keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pelvic floor muscles

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339839/recent-advances-in-understanding-pelvic-floor-tissue-of-women-with-and-without-pelvic-organ-prolapse-considerations-for-physical-therapists
#1
Kimberly Saunders
Pelvic organ prolapse is a fairly common condition that imposes significant symptoms, diminished quality of life, social burden, financial expense, and surgical risk on women. As evidence supporting the benefit of pelvic floor muscle training in non-surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse grows, physical therapists are becoming a provider of choice interacting with women affected by pelvic organ prolapse. This perspective will review recent research on tissue characteristics of three key components of pelvic organ support: skeletal muscle, ligament, and the vaginal wall...
February 28, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335792/can-incontinence-be-cured-a-systematic-review-of-cure-rates
#2
Rob Riemsma, Suzanne Hagen, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns, Christine Norton, Helle Wijk, Karl-Erik Andersson, Christopher Chapple, Julian Spinks, Adrian Wagg, Edward Hutt, Kate Misso, Sohan Deshpande, Jos Kleijnen, Ian Milsom
BACKGROUND: Incontinence constitutes a major health problem affecting millions of people worldwide. The present study aims to assess cure rates from treating urinary (UI) or fecal incontinence (FI) and the number of people who may remain dependent on containment strategies. METHODS: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), CINAHL, and PEDro were searched from January 2005 to June 2015. Supplementary searches included conference abstracts and trials registers (2013-2015)...
March 24, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332234/pelvic-floor-muscle-therapy-or-alpha-blocking-agents-for-treatment-of-men-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Jan Hut, Wouter K van der Heide, Boudewijn J Kollen, Embert J Messelink, Marco H Blanker, Janny H Dekker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330675/what-does-electromyography-tell-us-about-dyspareunia
#4
REVIEW
Linda McLean, Kaylee Brooks
INTRODUCTION: Emergent evidence suggests that pelvic floor muscle (PFM) dysfunction contributes to dyspareunia, the experience of pain on vaginal penetration. Electromyography (EMG) is a valuable tool for the assessment of neuromuscular control and could be very useful in enhancing our understanding of PFM involvement in sexual function and in conditions such as dyspareunia. However, PFM EMG must be interpreted within the context of the many factors that can influence findings. AIM: To outline the main factors to consider when evaluating PFM EMG for female sexual function and dyspareunia and to synthesize the literature in which EMG has been acquired and interpreted appropriately in this context...
March 18, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323222/laparoscopic-nerve-preserving-sacropexy
#5
Alfredo Ercoli, Stefano Cosma, Francesca Riboni, Giuseppe Campagna, Paolo Petruzzelli, Daniela Surico, Saverio Danese, Giovanni Scambia, Chiara Benedetto
STUDY OBJECTIVE: to demonstrate our developed nerve preserving technique during laparoscopic sacropexy (LSP) for multicompartment pelvic organ prolapse. DESIGN: exemplificative case of our surgical procedure based on a multicentric experience consisting of more than 800 cases in 10 years without major intraoperative complications. Informed consent was taken from the subject, and the institutional review board approved this research. SETTING: public practice at Maggiore della Carità University Hospital, Novara; at Sant'Anna Hospital, City of Health and Science, University of Torino; at A...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306603/current-treatment-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-correlated-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction
#6
Bernhard Liedl, Klaus Goeschen, Leopold Durner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to critically analyze the relationship between symptoms of abnormal emptying of the bladder, urgency, pelvic pain, anorectal dysfunction and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to present evidence in order to show how many of the above mentioned symptoms can be cured or substantially improved by repair of specific pelvic ligaments. RECENT FINDINGS: In this review, we provide evidence to show how often these dysfunctions occur and how they can be cured in 42-94% by appropriate pelvic floor surgery in the longer term, up to 2 years...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303730/biomechanical-properties-of-the-pelvic-floor-muscles-of-continent-and-incontinent-women-using-an-inverse-finite-element-analysis
#7
M E T Silva, S Brandão, M P L Parente, T Mascarenhas, R M Natal Jorge
Pelvic disorders can be associated with changes in the biomechanical properties in the muscle, ligaments and/or connective tissue form fascia and ligaments. In this sense, the study of their mechanical behavior is important to understand the structure and function of these biological soft tissues. The aim of this study was to establish the biomechanical properties of the pelvic floor muscles of continent and incontinent women, using an inverse finite element analysis (FEA). The numerical models, including the pubovisceral muscle and pelvic bones were built from magnetic resonance (MR) images acquired at rest...
