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Jing Wang, Bing Wang, Ling-Qiang Chen, Jin Yang, Zhi-Qiang Gong, Xue-Ling Zhao, Chun-Qiang Zhang, Kai-Li Du
OBJECTIVE: Osteosarcoma is a common malignancy with high rate of metastasis. miR-10b has been reported to be expressed in many types of tumors abnormally and be associated with cancer carcinogenesis and progression. But the function of miR-10b in osteosarcoma is still unknown. So this study was aimed to investigate the role of miR-10b in osteosarcoma development. METHODS: miR-10b expression in osteosarcoma tissues and osteosarcoma cells were detected using real time PCR...
October 17, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Eugenio Zoni, Gabri van der Pluijm
The skeleton represents a common site of metastases for osteotropic cancers such as prostate and breast tumors and novel therapeutic targets and new markers for the monitoring of bone lesions are urgently needed. The formation of bone metastases is a complex process that starts at the level of the confined tumor and that is characterized by a dynamic crosstalk between the primary cancer and the future metastatic site, the bone. Factors released by the primary tumor contribute to prepare a fertile "soil", where a "pre-metastatic niche" is established prior to future colonization by cancer cells...
September 2016: Journal of Bone Oncology
Jianjun Wang, Yang Jiao, Lunmeng Cui, Lili Jiang
The present study was designed to investigate the role of miR-30 in the development of Gastric cancer (GC). miR-30 expression was increased in GC tissues and cell lines. Downregulation of miR-30 inhibited cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis in HGC-27 cells. Upregulation of miR-30 enhanced the proliferation and inhibited apoptosis. P53 expression was decreased in GC tissues. P53 expression was correlated with miR-30 expression. Downregulation of miR-30 increased P53 expression. Knockdown of P53 inhibited miR-30-inhibitor-induced suppression of cell proliferation and increase of apoptosis...
October 12, 2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Jar-Yi Ho, Ren-Jun Hsu, Jui-Ming Liu, Szu-Chi Chen, Guo-Shiou Liao, Hong-Wei Gao, Cheng-Ping Yu
Aberrant activation of the Ras/ERK pathway mediates breast cancer initiation and aggressiveness. Therefore, it is important to identify miRNAs that modulate the Ras/ERK pathway during breast carcinogenesis and progression. The Ras GTPase superfamily member RERG (Ras-related and estrogen-regulated growth inhibitor) acts as a tumor suppressor to reduce breast cancer cell proliferation and tumor formation and has been suggested to have a regulatory role in the Ras/ERK pathway. In this study, we found that RERG exerted its tumor suppressor role by attenuating the activation of Ras/ERK signaling effectors...
September 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Yin-Hsun Feng, Chao-Jung Tsao
MicroRNAs (miRs) are a class of single-stranded RNA molecules of 15-27 nucleotides in length that regulate gene expression at the post-translational level. miR-21 is one of the earliest identified cancer-promoting 'oncomiRs', targeting numerous tumor suppressor genes associated with proliferation, apoptosis and invasion. The regulation of miR-21 and its role in carcinogenesis have been extensively investigated. Recent studies have focused on the diagnostic and prognostic value of miR-21 as well as its implication in the drug resistance of human malignancies...
October 2016: Biomedical Reports
Eryong Lu, Jili Su, Wei Zeng, Chao Zhang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in gene regulation during laryngocarcinoma. MiR-9 is a potential oncomiR, but its function in laryngocarcinoma is not known. The aim of this study is to investigate the roles of miR-9 in laryngocarcinoma. We found miR-9 expression was higher in laryngocarcinoma tissues compared with their normal controls, so did the laryngocarcinoma cells. Cellular function of miR-9 indicated that miR-9 restoration in laryngocarcinoma cells could promote cell proliferation and metastasis...
September 29, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Michal Wozniak, Aleksandra Mielczarek, Malgorzata Czyz
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which are small non-coding RNA molecules that post-transcriptionally regulate the expression of target genes, control the vast majority of cellular events, including proliferation, differentiation, survival, senescence, autophagy, metabolism and genome stability. Even slight alterations in miRNA expression levels may induce the development of pathological states, including cancer. Several studies have already demonstrated the importance of miRNAs in the regulation of melanocytes. Upregulation of oncogenic miRNAs (oncomiRs), mainly by amplification and translocation of miRNA genes, and downregulation of oncosuppressor miRNAs (anti-oncomiRs) by deletion and other mutations, promoter methylation and abnormal processing contributes to melanoma initiation and progression...
