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Substance abuse elderly

Nikki R Wooten, Abbas S Tavakoli, Marlene B Al-Barwani, Naomi A Thomas, Hrishikesh Chakraborty, Anna M Scheyett, Kelly M Kaminski, Alyssia C Woods, Sue E Levkoff
BACKGROUND: Screening older veterans in Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) primary care clinics for risky drinking facilitates early identification and referral to treatment. OBJECTIVE: This study compared two behavioral health models, integrated care (a standardized brief alcohol intervention co-located in primary care clinics) and enhanced referral care (referral to specialty mental health or substance abuse clinics), for reducing risky drinking among older male VAMC primary care patients...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Marguerite DeLiema, Jeanine Yonashiro-Cho, Zach D Gassoumis, Yongjie Yon, Ken J Conrad
Objectives: Research suggests that abuser risk factors differ across elder mistreatment types, but abuse interventions are not individualized. To move away from assumptions of perpetrator homogeneity and to inform intervention approaches, this study classifies abusers into subtypes according to their behavior profiles. Method: Data are from the Older Adult Mistreatment Assessment administered to victims by Adult Protective Service (APS) in Illinois. Latent class analysis was used to categorize abusers (N = 336) using victim and caseworker reports on abusers' harmful and supportive behaviors and characteristics...
March 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Pascal Menecier, Laure Menecier-Ossia
Psychotropic medicines represent, after alcohol, the second class of substances most susceptible to abuse by elderly people. It can be particularly difficult for caregivers to understand such behaviour as these are prescription-only medicines. This misuse is partly a result of older people tending to trivialise and overrate pharmaceutical drugs, ignoring the potential of non-medicinal methods and psychotherapeutic treatments. The boundaries between prescribed use, overuse, self-medication, excessive use, dependency or addiction to prescription drugs are blurred in older people...
January 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
Lori L Jervis, William Sconzert-Hall, The Shielding American Indian Elders Project Team
The problem of how to conceptualize elder mistreatment goes back several decades, and is especially important for ethnic minority populations, who may have perspectives that differ from the dominant society. This community-based participatory research study, which examined perceptions of mistreatment by family among 100 urban and rural older American Indians, permits a rare glimpse into how Native elders themselves understand this issue. Here, good treatment was conceptualized in terms of being taken care of, having one's needs met, and being respected...
January 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Cynthia Lien, Tony Rosen, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Robert C Abrams, Maria Pavlou, Mark S Lachs
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of personal experience or behavior in self-neglect by exploring narratives of cognitively intact older adults. DESIGN: Descriptive study involving semistructured interviews and unstructured narratives. SETTING: A parent study of self-neglect characteristics. PARTICIPANTS: Cognitively intact, self-neglecting older adults referred from 11 community-based senior services agencies (N = 69)...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Tony Rosen, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Veronica M LoFaso, Sunday Clark, Neal E Flomenbaum, Risa Breckman, Arlene Markarian, Catherine Riffin, Mark S Lachs, Karl Pillemer
Elder abuse is a common phenomenon with potentially devastating consequences for older adults. Although researchers have begun to identify predisposing risk factors for elder abuse victims and abusers, little is known about the acute precipitants that lead to escalation to physical violence. We analyzed legal records from highly adjudicated cases to describe these acute precipitants for physical elder abuse. In collaboration with a large, urban district attorney's office, we qualitatively evaluated legal records from 87 successfully prosecuted physical elder abuse cases from 2003 to 2015...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Traci Rieckmann, Laurie A Moore, Calvin D Croy, Douglas K Novins, Gregory Aarons
American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIANs) experience major disparities in accessing quality care for mental health and substance use disorders. There are long-standing concerns about access to and quality of care for AIANs in rural and urban areas including the influence of staff and organizational factors, and attitudes toward evidence-based treatment for addiction. We conducted the first national survey of programs serving AIAN communities and examined workforce and programmatic differences between clinics located in urban/suburban (n=50) and rural (n=142) communities...
