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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931685/evaluation-of-different-laboratory-methods-for-rapid-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-pleurisy
#1
Safaa Amer, Azza El Hefnawy, Nashwa Abdel Wahab, Hadir Okasha, Amira Baz
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Tuberculous pleurisy is a diagnostic challenge due to its nonspecific clinical presentation, paucibacillary nature of the effusion together with the inefficiency of conventional laboratory methods motivating the evaluation of variable diagnostic strategies. METHODS: Using thoracoscopy, the pleural cavity of 50 patients with undiagnosed exudative pleural effusion were fully examined and biopsy specimens of affected parietal pleura were taken under direct vision...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930978/mechanism-of-action-and-effect-of-immune-modulating-agents-in-the-treatment-of-psoriasis
#2
Rehab M El-Gharabawy, Amira S Ahmed, Amal H Al-Najjar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work is to study the possible mechanisms through which different immune-modulating agents can produce their beneficial effects on treatment of psoriasis and to determine whether the supplementation of these agents for psoriasis patients induces regression of psoriasis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty participants were included in this study. The participants were divided into five groups: 1. Normal control group, 2. Psoriasis patients not taking any treatment, 3...
December 5, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928092/animal-husbandry-practices-and-perceptions-of-zoonotic-infectious-disease-risks-among-livestock-keepers-in-a-rural-parish-of-quito-ecuador
#3
Christopher Lowenstein, William F Waters, Amira Roess, Jessica H Leibler, Jay P Graham
Small-scale livestock production plays an essential role as a source of income and nutrition for households in low- and middle-income countries, yet these practices can also increase risk of zoonotic infectious diseases, especially among young children. To mitigate this risk, there is a need to better understand how livestock producers perceive and manage risks of disease transmission. Twenty semistructured, in-depth interviews were conducted with small-scale livestock producers in a semirural parish of Quito, Ecuador...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927076/evidence-of-biological-activity-of-mentha-species-extracts-on-apoptotic-and-autophagic-targets-on-murine-raw264-7-and-human-u937-monocytic-cells
#4
Fatiha Brahmi, Samia Hadj-Ahmed, Amira Zarrouk, Maryem Bezine, Thomas Nury, Khodir Madani, Mohamed Chibane, Anne Vejux, Pierre Andreoletti, Lila Boulekbache-Makhlouf, Gérard Lizard
CONTEXT: Mints (Lamiaceae) are used as traditional remedies for the treatment of several diseases. Their extracts are recognized as anti-inflammatory compounds. OBJECTIVE: This study characterized the cytotoxic effects of Mentha spicata L. (MS), Mentha pulegium L. (MP) and Mentha rotundifolia (L). Huds (MR) on macrophage cells (RAW264.7; U937) and determined their impact on apoptosis and autophagy, which can play a role in controlling inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The extracts were prepared in culture medium and tested from 25 to 400 μg/mL after 24-48 h of treatment...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911144/comparison-of-pulsed-dye-laser-versus-combined-pulsed-dye-laser-and-nd-yag-laser-in-the-treatment-of-inflammatory-acne-vulgaris
#5
Manal Mohamed Salah El Din, Nevien Ahmed Samy, Amira Eid Salem
BACKGROUND: Both pulsed dye laser and combined 585/1,064-nm (sequential dual-wave-length PDL and Nd:YAG) laser improves inflammatory skin disorders including acne vulgaris. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of 585 nm pulsed dye laser versus sequential dual-wave-length PDL and Nd:YAG in treatment of acne vulgaris. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Thirty patients complaining of acne vulgaris were treated with a single pass of PDL alone on half of the face and a single pass of combined 585/1064-nm laser on the other half for four treatment sessions at 2 weeks interval, then assessed by the count and severity of the acne lesions & digital camera photographs Results: The study showed that inflammatory acne lesions count was significantly reduced by 82...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909931/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-mothers-and-fathers-family-level-interactions-in-relation-to-parenting
#6
David Williamson, Charlotte Johnston, Amira Noyes, Kurtis Stewart, Margaret D Weiss