August 31, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Jian Wang, Hai Li, Yong Wang, Libin Wang, Xiurui Yan, Dong Zhang, Xiaoqiang Ma, Yong Du, Xiaoming Liu, Yinxue Yang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common prevalent cancer types worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) have been demonstrated to play crucial roles in the development, metastasis and drug resistance of CRC. In the present study, a strikingly elevated expression of miR-552 was determined in CRC tumor tissues and cells by a miRNA profiling analysis. Importantly, the gene of A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease (ADAM) family member 28 (ADAM28) was identified as a target of miR-552, which was further validated in terms of genetic dual luciferase report assay...
September 21, 2016: Oncotarget
Yanqing Liu, Uzair-Ur-Rehman, Yu Guo, Hongwei Liang, Rongjie Cheng, Fei Yang, Yeting Hong, Chihao Zhao, Minghui Liu, Mengchao Yu, Xinyan Zhou, Kai Yin, Jiangning Chen, Junfeng Zhang, Chen-Yu Zhang, Feng Zhi, Xi Chen
Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is a RNA-binding protein that acts as a tumor suppressor in many cancer types, including colorectal cancer (CRC). During CRC carcinogenesis, PDCD4 protein levels remarkably decrease, but the underlying molecular mechanism for decreased PDCD4 expression is not fully understood. In this study, we performed bioinformatics analysis to identify miRNAs that potentially target PDCD4. We demonstrated miR-181b as a direct regulator of PDCD4. We further showed that activation of IL6/STAT3 signaling pathway increased miR-181b expression and consequently resulted in downregulation of PDCD4 in CRC cells...
October 2016: Protein & Cell
L Ma
Noncoding RNAs are important regulatory molecules of cellular processes. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that bind to complementary sequences in the 3' untranslated region of target mRNAs, leading to degradation of the target mRNAs and/or inhibition of their translation. Some miRNAs are essential for normal animal development; however, many other miRNAs are dispensable for development but play a critical role in pathological conditions, including tumorigenesis and metastasis. miRNA genes often reside at fragile chromosome sites and are deregulated in cancer...
2016: Advances in Cancer Research
Siti A Sulaiman, Nurul-Syakima Ab Mutalib, Rahman Jamal
Among the gynecological malignancies, ovarian cancer is the most fatal due to its high mortality rate. Most of the identified cases are epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) with five distinct subtypes: high-grade serous carcinoma, low-grade serous carcinoma, mucinous carcinoma, endometrioid carcinoma, and clear-cell carcinoma. Lack of an early diagnostic approach, high incidence of tumor relapse and the heterogenous characteristics between each EOC subtypes contribute to the difficulties in developing precise intervention and therapy for the patients...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Benjamin Goeppert, Christina Ernst, Constance Baer, Stephanie Roessler, Marcus Renner, Arianeb Mehrabi, Mohammadreza Hafezi, Anita Pathil, Arne Warth, Albrecht Stenzinger, Wilko Weichert, Marion Bähr, Rainer Will, Peter Schirmacher, Christoph Plass, Dieter Weichenhan
Cholangiocarcinoma (CC) is a rare malignancy of the extrahepatic or intrahepatic biliary tract with an outstanding poor prognosis. Non-surgical therapeutic regimens result in minimally improved survival of CC patients. Global genomic analyses identified a few recurrently mutated genes, some of them in genes involved in epigenetic patterning. In a previous study, we demonstrated global DNA methylation changes in CC, indicating major contribution of epigenetic alterations to cholangiocarcinogenesis. Here, we aimed at the identification and characterization of CC-related, differentially methylated regions (DMRs) in potential microRNA promoters and of genes targeted by identified microRNAs...
September 3, 2016: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Hanna Dellago, Madhusudhan Reddy Bobbili, Johannes Grillari
The miR-17-92 cluster, led by its most prominent member, miR-17-5p, has been identified as the first miRNA with oncogenic potential. Thus, the whole cluster containing miR-17-5p has been termed oncomiR-1. It is strongly expressed in embryonic stem cells and has essential roles in vital processes like cell cycle regulation, proliferation and apoptosis. The importance of miR-17-5p for fundamental biological processes is underscored by the fact that a miR17-deficient mouse is neonatally lethal. Recently, miR-17-5p was identified in the context of aging, since it is comprised in a common signature of miRNAs that is downregulated in several models of aging research...
