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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930491/fetal-and-infant-growth-patterns-and-risk-of-lower-lung-function-and-asthma-the-generation-r-study
#1
Herman T den Dekker, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Irwin K Reiss, Johan C de Jongste, Liesbeth Duijts
BACKGROUND: Children with lower birth weight are at increased risk of asthma symptoms. We examined associations of fetal and infant growth with childhood lung function and asthma. METHODS: This study was embedded in a population-based prospective cohort study among 5,635children. Growth was estimated by repeated ultrasounds in 2nd and 3th trimester, and measured at birth and at 3, 6 and 12 months. At age 10 years, spirometry was performed and asthma was assessed by parental questionnaire...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925053/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-can-save-lives-in-children-with-heart-or-lung-failure-after-liver-transplantation
#2
Sandrine Jean, Christophe Chardot, Mehdi Oualha, Carmen Capito, Olivier Bustarret, Philippe Pouard, Sylvain Renolleau, Florence Lacaille, Laurent Dupic
The risk of cardiac or lung failure after liver transplantation (LT) is significant. In rare cases, the usual intensive care techniques fail to maintain organ oxygenation with a risk of multiorgan dysfunction. Although extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a difficult and risky procedure, it can be proposed as life-saving. Four children with either acute pulmonary (three) or cardiac (one) failure after LT, and the criteria that decided the use of ECMO (level of ventilation and results, dosage of inotropic drugs, cardiac ultrasound, blood lactate) were retrospectively reported...
September 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893201/determination-of-the-optimal-inspiratory-pressure-providing-adequate-ventilation-while-minimizing-gastric-insufflation-using-real-time-ultrasonography-in-chinese-children-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-study
#3
Xiaowei Qian, Qiong Hu, Hang Zhao, Bo Meng, Yang Nan, Hong Cao, Qingquan Lian, Jun Li
BACKGROUND: During facemask ventilation, gastric insufflation is defined as appearance of a comet-tail or an acoustic shadow on ultrasonography. Ultrasonographic measurement of antral cross-section area (CSA) may reflect an insufflated antrum and provide interesting semi-quantitative data in regard to the gastric insufflation. This study aimed to determine the appropriate level of inspiratory pressure sufficient to provide adequate pulmonary ventilation with a lower occurrence of gastric insufflation during facemask pressure-controlled ventilation using real-time ultrasonography in paralyzed children...
September 11, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845493/performance-of-lung-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-communityacquired-pneumonia-in-hospitalized-children
#4
Sorin Claudiu Man, Otilia Fufezan, Valentina Sas, Cristina Schnell
AIMS: The objective of the study was to assess the performance of lung ultrasonography (LUS) as compared to chest radiography and the clinical criteria for the diagnosis of pneumonia in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study in which data were collected from medical files of 81 children admitted with a clinical suspicion of pneumonia in which both an LUS and a chest radiograph during the hospitalization were performed. Reference standard used for the diagnosis of pneumonia were chest radiographs (consolidation, parenchymal infiltrates, and interstitial infiltrate) and clinical criteria...
May 10, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740641/lung-ultrasound-a-new-basic-easy-multifunction-imaging-diagnostic-tool-in-children-undergoing-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#5
EDITORIAL
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Israel Valverde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631156/diagnosis-of-secondary-pulmonary-lymphangiectasia-in-congenital-heart-disease-a-novel-role-for-chest-ultrasound-and-prognostic-implications
#6
Christopher Z Lam, Tanmay Anant Bhamare, Tamadhir Gazzaz, David Manson, Tilman Humpl, Mike Seed
BACKGROUND: Secondary pulmonary lymphangiectasia is a complication of congenital heart disease that results from chronic pulmonary venous obstruction. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the performance of chest ultrasound (US) in diagnosing secondary pulmonary lymphangiectasia and to review the clinical course of children with secondary pulmonary lymphangiectasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chest US was performed on 26 children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, total anomalous pulmonary venous connection or cor triatriatum in a prospective observational study...
June 19, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610670/lung-ultrasound-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-radiographically-confirmed-pneumonia-in-low-resource-settings
#7
Laura E Ellington, Robert H Gilman, Miguel A Chavez, Farhan Pervaiz, Julio Marin-Concha, Patricia Compen-Chang, Stefan Riedel, Shalim J Rodriguez, Charlotte Gaydos, Justin Hardick, James M Tielsch, Mark Steinhoff, Jane Benson, Evelyn A May, Dante Figueroa-Quintanilla, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide; however, its diagnosis can be challenging, especially in settings where skilled clinicians or standard imaging are unavailable. We sought to determine the diagnostic accuracy of lung ultrasound when compared to radiographically-confirmed clinical pediatric pneumonia. METHODS: Between January 2012 and September 2013, we consecutively enrolled children aged 2-59 months with primary respiratory complaints at the outpatient clinics, emergency department, and inpatient wards of the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño in Lima, Peru...
