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near miss

Anja H Greif, Peter Hrobárik, Jochen Autschbach, Martin Kaupp
Previous relativistic quantum-chemical predictions of unusually large (1)H and (13)C NMR chemical shifts for ligand atoms directly bonded to a diamagnetic uranium(vi) center (P. Hrobárik, V. Hrobáriková, A. H. Greif and M. Kaupp, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2012, 51, 10884) have been revisited by two- and four-component relativistic density functional methods. In particular, the effect of the exchange-correlation response kernel, which had been missing in the previously used two-component version of the Amsterdam Density Functional program, has been examined...
October 26, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Richard Kalisa, Stephen Rulisa, Thomas van den Akker, Jos van Roosmalen
BACKGROUND: The WHO Maternal Near Miss (MNM) approach was developed to evaluate and improve quality of obstetric care worldwide. This study aimed to study the incidence of MNM and quality of care at a district hospital in rural Rwanda by applying this approach. METHODS: A facility based, prospective cohort study conducted at a district hospital in rural Rwanda between June 2013 and December 2014. Subjects were followed from time of admission to discharge or death...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Christian Voigt, Andreas Schaller, Carsten Klöhn, Roger Scholz
PURPOSE: In revision total hip arthroplasty, until today, orthopaedic surgeons are missing evidence-based guidelines on cementless acetabular cup fixation. METHODS: 5 finite element models were generated featuring the following anchorage strategies: 1 short peg, 1 long peg, 2 long screws, 3 short screws and zero anchoring components for reference. The micromotions at the implant-bone interface were analyzed for 3 different loadcases, "Seated leg-crossing" (joint force 940 N, impingement force 750 N), "Normal gait" (joint force 1820 N), and "Stumbling" (joint force 4520 N)...
October 15, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Arthur Orlando Corrêa Schilithz, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: Maternal near-miss (MNM) audits are considered a useful approach to improving maternal healthcare. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with maternal near-miss cases in childbirth and the postpartum period in Brazil. METHODS: The study is based on data from a nationwide hospital-based survey of 23,894 women conducted in 2011-2012. The data are from interviews with mothers during the postpartum period and from hospital medical files...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
Miguel Ceballos, Gail Wallace, Glenda Goodwin
BACKGROUND: The presence of postpartum depression can lead to poor maternal-child attachment, failure to thrive, and even infant death. Postpartum depression affects 13-19 % of parturients. However, among racial and ethnic minority parturients, postpartum depression rates have been shown to reach up to 35-67 % (as reported by O'Hara and McCabe, Annu Rev Clin Psychol 9:379-407, 2013; Boury et al., Women Health. 39(3):19-34, 2004; Ramos-Marcuse et al.. J Affect Disord. 122(1-2):68-75, 2010; Lucero et al...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
M J J Kunst, M Van de Wiel
The current study investigated whether mental health practitioners are influenced by the narrative fallacy when assessing the psychological injuries of trauma victims. The narrative fallacy is associated with our tendency to establish logical links between different facts. In psychodiagnostic assessments, this tendency may result in overdiagnosis of mental disorders when psychological symptoms can be attributed to a traumatic event. Consequently, legal decision makers may be at risk of awarding compensation for psychological injuries which are not severe enough to justify financial reimbursement...
2016: Psychological Injury and Law
Dulce M Zanardi, Erly C Moura, Leonor P Santos, Maria C Leal, Jose G Cecatti
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between self-reported maternal near miss and adverse nutritional status in children under one year of age. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of a study in which women who took their children under one year of age to the national vaccine campaign were interviewed. The self-reported condition of maternal near miss used the criteria of Intensive Care Unit admission; eclampsia; blood transfusion and hysterectomy; and their potential associations with any type of nutritional disorder in children, including deficits in weight-for-age, deficits in height-for-age, obesity and breastfeeding...
October 1, 2016: Clinics
N V Bashmakova, N B Davydenko, G B Malgina, N V Putilova
AIM: The aim of this research was to have a thorough study of predictors of critical states during pregnancy after assisted reproductive technologies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 303 patients with "near-miss," out of which 37 are pregnancy cases after ART (the main group) and 265 are spontaneous pregnancy cases (the control group). RESULTS: Pregnancy after ART constituted 12.3% of all critical states. In the main group (10...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Wang Zheng, Jungwoo Yang, Erwan Beauchamp, Ruiqi Cai, Shaimaa Hussein, Laura Hofmann, Qiang Li, Veit Flockerzi, Luc G Berthiaume, Jingfeng Tang, Xing-Zhen Chen
Transient receptor potential polycystin-3 (TRPP3) is a cation channel activated by calcium and proton and is involved in hedgehog signaling, intestinal development, and sour tasting. How TRPP3 channel function is regulated remains poorly understood. By N-terminal truncation mutations, electrophysiology and Xenopus oocytes expression, we first identified fragment D21-S42 to be functionally important. We then found that deletion mutant Δ1-36 (TRPP3 missing fragment M1-R36) has similar function as wild-type TRPP3 while Δ1-38 is functionally dead, suggesting the importance of V37 or C38...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Pál Czobor, Brigitta Kakuszi, Kornél Németh, Livia Balogh, Szilvia Papp, László Tombor, István Bitter
Deficits in error-processing are postulated in core symptoms of ADHD. Our goal was to investigate the neurophysiological basis of abnormal error-processing and adaptive adjustments in ADHD, and examine whether error-related alterations extend beyond traditional Regions of Interest (ROIs), particularly to those involved in adaptive adjustments, such as the Salience Network system. We obtained event-related potentials (ERPs) during a Go/NoGo task from 22 adult-ADHD patients and 29 matched healthy controls using a high-density 256-electrode array...
