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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346067/the-association-between-child-maltreatment-and-adult-poverty-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-research
#1
Lisa Bunting, Gavin Davidson, Claire McCartan, Jennifer Hanratty, Paul Bywaters, Will Mason, Nicole Steils
Child maltreatment is a global problem affecting millions of children and is associated with an array of cumulative negative outcomes later in life, including unemployment and financial difficulties. Although establishing child maltreatment as a causal mechanism for adult economic outcomes is fraught with difficulty, understanding the relationship between the two is essential to reducing such inequality. This paper presents findings from a systematic review of longitudinal research examining experiences of child maltreatment and economic outcomes in adulthood...
January 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330640/is-contact-with-children-related-to-legitimizing-beliefs-toward-sex-with-children-among-men-with-pedophilia
#2
Max Geradt, Sara Jahnke, Julia Heinz, Jürgen Hoyer
Among pedophilic men, social contact with children has been discussed as creating a risk situation for sexual abuse. Also, pedophilic men searching for such contact are seen as harboring more beliefs legitimizing sexual contact with children. However, social contact may also decrease false beliefs. We tested these competing views in an anonymous Internet survey with a non-forensic, non-clinical sample of 104 self-classified pedophilic men. Results showed that both increased social and physical contact were significantly linked to fewer legitimizing beliefs toward sex with children, even when controlling for past psychotherapy, educational level, social desirability, and age...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325428/mother-child-coregulation-of-parasympathetic-processes-differs-by-child-maltreatment-severity-and-subtype
#3
Erika Lunkenheimer, Alex Busuito, Kayla M Brown, Elizabeth A Skowron
Parasympathetic processes appear to underlie maladaptive parent-child interactions in maltreating families, but it is unknown whether parent-child coregulation of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) differs by child maltreatment severity and subtype. RSA coregulation in maltreating and nonmaltreating mother-child dyads ( N = 146; age 3-5 years) during two dyadic tasks was analyzed using dynamic time series modeling. Nonmaltreating dyads showed positive RSA concordance but maltreating dyads (when examined as one group) did not...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316709/screaming-body-and-silent-healthcare-providers-a-case-study-with-a-childhood-sexual-abuse-survivor
#4
REVIEW
Sigrun Sigurdardottir, Sigridur Halldorsdottir
Stressful early life experiences cause immune dysregulation across the lifespan. Despite the fact that studies have identified childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors as a particularly vulnerable group, only a few attempts have been made to study their lived-experience of the physical health consequences of CSA. The aim of this study was to explore a female CSA survivor's lived-experience of the physical health consequences of CSA and how she experienced the reactions of healthcare providers. Seven interviews were conducted with this 40-year-old woman, Anne, using a phenomenological research approach...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310741/childhood-interpersonal-violence-and-adult-alcohol-cannabis-and-tobacco-use-disorders-variation-by-race-ethnicity
#5
Jacquelyn L Meyers, Carolyn E Sartor, Kimberly B Werner, Karestan C Koenen, Bridget F Grant, Deborah Hasin
BACKGROUND: Exposure to child maltreatment has been shown to increase lifetime risk for substance use disorders (SUD). However, this has not been systematically examined among race/ethnic groups, for whom rates of exposure to assaultive violence and SUD differ. This study examined variation by race/ethnicity and gender in associations of alcohol (AUD), cannabis (CUD), and tobacco (TUD) use disorders with three types of childhood interpersonal violence (cIPV): physical abuse, sexual abuse, and witnessing parental violence...
January 9, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306737/exposure-to-verbal-abuse-and-neglect-during-childbirth-among-jordanian-women
#6
Fatima Alzyoud, Kaveh Khoshnood, Ahlam Alnatour, Arwa Oweis
Women's relationship with health care providers in maternity settings during childbirth has a significant impact on their wellbeing and lives. The current study aims to explore women exposure to neglect and verbal abuse during childbirth METHOD: a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive design was conducted at four governmental Maternal and Child Health Centers (MCHCs). A final sample of 390 Jordanian women who gave birth within the last 1-3 months was included in the study. Childbirth Verbal Abuse and Neglect Questionnaire (CVANQ) were developed to collect the data...
