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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907147/a-new-cross-by-pass-torus-architecture-based-on-cbp-mesh-and-torus-interconnection-for-on-chip-communication
#1
Usman Ali Gulzari, Muhammad Sajid, Sheraz Anjum, Shahrukh Agha, Frank Sill Torres
A Mesh topology is one of the most promising architecture due to its regular and simple structure for on-chip communication. Performance of mesh topology degraded greatly by increasing the network size due to small bisection width and large network diameter. In order to overcome this limitation, many researchers presented modified Mesh design by adding some extra links to improve its performance in terms of network latency and power consumption. The Cross-By-Pass-Mesh was presented by us as an improved version of Mesh topology by intelligent addition of extra links...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905888/medicare-program-end-stage-renal-disease-prospective-payment-system-coverage-and-payment-for-renal-dialysis-services-furnished-to-individuals-with-acute-kidney-injury-end-stage-renal-disease-quality-incentive-program-durable-medical-equipment-prosthetics-orthotics
#2
(no author information available yet)
This rule updates and makes revisions to the End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Prospective Payment System (PPS) for calendar year 2017. It also finalizes policies for coverage and payment for renal dialysis services furnished by an ESRD facility to individuals with acute kidney injury. This rule also sets forth requirements for the ESRD Quality Incentive Program, including the inclusion of new quality measures beginning with payment year (PY) 2020 and provides updates to programmatic policies for the PY 2018 and PY 2019 ESRD QIP...
November 4, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904663/t-type-calcium-channel-blocker-attenuates-unilateral-ureteral-obstruction-induced-renal-interstitial-fibrosis-by-activating-the-nrf2-antioxidant-pathway
#3
Sungjin Chung, Soojeong Kim, Minyoung Kim, Eun Sil Koh, Hye Eun Yoon, Ho-Shik Kim, Cheol Whee Park, Yoon Sik Chang, Seok Joon Shin
Besides its effect on high blood pressure, T-type calcium channel blocker is renoprotective in experimental models of renal fibrosis. However, the exact mechanism of T-type calcium channel blocker on tubulointerstitial fibrosis is unclear. We investigated whether the renoprotective effect of T-type calcium channel blocker is associated with modulation of the signaling of oxidative stress-induced renal fibrosis. Treatment with a non-hypotensive dose of efonidipine, a T-type calcium channel blocker, or nifedipine, an L-type channel blocker, was initiated one day before unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in C57BL6/J mice, and was continued until 3 and 7 days after UUO...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903272/inhibition-of-bromodomain-and-extra-terminal-bet-proteins-increases-nkg2d-ligand-mica-expression-and-sensitivity-to-nk-cell-mediated-cytotoxicity-in-multiple-myeloma-cells-role-of-cmyc-irf4-mir-125b-interplay
#4
Maria Pia Abruzzese, Maria Teresa Bilotta, Cinzia Fionda, Alessandra Zingoni, Alessandra Soriani, Elisabetta Vulpis, Cristiana Borrelli, Beatrice Zitti, Maria Teresa Petrucci, Maria Rosaria Ricciardi, Rosa Molfetta, Rossella Paolini, Angela Santoni, Marco Cippitelli
BACKGROUND: Anti-cancer immune responses may contribute to the control of tumors after conventional chemotherapy, and different observations have indicated that chemotherapeutic agents can induce immune responses resulting in cancer cell death and immune-stimulatory side effects. Increasing experimental and clinical evidence highlight the importance of natural killer (NK) cells in immune responses toward multiple myeloma (MM), and combination therapies able to enhance the activity of NK cells against MM are showing promise in treating this hematologic cancer...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902566/conditioned-pain-modulation-in-non-specific-chronic-back-pain-patients-with-chronic-local-pain-chronic-widespread-pain-and-fibromyalgia
#5
Andreas Gerhardt, Wolfgang Eich, Rolf-Detlef Treede, Jonas Tesarz
Findings considering conditioned pain modulation (CPM) in chronic back pain (CBP) are contradictory. This might be because many CBP patients report pain in further areas of the body and altered CPM might influence spatial extent of pain rather than CBP per se. Therefore, we compared CPM in CBP patients with different pain extent. Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) patients, for whom CPM-impairment is reported most consistently, were measured for comparison.Based on clinical evaluation and pain-drawings patients were categorized into chronic local back pain (CLP; n=53), chronic widespread back pain (CWP; n=32), and FMS (n=92)...