October 17, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
Younghyoun Yoon, Aaron M Mohs, Michael C Mancini, Shuming Nie, Hyunsuk Shim
Despite major advances in targeted drug therapy and radiation therapy, surgery remains the most effective treatment for most solid tumors. The single most important predictor of patient survival is a complete surgical resection of the primary tumor, draining lymph nodes, and metastatic lesions. Presently, however, 20%-30% of patients with head and neck cancer who undergo surgery still leave the operating room without complete resection because of missed lesions. Thus, major opportunities exist to develop advanced imaging tracers and intraoperative instrumentation that would allow surgeons to visualize microscopic tumors during surgery...
September 2016: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Shuwei Zheng, Tong Yong Ng, Huihua Li, Ai Ling Tan, Thuan Tong Tan, Ban Hock Tan
BACKGROUND: Mortality for candidemia ranges from 15% to 35%. Current guidelines recommend inoculating blood into three aerobic and three anaerobic blood culture bottles when candidemia is suspected, without mention of a fungal blood culture bottle. OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of the BACTEC Myco/F Lytic blood culture media in the diagnosis of fungemia. METHODS: A two-year retrospective cross-sectional study was performed for patients who had fungemia with submitted BACTEC Plus Aerobic/F (Aer), BACTEC Plus Anaerobic/F (Anaer) or Myco/F Lytic (Myco) blood culture bottles...
2016: PloS One
Qing Mao, Serban Ciotlos, Rebecca Yu Zhang, Madeleine P Ball, Robert Chin, Paolo Carnevali, Nina Barua, Staci Nguyen, Misha R Agarwal, Tom Clegg, Abram Connelly, Ward Vandewege, Alexander Wait Zaranek, Preston W Estep, George M Church, Radoje Drmanac, Brock A Peters
BACKGROUND: Since the completion of the Human Genome Project in 2003, it is estimated that more than 200,000 individual whole human genomes have been sequenced. A stunning accomplishment in such a short period of time. However, most of these were sequenced without experimental haplotype data and are therefore missing an important aspect of genome biology. In addition, much of the genomic data is not available to the public and lacks phenotypic information. FINDINGS: As part of the Personal Genome Project, blood samples from 184 participants were collected and processed using Complete Genomics' Long Fragment Read technology...
October 11, 2016: GigaScience
James Weimer, Sanjian Chen, Amy Peleckis, Michael R Rickels, Insup Lee
BACKGROUND: Fully automated artificial pancreas systems require meal detectors to supplement blood glucose level regulation, where false meal detections can cause unnecessary insulin delivery with potentially fatal consequences, and missed detections may cause the patient to experience extreme hyperglycemia. Most existing meal detectors monitor various measures of glucose rate-of-change to detect meals where varying physiology and meal content complicate balancing detector sensitivity versus specificity...
October 5, 2016: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
Sheng Zhong, Duo Jiang, Mary Sara McPeek
We consider the problem of genetic association testing of a binary trait in a sample that contains related individuals, where we adjust for relevant covariates and allow for missing data. We propose CERAMIC, an estimating equation approach that can be viewed as a hybrid of logistic regression and linear mixed-effects model (LMM) approaches. CERAMIC extends the recently proposed CARAT method to allow samples with related individuals and to incorporate partially missing data. In simulations, we show that CERAMIC outperforms existing LMM and generalized LMM approaches, maintaining high power and correct type 1 error across a wider range of scenarios...
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
Jonathan P Riley, Andrew B Boucher, Denise S Kim, Daniel L Barrow, Matthew R Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Transorbital intracranial penetrating trauma (TIPT) with a retained intracranial foreign body is a rare event lacking a widely-accepted diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm. Intraoperative catheter angiography (IOA) has been advocated by some authorities to rule out cerebrovascular injury prior and/or subsequent to removal of the object, but no standard of care currently exists. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 19-year-old male was involved in a construction site accident whereby a framing nail penetrated the left globe, traversed the lateral bony orbit, and terminated in the mid-temporal lobe...
September 28, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Jonathan A Anson, Elbert J Mets, Sonia J Vaida, Tonya S King, Tim Ochoa, Vitaly Gordin
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Back injuries are a highly reported category of occupational injury in the health care setting. The daily clinical activities of an anesthesia provider, including lifting, pushing stretchers, transferring patients, and bending for procedures, are risk factors for developing low back pain. The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence of work related low back pain in anesthesia providers. DESIGN/SETTING: We conducted a cross-sectional survey study of anesthesia providers at an academic institution...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
K Babineau, S O'Dea, G Courtney, L Clancy
Recent advancements in the treatment of HIV have significantly improved long-term health outcomes and life expectancy among people living with HIV/AIDS. As such, healthcare professionals have begun to focus more seriously on health protective behaviour changes that could further reduce mortality including smoking and tobacco dependence. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 438 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) attending a clinic in an urban area to measure current smoking behaviours. After removing missing data, the final sample was 402 service users...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
N Baig, S M Elnahal, T R McNutt, J L Wright, T L DeWeese, S A Terezakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
F W N Silva, A L M T Costa, Lei Liu, E B Barros
The effects of edge vacancies on the electron transport properties of zigzag MoS2/WSe2 nanoribbons are studied using a density functional theory (DFT)-based tight-binding model with a sp(3)d(5) basis set for the electronic structure calculation and applying the Landauer-Büttiker approach for the electronic transport. Our results show that the presence of a single edge vacancy, with a missing MoS2/WSe2 triplet, is enough to suppress the conductance of the system by almost one half for most energies around the Fermi level...
November 4, 2016: Nanotechnology
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