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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918232/childhood-maltreatment-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-behaviors-unique-cumulative-and-interactive-effects
#1
Marie-Eve Thibodeau, Francine Lavoie, Martine Hébert, Martin Blais
Child maltreatment has been associated with sexual risk behaviors. Previous investigators have typically studied only one form of maltreatment, preventing them from exploring interrelations between forms of maltreatment and their impact on sexual risk behaviors. Thus, this study aims to examine the unique, cumulative, and interactive effects of four maltreatment forms (sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect, and witnessing interparental violence) on sexual risk behaviors. The sample comprised 1940 sexually active adolescents (Mage=15...
September 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904153/imaging-and-diagnosis-of-physical-child-abuse
#2
Marlene M Johnson
Child abuse involves grave and disturbing acts of violence that can have lasting physical and emotional consequences for children and their families. The diagnosis of child abuse is emotionally difficult for those involved, and an error in judgment either way can have a detrimental effect on the health and safety of the child. Physicians rely on the skills of the imaging team to produce high-quality images that assist in differentiating inflicted injuries from accidental trauma. This article explores the significance of imaging in child abuse by discussing the types of injuries that occur and the imaging studies that aid in diagnosing physical child abuse...
September 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898416/reporting-and-identifying-child-physical-abuse-how-well-are-we-doing
#3
Grace W K Ho, Amie Bettencourt, Deborah A Gross
Entry into the child protection system in the US begins with a child maltreatment report. Some evidence suggests that report source and child age are related to report outcomes, but there has been no national study of these relationships. The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to describe the distribution of report sources for child physical abuse (CPA), and examine whether (a) the source of a report and (b) child age contribute to the likelihood of substantiation of the reported abuse. Multilevel logistic regressions were conducted using a US national sample of 204,414 children investigated for CPA in 2013 in a dataset obtained from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System...
September 12, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890662/-where-were-your-clothes-eliciting-descriptions-of-clothing-placement-from-children-alleging-sexual-abuse-in-criminal-trials-and-forensic-interviews
#4
Stacia N Stolzenberg, Thomas D Lyon
PURPOSE: The present study examined how children alleging sexual abuse are asked about clothing placement during abusive episodes, both in criminal trials and forensic interviews. The placement of clothing is of great importance, because it facilitates distinguishing abusive touch from non-abusive touch, as well as the severity of abuse when the touching is in fact sexual. If clothing has not been removed, then sexual abuse appears less likely and certain types of sexual contact are physically impossible (or at least highly improbable)...
September 2017: Legal and Criminological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886870/children-and-young-people-s-views-on-institutional-safety-it-s-not-just-because-we-re-little
#5
Tim P Moore
The Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse has set in motion a number of systemic and organizational approaches to identify and respond to child sexual abuse. These include increased child abuse awareness, developing and enhancing child-safe organizational cultures and policies and more thorough screening and supervision of staff in child and youth serving organizations. Although these advances should be applauded, many of the concerns that children and young people have raised about interpersonal safety have not been fully addressed...
September 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871592/bangladeshi-school-age-children-s-experiences-and-perceptions-on-child-maltreatment-a-qualitative-interview-study
#6
M Atiqul Haque, S Janson, S Moniruzzaman, A K M F Rahman, S R Mashreky, U-B Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment (CM) is a public health problem and is recognized as a huge barrier for child development. Most of the research and definitions on CM are from the perspective of high-income western countries. Because no major studies have been conducted on CM in Bangladesh, the aim of the current study was to explore the experiences of and perceptions on CM in school-age children in rural and urban Bangladesh in order to understand maltreatment in a local context and from a child perspective...
September 4, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869880/psychometric-properties-of-the-adverse-childhood-experiences-abuse-short-form-ace-asf-among-romanian-high-school-students
#7
Franziska Meinck, Alina Paula Cosma, Christopher Mikton, Adriana Baban
Child abuse is a major public health problem. In order to establish the prevalence of abuse exposure among children, measures need to be age-appropriate, sensitive, reliable and valid. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire Abuse Short Form (ACE-ASF). The ACE-ASF is an 8-item, retrospective self-report questionnaire measuring lifetime physical, emotional and sexual abuse. Data from a nationally representative sample of 15-year-old, school-going adolescents (n=1733, 55...
