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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108993/experience-from-a-multi-country-initiative-to-improve-the-monitoring-of-selected-reproductive-health-indicators-in-africa
#1
Maria Barreix, Özge Tunçalp, Namuunda Mutombo, Ayotunde A Adegboyega, Lale Say
Universal access to sexual and reproductive health remains part of the unfinished business of global development in the Africa. To achieve it, health interventions should be monitored using programmatic indicators. WHO's Strengthening Measurement of Reproductive Health Indicators in Africa initiative, implemented in Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, and Zimbabwe, aimed to improve national information systems for routine monitoring of reproductive health indicators. Participating countries developed action plans employing a two-pronged strategy: (1) revising, standardizing, and harmonizing existing information-system reproductive health indicators; and (2) building data-collection capacity through training and supervision at select pilot sites...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108826/the-sacral-parasympathetic-system-is-actually-sympathetic-and-other-updates-on-recent-autonomic-research
#2
EDITORIAL
Mitchell G Miglis, Srikanth Muppidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108448/arnapipe-a-balanced-efficient-and-distributed-pipeline-for-processing-rna-seq-data-in-high-performance-computing-environments
#3
Arnald Alonso, Brittany N Lasseigne, Kelly Williams, Josh Nielsen, Ryne C Ramaker, Andrew A Hardigan, Bobbi Johnston, Brian S Roberts, Sara J Cooper, Sara Marsal, Richard M Myers
The wide range of RNA-seq applications and their high computational needs require the development of pipelines orchestrating the entire workflow and optimizing usage of available computational resources. We present aRNApipe, a project-oriented pipeline for processing of RNA-seq data in high performance cluster environments. aRNApipe is highly modular and can be easily migrated to any high performance computing (HPC) environment. The current applications included in aRNApipe combine the essential RNA-seq primary analyses, including quality control metrics, transcript alignment, count generation, transcript fusion identification, alternative splicing, and sequence variant calling...
January 19, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108395/temporal-orienting-precedes-intersensory-attention-and-has-opposing-effects-on-early-evoked-brain-activity
#4
Julian Keil, Ulrich Pomper, Nele Feuerbach, Daniel Senkowski
Intersensory attention (IA) describes the process of directing attention to a specific modality. Temporal orienting (TO) characterizes directing attention to a specific moment in time. Previously, studies indicated that these two processes could have opposite effects on early evoked brain activity. The exact time-course and processing stages of both processes are still unknown. In this human electroencephalography study, we investigated the effects of IA and TO on visuo-tactile stimulus processing within one paradigm...
January 17, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108375/the-role-of-pattern-recognition-receptors-in-lung-sarcoidosis
#5
Esmaeil Mortaz, Ian M Adcock, Atefhe Abedini, Arda Kiani, Mehdi Kazempour-Dizaji, Masoud Movassaghi, Johan Garssen
Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology. Infection, genetic factors, autoimmunity and an aberrant innate immune system have been explored as potential causes of sarcoidosis. The etiology of sarcoidosis remains unknown, and it is thought that it might be caused by an infectious agent in a genetically predisposed, susceptible host. Inflammation results from recognition of evolutionarily conserved structures of pathogens (Pathogen-associated molecular patterns, PAMPs) and/or from reaction to tissue damage associated patterns (DAMPs) through recognition by a limited number of germ line-encoded pattern recognition receptors (PRRs)...
January 17, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108205/modifying-the-phenotypic-frailty-model-in-predicting-risk-of-major-osteoporotic-fracture-in-the-elderly
#6
Guowei Li, Alexandra Papaioannou, Lehana Thabane, Mitchell A H Levine, George Ioannidis, Andy K O Wong, Arthur Lau, Jonathan D Adachi
INTRODUCTION: The phenotypic frailty (PF) model (including slow walking, low physical activity, exhaustion, weakness, and unintentional weight loss) has been widely used to quantify the degree of frailty and predict risks of adverse health outcomes for the elderly. However, evidence has shown that not all the components included in the PF model contribute equally, and low predictive accuracy of the PF model has been reported in predicting risks of outcomes. We aimed to improve predictive accuracy of the PF model in risk of major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) in the elderly by modifying its weighting of individual components...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108179/symptomatic-treatment-of-cough-among-adult-patients-with-lung-cancer-chest-guidelines-and-expert-panel-report
#7
Alex Molassiotis, Jaclyn A Smith, Peter Mazzone, Fiona Blackhall, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Cough among patients with lung cancer is a common but often undertreated symptom. We have used a recent Cochrane systematic review, among other sources of evidence, to update the recommendations and suggestions of the CHEST 2006 guideline on this topic. METHODS: The American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodologic guidelines and the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation framework were used. The Expert Cough Panel based their recommendations on data from the Cochrane systematic review on the topic, uncontrolled studies, case studies, and the clinical context...
January 17, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108164/assessment-of-co-benefits-of-vehicle-emission-reduction-measures-for-2015-2020-in-the-pearl-river-delta-region-china
#8
Yong-Hong Liu, Wen-Yuan Liao, Xiao-Fang Lin, Li Li, Xue-Lan Zeng
Vehicle emissions have become one of the key factors affecting the urban air quality and climate change in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, so it is important to design policies of emission reduction based on quantitative Co-benefits for air pollutants and greenhouse gas (GHG). Emissions of air pollutants and GHG by 2020 was predicted firstly based on the no-control scenario, and five vehicle emissions reduction scenarios were designed in view of the economy, technology and policy, whose emissions reduction were calculated...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107873/situation-analysis-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-an-endemic-area-south-of-iran
#9
Mansour Nazari, Saman Nazari, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Ali Najafi, Sasan Nazari
OBJECTIVE: To update current situation of the cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Kazerun County, southwest of Iran and to analyse the epidemiological aspects of the disease during 2005-2015. METHODS: Data on CL were obtained from the Health Center of Kazerun County, and then were analysed and mapped using SPSS and Arc GIS 10.3. RESULTS: A total of 700 cases of CL were recorded during the study period with an overall decreasing trend from 2005 to 2015...
