keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Child physical abuse

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641385/development-of-an-electronic-medical-record-based-child-physical-abuse-alert-system
#1
Rachel P Berger, Richard A Saladino, Janet Fromkin, Emily Heineman, Srinivasan Suresh, Tom McGinn
Objective: Physical abuse is a leading cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality. Physicians do not consistently screen for abuse, even in high-risk situations. Alerts in the electronic medical record may help improve screening rates, resulting in early identification and improved outcomes. Methods: Triggers to identify children < 2 years old at risk for physical abuse were coded into the electronic medical record at a freestanding pediatric hospital with a level 1 trauma center...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626280/children-s-executive-function-in-a-cps-involved-sample-effects-of-cumulative-adversity-and-specific-types-of-adversity
#2
Leslie E Roos, Hyoun K Kim, Simone Schnabler, Philip A Fisher
Prior research has identified the presence of executive function (EF) deficits in child protective service (CPS) involved (versus non-involved) children but minimal work has examined predictors that might explain individual differences within these CPS-involved children. Here, we sought to characterize EF in a large sample (N=694) of CPS-involved children and examine how specific adversities (physical abuse, neglect, caregiver domestic violence, and caregiver substance dependence) and cumulative adversity (at ages 0-3 and 3-6 years) predict EF (at approximately 5-6 years)...
December 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622571/substantiated-childhood-maltreatment-and-young-adulthood-cannabis-use-disorders-a-pre-birth-cohort-study
#3
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Jake Moses Najman, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Alexandra Clavarino, Steve Kisely
This study investigates the association between exposure to prospectively-substantiated childhood maltreatment between 0 and 14 years of age and lifetime cannabis use, abuse and dependence reported at 21 years. Data were taken from 2526 (51.6% female) participants in the Mater Hospital-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy, a pre-birth, prospective, cohort study. Prospectively-substantiated cases of childhood maltreatment, reported to the government child protection agencies between 0 and 14 years of age, were linked to CIDI DSM-IV self-report data from the 21-year follow-up...
June 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617388/-substance-abuse-a-relationship-with-childhood-traumas
#4
A A Portnova, Yu P Sivolap
Childhood maltreatment contributes to poor mental and physical health and besides, in some cases, not only in early age but also throughout the life of the individual. Adverse effects of childhood trauma, along with depression, anxiety and other mental disorders, include predisposition to substance abuse. A reduction of child abuse may decrease the prevalence of mental disorders, including addictive disorders, and improve mental health.
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609690/what-do-we-know-about-child-abuse-and-neglect-patterns-of-co-occurrence-a-systematic-review-of-profiling-studies-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#5
REVIEW
Agata Debowska, Dominic Willmott, Daniel Boduszek, Adele D Jones
Latent class (LCA) and latent profile (LPA) analysis represent methodological approaches to identify subgroups of maltreated individuals. Although research examining child abuse and neglect (CAN) profiles is still rare, the application of person-centered techniques to clarify CAN types co-occurrence has substantially increased in recent years. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to provide a summary and critical evaluation of the findings of LCA/LPA child maltreatment research to: (a) systemize the current understanding of patterns of maltreatment across populations and (b) elucidate interactive effects of CAN types on psychosocial functioning...
June 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607670/emotional-abuse-of-girls-in-swaziland-prevalence-perpetrators-risk-and-protective-factors-and-health-outcomes
#6
Franziska Meinck, Deborah Fry, Choice Ginindza, Kerri Wazny, Aldo Elizalde, Thees F Spreckelsen, M Catherine Maternowska, Michael P Dunne
BACKGROUND: Research on emotional child abuse in sub-Saharan Africa is scarce. Few studies thus far have examined prevalence, risk and protective factors for emotional child abuse or the associations between emotional abuse and girls' health. METHODS: A nationally representative two-stage, cluster-sampled, household survey of females aged 13-24 years (n = 1244) on childhood abuse victimisation was conducted. Participants completed interviewer-assisted questionnaires...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605684/child-maltreatment-as-a-function-of-cumulative-family-risk-findings-from-the-intensive-family-preservation-program
#7
Irina Patwardhan, Kristin Duppong Hurley, Ronald W Thompson, Walter A Mason, Jay L Ringle
This study examined child maltreatment as a function of cumulative family risk in a sample of at-risk families (N=837) who were referred to an intensive family preservation program because of child behavior problems or suspected child abuse and neglect. The goal of this intensive family preservation program is to improve parenting skills and reduce immediate family stressors that may lead to an increased risk of child abuse and neglect. The findings indicate that the most prominent family risks comprising the cumulative risk scale in our sample were socio-economic disadvantage (e...