September 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865399/the-child-abuse-potential-inventory-development-of-an-arabic-version
#8
Jumana Al Abduwani, Peter Sidebotham, Muna Al Saadoon, Mohammed Al Lawati, Jane Barlow
The Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI) is a well-validated screening tool for assessing potential for child physical abuse, and has been translated into many different languages. To date the CAPI has not been translated into Arabic or used in any studies in Arabic-speaking populations. This study reports on the process of adapting the CAPI into Arabic Language which was undertaken following the International Society of Pharma-economics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) guidelines. The translation/adaptation process was multi-stage, and involved the use of a Delphi process, cognitive debriefing, back translation, and a pilot testing of the Arabic CAPI at two primary health care centers with a population of pregnant women (n=60)...
August 30, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864118/the-impacts-of-institutional-child-sexual-abuse-a-rapid-review-of-the-evidence
#9
Tamara Blakemore, James Leslie Herbert, Fiona Arney, Samantha Parkinson
While awareness of institutional child sexual abuse has grown in recent years, there remains limited understanding of its occurrence and outcomes as a distinct form of abuse. Drawing on research commissioned by the Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, this article presents a rapid review of available evidence on the impacts of institutional abuse on victim/survivors. Literature searches identified 75 sources spanning international peer reviewed work and reports to Government that document or quantify the impacts of mostly historical child sexual abuse occurring in religious, educational, sporting and residential or out-of-home care settings...
August 31, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863394/physical-violence-against-children-with-hearing-loss-by-parents-a-pilot-study-in-beijing-china
#10
Yingying Jiang, Jingqi Chen, Buyi Yu, Yichen Jin
This study aims to examine the rate and risk factors for physical violence (PV) by parents against hearing loss children in Beijing, China. Cross-sectional study was carried out among 86 couples of parents of hearing loss children from two special education schools in Beijing. Parents' self-reporting questionnaires were used to collect information about parental PV behaviors during the past 12 months, definition of child abuse, attitudes towards the use of corporal punishment to discipline children, parents' childhood experience of PV victimization, and demographic characteristics...
August 29, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861709/a-nociceptive-stress-model-of-adolescent-physical-abuse-induces-contextual-fear-and-cingulate-nociceptive-neuroplasticities
#11
Brent A Vogt, Leslie J Vogt, Robert W Sikes
Adolescent physical abuse impairs emotional development and evokes cingulate pathologies, but its neuronal and circuit substrates are unknown. Conditioning adolescent rabbits with noxious colorectal distension for only 2 h over 3 weeks simulated the human child abuse in amplitude, frequency, and duration. Thermal withdrawal thresholds were unchanged suggesting that sensitized spinal mechanisms may not be operable. Unchanged weight, stools, colorectal histology, and no evidence of abdominal pain argue against tissue injury or irritable bowel syndrome...
August 31, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858639/childhood-trauma-and-psychosis-beyond-the-association
#12
Grégoire Baudin, Andrei Szoke, Jean-Romain Richard, Antoine Pelissolo, Marion Leboyer, Franck Schürhoff
Childhood traumas have been extensively associated with the development of psychotic disorders. However, our understanding of processes underlying this relationship remains poor. In order to address this issue, we examined which specific aspects of childhood trauma are significantly associated with a first episode of psychosis. 109 patients with first episode of psychosis and 145 controls representative from general population were recruited in three centers in France. Child experiences of care and abuses allowed obtaining information about types of childhood trauma, age at first exposure, identity of perpetrator, and social support...
August 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857691/exploring-the-relationship-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-hope
#13
Michael A Baxter, Eden J Hemming, Heather C McIntosh, Chan M Hellman
To explore the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and hope, a convenience sample of caregivers bringing in children for medical investigation of child abuse at a regional child advocacy center were surveyed for adverse childhood experiences and dispositional hope. Hope in this sample had a significant negative correlation to the adverse childhood experiences subscale "abuse" (r = -.19; p < .05). The relationship between hope and the other adverse childhood experiences subscales "neglect" (r = -...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844100/physical-symptoms-in-very-young-children-assessed-for-sexual-abuse-a-mixed-method-analysis-from-the-asac-study
#14
Thekla F Vrolijk-Bosschaart, Sonja N Brilleslijper-Kater, Guy A Widdershoven, Arianne Rian H Teeuw, Eva Verlinden, Yolande Voskes, Esther M van Duin, Arnoud P Verhoeff, Marc A Benninga, Ramón J L Lindauer
So far, a recognizable pattern of clinical symptoms for child sexual abuse (CSA), especially in young male children, is lacking. To improve early recognition of CSA, we reviewed physical complaints, physical examination, and tests on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in confirmed victims (predominantly preschool boys) of CSA from the Amsterdam sexual abuse case (ASAC). We retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of the primary assessment using mixed methods: descriptive analysis of physical complaints, physical exams, and STI tests from medical files and a qualitative analysis on expert's interpretations of physical complaints and children's behavior during physical examination...