March 17, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299781/architectural-differences-in-the-anterior-and-middle-compartments-of-the-pelvic-floor-of-young-adult-and-postmenopausal-females
#8
Yi Wu, Noshir F Dabhoiwala, Jaco Hagoort, Li-Wen Tan, Shao-Xiang Zhang, Wouter H Lamers
The pelvic floor guards the passage of the pelvic organs to the exterior. The near-epidemic prevalence of incontinence in women continues to generate interest in the functional anatomy of the pelvic floor. However, due to its complex architecture and poor accessibility, the classical 'dissectional' approach has been unable to come up with a satisfactory description, so that many aspects of its anatomy continue to raise debate. For this reason, we opted for a 'sectional' approach, using the Chinese Visible Human project (four females, 21-35 years) and the Visible Human Project (USA; one female, 59 years) datasets to investigate age-related changes in the architecture of the anterior and middle compartments of the pelvic floor...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299404/an-intra-and-interrater-reliability-and-agreement-study-of-vaginal-resting-pressure-pelvic-floor-muscle-strength-and-muscular-endurance-using-a-manometer
#9
Merete Kolberg Tennfjord, Marie Ellström Engh, Kari Bø
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Manometry is commonly used to assess pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function. Aims of the study were to assess intra- and interrater reliability and agreement of vaginal resting pressure, PFM strength, and muscular endurance using a high-precision pressure transducer. METHODS: A convenient sample of 23 women was included. The participants were tested twice by two examiners on day 1 and retested after 1 week by one examiner. Vaginal resting pressure, PFM strength, and muscular endurance were measured by manometer (Camtech AS)...
March 16, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293791/pregnant-women-s-awareness-knowledge-and-beliefs-about-pelvic-floor-muscles-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Anne-Marie Hill, Steven M McPhail, Judith M Wilson, Richard G Berlach
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pregnant women benefit from completing pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFMEs). The aims of the study were to evaluate pregnant women's levels of awareness, knowledge, and beliefs about the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) and PFMEs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. Respondents were pregnant women over the age of 18 years who attended antenatal clinics in Western Australia (WA). Questionnaire items measured awareness and knowledge about PFMs, confidence and beliefs about engaging in PFMEs, and attendance at antenatal education (ANE) classes...
March 14, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288779/childhood-incontinence-and-pelvic-floor-muscle-function-can-we-learn-from-adult-research
#11
Janet Chase, Lewina Schrale
Little research has been undertaken regarding pelvic floor muscle function and dysfunction in children. Apart from dysfunctional voiding, whether specific dysfunction of these muscles contributes to different types of childhood incontinence is not documented. The two areas of practice, that is adult and paediatric incontinence, are quite different; nevertheless, there may be lessons to be learned from the extensive work done in pelvic floor dysfunction and rehabilitation in adults. In this paper key points regarding pelvic floor muscle function and dysfunction in adults, and lessons that can be learned from how studies are reported and how muscle function is measured are presented...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287977/neurostimulation-strategy-for-stress-urinary-incontinence
#12
Xuechen Huang, Kaihui Zheng, Sam Kohan, Petcharat May Denprasert, Limin Liao, Gerald E Loeb
We have developed a percutaneously implantable and wireless microstimulator (NuStim®) to exercise the pelvic floor muscles for treatment of stress urinary incontinence. It produces a wide range of charge-regulated electrical stimulation pulses and trains of pulses using a simple electronic circuit that receives power and timing information from an externally generated RF magnetic field. The complete system was validated in vitro and in vivo in preclinical studies demonstrating that the NuStim can be successfully implanted into an effective, low threshold location and the implant can be operated chronically to produce effective and well-tolerated contractions of skeletal muscle...
March 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285397/architectural-assessment-of-rhesus-macaque-pelvic-floor-muscles-comparison-for-use-as-a-human-model
#13
Amanda M Stewart, Mark S Cook, Mary C Esparza, Ov D Slayden, Marianna Alperin
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Animal models are essential to further our understanding of the independent and combined function of human pelvic floor muscles (PFMs), as direct studies in women are limited. To assure suitability of the rhesus macaque (RM), we compared RM and human PFM architecture, the strongest predictor of muscle function. We hypothesized that relative to other models, RM best resembles human PFM. METHODS: Major architectural parameters of cadaveric human coccygeus, iliococcygeus, and pubovisceralis (pubococcygeus + puborectalis) and corresponding RM coccygeus, iliocaudalis, and pubovisceralis (pubovaginalis + pubocaudalis) were compared using 1- and 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with post hoc testing...
March 11, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284822/-algorithms-and-urinary-incontinence-in-the-elderly-assessment-treatment-recommendations-and-levels-of-evidence-review
#14
P Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Search processing algorithms in a primary care setting, analyzing the specifics of care management for seniors suffering from urinary incontinence (UI), described the recommendations and levels of evidence of treatment. METHODS: A literature review carried out via PubMed(®) and websites of scientific societies with search keywords classified according to an algorithm. RESULTS: One hundred algorithms have been discovered in the field of evaluation and treatment of UI...
