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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778927/evaluation-of-99m-tc-sulfonamide-and-sulfocoumarin-derivatives-for-imaging-carbonic-anhydrase-ix-expression
#1
Misaki Nakai, Jihne Pan, Kuo-Shyan Lin, John R Thompson, Alessio Nocentini, Claudiu T Supuran, Yasuo Nakabayashi, Tim Storr
With the aim to prepare hypoxia tumor imaging agents, technetium(I) and rhenium(I) tricarbonyl complexes with dipyridylamine (L1 = N-{[1-(2,2-dioxido-1,2-benzoxathiin-6-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl]methyl}-N-(2-pyridinylmethyl)-2-pyridinemethanamine; L3 = N-{[1-[N-(4-aminosulfonylphenyl)]-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl]methyl}-N-(2-pyridinyl-methyl)-2-pyridinemethanamine), and iminodiacetate (H2 L2 = N-{[1-(2,2-dioxido-1,2-benzoxathiin-6-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazole-4-yl]methyl}-N-(carboxy-methyl)-glycine; H2 L4 = N-{[1-[N-(4-aminosulfonylphenyl)]-1H-1,2,3-triazole-4-yl]methyl}-N-(carboxymethyl)-glycine) ligands appended to sulfonamide or sulfocoumarin carbonic anhydrase inhibitors were synthesized...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778807/-18-f-fluoride-pet-ct-and-99m-tc-mdp-spect-ct-can-detect-bone-cancer-at-early-stage-in-rodents
#2
Christiano R R Alves, Daniele de P Faria, Camila de G Carneiro, Alexandre T Garcez, Vanessa P Gutierrez, Willian das Neves, Ney R de Almeida, Yara Cury, Roger Chammas, Patricia C Brum
Noninvasive imaging using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) are considered revolutionized approaches to detect bone cancer. Both PET/CT and SPECT/CT technologies have advanced to permit miniaturization, which has provided the advantage of including animals as their own controls in longitudinal studies. The present study was designed to evaluate the potential of PET/CT and SPECT/CT as research tools to detect bone cancer in rats...
May 17, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777004/development-of-a-novel-spect-tracer-to-image-c-met-expression-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-a-human-tumor-xenograft
#3
Zhaoguo Han, Yadi Xiao, Kai Wang, Ji Yan, Zunyu Xiao, Fang Fang, Zhongnan Jin, Yang Liu, Xilin Sun, Baozhong Shen
Rationale: Elevated expression of the c-Met receptor plays a crucial role in cancers. In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), aberrant activation of c-Met signaling pathway contributes to tumorigenesis and cancer progression, and may mediate acquired resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted therapy. c-Met is therefore emerging as a promising therapeutic target for treating NSCLC, and the methods for noninvasive in vivo assessment of c-Met expression will improve NSCLC treatment and diagnosis. Methods: A new peptide-based (cMBP) radiotracer targeting c-Met, 99m Tc-hydrazine nicotinamide (HYNIC)-cMBP, was developed for single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775298/a-family-of-bodipy-photocages-cleaved-by-single-photons-of-visible-near-ir-light
#4
Julie A Peterson, Chamari Wijesooriya, Elizabeth J Gehrmann, Kaitlyn M Mahoney, Pratik P Goswami, Toshia R Albright, Aleem Syed, Andrew S Dutton, Emily A Smith, Arthur H Winter
Photocages are light-sensitive chemical protecting groups that provide external control over when, where, and how much of a biological substrate is activated in cells using targeted light irradiation. Regrettably, most popular photocages (e.g. o-nitrobenzyl groups) absorb cell-damaging ultraviolet wavelengths. A challenge with achieving longer wavelength bond-breaking photochemistry is that long-wavelength-absorbing chromophores have shorter excited state lifetimes and diminished excited state energies. However, here we report the synthesis of a family of BODIPY-derived photocages with tunable absorptions across the visible/near-IR that release chemical cargo under irradiation...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774886/-evaluation-of-inflammatory-activity-in-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy-by-spect-ct-with-99mtc-dtpa
#5
Dan Liu, Xueliang Xu, Dan Wen, Jia Tan, Chengzhi Jiang
To evaluate the inflammatory activity in thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) by 99mTc-diethylene triamine pentaaceticacid (99mTc-DTPA) orbital single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT.