November 28, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899590/different%C3%A2-enhancer-classes-in-drosophila-bind-distinct-architectural-proteins-and-mediate-unique-chromatin-interactions-and-3d-architecture
#6
Caelin Cubeñas-Potts, M Jordan Rowley, Xiaowen Lyu, Ge Li, Elissa P Lei, Victor G Corces
Eukaryotic gene expression is regulated by enhancer-promoter interactions but the molecular mechanisms that govern specificity have remained elusive. Genome-wide studies utilizing STARR-seq identified two enhancer classes in Drosophila that interact with different core promoters: housekeeping enhancers (hkCP) and developmental enhancers (dCP). We hypothesized that the two enhancer classes are occupied by distinct architectural proteins, affecting their enhancer-promoter contacts. By evaluating ChIP-seq occupancy of architectural proteins, typical enhancer-associated proteins, and histone modifications, we determine that both enhancer classes are enriched for RNA Polymerase II, CBP, and architectural proteins but there are also distinctions...
November 28, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882145/microrna-22-attenuates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-an-anti-inflammatory-mechanism-in-rats
#7
Jian Yang, Zhixing Fan, Jun Yang, Jiawang Ding, Chaojun Yang, Lihua Chen
Previous studies have reported that microRNA-22 (miR-22) may be implicated in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced myocardial injury. Our previously published data also demonstrated that miR-22 may protect against myocardial I/R injury via anti-apoptosis in rats by targeting cAMP response element-binding protein binding protein (CBP). However, the specific function of miR-22 in myocardial I/R injury is far from fully elucidated. The present study was designed to investigate another cardioprotective signaling mechanism of miR-22 in myocardial I/R injury...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882105/a-pilot-study-of-perioperative-esmolol-for-myocardial-protection-during-on-pump-cardiac-surgery
#8
Xue Liu, Fengxia Shao, Liu Yang, Youhai Jia
The protective effects of preprocedural esmolol on myocardial injury and hemodynamics have not, to date, been investigated in patients who were scheduled for cardiac surgeries under a cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). A pilot randomized controlled trial was performed at The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University (Dalian, China). Patients scheduled for elective open-heart surgeries under CBP were included, and were randomized to esmolol and control groups. For patients in the esmolol groups, intravenous esmolol (70 µg/kg/min) was administered at the time of incision until CPB was performed...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881875/loss-of-p300-accelerates-mds-associated-leukemogenesis
#9
G Cheng, F Liu, T Asai, F Lai, N Man, H Xu, S Chen, S Greenblatt, P-J Hamard, K Ando, C Martinez, M Tadi, L Wang, M Xu, F-C Yang, R Shiekhattar, S D Nimer
The role that changes in DNA methylation and histone modifications play in human malignancies is poorly understood. p300 and CBP, two distinct but highly homologous lysine acetyltransferases (KATs), are mutated in several cancers, suggesting their role as tumor suppressors. In the current study, we found that deletion of p300, but not CBP, markedly accelerated the leukemogenesis of Nup98-HoxD13 (NHD13) transgenic mice, an animal model that phenotypically copies human myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). p300 deletion restored the ability of NHD13 expressing hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) to self-renew in vitro, and to expand in vivo, with an increase in stem cell symmetric self-renewal divisions and a decrease in apoptosis...
November 24, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881443/exploitation-of-ep300-and-crebbp-lysine-acetyltransferases-by-cancer
#10
Narsis Attar, Siavash K Kurdistani
p300 and CREB-binding protein (CBP), two homologous lysine acetyltransferases in metazoans, have a myriad of cellular functions. They exert their influence mainly through their roles as transcriptional regulators but also via nontranscriptional effects inside and outside of the nucleus on processes such as DNA replication and metabolism. The versatility of p300/CBP as molecular tools has led to their exploitation by viral oncogenes for cellular transformation and by cancer cells to achieve and maintain an oncogenic phenotype...
