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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333107/perceptions-and-experiences-with-flavored-non-menthol-tobacco-products-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#1
REVIEW
Sarah D Kowitt, Clare Meernik, Hannah M Baker, Amira Osman, Li-Ling Huang, Adam O Goldstein
Although a few countries have banned flavored cigarettes (except menthol), flavors in most tobacco products remain unregulated across the globe. We conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies examining perceptions of and experiences with flavored non-menthol tobacco products. Of 20 studies on flavored tobacco products included in our qualitative systematic review, 10 examined hookah, six examined e-cigarettes, two examined little cigars and cigarillos (LCCs), and three examined other tobacco products, including cigarettes...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332958/effect-of-prediabetes-on-allograft-survival-and-evolution-of-new-onset-diabetes-after-transplant-in-deceased-donor-kidney-transplant-recipients-during-long-term-follow-up
#2
Frank Peter Tillmann, Amira Radtke, Lars Christian Rump, Ivo Quack
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effect of prediabetes in long-term deceased-donor renal transplant recipients regarding graft survival, graft function, and evolution of new-onset diabetes after transplant compared with a control group of graft recipients with normal glucose tolerance test results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a follow-up trial of 187 deceased-donor renal transplant recipients. Based on oral glucose tolerance test results, the cohort was divided into groups A and B, comprising individuals with normal glucose metabolism (n = 130, 69...
March 22, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330585/molecular-detection-of-leptospirosis-and-melioidosis-co-infection-a-case-report
#3
Mohammad Ridhuan Mohd Ali, Amira Wahida Mohamad Safiee, Padmaloseni Thangarajah, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Alwi Muhd Besari, Nabilah Ismail, Chan Yean Yean
Leptospirosis and melioidosis are important tropical infections caused by Leptospira and Burkholdheria pseudomallei, respectively. As both infections share similar clinical manifestations yet require different managements, complementary laboratory tests are crucial for the diagnosis. We describe a case of Leptospira and B. pseudomallei co-infection in a diabetic 40-year-old woman with history of visit to a freshwater camping site in northern Malaysia. To our knowledge, this is the first case of such double-infection, simultaneously demonstrated by molecular approach...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330377/enhanced-oral-bioavailability-and-sustained-delivery-of-glimepiride-via-niosomal-encapsulation-in-vitro-characterization-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#4
Amira Mohamed Mohsen, Mona Mahmoud AbouSamra, Shaimaa Ahmed ElShebiney
This study was designed to investigate the potency of niosomes, for glimepiride (GLM) encapsulation, aiming at enhancing its oral bioavailability and hypoglycemic efficacy. Niosomes containing non-ionic surfactants (NIS) were prepared by thin film hydration technique and characterized. In-vitro release study was performed using a dialysis technique. In-vivo pharmacodynamic studies, as well as pharmacokinetic evaluation were performed on alloxan induced diabetic rats. GLM niosomes exhibited high entrapment efficiency percentages (E...
March 23, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329972/apport-de-l%C3%A2-irm-dans-l%C3%A2-approche-diagnostique-des-h%C3%A3-mangioblastomes-du-syst%C3%A3-me-nerveux-central
#5
Wael Yacoub, Amel Ben Abdallah, Neila Benzina, Tarek Kammoun, Refaat Nouri, Amira Berriche, Nadia Mama, Nadia Arifa, Jemni Hela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329969/apport-de-l%C3%A2-irm-dans-le-diagnostic-du-syndrome-de-guillain-barr%C3%A3
#6
Bilel Miladi, Amel Ben Abdallah, Amira Berrich, Aymen Merdassi, Nadia Mama, Nadia Arifa, Jemni Hela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316419/comparison-between-conventional-and-molecular-methods-for-diagnosis-of-bovine-babesiosis-babesia-bovis-infection-in-tick-infested-cattle-in-upper-egypt
#7
Amira A T Al-Hosary
Ticks and tick-borne diseases are the main problems affecting the livestock production in Egypt. Bovine babesiosis has adverse effects on the animal health and production. A comparison of Giemsa stained blood smears, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and nested PCR (nPCR) assays for detection of Babesia bovis infection in Egyptian Baladi cattle (Bos taurus) in reference to reverse line blot was carried out. The sensitivity of PCR and nested PCR (nPCR) assays were 65 and 100 % respectively. Giemsa stained blood smears showed the lowest sensitivity (30 %)...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315184/epiphyseal-arterial-network-and-inferior-retinacular-artery-seem-critical-to-femoral-head-perfusion-in-adults-with-femoral-neck-fractures
#8
Dewei Zhao, Xing Qiu, Benjie Wang, Zihua Wang, Wei Wang, Jun Ouyang, Rona M Silva, Xiaotian Shi, Kai Kang, Dachuan Xu, Chuang Li, Shizhen Zhong, Yu Zhang, Kent E Pinkerton
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the blood supply of the femoral head is essential to guide therapeutic strategies for patients with femoral neck fractures. However, because of the limitations of conventional techniques, the precise distribution and characteristics of intraosseous arteries of the femoral head are not well displayed. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: To explore the characteristics and interconnections of the intraosseous vessel system between different areas of the femoral head and the possible blood supply compensatory mechanism after femoral neck fracture...
