keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Child physical abuse

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132955/injuries-from-physical-abuse-national-survey-of-children-s-exposure-to-violence-i-iii
#1
Thomas R Simon, Anne Shattuck, Akadia Kacha-Ochana, Corinne F David-Ferdon, Sherry Hamby, Megan Henly, Melissa T Merrick, Heather A Turner, David Finkelhor
INTRODUCTION: Official data sources do not provide researchers, practitioners, and policy makers with complete information on physical injury from child abuse. This analysis provides a national estimate of the percentage of children who were injured during their most recent incident of physical abuse. METHODS: Pooled data from three cross-sectional national telephone survey samples (N=13,052 children) included in the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence completed in 2008, 2011, and 2014 were used...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131716/compassion-focused-therapy-as-an-intervention-for-adult-survivors-of-sexual-abuse
#2
Lisa McLean, Stanley R Steindl, Matthew Bambling
Child sexual abuse can have long-term negative impacts across psychological, physical, and interpersonal domains. Some of the common issues for survivors of sexual abuse include shame and self-blame, attachment-based difficulties, avoidant coping strategies, and reduced capacity for self-compassion. Compassion-focused therapy is a transdiagnostic intervention that specifically responds to these concerns. Compassion-focused therapy was originally developed for clients who experience high levels of shame and self-criticism and aims to strengthen the soothing and affiliative system through the cultivation of compassion...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130379/trauma-complexity-and-child-abuse-a-qualitative-study-of-attachment-narratives-in-adult-refugees-with-ptsd
#3
Karin Riber
The present study aimed to identify trauma types over the life course among adult refugees and to explore their accounts of childhood maltreatment. A sample of 43 Arabic-speaking refugees with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) attending a treatment context in Denmark were interviewed. Using a "Trauma Coding Manual" developed for this study, trauma types were identified in interview transcripts. In both men and women with Iraqi and Palestinian-Lebanese backgrounds, high levels of trauma complexity and high rates of childhood maltreatment were found (63%, n = 27)...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125322/associations-between-breastfeeding-and-maltreatment-in-childhood
#4
Kristen P Kremer, Theodore R Kremer
PURPOSE: Child maltreatment has serious implications for youth outcomes, yet its associations with early parenting practices are not fully understood. This study investigated whether breastfeeding practices are correlated with childhood maltreatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were utilized from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally representative and longitudinal study of adolescents. The analytic sample comprised 4,159 adolescents...
November 10, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122066/oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#5
Susan A Fisher-Owens, James L Lukefahr, Anupama Rao Tate
In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or neglect...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117877/post-traumatic-symptomatology-and-compulsions-as-potential-mediators-of-the-relation-between-child-sexual-abuse-and-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#6
Simon McCarthy-Jones
BACKGROUND: Whilst evidence is mounting that childhood sexual abuse (CSA) can be a cause of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH), it is unclear what factors mediate this relation. Recent evidence suggests that post-traumatic symptomatology may mediate the CSA-AVH relation in clinical populations, although this hypothesis has not yet been tested in the general population. There is also reason to believe that obsessive ideation could mediate the CSA-AVH relation. AIMS: To test for evidence to falsify the hypotheses that post-traumatic symptomatology, obsessions, compulsions, anxiety and depression mediate the relation between CSA and AVH in a general population sample...
November 9, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113967/clinical-characteristics-of-children-presenting-with-a-suspicion-or-allegation-of-historic-sexual-abuse
#7
Sarah Al-Jilaihawi, Kevin Borg, Katharine Jamieson, Sabine Maguire, Deborah Hodes
INTRODUCTION: Police-recorded sexual offences against children and young people (CYP) increased 85% in the UK between 2010/2011 and 2014/2015. Many children delay disclosure, but little data are available regarding characteristics of CYP presenting with historic child sexual abuse (CSA). AIM: To identify the clinical and CSA-related characteristics of CYP presenting with a suspicion or allegation of historic CSA. METHOD: Data were collected on all CYP<17 years presenting with suspected or alleged historic CSA (ie, >3 days since last sexual assault in prepubertal children, >7 days pubertal girls) between October 2009 and November 2014...
