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Resident wellness

Noortje Kloos, Hester R Trompetter, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Gerben J Westerhof
Background and Objectives: As proposed by the self-determination theory, satisfying nursing home residents' needs for autonomy, relatedness, and competence may improve their well-being. This is the first study to test the longitudinal relations of the satisfaction of these three basic psychological needs to the subjective well-being of nursing home residents and to determine whether a balance among the satisfaction of the three needs is important for well-being. Research Design and Methods: Participants in this longitudinal survey study included 128 physically frail residents (mean age 85 years) at four Dutch nursing homes...
February 24, 2018: Gerontologist
Marc Beltempo, Karin Clement, Guy Lacroix, Sylvie Bélanger, Anne-Sophie Julien, Bruno Piedboeuf
OBJECTIVE:  This article assesses the effect of reducing consecutive hours worked by residents from 24 to 16 hours on yearly total hours worked per resident in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and evaluates the association of resident duty hour reform, level of trainee, and the number of residents present at admission with mortality in the NICU. STUDY DESIGN:  This is a 6-year retrospective cohort study including all pediatric residents working in a Level 3 NICU ( N  = 185) and infants admitted to the NICU ( N  = 8,159)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Patrick Drake, Anne K Driscoll, T J Mathews
Maternal tobacco use during pregnancy has been linked to a host of negative infant and child outcomes, including low birthweight, preterm birth, and various birth defects (1-5). The 2003 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth included new and modified items on maternal cigarette smoking before and during pregnancy. The 2016 natality data file is the first for which this information is available for all states and the District of Columbia (D.C.). This report presents the prevalence of cigarette smoking at any time during pregnancy among women who gave birth in 2016 in the United States by state of residence as well as maternal race and Hispanic origin, age, and educational attainment...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
Aydan Akyüz Özdemir, Cihat Burak Sayın, Rengin Erdal, Cihangir Özcan, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: End-stage renal disease is a disease with a long duration, requiring patients to live with the limitations imposed by their condition. Stressors associated with this disease are demanding, with patients dependent on support from their social environment. Here, we aimed to show the influences of familial, social, economic, and marital status on quality of life in patients with end-stage renal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients (190 women/188 men) who were under hemodialysis treatment and on transplant wait lists were included in the study...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Sebastian B Mueller, Ulrich Kueppers, Matthew S Huber, Kai-Uwe Hess, Gisela Poesges, Bernhard Ruthensteiner, Donald B Dingwell
Aggregation is a common process occurring in many diverse particulate gas mixtures (e.g. those derived from explosive volcanic eruptions, meteorite impact events, and fluid bed processing). It results from the collision and sticking of particles suspended in turbulent gas/air. To date, there is no generalized model of the underlying physical processes. Here, we investigate aggregates from 18 natural deposits (16 volcanic deposits and two meteorite impact deposits) as well as aggregates produced experimentally via fluidized bed techniques...
2018: Bulletin of Volcanology
Maria Wassermann, Kaori Fujishiro, Annekatrin Hoppe
Overqualification is a form of person-job misfit that is common among those who reside in a foreign country. It is associated with poor work-related well-being and can inhibit full adjustment to the host society. The goal of our study is to examine the impact of perceived overqualification on job satisfaction and career satisfaction among immigrants. Furthermore, we investigated immigrants' host national identity as a moderator of the impact of perceived overqualification on job satisfaction and career satisfaction...
November 2017: International Journal of Intercultural Relations: IJIR
Kevin M Fitzpatrick, Xuan Shi, Don Willis, Jill Niemeier
OBJECTIVES: Extant research clearly points to a correlation between place and health, specifically as it pertains to chronic diseases like obesity. The present study examines this relationship among a diverse set of compositional place indicators and obesity rates across census tracts in the 500 largest cities in the United States. METHODS: Using data compiled from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation 500 Cities project and the Census' American Community Survey, the analyses examined aggregate relationships between sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and housing characteristics of census tracts and crude prevalence obesity rates in over 27,000 census tracts located in the 500 largest cities in the United States...
