keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Saving young lives

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234521/mental-health-difficulties-and-suicidal-behaviours-among-young-migrants-multicentre-study-of-european-adolescents
#1
Elaine M McMahon, Paul Corcoran, Helen Keeley, Mary Cannon, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Marco Sarchiapone, Alan Apter, Judit Balazs, Raphaela Banzer, Julio Bobes, Romuald Brunner, Doina Cozman, Christian Haring, Michael Kaess, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Agnes Kereszteny, Ursa Mars Bitenc, Bogdan Nemes, Vita Poštuvan, Pilar A Sáiz, Merike Sisask, Alexandra Tubiana, Peeter Värnik, Christina W Hoven, Danuta Wasserman
Background: Migration has been reported to be associated with higher prevalence of mental disorders and suicidal behaviour. Aims: To examine the prevalence of emotional and behavioural difficulties, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among migrant adolescents and their non-migrant peers. Method: A school-based survey was completed by 11 057 European adolescents as part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) study. Results: A previous suicide attempt was reported by 386 (3...
November 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230336/metastatic-spinal-cord-compression-secondary-to-liver-cancer
#2
Daniel Gams Massi, Japhari Nyassinde, Ngor Side Diagne, Ramy Abdennaji, Kamadore Toure, Moustapha Ndiaye, Amadou Gallo Diop, Mouhamadou Mansour Ndiaye
Metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) is a medical emergency that requires rapid diagnosis and treatment to reduce pain, to preserve neurological functioning, and to prolong survival. The diagnosis of liver cancer is often neglected in the differential diagnosis of MSCC. Treatment is usually palliative and evolution is often fatal. This is a case report of a 28-year-old patient living in Mauritania hospitalized in November 2014 at the neurology department of Fann national teaching hospital in Dakar, for the management of a chronic dorsal spinal cord compression...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216755/explicit-motives-antecedents-and-consequences-of-direct-self-injurious-behaviors
#3
Avigal Snir, Alan Apter, Shira Barzilay, Dana Feldman, Eshkol Rafaeli, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Gergö Hadlaczky, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Danuta Wasserman
BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviors in adolescence are a serious public health concern. AIMS: The current study aims to expand our understanding of motives for direct self-injurious behaviors (D-SIB). We examined the explicit motives but also the actual antecedents and consequences of D-SIB over time. METHOD: As part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) study, adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 years from Israel completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, 3-month, and 12-month follow-ups...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167697/young-lives-disrupted-gender-and-well-being-among-adolescent-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#4
Jocelyn DeJong, Farah Sbeity, Jennifer Schlecht, Manale Harfouche, Rouham Yamout, Fouad M Fouad, Seema Manohar, Courtland Robinson
Background: The conflict in Syria that began in 2011 has resulted in the exodus of over 5 million Syrian refugees to neighbouring countries, with more than one million refugees currently registered by UNHCR in Lebanon. While some are living in tented settlements, the majority are living in strained conditions in rented accommodation or collective shelters in the Bekaa Valley next to Syria. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable in any crisis. In 2013-4, the American University in Beirut in collaboration with the Women's Refugee Commission, Johns Hopkins and Save the Children, sought to understand the specific experiences of very young adolescents, those 10-14 years of age, in this protracted crisis context...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158215/risk-stratification-in-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy
#5
REVIEW
Hugh Calkins, Domenico Corrado, Frank Marcus
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited cardiomyopathy characterized by ventricular arrhythmias and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. Although structural abnormalities of the right ventricle predominate, it is well recognized that left ventricular involvement is common, particularly in advanced disease, and that left-dominant forms occur. The pathological characteristic of ARVC is myocyte loss with fibrofatty replacement. Since the first detailed clinical description of the disorder in 1982, significant advances have been made in understanding this disease...