 Methods: A total of 48 patients were enrolled from Xiangya Hospital of Central South University between October 2016 and March 2017. According to clinical active score (CAS), 93 eyes were divided into a TAO active group (n=72) and a TAO inactive group (n=21). All patients underwent 99mTc-DTPA orbital SPECT/CT examination, and the DTPA uptake in extraocular muscle belly was supposed to be positive...
April 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774458/effects-of-rs591323-on-serotonin-transporter-availability-in-healthy-male-subjects
#6
Kyoungjune Pak, Hyun-Yeol Nam, Seunghyeon Shin, Keunyoung Kim, Myung Jun Lee, Eun-Joo Kim, Jae Meen Lee, Seong-Jang Kim, In Joo Kim
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the association between genetic factors of SNPs dopamine transporter (DAT) and serotonin transporter (SERT) availabilities in healthy controls. METHODS: The study population consisted of healthy controls with screening 123 I-FP-CIT single-photon emission computed tomography. Specific binding of 123 I-FP-CIT regarding DAT and SERT was calculated using a region of interest analysis. VOI template was applied to measure specific binding ratios (SBRs) of caudate nucleus, putamen, striatum, midbrain, and pons...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774142/comparison-of-mri-and-123-i-fp-cit-spect-for-the-evaluation-of-msa-p-clinical-severity
#7
Miki Nishimori, Yoriko Murata, Hitomi Iwasa, Kana Miyatake, Michiko Tadokoro, Shino Kohsaki, Munenobu Nogami, Norihiko Hamada, Hitoshi Ninomiya, Yasushi Osaki, Hirokazu Furuya, Takuji Yamagami
The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 123 I-labeled 2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl)-N-(3-fluoropropyl)nortropane single photon emission computed tomography (123 I-FP-CIT SPECT) for determining the clinical severity of patients with multiple system atrophy with Parkinsonism (MSA-P). MRI and 123 I-FP-CIT SPECT images from 17 patients with MSA-P as diagnosed using the Unified MSA Rating Scale part IV (UMSARS IV) score were compared. Brain MRI scans were available for all 17 patients and 123 I-FP-CIT SPECT images were available for 12 patients...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771387/functional-brown-adipose-tissue-and-sympathetic-activity-after-cold-exposure-in-humans-with-type-1-narcolepsy
#8
Lotte Hahn Enevoldsen, Marie Tindborg, Nichlas Lindegaard Hovmand, Christina Christoffersen, Helga Ellingsgaard, Charlotte Suetta, Bente Merete Stallknecht, Poul Joergen Jennum, Andreas Kjær, Steen Gammeltoft
Study objectives: To investigate the activity of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in type 1 narcolepsy patients during cold exposure using two separate scans of sympathetic and metabolic activity of BAT in order to evaluate whether orexin deficiency leads to altered non-shivering thermoregulation in narcolepsy. Methods: Seven patients with type 1 narcolepsy and seven healthy controls underwent two consecutive scans after 2 h cold exposure: 123I-meta-iodo-benzyl-guanidine (123I-MIBG) single photon emission computed tomography and 18F-2-deoxy-glucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography and computed tomography to visualize sympathetic innervation and metabolic activity of BAT, respectively...
May 15, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761990/-a-computer-tomography-assisted-method-for-the-automatic-detection-of-region-of-interest-in-dynamic-kidney-images
#9
Xueping Jing, Xiujuan Zheng, Shaoli Song, Kai Liu
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), which can be estimated by Gates method with dynamic kidney single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging, is a key indicator of renal function. In this paper, an automatic computer tomography (CT)-assisted detection method of kidney region of interest (ROI) is proposed to achieve the objective and accurate GFR calculation. In this method, the CT coronal projection image and the enhanced SPECT synthetic image are firstly generated and registered together. Then, the kidney ROIs are delineated using a modified level set algorithm...
