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Child physical abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544045/are-there-sensitive-periods-when-child-maltreatment-substantially-elevates-suicide-risk-results-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-adolescents
#1
Stephanie H Gomez, Jenny Tse, Yan Wang, Brianna Turner, Alexander J Millner, Matthew K Nock, Erin C Dunn
BACKGROUND: Although child maltreatment is a well documented risk factor for suicidal behavior, little is known about whether the timing of child maltreatment differentially associates with risk of suicidal ideation, suicide plans, or suicide attempts. The goal of this study was to examine whether a first exposure to physical or sexual abuse during specific developmental periods significantly elevated risk for suicidal behavior in adolescents. METHODS: Data came from the National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement, a population-based sample of US adolescents aged 13-18 years old (n = 9,272)...
May 23, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542285/educating-early-childhood-care-and-education-providers-to-improve-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-reporting-child-maltreatment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ben Mathews, Chengwu Yang, Erik B Lehman, Claudia Mincemoyer, Nicole Verdiglione, Benjamin H Levi
Early childhood care and education providers (CCPs) work with over 7 million young children. These children are vulnerable to physical, sexual and emotional abuse, and neglect. However, CCPs make less than 1% of all reports of suspected child abuse and neglect that are made to child protective services. CCPs are therefore an untapped resource in the public health response to child maltreatment. However, their knowledge and attitudes about duties to report child maltreatment are poorly understood. Moreover, no rigorous research has tested whether their knowledge and attitudes about reporting child maltreatment can be improved...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537851/family-characteristics-and-structure-as-determinants-of-sexual-abuse-among-female-secondary-school-students-in-nigeria-a-brief-report
#3
Chigozirim Nlewem, Olukemi K Amodu
Child sexual abuse is associated with factors that enhance the vulnerability of the child, raising physical and mental health complications in adulthood. Three hundred and fifty students participated in this cross-sectional study. Important determinants of sexual abuse were parents not living together, not living with parents, family type, and current parents' marital status (p < 0.05). Respondents living with both parents were two times less likely to experience sexual abuse (OR = 0.5, CI: 0.3, 0.9) than respondents living with their guardians...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535755/the-relationships-between-harsh-physical-punishment-and-child-maltreatment-in-childhood-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-adulthood
#4
Tracie O Afifi, Natalie Mota, Jitender Sareen, Harriet L MacMillan
BACKGROUND: Physical punishment of children is an important public health concern. Yet, few studies have examined how physical punishment is related to other types of child maltreatment and violence across the lifespan. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to examine if harsh physical punishment (i.e., being pushed, grabbed, shoved, hit, and/or slapped without causing marks, bruises, or injury) is associated with an increased likelihood of more severe childhood maltreatment (i...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532982/maternal-and-paternal-physical-abuse-unique-and-joint-associations-with-child-behavioral-problems
#5
Naixue Cui, Janet A Deatrick, Jianghong Liu
Although there is a substantial amount of literature documenting the relationship between child abuse and behavioral problems in China, there is, on the other hand, a limited number of studies on the joint and unique associations of maternal and paternal physical abuse with child behaviors within the Chinese context. The present study, using the family systems theory as the theoretical framework, aims to examine these joint and the unique associations of maternal and paternal physical abuse with externalizing and internalizing behaviors among a community sample of Chinese children...
May 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509622/attachment-insecurity-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-adult-dissociation
#6
Seong Sook Kong, Dae Ryong Kang, Min Jung Oh, Nam Hee Kim
This study aimed to investigate whether attachment insecurity mediates the relationship between childhood trauma and adult dissociation, specifically in regards to individual forms of childhood maltreatment. Psychiatric outpatients who visited a specialized trauma clinic (n = 115) participated in the study. Data were collected via the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Revised Adult Attachment Scale, and Dissociative Experience Scale. Structural equation modeling and path analysis were performed to analyze the mediating effects of attachment insecurity on the relationship between childhood trauma and adult dissociation...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503060/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-parent-child-interaction-therapy-with-victims-of-domestic-violence-a-pilot-study
#7
Amy D Herschell, Ashley B Scudder, Kristen F Schaffner, Leslie A Slagel
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an evidence-based treatment for young children (aged 2.5 to 7 years) with externalizing behavior problems. Since its development, PCIT has been applied to a wide array of childhood problems and has a significant evidence base for families with histories of child physical abuse. The current study extended the existing literature by testing the effectiveness and feasibility of PCIT in an urban domestic violence shelter with community-based clinicians delivering the treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500923/history-injury-and-psychosocial-risk-factor-commonalities-among-cases-of-fatal-and-near-fatal-physical-child-abuse
#8
Mary Clyde Pierce, Kim Kaczor, Deborah Acker, Tina Webb, Allen Brenzel, Douglas J Lorenz, Audrey Young, Richard Thompson
Failure to recognize child maltreatment results in chronic exposure to high-risk environments where re-injury or death may occur. We analyzed a series (n=20) of fatal (n=10) and near-fatal (n=10) physical child abuse cases from the Commonwealth of Kentucky to identify commonalities and determine whether indicators of maltreatment were present prior to the child's fatal or near-fatal event. We conducted retrospective state record reviews involving children <4years of age classified as physical child abuse by the Cabinet for Health and Family Services during a 12 month period...