January 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107867/an-update-on-the-2014-ebola-outbreak-in-western-africa
#10
REVIEW
Haaris A Shiwani, Rebabonye B Pharithi, Barkat Khan, Christian Binoun-A Egom, Peter Kruzliak, Vincent Maher, Emmanuel Eroume-A Egom
The recent Ebola outbreak in Western Africa was the most devastating outbreak witnessed in recent times. There have been remarkable local and international efforts to control the crisis. Ebola Virus Disease is the focus of immense research activity. The progression of events in the region has been evolving swiftly and it is of paramount importance to the medical community to be acquainted with the situation. Over 28000 people were inflicted with the condition, over 11000 have died. Novel data has emerged regarding modes of transmission, providing rationale for recent flare-ups...
January 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107607/epidemiology-update-for-hepatitis-c-virus-and-hepatitis-b-virus-in-end-stage-renal-disease-in-france-r%C3%A3-seau-epid%C3%A3-miologique-et-information-en-n%C3%A3-phrologie-registry
#11
Corinne Isnard Bagnis, Cécile Couchoud, Marc Bowens, Ayman Sarraj, Gilbert Deray, Jérôme Tourret, Patrice Cacoub, Sophie Tezenas du Montcel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Risk for HCV/HBV infection is increased in ESRD patients. We generate updated epidemiological data. METHODS: Based on the National French registry for ESRD, we extracted data for patients who started dialysis or preemptive transplantation between January, 2005 and December, 2013. A positive serum HBs Ag and/or a positive HCV RNA defined HBV and HCV infections, respectively. RESULTS: 72,948 patients were included among which 62...
January 20, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107561/beta-blockers-for-hypertension
#12
REVIEW
Charles S Wiysonge, Hazel A Bradley, Jimmy Volmink, Bongani M Mayosi, Lionel H Opie
BACKGROUND: Beta-blockers refer to a mixed group of drugs with diverse pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties. They have shown long-term beneficial effects on mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) when used in people with heart failure or acute myocardial infarction. Beta-blockers were thought to have similar beneficial effects when used as first-line therapy for hypertension. However, the benefit of beta-blockers as first-line therapy for hypertension without compelling indications is controversial...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107456/social-inequalities-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adults-the-role-of-objective-and-subjective-socioeconomic-status
#13
Jens Hoebel, Ulrike E Maske, Hajo Zeeb, Thomas Lampert
BACKGROUND: There is substantial evidence that lower objective socioeconomic status (SES)-as measured by education, occupation, and income-is associated with a higher risk of depression. Less is known, however, about associations between perceptions of social status and the prevalence of depression. This study investigated associations of both objective SES and subjective social status (SSS) with depressive symptoms among adults in Germany. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2013 special wave of the German Health Update study, a national health survey of the adult population in Germany...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107323/multiple-myeloma-mentorship-bridging-communication-and-educational-gaps%C3%A2
#14
Beth Faiman, Sandra E Kurtin, Jocelyn Timko, Linda Gracie-King
BACKGROUND: The 2014 Multiple Myeloma (MM) Mentorship Program provided a focused, interactive, peer-to-peer educational experience, including updates in MM, for 10 mentees that led to advanced clinical educator status. 
. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the program was (a) to improve mentees' knowledge, competency, confidence, and level of performance in the management of MM and (b) to build speaking expertise.
. METHODS: From May 2014 to March 2015, 10 mentees were educated on MM with a structured serial learning curriculum...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107209/nephropathic-cystinosis-an-update
#15
Koenraad R Veys, Mohamed A Elmonem, Fanny O Arcolino, Lambertus van den Heuvel, Elena Levtchenko
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Over the past few decades, cystinosis, a rare lysosomal storage disorder, has evolved into a treatable metabolic disease. The increasing understanding of its pathophysiology has made cystinosis a prototype disease, delivering new insights into several fundamental biochemical and cellular processes. RECENT FINDINGS: In this review, we aim to provide an overview of the latest advances in the pathogenetic, clinical, and therapeutic aspects of cystinosis...
January 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107128/fgdp-uk-divisional-update
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107126/membership-update
#17
Gareth Kingston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107125/dean-s-update
#18
Mick Horton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106865/february-updates-people-places
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Lab Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106762/contribution-of-trans-fatty-acid-intake-to-coronary-heart-disease-burden-in-australia-a-modelling-study
#20
Jason H Y Wu, Miaobing Zheng, Elise Catterall, Shauna Downs, Beth Thomas, Lennert Veerman, Jan J Barendregt
Trans-fatty acids (TFAs) intake has been consistently associated with a higher risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. We provided an updated assessment of TFA intake in Australian adults in 2010 and conducted modeling to estimate CHD mortality attributable to TFA intake. Data of the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey was used to assess TFA intake. The CHD burden attributable to TFA was calculated by comparing the current level of TFA intake to a counterfactual setting where consumption was lowered to a theoretical minimum distribution of 0...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
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