November 7, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109657/impact-of-physical-abuse-on-internalizing-behavior-across-generations
#8
Kyle Esteves, Sarah A O Gray, Katherine P Theall, Stacy S Drury
This study investigated the multigenerational impact of mothers' own exposure to physical maltreatment on internalizing symptoms in her child after accounting for her parenting practices, depression, and the child's own exposure to stressful life events. Children (n = 101, ages 5-16), predominantly African American, were recruited into this cross sectional study using ethnographic mapping and targeted sampling for high-risk neighborhoods. Mothers reported retrospectively on their own exposure to physical maltreatment in childhood, their parenting practices, as well as current depressive symptoms...
October 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102964/oral-injuries-and-occult-harm-in-children-evaluated-for-abuse
#9
Molly V Dorfman, James B Metz, Kenneth W Feldman, Reid Farris, Daniel M Lindberg
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of occult trauma in children with oral injury evaluated for physical abuse. DESIGN: This was a retrospectively planned secondary analysis of a prospective, observational study. SETTING: Emergency departments supported by 20 US child abuse teams in the Examining Siblings to Recognize Abuse (ExSTRA) network. PATIENTS: Children <120 months old evaluated for physical abuse. INTERVENTIONS: Analysis of index children with oral injury on initial examination...
November 4, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100538/prevalence-and-predictors-of-help-seeking-for-women-exposed-to-spousal-violence-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Malin Leonardsson, Miguel San Sebastian
BACKGROUND: Spousal violence against women is prevalent in India (29%). Studies from various countries have shown that few women exposed to intimate partner violence or spousal violence seek help, especially in low-income countries. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of help-seeking among women in India who have experienced various types of spousal violence. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 19,125 married, separated, divorced or widowed women in India who had experienced physical or sexual violence at the hands of their husbands were obtained from the India National Family Health Survey III 2005-2006...
November 3, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096162/violence-against-children-in-afghanistan-concerns-and-opportunities-for-positive-change
#11
Patrick O'Leary, Cate M Cameron, Ali Lakhani, Jodie M Osborne, Luana de Souza, Kristen Hope, Mohammad S Naimi, Hassan Khan, Qazi S Jawad, Sabir Majidi
Violence against children (VAC) in Afghanistan is a serious issue in the context of many decades of conflict and poverty. To date, limited studies have explored the extent of VAC in Afghanistan and the settings where VAC takes place. To understand (i) the extent of VAC, (ii) settings where VAC takes place, (iii) parental forms of VAC and (iv) regional differences, an interview administered cross-sectional survey was employed among a community sample of 145 children and 104 parents living within Kabul, Torkham, and Jalalabad...
October 30, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084341/psychiatric-nursing-s-role-in-child-abuse-prevention-recognition-and-treatment
#12
Erin Ellington
Child abuse affects hundreds of thousands of children in the United States each year. The effects from maltreatment extend beyond the physical injuries-the lasting effects on the child's mental health can be lifelong. Psychiatric nurses have a vital role to play in the prevention, recognition, and treatment of child abuse. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 55(11), 16-20.].
November 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079607/child-maltreatment-as-a-predictor-of-adult-physical-functioning-in-a-prospective-british-birth-cohort
#13
Gemma Archer, Snehal Pinto Pereira, Christine Power
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment (abuse and neglect) has established associations with mental health; however, little is known about its relationship with physical functioning. Physical functioning (ie, the ability to perform the physical tasks of daily living) in adulthood is an important outcome to consider, as it is strongly associated with an individual's ability to work, and future disability and dependency. We aimed to establish whether maltreatment was associated with physical functioning, independent of other early-life factors...