May 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499409/in-your-face-the-biased-judgement-of-fear-anger-expressions-in-violent-offenders
#9
Martin Wegrzyn, Sina Westphal, Johanna Kissler
BACKGROUND: Why is it that certain violent criminals repeatedly find themselves engaged in brawls? Many inmates report having felt provoked or threatened by their victims, which might be due to a tendency to ascribe malicious intentions when faced with ambiguous social signals, termed hostile attribution bias. METHODS: The present study presented morphed fear-anger faces to prison inmates with a history of violent crimes, a history of child sexual abuse, and to matched controls form the general population...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498730/exploring-the-association-of-maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-maternal-health-and-child-behavior-following-intimate-partner-violence
#10
Nina Fredland, Judith McFarlane, Lene Symes, John Maddoux
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been empirically linked to a host of negative health outcomes, both physical and psychosocial. Exposures to ACEs make individuals more susceptible to conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancers, and depression. Many of these conditions do not appear until sometime in adolescence or adulthood and have been linked to premature death. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the association between the number and type of exposure to ACEs in women (mothers) who experienced intimate partner violence and health outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485492/physical-abuse-of-elderly-adults-victim-characteristics-and-determinants-of-revictimization
#11
Lee S Friedman, Susan Avila, Tazeen Rizvi, Renee Partida, Daniel Friedman
OBJECTIVES: To describe victim characteristics and determinants of recurrent physical abuse of elderly. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective analysis of multiple data systems to study victims of elder mistreatment in the greater Chicago metropolitan area. SETTING: Five teaching hospitals with Level 1 trauma centers. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 and older treated for physical and sexual abuse between 2000 and 2011. MEASUREMENTS: History of revictimization was based on hospital admission histories, Adult Protective Services records, and self-report...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481563/mother-child-interactions-at-six-months-postpartum-are-not-predicted-by-maternal-histories-of-abuse-and-neglect-or-maltreatment-type
#12
Minden B Sexton, Margaret T Davis, Rena Menke, Greer A Raggio, Maria Muzik
OBJECTIVE: A history of childhood maltreatment (CM) is associated with increased rates of maternal psychiatric symptoms and other adverse outcomes in adulthood among postpartum women. However, to date only a few studies have examined associations between CM and mother-child interactions among a nonclinical sample of postpartum women, and the specific potential influence of the type of abuse or neglect is poorly understood. This study was an aim to examine the relationships between CM types and observed parenting in a nonclinical group of recently postpartum mothers with maltreatment histories...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479669/understanding-the-roles-of-context-frequency-and-quantity-of-alcohol-consumption-in-child-physical-abuse-risks-for-mothers-and-fathers
#13
Jennifer Price Wolf, Bridget Freisthler
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol use is related to child physical abuse, although little is known about gender-specific risks factors. This study examines the relationships between alcohol outlets, context-specific drinking, dose-response drinking and child physical abuse for mothers and fathers. METHOD: Telephone interviews were conducted with 1,973 female and 1,050 male respondents in 50 California cities. Weighted negative binomial models were used to calculate the frequency of physical abuse in the past year...