August 31, 2016: Gerontology
Chaoxia Zou, Chendan Zou, Wanpeng Cheng, Qiang Li, Zhongjing Han, Xiaona Wang, Jianfeng Jin, Jiaqi Zou, Zhiyan Liu, Zhongqiu Zhou, Weiming Zhao, Zhimin Du
Heme metabolism system is involved in microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis. The complicated interplay between heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and miRNA has been observed in various tissues and diseases, including human malignancy. In the present study, our data showed that stable HO-1 overexpression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells downregulated several oncomiRs. The most stably downregulated are miR-30d and miR-107. Iron, one of HO-1 catalytic products, was an important mediator in this regulation. Cell function analysis demonstrated that HO-1 inhibited the proliferation and metastasis of HepG2 cells, whereas miR-30d/miR-107 improved the proliferative and migratory ability of HepG2 cells...
August 30, 2016: Oncology Reports
Jongchan Kim, Ashley N Siverly, Dahu Chen, Min Wang, Yuan Yuan, Yumeng Wang, Hyemin Lee, Jinsong Zhang, William J Muller, Han Liang, Boyi Gan, Xianbin Yang, Yutong Sun, M James You, Li Ma
The invasive and metastatic properties of many human tumors have been associated with upregulation of the microRNA miR-10b, but its functional contributions in this setting have not been fully unraveled. Here we report the generation of miR-10b-deficient mice in which miR-10b is shown to be largely dispensable for normal development but critical to tumorigenesis. Loss of miR-10b delays oncogene-induced mammary tumorigenesis and suppresses epithelial-mesenchymal transition, intravasation, and metastasis in a mouse model of metastatic breast cancer...
August 28, 2016: Cancer Research
Sadaf Farsinejad, Mahdi Rahaie, Ali Mohammad Alizadeh, Mohammad Mir-Derikvand, Zohre Gheisary, Hassan Nosrati, Solmaz Khalighfard
The expression of microRNAs (miRNAs), as novel biomarkers, is subject to change in many cancers. Therefore, the overall profile of miRNAs can be used for detection of cancer type, response to therapies, pathological variables, and other factors related to the disease. In this study, to evaluate miRNA expression associated with the tumor progression and response to treatment, 60 BALB/c mice received subcutaneous injections of 4T1 cells. The study includes ten groups: one group as control, six groups were euthanized at different time points to assess the role of miRNA expression in the tumor progression, and three groups received chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery to evaluate miRNA expression in response to treatment...
August 26, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Yanhu Li, Chunhong Di, Wen Li, Weibin Cai, Xiaohua Tan, Liangwen Xu, Lei Yang, Guoqiang Lou, Yutao Yan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Jeyarama S Ananta, Ramasamy Paulmurugan, Tarik F Massoud
Glioblastoma remains an aggressive brain malignancy with poor prognosis despite advances in multimodal therapy that include standard use of Temozolomide. MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) and microRNA-10b (miR-10b) are oncomiRs overexpressed in glioblastoma, promoting many aspects of cancer biology. We hypothesized that PLGA nanoparticles carrying antisense miR-21 (antimiR-21) and antisense miR-10b (antimiR-10b) might beneficially knockdown endogenous miR-21 and miR-10b function and reprogram cells prior to Temozolomide treatment...
September 6, 2016: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Yan Cheng, Guixian Xiang, Yanbo Meng, Runzhi Dong
MicroRNAs are often aberrantly expressed in breast cancer and postulated to play a causal role in the onset and maintenance of breast cancer by binding to its target mRNA. Here, we evaluated the effects of miRNA-183-5p on cell proliferation and apoptosis which attempted to elucidate the potential role of miR-183-5p/PDCD4 axis in human breast cancer. We found that the miR-183-5p expression level was extremely promoted in breast cancer in comparison with the adjacent normal tissues. Overexpression of miR-183-5p significantly enhanced the cell proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells...
September 2016: Reproductive Biology
Amir Abbas Momtazi, Fahimeh Shahabipour, Sepideh Khatibi, Thomas P Johnston, Matteo Pirro, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Curcumin is a natural dietary polyphenol for which anti-tumor effects have been documented. Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of curcumin, along with its immunomodulatory, proapoptotic, and antiangiogenic properties, are often referred to as the main mechanisms underlying the anti-tumor effects. At the molecular level, inhibition of NF-kB, Akt/PI3K, and MAPK pathways and enhancement of p53 are among the most important anticancer alterations induced by curcumin. Recent evidence has suggested that epigenetic alterations are also involved in the anti-tumor properties of curcumin...
July 23, 2016: Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology
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