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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915483/factors-associated-with-sterilization-among-hiv-positive-us-women-in-an-urban-outpatient-clinic
#1
V T Raziano, A N Smoots, L B Haddad, K M Wall
This cross-sectional study sought to determine factors associated with sterilization among HIV-positive US women. HIV-positive women aged 18-45 completed an Audio Computer Assisted Self Interview (ACASI) questionnaire. Chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression evaluated factors associated with sterilization. The median age of the 187 participants was 37, the majority had at least a high school education, and 88% were African American. Nearly a quarter (22%) of women had undergone sterilization at an average age of 25; of these women, 71% cited their HIV-positive status as an important factor in deciding to have a tubal ligation, 22% expressed desire for future children, 32% reported sterilization regret, and 20% reported feeling pressure to undergo sterilization...
December 4, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900593/factors-associated-with-hepatitis-b-knowledge-among-vietnamese-americans-a-population-based-survey
#2
Janet N Chu, Phuoc V Le, Chris J Kennedy, Stephen J McPhee, Ching Wong, Susan L Stewart, Tung T Nguyen
Vietnamese Americans have high rates of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection but low rates of knowledge and screening. A population-based survey conducted in 2011 of Vietnamese Americans in two geographic areas (n = 1666) was analyzed. The outcome variables were having heard of HBV and a score summarizing knowledge of HBV transmission. Most respondents (86.0%) had heard of HBV. Correct knowledge of transmission ranged from 59.5% for sex, 68.1% for sharing toothbrushes, 78.6% for during birth, and 85.0% for sharing needles...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898175/interventions-for-promoting-participation-in-shared-decision-making-for-children-with-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Imelda Coyne, Dónal P O'Mathúna, Faith Gibson, Linda Shields, Edith Leclercq, Greg Sheaf
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the Cochrane systematic review of shared decision-making (SMD) making published in 2013. Children's rights to have their views heard in matters that affect their lives are now well established since the publication of the UN Convention treaty (1989). Children with cancer generally prefer to be involved in decision-making and consider it important that they have the opportunity to take part in decision-making concerning their health care, even in end-of-life decisions...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779945/hpv-awareness-knowledge-and-vaccination-attitudes-among-church-going-african-american-women
#4
Sarah B Maness, Lorraine R Reitzel, Kellie L Watkins, Lorna H McNeill
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this exploratory study was to improve understanding of the sociodemographic correlates of human papillomavirus (HPV) awareness, knowledge, and vaccination attitudes in a convenience sample of church-going, African-American women and how knowledge about HPV-related cancers relates to vaccination attitudes for girls and boys. METHODS: Participants (N = 308) answered survey questions about HPV awareness, knowledge, and vaccination attitudes...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734247/diverse-families-experiences-with-hpv-vaccine-information-sources-a-community-based-participatory-approach
#5
Djin Lai, Julia Bodson, France A Davis, Doriena Lee, Fahina Tavake-Pasi, Edwin Napia, Jeannette Villalta, Valentine Mukundente, Ryan Mooney, Heather Coulter, Louisa A Stark, Ana C Sanchez-Birkhead, Deanna Kepka
Current sources of publicly available human papillomavirus (HPV) information may not adequately meet the needs of diverse families. This study sought to describe associations between sociodemographic and acculturation factors, and sources of HPV information among diverse parents and caregivers. Community organizations purposively recruited participants from African American, African refugee, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander communities for a 21-item survey (N = 228)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690559/apa-council-reports
#6
(no author information available yet)
At the fall component meetings of the American Psychiatric Association in Crystal City, Va., September 14-17, 2016, the APA councils heard reports from their components. Following are summaries of the activities of the councils and their components.
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536928/using-community-feedback-to-improve-community-interventions-results-from-the-deep-south-network-for-cancer-control-project
#7
Theresa A Wynn, Sharon B Wyatt, Claudia M Hardy, Shundra S Walker, Tammi Floyd Thomas, Angela G Williams, Edward E Partridge
The Deep South Network for Cancer Control (DSNCC), initiated in 2000, is a dual-state, community-based participatory research infrastructure composed of academic and community partners committed to reducing cancer disparities among underserved African Americans in 12 designated counties of the Alabama Black Belt and the Mississippi Delta, 2 historically underserved areas of the country. Local residents trained as Community Health Advisors as Research Partners implemented a 3-tier community action plan (CAP) focused on promoting cancer screening, physical activity, and nutrition...