June 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602473/mothers-knowledge-perception-about-child-sexual-abuse-in-jordan
#8
Fatmeh Ahmad Alzoubi, Reem Ahmad Ali, Intesar Hussein Flah, Ahlam Alnatour
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious problem causing physical, social and psychosocial harm. To understand the Jordanian mothers' efforts to prevent CSA, we assessed the mothers' general knowledge about CSA, their perceptions, knowledge about signs and symptoms of CSA and their knowledge about prevention practices of CSA in relation to their demographics. A cross- sectional descriptive design was used with a convenient sample of 488 mothers. The data was collected using a self-reported questionnaire consisting of 52 items...
June 8, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599125/the-impact-of-perceived-childhood-victimization-and-patriarchal-gender-ideology-on-intimate-partner-violence-ipv-victimization-among-korean-immigrant-women-in-the-usa
#9
Chunrye Kim
Childhood victimization experiences are common among intimate partner violence (IPV) victims. This study examines the link between childhood physical and sexual victimization experiences and adulthood IPV among Korean immigrant women in the USA. As Korean immigrants often use physical punishment to discipline their children, and reporting sexual abuse is discouraged due to stigmatization in this community, cultural factors (e.g. patriarchal values) related to childhood victimization and IPV were also examined...
June 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595465/community-and-individual-risk-factors-for-physical-child-abuse-and-child-neglect-variations-by-poverty-status
#10
Kathryn Maguire-Jack, Sarah A Font
Families are impacted by a variety of risk and protective factors for maltreatment at multiple levels of the social ecology. Individual- and neighborhood-level poverty has consistently been shown to be associated with higher risk for child abuse and neglect. The current study sought to understand the ways in which individual- and neighborhood-level risk and protective factors affect physical child abuse and child neglect and whether these factors differed for families based on their individual poverty status...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592146/drug-use-the-drug-environment-and-child-physical-abuse-and-neglect
#11
Bridget Freisthler, Jennifer Price Wolf, Wendy Wiegmann, Nancy J Kepple
Although drug use is considered a risk factor for child maltreatment, very little work has examined how the drug environment may affect physical abuse and neglect by parents. Utilizing information from a telephone survey with 2,597 respondents from 43 cities with valid police data on narcotics incidents, we analyzed the relationship between drug use, drug availability, and child maltreatment using multilevel models. City-level rates of drug abuse and dependence were related to more frequent physical abuse. Parents who use drugs in areas with greater availability of drugs reported more physical abuse and physical neglect...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591056/epidemiology-and-clinical-analysis-of-critical-patients-with-child-maltreatment-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-units
#12
En-Pei Lee, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Jing-Long Huang, Jainn-Jim Lin, Oi-Wa Chan, Chia-Ying Lin, Kuang-Lin Lin, Yu-Ching Chang, I-Jun Chou, Fu-Song Lo, Jung Lee, Yi-Chen Hsin, Pei-Chun Chan, Mei-Hua Hu, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Han-Ping Wu
Children with abuse who are admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) may have high mortality and morbidity and commonly require critical care immediately. It is important to understand the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of these critical cases of child maltreatment.We retrospectively evaluated the data for 355 children with maltreatments admitted to the ICU between 2001 and 2015. Clinical factors were analyzed and compared between the abuse and the neglect groups, including age, gender, season of admission, identifying settings, injury severity score (ISS), etiologies, length of stay (LOS) in the ICU, clinical outcomes, and mortality...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590993/childhood-falls-with-occipital-impacts
#13
Norrell Atkinson, Rick R van Rijn, Suzanne P Starling
OBJECTIVES: Falls are commonly reported in children who present with both accidental and inflicted brain injuries. Short falls rarely result in serious or life-threatening injuries. Our purpose is to describe a series of cases of short falls with occipital impact leading to subdural hemorrhage (SDH). METHODS: We present a series of 8 witnessed accounts of young children diagnosed as having SDHs after striking the back of their heads during a short fall. Child-abuse physicians were surveyed to determine if they had evaluated a child younger than 24 months diagnosed as having SDH, with or without retinal hemorrhages, following a witnessed fall with occipital impact...