December 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761983/-imaging-analysis-of-jaw-defects-reparation-with-antigen-extracted-porcine-cancellous-bone
#10
Xufeng Chen, Lihong Lu, Zhiqiang Feng, Zhongda Yin, Renfa Lai
At present, most of the bone xenograft for clinical application comes from bovine. In recent years, many studies have been done on the clinical application of porcine xenograft bone. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of canine mandibular defects reparation with antigen-extracted porcine cancellous bone by imaging examination. Four dogs' bilateral mandibular defects were created, with one side repaired with autologous bone (set as control group) while the other side repaired with antigen-extracted porcine cancellous bone (set as experimental group)...
December 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760312/change-in-cerebral-blood-flow-after-palliative-percutaneous-angioplasty-and-timing-of-second-stage-carotid-artery-stenting-in-staged-angioplasty
#11
Hisashi Nagashima, Kazuhiro Hongo, Alhusain Nagm
The purpose of this study is to elucidate the hemodynamic changes after palliative angioplasty and the timing of second stage carotid artery stenting (CAS) in staged angioplasty for patients with severe hemodynamically compromised carotid artery stenosis. Among consecutive 111 patients with carotid artery stenosis, chronological changes in the cerebral blood flow of all 11 hemodynamically compromised patients treated with CAS were evaluated with single photon emission computed tomogram (SPECT) in each stage of the treatment...
May 11, 2018: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756933/qudit-basis-universal-quantum-computation-using-%C3%AF-2-interactions
#12
Murphy Yuezhen Niu, Isaac L Chuang, Jeffrey H Shapiro
We prove that universal quantum computation can be realized-using only linear optics and χ^{(2)} (three-wave mixing) interactions-in any (n+1)-dimensional qudit basis of the n-pump-photon subspace. First, we exhibit a strictly universal gate set for the qubit basis in the one-pump-photon subspace. Next, we demonstrate qutrit-basis universality by proving that χ^{(2)} Hamiltonians and photon-number operators generate the full u(3) Lie algebra in the two-pump-photon subspace, and showing how the qutrit controlled-Z gate can be implemented with only linear optics and χ^{(2)} interactions...
April 20, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756843/z-boson-decay-into-light-and-darkness
#13
M Fabbrichesi, E Gabrielli, B Mele
We study the Z→γγ[over ¯] process in which the Z boson decays into a photon γ and a massless dark photon γ[over ¯], when the latter couples to standard-model fermions via dipole moments. This is a simple yet nontrivial example of how the Landau-Yang theorem-ruling out the decay of a massive spin-1 particle into two photons-is evaded if the final particles can be distinguished. The striking signature of this process is a resonant monochromatic single photon in the Z-boson center of mass together with missing momentum...
April 27, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756381/myocardial-multilayer-strain-does-not-provide-additional-value-for-detection-of-myocardial-viability-assessed-by-spect-imaging-over-and-beyond-standard-strain
#14
Elisabeth Orloff, Pauline Fournier, Frédéric Bouisset, Thomas Moine, Maxime Cournot, Meyer Elbaz, Didier Carrié, Michel Galinier, Olivier Lairez, Thomas Cognet
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of multilayer strain analysis to the assessment of myocardial viability (MV) through the comparison of both speckle tracking echocardiography and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging. We also intended to determine which segmental longitudinal strain (LS) cutoff value would be optimal to discriminate viable myocardium. METHODS: We included 47 patients (average age: 61 ± 11 years) referred to our cardiac imaging center for MV evaluation...
May 14, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756040/experimental-two-dimensional-quantum-walk-on-a-photonic-chip
#15
Hao Tang, Xiao-Feng Lin, Zhen Feng, Jing-Yuan Chen, Jun Gao, Ke Sun, Chao-Yue Wang, Peng-Cheng Lai, Xiao-Yun Xu, Yao Wang, Lu-Feng Qiao, Ai-Lin Yang, Xian-Min Jin
Quantum walks, in virtue of the coherent superposition and quantum interference, have exponential superiority over their classical counterpart in applications of quantum searching and quantum simulation. The quantum-enhanced power is highly related to the state space of quantum walks, which can be expanded by enlarging the photon number and/or the dimensions of the evolution network, but the former is considerably challenging due to probabilistic generation of single photons and multiplicative loss. We demonstrate a two-dimensional continuous-time quantum walk by using the external geometry of photonic waveguide arrays, rather than the inner degree of freedoms of photons...