July 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586113/lung-consolidation-locations-for-optimal-lung-ultrasound-scanning-in-diagnosing-pediatric-pneumonia
#8
Brendan H A Milliner, James W Tsung
OBJECTIVES: Lung ultrasound (US) has been shown to be accurate in diagnosing pneumonia in children. Evidence to inform an optimal scanning protocol is limited. Our objective is to describe an optimized lung US scanning protocol for pediatric pneumonia based on the anatomic location and transducer orientation. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data and images from 2 prospective lung US studies for the emergency department diagnosis of pneumonia in children (0-21 years)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584070/the-natural-history-of-prenatally-diagnosed-congenital-cystic-lung-lesions-long-term-follow-up-of-119-cases
#9
James Cook, Lyn S Chitty, Paolo De Coppi, Michael Ashworth, Colin Wallis
BACKGROUND: A paucity of evidence regarding the natural history of congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAMs) and pulmonary sequestration (PS) has resulted in a divergence in management strategy of asymptomatic cases. METHODS: We describe the long-term clinical course of 119 children diagnosed with these lesions treated at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH). Cases were identified via the GOSH patient database. Study entry required the identification of a cystic lung lesion on prenatal ultrasound and confirmation of CPAM/PS on postnatal CT imaging...
September 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574387/-clinical-and-epidemiological-peculiarities-of-cystic-echinococcosis-in-children
#10
Kh Melia, N Kokaia, M Manjgaladze, T Kelbakiani-Kvinikhidze, G Sulaberidze
The postoperative period of cystic echinococcosis was studied in 13 children. Demographic, epidemiological, clinical diagnosis, treatment, number location, and development of cysts and serologic data were analyzed. Age of children at diagnosis range 5 to 17 years. All patients with cystic echinococcosis had abdominal cysts. The liver was the main organ involved in ten patients (76,9%) - they had cysts located in the liver, two patients (15,4%) had lung cyst, one patient had concomitant lung and liver cysts...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540858/streptococcus-pneumoniae-urinary-tract-infection-in-pedeatrics
#11
Richard Pougnet, Jeanne Sapin, Loïc De Parscau, Laurence Pougnet
Streptococcus pneumoniae infections in children are most often lung infections or meningitis. Urinary tract infections are much rarer. We present the case of a urinary tract infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae. The clinical picture was classical. The urine culture showed the presence of Streptococcus pneumoniae in urine (10(4) UFC/mL; with 2 × 10(4) leucocytes/mL). The literature mentions a few cases of such infections. In some studies, the prevalence of Streptococcus pneumoniae in urine of children is less than 1%...
June 1, 2017: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515753/traumatic-pneumatocele-in-an-11-year-old-boy-report-of-a-rare-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Ewa Matuszczak, Marzanna Oksiuta, Adam Hermanowicz, Wojciech Dębek
The authors present a case of a pneumatocele associated with blunt trauma in a child. An 11-year-old boy was admitted to the emergency department after he was knocked over and his chest was trapped under a soccer goal. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed several cavities in the lobes of both lungs. The CT of the abdomen revealed traumatic laceration of the liver. The patient was treated conservatively. His condition was stable and subsequently improved. He was discharged 19 days later. After nine months, a chest radiograph showed complete resolution of the pneumatocele, and abdominal ultrasound demonstrated complete resolution of the liver hematoma...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457766/authors-response-to-commentary-on-point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-of-children-with-acute-asthma-exacerbations-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#13
Alexander Sasha Dubrovsky, Patricia Li, Samantha Dankoff, Adam Shapiro, Terry Varshney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457764/letter-to-the-editor-regarding-recent-american-journal-of-emergency-medicine-article-in-press-point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-of-children-with-acute-asthma-exacerbations-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-by-dankoff-et-al
#14
Mckenna Longacre, Sigmund Kharasch, Andrew Liteplo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337699/lung-ultrasound-is-comparable-with-chest-roentgenogram-for-diagnosis-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-hospitalised-children
#15