November 21, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959436/expanding-the-population-coverage-of-evidence-based-interventions-with-community-health-workers-to-save-the-lives-of-mothers-and-children-an-analysis-of-potential-global-impact-using-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#6
Victoria B Chou, Ingrid K Friberg, Mervyn Christian, Neff Walker, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: Evidence has been accumulating that community health workers (CHWs) providing evidence-based interventions as part of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) can lead to reductions in maternal, neonatal and child mortality. However, investments to strengthen and scale-up CHW programs still remain modest. METHODS: We used the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) to estimate the number of maternal, neonatal and child deaths and stillbirths that could be prevented if 73 countries effectively scaled up the population coverage of 30 evidence-based interventions that CHWs can deliver in these high-burden countries...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954441/developmental-assessments-during-injury-research-is-enrollment-of-very-young-children-in-cr%C3%A3-ches-associated-with-better-scores
#7
Divya Nair, Olakunle Alonge, Jena Derakhshani Hamadani, Shumona Sharmin Salam, Irteja Islam, Adnan A Hyder
The Developmental Study is part of a larger intervention on "saving of lives from drowning (SoLiD)" where children were enrolled either into crèches (daycare centers) or playpens to prevent drowning in rural Bangladesh. Sampling ~1000 children between the ages of 9-17 months, we compared problem-solving, communication, motor and personal-social outcomes assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire in the two interventions. After controlling for variables such as home stimulation in multivariate regressions, children in crèches performed about a quarter of a standard deviation better in total scores (p < 0...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864130/characteristics-of-adults-who-switched-from-cigarette-smoking-to-e-cigarettes
#8
Su Hyun Park, Dustin T Duncan, Omar El Shahawy, Lily Lee, Jenni A Shearston, Kosuke Tamura, Scott E Sherman, Michael Weitzman
INTRODUCTION: Because of the rapidly increasing use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), this study aimed to investigate the individual characteristics and state-level prevalence of U.S. adults who have switched to e-cigarettes from traditional cigarettes. METHODS: Data from the 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 National Adult Tobacco Surveys were analyzed in 2016. Relative percent change in switching was estimated, and the state-specific prevalence of adults who switched to e-cigarettes from traditional cigarettes was calculated and mapped...
November 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774012/a-review-on-development-and-applications-of-bio-inspired-superhydrophobic-textiles
#9
REVIEW
Ishaq Ahmad, Chi-Wai Kan
Bio-inspired engineering has been envisioned in a wide array of applications. All living bodies on Earth, including animals and plants, have well organized functional systems developed by nature. These naturally designed functional systems inspire scientists and engineers worldwide to mimic the system for practical applications by human beings. Researchers in the academic world and industries have been trying, for hundreds of years, to demonstrate how these natural phenomena could be translated into the real world to save lives, money and time...
November 3, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742231/different-resuscitation-strategies-and-novel-pharmacologic-treatment-with-valproic-acid-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
REVIEW
Simone E Dekker, Vahagn C Nikolian, Martin Sillesen, Ted Bambakidis, Patrick Schober, Hasan B Alam
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death in young adults, and effective treatment strategies have the potential to save many lives. TBI results in coagulopathy, endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, cell death, and impaired epigenetic homeostasis, ultimately leading to morbidity and/or mortality. Commonly used resuscitation fluids such as crystalloids or colloids have several disadvantages and might even be harmful when administered in large quantities. There is a need for next-generation treatment strategies (especially in the prehospital setting) that minimize cellular damage, improve survival, and enhance neurological recovery...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716352/fatal-and-non-fatal-injury-outcomes-results-from-a-purposively-sampled-census-of-seven-rural-subdistricts-in-bangladesh
#11
Olakunle Alonge, Priyanka Agrawal, Abu Talab, Qazi S Rahman, Akm Fazlur Rahman, Shams El Arifeen, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: 90% of the global burden of injuries is borne by low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, details of the injury burden in LMICs are less clear because of the scarcity of data and population-based studies. The Saving of Lives from Drowning project, implemented in rural Bangladesh, did a census on 1·2 million people to fill this gap. This Article describes the epidemiology of fatal and non-fatal injuries from the study. METHODS: In this study, we used data from the baseline census conducted as part of the Saving of Lives from Drowning (SoLiD) project...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697728/lower-mortality-is-observed-among-low-birth-weight-young-infants-who-have-received-home-based-care-by-female-community-health-volunteers-in-rural-nepal
#12
Dinesh Neupane, Penny Dawson, Robin Houston, Liladhar Dhakal, Jaganath Sharma, K C Gargi, Christina Lagos, Vishnu Khanal, Shiva Raj Mishra, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: There has been little success in attempts to reduce the proportion of births with low birth weight (LBW). However, deaths associated with LBW may be prevented with extra attention to warmth, feeding, and prevention or early treatment of infections. There are few studies on this in Nepal and in many other developing countries. This is a cohort study to evaluate the risk of deaths among LBW infants who received FCHV follow up visit for home-based care compared to those who did not receive in Rural Nepal...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661301/finished-with-menthol-an-evidence-based-policy-option-that-will-save-lives
#13
Joelle M Lester, Stacey Younger Gagosian
Smoking remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States, killing approximately 480,000 people each year. This crushing health burden falls disproportionately, and recent CDC data shows that large disparities in adult cigarette smoking remain. One factor in these disparities is the use of flavors. Menthol cigarettes and other flavored tobacco products are used at higher rates by vulnerable populations including youth and young adults, African Americans, women, Hispanics and Asian Americans...
March 2017: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616498/xenotransplantation-a-special-case-of-one-health
#14
REVIEW
Joachim Denner
The chronic shortage of human transplants to treat tissue and organ failure has led to the development of xenotransplantation, the transplantation of cells, tissues and organs from another species to human recipients. For a number of reasons, pigs are best suited as donor animals. Successful, routine xenotransplantation would have an enormous impact on the health of the human population, including the young, who sometimes require a replacement organ or islet cells, but especially the elderly, who more often suffer the consequences of organ failure...