October 2016: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458724/international-evidence-based-medicine-survey-of-the-veterinary-profession-information-sources-used-by-veterinarians
#8
Selene J Huntley, Rachel S Dean, Andrew Massey, Marnie L Brennan
Veterinarians are encouraged to use evidence to inform their practice, but it is unknown what resources (e.g. journals, electronic sources) are accessed by them globally. Understanding the key places veterinarians seek information can inform where new clinically relevant evidence should most effectively be placed. An international survey was conducted to gain understanding of how veterinary information is accessed by veterinarians worldwide. There were 2137 useable responses to the questionnaire from veterinarians in 78 countries...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418473/current-procedural-terminology-history-structure-and-relationship-to-valuation-for-the-neuroradiologist
#9
T M Leslie-Mazwi, J A Bello, R Tu, G N Nicola, W D Donovan, R M Barr, J A Hirsch
The year 1965 was critical for US health care policy. In that year, Medicare was created as part of the Social Security Act under President Lyndon B. Johnson after several earlier attempts by Presidents Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman. In 1966, the American Medical Association first published a set of standard terms and descriptors to document medical procedures, known as Current Procedural Terminology, or CPT. Fifty years later, though providers have certainly heard the term "CPT code," most would benefit from an enhanced understanding of the historical basis, current structure, and relationship to valuation of Current Procedural Terminology...
July 14, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27180391/highlighting-hospital-and-patient-concerns-this-election-year
#10
Tom Nickels
Campaign 2016 is in full swing, and the American Hospital Association is seizing the opportunity to make sure the concerns of patients and hospitals are heard. On the front burner: escalating drug prices.
March 2016: Hospitals & Health Networks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084759/tuning-in-and-catching-on-examining-the-relationship-between-pandemic-communication-and-awareness-and-knowledge-of-mers-in-the-usa
#11
Leesa Lin, Rachel F McCloud, Cabral A Bigman, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
BACKGROUND: Large-scale influenza outbreaks over the last decade, such as SARS and H1N1, have brought to global attention the importance of emergency risk communication and prompted the international community to develop communication responses. Since pandemic outbreaks are relatively infrequent, there is a dearth of evidence addressing the following questions: (i) Have the resources invested in strategic and routine communication for past pandemic outbreaks yielded public health preparedness benefits? (ii) Have past efforts sensitized people to pay attention to new pandemic threats? The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) that was followed closely by major media outlets in the USA provides an opportunity to examine the relationship between exposure to public communication about epidemics and public awareness and knowledge about new risks...
April 15, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26994709/knowledge-of-and-attitudes-toward-evidence-based-guidelines-for-and-against-clinical-preventive-services-results-from-a-national-survey
#12
Paula M Lantz, W Douglas Evans, Holly Mead, Carmen Alvarez, Lisa Stewart
POLICY POINTS: Both the underuse and overuse of clinical preventive services relative to evidence-based guidelines are a public health concern. Informed consumers are an important foundation of many components of the Affordable Care Act, including coverage mandates for proven clinical preventive services recommended by the US Preventive Services Task Force. Across sociodemographic groups, however, knowledge of and positive attitudes toward evidence-based guidelines for preventive care are extremely low...
March 2016: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26757982/rare-variant-associations-with-waist-to-hip-ratio-in-european-american-and-african-american-women-from-the-nhlbi-exome-sequencing-project
#13
Mengyuan Kan, Paul L Auer, Gao T Wang, Kristine L Bucasas, Stanley Hooker, Alejandra Rodriguez, Biao Li, Jaclyn Ellis, L Adrienne Cupples, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Josée Dupuis, Caroline S Fox, Myron D Gross, Joshua D Smith, Nancy Heard-Costa, James B Meigs, James S Pankow, Jerome I Rotter, David Siscovick, James G Wilson, Jay Shendure, Rebecca Jackson, Ulrike Peters, Hua Zhong, Danyu Lin, Li Hsu, Nora Franceschini, Chris Carlson, Goncalo Abecasis, Stacey Gabriel, Michael J Bamshad, David Altshuler, Deborah A Nickerson, Kari E North, Leslie A Lange, Alexander P Reiner, Suzanne M Leal
Waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), a relative comparison of waist and hip circumferences, is an easily accessible measurement of body fat distribution, in particular central abdominal fat. A high WHR indicates more intra-abdominal fat deposition and is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Recent genome-wide association studies have identified numerous common genetic loci influencing WHR, but the contributions of rare variants have not been previously reported. We investigated rare variant associations with WHR in 1510 European-American and 1186 African-American women from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-Exome Sequencing Project...