July 2016: Journal of Family Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477105/erratum-to-parenting-programs-for-the-prevention-of-child-physical-abuse-recurrence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Kristina Vlahovicova, G J Melendez-Torres, Patty Leijten, Wendy Knerr, Frances Gardner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475902/longitudinal-associations-of-experiences-of-adversity-and-socioeconomic-disadvantage-during-childhood-with-labour-force-participation-and-exit-in-later-adulthood
#15
A E Fahy, S A Stansfeld, M Smuk, D Lain, M van der Horst, S Vickerstaff, C Clark
The Extending Working Lives (EWL) agenda seeks to sustain employment up to and beyond traditional retirement ages. This study examined the potential role of childhood factors in shaping labour force participation and exit among older adults, with a view to informing proactive interventions early in the life-course to enhance individuals' future capacity for extending their working lives. Childhood adversity and socioeconomic disadvantage have previously been linked to ill-health across the life-span and sickness benefit in early adulthood...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473090/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-suspected-physical-abuse-child
#16
Sandra L Wootton-Gorges, Bruno P Soares, Adina L Alazraki, Sudha A Anupindi, Jeffrey P Blount, Timothy N Booth, Molly E Dempsey, Richard A Falcone, Laura L Hayes, Abhaya V Kulkarni, Sonia Partap, Cynthia K Rigsby, Maura E Ryan, Nabile M Safdar, Andrew T Trout, Roger F Widmann, Boaz K Karmazyn, Susan Palasis
The youngest children, particularly in the first year of life, are the most vulnerable to physical abuse. Skeletal survey is the universal screening examination in children 24 months of age and younger. Fractures occur in over half of abused children. Rib fractures may be the only abnormality in about 30%. A repeat limited skeletal survey after 2 weeks can detect additional fractures and can provide fracture dating information. The type and extent of additional imaging for pediatric patients being evaluated for suspected physical abuse depends on the age of the child, the presence of neurologic signs and symptoms, evidence of thoracic or abdominopelvic injuries, and social considerations...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471339/child-and-adolescent-sexual-abuse-in-women-seeking-help-for-sexual-and-reproductive-mental-health-problems-prevalence-characteristics-and-disclosure
#17
Sílvia López, Concepció Faro, Lourdes Lopetegui, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera, Mònica Monteagudo, Àngels Avecilla-Palau, Cristina Martínez, Jesús Cobo, María-Isabel Fernández
This is a multicentric, descriptive, cross-sectional study of child and adolescent sexual abuse in women over 18 years in 24 primary care sexual and reproductive health centers in Catalonia. A total of 1,013 women were recruited; 345 (37.6%, 95% CI: 34.6-40.9) reported exposure to child sexual abuse: 32.4% disclosed being touched in a sexual way, and 9.6% reported completed sexual intercourse. Abuse occured before the age of 13 in 63.4% of respondents. The perpetrator was a relative or an acquaintance in almost 80% of cases...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467103/pathways-linking-childhood-maltreatment-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-behaviors-the-role-of-attachment-security
#18
Marie-Eve Thibodeau, Francine Lavoie, Martine Hébert, Martin Blais
Previous research has shown an association between child maltreatment (sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect, or witnessing interparental violence) and adolescent sexual risk behaviors (SRBs). The mechanisms explaining this association are not well understood, but attachment theory could provide further insight into them. This study examined the relationships between child maltreatment and SRBs and investigated anxious and avoidant attachment as mediators. The sample comprised 1,900 sexually active adolescents (13 to 17 years old; 60...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461713/the-great-recession-and-risk-for-child-abuse-and-neglect
#19
William Schneider, Jane Waldfogel, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
This paper examines the association between the Great Recession and four measures of the risk for maternal child abuse and neglect: (1) maternal physical aggression; (2) maternal psychological aggression; (3) physical neglect by mothers; and (4) supervisory/exposure neglect by mothers. It draws on rich longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a longitudinal birth cohort study of families in 20 U.S. cities (N = 3,177; 50% African American, 25% Hispanic; 22% non-Hispanic white; 3% other)...
January 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460367/a-retrospective-study-with-icast-r-ispcan-child-abuse-screening-tools-retrospective-questionnaire-for-determination-of-child-abuse-in-first-year-medical-students-in-turkish-population
#20
Erdem Simsek, Sevay Alsen Guney, Serpil Ugur Baysal
Child Abuse and Neglect (CAN) is an important problem both in Turkey and worldwide. Unfortunately, we still don't have enough and reliable data on this important subject. In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of childhood maltreatment in a population of first year medical students in a Turkish university using the retrospective version of the ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool (ICAST-R). One hundred seventy three first year medical students, aged between 18 and 24 years, who agreed to complete the ICAST-R questionnaire, were recruited in our study...
April 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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