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trauma abdominal in adults

Gregory Nicolas, Tony Kfoury, Rasha Shimlati, Elliott Koury, Maroon Tohme, Elie Gharios, Raja Wakim
BACKGROUND Among the causes of constipation are bands and adhesions that lead to obstructions at different points in the intestinal tract. These can occur as a consequence of healing following surgery or trauma. However, an entity known as congenital band exists where a band is present from birth. Here we report three such cases of adults with symptoms of intestinal obstruction, in whom a congenital band was discovered through exploratory laparoscopy. CASE REPORT All three of these patients presented lacking a history of any abdominal trauma or previous abdominal surgeries, a fact that is often used to exclude an adhesion as a differential...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Louis Heyse-Moore
During most of his adult life, in counterpoint to his fame in describing the theory of evolution, Charles Darwin was chronically ill. He consulted many doctors with only limited and temporary success. His symptoms were many and varied. His doctors favoured dyspepsia or suppressed gout as the diagnosis. The Water Cure was only effective initially. Many diagnoses have been proposed by physicians since then. Perhaps he suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), not instead of but as well as other physical problems...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
Vasileios Rafailidis, Annamaria Deganello, Tom Watson, Paul S Sidhu, Maria E Sellars
Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) represents a complementary technique to grey-scale and colour Doppler ultrasonography (US) which allows for real-time visualization and characterization of tissue perfusion. Its inherent advantages in the child makes US an ideal imaging modality; repeatability and good tolerance along with the avoidance of computed tomography (CT), a source of ionizing radiation, renders US imaging desirable. Although currently paediatric CEUS is principally used in an "off-label" manner, US contrast agents have received regulatory approval for assessment of paediatric focal liver lesions in the United States of America...
September 9, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
L Brouwers, M Bemelman, W L M Kramer, F H W M van der Heijden
- In 90% of children, blunt abdominal trauma is the cause of renal, splenic or hepatic injury or an injury affecting a combination of these organs.- Because children's kidneys are anatomically less protected than those of adults, potential renal injury following direct trauma affecting the child's flank, for example by a handlebar or knee should be considered.- Symptoms of renal trauma include excoriations or haematoma on the flank, a 'seatbelt-sign', macroscopic haematuria and fractures of the ribs and vertebra...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Micah R Whitson, Paul H Mayo
Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is a useful imaging technique for the emergency medicine (EM) physician. Because of its growing use in EM, this article will summarize the historical development, the scope of practice, and some evidence supporting the current applications of POCUS in the adult emergency department. Bedside ultrasonography in the emergency department shares clinical applications with critical care ultrasonography, including goal-directed echocardiography, echocardiography during cardiac arrest, thoracic ultrasonography, evaluation for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, screening abdominal ultrasonography, ultrasonography in trauma, and guidance of procedures with ultrasonography...
August 15, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Michael Benzaquen, Dan Lebowitz, Pauline Belenotti, Jean-Marc Durand, Jacques Serratrice
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a bacterium responsible for 15 to 40 % of acute community-acquired pneumonia in children and 20 % of adult cases. Several extrapulmonary manifestations have been reported. We report a rare case of an adult patient suffering from pneumonia associated with an acute pancreatitis in the setting of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old Caucasian woman was referred for anorexia lasting for 1 week. Her past medical history was notable for congenital hydrocephalus with consecutive ventriculo-peritoneal shunt, epilepsia and paraparesis...
2016: BMC Research Notes
R Pande, A Saratzis, J Winter Beatty, C Doran, R Kirby, C Harmston
INTRODUCTION Blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) is a common injury in recent trauma series. The characteristics of patients with BAT have changed following the reconfiguration of UK trauma services. The aim of this study was to build a new profile for BAT patients undergoing immediate or delayed laparotomy. METHODS All 5,401 consecutive adults presenting with major trauma between April 2012 and April 2014 in the 3 major trauma centres in the West Midlands were analysed to identify all patients with BAT. A total of 2,793 patients with a mechanism of injury or symptomatology consistent with BAT were identified (52%)...