Previous studies linking parent ADHD symptoms to parenting have typically focused on each parent individually. To provide a broader understanding of family context, in this study, levels of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity in mothers and fathers were examined, both individually and in combination, in relation to negative parenting and child-rearing disagreements. Two-parent families of 5 to 13 year old boys (126 with ADHD and 53 typically developing) participated. Parents reported their own ADHD symptoms and their perceptions of child-rearing disagreements...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902427/phenotypic-and-genetic-characterization-of-multi-drug-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-the-tropics-of-southeast-asia
#7
Siti Norayuni Mohd Zulkeflle, Yus Amira Yusaimi, Norio Sugiura, Koji Iwamoto, Masafumi Goto, Motoo Utsumi, Nor'azizi Bin Othman, Zuriati Zakaria, Hirofumi Hara
Antibiotic resistance has become a major public health problem throughout the world. The presence of antibiotic resistant bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in hospital wastewater is cause for great concern today. In this study, 276 S. aureus isolates were recovered from hospital wastewater samples in Malaysia. All of the isolates were screened for susceptibility to nine different classes of antibiotics: ampicillin (AMP), ciprofloxacin (CFX), gentamicin (GMN), kanamycin (KMN), erythromycin (ERM), vancomycin (VAN), trimetoprim and sulfamethaxazole (TM-SMZ), chloramphenicol (CMP), tetracycline (TET), and nalidixic acid (NAL)...
November 3, 2016: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901295/nonparametric-de-noising-filter-optimization-using-structure-based-microscopic-image-classification
#8
Samsad Beagum, Nilanjan Dey, Amira S Ashour, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Valentina E Balas
The Local Polynomial Approximation (LPA) is a nonparametric filter that performs pixel-wise polynomial fit on a certain neighborhood. This filter can be supported by the Intersection of Confidence Interval rule (ICI) as an adaptation algorithm to identify the most suited neighborhood at which the polynomial assumptions provide superior fit for the observations. However, the LPA-ICI is considered to be a near-optimal de-noising filter. Moreover, the ICI rule has several parameters that affect its performance...
November 30, 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897980/protective-effects-of-%C3%AE-tocopherol-%C3%AE-tocopherol-and-oleic-acid-three-compounds-of-olive-oils-and-no-effect-of-trolox-on-7-ketocholesterol-induced-mitochondrial-and-peroxisomal-dysfunction-in-microglial-bv-2-cells
#9
Meryam Debbabi, Thomas Nury, Amira Zarrouk, Nadia Mekahli, Maryem Bezine, Randa Sghaier, Stéphane Grégoire, Lucy Martine, Philippe Durand, Emmanuelle Camus, Anne Vejux, Aymen Jabrane, Lionel Bretillon, Michel Prost, Thibault Moreau, Sofien Ben Ammou, Mohamed Hammami, Gérard Lizard
Lipid peroxidation products, such as 7-ketocholesterol (7KC), may be increased in the body fluids and tissues of patients with neurodegenerative diseases and trigger microglial dysfunction involved in neurodegeneration. It is therefore important to identify synthetic and natural molecules able to impair the toxic effects of 7KC. We determined the impact of 7KC on murine microglial BV-2 cells, especially its ability to trigger mitochondrial and peroxisomal dysfunction, and evaluated the protective effects of α- and γ-tocopherol, Trolox, and oleic acid (OA)...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889394/nanotechnology-based-drug-delivery-systems-for-alzheimer-s-disease-management-technical-industrial-and-clinical-challenges
#10
REVIEW
Ming Ming Wen, Noha S El-Salamouni, Wessam M El-Refaie, Heba A Hazzah, Mai M Ali, Giovanni Tosi, Ragwa M Farid, Maria J Blanco-Prieto, Nashiru Billa, Amira S Hanafy
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease with high prevalence in the rapidly growing elderly population in the developing world. The currently FDA approved drugs for the management of symptomatology of AD are marketed mainly as conventional oral medications. Due to their gastrointestinal side effects and lack of brain targeting, these drugs and dosage regiments hinder patient compliance and lead to treatment discontinuation. Nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems (NTDDS) administered by different routes can be considered as promising tools to improve patient compliance and achieve better therapeutic outcomes...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889060/autosomal-recessive-mutations-in-ap3b2-adaptor-related-protein-complex-3-beta-2-subunit-cause-an-early-onset-epileptic-encephalopathy-with-optic-atrophy
