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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416852/-first-aid-system-for-trauma-development-and-status
#1
D K Chen, W C Lin, P Zhang, S J Kuang, W Huang, T B Wang
With the great progress of the economy, the level of industrialization has been increasing year by year, which leads to an increase in accidental trauma accidents. Chinese annual death of trauma is already more than 400 000, which makes trauma the fifth most common cause of death, following malignant tumor, heart, brain and respiratory diseases. Trauma is the leading cause of the death of young adults. At the same time, trauma has become a serious social problem in peace time. Trauma throws great treats on human health and life...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400955/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-revised-who-guidelines-for-management-of-childhood-pneumonia-in-74-countdown-countries
#2
Shanshan Zhang, Beatrice Incardona, Shamim A Qazi, Karin Stenberg, Harry Campbell, Harish Nair
BACKGROUND: Treatment of childhood pneumonia is a key priority in low-income countries, with substantial resource implications. WHO revised their guidelines for the management of childhood pneumonia in 2013. We estimated and compared the resource requirements, total direct medical cost and cost-effectiveness of childhood pneumonia management in 74 countries with high burden of child mortality (Countdown countries) using the 2005 and 2013 revised WHO guidelines. METHODS: We constructed a cost model using a bottom up approach to estimate the cost of childhood pneumonia management using the 2005 and 2013 WHO guidelines from a public provider perspective in 74 Countdown countries...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396301/timely-digital-patient-clinician-communication-in-specialist-clinical-services-for-young-people-a-mixed-methods-study-the-lync-study
#3
Frances Griffiths, Carol Bryce, Jonathan Cave, Melina Dritsaki, Joseph Fraser, Kathryn Hamilton, Caroline Huxley, Agnieszka Ignatowicz, Sung Wook Kim, Peter K Kimani, Jason Madan, Anne-Marie Slowther, Mark Sujan, Jackie Sturt
BACKGROUND: Young people (aged 16-24 years) with long-term health conditions can disengage from health services, resulting in poor health outcomes, but clinicians in the UK National Health Service (NHS) are using digital communication to try to improve engagement. Evidence of effectiveness of this digital communication is equivocal. There are gaps in evidence as to how it might work, its cost, and ethical and safety issues. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to understand how the use of digital communication between young people with long-term conditions and their NHS specialist clinicians changes engagement of the young people with their health care; and to identify costs and necessary safeguards...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391968/bullying-victimization-and-suicide-ideation-and-behavior-among-adolescents-in-europe-a-10-country-study
#4
Shira Barzilay, Anat Brunstein Klomek, Alan Apter, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Gergö Hadlaczky, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Judit Balazs, Agnes Kereszteny, Romuald Brunner, Michael Kaess, Julio Bobes, Pilar Saiz, Doina Cosman, Christian Haring, Raphaela Banzer, Paul Corcoran, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Vita Postuvan, Tina Podlogar, Merike Sisask, Airi Varnik, Danuta Wasserman
PURPOSE: To examine risk and protective factors moderating the associations between three types of bullying victimization (physical, verbal, and relational bullying) with suicide ideation/attempts in a large representative sample of European adolescents. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data on 11,110 students (mean age = 14.9, standard deviation = .89) recruited from 168 schools in 10 European Union countries involved in the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe study...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386649/factors-associated-with-different-smoking-status-in-european-adolescents-results-of-the-seyle-study
#5
Raphaela Banzer, C Haring, A Buchheim, S Oehler, V Carli, C Wasserman, M Kaess, A Apter, J Balazs, J Bobes, R Brunner, P Corcoran, D Cosman, C W Hoven, J P Kahn, H S Keeley, V Postuvan, T Podlogar, M Sisask, A Värnik, M Sarchiapone, D Wasserman
Early onset and long-term smoking are associated with physical and psychological health problems. The aim of the presented analysis was to investigate risk and influencing factors for different smoking status in a big sample of European adolescents. In the context of the "saving and empowering young lives in Europe" (SEYLE) study we surveyed 12,328 adolescents at the age of 13-17 from 11 countries. The survey took place in a school-based context using a questionnaire. Overall 58% reported the onset of ever-smoking under the age of 14 and 30...
