Read by QxMD icon Read

hen ovary

Richard K Gast, Rupa Guraya, Deana R Jones, Jean Guard, Kenneth E Anderson, Darrin M Karcher
Contaminated eggs produced by infected commercial laying flocks are often implicated as sources of human infections with Salmonella Enteritidis, but Salmonella serovars Heidelberg and Typhimurium have also been associated with egg-transmitted illness. Contamination of the edible contents of eggs is a consequence of the colonization of reproductive tissues in systemically infected hens. In recent years, the animal welfare implications of diverse poultry housing and management systems have been vigorously debated, but the food safety significance of laying hen housing remains uncertain...
October 4, 2016: Poultry Science
Youssef A Attia, Abd El-Hamid E Abd El-Hamid, Ahmed A Abedalla, Marfat A Berika, Mohammed A Al-Harthi, Osman Kucuk, Kazim Sahin, Baha M Abou-Shehema
Heat stress had a negative effect on laying hens' performance, thus this research was to study the influences of betaine (Bet, 1000 mg/kg betaine), vitamin C (VC, 200 mg/kg ascorbic acid), and vitamin E (VE, 150 mg/kg α-Tocopherol acetate) and their possible combinations on egg production, digestibility of nutrients, plasma hormones and reproductive organs of dual-purpose hens exposed to chronic heat stress. Two hundred and eighty eight hens and thirty-six cocks from 32 to 48 weeks of age were divided into nine treatment groups of four replicates, each containing eight hens and one cock...
2016: SpringerPlus
Simone Stoute, Richard Chin, Beate Crossley, C Gabriel Sentíes-Cué, Arthur Bickford, Mary Pantin-Jackwood, Richard Breitmeyer, Annette Jones, Silvia Carnaccini, H L Shivaprasad
In January 2015, a highly pathogenic Eurasian lineage H5N8 avian influenza (AI) virus (AIV) was detected in a commercial meat turkey flock in Stanislaus County, CA. Approximately 3 wk later, a similar case was diagnosed in commercial brown layers from a different company located in Kings County, CA. Five 14-wk-old turkey hens were submitted to the California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System (CAHFS), Turlock, and eleven 12-wk-old chickens were submitted to CAHFS, Tulare laboratory due to an acute increase in flock mortality...
September 2016: Avian Diseases
Qi Zhong, Yan-Xin Hu, Ji-Hui Jin, Ye Zhao, Jing Zhao, Guo-Zhong Zhang
Avian infectious bronchitis is an economically important poultry disease caused by avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). IBV isolate YN is a virulent strain, which is genetically similar to most of the prevalent strains in China. In this study, 21-day-old commercial laying hens were infected with IBV strain YN. The damaging effects of the virus on the reproductive organs were evaluated with clinical observations, gross autopsy and histopathological examinations during the 100-day monitoring period post infection...
September 25, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Zhichao Lyu, Ning Qin, Thobela Louis Tyasi, Hongyan Zhu, Dehui Liu, Shuguo Yuan, Rifu Xu
The Hippo/MST signaling pathway is a critical player in controlling cell proliferation, self-renewal, differentiation, and apoptosis of most tissues and organs in diverse species. Previous studies have shown that Salvador homolog 1 (SAV1), a scaffolding protein which functions in the signaling system is expressed in mammalian ovaries and play a vital role in governing the follicle development. But the exact biological effects of chicken SAV1 in prehierarchical follicle development remain poorly understood. In the present study, we demonstrated that the SAV1 protein is predominantly expressed in the oocytes and undifferentiated granulosa cells in the various sized prehierarchical follicles of hen ovary, and the endogenous expression level of SAV1 mRNA appears down-regulated from the primordial follicles to the largest preovulatory follicles (F2-F1) by immunohistochemistry and real-time RT-PCR, respectively...
2016: PloS One
Animesh Barua, Seby L Edassery, Sa'Rah McNeal, Janice M Bahr, Pincas Bitterman, Sanjib Basu, Sameer Sharma, Jacques S Abramowicz
OBJECTIVE: The lack of an effective early detection test leads to high case to death ratio of women with ovarian cancer (OVCA). To improve early detection, tumor-associated imaging targets need to be established and imaging agents to image these targets need to be developed. Targeted imaging agents offer potential for improvement of signal intensities from their targets. Expression of death receptor 6 (DR6) by ovarian malignant cells and tumor-associated microvessels increases during OVCA development and represents a novel target for ultrasound imaging...
