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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430388/associations-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-chinese-adolescents
#1
Lan Guo, Yan Xu, Jianxiong Deng, Xue Gao, Guoliang Huang, Jinghui Huang, Xueqing Deng, Wei-Hong Zhang, Ciyong Lu
AIMS: To test, among Chinese adolescents: (1) whether childhood maltreatment is associated with non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD), (2) whether there are interaction effects of childhood maltreatment and depressive symptoms on NMUPD. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of the cross-sectional data collected from 7(th) and 12(th) graders who were sampled using a multistage, stratified cluster, random sampling method in the 2015 School-based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey (SCAHS)...
April 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420377/the-association-between-child-maltreatment-and-emotional-cognitive-and-physical-health-functioning-in-vietnam
#2
Nhu K Tran, Sheila R Van Berkel, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Lenneke R A Alink
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of research on correlates of child maltreatment in limited-resource countries with a relatively high tolerance of harsh discipline. This Vietnamese study aimed to investigate associations between different types of child maltreatment and child emotional, cognitive, and physical health functioning as well as moderation effects of gender and ethnicity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 1851 randomly selected students aged 12-17 years...
April 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418415/-role-of-the-oral-care-provider-to-call-attention-to-child-abuse
#3
R J M Gruythuysen, J M Wiggelendam
The focus on child abuse has increased in recent years. In 2015, the Royal Dutch Association of Dentists (KNMT) revised the Sign Code 'child abuse and domestic violence'. The core of the Sign Code is formed by the compulsory 5-step action plan for the signalling of, among other things, (a suspicion of) child abuse that must be followed. Dealing professionally with child abuse places high demands on the knowledge and communication skills of the health care provider. If the demands are met, the health care provider is by law adequately protected against complaints...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415027/the-influence-of-sex-on-mock-jurors-verdicts-across-type-of-child-abuse-cases
#4
Jennifer Pettalia, Joanna D Pozzulo, Jennifer Reed
This study examined the influence of victim sex, mock juror sex, and type of child abuse (physical, sexual, emotional, and neglect) on mock jurors' assessments of eyewitness and defendant integrity, continuous guilt ratings, dichotomous verdicts, and sentencing recommendations. Participants read one of eight versions of a trial transcript and then answered a self-report questionnaire. Female mock jurors were significantly more likely to find the defendant guilty overall. Moreover, female mock jurors recommended significantly longer sentences for defendants in sexual abuse cases; whereas, male mock jurors recommended significantly longer sentences for defendants in sexual and physical abuse cases...
April 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414491/associations-between-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-and-dimensions-of-alexithymia-the-moderating-role-of-sex
#5
Shaquanna Brown, Paula J Fite, Katie Stone, Allora Richey, Marco Bortolato
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment, specifically emotional maltreatment (i.e., an act, such as belittling, blaming, or rejection, that is potentially harmful to a child's emotional development), has emerged as an important correlate of alexithymia. However, the evidence is mixed with regard to how emotional abuse and neglect might relate to dimensions of alexithymia (i.e., externally oriented thinking, difficulty describing feelings, and difficulty identifying feelings). Furthermore, research is needed to identify individual factors that might influence these associations...
April 17, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413919/examining-child-welfare-decisions-and-services-for-asian-canadian-versus-white-canadian-children-and-families-in-the-child-welfare-system
#6
Barbara Lee, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Barbara Fallon, Tara Black, Nico Trocmé
Using administrative child welfare data from the Ontario Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (OCANDS), this study compared the profiles of Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that experienced a case closure after an investigation instead of being transferred to ongoing child protection services (CPS). Child protection investigations involving Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that were transferred to ongoing CPS presented a different profile of case characteristics and caregiver and child clinical needs...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413210/acute-pulmonary-thromboembolism-in-a-case-of-fatal-child-abuse
#7
R Rahimi, Z F Zulkifli, E Omar, H Ismail, S Md Noor
Child abuse is a worldwide problem. The four major types of abuse include physical abuse, child neglect, psychological maltreatment and sexual violence. We describe a fatal case of child abuse which presented with numerous old and recent soft tissue injuries all over the body. The injuries on the legs have immobilized the victim for quite some time, giving rise to deep vein thrombosis, leading to death as a result of acute pulmonary thromboembolism. This case demonstrates presence of both elements of abuse and neglect in one victim...
