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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215447/pediatric-inpatient-nurses-perceptions-of-child-maltreatment
#1
Jenifer L Lavigne, Sharon G Portwood, Jan Warren-Findlow, Larissa R Brunner Huber
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of child maltreatment among inpatient pediatric nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was used to obtain responses to an online survey designed to examine perceptions of child maltreatment from inpatient pediatric nurses. RESULTS: Many nurses surveyed (41.25%) indicated that they had not received adequate training or had never received training on child maltreatment identification and many (40%) also indicated they were not familiar with the applicable reporting laws...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212197/screening-children-for-abuse-and-neglect-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Mary Hoft, Lisa Haddad
Child abuse and neglect occur in epidemic numbers in the United States and around the world, resulting in major physical and mental health consequences for abused children in the present and future. A vast amount of information is available on the signs and symptoms and short- and long-term consequences of abuse. A limited number of instruments have been empirically developed to screen for child abuse, with most focused on physical abuse in the context of the emergency department, which have been found to be minimally effective and lacking rigor...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208866/fatal-toxic-megacolon-in-a-child-of-hirschsprung-disease
#3
Shiwani R Garg, Pragati A Sathe, Annapurna C Taware, Ketaki M Surve
Hirschsprung disease (HD) in late childhood is uncommon and often undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. However, in a patient with Hirschsprung disease, of greater significance is the occurrence of life threatening enterocolitis. In its more severe form, this is associated with gross dilatation of the colon and profound toxaemia, the combination being termed toxic megacolon. Because of its relative rarity, we report a case of 10-year-old child who had a history of chronic constipation for nine years. He later developed complications and presented to the emergency department with toxic megacolon, a rare occurrence due to neglected constipation...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208690/examining-the-relationship-between-economic-hardship-and-child-maltreatment-using-data-from-the-ontario-incidence-study-of-reported-child-abuse-and-neglect-2013-ois-2013
#4
Rachael Lefebvre, Barbara Fallon, Melissa Van Wert, Joanne Filippelli
There is strong evidence that poverty and economic disadvantage are associated with child maltreatment; however, research in this area is underdeveloped in Canada. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between economic hardship and maltreatment for families and children identified to the Ontario child protection system for a maltreatment concern. Secondary analyses of the Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2013 (OIS-2013) were conducted. The OIS-2013 examines the incidence of reported maltreatment and the characteristics of children and families investigated by child welfare authorities in Ontario in 2013...
February 8, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206885/guideline-on-oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#5
(no author information available yet)
In all 50 states, physicians and dentists are required to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect and the role of physicians and dentists in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may be suspicious for child abuse or neglect. Physicians receive minimal training in oral health and dental injury and disease and, thus, may not detect dental aspects of abuse or neglect as readily as they do child abuse and neglect involving other areas of the body...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185670/the-relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-males-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#6
Sarah Turner, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Tracie O Afifi
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations between childhood sexual abuse (CSA), co-occurrence with other types of maltreatment and adult mental health outcomes, specifically among males. The objectives of this study were to: 1) determine the prevalence of males who have experienced a) childhood maltreatment without CSA; b) CSA without other forms of childhood maltreatment; and c) CSA along with other forms of childhood maltreatment; and 2) determine the relationship between CSA among males and mood, anxiety, substance and personality disorders and suicide attempts...