October 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Kannan V Balan, Elmer C Bigley, Dennis W Gaines, Uma S Babu
Evaluating the potential of Salmonella serovars for tissue colonization and egg contamination in laying hens is critical due to widespread consumption of poultry and egg-containing products. The 2009 FDA Egg Rule was implemented to target the eradication of Salmonella enterica Enteritidis (SE) from layers; however, other Salmonella serovars, such as Heidelberg (SH) and Typhimurium (ST), have also been associated with poultry-related outbreaks. We conducted this study to see if serovars other than SE could colonize in laying hens, cause egg contamination, and modulate circulating T-cell populations...
July 14, 2016: Poultry Science
W Lim, G Song
Tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT) catalyzes the transamination of tyrosine to p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate. Accumulation of tyrosine in the body due to a genetic mutation in the TAT gene causes tyrosomia type II in humans. The TAT gene is regarded as a model for studying steroid-inducible factors regulating a variety of biological functions of TAT. However, little is known of the effects of estrogen on the expression of the TAT gene in chickens. Therefore, in the present study, we identified expression of the avian TAT gene in various organs...
October 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
S Marisela Ahumada-Solórzano, Carlos G Martínez-Moreno, Martha Carranza, José Ávila-Mendoza, José Luis Luna-Acosta, Steve Harvey, Maricela Luna, Carlos Arámburo
It is known that growth hormone (GH) and its receptor (GHR) are expressed in granulosa cells (GC) and thecal cells during the follicular development in the hen ovary, which suggests GH is involved in autocrine/paracrine actions in the female reproductive system. In this work, we show that the knockdown of local ovarian GH with a specific cGH siRNA in GC cultures significantly decreased both cGH mRNA expression and GH secretion to the media, and also reduced their proliferative rate. Thus, we analyzed the effect of ovarian GH and recombinant chicken GH (rcGH) on the proliferation of pre-hierarchical GCs in primary cultures...
August 1, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
M Bozkurt, E Bintaş, Ş Kırkan, H Akşit, K Küçükyılmaz, G Erbaş, M Çabuk, D Akşit, U Parın, G Ege, B Koçer, K Seyrek, A E Tüzün
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of feed-grade preparations of mannan oligosaccharides ( MOS: ) and oregano essential oil ( OEO: ) in forced molted or fully fed 82-week-old, laying hens. A 2 × 3 factorial experiment investigated the influence of molting vs. full feeding and dietary supplements [i.e., unsupplemented control, MOS (1 g/kg) diet, and OEO (24 mg/kg) diet] on production parameters, egg quality, serum stress indicators, blood constituents, tibial characteristics, liver antioxidant status, and cecal microflora composition...
May 3, 2016: Poultry Science
Wei-Dong Zhang, Yong Zhao, Hong-Fu Zhang, Shu-Kun Wang, Zhi-Hui Hao, Jing Liu, Yu-Qing Yuan, Peng-Fei Zhang, Hong-Di Yang, Wei Shen, Lan Li
Granulosa cells (GCs) are those somatic cells closest to the female germ cell. GCs play a vital role in oocyte growth and development, and the oocyte is necessary for multiplication of a species. Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) readily cross biologic barriers to be absorbed into biologic systems that make them promising candidates as food additives. The objective of the present investigation was to explore the impact of intact NPs on gene expression and the functional classification of altered genes in hen GCs in vivo, to compare the data from in vivo and in vitro studies, and finally to point out the adverse effects of ZnO NPs on the reproductive system...
August 2016: Theriogenology
Hen Honig, Lior Ofer, Moshe Kaim, Shamay Jacobi, Dima Shinder, Eran Gershon
The use of ultrasound imaging for the examination of reproductive organs has contributed substantially to the fertility management of dairy cows around the world. This method has many advantages such as noninvasiveness and immediate availability of information. Adding Doppler index to the ultrasound imaging examination, improved the estimation of blood volume and flow rate to the ovaries in general and to the dominant follicle in particular. The aim of this study was to examine changes in the blood flow to the dominant follicle and compare them to the follicular development throughout the cycle...
July 15, 2016: Theriogenology
Dongwon Kim, Alan L Johnson
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) signaling via cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) is reported to stimulate steroidogenesis in ovarian granulosa cells from a variety of vertebrate species, including the domestic hen. Prior to follicle selection in the hen ovary (i.e., cyclic recruitment) follicle-stimulating-hormone (FSH)-induced cAMP signaling is absent within the granulosa layer until immediately following follicle selection. As a consequence, granulosa cells remain in an undifferentiated state and are unable to initiate FSH-induced steroidogenesis...
