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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780028/induced-endometrial-trauma-endometrial-scratch-in-the-mid-luteal-menstrual-cycle-phase-preceding-first-cycle-ivf-icsi-versus-usual-ivf-icsi-therapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Clare Pye, Robin Chatters, Judith Cohen, Kate Brian, Ying C Cheong, Susan Laird, Lamiya Mohiyiddeen, Jonathan Skull, Stephen Walters, Tracey Young, Mostafa Metwally
INTRODUCTION: Endometrial trauma commonly known as endometrial scratch (ES) has been shown to improve pregnancy rates in women with a history of repeated implantation failure undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF), with or without intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). However, the procedure has not yet been fully explored in women having IVF/ICSI for the first time. This study aims to examine the effect of performing an ES in the mid-luteal phase prior to a first-time IVF/ICSI cycle on the chances of achieving a clinical pregnancy and live birth...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725587/do-programs-for-runaway-and-homeless-youth-work-a-qualitative-exploration-from-the-perspectives-of-youth-clients-in-diverse-settings
#2
Marya Gwadz, Robert M Freeman, Alexandra H Kutnick, Elizabeth Silverman, Amanda S Ritchie, Charles M Cleland, Noelle R Leonard, Aradhana Srinagesh, Jamie Powlovich, James Bolas
Runaway and homeless youth (RHY) comprise a large population of young people who reside outside the control and protection of parents and guardians and who experience numerous traumas and risk factors, but few buffering resources. Specialized settings have developed to serve RHY, but little is known about their effects. The present cross-sectional qualitative descriptive study, grounded in the positive youth development approach and the Youth Program Quality Assessment model, addressed this gap in the literature...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686992/the-history-of-in-vivo-tuberculin-testing-in-bovines-tuberculosis-a-one-health-issue
#3
REVIEW
Margaret Good, Douwe Bakker, Anthony Duignan, Daniel M Collins
Tuberculosis (TB) is more than 3 million years old thriving in multiple species. Ancestral Mycobacterium tuberculosis gave rise to multiple strains including Mycobacterium bovis now distributed worldwide with zoonotic transmission happening in both directions between animals and humans. M. bovis in milk caused problems with a significant number of deaths in children under 5 years of age due largely to extrapulmonary TB. This risk was effectively mitigated with widespread milk pasteurization during the twentieth century, and fewer young children were lost to TB...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668473/the-history-of-bone-tumour-treatment-and-the-state-of-the-art-in-vienna
#4
Rainer Kotz
PURPOSES: Bone tumours have been a tragedy for the patient in any time period. In the majority of the cases it occurs in children or young adults. In the past the affected limbs could not be spared and the overall prognosis was poor. METHODS: Chemotherapy successfully introduced for the purpose of overcoming the poor overall prognosis (Rosen and Jaffe) and tumour prostheses were invented for the purpose of salvaging the affected limbs (Marcove, Scales, Campanacci, Sivas, Salzer)...
December 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657366/not-by-bread-alone-lev-vygotsky-s-jewish-writings
#5
Ekaterina Zavershneva, René van der Veer
On the basis of both published and unpublished manuscripts written from 1914 to 1917, this article gives an overview of Lev Vygotsky's early ideas. It turns out that Vygotsky was very much involved in issues of Jewish culture and politics. Rather surprisingly, the young Vygotsky rejected all contemporary ideas to save the Jewish people from discrimination and persecution by creating an autonomous state in Palestine or elsewhere. Instead, until well into 1917, Vygotsky proposed the rather traditional option of strengthening the spiritual roots of the Jews by returning to the religious writings...
February 2018: History of the Human Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625623/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-delivery-of-school-based-smoking-prevention-interventions-for-children-and-young-people-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#6
Fiona Dobbie, Kathryn Angus, Hannah Littlecott, Karen Allum, Valerie Wells, Amanda Amos, Sally Haw, Linda Bauld
BACKGROUND: Despite a decline in child and adult smoking prevalence, young people who smoke (even occasionally) can rapidly become addicted to nicotine, with most adult smokers initiating smoking before they are 18. Schools have long been a popular setting to deliver youth smoking prevention interventions, but evidence of the effectiveness of school-based prevention programmes is mixed, and outcomes vary by the type of programme delivered. Existing systematic reviews that explore the factors contributing to the success or failure of school-based smoking prevention programmes often exclude qualitative studies, due to a focus on intervention effectiveness which qualitative research cannot answer...
