasa Miura
Introduction: Ellis-van Creveld syndrome (EVC) is a very rare genetic disorder involving a severe, relentlessly progressive genu valgum deformity of the knee and it is usually difficult to correct all of the deformities by elevation of the depressed lateral tibial plateau alone. We are reporting one such case treated using two-step operative technique (first, gradual correction using Taylor spatial frame (TSF) and second, tibia elevation through intra-articular osteotomy). Case Report: We report a case of 10-year-old female with severe genu valgum in EVC using two-step operative technique...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141620/treatment-of-genu-valgum-in-children-by-means-of-temporary-hemiepiphysiodesis-using-eight-plates-short-term-findings
#18
Dirk Zajonz, Eckehard Schumann, Magdalena Wojan, Fabian B Kübler, Christoph Josten, Ulf Bühligen, Christoph E Heyde
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic genu valgum is a frequently diagnosed growth disorder in adolescence. Whenever the possibilities of conservative therapy have been exhausted, leg straightening by means of hemiepiphysiodesis has become the standard form of treatment. Because of their flexible screw-plate connection, eight-Plates have been reported in the literature to lead to lower complications regarding implant loosening and fracture compared to other implants. The aim of this retrospective survey was to analyse our own patient population who were treated for genu valgum by means of temporary hemiepiphysiodesis near the knee using eight-Plates to modulate growth...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141319/-homozygous-ectonucleotide-pyrophosphatase-phosphodiesterase-1-variants-in-a-girl-with-hypophosphatemic-rickets-and-literature-review
#19
Z Q Liu, X B Chen, F Y Song, K Gao, M F Qiu, Y Qian, M Du
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and genetic characteristics of patients with ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1) gene variants. Method: The clinical data of a patient with ENPP1 homozygous variants from Capital Institute of Pediatrics was collected, the related literature was searched from China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, National Center from Biotechnology Information and PubMed by using search term "ENPP1" , "hypophosphatemic rickets" ...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138658/-femoral-varising-osteotomy-by-external-opening-for-the-treatment-of-lateral-femorotibial-gonarthroses-associated-with-idiopathic-genu-valgum-a-retrospective-a-study-of-10-cases
#20
Asma Ben Cheikh, Mahmoud Ben Maitigue, Karim Masmoudi, Thabet Mouelhi, Nader Naouar, Yamen Grissa, Karim Bouattour, Walid Osman, Mohamed Laziz Ben Ayeche
Femoral varus osteotomy is a conservative treatment for external single-compartment gonarthrosis. This surgical procedure is little used and outcomes are little studied.This study aimed to assess the clinical and radiological results of femoral varising osteotomy in subjects with external femorotibial gonarthrosis associated with idiopathic genu valgum whose data were recorded over a period of 21 years (1992- 2013) in the Department of Orthopedics at Sahloul University Hospital, Sousse. The clinical evaluation of patients was performed using the IKS score (International Knee Society)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
94424
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"