June 2017: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562245/neurodevelopment-nutrition-and-inflammation-the-evolving-global-child-health-landscape
#15
REVIEW
Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Richard L Guerrant, Charles A Nelson
The last decade has witnessed major reductions in child mortality and a focus on saving lives with key interventions targeting major causes of child deaths, such as neonatal deaths and those due to childhood diarrhea and pneumonia. With the transition to Sustainable Development Goals, the global health community is expanding child health initiatives to address not only the ongoing need for reduced mortality, but also to decrease morbidity and adverse exposures toward improving health and developmental outcomes...
April 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476478/kids-learn-how-to-save-lives-in-the-school-with-the-serious-game-relive
#16
Federico Semeraro, Antonio Frisoli, Claudio Loconsole, Nicola Mastronicola, Fabio Stroppa, Giuseppe Ristagno, Andrea Scapigliati, Luca Marchetti, Erga Cerchiari
INTRODUCTION: Relive is a serious game focusing on increasing kids and young adults' awareness on CPR. We evaluated the use of Relive on schoolchildren. METHODS: A longitudinal, prospective study was carried out in two high schools in Italy over a 8-month period, divided in three phases: baseline, competition, and retention. Improvement in schoolchildren's CPR awareness, in terms of knowledge (MCQ results) and skills (chest compression (CC) rate and depth), was evaluated...
July 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416852/-first-aid-system-for-trauma-development-and-status
#17
D K Chen, W C Lin, P Zhang, S J Kuang, W Huang, T B Wang
With the great progress of the economy, the level of industrialization has been increasing year by year, which leads to an increase in accidental trauma accidents. Chinese annual death of trauma is already more than 400 000, which makes trauma the fifth most common cause of death, following malignant tumor, heart, brain and respiratory diseases. Trauma is the leading cause of the death of young adults. At the same time, trauma has become a serious social problem in peace time. Trauma throws great treats on human health and life...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400955/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-revised-who-guidelines-for-management-of-childhood-pneumonia-in-74-countdown-countries
#18
Shanshan Zhang, Beatrice Incardona, Shamim A Qazi, Karin Stenberg, Harry Campbell, Harish Nair
BACKGROUND: Treatment of childhood pneumonia is a key priority in low-income countries, with substantial resource implications. WHO revised their guidelines for the management of childhood pneumonia in 2013. We estimated and compared the resource requirements, total direct medical cost and cost-effectiveness of childhood pneumonia management in 74 countries with high burden of child mortality (Countdown countries) using the 2005 and 2013 revised WHO guidelines. METHODS: We constructed a cost model using a bottom up approach to estimate the cost of childhood pneumonia management using the 2005 and 2013 WHO guidelines from a public provider perspective in 74 Countdown countries...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396301/timely-digital-patient-clinician-communication-in-specialist-clinical-services-for-young-people-a-mixed-methods-study-the-lync-study
#19
Frances Griffiths, Carol Bryce, Jonathan Cave, Melina Dritsaki, Joseph Fraser, Kathryn Hamilton, Caroline Huxley, Agnieszka Ignatowicz, Sung Wook Kim, Peter K Kimani, Jason Madan, Anne-Marie Slowther, Mark Sujan, Jackie Sturt
BACKGROUND: Young people (aged 16-24 years) with long-term health conditions can disengage from health services, resulting in poor health outcomes, but clinicians in the UK National Health Service (NHS) are using digital communication to try to improve engagement. Evidence of effectiveness of this digital communication is equivocal. There are gaps in evidence as to how it might work, its cost, and ethical and safety issues. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to understand how the use of digital communication between young people with long-term conditions and their NHS specialist clinicians changes engagement of the young people with their health care; and to identify costs and necessary safeguards...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391968/bullying-victimization-and-suicide-ideation-and-behavior-among-adolescents-in-europe-a-10-country-study
#20
Shira Barzilay, Anat Brunstein Klomek, Alan Apter, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Gergö Hadlaczky, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Judit Balazs, Agnes Kereszteny, Romuald Brunner, Michael Kaess, Julio Bobes, Pilar Saiz, Doina Cosman, Christian Haring, Raphaela Banzer, Paul Corcoran, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Vita Postuvan, Tina Podlogar, Merike Sisask, Airi Varnik, Danuta Wasserman
PURPOSE: To examine risk and protective factors moderating the associations between three types of bullying victimization (physical, verbal, and relational bullying) with suicide ideation/attempts in a large representative sample of European adolescents. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data on 11,110 students (mean age = 14.9, standard deviation = .89) recruited from 168 schools in 10 European Union countries involved in the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe study...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
keyword
keyword
94383
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"