keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Jamaica

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725086/the-fertility-of-internal-migrants-to-kinshasa
#1
Philip Anglewicz, Jamaica Corker, Patrick Kayembe
The rapid population growth of many African cities has important implications for population health, yet little is known about factors contributing to increasing population, such as the fertility of internal migrants. We examine whether in-migrants to Kinshasa have different fertility patterns than lifetime Kinshasa residents, and identify characteristics of migrants that may explain differences in fertility. We also use detailed migration histories to examine whether fertility differs by features of migration...
2017: Genus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718488/infectious-disease-morbidity-and-growth-among-young-hiv-exposed-uninfected-children-in-jamaica
#2
Russell B Pierre, Toni-Anne Fulford, Kaye Lewis, Paulette Palmer, Christine Walters, Celia D C Christie
Objective: There is a growing body of data that demonstrates increased infectious disease outcomes for HIV-exposed uninfected (HIV-EU) infants as compared to their HIV-unexposed (HU) counterparts. We hypothesized that these HIV-EU infants are at greater risk for infectious morbidity and mortality when compared to the general childhood population. We therefore aimed to characterize infections and growth outcomes among HIV-EU infants in Jamaica during their first two years of life. By identifying these outcomes, specific interventions could be implemented to mitigate this risk of morbidity and mortality...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716555/attitudes-about-vaccines-to-prevent-ebola-virus-disease-in-guinea-at-the-end-of-a-large-ebola-epidemic-results-of-a-national-household-survey
#3
Kathleen L Irwin, Mohamed F Jalloh, Jamaica Corker, Barry Alpha Mahmoud, Susan J Robinson, Wenshu Li, Nyuma E James, Musa Sellu, Mohammad B Jalloh, Alpha Ahmadou Diallo, LaRee Tracy, Rana Hajjeh, Amanda VanSteelandt, Rebecca Bunnell, Lise Martel, Pratima L Raghunathan, Barbara Marston
INTRODUCTION: In 2014-2016, an Ebola epidemic devastated Guinea; more than 3800 cases and 2500 deaths were reported to the World Health Organization. In August 2015, as the epidemic waned and clinical trials of an experimental, Ebola vaccine continued in Guinea and neighboring Sierra Leone, we conducted a national household survey about Ebola-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) and opinions about "hypothetical" Ebola vaccines. METHODS: Using cluster-randomized sampling, we selected participants aged 15+ years old in Guinea's 8 administrative regions, which had varied cumulative case counts...
July 14, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712058/reliance-on-medicinal-plant-therapy-among-cancer-patients-in-jamaica
#4
Kimberley Foster, Novie Younger, William Aiken, Doreen Brady-West, Rupika Delgoda
PURPOSE: Patients' perspective of their treatment regime plays a vital role in its success. Recognizing the high prevalence of medicinal plant usage among Jamaicans at large, we investigated the engagement of such remedies by cancer patients, with the aim of uncovering self-medicating habits, perceptions and details of utilized plants. METHODS: A structured, interviewer-based questionnaire was administered to 100 patients attending the oncology and urology clinics at the University Hospital of the West Indies in Kingston, Jamaica...
July 15, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708090/successful-community-based-conservation-the-story-of-millbank-and-pterourus-papilio-homerus
#5
Eric Garraway, John Parnell, Delano S Lewis
The literature on community-based environmental management is very extensive and the discussion of the pros and cons is continuing. Presented here is an example of a successful interaction between university-based entomologists and a local rural community, detailing the change in the attitude of the town of Millbank, Jamaica, from a Giant Swallowtail Butterfly collecting site to a model for community protection of a species and its environment. A review of some of the research work on community-based conservation efforts is included...
July 14, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698508/jamaica-s-critically-endangered-butterfly-a-review-of-the-biology-and-conservation-status-of-the-homerus-swallowtail-papilio-pterourus-homerus-fabricius
#6
REVIEW
Matthew S Lehnert, Valerie R Kramer, John E Rawlins, Vanessa Verdecia, Jaret C Daniels
The Homerus swallowtail, Papilio (Pterourus) homerus Fabricius, is listed as an endangered species and is endemic to the Caribbean island of Jamaica. The largest butterfly in the Western Hemisphere, P. homerus once inhabited seven of Jamaica's 14 parishes and consisted of at least three populations; however, now only two stronghold populations remain, a western population in the rugged Cockpit Country and an eastern population in the Blue and John Crow Mountains. Despite numerous studies of its life history, much about the population biology, including estimates of total numbers of individuals in each population, remains unknown...