November 23, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859673/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-a-chlorella-by-product-on-the-growth-performance-immune-response-intestinal-microflora-and-intestinal-mucosal-morphology-in-broiler-chickens
#11
H K Kang, S B Park, C H Kim
This study aimed to determine the effect of different dietary levels of a Chlorella by-product (CBP) on the growth performance, immune response, intestinal microflora and intestinal mucosal morphology of broilers. In total, 480 one-day-old broiler chickens were randomly allotted to four dietary treatments with four replicated pens consisting of 30 chicks. The basal diet was formulated to be adequate in energy and nutrients. Three additional diets were prepared by supplementing 25, 50 or 75 g/kg of CBP to the basal diet...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857998/a-parp1-erk2-synergism-is-required-for-stimulation-induced-expression-of-immediate-early-genes
#12
M Cohen-Armon
A PARP1-Erk2 synergism was required to generate synaptic long-term potentiation in the CA3-CA1 hippocampal connections. This molecular mechanism was associated with the recently identified pivotal role of polyADP-ribosylation in learning. High frequency electrical stimulation of cortical and hippocampal neurons induced binding of phosphorylated Erk2 (transported into the nucleus) to the nuclear protein PARP1. PARP1-Erk2 binding induced PARP1 activation and polyADP-ribosylation of its prominent substrate, linker histone H1...
2016: Gene & Translational Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857334/high-performance-quantum-dot-light-emitting-diodes-with-hybrid-hole-transport-layer-via-doping-engineering
#13
Qianqian Huang, Jiangyong Pan, Yuning Zhang, Jing Chen, Zhi Tao, Chao He, Kaifeng Zhou, Yan Tu, Wei Lei
Here, we report on the hybrid hole transport materials 4,4'-bis-(carbazole-9-yl)biphenyl (CBP) or poly-N-vinylcarbazole (PVK) doped into poly(4-butyl-phenyl-diphenyl-amine) (Poly-TPD) as the hybrid hole transport layer (HTL) to tailor the energy band alignment between hole injection layer (HIL) and quantum dot (QD) light emitting layer in order to realize efficient quantum dot light emitting diodes (QLEDs) in all solution-processed fabrication. Compared to the pristine Poly-TPD based device, it is found that the electroluminescence (EL) performance of QLEDs can be significantly improved by 1...
November 14, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852321/work-productivity-is-associated-with-disease-activity-and-functional-ability-in-italian-patients-with-early-axial-spondyloarthritis-an-observational-study-from-the-space-cohort
#14
Manouk de Hooge, Roberta Ramonda, Mariagrazia Lorenzin, Paola Frallonardo, Leonardo Punzi, Augusta Ortolan, Andrea Doria
BACKGROUND: Spondyloarthritis often affects young people, typically in their working years. The aim of our study was to investigate work productivity and its relationship with disease activity and physical functioning in Italian patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) with chronic back pain (CBP) for ≥3 months and ≤2 years, and onset  < 45 years of age. METHODS: Baseline absenteeism, presenteeism, work productivity loss (assessed by the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire (WPAI)), and disease activity (assessed by the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI)/Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS)) and functional ability (assessed by the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Functional Index (BASFI)) of patients with axSpA (rheumatologist's diagnosis) included in the Italian section of the Spondyloarthritis Caught Early (SPACE) cohort were collected...
November 16, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834392/pharmacological-activators-of-the-nr4a-nuclear-receptors-enhance-ltp-in-a-creb-cbp-dependent-fashion
#15
Morgan S Bridi, Joshua D Hawk, Snehajyoti Chatterjee, Stephen Safe, Ted Abel
Nr4a nuclear receptors contribute to long-term memory formation and are required for long-term memory enhancement by a class of broad-acting drugs known as histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that regulate these genes and identifying ways to increase their activity may provide novel therapeutic approaches for ameliorating cognitive dysfunction. In the present study, we find that Nr4a gene expression after learning requires the cAMP-response element binding (CREB) interaction domain of the histone acetyltransferase CREB-binding protein (CBP)...
