keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Jamaica

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098254/nanoscale-measurement-of-trace-element-distributions-in-spartina-alterniflora-root-tissue-during-dormancy
#1
Huan Feng, Yu Qian, J Kirk Cochran, Qingzhi Zhu, Wen Hu, Hanfei Yan, Li Li, Xiaojing Huang, Yong S Chu, Houjun Liu, Shinjae Yoo, Chang-Jun Liu
This paper reports a nanometer-scale investigation of trace element (As, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, S and Zn) distributions in the root system Spartina alterniflora during dormancy. The sample was collected on a salt marsh island in Jamaica Bay, New York, in April 2015 and the root was cross-sectioned with 10 μm resolution. Synchrotron X-ray nanofluorescence was applied to map the trace element distributions in selected areas of the root epidermis and endodermis. The sampling resolution was 60 nm to increase the measurement accuracy and reduce the uncertainty...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098009/jamaica-warns-of-nurse-poaching
#2
(no author information available yet)
Health care in Jamaica is facing 'major and severe' consequences due to nursing staff leaving to work overseas, the country's health minister has warned.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097786/caribbean-urological-association-18th-annual-conference-kingston-jamaica-4-6-november-2016
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088757/challenges-in-neonatal-transport-in-jamaica-a-resource-limited-setting
#4
Salome Henry, Helen Trotman
AIM: This study aimed to determine challenges associated with neonatal transport in Jamaica, a resource-limited setting. METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study of neonates transported to the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) over a 15 month period. Data on the clinical status of the neonates before, during and at the end of transport, as well as on accompanying staff and equipment, were collected. Neonatal demographics, reason for transfer and outcome at 48 h and at discharge were also collected...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012907/culex-melanoconion-panocossa-from-peninsular-florida-usa
#5
Erik M Blosser, Nathan D Burkett-Cadena
Culex (Melanoconion) panocossa is a suspected vector of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus in Central America. Prior to this report, Cx. panocossa was known from Central America (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, southern Mexico, Panama), northern South America (Colombia, Venezuela) and the Greater Antilles (Cuba and Jamaica). Larvae (n=5) and adults (n=4286) of Cx. panocossa were collected at two locations near Homestead, FL, which indicates substantial established populations of this probable vector species in the continental US...
December 21, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997475/diabetes-among-people-with-tuberculosis-hiv-infection-viral-hepatitis-b-and-c-and-stds-in-new-york-city-2006-2010
#6
Ann Drobnik, Alexander Breskin, Jennifer Fuld, Christine Chan, James Hadler, Bahman Tabaei, Natalie Stennis, Shama Ahuja, Winfred Wu, Jay K Varma
Matching infectious disease surveillance data has become a routine activity for many health departments. With the increasing focus on chronic disease, it is also useful to explore opportunities to match infectious and chronic disease surveillance data. To understand the burden of diabetes in New York City (NYC), adults with select infectious diseases (tuberculosis, HIV infection, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, chlamydial infection, gonorrhea, and syphilis) reported between 2006 and 2010 were matched with hemoglobin A1c results reported in the same period...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988661/lucinid-bivalves-of-guadeloupe-diversity-and-systematics-in-the-context-of-the-tropical-western-atlantic-mollusca-bivalvia-lucinidae
#7
Ohn D Taylor, Emily A Glover
Intensive sampling of molluscs from the intertidal to depths of 800 m around the islands of Guadeloupe in the Lesser Antilles (KARUBENTHOS 2012, 2015) recovered 25 species of Lucinidae. All the Guadeloupe species are described and illustrated including details of larval shells and the taxonomy revised within the context of the wider western Atlantic fauna and recent classifications. Concurrent molecular analysis has helped separate frequently confounded species. 'Myrtea' pristiphora is placed in the Leucosphaerine genus Myrtina previously known from the Indo-West Pacific...
