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exercise and lipids

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811749/acute-cocoa-flavanols-intake-has-minimal-effects-on-exercise-induced-oxidative-stress-and-nitric-oxide-production-in-healthy-cyclists-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Lieselot Decroix, Cajsa Tonoli, Danusa Dias Soares, Amandine Descat, Marie-José Drittij-Reijnders, Antje R Weseler, Aalt Bast, Wilhelm Stahl, Elsa Heyman, Romain Meeusen
BACKGROUND: Cocoa flavanols (CF) can stimulate vasodilation by improved nitric oxide (NO) synthesis and have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacities. This study aimed to examine whether acute CF intake can affect exercise-induced changes in antioxidant capacity, oxidative stress, inflammation and NO production, as well as exercise performance and recovery in well-trained cyclists. METHODS: Twelve well-trained male cyclists (mean ± SD age, VO2max: 30 ± 3 years, 63...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811734/differential-response-to-exercise-in-african-americans-with-high-levels-of-inflammation
#2
Jan Kretzschmar, Dianne M Babbitt, Keith M Diaz, Deborah L Feairheller, Kathleen M Sturgeon, Amanda M Perkins-Ball, Sheara T Williamson, Chenyi Ling, Heather Grimm, Michael D Brown
PURPOSE: Systemic inflammation, measured by C-reactive protein (CRP), is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. We investigated whether aerobic exercise training (AEXT) affects African Americans with high inflammation (HI) the same way it does African Americans with low inflammation (LI) in terms of CVD risk factors. METHODS: 23 African Americans with CRP levels <3 mg/L (LI) and 14 African Americans with CRP ≥3 mg/L (HI) underwent six months of AEXT...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803675/the-yale-fitness-intervention-trial-in-female-cancer-survivors-cardiovascular-and-physiological-outcomes
#3
M Tish Knobf, Sangchoon Jeon, Barbara Smith, Lyndsay Harris, Siobhan Thompson, Mitchel R Stacy, Karl Insogna, Albert J Sinusas
BACKGROUND: Induced premature menopause and cardio-toxic therapy increase cardiovascular disease risk in female cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a 12 month aerobic-resistance fitness center intervention to home based physical activity on cardiovascular function and metabolic risk factors. METHODS: Subjects (N = 154) who had completed primary and/or adjuvant chemotherapy (past 3 years) were randomized to a fitness center intervention or a home based group...
August 10, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798859/amelioration-of-abnormalities-associated-with-the-metabolic-syndrome-by-spinacia-oleracea-spinach-consumption-and-aerobic-exercise-in-rats
#4
Vandana Panda, Kinjal Mistry, S Sudhamani, Mukesh Nandave, Shreesh Kumar Ojha
The present study evaluates the protective effects of an antioxidant-rich extract of Spinacea oleracea (NAOE) in abnormalities associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in rats. HPTLC of NAOE revealed the presence of 13 total antioxidants, 14 flavonoids, and 10 phenolic acids. Rats administered with fructose (20% w/v) in drinking water for 45 days to induce abnormalities of MetS received NAOE (200 and 400 mg/kg, po), the standard drug gemfibrozil (60 mg/kg, po), aerobic exercise (AE), and a combination of NAOE 400 mg/kg and AE (NAOEAE) daily for 45 days...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798202/aerobic-exercise-elevates-markers-of-angiogenesis-and-macrophage-il6-gene-expression-in-the-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-of-overweight-to-obese-adults
#5
Douglas W Van Pelt, Lisa M Guth, Jeffrey F Horowitz
Alterations in the inflammatory state, metabolic function, and structure of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) can impact the development of insulin resistance in obesity. Exercise can improve metabolic health in obesity, but the effects of exercise on SAT are not well known. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of acute exercise and habitual exercise training on mRNA expression of markers of lipid metabolism, inflammation, fibrosis, and hypoxia/angiogenesis in SAT, as well as adipocyte cell size...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797575/cardiovascular-risk-profile-in-burn-survivors
#6
Becky Leung, John F Younger, Kellie Stockton, Michael Muller, Jennifer Paratz
OBJECTIVE: Burn patients have prolonged derangements in metabolic, endocrine, cardiac and psychosocial systems, potentially impacting on their cardiovascular health. There are no studies on the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) after-burn. The aim of our study was to record lipid values and evaluate CVD risk in adult burn survivors. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study patients ≥18 years with burn injury between 18-80% total burn surface area (TBSA) from 1998 to 2012 had total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglycerides measured via finger prick...