December 14, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295010/preferences-and-ratings-of-partner-traits-in-female-survivors-of-childhood-abuse-with-ptsd-and-healthy-controls
#7
Klara A Lieberz, Meike Müller-Engelmann, Kathlen Priebe, Franziska Friedmann, Nora Görg, Julia Isabell Herzog, Regina Steil
There is growing empirical evidence for an association between childhood abuse (CA) and intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood. We tested whether revictimized survivors of severe to extreme severities of child sexual abuse (CSA) and severe severities of child physical abuse (CPA) differed from nonvictimized healthy controls in their trait preferences in intimate partners and their current mate choice. In a sample of 52 revictimized female patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after CSA/CPA and 52 female healthy controls, the validated Intimate Partner Preferences Questionnaire (IPPQ) was used to assess (a) the desirability of tenderness, dominance, and aggression traits in potential partners, and (b) the presence of these traits in their current intimate partners...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294946/safe-from-harm-youth-self-report-of-physical-assault-in-child-welfare-placements
#8
Jesse J Helton, Tatiana Gochez-Kerr
Although most child welfare placements receive a rigorous assessment and ongoing safety monitoring, it is still unclear which is safest in terms of physical abuse. Our goals for this study were to assess the relative risk of physical assault for different child welfare placements in a national sample of youth and examine that risk within placement types for children with various levels of behavioral problems. Unlike previous studies of assault prevalence, we constrained our analysis to youth self-reports of assaults within a current placement to increase validity...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294918/abuse-is-abuse-the-influence-of-type-of-abuse-victim-age-and-defendant-age-on-juror-decision-making
#9
Chelsea L Sheahan, Emily Pica, Joanna D Pozzulo
The purpose of the current study was to examine the role of victim age, defendant age, and type of abuse on mock juror decision making. Mock jurors ( N = 556) read a trial transcript in which a soccer coach was accused of sexual abuse or physical abuse against a player. The victim's age (child, adolescent, or young adult), the defendant's age (young, middle age, or older adult), and the type of abuse (sexual or physical) were varied. Mock jurors provided a dichotomous and continuous verdict and rated their perceptions of the victim and the defendant...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294875/types-of-trauma-and-self-reported-pain-that-limits-functioning-in-different-aged-cohorts
#10
Ginny Sprang, Heather M Bush, Ann L Coker, Candace J Brancato
There is a growing body of literature that childhood or adult trauma exposure can have lifelong mental and physical health impacts. In this large cross-sectional analysis, authors investigated combinations of trauma types and pain resulting in functional limitations among women recruited into a statewide health registry. Combinations of traumas such as child physical abuse (CPA), child sexual abuse (CSA), and adult violence were hypothesized to be associated with greater likelihood of limiting pain and earlier symptom onset, relative to women with no or singular trauma exposures...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294853/qualitatively-understanding-mother-fault-after-childhood-sexual-abuse
#11
Jessica L Zagrodney, Jorden A Cummings
Socially constructed images of motherhood suggest that a "good" mother is caring, nurturing, and selfless-the perfect maternal figure. When these standards are not met, mother blaming (i.e., assigning fault to mothers) occurs even in child sexual abuse (CSA) cases. We collected 312 open-ended responses in total from 108 community-based participants to understand contextual factors that increase and decrease in mother fault in a CSA-related vignette depicting the mother's partner as the perpetrator. Thematic analysis revealed five main themes...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294755/longitudinal-trajectory-of-exposure-to-psychological-interpersonal-violence
#12
Stefanie Poehacker, David Phillips, Jessica Riggs, Dean Lauterbach
Psychological intimate partner violence (P-IPV) refers to verbal abuse from one partner to another and abuse of power or control from one partner to another. To date, no studies have examined the longitudinal course of P-IPV exposure among mothers or the effect that witnessing P-IPV can have on their children. Using latent class growth analysis, the current study identified five trajectory groups with the following intercept and growth characteristics: low stable, low-increasing, moderate-decreasing, high-decreasing, and consistently elevated...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294733/perception-of-physical-child-abuse-among-parents-and-professionals-in-a-french-emergency-department
#13
Marion Bailhache, Ahmadou Alioum, Louis-Rachid Salmi
France has not prohibited all forms of corporal punishment, and the point at which an act is regarded as physical abuse is not clearly determined. The aim of our study was to compare perception of a caregiver's violent behavior toward his child by professionals and parents in an emergency department and determine characteristics associated with that perception. A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2013 to October 2014 in the emergency department of the pediatric university hospital in Bordeaux, France...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294723/child-welfare-responses-linked-to-subtypes-of-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-evidence-from-the-canadian-incidence-study-of-reported-child-abuse-and-neglect
#14
Andrea Gonzalez, Harriet MacMillan, Masako Tanaka, Susan M Jack, Lil Tonmyr