Krishna Kumar Yadav, Shally Awasthi, Anit Parihar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of lung ultrasound (LUS) in comparison to chest roentgenogram (CXR) in hospitalised children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: This study was a hospital based prospective observational study, conducted between January 2014 and December 2014. Hospitalised children aged 2 to 59 mo with community-acquired pneumonia were included in the study. The informed written consent was taken from parents (or legal guardian) before recruitment...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269191/spectral-based-pneumonia-detection-tool-using-ultrasound-data-from-pediatric-populations
#16
O Zenteno, B Castaneda, R Lavarello
Pediatric Pneumonia is one of the principal causes of death by year on children under the age of five worldwide. The diagnosis is commonly made by clinical criteria with support from imaging tools like radiography. Lung ultrasound has been considered a low-cost and portable alternative for pneumonia imaging; however, interpretation is subjective and requires adequate training. In the present work, a pneumonia detection algorithm based on the measurement of the fundamental bandwidth downshift over depth of ultrasound radiofrequency (RF) signals is presented...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269188/automatic-pneumonia-detection-based-on-ultrasound-video-analysis
#17
Pedro Cisneros-Velarde, Malena Correa, Holger Mayta, Cynthia Anticona, Monica Pajuelo, Richard Oberhelman, William Checkley, Robert H Gilman, Dante Figueroa, Mirko Zimic, Roberto Lavarello, Benjamin Castaneda
Pneumonia is a disease which causes high mortality in children under five years old, particularly in developing countries. This paper proposes a novel application of ultrasound video analysis for the detection of pneumonia. This application is based on the processing of small video chunks, in which an image processing algorithm analyzes each frame to get some overall video statistics. Then, based on these quantities, the likeness of presence of pneumonia in the video is determined. The algorithm exploits different geometrical properties of typical anatomical and pathological features that commonly appear in lung sonography and which are already clinically typified in the literature...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227421/spectral-based-pneumonia-detection-tool-using-ultrasound-data-from-pediatric-populations
#18
O Zenteno, B Castaneda, R Lavarello, O Zenteno, B Castaneda, R Lavarello, B Castaneda, O Zenteno, R Lavarello
Pediatric Pneumonia is one of the principal causes of death by year on children under the age of five worldwide. The diagnosis is commonly made by clinical criteria with support from imaging tools like radiography. Lung ultrasound has been considered a low-cost and portable alternative for pneumonia imaging; however, interpretation is subjective and requires adequate training. In the present work, a pneumonia detection algorithm based on the measurement of the fundamental bandwidth downshift over depth of ultrasound radiofrequency (RF) signals is presented...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227418/automatic-pneumonia-detection-based-on-ultrasound-video-analysis
#19
Pedro Cisneros-Velarde, Malena Correa, Holger Mayta, Cynthia Anticona, Monica Pajuelo, Richard Oberhelman, William Checkley, Robert H Gilman, Dante Figueroa, Mirko Zimic, Roberto Lavarello, Benjamin Castaneda, Pedro Cisneros-Velarde, Malena Correa, Holger Mayta, Cynthia Anticona, Monica Pajuelo, Richard Oberhelman, William Checkley, Robert H Gilman, Dante Figueroa, Mirko Zimic, Roberto Lavarello, Benjamin Castaneda, Robert H Gilman, Holger Mayta, Monica Pajuelo, Cynthia Anticona, Roberto Lavarello, Dante Figueroa, Pedro Cisneros-Velarde, Richard Oberhelman, Mirko Zimic, Benjamin Castaneda, William Checkley, Malena Correa
Pneumonia is a disease which causes high mortality in children under five years old, particularly in developing countries. This paper proposes a novel application of ultrasound video analysis for the detection of pneumonia. This application is based on the processing of small video chunks, in which an image processing algorithm analyzes each frame to get some overall video statistics. Then, based on these quantities, the likeness of presence of pneumonia in the video is determined. The algorithm exploits different geometrical properties of typical anatomical and pathological features that commonly appear in lung sonography and which are already clinically typified in the literature...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202294/point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-in-children-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#20
Hayri Levent Yilmaz, Ahmet Kağan Özkaya, Sinem Sarı Gökay, Özlem Tolu Kendir, Hande Şenol
OBJECTIVES: To present lung ultrasound findings in children assessed with suspected pneumonia in the emergency department and to show the benefit of lung ultrasound in diagnosing pneumonia in comparison with chest X-rays. METHODS: This observational prospective study was performed in the pediatric emergency department of a single center. Point of care lung ultrasound was performed on each child by an independent sonographer blinded to the patient's clinical and chest X-ray findings...
July 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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