August 7, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797402/the-identification-of-calcified-coronary-plaque-is-associated-with-initiation-and-continuation-of-pharmacological-and-lifestyle-preventive-therapies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Ankur Gupta, Emily Lau, Ravi Varshney, Edward A Hulten, Michael Cheezum, Marcio S Bittencourt, Michael J Blaha, Nathan D Wong, Roger S Blumenthal, Matthew J Budoff, Craig A Umscheid, Khurram Nasir, Ron Blankstein
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the odds of initiation or continuation of pharmacological and lifestyle preventive therapies in patients with nonzero versus zero coronary artery calcium (CAC) score detected on cardiac computed tomography. BACKGROUND: Detection of calcified coronary plaque could serve as a motivational tool for physicians and patients to intensify preventive therapies. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE (Excerpta Medica database), Web of Science, Cochrane CENTRAL (Cochrane central register of controlled trials), ClinicalTrials...
August 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797359/primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular%C3%A2-disease-in-diabetes-mellitus
#8
REVIEW
Jonathan D Newman, Arthur Z Schwartzbard, Howard S Weintraub, Ira J Goldberg, Jeffrey S Berger
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), the most common cause of death in T2D. Yet, <50% of U.S. adults with T2D meet recommended guidelines for CVD prevention. The burden of T2D is increasing: by 2050, approximately 1 in 3 U.S. individuals may have T2D, and patients with T2D will comprise an increasingly large proportion of the CVD population. The authors believe it is imperative that we expand the use of therapies proven to reduce CVD risk in patients with T2D...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797281/the-efficacy-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-on-the-improvement-of-walking-distance-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-with-intermittent-claudication-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-tens-pad-study
#9
Florent Besnier, Jean-Michel Sénard, Vincent Grémeaux, Mélanie Riédel, Damien Garrigues, Thibaut Guiraud, Marc Labrunée
BACKGROUND: In patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), walking improvements are often limited by early pain onset due to vascular claudication. It would thus appear interesting to develop noninvasive therapeutic strategies, such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), to improve the participation of PAD patients in rehabilitation programmes, and thus improve their quality of life. Our team recently tested the efficacy of a single 45-min session of 10-Hz TENS prior to walking...
August 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794374/gender-differences-in-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-preliminary-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-general-population-the-watari-study
#10
Tomomi Hattori, Satoshi Konno, Masanori Munakata
Objective In Japan, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and preliminary metabolic syndrome (preMetS) are more prevalent in men; however, it remains unclear whether the relationship between these metabolic disorders and lifestyle factors is similar between genders. Methods We examined waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting blood, and various lifestyle factors in 3,166 individuals aged from 30-79 years of age from the Japanese general population. MetS was diagnosed on the basis of central obesity - assessed by waist circumference - plus two or more of the following cardio-metabolic risks according to Japanese criteria: high blood pressure, hyperglycemia, and lipid abnormality...
August 10, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792851/high-intensity-interval-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-elicit-similar-enjoyment-and-adherence-levels-in-overweight-and-obese-adults
#11
Chantal A Vella, Katrina Taylor, Devin Drummer
BACKGROUND: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been shown to improve cardiometabolic health during supervised lab-based studies but adherence, enjoyment, and health benefits of HIIT performed independently are yet to be understood. We compared adherence, enjoyment, and cardiometabolic outcomes after 8 weeks of HIIT or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), matched for energy expenditure, in overweight and obese young adults. METHODS: 17 adults were randomized to HIIT or MICT...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791715/under-the-microscope-insights-into-limb-specific-lipid-droplet-metabolism
#12
K L Whytock, E F P Jevons, J A Strauss, S O Shepherd
Intramuscular triglyceride (IMTG) only accounts for a small proportion of total lipid in the human body. However, over the past two decades there has been significant interest in the area of IMTG metabolism, largely due to the contribution that IMTG makes to ATP production during moderate-intensity exercise, and the proposed role of IMTG in the development of skeletal muscle insulin resistance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 9, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782917/dairy-attenuates-weight-gain-to-a-similar-extent-as-exercise-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-high-sugar-diet
#13
Sarah K Trottier, Rebecca E K MacPherson, Carly M Knuth, Logan K Townsend, Willem T Peppler, John S Mikhaeil, Cam F Leveille, Paul J LeBlanc, Jane Shearer, Raylene A Reimer, David C Wright
OBJECTIVE: To compare the individual and combined effects of dairy and endurance exercise training in reducing weight gain and adiposity in a rodent model of diet-induced obesity. METHODS: An 8-week feeding intervention of a high-fat, high-sugar diet was used to induce obesity in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were then assigned to one of four groups for 6 weeks: (1) casein sedentary (casein-S), (2) casein exercise (casein-E), (3) dairy sedentary (dairy-S), and (4) dairy exercise (dairy-E)...