August 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26659598/whatever-happened-to-human-experimentation
#14
Carl Elliott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26423493/apa-council-reports
#15
(no author information available yet)
At the fall component meetings of the American Psychiatric Association in Crystal City, Va., September 9-12, 2015, the APA councils heard reports from their components. Following are summaries of the activities of the councils and their components.
October 2015: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26284642/the-national-incidence-and-resource-utilization-of-burn-injuries-sustained-while-smoking-on-home-oxygen-therapy
#16
Evangelia M Assimacopoulos, Junlin Liao, Jason P Heard, Karen M Kluesner, Jeffrey Wilson, Lucy A Wibbenmeyer
Considerable risk of burn injury exists for those patients on home oxygen therapy (HOT) who continue to smoke. In this study, the authors sought to establish the national incidence of burns incurred while smoking on HOT and to determine the resource utilization and sequelae of these injuries. A retrospective review of the American Burn Association's National Burn Repository was conducted to identify patients burned while on HOT during the years 2002 to 2011. Duplicate entries, as well as records of follow-up visits and readmissions, were removed...
January 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26129779/medical-school-experiences-associated-with-change-in-implicit-racial-bias-among-3547-students-a-medical-student-changes-study-report
#17
Michelle van Ryn, Rachel Hardeman, Sean M Phelan, Diana J Burgess, John F Dovidio, Jeph Herrin, Sara E Burke, David B Nelson, Sylvia Perry, Mark Yeazel, Julia M Przedworski
BACKGROUND: Physician implicit (unconscious, automatic) bias has been shown to contribute to racial disparities in medical care. The impact of medical education on implicit racial bias is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between change in student implicit racial bias towards African Americans and student reports on their experiences with 1) formal curricula related to disparities in health and health care, cultural competence, and/or minority health; 2) informal curricula including racial climate and role model behavior; and 3) the amount and favorability of interracial contact during school...
December 2015: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26072261/colorectal-cancer-screening-among-foreign-born-south-asians-in-the-metropolitan-new-york-new-jersey-region
#18
Sharon Manne, Michael B Steinberg, Cristine Delnevo, Rajiv Ulpe, Kristen Sorice
The goal of this study was to examine colorectal cancer (CRC) screening practices and factors associated with CRC screening among foreign-born South Asians living in the metropolitan New York-New Jersey area. Two hundred and eight men and women recruited from community settings in the New York and New Jersey metropolitan area completed a questionnaire that included demographics, CRC screening practices, health care access and practices, attitudes about the health care system, primary care physician support for CRC screening, cultural factors, and attitudes about CRC screening and CRC worry...
December 2015: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25732156/awareness-of-breast-density-and-its-impact-on-breast-cancer-detection-and-risk
#19
Deborah J Rhodes, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Jeanette Y Ziegenfuss, Sarah M Jenkins, Celine M Vachon
PURPOSE: Legislation mandating disclosure of breast density (BD) information has passed in 21 states; however, actual awareness of BD and knowledge of its impact on breast cancer detection and risk are unknown. METHODS: We conducted a national cross-sectional survey administered in English and Spanish using a probability-based sample of screening-age women, with oversampling of Connecticut, the only state with BD legislation in effect for > 1 year before the survey...
April 1, 2015: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25700651/predictors-of-human-papillomavirus-awareness-and-knowledge-in-2013-gaps-and-opportunities-for-targeted-communication-strategies
#20
Kelly D Blake, Allison J Ottenbacher, Lila J Finney Rutten, Meredith A Grady, Sarah C Kobrin, Robert M Jacobson, Bradford W Hesse
BACKGROUND: Nearly 80 million people in the U.S. are currently infected with at least one of two strains of human papillomavirus (HPV), which is associated with 70% of cervical cancers. Greater cervical cancer mortality has been observed among women of lower SES and those living in rural, versus urban, areas. African American and Hispanic women are significantly more likely to die from cervical cancer than non-Hispanic white women. PURPOSE: To assess current population awareness of and knowledge about HPV and the HPV vaccine, as well as the contribution of sociodemographic characteristics to disparities in HPV awareness and knowledge...
April 2015: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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