September 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Sandra L Momper, Mary Kate Dennis, Amelia C Mueller-Williams
In this Great Lakes Indian reservation qualitative study we utilized focus groups in the form of talking circles to elicit tribal members' views of alcohol use. We report on how the elder participants utilized the talking circles to inform the youth of the deleterious effects of alcohol use and abuse. Indigenous research methods were utilized so elder tribal members were consulted about the study; an elder was hired as a research associate; youth were hired as note takers/observers; and the 2-hour groups were led by a tribal community member...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Nancy Elder, Michelle Penm, Harini Pallerla, Mary Beth Vonder Meulen, Amy Diane Short, Tiffiny Diers, Ryan Joseph Imhoff, Brendan Wilson, Jill Martin Boone
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain (CP) care in the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model has not been well studied. We assessed whether PCMH recognition is associated with increased provision of key practice recommendations for CP assessment and management. METHODS: Chart reviews were completed for 12 primary care practices affiliated with one health system in the Cincinnati Area Research and Improvement Group (CARInG). Recommendations were abstracted and compared based on PCMH status: 3 practices had received prior PCMH level 3 recognition, 5 were in an ongoing process of applying, and 4 had no recognition and were not applying...
July 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Adele Minutillo, Roberta Pacifici, Giulia Scaravelli, Roberto De Luca, Ilaria Palmi, Claudia Mortali, Luisa Mastrobattista, Paolo Berretta
INTRODUCTION: Gender disparity in different fields of addiction such as tobacco smoking, alcohol use, drugs of abuse consumption and doping practice has been investigated in Italian population. METHODS: We used the surveys and studies carried out for the above reported issues in recent years as revised by the "National Observatory on Tobacco smoke, Drugs of abuse, Alcohol and Doping" at Istituto Superiore di Sanità. RESULTS: Concerning tobacco habit, the trend of smoking women has been in constant decrease from a 19...
April 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Sonia Abad, Carla Ramon, David Pubill, Jorge Camarasa, Antonio Camins, Elena Escubedo
MDMA is one of the most used drugs by adolescents and its consumption has been associated with many psychobiological problems, among them psychomotor problems. Moreover, some authors described that early exposure to MDMA may render the dopaminergic neurons more vulnerable to the effects of future neurotoxic insults. Alzheimer disease (AD) is the main cause of dementia in the elderly and a percentage of the patients have predisposition to suffer nigrostriatal alterations, developing extrapyramidal signs. Nigrostriatal dysfunction in the brain of aged APPswe/PS1dE9 (APP/PS1), a mouse model of familiar AD (FAD), has also been described...
September 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Agnieszka Lisowska, Magdalena Makarewicz-Wujec, Krzysztof J Filipiak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Kardiologia Polska
Jennifer A Mallow, Laurie A Theeke, Patricia Crawford, Elizabeth Prendergast, Chuck Conner, Tony Richards, Barbara McKown, Donna Bush, Donald Reed, Meagan E Stabler, Jianjun Zhang, Geri Dino, Taura L Barr
PURPOSE: Rural communities have limited knowledge about genetics and genomics and are also underrepresented in genomic education initiatives. The purpose of this project was to assess genomic and epigenetic knowledge and beliefs in rural West Virginia. SAMPLE: A total of 93 participants from three communities participated in focus groups and 68 participants completed a demographic survey. The age of the respondents ranged from 21 to 81 years. Most respondents had a household income of less than $40,000, were female and most were married, completed at least a HS/GED or some college education working either part-time or full-time...