April 6, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617514/early-intervention-service-for-young-people-with-psychosis-saving-young-lives
#7
Nikolai Albert, Trine Madsen, Merete Nordentoft
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558915/optima-nutrition-an-allocative-efficiency-tool-to-reduce-childhood-stunting-by-better-targeting-of-nutrition-related-interventions
#8
Ruth Pearson, Madhura Killedar, Janka Petravic, Jakub J Kakietek, Nick Scott, Kelsey L Grantham, Robyn M Stuart, David J Kedziora, Cliff C Kerr, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Meera Shekar, David P Wilson
BACKGROUND: Child stunting due to chronic malnutrition is a major problem in low- and middle-income countries due, in part, to inadequate nutrition-related practices and insufficient access to services. Limited budgets for nutritional interventions mean that available resources must be targeted in the most cost-effective manner to have the greatest impact. Quantitative tools can help guide budget allocation decisions. METHODS: The Optima approach is an established framework to conduct resource allocation optimization analyses...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508152/a-systematic-literature-review-of-technologies-for-suicidal-behavior-prevention
#9
REVIEW
Manuel A Franco-Martín, Juan Luis Muñoz-Sánchez, Beatriz Sainz-de-Abajo, Gema Castillo-Sánchez, Sofiane Hamrioui, Isabel de la Torre-Díez
Suicide is the second cause of death in young people. The use of technologies as tools facilitates the detection of individuals at risk of suicide thus allowing early intervention and efficacy. Suicide can be prevented in many cases. Technology can help people at risk of suicide and their families. It could prevent situations of risk of suicide with the technological evolution that is increasing. This work is a systematic review of research papers published in the last ten years on technology for suicide prevention...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473516/the-essential-role-of-primary-caregiver-in-early-detection-of-familial-hypercholesterolemia-and-cardiovascular-prevention
#10
REVIEW
Julie St-Pierre, Isabelle Ruel, Jacques Genest
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a worldwide common autosomal inherited condition associated with premature cardiovascular diseases, both in men and in women (World frequency has been recently estimated to be as high as 1:250). Identifying FH cases early in life could represent a cornerstone to prevent fatal events in adult's life. Pediatricians are well positioned to evaluate the familial cardiovascular risk factors among their young patients, to make a diagnosis and to perform familial screening. The goal of this paper is therefore to emphasize the recognition of this genetic condition at a younger age and to initiate both familial screening and a safe treatment...
2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442231/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-school-based-suicide-prevention-programmes
#11
Susan Ahern, Lee-Ann Burke, Brendan McElroy, Paul Corcoran, Elaine M McMahon, Helen Keeley, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Alan Apter, Judit Balazs, Raphaela Banzer, Julio Bobes, Romuald Brunner, Doina Cosman, Christian Haring, Michael Kaess, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Agnes Kereszteny, Vita Postuvan, Pilar A Sáiz, Peeter Varnik, Danuta Wasserman
Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among young people globally. In light of emerging evidence supporting the effectiveness of school-based suicide prevention programmes, an analysis of cost-effectiveness is required. We aimed to conduct a full cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) of the large pan-European school-based RCT, Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE). The health outcomes of interest were suicide attempt and severe suicidal ideation with suicide plans. Adopting a payer's perspective, three suicide prevention interventions were modelled with a Control over a 12-month time period...
February 14, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385139/can-simple-trachelectomy-or-conization-show-comparable-survival-rate-compared-with-radical-trachelectomy-in-ia1-cervical-cancer-patients-with-lymphovascular-space-invasion-who-wish-to-save-fertility-a-systematic-review-and-guideline-recommendation
#12
Seung-Hyuk Shim, Myong Cheol Lim, Hyun Jung Kim, Maria Lee, Eun Ji Nam, Jung Yun Lee, Yoo-Young Lee, Kwang Beom Lee, Jeong Yeol Park, Yun Hwan Kim, Kyung Do Ki, Yong Jung Song, Hyun Hoon Chung, Sunghoon Kim, Jeong-Won Lee, Jae-Weon Kim, Duk-Soo Bae, Jong-Min Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the published literatures on the effect of less radical fertility-preserving procedures, such as conization or simple trachelectomy, on oncological outcomes in IA1 cervical cancer patients with lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) through a systematic-review. METHODS: The EMBASE and MEDLINE databases and Cochrane Library were searched for published studies reporting the oncological outcomes of conization/simple trachelectomy in these patients, through April 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234521/mental-health-difficulties-and-suicidal-behaviours-among-young-migrants-multicentre-study-of-european-adolescents
#13
Elaine M McMahon, Paul Corcoran, Helen Keeley, Mary Cannon, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Marco Sarchiapone, Alan Apter, Judit Balazs, Raphaela Banzer, Julio Bobes, Romuald Brunner, Doina Cozman, Christian Haring, Michael Kaess, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Agnes Kereszteny, Ursa Mars Bitenc, Bogdan Nemes, Vita Poštuvan, Pilar A Sáiz, Merike Sisask, Alexandra Tubiana, Peeter Värnik, Christina W Hoven, Danuta Wasserman
Background: Migration has been reported to be associated with higher prevalence of mental disorders and suicidal behaviour. Aims: To examine the prevalence of emotional and behavioural difficulties, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among migrant adolescents and their non-migrant peers. Method: A school-based survey was completed by 11 057 European adolescents as part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) study. Results: A previous suicide attempt was reported by 386 (3...