August 26, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832785/prevalence-of-physical-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-first-six-months-after-childbirth-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#15
Claudia Leite de Moraes, Aline Gaudard E Silva de Oliveira, Michael Eduardo Reichenheim, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Maria do Carmo Leal
The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of physical intimate partner violence in the first six months after childbirth among women attending primary care clinics (UBS) for the infant's follow-up in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This is the first study on the theme using a representative sample of primary care clinics in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The study used a cross-sectional design from June to September 2007 and included 927 mothers/infants seen at 27 UBS, selected by complex sampling, geographically representative of the city...
August 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821514/school-staff-perpetration-of-physical-violence-against-students-in-uganda-a-multilevel-analysis-of-risk-factors
#16
Katherine G Merrill, Louise Knight, Judith R Glynn, Elizabeth Allen, Dipak Naker, Karen M Devries
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a multilevel analysis of risk factors for physical violence perpetration by school staff against Ugandan students. DESIGN: Multilevel logistic regression analysis of cross-sectional survey data from 499 staff and 828 caregivers of students at 38 primary schools, collected in 2012 and 2014 during the Good Schools Study. SETTING: Luwero District, Uganda. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Past-week use of physical violence by school staff against students was measured using the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect 'Child Abuse Screening Tool- Child International' and the WHO Multi-Country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816490/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-receiving-trauma-informed-practices-on-domestic-violence-shelter-residents
#17
Cris M Sullivan, Lisa A Goodman, Tyler Virden, Jennifer Strom, Rachel Ramirez
Domestic violence is a potentially traumatizing experience that has devastating psychological and physical consequences. In response, domestic violence shelter programs have focused increasing attention on helping adult and child survivors understand and heal from this trauma. What have come to be called trauma-informed practices include (a) reflecting an understanding of trauma and its many effects on health and behavior, (b) addressing both physical and psychological safety concerns, (c) using a culturally informed strengths-based approach, (d) helping to illuminate the nature and effects of abuse on survivors' everyday experience; and (e) providing opportunities for clients to regain control over their lives...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816488/direct-and-indirect-effects-of-child-abuse-and-environmental-stress-a-lifecourse-perspective-on-adversity-and-depressive-symptoms
#18
Cindy Sousa, W Alex Mason, Todd I Herrenkohl, Dana Prince, Roy C Herrenkohl, M Jean Russo
There is a great deal of evidence about the mental health implications of physical child abuse and environmental stressors, or hardships that people experience at the household and neighborhood level (e.g., neighborhood violence; economic hardship, substance abuse, or conflict among family members). Yet, studies often focus on either abuse or environmental stress, not both, or examine abuse and environmental stressors as a combined set of experiences. Less is known, therefore, about how child abuse and environmental stress might work as either distinct or interrelated risks to diminish mental health over time...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815844/do-adult-mental-health-services-identify-child-abuse-and-neglect-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
John Read, David Harper, Ian Tucker, Angela Kennedy
Child abuse and neglect play a causal role in many mental health problems. Knowing whether users of mental health services were abused or neglected as children could be considered essential for developing comprehensive formulations and effective treatment plans. In the present study we report the findings of a systematic review, using independent searches of three databases designed to discover how often mental health staff find out whether their clients were abused or neglected as children. Twenty-one relevant studies were identified...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810212/evaluation-of-bikers-against-child-abuse-baca-program-a-community-intervention-for-child-abuse-victims
#20
Dee C Ray, J P Lilly, Nancy Gallina, Paula MacIan, Brittany Wilson
Children who have experienced physical abuse benefit from a multitude of community interventions including support programs to address emotional and behavioral stability. This pilot study evaluated the services of Bikers Against Child Abuse (BACA), a community of bikers lending intervention to abused children, using a pre/post exploratory design. Participants (N=154) were children who had been referred by parents/guardians for current or past physical and/or sexual abuse. Parents/guardians of children were interviewed four times over a course of one year...
August 5, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
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