March 8, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Napoleon N Ekem, Lucky O Lawani, Robinson C Onoh, Chukwuemeka A Iyoke, Leonard O Ajah, Emeka O Onwe, Azubuike K Onyebuchi, Love C Okafor
Preconception care (PCC) is a preventive strategy for maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to assess the level of awareness and utilisation of PCC services. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted at a teaching hospital. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were used to extract information. A total of 450 participants responded; 44.2% (190/450) were aware, 31.7% (143/450) had good knowledge, while only 10.3% (46/450) received PCC. Health care providers were the main source of information (77...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Javier García-Pérez, Virginia Lope, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Antonio José Molina, Adonina Tardón, María Angustias Díaz Santos, Eva Ardanaz, Cristina O'Callaghan-Gordo, Jone M Altzibar, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Víctor Moreno, Rosana Peiró, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Manolis Kogevinas, Nuria Aragonés, Gonzalo López-Abente, Marina Pollán
Breast cancer is the most frequent tumor in women worldwide, although well-established risk factors account for 53%-55% of cases. Therefore, other risk factors, including environmental exposures, may explain the remaining variation. Our objective was to assess the relationship between risk of breast cancer and residential proximity to industries, according to categories of industrial groups and specific pollutants released, in the context of a population-based multicase-control study of incident cancer carried out in Spain (MCC-Spain)...
March 7, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Kathrin Boerner, Jason Rodriquez, Emma Quach, Meghan Hendricksen
This study examined how the Medical Order for Life-sustaining Treatment (MOLST) is implemented in two nursing homes in Massachusetts; one had primarily long-term care residents and high hospice utilization, the other had low hospice utilization and a high proportion of post-acute care residents. Qualitative in-person interviews with 21 staff members who had a role implementing the MOLST explored their experiences using the form in their daily work routines. Staff at both nursing homes described benefits of the MOLST such as providing guidance for staff and family...
March 6, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
Warren Pan, Jessica M Adams, Margaret B Allison, Christa Patterson, Jonathan N Flak, Justin Jones, Garth Strohbehn, James Trevaskis, Christopher J Rhodes, David P Olson, Martin G Myers
The adipocyte-derived hormone, leptin, acts via its receptor (LepRb) on central nervous system neurons to communicate the repletion of long-term energy stores, to decrease food intake and promote energy expenditure. We generated mice that express cre recombinase from the calcitonin receptor (Calcr) locus (Calcrcre mice) to study Calcr-expressing LepRb (LepRbCalcr) neurons, which reside predominantly in the arcuate nucleus (ARC). Calcrcre-mediated ablation of LepRb in LepRbCalcrKO mice caused hyperphagic obesity...
March 7, 2018: Endocrinology
Dagmar Schaffler-Schaden, Stefan Pitzer, Magdalena Schreier, Johanna Dellinger, Beate Brandauer-Stickler, Miriam Lainer, Maria Flamm, Jürgen Osterbrink
Polypharmacy in elderly people is an increasing challenge for health professionals. Drug-Drug interactions, dosing or administration errors can cause preventable incidents and hospitalizations. Due to chronic illness and multi-morbidity, older people are considered as a particularly vulnerable group of patients. Furthermore, it is well known that communication between health professionals is often insufficient. The aim of this study is to improve the appropriateness of medication of nursing home residents by establishing a long-term structured medication review process and to enhance the interprofessional communication between general practitioners (GPs), nurses and pharmacists...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Chee Wei Yew, Mohd Zahirul Hoque, Jacqueline Pugh-Kitingan, Alexander Minsong, Christopher Lok Yung Voo, Julian Ransangan, Sophia Tiek Ying Lau, Xu Wang, Woei Yuh Saw, Rick Twee-Hee Ong, Yik-Ying Teo, Shuhua Xu, Boon-Peng Hoh, Maude E Phipps, S Vijay Kumar
The region of northern Borneo is home to the current state of Sabah, Malaysia. It is located closest to the southern Philippine islands and may have served as a viaduct for ancient human migration onto or off of Borneo Island. In this study, five indigenous ethnic groups from Sabah were subjected to genome-wide SNP genotyping. These individuals represent the "North Borneo"-speaking group of the great Austronesian family. They have traditionally resided in the inland region of Sabah. The dataset was merged with public datasets, and the genetic relatedness of these groups to neighboring populations from the islands of Southeast Asia, mainland Southeast Asia and southern China was inferred...