Children exposed to intimate partner violence (CE-IPV) are at increased risk for later health and social difficulties. To date, studies have primarily focused on CE-IPV as a unitary construct; this may lead to the mistaken assumption that all subtypes of CE-IPV (i.e., exposure to direct or indirect physical abuse, or exposure to emotional abuse) are equally harmful requiring similar responses from child welfare services. The purpose of this study was to examine child welfare responses by CE-IPV subtype in a large Canadian child welfare sample...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294721/developmental-timing-of-childhood-physical-and-sexual-maltreatment-predicts-adult-depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#15
Jessica Jaye Capretto
Child physical and sexual maltreatment have emerged as documented risk factors for a wide range of health problems in adulthood, including depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms. Prior research focuses on generalized childhood adversities without accounting for how different critical details about the maltreatment may affect outcomes in adulthood. The present study examines the impact of two critical details, timing and type of child maltreatment, on depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms in adulthood...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294710/young-adults-victimized-as-children-or-adolescents-relationships-between-perpetrator-patterns-poly-victimization-and-mental-health-problems
#16
Åsa Källström, Karin Hellfeldt, Kathryn H Howell, Laura E Miller-Graff, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Child and adolescent victims of violence are often exposed to more than one kind of physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment. Both individually and cumulatively, such victimizations have significant ramifications on mental health. Yet little is known about the relationships in which these different kinds of victimizations occur and how the relationship between the victim and perpetrators may influence later mental health. This retrospective, self-report study of a nationally representative sample of 2,500 young adults in Sweden examines associations between different types of victimization (including poly-victimization), the victim's relationship to the perpetrator, and how these factors are related to current mental health...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294679/childhood-trauma-social-networks-and-the-mental-health-of-adult-survivors
#17
F David Schneider, Cynthia A Loveland Cook, Joanne Salas, Jeffrey Scherrer, Ivy N Cleveland, Sandra K Burge
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of childhood trauma to the quality of social networks and health outcomes later in adulthood. Data were obtained from a convenience sample of 254 adults seen in one of 10 primary care clinics in the state of Texas. Standardized measures of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), stressful and supportive social relationships, medical conditions, anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life were administered. Using latent class analysis, subjects were assigned to one of four ACE classes: (a) minimal childhood abuse (56%), (b) physical/verbal abuse of both child and mother with household alcohol abuse (13%), (c) verbal and physical abuse of child with household mental illness (12%), and (d) verbal abuse only (19%)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294668/examining-the-relationship-between-witnessing-intimate-partner-violence-and-victimization-among-children-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Majid A Al-Eissa, Hassan N Saleheen, Maha Almuneef
Childhood exposure to violence can lead to physical, mental, and emotional harm, whether a child is a direct victim or a witness to violent events. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between witnessing intimate partner violence (IPV) and victimization among children. A cross-sectional, national study was conducted in secondary high schools in the five main provinces of Saudi Arabia (SA) using International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) ISPCAN Child Abuse and Neglect Screening Tool-Child: Home version...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294666/exploring-bullying-perpetration-and-victimization-among-adolescent-girls-in-the-child-welfare-system-bully-only-victim-only-bully-victim-and-noninvolved-roles
#19
Paul R Sterzing, Wendy F Auslander, G Allen Ratliff, Donald R Gerke, Tonya Edmond, Melissa Jonson-Reid
Childhood abuse is a common experience for youth in the child welfare system, increasing their risk of bullying perpetration and victimization. Little research exists that has examined the rates of bullying perpetration and victimization for child welfare-involved adolescent girls. The study addressed the following aims: (a) to generate frequency estimates of physical, nonphysical, and relational forms of bullying perpetration and victimization; (b) to identify the frequency of bully-only, victim-only, bully-victim, and noninvolved roles; and (c) to identify risk and protective factors that correlate with these bullying role types...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294655/when-bigger-is-better-household-size-abuse-injuries-neglect-and-family-response-in-novosibirsk-russia
#20
Clifton R Emery, Tatiana Eremina, Carmen Arenas, Jaeyop Kim, Ko Ling Chan
Although previous research has demonstrated larger households to be at higher risk of physical abuse and neglect of children, we argue that unilateral conceptualization of larger households as a risk factor is inappropriate. Application of resource dilution theory must capture the possibility that larger families may have more members with both the agency and will to intervene against child maltreatment. We hypothesized a negative interaction between household size and protective informal social control by family members in predicting abuse injuries and neglect...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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