May 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753448/widefield-high-frame-rate-single-photon-spad-imagers-for-spim-fcs
#16
Jan Buchholz, Jan Krieger, Claudio Bruschini, Samuel Burri, Andrei Ardelean, Edoardo Charbon, Jörg Langowski
Photon-counting sensors based on standard complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) represent an emerging class of imagers that enable the counting and/or timing of single photons at zero readout noise (better than high-speed electron-multiplying charge-coupling devices) and over large arrays. They have seen substantial progress over the last 15 years, increasing their spatial resolution, timing accuracy, and sensitivity while reducing spurious signals such as afterpulsing and dark counts...
May 9, 2018: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751831/intravenous-injection-of-allogeneic-umbilical-cord-derived-multipotent-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-reduces-the-infarct-area-and-ameliorates-cardiac-function-in-a-porcine-model-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#17
Meikuang Lim, Weiqiang Wang, Lu Liang, Zhi-Bo Han, Zongjin Li, Jie Geng, Meng Zhao, Honghong Jia, Jie Feng, Zhe Wei, Baoquan Song, Jiemin Zhang, Jun Li, Tianwen Liu, Fan Wang, Ting Li, Jianming Li, Yihu Fang, Jianhua Gao, Zhongchao Han
BACKGROUND: Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) therapy has been widely recognized as a feasible strategy for regenerating injured myocardial tissue. However, little is known about the efficacy of intravenous injection of allogeneic umbilical cord (UC) MSCs in preclinical models of porcine myocardial infarction. METHODS: Different dosages of allogeneic UC-MSCs or the vehicle [phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)] were delivered intravenously into an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) porcine model twice after coronary ligation...
May 11, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748936/semi-quantitative-dopamine-transporter-standardized-uptake-value-in-comparison-with-conventional-specific-binding-ratio-in-123i-fp-cit-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-datscan
#18
Yuichi Wakabayashi, Ryuichi Takahashi, Tomonori Kanda, Feibi Zeng, Munenobu Nogami, Kazunari Ishii, Takamichi Murakami
PURPOSE: We developed a new analytical method to quantify the dopamine transporter (DAT) radiation dose in the striatum on [123 I] FP-CIT single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). This method is based on the dopamine transporter standardized uptake value (DaTSUV). The purpose of this study was to compare DaTSUV with the classical specific binding ratio (SBR) in the discrimination of dopaminergic neurodegenerative diseases (dNDD) from non-dNDD. METHOD: Seventy-seven consecutive patients who underwent DaTscan were included...
May 10, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748311/radiotracer-imaging-allows-for-noninvasive-detection-and-quantification-of-abnormalities-in-angiosome-foot-perfusion-in-diabetic-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia-and-nonhealing-wounds
#19
Jessica L Alvelo, Xenophon Papademetris, Carlos Mena-Hurtado, Sangchoon Jeon, Bauer E Sumpio, Albert J Sinusas, Mitchel R Stacy
BACKGROUND: Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) imaging allows for assessment of skeletal muscle microvascular perfusion but has not been quantitatively assessed in angiosomes, or 3-dimensional vascular territories, of the foot. This study assessed and compared resting angiosome foot perfusion between healthy subjects and diabetic patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Additionally, the relationship between SPECT/CT imaging and the ankle-brachial index-a standard tool for evaluating peripheral artery disease-was assessed...
May 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746126/time-resolved-dissociation-dynamics-of-iodomethane-resulting-from-rydberg-and-valence-excitation
#20
Arne Baumann, Dimitrios Rompotis, Oliver Schepp, Marek Wieland, Markus Drescher
Rydberg excitations in the vacuum ultraviolet spectral range may open up photoreaction pathways not accessible from lower-lying valence states. Here, single-shot UV/VUV pump-probe spectroscopy was used to study the photodissociation dynamics of iodomethane after 268 nm excitation in the A band and excitation of the 6p (2 E3/2 ) Rydberg state at 161 nm. By combining weak-field VUV single-photon ionization with sub-10-fs temporal resolution and the superior statistical accuracy of the single-shot technique, sub-30 fs wave packet dynamics upon excitation in the A-band by a UV pump pulse were disclosed...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
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