March 9, 2018: Annals of Human Genetics
Katarzyna Klysik, Aneta Pietraszek, Anna Karewicz, Maria Nowakowska
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex (HSV) viruses are widely spread, highly contagious human pathogens. The statistics indicate that 50-90% of adults worldwide are seropositive for these viruses, mainly HSV-1 and HSV-2. The primary infection results in the appearance of watery blisters (cold sores) on the skin, lips, tongue, buccal mucosa or genitals. The ocular infection is the major cause of corneal blindness in the Western World. Once the HSV virus enters human body it cannot be completely eradicated because HSV viruses are able to change into their latent form which can survive the treatment...
March 8, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Todd M Jensen
Stepfamilies are an increasingly common family form, many of which are headed by a resident mother and stepfather. Stepfather-child relationships exert notable influence on stepfamily stability and individual well-being. Although various stepfather roles have been observed, more research is warranted by which stepfather-child interactions are explored holistically and across a variety of life domains (e.g., recreational, personal, academic, and disciplinary). Thus, the primary purpose of the current study is to explore varying interactional patterns between youth and their stepfathers...
March 9, 2018: Family Process
Liv Eidsmo, Elisa Martini
Psoriasis is a common skin disease that presents with well-demarcated patches of inflammation. Recurrent disease in fixed areas of the skin indicates a localized disease memory that is preserved in resolved lesions. In line with such concept, the involvement of tissue-resident immune cells in psoriasis pathology is increasingly appreciated. Langerhans cells (LCs) are perfectly placed to steer resident T cells and local tissue responses in psoriasis. Here, we present an overview of the current knowledge of LCs in human psoriasis, including findings that highlight pro-inflammatory features of LCs in psoriasis lesions...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Julia Klier, Olaf Dellwig, Thomas Leipe, Klaus Jürgens, Daniel P R Herlemann
Salinity has a strong impact on bacterial community composition such that freshwater bacterial communities are very different from those in seawater. By contrast, little is known about the composition and diversity of the bacterial community in the sediments (bacteriobenthos) at the freshwater-seawater transition (mesohaline conditions). In this study, partial 16S-rRNA sequences were used to investigate the bacterial community at five stations, representing almost freshwater (oligohaline) to marine conditions, in the Baltic Sea...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Marie-Amélie Farreny, Eric Agius, Sophie Bel-Vialar, Nathalie Escalas, Nagham Khouri-Farah, Chadi Soukkarieh, Cathy Danesin, Fabienne Pituello, Philippe Cochard, Cathy Soula
BACKGROUND: Most oligodendrocytes of the spinal cord originate from ventral progenitor cells of the pMN domain, characterized by expression of the transcription factor Olig2. A minority of oligodendrocytes is also recognized to emerge from dorsal progenitors during fetal development. The prevailing view is that generation of ventral oligodendrocytes depends on Sonic hedgehog (Shh) while dorsal oligodendrocytes develop under the influence of Fibroblast Growth Factors (FGFs). RESULTS: Using the well-established model of the chicken embryo, we show that ventral spinal progenitor cells activate FGF signaling at the onset of oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) generation...
March 8, 2018: Neural Development
Shun Bai, Le Cheng, Yingwen Zhang, Chunsen Zhu, Zhiping Zhu, Ruping Zhu, C Yan Cheng, Lan Ye, Ke Zheng
STUDY QUESTION: What is the physiological role of Rictor in spermatogenic cells? SUMMARY ANSWER: Germline expression of Rictor regulates spermatogonial differentiation and has an essential role in coordinating germ cells and Sertoli cells in maintaining intact cell-cell adhesion dynamics and cytoskeleton-based architecture in the seminiferous epithelium. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) resides in its functions as the catalytic subunits of the structurally and functionally distinct mTORC1 and mTORC2 complexes...
February 6, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
Ja-Hyun Koo, Heeseok Yoon, Won-Ju Kim, Donghun Cha, Je-Min Choi
Iduna is a poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR)-dependent E3 ubiquitin ligase that regulates cellular responses such as proteasomal degradation and DNA repair upon interaction with its substrate. We identified a highly cationic region within the PAR-binding motif of Iduna; the region was similar among various species and showed amino acid sequence similarity with that of known cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs). We hypothesized that this Iduna-derived cationic sequence-rich peptide (Iduna) could penetrate the cell membrane and deliver macromolecules into cells...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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