August 4, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Yuichi Nishihara, Yoshiki Kawaguchi, Hidejiro Urakami, Shiko Seki, Takashi Ohishi, Yoh Isobe, Sumio Matsumoto
We report a case of gastric volvulus with a large Bochdalek hernia successfully treated with emergency endoscopic reduction followed by elective laparoscopic mesh repair. The patient was a 71-year-old woman with no history of trauma. She was referred to our hospital because of nausea and vomiting after eating. Thoracic and abdominal CT showed gastric volvulus and a large Bochdalek hernia. The patient underwent emergency endoscopic reduction and elective laparoscopic surgery. The defect (10 × 12 cm) was reinforced with a Dual Mesh (expanded polytetrafluoroethylene) and fixed to the diaphragm with nonabsorbable sutures...
July 26, 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Bahman Farhangi, Arezo Farhangi, Alireza Firouzjahi, Babak Jahed
BACKGROUND: Splenic cysts are rare in all age groups and there are a few reports in the world literature. Primary cysts occur most frequently in children and young adults, comprising around 25% of all nonparasitic splenic cysts. Various techniques are suggested for the treatment of splenic cysts. In this case report, a huge epithelial splenic cyst in a 17-year-old female is presented and different treatment methods of splenic cysts are evaluated. CASE PRESENTATION: A 17-year-old female presented with progressive abdominal mass in left upper quadrant associated with abdominal pain and food intolerance of duration of several months...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Rebecca Davies, Elizabeth Rozanski, Florina Tseng, Samuel Jennings, April Paul
OBJECTIVE: To describe 3 near-full-term, young-adult felids (2 domestic shorthair cats, and 1 bobcat [Lynx rufus]) that experienced uterine rupture following trauma. SERIES SUMMARY: Two of the animals had motor vehicular trauma and 1 had abdominal bite wounds. The 2 domestic cats that were treated with surgical exploration and ovariohysterectomy recovered uneventfully. The bobcat died during hospitalization prior to surgical intervention, and necropsy identified uterine rupture and associated peritonitis...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Bishwajit Bhattacharya, Adrian Maung, Kevin Schuster, Kimberly A Davis
BACKGROUND: Trauma centers are seeing an increasing number of geriatric patients that are more susceptible to injuries even from relatively minor insults such as a ground level fall (GLF). As life expectancy increases, people are living in the geriatric age bracket for decades and often use anticoagulation agents for various comorbidities. We hypothesize that this patient population is not homogenous and we investigated the injury patterns and outcomes after GLF as a function of age and anticoagulation use...
September 2016: Injury
Aman Wadhwani, Lancia Guo, Erik Saude, Hein Els, Eddie Lang, Andrew McRae, Deepak Bhayana
PURPOSE: The study sought to compare radiologist's ability to 1) visualize the appendix; 2) diagnose acute appendicitis; and 3) diagnose alternative pathologies responsible for acute abdominal pain among adult patients undergoing computed tomography (CT) scan with 3 different protocols: 1) intravenous (IV) contrast only; 2) IV and oral contrast with 1-hour transit time; and 3) IV and oral contrast with 3-hour transit time. METHODS: We collected data of 225 patients; 75 consecutive patients with a clinical suspicion of appendicitis received oral contrast for 3 hours and IV contrast, 75 received oral contrast for 1 hour and IV contrast, and 75 trauma patients received IV contrast only...
August 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
Peter Declercq, Stefaan Nijs, André DʼHoore, Eric Van Wijngaerden, Albert Wolthuis, Anthony de Buck van Overstraeten, Joost Wauters, Isabel Spriet
BACKGROUND: Augmented renal clearance refers to increased renal elimination of circulating solutes as compared with normal baseline and could lead to underexposure of frequently used renally eliminated antimicrobials. The primary objective was to assess the prevalence of augmented renal clearance in an adult non-critically ill surgery population. Besides, predictors for augmented renal clearance were investigated. A prospective observational single-center point prevalence study was conducted...