April 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368539/measles-vaccination-is-effective-at-under-nine-months-of-age-and-provides-nonspecific-immunological-benefits
#6
Katie L Flanagan
The measles virus is highly contagious and causes considerable morbidity and mortality, particularly in the young. Immunization with the live measles vaccine (MV) continues to save millions of lives [1]. World Health Organization (WHO) policy now recommends giving measles vaccine at 9 months of age in high-risk settings in the developing world, and 12 months if the measles risk is lower [2]. This is because earlier vaccination in the presence of maternal antibody (mAb) interferes with the development of vaccine-induced immunity [3]...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360366/peritoneal-dialysis-to-treat-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-the-saving-young-lives-experience-in-west-africa-proceedings-of-the-saving-young-lives-session-at-the-first-international-conference-of-dialysis-in-west-africa-dakar-senegal-december-2015
#7
Niang Abdou, Sampson Antwi, Laurence Adonis Koffi, Francis Lalya, Victoria May Adabayeri, Norah Nyah, Dennis Palmer, Ariane Brusselmans, Brett Cullis, John Feehally, Mignon McCulloch, William Smoyer, Fredric O Finkelstein
In December 2015, as part of the First African Dialysis Conference organized in Dakar, Senegal, 5 physicians from West African countries who have participated in the Saving Young Lives Program reviewed their experiences establishing peritoneal dialysis (PD) programs to treat patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). Thus far, nearly 200 patients have received PD treatment in these countries. The interaction and discussion amongst the participants at the meeting was meaningful and informative. The presentations highlighted the creativity, conviction, and determination of the physicians in overcoming the various barriers and challenges they encountered to establish PD/AKI programs...
March 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212076/selecting-power-efficient-signal-features-for-a-low-power-fall-detector
#8
Changhong Wang, Stephen Redmond, Wei Lu, Michael Stevens, Stephen Lord, Nigel Lovell
Falls are a serious threat to the health of older people. A wearable fall detector can automatically detect the occurrence of a fall and alert a caregiver or an emergency response service so they may deliver immediate assistance, improving the chances of recovering from fall-related injuries. One constraint of such a wearable technology is its limited battery life. Thus, minimization of power consumption is an important design concern, all the while maintaining satisfactory accuracy of the fall detection algorithms implemented on the wearable device...
February 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#9
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190791/no-free-bed-with-ventilator-experience-of-a-public-health-specialist
#10
Thriveni Shivanna Beerenahally
While the author was dealing with a poor elderly father struggling to shift his gravely injured young son to a government hospital due to the high cost of intensive care, her friends across the globe were discussing euthanasia in the social media. While marginalised groups of people are struggling to access care in India, friends who have moved to developed parts of the world were discussing one's choice to live or die! The poor father, after battling to save his son and reaching out to many people for help, could not save him...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170053/substance-use-or-abuse-internet-use-psychopathology-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents
#11
Matilde Bousoño Serrano, Susana Al-Halabí, Patricia Burón, Marlen Garrido, Eva María Díaz-Mesa, Gonzalo Galván, Leticia García-Álvarez, Vladimir Carli, Christina Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Danuta Wasserman, Manuel Bousoño, María Paz García-Portilla, Celso Iglesias, Pilar Alejandra Sáiz, Julio Bobes
Substance and Internet use or abuse, psychopathology and suicidal ideation appear to be related. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between use of psychotropic substances, inadequate Internet use, suicidal ideation and other psychopathological symptoms within the adolescent population. The present study was carried out as part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project, funded by the European Union. The sample is composed of 1026 adolescents aged between 14 and 16 years from 12 state schools in Asturias (530 men and 496 women)...
January 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988146/simplified-antibiotic-regimens-for-treatment-of-clinical-severe-infection-in-the-outpatient-setting-when-referral-is-not-possible-for-young-infants-in-pakistan-simplified-antibiotic-therapy-trial-satt-a-randomised-open-label-equivalence-trial
#12
Fatima Mir, Imran Nisar, Shiyam S Tikmani, Benazir Baloch, Sadia Shakoor, Fyezah Jehan, Imran Ahmed, Simon Cousens, Anita K M Zaidi
BACKGROUND: Parenteral antibiotic therapy for young infants (aged 0-59 days) with suspected sepsis is sometimes not available or feasible in countries with high neonatal mortality. Outpatient treatment could save lives in such settings. We aimed to assess the equivalence of two simplified antibiotic regimens, comprising fewer injections and oral rather than parenteral administration, compared with a reference treatment for young infants with clinical severe infection. METHODS: We undertook the Simplified Antibiotic Therapy Trial (SATT), a three-arm, randomised, open-label, equivalence trial in five communities in Karachi, Pakistan...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968862/breastfeeding-rates-in-china-a-cross-sectional-survey-and-estimate-of-benefits-of-improvement
#13
Zhenyu Yang, Jianqiang Lai, Dongmei Yu, Yifan Duan, Xuehong Pang, Shan Jiang, Ye Bi, Jie Wang, Liyun Zhao, Shian Yin
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the gold standard for infant and young child feeding. Increased rates of breastfeeding could reduce morbidity and mortality for both children and mothers. In addition, breastfed children could have better cognitive development, persisting through later life. However, quantitative data are scarce on the effect of improved breastfeeding rates in China. The objectives of this study were to assess current breastfeeding rates and to analyse the potential effect of improved breastfeeding rates in China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941102/impact-of-improving-community-based-access-to-malaria-diagnosis-and-treatment-on-household-costs
#14
Joëlle Castellani, Jesca Nsungwa-Sabiiti, Borislava Mihaylova, IkeOluwapo O Ajayi, Mohamadou Siribié, Chinenye Afonne, Andrew Balyeku, Luc Sermé, Armande K Sanou, Benjamin S Sombié, Alfred B Tiono, Sodiomon B Sirima, Vanessa Kabarungi, Catherine O Falade, Josephine Kyaligonza, Silvia M A A Evers, Aggie T G Paulus, Max Petzold, Jan Singlovic, Melba Gomes
BACKGROUND:  Community health workers (CHWs) were trained in Burkina Faso, Nigeria, and Uganda to diagnose febrile children using malaria rapid diagnostic tests, and treat positive malaria cases with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) and those who could not take oral medicines with rectal artesunate. We quantified the impact of this intervention on private household costs for childhood febrile illness. METHODS:  Households with recent febrile illness in a young child in previous 2 weeks were selected randomly before and during the intervention and data obtained on household costs for the illness episode...