July 10, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685038/user-fee-removal-improves-equity-of-children-s-health-care-utilization-and-reduces-families-financial-burden-evidence-from-jamaica
#7
Zhihui Li, Mingqiang Li, Günther Fink, Paul Bourne, Till Bärnighausen, Rifat Atun
BACKGROUND: The impact of user-fee policies on the equity of health care utilization and households' financial burdens has remained largely unexplored in Latin American and the Caribbean, as well as in upper-middle-income countries. This paper assesses the short- and long-term impacts of Jamaica's user-fee-removal for children in 2007. METHODS: This study utilizes 14 rounds of data from the Jamaica Survey of Living Conditions (JSLC) for the periods 1996 to 2012...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681163/bioaccumulation-of-polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcbs-in-atlantic-sea-bream-archosargus-rhomboidalis-from-kingston-harbour-jamaica
#8
Ann-Tenneil O'Connor, Dwight Robinson, Tara P Dasgupta, Aaron T Fisk, Ken G Drouillard
Multiple sizes of Sea bream were collected from Kingston Harbour, Jamaica, to assess steady state bioaccumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in a tropical fish. Sea beam fork lengths ranged from 7.3 to 21.5 cm (n = 36 fish) and tissue lipids decreased with body length. Larger fish had lower δ(13)C isotopes compared to smaller fish, suggesting a change in diet. Linear regressions showed no differences in lipid equivalent sum PCB concentrations with size. However, differences in individual congener bioaccumulation trajectories occurred...
July 5, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669320/social-ecological-factors-associated-with-hiv-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-jamaica
#9
Carmen H Logie, Kathleen S Kenny, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Kandasi Levermore, Nicolette Jones, Ava Neil, Tyrone Ellis, Annecka Marshall, Peter A Newman
In Jamaica, where homosexuality is criminalized, scant research has examined associations between sexual stigma and HIV infection. The study objective was to examine correlates of HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Jamaica. We conducted a cross-sectional tablet-based survey with MSM in Jamaica using chain referral sampling. We assessed socio-demographic, individual, social, and structural factors associated with HIV infection. A logit-link model, fit using backwards-stepwise regression, was used to estimate a final multivariable model...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652822/anemia-in-pregnancy-in-western-jamaica
#10
Saidah Wright, Dominique Earland, Swati Sakhuja, Anna Junkins, Sarah Franklin, Luz Padilla, Maung Aung, Pauline E Jolly
BACKGROUND: Anemia is one of the most prevalent problems in pregnancy. In 2011, 29.9% of all pregnant women in Jamaica were diagnosed with anemia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and predictors of anemia in pregnancy in Western Jamaica. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 293 mothers attending post-natal clinics in Western Jamaica. A questionnaire was administered to the mothers, and an abstraction form was used to collect clinical data from the mothers' records...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650966/insecticide-resistance-to-permethrin-and-malathion-and-associated-mechanisms-in-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes-from-st-andrew-jamaica
#11
Sheena Francis, Karla Saavedra-Rodriguez, Rushika Perera, Mark Paine, William C Black, Rupika Delgoda
The emergence of novel diseases spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito in Jamaica and the Caribbean, has prompted studies on insecticide resistance towards effective management of the vector. Though Jamaica has been using the organophosphate insecticide malathion in its vector control program for more than 30 years, resistance to the pesticide has not been tested in over a decade. We analyzed resistance to malathion and the pyrethroid insecticide, permethrin on mosquitoes collected across St. Andrew, Jamaica, and analyzed the molecular basis of resistance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649042/worldwide-human-daily-intakes-of-bisphenol-a-bpa-estimated-from-global-urinary-concentration-data-2000-2016-and-its-risk-analysis
#12
Ri-Ping Huang, Ze-Hua Liu, Su-Fen Yuan, Hua Yin, Zhi Dang, Ping-Xiao Wu
To evaluate BPA's potential risk to health, it is important to know human daily intake. This study describes a simple but effective method to estimate the levels of human BPA intake among four different populations based on urinary concentration data. Nationally, of the 30 countries examined, the top ten countries for adult intake were Italy, Sweden, Denmark, France, Cyprus, Australia, Israel, Ghana, Jamaica, and Belgium. When the urinary excretion sample size was large enough and over 1000, it was found that the national estimated BPA daily intakes in the child group among countries, showed a good linear relationship with those of their corresponding adult group...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646364/sinonasal-malignancies-incidence-and-histological-distribution-in-jamaica-1973-2007
#13
Tracey N Gibson, Dawn P McNaughton, Barrie Hanchard
PURPOSE: To determine the histological distribution and trends in incidence of sinonasal malignancies in Jamaica. METHODS: Cases of all sinonasal malignancies diagnosed between 1973 and 2007 were extracted from the archives of the Jamaica Cancer Registry. Data recorded for each case included age at diagnosis, sex, year of diagnosis, topography, and histology. Data were used to calculate frequencies, age-specific incidence rates, and age-standardized incidence rates (ASRs)...