October 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074609/social-intuition-and-social-information-in-physical-child-abuse-evaluation-and-diagnosis
#14
Heather T Keenan, Lawrence J Cook, Lenora M Olson, Tyler Bardsley, Kristine A Campbell
BACKGROUND: Poor and minority children with injuries concerning for abuse are evaluated and diagnosed for abuse differentially. We hypothesized that 2 steps in the decision-making process would influence evaluation and diagnosis: social intuition from meeting the family and objective social information associated with child abuse risk. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2013, 32 child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) submitted 730 child abuse consultations including original medical evaluations and diagnoses...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040114/association-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-co-occurring-health-conditions-in-early-childhood
#15
Melissa A Bright, Lindsay A Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To understand how adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with co-occurring physical, mental and developmental problems during early childhood. METHOD: A subsample of 19,957 children aged 2-5 years were selected from the 2011-2012 National Survey for Child Health. Outcomes included 18 health conditions organized in singular condition domains (physical, mental, and developmental), and combinations of condition domains (e.g., physical plus mental, mental plus developmental, etc...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036936/barriers-and-facilitators-for-health-behavior-change-among-adults-from-multi-problem-households-a-qualitative-study
#16
Gera E Nagelhout, Lette Hogeling, Renate Spruijt, Nathalie Postma, Hein de Vries
Multi-problem households are households with problems on more than one of the following core problem areas: socio-economic problems, psycho-social problems, and problems related to child care. The aim of this study was to examine barriers and facilitators for health behavior change among adults from multi-problem households, as well as to identify ideas for a health promotion program. A qualitative study involving 25 semi-structured interviews was conducted among Dutch adults who received intensive family home care for multi-problem households...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034734/when-is-a-child-s-forensic-statement-deemed-credible-a-comparison-of-physical-and-sexual-abuse-cases
#17
Irit Hershkowitz, Eran P Melkman, Ronit Zur
A large national sample of 4,775 reports of child physical and sexual abuse made in Israel in 2014 was analyzed in order to examine whether assessments of credibility would vary according to abuse type, physical or sexual, and whether child and event characteristics contributing to the probability that reports of abuse would be determined as credible would be similar or different in child physical abuse (CPA) and child sexual abuse (CSA) cases. Results revealed that CPA reports were less likely to be viewed as credible (41...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032186/does-parental-substance-use-always-engender-risk-for-children-comparing-incidence-rate-ratios-of-abusive-and-neglectful-behaviors-across-substance-use-behavior-patterns
#18
Nancy J Kepple
Parental substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with an added risk for child abuse and neglect, but less is understood about how a range of parental use behaviors is associated with differential maltreatment frequencies. This study used the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW I) to create categories for parental substance use behaviors that are conceptually associated with varying levels of substance-related impairments. The study sample was composed of 2100 parents of children ages 2-17 years from Wave 4 data collection...
October 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021012/the-role-of-entitlement-self-control-and-risk-behaviors-on-dating-violence-perpetration
#19
Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz, Colleen M Ray, Leslie Gordon Simons
Dating violence continues to be pervasive among college students (Stappenbeck & Fromme, 2010). Given the paucity ofresearch investigating the various pathways through which risk factors are linked to dating violence among different college campuses, we use multiple group path analysis to examine the role of child abuse, self-control, entitlement, and risky behaviors on dating violence perpetration among college students from one Southeastern and one Midwestern university. There were 1,482 college students (51% female) enrolled in undergraduate courses at 2 large public universities who completed paper and pencil surveys...
October 11, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019723/accidental-hanging-injuries-in-children-recognition-and-management
#20
Siba P Paul, Ruby Paul, Paul A Heaton
Accidental hanging is rare in childhood but is often fatal. Window blind cords pose a particular and unique risk to young children in the UK, accounting for one to two deaths annually. These accidents are frequently associated with non-adherence to the safety instructions provided by the manufacturers. Early discovery of the child and initiation of effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation at the site of the incident are likely to improve the outcome. Prolonged suspension, children who are pulseless at first contact by the emergency paramedic responder, and patients with prolonged periods of remaining in asystole before return of spontaneous circulation after starting cardiopulmonary resuscitation are unlikely to have intact neurological survival...
October 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
keyword
keyword
94298
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"