March 17, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302472/erk1-and-erk2-activation-modulates-diet-induced-obesity-in-mice
#9
Amira Sayed Khan, Selvakumar Subramaniam, Gado Dramane, Douadi Khelifi, Naim Akhtar Khan
Obesity is a worldwide problem, and dietary lipids play an important role in its pathogenesis. Recently, Erk1 knock-out (ERK1(-/-)) mice have been shown to exhibit low preference for dietary fatty acids. Hence, we maintained Erk1(-/-) mice on a high-fat diet (HFD) to assess the implication of this mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in obesity. The Erk1(-/-) mice, fed the HFD, were more obese than wild-type (WT) animals, fed the same diet. Erk1(-/-) obese mice gained more fat and liver mass than WT obese animals...
March 13, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301910/soluble-fms-like-tyrosine-kinase-1-as-a-link-between-angiogenesis-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-pediatric-patients-with-%C3%AE-thalassemia-intermedia
#10
Azza Abdel Gawad Tantawy, Amira Abdel Moneam Adly, Eman Abdel Rahman Ismail, Omneya Ibrahim Youssef, Mohamed ElSayed Ali
Endothelial damage has been implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular complications in β-thalassemia intermedia (β-TI). Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFLT-1) is a member of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) family. Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 is an antiangiogenic protein that induces endothelial dysfunction by adhering to and inhibiting VEGF and placenta growth factor. The aim of this study was to assess the level of sFLT-1 in 35 children and adolescents with β-TI, correlating it with markers of hemolysis and iron overload as well as cardiopulmonary complications...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298068/gum-arabic-encapsulated-gold-nanoparticles-for-a-non-invasive-photothermal-ablation-of-lung-tumor-in-mice
#11
Amira M Gamal-Eldeen, Dina Moustafa, Sherien M El-Daly, Mona A M Abo-Zeid, Samira Saleh, Menka Khoobchandani, Kavita Katti, Ravi Shukla, Kattesh V Katti
BACKGROUND: In our previous work, we have extensively evaluated the physiochemical characteristics of Gum Arabic-encapsulated gold nanoparticles (GA-AuNPs; 15-18nm) and reported their effectiveness in stopping the tumor initiation via inhibiting the pre-neoplastic lesions in liver. OBJECTIVE: The rationale of this study is to detect the efficiency of using GA-AuNPs in photothermal application as a non-invasive technique against lung tumor. We investigated the cytotoxicity of GA-AuNPs on A549 cells, and then studied their apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, lipid peroxidation and anti-neovascular effect in in vivo model using a chemically-induced lung cancer in mice...
March 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294441/accuracy-of-pre-operative-real-time-dynamic-transvaginal-ultrasound-sliding-sign-in-prediction-of-pelvic-adhesions-in-women-with-previous-abdominopelvic-surgery-a-prospective-multicenter-double-blinded-study
#12
Amira Ayachi, Rim Bouchahda, Sadok Derouich, Lassaad Mkaouer, Mehdi Kehila, Hassine Abouda, Badis Channoufi, Maha Bouyahia, Marouen Braham, Fethi Zhioua, Haifa Bouchahda, Mechaal Mourali
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the role of the transvaginal ultrasound sliding sign in predicting pelvic adhesions in women with a previous history of abdominopelvic surgery. METHODS: Multicenter prospective, interventional, double blinded study. Patients were examined before the laparoscopy or laparotomy, in gynaecological position, with transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) probe to assess vesico uterine pouch, uterus, ovaries, pouch of Douglas by analysing the gliding between two structures...
March 13, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291558/-primary-epithelioid-adrenal-angiosarcoma-mimicking-undifferentiated-carcinoma
#13
Samira Miladi, Yaëlle Harrar, Maxime Battistella, Philippe Bertheau, Véronique Meignin, Brigitte Roche, Fatiha Amira Bouhidel
The adrenal primary epithelioid angiosarcoma (ASE) is a rare malignant tumor which can be histologically confused with other neoplasms. We report one case in a 79-year-old man who underwent adrenal tumor surgery for a mass fortuitly discovered by imaging for examination of an inflammatory syndrome associated with anemia. The histological diagnosis was difficult because of the undifferentiated and epithelioid appearance of tumor cells, whose immunohistochemical epithelial markers positivity led to frequent confusion with a metastatic carcinoma...
