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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242846/high-prevalence-of-dyslipidemia-among-primary-care-patients-with-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-jamaica
#1
Michelle A Harris, Trevor S Ferguson, Michael S Boyne, J Peter Figueroa
Introduction: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia among primary care patients with hypertension and diabetes in Jamaica and the proportion of patients who achieve recommended targets. Material and methods: An audit of 500 dockets of adult patients with chronic disease attending public primary care clinics in Jamaica was conducted between October and December 2013. Data were collected on patient characteristics including medical history, medications, anthropometry, and lipid profiles (since January 1, 2011)...
2017: Archives of Medical Sciences. Atherosclerotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236710/the-burden-of-obesity-in-women-of-reproductive-age-and-in-pregnancy-in-a-middle-income-setting-a-population-based-study-from-jamaica
#2
Lovney Kanguru, Affette McCaw-Binns, Jacqueline Bell, Novie Yonger-Coleman, Rainford Wilks, Julia Hussein
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is rising globally and is associated with increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study aims to investigate overweight and obesity and its consequences among Jamaican women of reproductive age, particularly development of diabetes, hypertension and the risk of maternal death. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A national lifestyle survey (2007/8) of 1371 women of reproductive age provided data on the prevalence of high BMI, associated risk factors and co-morbidities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187967/highly-contrasted-population-genetic-structures-in-a-host-parasite-pair-in-the-caribbean-sea
#3
Quentin Jossart, Chantal De Ridder, Harilaos A Lessios, Mathieu Bauwens, Sébastien Motreuil, Thierry Rigaud, Rémi A Wattier, Bruno David
Evolution and population genetic structure of marine species across the Caribbean Sea are shaped by two complex factors: the geological history and the present pattern of marine currents. Characterizing and comparing the genetic structures of codistributed species, such as host-parasite associations, allow discriminating the relative importance of environmental factors and life history traits that influenced gene flow and demographic events. Using microsatellite and Cytochrome Oxidase I markers, we investigated if a host-parasite pair (the heart urchin Meoma ventricosa and its parasitic pea crab Dissodactylus primitivus) exhibits comparable population genetic structures in the Caribbean Sea and how the observed patterns match connectivity regions from predictive models and other taxa...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135974/early-meteorological-records-from-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-during-the-18th-and-19th-centuries
#4
Fernando Domínguez-Castro, José Manuel Vaquero, María Cruz Gallego, Ana María Marín Farrona, Juan Carlos Antuña-Marrero, Erika Elizabeth Cevallos, Ricardo García Herrera, Cristina de la Guía, Raúl David Mejía, José Manuel Naranjo, María Del Rosario Prieto, Luis Enrique Ramos Guadalupe, Lizardo Seiner, Ricardo Machado Trigo, Marcos Villacís
This paper provides early instrumental data recovered for 20 countries of Latin-America and the Caribbean (Argentina, Bahamas, Belize, Brazil, British Guiana, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, France (Martinique and Guadalupe), Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador and Suriname) during the 18th and 19th centuries. The main meteorological variables retrieved were air temperature, atmospheric pressure, and precipitation, but other variables, such as humidity, wind direction, and state of the sky were retrieved when possible...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114966/a-cross-sectional-clinic-based-study-exploring-whether-variants-within-the-glutathione-s-transferase-haptoglobin-and-uridine-5-diphosphoglucuronosyl-transferase-1a1-genes-are-associated-with-inter-individual-phenotypic-variation-in-sickle-cell-anaemia-in-jamaica
#5
Sharon Howell, Kwesi Marshall, Marvin Reid, Norma McFarlane-Anderson, Colin McKenzie
OBJECTIVES: To explore putative associations between specific variants in either the glutathione S-transferase (GST), haptoglobin (HP), or uridine 5'-diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) genes and clinically important phenotypes in sickle cell anaemia (HbSS). METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-one HbSS participants were recruited from the Sickle Cell Clinic of the Sickle Cell Unit at the University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica. Markers within four GST superfamily genes, the HP gene, and the UGT1A1 gene were analyzed using PCR-based assays...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094762/positive-discipline-harsh-physical-discipline-physical-discipline-and-psychological-aggression-in-five-caribbean-countries-associations-with-preschoolers-early-literacy-skills
#6
Elif Dede Yildirim, Jaipaul L Roopnarine
Physical punishment has received worldwide attention because of its negative impact on children's cognitive and social development and its implications for children's rights. Using UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys 4 and 5 data, we assessed the associations between positive discipline, harsh physical punishment, physical punishment and psychological aggression and preschoolers' literacy skills in 5628 preschool-aged children and their caregivers in the developing nations of Belize, the Dominican Republic, Guyana, Jamaica and Suriname...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065510/an-investigation-of-the-antioxidant-capacity-in-extracts-from-moringa-oleifera-plants-grown-in-jamaica
#7
Racquel J Wright, Ken S Lee, Hyacinth I Hyacinth, Jacqueline M Hibbert, Marvin E Reid, Andrew O Wheatley, Helen N Asemota
Moringa oleifera trees grow well in Jamaica and their parts are popularly used locally for various purposes and ailments. Antioxidant activities in Moringa oleifera samples from different parts of the world have different ranges. This study was initiated to determine the antioxidant activity of Moringa oleifera grown in Jamaica. Dried and milled Moringa oleifera leaves were extracted with ethanol/water (4:1) followed by a series of liquid-liquid extractions. The antioxidant capacities of all fractions were tested using a 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay...