February 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178955/the-management-of-the-faeces-passed-by-under-five-children-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-research-in-an-urban-community-in-southwest-nigeria
#7
Olufemi Oludare Aluko, Olusegun Temitope Afolabi, Emmanuel Abiodun Olaoye, Adeyinka Daniel Adebayo, Seun Oladele Oyetola, Oluwaseun Olamide Abegunde
BACKGROUND: Safe management of faeces (SMoF) and environmental contamination by faecal pathogens have been extensively researched although the SMoF in under-five children has been perennially neglected perhaps due to the misconception that it is harmless. This research, therefore, studied the situation, to determine the magnitude and dimensions of the problem aimed at making policy level stakeholders aware of child faeces management systems and so, inform evidence-based implementation of child and health-related programmes in Nigeria...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174372/child-abuse-and-neglect-do-we-know-enough-a-cross-sectional-study-of-knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-of-dentists-regarding-child-abuse-and-neglect-in-pune-india
#8
Suruchi Malpani, Jatin Arora, Gunjeeta Diwaker, Priyajeet Kaur Kaleka, Aditi Parey, Parinita Bontala
INTRODUCTION: Child abuse and neglect (CAN) is a significant global problem with a serious impact on the victims throughout their lives. Dentists have the unique opportunity to address this problem. However, reporting such cases has become a sensitive issue due to the uncertainty of the diagnosis. The authors are testing the knowledge of the dentists toward CAN and also trying to question the efforts of the educational institutions to improve this knowledge for the better future of the younger generation...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165688/the-safe-haven-response-to-child-abuse-and-neglect
#9
Angela Lisburg
Imagine, for a moment, finding courage. Finding courage to tell someone about something happening to you; something bad, maybe something so terrible that you feel embarrassed and ashamed about it and are afraid no one will believe you. Maybe you believe that it's your fault. Maybe the person who did this to you threatened you and told you never to tell, and you are so frightened about what might happen next.
July 2016: Health Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163690/mentalizing-makes-parenting-work-a-review-about-parental-reflective-functioning-and-clinical-interventions-to-improve-it
#10
REVIEW
Andrea Camoirano
In the last decade several studies have investigated the role of parental reflective functioning (RF), defined as the parental ability to understand his/her child's mental states, on the child's development. Herein, a narrative review on parental RF is presented aimed at (1) presenting an overview of the existing empirical studies, (2) pinpointing unrequited questions, and (3) identifying future research directions. Specifically, the current review focused on (a) the impact of parental RF on the quality of caregiving and the child's attachment security, (b) the effect of parental RF on the child's emotion regulation and the child's RF, (c) maternal RF in women with a history of neglect and abuse, (d) the efficacy of mentalization-based clinical interventions, and (e) the recently developed Parental Reflective Questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163367/parent-child-agreement-on-parent-to-child-maltreatment
#11
Laura H C G Compier-de Block, Lenneke R A Alink, Mariëlle Linting, Lisa J M van den Berg, Bernet M Elzinga, Alexandra Voorthuis, Marieke S Tollenaar, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
Parent-child agreement on child maltreatment was examined in a multigenerational study. Questionnaires on perpetrated and experienced child maltreatment were completed by 138 parent-child pairs. Multi-level analyses were conducted to explore whether parents and children agreed about levels of parent-to-child maltreatment (convergence), and to examine whether parents and children reported equal levels of child maltreatment (absolute differences). Direct and moderating effects of age and gender were examined as potential factors explaining differences between parent and child report...
2017: Journal of Family Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155317/the-pattern-and-correlates-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-kano-nigeria
#12
Tanko S Tanimu, Stephen Yohanna, Suleiman Y Omeiza
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been increasingly recognised as a major public health and human rights problem that cuts across all populations, irrespective of social, economic, religious or cultural groups. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence, pattern and correlates of IPV among women attending the General Out Patient Clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. It was also designed to determine the pattern of health complications associated with IPV as well as the perception of women on intimate partner violence...
November 29, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139475/pediatric-dentistese
#13
REVIEW
Sharath Asokan, Sivakumar Nuvvula
Successful practice of pediatric dentistry depends on the establishment of a good relationship between the dentist and the child. Such a relationship is possible only through effective communication. Pediatric dentistry includes both an art and a science component. The focus has been mostly on the technical aspects of our science, and the soft skills we need to develop are often forgotten or neglected. This paper throws light on the communication skills we need to imbibe to be a successful pediatric dentist...
January 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133982/the-prevention-of-violence-in-childhood-through-parenting-programmes-a-global-review
#14
Charlene Coore Desai, Jody-Ann Reece, Sydonnie Shakespeare-Pellington
Child maltreatment is a global problem affecting both high income (HICs) and low and middle income countries (LMICs). However research has shown that children who live in the world's poorest countries and communities are more likely to suffer from abuse and neglect. There is some evidence that parenting interventions can assist in the prevention of child maltreatment, but most of this research has been conducted in HICs. The main aim of this review was to examine the evidence from previous systematic reviews on the role of parenting programmes in the prevention of violence against children in both HICs and LMICs...