June 6, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584471/child-maltreatment-cross-sectional-survey-of-general-dentists
#14
Harsimran Kaur, K S Vinod, Harpreet Singh, Lavina Arya, Prateek Verma, Baldeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Child abuse continues to be a social menace causing both physical and emotional trauma to benevolent children. Census has shown that nearly 50-75% of child abuse include trauma to mouth, face, and head. Thus, dental professionals are in a strategic position to identify physical and emotional manifestations of abuse. AIM: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess knowledge and attitude of dental professionals on the exigent issue of child abuse...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581653/early-childhood-maltreatment-and-pubertal-development-replication-in-a-population-based-sample
#15
Jane Mendle, Rebecca M Ryan, Kirsten M McKone
Early experiences are critically important for female reproductive development. Although a number of early childhood hardships predict earlier physical development in girls, research on specific populations suggests a distinct effect of childhood sexual abuse compared to other adversities. This study leverages the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N = 6,273 girls) to test the generalizability of these findings, examining associations of early physical abuse, sexual abuse, and physical neglect with pubertal timing...
September 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575259/the-association-between-childhood-abuse-and-elder-abuse-among-chinese-adult-children-in-the-united-states
#16
XinQi Dong, Ge Li, Melissa A Simon
Background: The previous researchers have postulated that an abused child may abuse his or her abuser parent when the parent is getting old, also known as the intergenerational transmission of violence. However, few studies use data to support this model, and it has yet to be examined in the U.S. Chinese community. This study aims to examine the association between childhood abuse and elder abuse reported by Chinese adult children in the United States. Methods: Guided by a community-based participatory research approach, 548 Chinese adult children aged 21 years and older participated in this study...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572859/mental-health-and-school-functioning-for-girls-in-the-child-welfare-system-the-mediating-role-of-future-orientation-and-school-engagement
#17
Jennifer M Threlfall, Wendy Auslander, Donald Gerke, Hollee McGinnis, Sarah Myers Tlapek
This study investigated the association between mental health problems and academic and behavioral school functioning for adolescent girls in the child welfare system and determined whether school engagement and future orientation meditated the relationship. Participants were 231 girls aged between 12 and 19 who had been involved with the child welfare system. Results indicated that 39% of girls reported depressive symptoms in the clinical range and 54% reported posttraumatic symptoms in the clinical range...
2017: School Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566970/parents-perceptions-about-child-abuse-and-their-impact-on-physical-and-emotional-child-abuse-a-study-from-primary-health-care-centers-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#18
Mohammed N Al Dosari, Mazen Ferwana, Imad Abdulmajeed, Khaled K Aldossari, Jamaan M Al-Zahrani
OBJECTIVE: To determine perceptions of parents about child abuse, and their impact on physical and emotional child abuse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred parents attending three primary health care centers (PHCCs) in Riyadh serving National Guard employes and their families, were requested to participate in this survey. Data was collected by self administered questionnaire. Five main risk factors areas/domains were explored; three were parent related (personal factors, history of parents' childhood abuse, and parental attitude toward punishment), and two were family/community effects and factors specific to the child...
May 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553000/psychosocial-stress-course-of-pregnancy-and-pregnancy-outcomes-in-the-context-of-the-provision-of-sexual-services
#19
Elisabeth Simoes, Johannes Gostomzyk, Sara Yvonne Brucker, Joachim Graf
Introduction There has been very little medical research into pregnancies which occur in the context of prostitution, even though the associated health risks for mother and child, e.g. violence or maternal drug abuse, are well known. The aim of this study was to compile and summarize what is known (inter-)nationally about this topic and identify key points of support as part of a uniform standard of healthcare in pregnancy. Material and Methods A selective search of the literature was done in Pubmed and Livivo/Medpilot and in the databases NIH, Cochrane, DARE, NHSEED and HTA on the factors influencing preterm delivery...
April 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551459/child-physical-abuse-high-school-students-mental-health-and-parental-relations-depending-on-who-perpetrated-the-abuse
#20
Nilsson, Nordås, Priebe, Svedin
The aim of this study was to contribute to the research of child physical abuse (CPA) by examining if there were any differences in high school students' mental health (in this study symptoms of depression and anxiety, self-esteem and sense of coherence) and/or, in how they perceive their parents, depending on whether or not they had been subjected to CPA during childhood. In addition, if high school students reported different mental health and/or, relationships with their parents, depending on if their mother, father or both parents were the perpetrators of CPA...
May 25, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
keyword
keyword
94298
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"