April 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411577/perceived-parental-child-rearing-and-attachment-as-predictors-of-anxiety-and-depressive-disorder-symptoms-in-children-the-mediational-role-of-attachment
#8
Paloma Chorot, Rosa M Valiente, Ana M Magaz, Miguel A Santed, Bonifacio Sandin
The present study aimed to examine (a) the relative contribution of perceived parental child-rearing behaviors and attachment on anxiety and depressive symptoms, and (b) the role of attachment as a possible mediator of the association between parental rearing and anxiety and depression. A sample of 1002 children (aged 9-12 years) completed a booklet of self-report questionnaires measuring parental rearing behaviors, attachment towards peers, and DSM anxiety and depressive disorder symptoms. We found that parental aversiveness, parental neglect, and fearful/preoccupied attachment, each accounted for a significant amount of the variance in both anxiety and depressive symptoms...
April 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401842/testing-the-limits-extending-attachment-based-intervention-effects-to-infant-cognitive-outcome-and-parental-stress
#9
Karine Dubois-Comtois, Chantal Cyr, George M Tarabulsy, Diane St-Laurent, Annie Bernier, Ellen Moss
Using a sample of 41 infants and toddlers (21 interventions, 20 controls) who were neglected or at serious risk for neglect, this randomized clinical trial examined the efficacy of a parent-child attachment-based video-feedback intervention on parental sensitivity, parental stress, and child mental/psychomotor development. Results showed that following the 8-week intervention, scores for maternal sensitivity and child mental and psychomotor development were higher in the intervention group than in the control group...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395209/maternal-depression-and-personality-traits-in-association-with-child-neuropsychological-and-behavioral-development-in-preschool-years-mother-child-cohort-rhea-study-in-crete-greece
#10
Katerina Koutra, Theano Roumeliotaki, Andriani Kyriklaki, Mariza Kampouri, Katerina Sarri, Maria Vassilaki, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Leda Chatzi
BACKGROUND: Poor perinatal maternal mental health has been linked with negative outcomes on early child development; however, the importance of maternal personality has been neglected thus far. We aimed to examine the effects of antenatal and postnatal maternal mental health, including assessment of maternal personality characteristics, on child neuropsychological and behavioral development at preschool years in a population based mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. METHOD: Self-reported measures of maternal depression (EPDS), trait anxiety (STAI-Trait) and personality traits (EPQ-R) were assessed in a sample of 288 women at 28-32 weeks of gestation...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392776/manifestation-of-trauma-the-effect-of-early-traumatic-experiences-and-adult-attachment-on-parental-reflective-functioning
#11
Pamela San Cristobal, Maria P Santelices, Daniel A Miranda Fuenzalida
There are many risk factors that make the transition to parenthood difficult, even in the best of circumstances. One such risk factor is the experience of parental childhood trauma, which has the potential to affect the parent/child relationship, both in terms of attachment style parental reflective functioning. This study aims to expand on the line of research concerned with the effects that trauma has once that child transitions into adulthood and into parenthood by looking at the role that the experience of trauma and adult attachment has in relation to parental reflective functioning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392247/building-workforce-capacity-to-detect-and-respond-to-child-abuse-and-neglect-cases-a-training-intervention-for-staff-working-in-emergency-settings-in-vietnam
#12
Tara Flemington, Jennifer Fraser
BACKGROUND: Too many children are brought to hospital emergency departments on numerous occasions before they are recognised as victims of child abuse and neglect. For this reason, improving knowledge and response behaviors of emergency staff at all levels is likely to have a significant impact on better outcomes. AIM: An Australian based training programme was the first of its kind to address this issue in a Vietnamese Emergency Department. Titled 'Safe Children Vietnam', the programme aimed to improve knowledge, attitudes and reporting behaviors concerning child abuse in the emergency setting...
April 6, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391074/redrawing-the-line-an-exploration-of-how-lay-people-construct-child-neglect
#13
Sasha Emma Williams
While there has been an increasing professional and political focus on the prevalence and harmfulness of child neglect, little has been done to explore what child neglect means outside child protection circles. This qualitative study explores lay constructions of child neglect by thematically analyzing focus group discussions between 46 self-defined 'lay' people in England. Participants viewed neglect as extremely damaging for children and as arising when children's physical, emotional, training and supervisory needs were unmet due to abnormal parental behavior...