November 23, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986739/relationship-of-social-and-economic-factors-to-mental-disorders-among-population-based-samples-of-jamaicans-and-guyanese
#8
Krim K Lacey, Karen Powell Sears, Tazhmoye V Crawford, Niki Matusko, James S Jackson
BACKGROUND: There have been growing concerns about increasing mental health problems in the Caribbean region. This study explores rates and factors associated with selected mental health disorders within 2 Caribbean countries: Jamaica and Guyana. METHODS: Probability samples of 1218 Jamaicans and 2068 Guyanese participants were used. A modified version of the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WHO CIDI) defined by the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) was administered in order to assess lifetime mental disorders...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938435/alcohol-use-depression-and-life-satisfaction-among-older-persons-in-jamaica
#9
Roger C Gibson, Norman K Waldron, Wendel D Abel, Denise Eldemire-Shearer, Kenneth James, Kathryn Mitchell-Fearon
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the prevalence of alcohol use among older Jamaicans as well as to explore among this population the relationships between alcohol use and: age, sex, depressive symptoms, and life satisfaction. Although the nature of these relationships among the proposed study population were uncertain, in other settings alcohol use has tended to decline with increasing age, occur more commonly among men than women, and show non-linear relationships with depressive symptoms and life satisfaction...
December 12, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936933/review-of-genetic-diversification-of-bats-in-the-caribbean-and-biogeographic-relationships-to-neotropical-species-based-on-dna-barcodes
#10
Burton K Lim
DNA barcoding is helping in discovering high levels of cryptic species and an underestimation of biodiversity in many groups of organisms. Although mammals are arguably the most studied and one of the least speciose taxonomic classes, the rate of species discovery is increasing and biased for small mammals on islands. An earlier study found bats in the Caribbean as a taxonomic and geographic deficiency in the International Barcode of Life initiative to establish a genetic reference database to enable specimen identification to species...
January 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934822/distribution-of-virulence-determinants-among-antimicrobial-resistant-and-antimicrobial-susceptible-escherichia-coli-implicated-in-urinary-tract-infections
#11
Sam Stephenson, P D Brown
INTRODUCTION: Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) rely on the correlation of virulence expression with antimicrobial resistance to persist and cause severe urinary tract infections (UTIs). OBJECTIVES: We assessed the virulence pattern and prevalence among UPEC strains susceptible and resistant to multiple antimicrobial classes. METHODS: A total of 174 non-duplicate UPEC strains from patients with clinically significant UTIs were analysed for susceptibility to aminoglycoside, antifolate, cephalosporin, nitrofuran and quinolone antibiotics for the production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases and for the presence of six virulence determinants encoding adhesins (afimbrial, Type 1 fimbriae, P and S-fimbriae) and toxins (cytotoxic necrotising factor and haemolysin)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905952/mental-health-and-urban-living-in-sub-saharan-africa-major-depressive-episodes-among-the-urban-poor-in-ouagadougou-burkina-faso
#12
Géraldine Duthé, Clémentine Rossier, Doris Bonnet, Abdramane Bassiahi Soura, Jamaica Corker
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan African cities, the epidemiological transition has shifted a greater proportion of the burden of non-communicable diseases, including mental and behavioral disorder, to the adult population. The burden of major depressive disorder and its social risk factors in the urban sub-Saharan African population are not well understood and estimates vary widely. We conducted a study in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, in order to estimate the prevalence of major depressive episodes among adults in this urban setting...
May 5, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903917/the-health-of-office-based-workers-in-kingston-jamaica
#13
Jascinth L M Lindo, Janet LaGrenade, Denise Eldemire-Shearer
The health status of Jamaican workers was evaluated as a baseline for workplace health promotion interventions. Socio-demographic, health status, and lifestyle data were collected from 1,087 employees. Blood pressure, glucose and cholesterol levels, and body mass index were measured for study participants. The most common illness reported by the study participants was migraine headaches (16.0%), followed by hypertension (13.5%) and asthma (6.1%). Based on blood pressure measurements, 34.1% were pre-hypertensive (120-139/80-89 mmHg), 13...
November 30, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885466/molecular-epidemiology-and-multilocus-sequence-analysis-of-potentially-zoonotic-giardia-spp-from-humans-and-dogs-in-jamaica
#14
Mellesia F Lee, Paul Cadogan, Sarah Eytle, Sonia Copeland, Julia Walochnik, John F Lindo
Giardia spp. are the causative agents of intestinal infections in a wide variety of mammals including humans and companion animals. Dogs may be reservoirs of zoonotic Giardia spp.; however, the potential for transmission between dogs and humans in Jamaica has not been studied. Conventional PCR was used to screen 285 human and 225 dog stool samples for Giardia targeting the SSU rDNA gene followed by multilocus sequencing of the triosephosphate isomerase (tpi), glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh), and β-giardin (bg) genes...
