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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725425/letter-to-the-editor-health-professionals-attitudes-toward-individuals-with-eating-disorders-who-do-we-think-they-are
#1
Deborah Lynn Reas, Kjersti Solhaug Gulliksen, Johanna Levallius, Rasmus Isomaa
Health professionals are not immune to stigmatizing attitudes and stereotypes found in society-at-large. Along with patients and their loved ones, treatment providers are important stakeholders - and gatekeepers - in the successful delivery of mental healthcare. Prevailing attitudes among professionals can facilitate timely recognition, enable access to care and uptake of evidence-based practices, or undermine help-seeking and therapeutic engagement. At an interactive activity at the 2016 Nordic Eating Disorders Society (NEDS) meeting, we asked health professionals to describe individuals with eating disorders...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725022/action-video-games-improve-reading-abilities-and-visual-to-auditory-attentional-shifting-in-english-speaking-children-with-dyslexia
#2
Sandro Franceschini, Piergiorgio Trevisan, Luca Ronconi, Sara Bertoni, Susan Colmar, Kit Double, Andrea Facoetti, Simone Gori
Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in learning to read and there is some evidence that action video games (AVG), without any direct phonological or orthographic stimulation, improve reading efficiency in Italian children with dyslexia. However, the cognitive mechanism underlying this improvement and the extent to which the benefits of AVG training would generalize to deep English orthography, remain two critical questions. During reading acquisition, children have to integrate written letters with speech sounds, rapidly shifting their attention from visual to auditory modality...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722315/association-between-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-and-executive-function-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#3
S Murata, R Sawa, N Nakatsu, T Saito, T Sugimoto, R Nakamura, S Misu, Y Ueda, R Ono
BACKGROUND: We examined the association of chronic musculoskeletal pain with executive function in community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: This cross-sectional study recruited 234 community-dwelling older adults in Japan (mean age: 72.7, women: 62.8%). Chronic musculoskeletal pain was defined as having moderate or more severe pain lasting ≥ 3 months. Executive function was assessed using the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST), Trail Making Test (TMT) parts A and B, Letter Verbal Fluency Test (LVFT) and Category Verbal Fluency Test (CVFT)...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720203/the-personal-and-professional-face-of-the-basque-urologist-jos%C3%A3-juli%C3%A3-n-guim%C3%A3-n-rezola-1898-1980
#4
J C Angulo
OBJECTIVE: To understand certain outstanding aspects of the life of the Basque surgeon and urologist Julián Guimón Rezola. His personal and bibliographic documentary legacy helps reconstruct his works and personal character. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed the written works of Julián Guimón Rezola and a collection of documents, letters, photographs, illustrations and objects from his personal and professional life, accessed through his family. We analysed the content of the author's main publications and related the documents to historic facts...
July 15, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715811/early-response-to-ranibizumab-is-associated-with-12-month-outcome-in-diabetic-macular-edema-after-prior-macular-laser-therapy
#5
Shwu-Jiuan Sheu, Ying-Yen Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of ranibizumab in persistent or recurrent diabetic macular edema (DME) after previous laser therapy. METHODS: This prospective, interventional study consisted of a 3-month period of scheduled ranibizumab treatment followed by a 9-month period of pro re nata treatment. RESULTS: A total of 21 eyes (18 patients) were included. Both best corrected visual acuity and central retinal thickness had statistically significantly improved from baseline at month 12 (p < 0...
July 18, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714423/distinctive-neuropsychological-profiles-differentiate-patients-with-functional-memory-disorder-from-patients-with-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment
#6
Sarah J Wakefield, Daniel J Blackburn, Kirsty Harkness, Aijaz Khan, Markus Reuber, Annalena Venneri
OBJECTIVES: Patients with functional memory disorder (FMD) report significant memory failures in everyday life. Differentiating these patients from those with memory difficulties due to early stage neurodegenerative conditions is clinically challenging. The current study explored whether distinctive neuropsychological profiles could be established, suitable to differentiate patients with FMD from healthy individuals and those experiencing amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI). METHODS: Patients with a clinical diagnosis of FMD were compared with patients with a-MCI, and healthy matched controls on several tests assessing different cognitive functions...
July 17, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712841/long-term-impact-of-subthalamic-stimulation-on-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-advanced-parkinson-s-disease
#7
M Acera, A Molano, B Tijero, G Bilbao, I Lambarri, R Villoria, J Somme, E Ruiz de Gopegui, I Gabilondo, J C Gomez-Esteban
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (DBS-SN) on cognitive function in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) 5 years after surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study including 50 patients with PD who underwent DBS-SN (62.5% were men; mean age of 62.2±8.2 years; mean progression time of 14.1±6.3 years). All patients were assessed before the procedure and at one year after surgery; 40 patients were further followed up until the 5-year mark...
