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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923458/does-self-consciousness-of-appearance-influence-postoperative-satisfaction-in-rhinoplasty
#1
J M Herruer, J B Prins, N van Heerbeek, G W J A Verhage-Damen, K J A O Ingels
BACKGROUND: Facial plastic surgeons and patients benefit from knowledge about how psychological aspects can influence the outcome of cosmetic surgery. The influence of preoperative self-consciousness of appearance and its effect on benefit after surgery in rhinoplasty patients has not been explored before in other studies. METHOD: A prospective study was conducted on patients undergoing (septo)rhinoplasty for a combination of cosmetic and functional problems. Before the operation subjects were asked to complete two questionnaires, the Derriford Appearance Scale (DAS59) to measure distress associated with self-consciousness of appearance and the Rhinoplasty Outcome Evaluation (ROE) to measure satisfaction with their nose...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922841/interactive-problem-solving-sessions-in-an-introductory-bioscience-course-engaged-students-and-gave-them-feedback-but-did-not-increase-their-exam-scores
#2
James P McEvoy
Active learning, including the promotion of student interactivity in lectures, has been found to improve student engagement and performance in university science classes. This letter describes the use of Pearson's Learning Catalytics to run regular, formatively assessed problem-solving sessions as part of the semiflipped redesign of an introductory level university bioscience course. Students found the problem-solving sessions more engaging than a traditional lecture, and felt that they were receiving better feedback on their progress in the course...
October 2, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922697/low-frequency-ranibizumab-versus-dexamethasone-implant-for-macular-oedema-secondary-to-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion
#3
Bora Yuksel, Omer Karti, Ozan Celik, Suleyman Gokhan Kerci, Tuncay Kusbeci
BACKGROUND: The aim was to make a real-world comparison of the efficacy of ranibizumab, dexamethasone and grid laser treatments in macular oedema due to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS: Forty-four eyes of 44 consecutive patients with macular oedema secondary to BRVO were included. Treatment arms comprised standard care (StCARE, n = 15), intravitreal ranibizumab (RNB, n = 14) and dexamethasone implant (DEX, n = 15). No rescue laser was performed in DEX and RNB groups...
September 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921775/what-can-parents-self-report-of-reading-difficulties-tell-us-about-their-children-s-emergent-literacy-at-school-entry
#4
Zahra Esmaeeli, Kjersti Lundetrae, Fiona E Kyle
Research has linked family risk (FR) of reading difficulties (RD) with children's difficulties in emergent literacy development. This study is the first to apply parents' self-report of RD as a proxy for FR in a large sample (n = 1171) in order to test group differences in children's emergent literacy. Emergent literacy, the home literacy environment and children's interest in literacy and letters were compared across different groups of FR children around the school entry. The FR children performed lower in emergent literacy compared with not-FR children...
September 18, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919244/does-synaesthesia-age-changes-in-the-quality-and-consistency-of-synaesthetic-associations
#5
Julia Simner, Alberta Ipser, Rebecca Smees, James Alvarez
Developmental grapheme-colour synaesthesia is a rare condition in which colours become automatically paired with letters or digits in the minds of certain individuals during childhood, and remain paired into adulthood. Although synaesthesia is well understood in younger adults almost nothing is known about synaesthesia in aging. We present the first evidence that aging desaturates synaesthetic colours in the minds of older synaesthetes, and we show for the first time that aging affects the key diagnostic measure of synaesthesia (consistency of colours over time)...
September 14, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918301/mathematical-fundamentals-for-the-noise-immunity-of-the-genetic-code
#6
Elena Fimmel, Lutz Strüngmann
Symmetry is one of the essential and most visible patterns that can be seen in nature. Starting from the left-right symmetry of the human body, all types of symmetry can be found in crystals, plants, animals and nature as a whole. Similarly, principals of symmetry are also some of the fundamental and most useful tools in modern mathematical natural science that play a major role in theory and applications. As a consequence, it is not surprising that the desire to understand the origin of life, based on the genetic code, forces us to involve symmetry as a mathematical concept...