January 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871639/international-comparisons-of-the-youth-self-report-dysregulation-profile-latent-class%C3%A2-analyses-in-34-societies
#15
Phoebe Jordan, Leslie A Rescorla, Robert R Althoff, Thomas M Achenbach
OBJECTIVE: We used latent class analysis (LCA) to examine the prevalence and characteristics of the Dysregulation Profile (DP) based on data from the Youth Self-Report (YSR). The DP comprises elevated scores on the Anxious/Depressed, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behavior syndromes and thus reflects significant problems in self-regulation of affect, attention, and behavior. METHOD: We examined YSR data for 38,070 adolescents (48.1% male) in 34 societies. Participants ranged in age from 11 to 16 years...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861761/prediagnostic-alcohol-consumption-and-colorectal-cancer-survival-the-colon-cancer-family-registry
#16
Amanda I Phipps, Jamaica R Robinson, Peter T Campbell, Aung Ko Win, Jane C Figueiredo, Noralane M Lindor, Polly A Newcomb
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have noted an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) among moderate to heavy alcohol consumers in comparison with nondrinkers, the relation between alcohol consumption and CRC survival remains unclear. METHODS: Cases of incident invasive CRC diagnosed between 1997 and 2007 were identified via population-based cancer registries at 4 study sites in the Colon Cancer Family Registry. Study participants completed a risk-factor questionnaire on prediagnostic behaviors, including wine, beer, and liquor consumption, at the baseline...
November 8, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859995/differential-matrix-use-by-neotropical-birds-based-on-species-traits-and-landscape-condition
#17
Christina M Kennedy, Elise F Zipkin, Peter P Marra
There is considerable uncertainty about the role of human-modified habitats in supporting species in fragmented landscapes. This is because few studies sample outside of native habitats in the "matrix". Those that do, often fail to sample landscapes in a way that accounts for the confounding effects of native habitat pattern and species detection biases that can obscure species responses. We employed multi-species hierarchical occupancy models to determine the use of human-modified habitats by Neotropical birds in landscapes that were similar in forest amount and configuration but surrounded by a matrix of agriculture (predominately pasture), bauxite mining (surface mining for aluminum), or suburban development in central Jamaica...
November 16, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859067/the-arctic-oscillation-climatic-variability-and-biotic-factors-influenced-seedling-dynamics-in-a-caribbean-moist-forest
#18
Kurt McLaren, Setu Monroe, Byron Wilson
We assessed the influence of the Arctic oscillation (AO) on local climate (using data from 2004 to 2009), their influence and the effects of heterospecific density on seedling dynamics (from January 2006 to August 2009), using data from 120 25-m(2) subplots established in a moist tropical forest over limestone in Jamaica. The AO index (AOI) had a positive nonlinear relationship with mean monthly rainfall and the number of days with rain. Also, there was a significant increase in mean monthly atmospheric temperature in 2006, which coincided with a global temperature increase...
September 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832817/prevalence-of-psychological-symptoms-among-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-ghana
#19
Michael Tetteh Anim, Joseph Osafo, Felix Yirdong
BACKGROUND: Previous research revealed high prevalence of psychological symptoms among sickle cell disease (SCD) patients in the West and Europe. In some Black SCD populations such as Nigeria and Jamaica, anxiety and depression had low prevalence rates compared to Europe. With difficulty locating research data on the prevalence of psychological symptoms in Ghana, this study aimed at exploring psychological symptoms among adults with SCD in a Teaching Hospital in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: Two hundred and one participants (males 102 and females 99) who were HbSS (n = 131) and HbSC (n = 70), aged 18 years and above were purposively recruited...
November 10, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829802/revision-of-the-lima-clade-miconia-sect-lima-miconieae-melastomataceae-of-the-greater-antilles
#20
Lucas C Majure, Eldis R Bécquer, Walter S Judd
Miconia sect. Lima is an entirely Greater Antillean clade that consists of 19 known species of shrubs and small trees, which were previously recognized under the polyphyletic genera Leandra and Ossaea. The highest species richness in the clade is represented on Cuba (10 species), followed by Hispaniola (8 species) and then Jamaica (1 species). Here we present a taxonomic revision of the clade based on the study of species in the field, herbarium specimens, as well as a DNA-based phylogeny reconstruction. The Lima clade most likely originated on Cuba and then spread to Jamaica once and Hispaniola multiple times...
2016: PhytoKeys
keyword
keyword
94360
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"