#11
Mirna Assoum, Christophe Philippe, Bertrand Isidor, Laurence Perrin, Periklis Makrythanasis, Neal Sondheimer, Caroline Paris, Jessica Douglas, Gaetan Lesca, Stylianos Antonarakis, Hanan Hamamy, Thibaud Jouan, Yannis Duffourd, Stéphane Auvin, Aline Saunier, Amber Begtrup, Catherine Nowak, Nicolas Chatron, Dorothée Ville, Kamiar Mireskandari, Paolo Milani, Philippe Jonveaux, Guylène Lemeur, Mathieu Milh, Masano Amamoto, Mitsuhiro Kato, Mitsuko Nakashima, Noriko Miyake, Naomichi Matsumoto, Amira Masri, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Jean-Baptiste Rivière, Laurence Faivre, Julien Thevenon
Early-onset epileptic encephalopathy (EOEE) represents a heterogeneous group of severe disorders characterized by seizures, interictal epileptiform activity with a disorganized electroencephalography background, developmental regression or retardation, and onset before 1 year of age. Among a cohort of 57 individuals with epileptic encephalopathy, we ascertained two unrelated affected individuals with EOEE associated with developmental impairment and autosomal-recessive variants in AP3B2 by means of whole-exome sequencing...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884788/the-virtual-dissecting-room-creating-highly-detailed-anatomy-models-for-educational-purposes
#12
Marijn Zilverschoon, Koen L Vincken, Ronald L A W Bleys
INTRODUCTION: Virtual 3D models are powerful tools for teaching anatomy. At the present day, there are a lot of different digital anatomy models, most of these commercial applications are based on a 3D model of a human body reconstructed from images with a 1 millimeter intervals. The use of even smaller intervals may result in more details and more realistic appearances of 3D anatomy models. The aim of this study was to create a realistic and highly detailed 3D model of the hand and wrist based on small interval cross-sectional images, suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate teaching purposes with the possibility to perform a virtual dissection in an educational application...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883958/antimicrobial-activity-and-bioguided-fractionation-of-rumex-tingitanus-extracts-for-meat-preservation
#13
Dhekra Mhalla, Amira Bouaziz, Karim Ennouri, Rachid Chawech, Slim Smaoui, Raoudha Jarraya, Slim Tounsi, Mohamed Trigui
: This study was undertaken to investigate the antibacterial and antifungal activities of Rumex tingitanus leaves extracts as well as the identification of bioactive components and their performance in meat preservation. Total phenolics and flavonoids showed the highest content of phenolics and flavonoids in the ethyl acetate fraction (Rt EtOAcF). For antimicrobial efficacy, leaves extract and derived fraction were tested for their capacity to inhibit bacterial and fungal proliferation in vitro and in vivo...
November 17, 2016: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876970/larvicidal-activity-of-camphor-and-lavender-oils-against-sheep-blowfly-luciliasericata-diptera-calliphoridae
#14
Hatem A Shalaby, Rabab M El Khateeb, Amira H El Namaky, Heba M Ashry, Omnia M Kandil, Sanaa K A Abou El Dobal
In this study, the essential oils of camphor and lavender were tested in vitro against the third instar larvae of Lucilia sericata for the first time, following dipping toxicity technique. The toxicity results revealed that L. sericata larvae were susceptible to the applied essential oils. Lavender oil was more effective than camphor in killing of L. sericata larvae. With 32 % concentration, the mortality percentages of larvae were 100 and 93.3 %, respectively. Light and scanning electron microscopic examinations were done to determine the cuticular changes of L...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876593/intact-interferon-%C3%AE-response-against-coxiella-burnetii-by-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-in-chronic-q-fever
#15
Teske Schoffelen, Julien Textoris, Chantal P Bleeker-Rovers, Amira Ben Amara, Jos W M van der Meer, Mihai G Netea, Jean-Louis Mege, Marcel van Deuren, Esther van de Vosse
OBJECTIVES: Q fever is caused by Coxiella burnetii, an intracellular bacterium that infects phagocytes. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the C. burnetii-induced IFN-γ response is defective in chronic Q fever patients. METHODS: IFN-γ was measured in supernatants of C. burnetii-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 17 chronic Q fever patients and 17 healthy individuals. To assess IFN-γ responses, expression profiles of IFN-γ-induced genes in C...