October 23, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049279/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-related-to-ebola-virus-disease-at-the-end-of-a-national-epidemic-guinea-august-2015
#8
Mohamed F Jalloh, Susan J Robinson, Jamaica Corker, Wenshu Li, Kathleen Irwin, Alpha M Barry, Paulyne Ngalame Ntuba, Alpha A Diallo, Mohammad B Jalloh, James Nyuma, Musa Sellu, Amanda VanSteelandt, Megan Ramsden, LaRee Tracy, Pratima L Raghunathan, John T Redd, Lise Martel, Barbara Marston, Rebecca Bunnell
Health communication and social mobilization efforts to improve the public's knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding Ebola virus disease (Ebola) were important in controlling the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic in Guinea (1), which resulted in 3,814 reported Ebola cases and 2,544 deaths.* Most Ebola cases in Guinea resulted from the washing and touching of persons and corpses infected with Ebola without adequate infection control precautions at home, at funerals, and in health facilities (2,3). As the 18-month epidemic waned in August 2015, Ebola KAP were assessed in a survey among residents of Guinea recruited through multistage cluster sampling procedures in the nation's eight administrative regions (Boké, Conakry, Faranah, Kankan, Kindia, Labé, Mamou, and Nzérékoré)...
October 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043109/multigene-phylogeny-of-the-scyphozoan-jellyfish-family-pelagiidae-reveals-that-the-common-u-s-atlantic-sea-nettle-comprises-two-distinct-species-chrysaora-quinquecirrha-and-c-chesapeakei
#9
Keith M Bayha, Allen G Collins, Patrick M Gaffney
BACKGROUND: Species of the scyphozoan family Pelagiidae (e.g., Pelagia noctiluca, Chrysaora quinquecirrha) are well-known for impacting fisheries, aquaculture, and tourism, especially for the painful sting they can inflict on swimmers. However, historical taxonomic uncertainty at the genus (e.g., new genus Mawia) and species levels hinders progress in studying their biology and evolutionary adaptations that make them nuisance species, as well as ability to understand and/or mitigate their ecological and economic impacts...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038650/kinship-support-in-jamaican-families-in-the-usa-and-jamaica
#10
Ivy Forsythe-Brown, Robert Joseph Taylor, Linda M Chatters, Ishtar O Govia, Niki Matusko, James S Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of African American Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031557/regulation-of-hc11-mouse-breast-epithelial-cell-differentiation-by-the-e-cadherin-rac-axis
#11
Maximilian Niit, Rozanne Arulanandam, Jamaica Cass, Mulu Geletu, Victoria Hoskin, Graham Côté, Patrick Gunning, Bruce Elliott, Leda Raptis
It was previously demonstrated that differentiation of some established breast epithelial cell lines requires confluence and stimulation with hydrocortisone, insulin and prolactin inducers. We and others previously demonstrated that E-cadherin engagement, which is favored under conditions of confluence, increases the levels and activity of the Rac small GTPase. To investigate the functional relationship between the transforming ability of Rac and its role as an integral component of the differentiative E-cadherin signaling pathway, we introduced a mutationally activated form of Rac, Rac(V12), into the mouse breast epithelium-derived cell line, HC11...
October 13, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026375/sexual-risk-behavior-among-hiv-positive-persons-in-jamaica
#12
Butho Ncube, Jessica Ansong, Kewanna Daniels, Dianne Campbell-Stennett, Pauline E Jolly
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS remains a global public health challenge, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean. Sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive persons place their partners at risk for HIV transmission and other sexually transmitted infections. Stopping transmission acts among HIV-positive people is crucial in reversing HIV incidence. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence and predictors of sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive individuals in clinical care in Northwestern Jamaica...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980750/computer-vision-syndrome-and-ergonomic-practices-among-undergraduate-university-students
#13
Lizette Mowatt, Carron Gordon, Arvind Babu Rajendra Santosh, Thaon Jones
AIM: To determine the prevalence of computer vision syndrome (CVS) and ergonomic practices among students in the Faculty of Medical Sciences at The University of the West Indies (UWI), Jamaica. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was done with a self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: Four hundred and nine students participated; 78% were females. The mean age was 21.6 years. Neck pain (75.1%), eye strain (67%), shoulder pain (65.5%) and eye burn (61...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971701/high-prevalence-of-psychiatric-and-substance-use-disorders-among-persons-seeking-treatment-for-hiv-and-other-stis-in-jamaica-a-short-report
#14
Sharlene Beckford Jarrett, Winston De La Haye, Zahra Miller, J Peter Figueroa, Jacqueline Duncan, Kevin Harvey
This cross-sectional study explored the range of psychiatric and substance use disorders and unmet need for mental health care among 84 HIV-positive and 44 HIV-negative public clinic attendees in Jamaica. We used a brief interviewer-administered diagnostic tool, the Client Diagnostic Questionnaire. Two-thirds (65.6%) screened positive for at least one psychiatric disorder; 30.5% screened positive for multiple disorders. The most common disorders were post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (41.4%), alcohol abuse (22...