December 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887664/translating-sickle-cell-guidelines-into-practice-for-primary-care-providers-with-project-echo
#15
Lisa M Shook, Christina B Farrell, Karen A Kalinyak, Stephen C Nelson, Brandon M Hardesty, Angeli G Rampersad, Kay L Saving, Wanda J Whitten-Shurney, Julie A Panepinto, Russell E Ware, Lori E Crosby
BACKGROUND: Approximately 100,000 persons with sickle cell disease (SCD) live in the United States, including 15,000 in the Midwest. Unfortunately, many patients experience poor health outcomes due to limited access to primary care providers (PCPs) who are prepared to deliver evidence-based SCD care. Sickle Treatment and Outcomes Research in the Midwest (STORM) is a regional network established to improve care and outcomes for individuals with SCD living in Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835052/options-for-improving-effectiveness-of-rotavirus-vaccines-in-developing-countries
#16
Marion S Tissera, Daniel Cowley, Nada Bogdanovic-Sakran, Melanie L Hutton, Dena Lyras, Carl D Kirkwood, Jim P Buttery
Rotavirus gastroenteritis is a leading global cause of mortality and morbidity in young children due to diarrhea and dehydration. Over 85% of deaths occur in developing countries. In industrialised countries, 2 live oral rotavirus vaccines licensed in 2006 quickly demonstrated high effectiveness, dramatically reducing severe rotavirus gastroenteritis admissions in many settings by more than 90%. In contrast, the same vaccines reduced severe rotavirus gastroenteritis by only 30-60% in developing countries, but have been proven life-saving...
November 11, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829445/improving-early-childhood-care-and-development-hiv-testing-treatment-and-support-and-nutrition-in-mokhotlong-lesotho-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen, Marguerite Marlow, Lucie Cluver, Peter Cooper, Lynne Murray, Shoeshoe Mofokeng, Nathene Morley, Moroesi Makhetha, Sarah Gordon, Tonya Esterhuizen, Lorraine Sherr
BACKGROUND: Since 1990, the lives of 48 million children under the age of 5 years have been saved because of increased investments in reducing child mortality. However, despite these unprecedented gains, 250 million children younger than 5 years in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) cannot meet their developmental potential due to poverty, poor health and nutrition, and lack of necessary stimulation and care. Lesotho has high levels of poverty, HIV, and malnutrition, all of which affect child development outcomes...
November 9, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787178/talking-about-suicide-can-help-to-save-lives
#18
Sarah Fitchett
In England, one person dies every 2 hours as a result of suicide. It is the leading cause of death for young people in the UK. Every year about 1,600 children and young people aged 10 to 34 take their own lives. The charity Childline receives an average of one call every 30 minutes from British children with suicidal thoughts. That works out at 19,481 in the past year alone, more than double the number 5 years ago. And yet, we still aren't talking about it.
October 26, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761875/saving-deaf-children-screening-for-hearing-loss-as-a-public-interest-case
#19
Sigrid Bosteels, Michel Vandenbroeck, Geert Van Hove
New-born screening programs for congenital disorders and chronic disease are expanding worldwide and children "at risk" are identified by nationwide tracking systems at the earliest possible stage. These practices are never neutral and raise important social and ethical questions. An emergent concern is that a reflexive professionalism should interrogate the ever earlier interference in children's lives. The Flemish community of Belgium was among the first to generalize the screening for hearing loss in young children and is an interesting case to study the public justification of early interventions for families with deaf children...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677782/mdma-methylone-and-mdpv-drug-induced-brain-hyperthermia-and-its-modulation-by-activity-state-and-environment
#20
Eugene A Kiyatkin, Suelynn E Ren
Psychomotor stimulants are frequently used by humans to intensify the subjective experience of different types of social interactions. Since psychomotor stimulants enhance metabolism and increase body temperatures, their use under conditions of physiological activation and in warm humid environments could result in pathological hyperthermia, a life-threatening symptom of acute drug intoxication. Here, we will describe the brain hyperthermic effects of MDMA, MDPV, and methylone, three structurally related recreational drugs commonly used by young adults during raves and other forms of social gatherings...
September 28, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
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