June 23, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602328/comparison-of-training-effect-on-tremor-using-2-training-modules
#14
Abhishek R Payal, Yonwook J Kim, Luis A Gonzalez Gonzalez, Mary K Daly
PURPOSE: To compare training effect of 2 training models-a surgical simulator anti-tremor module and a paper version-on tremor and time-to-task completion. SETTING: Ophthalmology Department, Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, USA. DESIGN: Prospective crossover study. METHODS: Trainees completed simulator and paper training modules (baseline test, 3 training sessions, posttraining test, and final test) with their dominant and nondominant hands...
May 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599755/decreased-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-jamaica
#15
Dalip Ragoobirsingh, Errol Y St A Morrison, Lurline Less
The purpose of this paper is to report the dramatic changes in the point prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the adult population of Jamaica following education intervention. The initial prevalence in the 15-and-over age group was determined by a two-stage stratified random sampling design in 1993. In 1997, the University of the West Indies Diabetes Outreach Project thru its public service arm, the Diabetes Association of Jamaica, developed and implemented a Peer Facilitators Diabetes Education Programme. This effort has realized an increased patient and public education as well as concomitant increased patient compliance and a reduction in related complications...
July 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584661/evaluation-of-sexual-and-fertility-dysfunction-in-spinal-cord-injured-men-in-jamaica
#16
Belinda F Morrison, Ian White-Gittens, Simon Smith, Shari St John, Romar Bent, Rory Dixon
INTRODUCTION: Sexual dysfunction and infertility are common in males with traumatic spinal cord injuries (SCIs). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction and infertility in males with traumatic SCI managed in Jamaica, as well as the therapeutic options offered. CASE PRESENTATION: A cross-sectional study including males with traumatic SCI managed at the Sir John Golding Rehabilitation Centre, Kingston, Jamaica was carried out between 1 January and 31 December 2015...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573834/use-of-jamaican-sign-language-in-the-provision-of-dental-health-care
#17
K Cumberbatch, T Jones
The United Nations Development Assistance Framework for Jamaica 2012-2016 identifies as an outcome increased access to improved quality health and education services for socially excluded and at risk populations. The Deaf Jamaican population can be categorised as a socially excluded population. The communication barrier resulting from their deafness often leads to difficulties in accessing healthcare. The Faculty of Medical Sciences at The University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, implemented a programme aimed at overcoming this communication barrier and improving direct communication between Deaf patients and health professionals treating them...
June 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567278/psychosocial-stimulation-interventions-for-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-systematic-review
#18
Allison I Daniel, Robert H Bandsma, Lyubov Lytvyn, Wieger P Voskuijl, Isabel Potani, Meta van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: The WHO Guidelines for the inpatient treatment of severely malnourished children include a recommendation to provide sensory stimulation or play therapy for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). This systematic review was performed to synthesize evidence around this recommendation. Specifically, the objective was to answer the question: "In children with severe acute malnutrition, does psychosocial stimulation improve child developmental, nutritional, or other outcomes?" METHODS: A review protocol was registered on the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO 2016: CRD42016036403)...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556792/two-new-oxodolastane-diterpenes-from-the-jamaican-macroalga-canistrocarpus-cervicornis
#19
Sanjay Campbell, JeAnn Murray, Rupika Delgoda, Winklet Gallimore
The chemical investigation of the organic extract of Canistrocarpus cervicornis, collected at Drunken Man's Cay at Port Royal, Jamaica, has led to the isolation of two new dolastane diterpenes 4R-acetoxy-8S,9S-epoxy-14S-hydroxy-7-oxodolastane (1) and 4R-hydroxy-8S,9S-epoxy-14S-hydroxy-7-oxodolastane (2) and the previously isolated dolastane (4R,9S,14S)-4,9,14-trihydroxydolast-1(15),7-diene (3) as a major diterpene constituent. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analyses...
May 30, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555188/educational-health-disparities-in-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-findings-from-jamaica-health-and-lifestyle-survey-2007-2008
#20
Trevor S Ferguson, Novie O M Younger-Coleman, Marshall K Tulloch-Reid, Ian R Hambleton, Damian K Francis, Nadia R Bennett, Shelly R McFarlane, Aurelian Bidulescu, Marlene Y MacLeish, Anselm J M Hennis, Rainford J Wilks, E Nigel Harris, Louis W Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic disparities in health have emerged as an important area in public health, but studies from Afro-Caribbean populations are uncommon. In this study, we report on educational health disparities in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity), among Jamaican adults. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007-2008. Trained research staff administered questionnaires and obtained measurements of blood pressure, anthropometrics, glucose and cholesterol...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
keyword
keyword
94360
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"