March 8, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277469/correlation-between-transperineal-3-dimensional-ultrasound-measurements-of-levator-hiatus-and-female-sexual-function
#15
Serdar Aydin, Rabia Zehra Bakar, Çağri Arioğlu Aydin, Seda Ateş
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the association of sexual functions with levator hiatus biometry measurements and levator ani muscle defect. METHODS: In 62 heterosexual, sexually active premenopausal women without pelvic floor disorders or urinary incontinence, 3-dimensional transperineal ultrasound imaging was used. Two 3-dimensional volumes were recorded, one at rest and one on Valsalva maneuver. Levator biometry measurements and levator defect were evaluated in an axial plane...
March 9, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267057/female-pelvic-floor-biomechanics-bridging-the-gap
#16
Deanna C Easley, Steven D Abramowitch, Pamela A Moalli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The pelvic floor is a complex assembly of connective tissues and striated muscles that simultaneously counteracts gravitational forces, inertial forces, and intra-abdominal pressures while maintaining the position of the pelvic organs. In 30% of women, injury or failure of the pelvic floor results in pelvic organ prolapse. Surgical treatments have high recurrence rates, due, in part, to a limited understanding of physiologic loading conditions. It is critical to apply biomechanics to help elucidate how altered loading conditions of the pelvis contribute to the development of pelvic organ prolapse and to define surgeries to restore normal support...
March 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259741/non-relaxing-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-is-an-underestimated-complication-of-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis
#17
Kevin P Quinn, Chung Sang Tse, Amy L Lightner, Richard S Pendegraft, Felicity T Enders, Laura E Raffals
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-relaxing pelvic floor dysfunction (N-RPFD), or dyssynergic defecation, is the paradoxical contraction and/or impaired relaxation of pelvic floor and anal muscles during defecation. Few studies have evaluated this disorder in patients with an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). We investigated the frequency of N-RPFD in patients with and without chronic pouchitis following IPAA and the effectiveness of biofeedback therapy within this population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all patients with an IPAA who underwent anorectal manometry (ARM) between January 2000 and March 2015 (n=111)...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252827/the-effect-of-rehabilitation-exercises-combined-with-direct-vagina-low-voltage-low-frequency-electric-stimulation-on-pelvic-nerve-electrophysiology-and-tissue-function-in-primiparous-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Sumian Yang, Wenshu Sang, Jing Feng, Haifeng Zhao, Xian Li, Ping Li, Hongfang Fan, Zengjun Tang, Lina Gao
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of rehabilitation exercises combined with Direct Vagina Low Voltage Low Frequency Electric Stimulation (DES) on pelvic nerve electrophysiology and tissue function after delivery. BACKGROUND: Whether and how DES effects pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) are not known clearly. DESIGN: This was a randomised, controlled clinical trial. METHODS: The 189 primiparous women 20-35 years old and with an episiotomy or second degree episiotomy tear were divided into three groups: the control group (n=60) received routine postpartum guidance 2 hours postpartum, the training group (n=63) performed rehabilitation exercises (Kegel exercises and pelvic movements) from 2 days postpartum until 3 months postpartum, and the combination group (n=66) received DES 15 times (3 times a week for 30 min at a time) beginning at the sixth week postpartum in addition to performing rehabilitation exercises...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247326/reconstructive-management-options-of-delayed-complications-following-bladder-outlet-surgery
#19
REVIEW
Nora Baker, Carmen Tong, Jay Simhan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Technological advancements in urologic endoscopy within the last decades have improved outcomes following bladder outlet reduction surgery while minimizing risks of short- and intermediate-term complications. This review aims to examine late complications of endoscopic reduction of the prostate and the various treatment options available. RECENT FINDINGS: Urinary incontinence, ejaculatory dysfunction, urethral strictures, bladder neck contractures, and fistula formations are the most common delayed complications following bladder outlet reduction surgery...
April 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236365/a-longitudinal-follow-up-of-pelvic-floor-biometry-what-are-the-factors-affecting-it
#20
Symphorosa Sc Chan, Rachel Yk Cheung, L L Lee, Tony Kh Chung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pelvic floor biometry 3-5 years after first delivery. The effect of a second delivery and mode of delivery were studied. METHODS: Women, who had been assessed at first pregnancy, 8 weeks postnatally and one year after delivery, were invited for follow-up. Positions of the bladder neck (BN), cervix, anorectal junction and hiatal area (HA), were evaluated by translabial ultrasound. The effects of parity, mode of delivery and levator ani muscle (LAM) avulsion were studied...
February 25, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
keyword
keyword
94339
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"