May 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Zhenjie Yuan, Yuxia Chen, Qiuyue Chen, Miao Guo, Li Kang, Guiyu Zhu, Yunliang Jiang
Extracelluar matrix undergoes constant remodeling, cell-cell, and cell-matrix interactions during chicken ovarian follicle growth, which is coordinated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and their associated endogenous inhibitors (TIMPs). Transcriptome analysis revealed upregulation of MMP13 in sexually mature chicken ovaries. In this study, we found that the expression of MMP13 in chicken ovary was stably elevated from 60 d to 159 d, and was significantly higher at 159 d than at the other three developmental stages (P < 0...
2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
I I Abdul-Rahman, F Y Obese, J E Robinson, B Awumbila, I A Jeffcoate
The study documented gross anatomical and histological differences in the reproductive organs of 28 breeding and non-breeding female guinea fowls. Peripheral progesterone and 17β-oestradiol concentrations were also compared in breeding and non-breeding hens. In non-breeding females, all ovarian and oviducal gross anatomical features had significantly regressed. Histologically, some of the changes in a regressing oviduct include systematic changes in height and size of all epithelial cells in all regions of the duct, absence/sparse ciliation of portions of surface epithelium in the magnum, isthmian and uterine regions, general loss of cytoplasmic mass, reduction in size and degeneration of tubular glands...
April 2016: British Poultry Science
R E Caicedo Rivas, M Paz-Calderón Nieto, M Kamiyoshi
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of testosterone (T) and estradiol-17β (E2) on the production of progesterone (P4) by granulosa cells, and of the E2 on the production of P4 and T by theca internal cells. In the first experiment, granulosa cells isolated from the largest (F1) and third largest (F3) preovulatory follicle were incubated for 4 h in short-term culture system, P4 production by granulosa cells of both F1 and F3 was increased in a dose-dependent manner by ovine luteinizing hormone (oLH), but not T or E2...
April 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
N Nakao, H Kaneda, N Tsushima, M Tanaka
Acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase (EC catalyzes the cleavage of acetoacetyl-CoA into acetyl-CoA and its reverse reaction, the synthesis of acetoacetyl-CoA. Cytosolic acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase ( CT: ) is a key enzyme in the initial step of the cholesterol synthesis pathway. In the present study, we characterized the amino acid sequence of chicken CT and the tissue distribution of its mRNA and protein, together with their developmental changes in the liver. The amino acid sequence encoded by the nucleotide sequence of chicken CT cDNA showed a higher overall identity with those of human (74...
June 1, 2016: Poultry Science
Richard K Gast, Rupa Guraya, Deana R Jones, Kenneth E Anderson, Darrin M Karcher
Epidemiologic analyses have linked the frequency of human infections with Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Enteritidis to the consumption of contaminated eggs and thus to the prevalence of this pathogen in commercial egg-laying flocks. Contamination of the edible contents of eggs by Salmonella Enteritidis is a consequence of the colonization of reproductive tissues in systemically infected hens. The animal welfare implications of laying hen housing systems have been widely debated, but no definitive consensus has yet emerged about the food safety significance of poultry housing options...
June 1, 2016: Poultry Science
Anushka Dikshit, Chunqi Gao, Carrie Small, Karen Hales, Dale Buchanan Hales
Flaxseed has been studied for decades for its health benefits that include anti-cancer, cardio-protective, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory properties. The biologically active components that mediate these effects are the omega-3 fatty acids and the lignan, secoisolariciresinol diglucoside. We have previously shown that whole flaxseed supplemented diet decreases the severity and incidence of ovarian cancer while a 15% dose of flaxseed is most protective against inflammation and estrogen-induced chemical and genotoxicity...
May 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Zu-Chen Liu, Chia-Ming Su, Yi-Lun Xie, Chai-Ju Chang, Jiang-Young Chen, Shu-Wei Wu, Yu-Hui Chen, Rosemary L Walzem, San-Yuan Huang, Shuen-Ei Chen
Meat-type Red-feather country hens fed ad libitum (AD-hens) exhibit obesity-associated morbidities and a number of ovarian irregularities. Leukocyte participations in ovarian activities are unstudied in AD-hens. In contrast to feed-restricted hens (R-hens), ovulatory process of the F1 follicle appeared delayed in AD-hens in association with reduced F1 follicle progesterone content, gelatinase A (MMP-2) and collagenase-3 (MMP-13) activities coincident with elevated IL-1β and no production (P<0.05), and increased leukocyte infiltration of inflamed necrotic follicle walls...
April 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"