November 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230336/metastatic-spinal-cord-compression-secondary-to-liver-cancer
#14
Daniel Gams Massi, Japhari Nyassinde, Ngor Side Diagne, Ramy Abdennaji, Kamadore Toure, Moustapha Ndiaye, Amadou Gallo Diop, Mouhamadou Mansour Ndiaye
Metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) is a medical emergency that requires rapid diagnosis and treatment to reduce pain, to preserve neurological functioning, and to prolong survival. The diagnosis of liver cancer is often neglected in the differential diagnosis of MSCC. Treatment is usually palliative and evolution is often fatal. This is a case report of a 28-year-old patient living in Mauritania hospitalized in November 2014 at the neurology department of Fann national teaching hospital in Dakar, for the management of a chronic dorsal spinal cord compression...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216755/explicit-motives-antecedents-and-consequences-of-direct-self-injurious-behaviors
#15
Avigal Snir, Alan Apter, Shira Barzilay, Dana Feldman, Eshkol Rafaeli, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Gergö Hadlaczky, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Danuta Wasserman
BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviors in adolescence are a serious public health concern. AIMS: The current study aims to expand our understanding of motives for direct self-injurious behaviors (D-SIB). We examined the explicit motives but also the actual antecedents and consequences of D-SIB over time. METHOD: As part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) study, adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 years from Israel completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, 3-month, and 12-month follow-ups...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167697/young-lives-disrupted-gender-and-well-being-among-adolescent-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#16
Jocelyn DeJong, Farah Sbeity, Jennifer Schlecht, Manale Harfouche, Rouham Yamout, Fouad M Fouad, Seema Manohar, Courtland Robinson
Background: The conflict in Syria that began in 2011 has resulted in the exodus of over 5 million Syrian refugees to neighbouring countries, with more than one million refugees currently registered by UNHCR in Lebanon. While some are living in tented settlements, the majority are living in strained conditions in rented accommodation or collective shelters in the Bekaa Valley next to Syria. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable in any crisis. In 2013-4, the American University in Beirut in collaboration with the Women's Refugee Commission, Johns Hopkins and Save the Children, sought to understand the specific experiences of very young adolescents, those 10-14 years of age, in this protracted crisis context...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158215/risk-stratification-in-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy
#17
REVIEW
Hugh Calkins, Domenico Corrado, Frank Marcus
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited cardiomyopathy characterized by ventricular arrhythmias and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. Although structural abnormalities of the right ventricle predominate, it is well recognized that left ventricular involvement is common, particularly in advanced disease, and that left-dominant forms occur. The pathological characteristic of ARVC is myocyte loss with fibrofatty replacement. Since the first detailed clinical description of the disorder in 1982, significant advances have been made in understanding this disease...
November 21, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959436/expanding-the-population-coverage-of-evidence-based-interventions-with-community-health-workers-to-save-the-lives-of-mothers-and-children-an-analysis-of-potential-global-impact-using-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#18
Victoria B Chou, Ingrid K Friberg, Mervyn Christian, Neff Walker, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: Evidence has been accumulating that community health workers (CHWs) providing evidence-based interventions as part of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) can lead to reductions in maternal, neonatal and child mortality. However, investments to strengthen and scale-up CHW programs still remain modest. METHODS: We used the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) to estimate the number of maternal, neonatal and child deaths and stillbirths that could be prevented if 73 countries effectively scaled up the population coverage of 30 evidence-based interventions that CHWs can deliver in these high-burden countries...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954441/developmental-assessments-during-injury-research-is-enrollment-of-very-young-children-in-cr%C3%A3-ches-associated-with-better-scores
#19
Divya Nair, Olakunle Alonge, Jena Derakhshani Hamadani, Shumona Sharmin Salam, Irteja Islam, Adnan A Hyder
The Developmental Study is part of a larger intervention on "saving of lives from drowning (SoLiD)" where children were enrolled either into crèches (daycare centers) or playpens to prevent drowning in rural Bangladesh. Sampling ~1000 children between the ages of 9-17 months, we compared problem-solving, communication, motor and personal-social outcomes assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire in the two interventions. After controlling for variables such as home stimulation in multivariate regressions, children in crèches performed about a quarter of a standard deviation better in total scores ( p < 0...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864130/characteristics-of-adults-who-switched-from-cigarette-smoking-to-e-cigarettes
#20
Su Hyun Park, Dustin T Duncan, Omar El Shahawy, Lily Lee, Jenni A Shearston, Kosuke Tamura, Scott E Sherman, Michael Weitzman
INTRODUCTION: Because of the rapidly increasing use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), this study aimed to investigate the individual characteristics and state-level prevalence of U.S. adults who have switched to e-cigarettes from traditional cigarettes. METHODS: Data from the 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 National Adult Tobacco Surveys were analyzed in 2016. Relative percent change in switching was estimated, and the state-specific prevalence of adults who switched to e-cigarettes from traditional cigarettes was calculated and mapped...
November 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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