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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194609/a-high-frequency-of-palb2-mutations-in-jamaican-patients-with-breast-cancer
#1
Jordan Lerner-Ellis, Talia Donenberg, Humayun Ahmed, Sophia George, Gilian Wharfe, Sheray Chin, Dwight Lowe, Robert Royer, Shiyu Zhang, Steven Narod, Judith Hurley, Mohammad R Akbari
PURPOSE: Jamaica is an island nation with one of the highest breast cancer incidence rates in the Caribbean (40/100,000 per year). The contribution of cancer susceptibility gene mutations to the burden of breast cancer in Jamaica has not yet been explored. We sought to determine the prevalence of germline mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 in 179 unselected Jamaican women with breast cancer. METHODS: We sequenced the entire coding regions of BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 for all the study subjects...
February 13, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183107/the-jumping-lynx-spider-i-oxyopes-i-i-salticus-i-hentz-1845-and-its-neotropical-relatives-araneae-oxyopidae
#2
Adalberto J Santos
The spider genus Oxyopes Latreille occurs throughout the world, but is insufficiently known in South America and the Caribbean. In this study, three apparently related species of this genus are reported from the region. Oxyopes salticus Hentz, 1845 is redescribed and illustrated, and extreme variation in colour pattern and in female genitalia is reported within this species. Oxyopes m-fasciatus Piza, 1938 and Oxyopes nigrolineatus Mello-Leitão, 1941 are both considered junior synonyms of O. salticus. The material examined in this study, together with information from the literature, show this species is widely distributed throughout the continental Americas and the Caribbean...
January 10, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133980/the-impact-of-polyvictimisation-on-children-in-lmics-the-case-of-jamaica
#3
Maureen Samms-Vaughan, Michael Lambert
Children who experience polyvictimization in high-income countries (HICs) are at higher risk for mental health-related trauma symptoms. There is limited information on the impact of polyvictimisation on children with high levels of exposure, as occurs in some low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study investigates the impact of poyvictimization on Jamaican children's intellectual functioning, achievement, and disruptive behaviors. Data from a geographical subgroup (n = 1171) of a 1986 population based birth cohort study were utilised...
January 29, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133575/accelerometer-measured-physical-activity-is-not-associated-with-two-year-weight-change-in-african-origin-adults-from-five-diverse-populations
#4
Lara R Dugas, Stephanie Kliethermes, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Liping Tong, Pascal Bovet, Terrence E Forrester, Estelle V Lambert, Dale A Schoeller, Ramon A Durazo-Arvizu, David A Shoham, Guichan Cao, Soren Brage, Ulf Ekelund, Richard S Cooper, Amy Luke
BACKGROUND: Increasing population-levels of physical activity (PA) is a controversial strategy for managing the obesity epidemic, given the conflicting evidence for weight loss from PA alone per se. We measured PA and weight change in a three-year prospective cohort study in young adults from five countries (Ghana, South Africa, Jamaica, Seychelles and USA). METHODS: A total of 1,944 men and women had baseline data, and at least 1 follow-up examination including measures of anthropometry (weight/BMI), and objective PA (accelerometer, 7-day) following the three-year study period...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132766/piloting-a-pediatric-trauma-course-in-western-jamaica-lessons-learned-and-future-directions
#5
Hadley K Wesson, Valerie Plant, Marieka Helou, Karen Wharton, Delroy Fray, Jeffrey Haynes, Charles Bagwell
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric injuries are a leading cause of death in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite this, there are few formal pediatric-specific trauma educational initiatives available in LMICs. While new educational tools are being developed to address this, they have not been piloted in LMICs. In Jamaica, pediatric injuries are a leading cause of hospital admission but care is limited by a lack of training in triage and stabilization. Our objective was to implement and evaluate a pediatric trauma course in Jamaica to determine the impact this may have on further course development...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120949/extent-of-night-warming-and-spatially-heterogeneous-cloudiness-differentiate-temporal-trend-of-greenness-in-mountainous-tropics-in-the-new-century
#6
Mei Yu, Qiong Gao, Chunxiao Gao, Chao Wang
Tropical forests have essential functions in global C dynamics but vulnerable to changes in land cover land use (LCLUC) and climate. The tropics of Caribbean are experiencing warming and drying climate and diverse LCLUC. However, large-scale studies to detect long-term trends of C and mechanisms behind are still rare. Using MODIS Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI), we investigated greenness trend in the Greater Antilles Caribbean during 2000-2015, and analyzed trend of vegetation patches without LCLUC to give prominence to climate impacts...