July 13, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707141/do-literate-pigeons-columba-livia-show-mirror-word-generalization
#8
Damian Scarf, Michael C Corballis, Onur Güntürkün, Michael Colombo
Many children pass through a mirror stage in reading, where they write individual letters or digits in mirror and find it difficult to correctly utilize letters that are mirror images of one another (e.g., b and d). This phenomenon is thought to reflect the fact that the brain does not naturally discriminate left from right. Indeed, it has been argued that reading acquisition involves the inhibition of this default process. In the current study, we tested the ability of literate pigeons, which had learned to discriminate between 30 and 62 words from 7832 nonwords, to discriminate between words and their mirror counterparts...
July 13, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703859/the-operational-implications-of-donor-behaviors-following-enrollment-in-stride-strategies-to-reduce-iron-deficiency-in-blood-donors
#9
Ritchard G Cable, Rebecca J Birch, Bryan R Spencer, David J Wright, Walter Bialkowski, Joseph E Kiss, Jorge Rios, Barbara J Bryant, Alan E Mast
BACKGROUND: Donor behaviors in STRIDE (Strategies to Reduce Iron Deficiency), a trial to reduce iron deficiency, were examined. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Six hundred ninety-two frequent donors were randomized to receive either 19 or 38 mg iron for 60 days or an educational letter based on their predonation ferritin. Compliance with assigned pills, response to written recommendations, change in donation frequency, and future willingness to take iron supplements were examined...
July 13, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700603/the-language-of-glove-wireless-gesture-decoder-with-low-power-and-stretchable-hybrid-electronics
#10
Timothy F O'Connor, Matthew E Fach, Rachel Miller, Samuel E Root, Patrick P Mercier, Darren J Lipomi
This communication describes a glove capable of wirelessly translating the American Sign Language (ASL) alphabet into text displayable on a computer or smartphone. The key components of the device are strain sensors comprising a piezoresistive composite of carbon particles embedded in a fluoroelastomer. These sensors are integrated with a wearable electronic module consisting of digitizers, a microcontroller, and a Bluetooth radio. Finite-element analysis predicts a peak strain on the sensors of 5% when the knuckles are fully bent...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700102/electronic-messaging-intervention-for-management-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Ronghua Fang, Xuexue Deng
AIM: To determine the effectiveness of an electronic messaging support service for management of cardiovascular risk factors in diabetes patients. BACKGROUND: Micro letter and short message service are widely used, but their health education benefit for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus has not been investigated. DESIGN: Convenience sample study with randomized group assignment. METHODS: Participants completed survey questionnaires, physical and laboratory evaluations between May 2015 and May 2016, and were then randomly assigned to two groups for receipt of a Micro letter + Short message or a Phone call (control)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694011/the-relationship-between-salivary-c-reactive-protein-and-cognitive-function-in-children-aged-11-14years-does-psychopathology-have-a-moderating-effect
#12
Alexis E Cullen, Ben M Tappin, Patricia A Zunszain, Hannah Dickson, Ruth E Roberts, Naghmeh Nikkheslat, Mizan Khondoker, Carmine M Pariante, Helen L Fisher, Kristin R Laurens
Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), a non-specific biomarker of systemic bodily inflammation, has been associated with more pronounced cognitive impairments in adults with psychiatric disorders, particularly in the domains of memory and executive function. Whether this association is present in early life (i.e., the time at which the cognitive impairments that characterise these disorders become evident), and is specific to those with emerging psychiatric disorders, has yet to be investigated. To this end, we examined the association between salivary CRP and cognitive function in children aged 11-14years and explored the moderating effect of psychopathology...
July 8, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691167/exploring-the-link-between-visual-perception-visual-motor-integration-and-reading-in-normal-developing-and-impaired-children-using-dtvp-2
#13
Stéphanie Bellocchi, Mathilde Muneaux, Andréa Huau, Yohana Lévêque, Marianne Jover, Stéphanie Ducrot
Reading is known to be primarily a linguistic task. However, to successfully decode written words, children also need to develop good visual-perception skills. Furthermore, motor skills are implicated in letter recognition and reading acquisition. Three studies have been designed to determine the link between reading, visual perception, and visual-motor integration using the Developmental Test of Visual Perception version 2 (DTVP-2). Study 1 tests how visual perception and visual-motor integration in kindergarten predict reading outcomes in Grade 1, in typical developing children...
July 10, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690505/evidence-for-separate-contributions-of-high-and-low-spatial-frequencies-during-visual-word-recognition
#14
Kurt Winsler, Phillip J Holcomb, Katherine J Midgley, Jonathan Grainger
Previous studies have shown that different spatial frequency information processing streams interact during the recognition of visual stimuli. However, it is a matter of debate as to the contributions of high and low spatial frequency (HSF and LSF) information for visual word recognition. This study examined the role of different spatial frequencies in visual word recognition using event-related potential (ERP) masked priming. EEG was recorded from 32 scalp sites in 30 English-speaking adults in a go/no-go semantic categorization task...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687418/expectation-creates-something-out-of-nothing-the-role-of-attention-in-iconic-memory-reconsidered
#15
Jaan Aru, Talis Bachmann
Conscious experience is modulated by attention and expectation, yet is believed to be independent of attention. The experiments on iconic memory (IM) are usually taken as support for this claim. However, a recent experiment demonstrated that when attention is diverted away from the IM letter display subjects fail to see the absence of IM letters. Here we contribute to the ongoing debate by overcoming experimental shortcomings of this previous experiment, by measuring subjective visibility and by testing the effect of the post-cue...