2016: Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care: the Official Journal of the Rural Nurse Organization
Ivan Koychev, Klaus P Ebmeier
Anxiety disorder in the elderly is twice as common as dementia and four to six times more common than major depression. Anxiety is associated with poorer quality of life, significant distress and contributes to the onset of disability. Mortality risks are also increased, through physical causes, especially cardiovascular disease, and suicide. Diagnosing anxiety disorders in older adults remains a challenge because of the significant overlap in symptoms between physical disorders (shortness of breath; abdominal and chest pain; palpitations) and depression (disturbed sleep; poor attention, concentration and memory; restlessness)...
January 2016: Practitioner
Kendon J Conrad, Pi-Ju Liu, Madelyn Iris
Substance abuse has long been identified as a risk factor for elder mistreatment, yet research on the topic remains sparse. This study tested hypotheses whether perpetrator and victim substance use problems were associated with financial exploitation, physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect versus no abuse. Cross-sectional data were collected on 948 cases with yes/no substantiation decisions where 357 cases had no abuse in elder mistreatment investigations. Hypotheses were tested using odds ratios, bivariate, and multiple linear regression analyses including a control for victim vulnerability...
April 4, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
David Tierney, Paul Bolton, Barnabas Matanu, Lorraine Garasu, Essah Barnabas, Derrick Silove
BACKGROUND: The Bougainville Crisis (1988-1997) was the largest armed conflict in the Pacific since WW-II. Despite this, there has been no assessment of the Mental Health and Psychosocial (MHPS) impact of the war. The aim of this paper is to summarize the available data regarding the longer-term MHPS impact of the Bougainville Crisis. METHODS: A literature review and a sequence of consultations in Bougainville were conducted to identify the MHPS impact of the Bougainville Crisis and the capacity within Bougainville to address these issues...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Jinjiao Wang, Joan A Kearney, Haomiao Jia, Jingjing Shang
BACKGROUND: Current evidence on mental health disorders (MHDs) in the U.S. elderly home care population is highly varied and limited to the local level. AIM: The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and characteristics of U.S. elders with MHDs on the national level. METHODS: This is a primary analysis of secondary use data from a 5% random sample of the 2010 National Outcome and Assessment Information Set (OASIS) data spanning a 60-day home care session...
March 2016: Nursing Research
H Joanna Jiang, Amy E Boutwell, James Maxwell, Angel Bourgoin, Marsha Regenstein, Ellie Andres
BACKGROUND: Efforts on reducing hospital readmissions, which are intended to improve quality and reduce costs, tend to focus on elderly Medicare beneficiaries without recognition of another high-risk population--adult nonmaternal Medicaid patients. This study was undertaken to understand the complexity of Medicaid readmission issues at the patient, provider, and system levels. METHODS: Multiple qualitative methods, including site visits to nine safety-net hospitals, patient/family/caregiver inter views, and semistructured interviews with health plans and state Medicaid agencies, were used in 2012 and 2013 to obtain information on patient, provider, and system issues related to Medicaid readmissions; strategies considered or currently used to address those issues; and any perceived financial, regulatory or, other policy factors inhibiting or facilitating readmission reduction efforts...
March 2016: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Timothy L Boaz, Marion A Becker, Ross Andel, Nicole McCutchan
OBJECTIVES: Hospitalizations for physical health problems can cause great mental health challenges. We examined risk factors and expenditures for early readmission for inpatient psychiatric treatment following a hospitalization for a non-psychiatric condition. METHOD: We used eight years of Florida Medicaid enrollment and claims data for (FY 2003-2011) as well as data obtained from the Florida Center for Health Information and Policy Analysis, Inpatient Hospital Database, to identify episodes of hospitalization for all Medicaid-enrolled older adults...
March 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Seyede Salehe Mortazavi, Mohsen Shati, Seyed Kazem Malakouti, Kazem Mohammad
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity of psychiatric disorders and substance abuse can intensify both conditions, and when advanced age is added to the combination, the patient will face a distinctive array of issues. This study evaluated the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in elderly substance users as well as certain related factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 160 consenting elderly substance users 60 years and over who had been on methadone maintenance...
November 2015: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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