January 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118279/25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-blood-pressure-a-plateau-effect-in-adults-with-african-ancestry-living-at-different-latitudes
#7
Daniel Chiang, Holly Kramer, Amy Luke, Richard Cooper, John Aloia, Pascal Bovet, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Terrence Forrester, Vickie Lambert, Pauline Camacho, Lara Dugas, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and blood pressure above and below 25(OH)D levels of 20 ng/ml in young adults with African ancestry. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis utilized data from a pooled sample of 2242 adults with African ancestry from five different latitudes (403 in the United States, 474 in South Africa, 479 in Ghana, 448 in Jamaica, and 438 in Seychelles). Piecewise linear regression models with a single knot were fitted to determine above and below a 25(OH)D level of 20 ng/ml the slope of SBP and DBP while adjusting for covariates including calcium intake and site...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103371/condom-use-and-hiv-status-a-study-of-sex-workers-engaged-with-the-jamaican-aids-support-for-life-jasl
#8
H Budhwani, S Newton, K R Hearld, K Levermore
Objective: HIV prevention programs such as Jamaica AIDS Support for Life (JASL) work to lower the rate of HIV among marginalized groups. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate condom use and HIV status in JASL's Sex Worker (SW) population with the intent to identify behavioral differences between this self-selected group and the general SW population in Jamaica. We hypothesized that JASL's SW population would demonstrate higher condom use and a lower prevalence of HIV, potentially attributable to their prevention and education endeavours...
April 4, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098254/nanoscale-measurement-of-trace-element-distributions-in-spartina-alterniflora-root-tissue-during-dormancy
#9
Huan Feng, Yu Qian, J Kirk Cochran, Qingzhi Zhu, Wen Hu, Hanfei Yan, Li Li, Xiaojing Huang, Yong S Chu, Houjun Liu, Shinjae Yoo, Chang-Jun Liu
This paper reports a nanometer-scale investigation of trace element (As, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, S and Zn) distributions in the root system Spartina alterniflora during dormancy. The sample was collected on a salt marsh island in Jamaica Bay, New York, in April 2015 and the root was cross-sectioned with 10 μm resolution. Synchrotron X-ray nanofluorescence was applied to map the trace element distributions in selected areas of the root epidermis and endodermis. The sampling resolution was 60 nm to increase the measurement accuracy and reduce the uncertainty...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098009/jamaica-warns-of-nurse-poaching
#10
(no author information available yet)
Health care in Jamaica is facing 'major and severe' consequences due to nursing staff leaving to work overseas, the country's health minister has warned.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097786/caribbean-urological-association-18th-annual-conference-kingston-jamaica-4-6-november-2016
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088757/challenges-in-neonatal-transport-in-jamaica-a-resource-limited-setting
#12
Salome Henry, Helen Trotman
AIM: This study aimed to determine challenges associated with neonatal transport in Jamaica, a resource-limited setting. METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study of neonates transported to the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) over a 15 month period. Data on the clinical status of the neonates before, during and at the end of transport, as well as on accompanying staff and equipment, were collected. Neonatal demographics, reason for transfer and outcome at 48 h and at discharge were also collected...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012907/culex-melanoconion-panocossa-from-peninsular-florida-usa
#13
Erik M Blosser, Nathan D Burkett-Cadena
Culex (Melanoconion) panocossa is a suspected vector of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus in Central America. Prior to this report, Cx. panocossa was known from Central America (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, southern Mexico, Panama), northern South America (Colombia, Venezuela) and the Greater Antilles (Cuba and Jamaica). Larvae (n=5) and adults (n=4286) of Cx. panocossa were collected at two locations near Homestead, FL, which indicates substantial established populations of this probable vector species in the continental US...