July 4, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686300/statistical-learning-and-spelling-older-prephonological-spellers-produce-more-wordlike-spellings-than-younger-prephonological-spellers
#16
Rebecca Treiman, Brett Kessler, Kelly Boland, Hayley Clocksin, Zhengdao Chen
The authors analyzed the spellings of 179 U.S. children (age = 3 years, 2 months-5 years, 6 months) who were prephonological spellers, in that they wrote using letters that did not reflect the phonemes in the target items. Supporting the idea that children use their statistical learning skills to learn about the outer form of writing before they begin to spell phonologically, older prephonological spellers showed more knowledge about English letter patterns than did younger prephonological spellers. The written productions of older prephonological spellers were rated by adults as more similar to English words than were the productions of younger prephonological spellers...
July 7, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684858/in-vivo-x-ray-dark-field-chest-radiography-of-a-pig
#17
Lukas B Gromann, Fabio De Marco, Konstantin Willer, Peter B Noël, Kai Scherer, Bernhard Renger, Bernhard Gleich, Klaus Achterhold, Alexander A Fingerle, Daniela Muenzel, Sigrid Auweter, Katharina Hellbach, Maximilian Reiser, Andrea Baehr, Michaela Dmochewitz, Tobias J Schroeter, Frieder J Koch, Pascal Meyer, Danays Kunka, Juergen Mohr, Andre Yaroshenko, Hanns-Ingo Maack, Thomas Pralow, Hendrik van der Heijden, Roland Proksa, Thomas Koehler, Nataly Wieberneit, Karsten Rindt, Ernst J Rummeny, Franz Pfeiffer, Julia Herzen
X-ray chest radiography is an inexpensive and broadly available tool for initial assessment of the lung in clinical routine, but typically lacks diagnostic sensitivity for detection of pulmonary diseases in their early stages. Recent X-ray dark-field (XDF) imaging studies on mice have shown significant improvements in imaging-based lung diagnostics. Especially in the case of early diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), XDF imaging clearly outperforms conventional radiography. However, a translation of this technique towards the investigation of larger mammals and finally humans has not yet been achieved...
July 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684836/improving-patient-safety-through-a-clinical-audit-spiral-prevention-of-wrong-tooth-extraction-in-orthodontics
#18
H Anwar, D Waring
Introduction With an increasing demand to improve patient safety within the NHS, it is important to ensure that measures are undertaken to continually improve patient care. Wrong site surgery has been defined as a 'never event'. This article highlights the importance of preventing wrong tooth extraction within orthodontics through an audit spiral over five years investigating the accuracy and clarity of orthodontic extraction letters at the University Dental Hospital of Manchester.Aims To examine compliance with the standards for accuracy and clarity of extraction letters and the incidence of wrong tooth extractions, and to increase awareness of the errors that can occur with extraction letters and of the current guidelines...
July 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681391/developmental-trajectory-of-neural-specialization-for-letter-and-number-visual-processing
#19
Joonkoo Park, Berry van den Berg, Crystal Chiang, Marty G Woldorff, Elizabeth M Brannon
Adult neuroimaging studies have demonstrated dissociable neural activation patterns in the visual cortex in response to letters (Latin alphabet) and numbers (Arabic numerals), which suggest a strong experiential influence of reading and mathematics on the human visual system. Here, developmental trajectories in the event-related potential (ERP) patterns evoked by visual processing of letters, numbers, and false fonts were examined in four different age groups (7-, 10-, 15-year-olds, and young adults). The 15-year-olds and adults showed greater neural sensitivity to letters over numbers in the left visual cortex and the reverse pattern in the right visual cortex, extending previous findings in adults to teenagers...
July 5, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677992/illusory-increases-in-font-size-improve-letter-recognition
#20
Martin Lages, Stephanie C Boyle, Rob Jenkins
Visual performance of human observers depends not only on the optics of the eye and early sensory encoding but also on subsequent cortical processing and representations. In two experiments, we demonstrated that motion adaptation can enhance as well as impair visual acuity. Observers who experienced an expanding motion aftereffect exhibited improved letter recognition, whereas observers who experienced a contracting motion aftereffect showed impaired letter recognition. We conclude that illusory enlargement and shrinkage of a visual stimulus can modulate visual acuity...
June 1, 2017: Psychological Science
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