September 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Goutham Reddy Katukuri, Jagadesh Madireddi, Sumit Agarwal, Hashir Kareem, Tom Devasia
Diaphragmatic Hernia (DH) is the herniation of abdominal contents into the thorax through a rent in the diaphragm. Acquired DH most commonly occurs following a blunt or penetrating trauma to the abdomen with former being common than the later. Very rarely DH can be spontaneous and be asymptomatic until it's very extensive. A 78-year-old presented with breathlessness and chest pain of one month duration. There was dull note to percussion and absent breath sounds in left lower zone. Auscultation revealed bowel sounds in left infra-axillary and mammary area...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
M F Scriba, G L Laing, J L Bruce, B Sartorius, D L Clarke
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: This study compares planned repeat laparotomy (PR) with on-demand repeat laparotomy (OD) in a developing world setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted over a 30-month study period (December 2012-May 2015) at Greys Hospital, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. All trauma and general surgery adult patients requiring a single relaparotomy were included in this study. Prospectively gathered data entered into an established electronic registry were retrospectively analysed...
July 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Jaimin M Patel, Roisin Baker, Joyce Yeung, Charlotte Small
BACKGROUND: Lung-protective ventilation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome improves mortality. Adopting this strategy in the perioperative period has been shown to reduce lung inflammation and postoperative pulmonary and non-pulmonary sepsis complications in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. We conducted a prospective observational study into the intra-operative ventilation practice across the West Midlands to assess the use of lung-protective ventilation...
2016: Perioperative Medicine
Stephen J Fenton, Kristin N Sandoval, Austin M Stevens, Eric R Scaife
BACKGROUND: Angiography is a common treatment used in adults with blunt abdominal trauma and/or severe pelvic fractures. The Committee on Trauma of the American College of Surgeons has recently advocated for this resource to be urgently available at pediatric trauma centers; however, its usefulness in the pediatric setting is unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of angiography in the treatment of blunt abdominal trauma among injured children. METHODS: An analysis was performed using an established public use data set of children (younger than 18 years) treated at 20 participating trauma centers for blunt torso trauma through the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network...
August 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Camila Corzo, Alan Murdock, Louis Alarcon, Juan C Puyana
Mesenteric hematomas may present as a radiologic finding after blunt abdominal trauma that may be associated with surgically significant mesenteric and/or bowel injury. The question of whether to operate or not to operate on patients with mesenteric hematoma remains a topic of debate, especially with the improved imaging technology. This study sought to identify clinical and radiological characteristics for patient selection for operative management (OM) of mesenteric hematoma. A retrospective review of 33 adults with blunt abdominal trauma and mesenteric hematoma on CT scan (2009-2012) was performed...
April 2016: American Surgeon
Vittorio Miele, Claudia Lucia Piccolo, Margherita Trinci, Michele Galluzzo, Stefania Ianniello, Luca Brunese
Trauma is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood, and blunt trauma accounts for 80-90 % of abdominal injuries. The mechanism of trauma is quite similar to that of the adults, but there are important physiologic differences between children and adults in this field, such as the smaller blood vessels and the high vasoconstrictive response, leading to the spreading of a non-operative management. The early imaging of children undergoing a low-energy trauma can be performed by CEUS, a valuable diagnostic tool to demonstrate solid organ injuries with almost the same sensitivity of CT scans; nevertheless, as for as urinary tract injuries, MDCT remains still the technique of choice, because of its high sensitivity and accuracy, helping to discriminate between an intra-peritoneal form a retroperitoneal urinary leakage, requiring two different managements...
May 2016: La Radiologia Medica
Ali Çağrı Tekin, Haluk Çabuk, Cem Dinçay Büyükkurt, Süleyman Semih Dedeoğlu, Yunus İmren, Hakan Gürbüz
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic inferior hip dislocation is the least common of all hip dislocations. Adult inferior hip dislocations usually occur after high-energy trauma, very few cases are reported without fracture. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 26-year-old female was brought to the emergency department with severe pain in the left hip, impaired posture and restricted movement following a fall from 15m height. The hip joint was fixed in 90° flexion, 15° abduction, and 20° external rotation...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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