April 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383850/-the-school-doctorand-suspected-child-abuse-towards-good-practice-recommendations-in-the-child-s-interest
#14
REVIEW
F Noirhomme-Renard, A Blavier, S Lachaussée, C Monville, C Nihoul, C Gosset
Child maltreatment, including all forms of mal¬treatment, remains a major public health problem in high-income countries. Healthcare professionals only contribute to a small proportion of reports. In French-speaking Belgium, almost 100 % of school-aged children are regularly submitted to periodical school health visits. The school health doctor is well placed to recognize neglected or abused children. Based on international good practice recommendations, this paper proposes means for the detection and management of child abuse in the context of school medicine...
October 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375720/child-maltreatment-and-risk-for-psychopathology-in-childhood-and-adulthood
#15
Sara R Jaffee
Although rates of child maltreatment are declining, more than 600,000 children in the United States are substantiated victims of abuse or neglect. The focus of this review is on the relationship between maltreatment and mental health problems in childhood and adulthood. Children and adults who are exposed to abuse or neglect in childhood are at risk for a range of poor mental health outcomes, including internalizing and externalizing psychopathology, posttraumatic stress disorder, psychotic symptoms, and personality disorders...
March 30, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369463/childhood-injury-prevention-predictors-of-home-hazards-in-latino-families-enrolled-in-safecare%C3%A2
#16
Alexandra Slemaker, Hannah C Espeleta, Zohal Heidari, Som B Bohora, Jane F Silovsky
 This archival project (a) examined potential risk and protective factors for hazards in the homes of Spanish-speaking immigrant Latino families and (b) provided an independent examination of the SafeCare®+ Home Safety module adapted for Latino families at high risk for child neglect.  The sample comprised 92 Latina caregivers of young children enrolled in SafeCare®+.  Results of the negative binomial regression model of predictors of home hazards before the Home Safety module found none of the factors were significant...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368174/family-psychology-past-and-future-reflections-on-the-field
#17
Ross D Parke
Prominent issues in the field of family psychology during my term as editor (1998-2003) of this journal were briefly noted, including a focus on marital issues, divorce, remarriage and family conflict. Parenting, attachment and parent-child relationships were also significant topics in this period. Special sections of the journal focused on cultural variations, families and the law, families and religion, and family routines and rituals. Several neglected issues that need more attention in the future were noted...
April 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365428/effectiveness-of-manualized-case-management-on-utilization-of-evidence-based-treatments-for-children-and-adolescents-after-maltreatment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Helene Gertrud Ganser, Annika Münzer, Andreas Witt, Paul Lukas Plener, Rainer Muche, Rita Rosner, Maria Hagl, Lutz Goldbeck
The objective of this study was to compare structured case management (CM) to usual care (UC) for helping victims of child abuse and neglect (CAN) with mental disorders access evidence-based treatment (EBT). N=121 children and adolescents aged 4-17 with a history of CAN and a current mental disorder were recruited in three German states in a multi-center parallel group trial. They were randomly assigned, stratified by study site and level of psychosocial functioning, to receive CM additionally to UC or only UC...
March 30, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358736/hiv-2-epidemic-in-spain-challenges-and-missing-opportunities
#19
Carmen de Mendoza, Teresa Cabezas, Estrella Caballero, Silvia Requena, María José Amengual, María Peñaranda, Ana Sáez, Raquel Tellez, Ana Belén Lozano, Ana Treviño, José M Ramos, José Luis Pérez, Pablo Barreiro, Vicente Soriano
: HIV type 2 (HIV-2) is a neglected virus despite estimates of 1-2 million people infected worldwide. HIV-2 is less efficiently transmitted than HIV-1 by sex and from mother-to-child. Although AIDS may develop in HIV-2 carriers, it takes longer than in HIV-1-infected patients. In contrast with HIV-1 infection, there is no global pandemic caused by HIV-2, remaining the virus largely confined to West Africa. In a less extent and due to socioeconomic ties and wars, HIV-2 is prevalent in Portugal and its former colonies in Brazil, India, Mozambique and Angola...
March 29, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355932/how-danish-dentists-and-dental-hygienists-handle-their-role-in-child-abuse-and-neglect-matters
#20
Birgitte Uldum, Hanne N Christensen, Richard Welbury, Dorte Haubek
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify how the dental team perceives its role in safeguarding children, to identify barriers to referral to social services, to compare data with data previously reported from Denmark, and to assess if increased focus on safeguarding children has had an effect on how the dental team handles its responsibility to refer to social services. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study is based on a Danish version of a questionnaire previously used in Scotland and Denmark...
March 29, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
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