September 13, 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914536/determination-of-the-true-lateral-grain-size-in-organic-inorganic-halide-perovskite-thin-films
#7
Gordon A MacDonald, Chelsea M Heveran, Mengjin Yang, David Moore, Kai Zhu, Virginia L Ferguson, Jason P Killgore, Frank William DelRio
In this letter, methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) thin films were examined via piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) and nanoindentation (NI) to determine if long-range atomic order existed across the full width and depth of the apparent grains. From the PFM, the piezoelectric response of the films was strongly correlated with low-index planes of the crystal structure and ferroelastic domains in macro-scale solution-grown MAPbI3 crystals, which implied long-range order near the top surface. From the NI, it was found that the induced cracks were straight and extended across the full width of the apparent grains, which indicated that the long-range order was not limited to the near-surface region, but extended through the film thickness...
September 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911160/response-to-letter-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-in-men2a-ata-moderate-or-high-risk-ret-mutations-do-not-predict-disease-aggressiveness
#8
Rachel K Voss, Elizabeth G Grubbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911158/letter-to-the-editor-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-in-men2a-ata-moderate-or-high-risk-ret-mutations-do-not-predict-disease-aggressiveness
#9
Frederic Castinetti, Nelson Whollk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901633/response-to-mortazavi-s-comment
#10
Bellieni Carlo Valerio, Giuseppe Buonocore
Mortazavi's comment (1) on our letter (2) on whether electromagnetic fields (EMF) in incubators are a risk factor for autism contains several points that need to be corrected. First, we did not base our observations just on our previous papers as Mortazavi maintains. In fact, our observations were also based on several more papers about EMF in incubators, including the paper by Calvente et al, which was published in 2017 (3). Second, it is incorrect to write that a very simple intervention, such as changing the infants' sleep position, namely the position of the head and feet, can lead to a significant drop, as big as several orders of magnitude, in the infant's brain exposure (1), because in most incubators EMF levels are similar at all points of the mattress...
September 13, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900674/who-is-willing-to-participate-in-low-risk-pragmatic-clinical-trials-without-consent
#11
Rafael Dal-Ré, Antonio J Carcas, Xavier Carné
PURPOSE: General notification offers a possible alternative to written informed consent for pragmatic randomized controlled trials (pRCTs). It involves patients being informed through brochures, posters, and letters that research is being conducted simultaneously to providing clinical care and that patients will be enrolled in pRCTs without study-specific consent. A previous survey found that a substantial minority of respondents endorsed general notification. We aimed to know who is willing to enroll in this type of trials using general notification rather than written consent...
September 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900543/switching-to-aflibercept-in-diabetic-macular-edema-not-responding-to-ranibizumab-and-or-intravitreal-dexamethasone-implant
#12
Antoine Herbaut, Franck Fajnkuchen, Lise Qu-Knafo, Sylvia Nghiem-Buffet, Bahram Bodaghi, Audrey Giocanti-Auregan
PURPOSE: To assess short-term functional and anatomical outcomes of refractory diabetic macular edema (DME) following a switch from ranibizumab or dexamethasone to aflibercept. METHODS: We included retrospectively eyes with persistent DME after at least 3 ranibizumab and/or one dexamethasone implant intravitreal injections (IVI). The primary endpoint was the mean change in visual acuity (VA) at month 6 (M6) after switching. RESULTS: Twenty-five eyes were included...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898611/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-real-life-utilization-of-ranibizumab-in-patients-with-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration-from-portugal
#13
Rufino Silva, Carla Goncalves, Angela Meireles, Carla Teixeira, Paulo Rosa, Manuel Monteiro-Grillo, Joaquim Canelas, Angela Carneiro, Rita Flores
INTRODUCTION: Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy has revolutionized the treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration; however, it is important to monitor actual use of ranibizumab and related treatment outcomes in routine practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study to monitor the 2-year outcomes following ranibizumab treatment for wet age-related macular degeneration in Portugal. Patients treated between January 2009 and December 2009 were retrospectively evaluated...