January 29, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132053/mechanisms-linking-interparental-aggression-to-child-dental-caries
#15
M F Lorber, D J N Maisson, A M S Slep, R E Heyman, M S Wolff
Research has garnered support for a systemic view of factors affecting child dental caries that accounts for the influence of social factors such as the family environment. Our previous work has demonstrated the association between mother-to-father emotional aggression and child caries. The present study builds on these results by evaluating pathways that might explain this relation. Families (n = 135) completed a multimethod assessment of mother-to-father emotional aggression, child caries, and several hypothesized mediators (i...
January 28, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122285/evaluation-of-forensic-medical-history-taking-from-the-child-in-cases-of-child-physical-and-sexual-abuse-and-neglect
#16
Rachel Drummond, John A M Gall
BACKGROUND: Suspected child physical abuse, sexual abuse and neglect are not uncommon presentations. As part of the assessment of these cases, a forensic medical history may be taken. This forensic history is used not only to determine the steps necessary to address the child's wellbeing but also to direct the forensic examination. Currently, there is no clear consensus on whether or not a forensic medical history should consistently be considered an integral element within the paediatric forensic evaluation...
February 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116266/a-rare-case-of-neglected-traumatic-anterior-dislocation-of-hip-in-a-child
#17
Aditya Krishna Mootha, Kasi Viswanadam Mogali
INTRODUCTION: Post traumatic hip dislocations are very rare in children. Neglected anterior hip dislocations in children are not described in literature so far. Here, we present a case of 6 weeks old anterior hip dislocation successfully managed by open reduction. CASE PRESENTATION: A 9-year-old male child presented with neglected anterior hip dislocation on left side. Open reduction carried out through direct anterior approach to hip. Congruent reduction is achieved...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101373/optimizing-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-with-postpartum-contraception-impact-on-breastfeeding-and-birth-spacing
#18
REVIEW
Aparna Sridhar, Jennifer Salcedo
Postpartum contraception is important to prevent unintended pregnancies. Assisting women in achieving recommended inter-pregnancy intervals is a significant maternal-child health concern. Short inter-pregnancy intervals are associated with negative perinatal, neonatal, infant, and maternal health outcomes. More than 30% of women experience inter-pregnancy intervals of less than 18 months in the United States. Provision of any contraceptive method after giving birth is associated with improved inter-pregnancy intervals...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098410/juror-decision-making-in-death-penalty-sentencing-when-presented-with-defendant-s-history-of-child-abuse-or-neglect
#19
Lisa L Bell Holleran, Tyler J Vaughan, Donna M Vandiver
Previous studies have found aggravating, mitigating, and null effects of defendant histories of abuse and neglect on punishment preferences in capital sentencing. Perceiving these defendants as more dangerous, jurors may be more likely to favor the death penalty when such evidence is presented. This is counter to the intuition that abuse or neglect reduces culpability, and therefore mitigates the severity of punishment. We investigated the effect of defendant childhood physical abuse, sexual abuse, or neglect on the probability of a prospective juror preferring the death penalty in an between-subject experimental design...
January 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093220/increased-oxytocin-levels-among-abstinent-heroin-addicts-association-with-aggressiveness-psychiatric-symptoms-and-perceived-childhood-neglect
#20
Lidia M Gerra, Gilberto Gerra, Laura Mercolini, Matteo Manfredini, Lorenzo Somaini, Chiara M Pieri, Maina Antonioni, Michele Protti, Paolo Ossola, Carlo Marchesi
A disruption of the oxytocin system seems to affect a variety of brain functions including emotions, mood and social behavior possibly underlying severe social deficits and susceptibility for substance use and mental health disorders. Early life adversity, such as insecure attachment in childhood, has been suggested to influence oxytocin tone contributing to a condition of neurobiological vulnerability. Aim of the present study was to investigate oxytocin serum levels in abstinent heroin addicted patients, in comparison with healthy controls, and the possible correlation with co-occurring psychiatric symptoms, aggressiveness and perception of parental neglect...
January 16, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
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