March 11, 2017: Annales de Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288539/ischemia-modified-albumin-as-a-marker-of-vascular-dysfunction-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major
#14
Amira Abdel Moneam Adly, Nayera Hazaa Khalil ElSherif, Eman Abdel Rahman Ismail, Yosra Abdelzaher Ibrahim, Gamal Niazi, Sara Hamed Elmetwally
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) is an altered type of serum albumin that forms under conditions of oxidative stress and an independent predictor of major adverse cardiovascular events. OBJECTIVES: To measure the levels of IMA in 45 children and adolescents with β-thalassemia major (β-TM) compared with 30 healthy controls and assess its relation to lipid peroxidation, vascular complications and subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS: β-TM patients without symptoms of heart disease were studied focusing on transfusion history, chelation therapy, serum ferritin, malondialdehyde (MDA) and IMA levels...
March 13, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287390/species-of-philometra-nematoda-philometridae-from-fishes-off-the-mediterranean-coast-of-africa-with-a-description-of-philometra-rara-n-sp-from-hyporthodus-haifensis-and-a-molecular-analysis-of-philometra-saltatrix-from-pomatomus-saltatrix
#15
František Moravec, Amira Chaabane, Lassad Neifar, Delphine Gey, Jean-Lou Justine
Two gonad-infecting species of Philometra Costa, 1845 (Nematoda, Philometridae) were recorded for the first time from marine perciform fishes off Tunisia and Libya: Philometra rara n. sp. from the rare, deep-water Haifa grouper Hyporthodus haifensis (Serranidae) off Libya and Philometra saltatrix Ramachandran, 1973 from the bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix (Pomatomidae) off Tunisia. Identification of both fish species was confirmed by molecular barcoding. Light and scanning electron microscope studies of Ph. rara n...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286527/interactive-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-modules-for-pediatric-residents
#16
Mindy K Ross, Ami Doshi, London Carrasca, Patricia Pian, JoAnne Auger, Amira Baker, James A Proudfoot, Mark S Pian
Background. There is a need for increased palliative care training during pediatric residency. Objective. In this pilot study, we created a comprehensive experiential model to teach palliative care skills to pediatric residents. Our Comfort Care Modules (CCMs) address pediatric palliative care (PPC) topics of breaking bad news, dyspnea, anxiety, pain management, and the dying child. We also evaluated a scoring system and gathered qualitative data. Methods. The CCMs are part of the University of California San Diego pediatric residency's second-year curriculum...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281934/integron-occurrence-is-linked-to-reduced-biocide-susceptibility-in-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#17
Ashraf A Kadry, Fathy M Serry, Amira M El-Ganiny, Ahmed M El-Baz
OBJECTIVE: Integrons are gene acquisition systems commonly found in bacterial genomes that play a major role in the dissemination of resistance to antibiotics. This work aimed to study the relationship between the presence of integrons and the reduced susceptibility of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates towards different groups of biocides. METHODS: The antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of 104 clinical isolates were determined against different antibiotics by the disk diffusion method...
March 10, 2017: British Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280298/corneal-endothelium-and-central-corneal-thickness-changes-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Amira El-Agamy, Shams Alsubaie
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to compare the corneal endothelial cell density (ECD), morphological features, and central corneal thickness (CCT) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) with age-matched, nondiabetic control subjects using EM-3000 Specular Microscope. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, hospital-based, nonrandomized, case-control, observational, and quantitative study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 57 patients (57 eyes) with type 2 DM and 45 control (nondiabetic) subjects (45 eyes)...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279864/prevalence-and-determinants-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-in-street-children-survivors-of-the-2010-earthquake-in-haiti-four-years-after
#19
Daniel Derivois, Jude Mary Cénat, Nephtalie Eva Joseph, Amira Karray, Khadija Chahraoui
Working with street children and adolescents who lived through the 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince, this paper aims to assess the prevalence of symptoms of PTSD, anxiety and depression in relation to peritraumatic distress, and age, and to explore other risk factors and socio-demographic characteristics, four years after the events. Between March and June 2014, with a sample of 128 children and adolescents (120 boys and 8 girls) aged between 7 and 18, of an average age of 13.88 (SD=2.15), all living on the streets of Port-au-Prince, we used the following scales: the Trauma Exposure (TE), the Life Events Subscale of the CAPS; the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory (PDI); the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13) and the Children Depression Inventory (CDI); (BAI)...
March 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279202/systemic-administration-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-combined-with-parathyroid-hormone-therapy-synergistically-regenerates-multiple-rib-fractures
#20
Doron Cohn Yakubovich, Dmitriy Sheyn, Maxim Bez, Yeshai Schary, Eran Yalon, Afeef Sirhan, May Amira, Alin Yaya, Sandra De Mel, Xiaoyu Da, Shiran Ben-David, Wafa Tawackoli, Eric J Ley, Dan Gazit, Zulma Gazit, Gadi Pelled
BACKGROUND: A devastating condition that leads to trauma-related morbidity, multiple rib fractures, remain a serious unmet clinical need. Systemic administration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been shown to regenerate various tissues. We hypothesized that parathyroid hormone (PTH) therapy would enhance MSC homing and differentiation, ultimately leading to bone formation that would bridge rib fractures. METHODS: The combination of human MSCs (hMSCs) and a clinically relevant PTH dose was studied using immunosuppressed rats...
March 9, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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