March 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997475/diabetes-among-people-with-tuberculosis-hiv-infection-viral-hepatitis-b-and-c-and-stds-in-new-york-city-2006-2010
#14
Ann Drobnik, Alexander Breskin, Jennifer Fuld, Christine Chan, James Hadler, Bahman Tabaei, Natalie Stennis, Shama Ahuja, Winfred Wu, Jay K Varma
Matching infectious disease surveillance data has become a routine activity for many health departments. With the increasing focus on chronic disease, it is also useful to explore opportunities to match infectious and chronic disease surveillance data. To understand the burden of diabetes in New York City (NYC), adults with select infectious diseases (tuberculosis, HIV infection, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, chlamydial infection, gonorrhea, and syphilis) reported between 2006 and 2010 were matched with hemoglobin A1c results reported in the same period...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988661/lucinid-bivalves-of-guadeloupe-diversity-and-systematics-in-the-context-of-the-tropical-western-atlantic-mollusca-bivalvia-lucinidae
#15
Ohn D Taylor, Emily A Glover
Intensive sampling of molluscs from the intertidal to depths of 800 m around the islands of Guadeloupe in the Lesser Antilles (KARUBENTHOS 2012, 2015) recovered 25 species of Lucinidae. All the Guadeloupe species are described and illustrated including details of larval shells and the taxonomy revised within the context of the wider western Atlantic fauna and recent classifications. Concurrent molecular analysis has helped separate frequently confounded species. 'Myrtea' pristiphora is placed in the Leucosphaerine genus Myrtina previously known from the Indo-West Pacific...
November 23, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986739/relationship-of-social-and-economic-factors-to-mental-disorders-among-population-based-samples-of-jamaicans-and-guyanese
#16
Krim K Lacey, Karen Powell Sears, Tazhmoye V Crawford, Niki Matusko, James S Jackson
BACKGROUND: There have been growing concerns about increasing mental health problems in the Caribbean region. This study explores rates and factors associated with selected mental health disorders within 2 Caribbean countries: Jamaica and Guyana. METHODS: Probability samples of 1218 Jamaicans and 2068 Guyanese participants were used. A modified version of the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WHO CIDI) defined by the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) was administered in order to assess lifetime mental disorders...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938435/alcohol-use-depression-and-life-satisfaction-among-older-persons-in-jamaica
#17
Roger C Gibson, Norman K Waldron, Wendel D Abel, Denise Eldemire-Shearer, Kenneth James, Kathryn Mitchell-Fearon
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the prevalence of alcohol use among older Jamaicans as well as to explore among this population the relationships between alcohol use and: age, sex, depressive symptoms, and life satisfaction. Although the nature of these relationships among the proposed study population were uncertain, in other settings alcohol use has tended to decline with increasing age, occur more commonly among men than women, and show non-linear relationships with depressive symptoms and life satisfaction...
December 12, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936933/review-of-genetic-diversification-of-bats-in-the-caribbean-and-biogeographic-relationships-to-neotropical-species-based-on-dna-barcodes
#18
Burton K Lim
DNA barcoding is helping in discovering high levels of cryptic species and an underestimation of biodiversity in many groups of organisms. Although mammals are arguably the most studied and one of the least speciose taxonomic classes, the rate of species discovery is increasing and biased for small mammals on islands. An earlier study found bats in the Caribbean as a taxonomic and geographic deficiency in the International Barcode of Life initiative to establish a genetic reference database to enable specimen identification to species...
January 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934822/distribution-of-virulence-determinants-among-antimicrobial-resistant-and-antimicrobial-susceptible-escherichia-coli-implicated-in-urinary-tract-infections
#19
Sam Stephenson, P D Brown
INTRODUCTION: Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) rely on the correlation of virulence expression with antimicrobial resistance to persist and cause severe urinary tract infections (UTIs). OBJECTIVES: We assessed the virulence pattern and prevalence among UPEC strains susceptible and resistant to multiple antimicrobial classes. METHODS: A total of 174 non-duplicate UPEC strains from patients with clinically significant UTIs were analysed for susceptibility to aminoglycoside, antifolate, cephalosporin, nitrofuran and quinolone antibiotics for the production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases and for the presence of six virulence determinants encoding adhesins (afimbrial, Type 1 fimbriae, P and S-fimbriae) and toxins (cytotoxic necrotising factor and haemolysin)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905952/mental-health-and-urban-living-in-sub-saharan-africa-major-depressive-episodes-among-the-urban-poor-in-ouagadougou-burkina-faso
#20
Géraldine Duthé, Clémentine Rossier, Doris Bonnet, Abdramane Bassiahi Soura, Jamaica Corker
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan African cities, the epidemiological transition has shifted a greater proportion of the burden of non-communicable diseases, including mental and behavioral disorder, to the adult population. The burden of major depressive disorder and its social risk factors in the urban sub-Saharan African population are not well understood and estimates vary widely. We conducted a study in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, in order to estimate the prevalence of major depressive episodes among adults in this urban setting...
May 5, 2016: Population Health Metrics
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