November 19, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876271/hiv-infection-is-independently-associated-with-increased-ct-scan-lung-density
#16
M Bradley Drummond, Allison A Lambert, Amira F Hussien, Cheng T Lin, Christian A Merlo, Robert A Wise, Gregory D Kirk, Robert H Brown
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Noninfectious pulmonary complications are common among HIV-infected individuals and may be detected early by quantitative computed tomography (CT) scanning. The association of HIV disease markers with CT lung density measurement remains poorly understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-five participants free of spirometry-defined lung disease were recruited from a longitudinal cohort study of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected individuals to undergo standardized CT scan of the chest...
November 18, 2016: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872582/separate-ionotropic-and-metabotropic-glutamate-receptor-functions-in-depotentiation-vs-ltp-a-distinct-role-for-group1-mglur-subtypes-and-nmdars
#17
Amira Latif-Hernandez, Enrico Faldini, Tariq Ahmed, Detlef Balschun
Depotentiation (DP) is a mechanism by which synapses that have recently undergone long-term potentiation (LTP) can reverse their synaptic strengthening within a short time-window after LTP induction. Group 1 metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) were shown to be involved in different forms of LTP and long-term depression (LTD), but little is known about their roles in DP. Here, we generated DP by applying low-frequency stimulation (LFS) at 5 Hz after LTP had been induced by a single train of theta-burst-stimulation (TBS)...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871735/zoonotic-tuberculosis-in-africa-challenges-and-ways-forward
#18
Lauren Carruth, Amira A Roess, Yitagele Tefere Mekonnen, Simenew Keskes Melaku, Mark Nichter, Mo Salman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871043/evaluating-the-perceived-effectiveness-of-pregnancy-related-cigarette-package-health-warning-labels-among-different-gender-age-groups
#19
Christy Kollath-Cattano, Amira Osman, James F Thrasher
INTRODUCTION: The impact of pregnancy-related health warning labels (HWLs) appearing on cigarette packages on women of reproductive age and other socio-demographic groups is not well understood. The current study analyzes how different age/gender groups respond to pregnancy-related HWLs as compared to non-pregnancy HWLs. METHODS: Data were analyzed from four waves of an online longitudinal study with adult smokers aged 18-64 in Australia, Canada, Mexico, and the US...
November 11, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868194/randomized-controlled-trial-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Khaled Saad, Ahmed A Abdel-Rahman, Yasser M Elserogy, Abdulrahman A Al-Atram, Amira A El-Houfey, Hisham A K Othman, Geir Bjørklund, Feiyong Jia, Mauricio A Urbina, Mohamed Gamil M Abo-Elela, Faisal-Alkhateeb Ahmad, Khaled A Abd El-Baseer, Ahmed E Ahmed, Ahmad M Abdel-Salam
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a frequent developmental disorder characterized by pervasive deficits in social interaction, impairment in verbal and nonverbal communication, and stereotyped patterns of interests and activities. It has been previously reported that there is vitamin D deficiency in autistic children; however, there is a lack of randomized controlled trials of vitamin D supplementation in ASD children. METHODS: This study is a double-blinded, randomized clinical trial (RCT) that was conducted on 109 children with ASD (85 boys and 24 girls; aged 3-10 years)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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