November 11, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832201/role-of-hypothalamic-creb-binding-protein-in-obesity-and-molecular-reprogramming-of-metabolic-substrates
#16
Cesar L Moreno, Linda Yang, Penny A Dacks, Fumiko Isoda, Jan M A van Deursen, Charles V Mobbs
We have reported a correlation between hypothalamic expression of Creb-binding protein (Cbp) and lifespan, and that inhibition of Cbp prevents protective effects of dietary restriction during aging, suggesting that hypothalamic Cbp plays a role in responses to nutritional status and energy balance. Recent GWAS and network analyses have also implicated Cbp as the most connected gene in protein-protein interactions in human Type 2 diabetes. The present studies address mechanisms mediating the role of Cbp in diabetes by inhibiting hypothalamic Cbp using a Cre-lox strategy...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826038/title-expression-of-glial-cbp-in-steroid-mediated-neuroprotection-in-male-and-female-zebra-finches
#17
Molly Klores, John T Moon, Kelli A Duncan
Under neurodegenerative conditions, reactive astrocytes upregulate both aromatase (estrogen synthase) as well as estrogen and androgen receptors. This increased steroidogenic signal promotes neuroprotection and repair by promoting neurogenesis and decreasing cell death, but also by modulating the release of inflammatory molecules. Thus, endocrine - immune cross-talk is an essential component of estrogen mediated neuroprotection following brain injury. However, the exact mechanisms underlying this cross-talk remains unknown...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817254/cytohistological-and-immunohistochemical-characteristics-of-spindle-shaped-mesenchymal-neoplasms-occurring-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#18
Antonio Ieni, Valeria Barresi, Luca Reggiani Bonetti, Giovanni Branca, Rosario Alberto Caruso, Giovanni Tuccari
The purpose of the present review is to analyze the cytohistological and immunohistochemical characteristics of spindle-shaped mesenchymal gastrointestinal neoplams (MGNs), a group of unusual neoplastic conditions with different biological behavior. These tumors exhibit clinical pictures strictly related to the site of origin and dimensions, even if they appear generally with an intramural localization. This latter point may suggest an useful application of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), mainly followed by the cell-block procedure (CBP) in the differential diagnostic approach...
November 6, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815044/ethanol-production-by-escherichia-coli-from-arundo-donax-biomass-under-ssf-shf-or-cbp-process-configurations-and-in-situ-production-of-a-multifunctional-glucanase-and-xylanase
#19
Inés Loaces, Sima Schein, Francisco Noya
Diluted acid or liquid hot water (LHW) pretreated Arundo donax biomass was converted into ethanol under separated hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) or simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) using Escherichia coli as the fermentative organism. Up to 0.26gL(-1)h(-1) and 25.0gL(-1) of ethanol were obtained with diluted acid pretreated biomass under SSF compared to 0.17gL(-1)h(-1) and 24gL(-1) under SHF. LHW pretreated biomass elicited 25% lower yields on average. Saccharification was carried out with Cellic CTec2 cocktail...
October 25, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812220/tissue-degeneration-following-loss-of-schistosoma-mansoni-cbp1-is-associated-with-increased-stem-cell-proliferation-and-parasite-death-in-vivo
#20
Julie N R Collins, James J Collins
Schistosomiasis is second only to malaria in terms of the global impact among diseases caused by parasites. A striking feature of schistosomes are their ability to thrive in their hosts for decades. We have previously demonstrated that stem cells, called neoblasts, promote homeostatic tissue maintenance in adult schistosomes and suggested these cells likely contribute to parasite longevity. Whether these schistosome neoblasts have functions independent of homeostatic tissue maintenance, for example in processes such as tissue regeneration following injury, remains unexplored...
November 2016: PLoS Pathogens
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