October 3, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969112/pre-analytical-errors-at-the-chemical-pathology-laboratory-of-a-teaching-hospital
#15
Marlene A Tapper, James C Pethick, Lowell L Dilworth, Donovan A McGrowder
INTRODUCTION: The Chemical Pathology Laboratory at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) processes specimens received from inpatients, the outpatient department and other medical facilities in Jamaica. Specific rejection criteria are used to determine samples unsuitable for analysis. It has been noted that despite efforts to reduce the number of unacceptable samples received in the laboratory, the problem persists. AIM: The study seeks to provide empirical evidence of the inadequacies from which improvements can be formulated...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959639/assessment-of-the-potential-health-risks-associated-with-the-aluminium-arsenic-cadmium-and-lead-content-in-selected-fruits-and-vegetables-grown-in-jamaica
#16
Johann M R Antoine, Leslie A Hoo Fung, Charles N Grant
Thirteen Jamaican-grown food crops - ackee (Blighia sapida), banana (Musa acuminate), cabbage (Brassica oleracea), carrot (Daucus carota), cassava (Manihot esculenta), coco (Xanthosoma sagittifolium), dasheen (Colocasia esculenta), Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum), pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo), sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum), sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) and turnip (Brassica rapa) - were analysed for aluminium, arsenic, cadmium and lead by atomic absorption spectrophotometry and instrumental neutron activation analysis...
2017: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954118/case-for-diagnosis-infective-dermatitis-associated-with-htlv-1-differential-diagnosis-of-atopic-dermatitis
#17
Lorena Maria Lima de Oliveira, Marcos Vilela de Souza, Antonio Carlos Martins Guedes, Marcelo Grossi Araújo
Infective dermatitis associated with HTLV-1 (IDH) is the main cutaneous marker of HTLV-1 infection. This disease occurs primarily in children and should be differentiated from other eczemas, especially from atopic dermatitis. The largest series of IDH are from Jamaica and Brazil. There are an estimated 15 to 20 million infected people in the world, and Brazil is one of the endemic regions. Studies suggest that IDH in children may be a marker for the development of T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) or myelopathy associated with HTLV-1/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM / TSP) in adulthood...
July 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943812/fertility-and-child-mortality-in-urban-west-africa-leveraging-geo-referenced-data-to-move-beyond-the-urban-rural-dichotomy
#18
Jamaica Corker
Demographic research in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has long relied on a blunt urban/rural dichotomy that may obscure important inter-urban fertility and mortality differentials. This paper uses Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) geo-referenced data to look beyond the simple urban/rural division by spatially locating survey clusters along an urban continuum and producing estimates of fertility and child mortality by four city size categories in West Africa. Results show a gradient in urban characteristics and demographic outcomes: the largest cities are the most advantaged and smaller cities least advantaged with respect to access to urban amenities, lower fertility and under-5 survival rates...
April 2017: Population, Space and Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926088/treatments-for-priapism-in-boys-and-men-with-sickle-cell-disease
#19
REVIEW
Francis I Chinegwundoh, Sherie Smith, Kofi A Anie
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease comprises a group of genetic haemoglobin disorders. The predominant symptom associated with sickle cell disease is pain resulting from the occlusion of small blood vessels by abnormally 'sickle-shaped' red blood cells. There are other complications, including chronic organ damage and prolonged painful erection of the penis, known as priapism. Severity of sickle cell disease is variable, and treatment is usually symptomatic. Priapism affects up to half of all men with sickle cell disease, however, there is no consistency in treatment...
September 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915503/availability-and-consistency-of-health-and-non-health-data-for-road-traffic-fatality-analysis-of-data-from-195-countries-1985-2013
#20
Helai Huang, Qingyi Yin, David C Schwebel, Peishan Ning, Guoqing Hu
High-quality data are critical for validly monitoring progress toward global initiatives related to road traffic crash prevention. We assessed the availability and consistency of road traffic mortality data from health and non-health departments in national governments, plus changes in data consistency over time from 1985 to 2013. Using freely accessible data, we systematically assessed availability and consistency of health and non-health data from 1985 to 2013 in 195 countries. Data availability was reflected by the presence of data on motor vehicle mortality rates in that country at any points between 1985 and 2013...
November 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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