June 30, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894205/the-quantum-optics-hamiltonian-in-the-multipolar-gauge
#14
Emmanuel Rousseau, Didier Felbacq
This article deals with the fundamental problem of light-matter interaction in the quantum theory. Although it is described through the vector potential in quantum electrodynamics, it is believed by some that a hamiltonian involving only the electric and the magnetic fields is preferable. In the literature this hamiltonian is known as the Power-Zienau-Woolley hamiltonian. We question its validity and show that it is not equivalent to the minimal-coupling hamiltonian. In this article, we show that these two hamiltonians are not connected through a gauge transformation...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891762/reading-and-phonological-awareness-in-africa
#15
Katherine J Alcock, Damaris S Ngorosho, Matthew C H Jukes
Literacy levels in Africa are low, and school instruction outcomes are not promising. Africa also has a disproportionate number of unschooled children. Phonological awareness (PA), especially phoneme awareness, is critically associated with literacy, but there is little evidence about whether PA is gained through literacy, schooling, or both, because most children studied are in education and can read at least letters. Our previous study of PA and reading in children in and out of school in Tanzania found that PA was associated with reading ability, not schooling or age, and many unschooled children learned to read...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891656/implied-reading-direction-and-prioritization-of-letter-encoding
#16
Alex O Holcombe, Elizabeth H L Nguyen, Patrick T Goodbourn
Capacity limits hinder processing of multiple stimuli, contributing to poorer performance for identifying two briefly presented letters than for identifying a single letter. Higher accuracy is typically found for identifying the letter on the left, which has been attributed to a right-hemisphere dominance for selective attention. Here, we use rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) of letters in two locations at once. The letters to be identified are simultaneous and cued by rings. In the first experiment, we manipulated implied reading direction by rotating or mirror-reversing the letters to face to the left rather than to the right...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891392/-i-esr2-i-gene-and-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma
#17
Macarena Ruiz-Ferrer, Raquel M Fernández, Elena Navarro, Guillermo Antinolo, Salud Borrego
Not required for a letter to the editor.
September 11, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885451/visual-structure-and-function-in-collision-sport-athletes
#18
Danielle Leong, Christina Morettin, Leonard V Messner, Robert J Steinmetz, Yi Pang, Steven L Galetta, Laura J Balcer
BACKGROUND: Vision-based measures have been shown to be useful markers in multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer and Parkinson disease. Therefore, these testing paradigms may have applications to populations explaining repetitive head trauma that has been associated with long-term neurodegenerative sequelae. We investigated retinal structure and visual function in professional collision sport athletes compared to age- and race-matched control participants. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, participants underwent spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular ganglion cell complex (GCC = ganglion cell + inner plexiform layers) thickness...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881411/are-cataract-surgery-referrals-to-public-hospitals-in-australia-poorly-targeted
#19
Vu Quang Do, Peter McCluskey, Anna Palagyi, Fiona J Stapleton, Andrew White, Nicole Carnt, Lisa Keay
Importance Referral letters constitute the first step on the pathway to cataract surgery, however little is known on how effective referral letters are in providing adequate information to triage patients and inform surgical prioritisation. BACKGROUND: Benchmarking exercises are important to document referral processes and to identify areas where improvements can be made. Design Cross-sectional study with longitudinal follow-up conducted at two metropolitan public hospitals in New South Wales, Australia...
September 7, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881149/evaluation-of-the-clinical-effectiveness-in-routine-practice-of-fluocinolone-acetonide-190%C3%A2-%C3%A2%C2%B5g-intravitreal-implant-in-people-with-diabetic-macular-edema
#20
Sarah E Holden, Craig J Currie, David R Owens
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the Iluvien Clinical Evidence study in the UK (ICE-UK) was to assess the real-world effectiveness of fluocinolone acetonide (FAc) 190 µg intravitreal implant for the treatment of clinically significant chronic diabetic macular edema (DME) in routine clinical practice. METHODS: This retrospective study collected data from patient medical records in 13 ophthalmology centers for people with DME prescribed FAc intravitreal implant between April 1, 2013 and April 15, 2015...
September 7, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
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