August 7, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777921/minimal-alteration-in-muscle-lipid-genes-following-stabilized-weight-loss
#14
Robert H Coker, Leizleigh Robinette, Philip A Kern
PURPOSE: Variations in skeletal muscle peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1∝), carntine palmitoyltransferase (CPT-1), perilipin protein (PLIN2), and adipose tissue triglyceride lipase (ATGL), and comparative gene identification-58 (CGI-58) have been described to play important roles in the metabolic regulation of lipid oxidation, and may influence intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) and muscle lipid droplet size (LDS). While acute changes in caloric balance and/or aerobic capacity may affect lipid metabolism, the influence of sustained weight loss derived from caloric restriction (CWL) compared to exercise training (EWL) on the above mentioned parameters has not been fully elucidated...
August 4, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776758/aerobic-exercise-blocks-interleukin-6-levels-and-germ-cell-apoptosis-in-obese-rats
#15
N-C Li, X-X Wei, Y-L Hu, X Hou, H Xu
To investigate the effect of a high-fat diet and aerobic exercise intervention and its related mechanism on rat germ cell apoptosis. Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group, high-fat diet group, control exercise group and high-fat exercise group. Rats were fed with high-fat diet or were given weight-free swimming. The levels of TG, TC, HDL, LDL and IL-6 in serum of rats were measured. The body weight, body length and inguinal fat weight were measured to calculate the Lee's index and lipid/body weight ratio...
August 3, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770948/curative-treatment-of-hypertension-by-physical-exercise
#16
M Lou, X-F Zong, L-L Wang
Hypertension, one of the most common chronic and sporadic conditions, figures among the important worldwide public-health challenges, and it is a major risk for heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and other complications, including dementia. Hypertension is neglected by individuals, and the prevalence of this condition continues to rise across the world. A great number of patients receiving medical intervention is not successfully treated, while adequate curative health services are dependent on the exact update data of the countrywide prevalence of known and undetected cases...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767482/high-intensity-exercise-induced-oxidative-stress-and-skeletal-muscle-damage-in-post-pubertal-boys-and-girls-a-comparative-study
#17
Sangita Pal, Biswajit Chaki, Sreya Chattopadhyay, Amit Bandyopadhyay
The purpose of this study was to examine the gender variation in high intensity exercise induced oxidative stress and muscle damage among 44 sedentary post-pubertal boys and girls through estimation of post exercise release pattern of muscle damage markers like creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alanine aminio transferase (ALT), Aspartate Aminotranferase (AST) and oxidative stress markers like extent of Lipid Peroxidation (TBARS) and Catalase (CAT) activity. Muscle damage markers like CK, LDH, ALT and AST were measured before, immediately after, 24 and 48 hours after high intensity incremental treadmill running...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765271/sirt6-regulates-metabolic-homeostasis-in-skeletal-muscle-through-activation-of-ampk
#18
Xiaona Cui, Lu Yao, Xiaoying Yang, Yong Gao, Fude Fang, Jun Zhang, Qinghua Wang, Yongsheng Chang
Due to the mass and functions in metabolism, skeletal muscle is one of major organs regulating whole-body metabolic homeostasis. SIRT6, a histone deacetylase, has been shown to regulate metabolism in liver and brain, however, its specific role in skeletal muscle is undetermined. In the present study we explored physiological function of SIRT6 in muscle. We generated a muscle-specific SIRT6 knockout mouse model. The mice with SIRT6 deficiency in muscle displayed impaired glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity, attenuated whole-body energy expenditure and weakened exercise performance...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761451/the-impact-of-educational-intervention-on-self-care-behaviors-in-overweight-hypertensive-women-a-randomized-control-trial
#19
Seyedeh Shahrbanoo Daniali, Ahmad Ali Eslami, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Javad Shahabi, Firoozeh Mostafavi-Darani
BACKGROUND: The improper control of self-care in hypertension imposes a lot of financial burden on the health-care system. On the other hand, the importance of participatory care and high effectiveness of self-management programs have been confirmed. This study was aimed to examine the effect of an educational intervention on self-efficacy, self-care behaviors and blood pressure (BP) of hypertensive obese or overweight women in the primary health-care setting in Isfahan, Iran. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was an educational intervention program...
January 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756746/nordic-walking-can-be-incorporated-in-the-exercise-prescription-to-increase-aerobic-capacity-strength-and-quality-of-life-for-elderly-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Valentina Bullo, Stefano Gobbo, Barbara Vendramin, Federica Duregon, Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Di Blasio, Danilo Sales Bocalini, Marco Zaccaria, Marco Bergamin, Andrea Ermolao
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize and analyze the effects of Nordic Walking on physical fitness, body composition and quality of life in the elderly. METHODS: keyword "Nordic Walking" associated with "elderly" AND/OR "aging" AND/OR "old subjects" AND/OR "aged" AND/OR "older adults" were used in the onlines database Medline, Embase, PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscus. Only studies written in English language and published in peer-reviewed journals were considered...
July 29, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
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