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S H Lee, J S Oh, K B Lee, J M Lee, S H Hwang, M K Lee, E H Kwon, C S Kim, I H Choi, I Y Yeo, J Y Yoon, J M Im
Food samples are collected nationwide from January 2016 to February 2017 and their contents of artificial radionuclides are measured to address the growing concerns regarding the radioactive contamination of food products in Korea. Specifically, 900 food samples are collected for this study and their contents of representative artificial radionuclides 134Cs, 137Cs, 239,240Pu, and 90Sr are analyzed. The analysis shows that the activity concentrations of 137Cs in fish range from minimum detectable activity (MDA) to 340 mBq/kg of fresh weight...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Xiaole Zhang, George Efthimiou, Yan Wang, Meng Huang
Radiation from the deposited radionuclides is indispensable information for environmental impact assessment of nuclear power plants and emergency management during nuclear accidents. Ground shine estimation is related to multiple physical processes, including atmospheric dispersion, deposition, soil and air radiation shielding. It still remains unclear that whether the normally adopted "infinite plane" source assumption for the ground shine calculation is accurate enough, especially for the area with highly heterogeneous deposition distribution near the release point...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Hui Li, Qi Li, Peng Wen, Trey B Williams, Shiba Adhikari, Chaochao Dun, Chang Lu, Dominique Itanze, Lin Jiang, David L Carroll, George L Donati, Pamela M Lundin, Yejun Qiu, Scott M Geyer
Highly efficient and stable electrocatalysts, particularly those that are capable of multifunctionality in the same electrolyte, are in high demand for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), oxygen evolution reaction (OER), and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). In this work, highly monodisperse CoP and Co2 P nanocrystals (NCs) are synthesized using a robust solution-phase method. The highly exposed (211) crystal plane and abundant surface phosphide atoms make the CoP NCs efficient catalysts toward ORR and HER, while metal-rich Co2 P NCs show higher OER performance owing to easier formation of plentiful Co2 P@COOH heterojunctions...
January 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
Cédric Bourgès, Yohan Bouyrie, Andrew R Supka, Rabih Al Rahal Al Orabi, Pierric Lemoine, O I Lebedev, Michihiro Ohta, Koichiro Suekuni, Vivian Nassif, Vincent Hardy, Ramzy Daou, Yuzuru Miyazaki, Marco Fornari, Emmanuel Guilmeau
High-performance thermoelectric bulk sulfide with the colusite structure is achieved by controlling the densification process and forming short-to-medium range structural defects. A simple and powerful way to adjust carrier concentration combined with enhanced phonon scattering through point defects and disordered regions is described. By combining experiments with band structure and phonons calculations, we elucidate, for the first time, the underlying mechanism at the origin of intrinsically low thermal conductivity in colusite samples as well as the effect of S vacancies and antisite defects on the carrier concentration...
January 14, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Ayşe Sönmez, Yeşim Aksoy Derya
PURPOSE: This research was conducted to determine the effects of sleep hygiene training given to pregnant women with restless leg syndrome on their sleep quality. METHODS: This study was conducted using a quasi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test, and a control group. When the power analysis was made, a sample size with 5% two-sided significance, 95% confidence interval, and 95% ability to represent the population was calculated to have a total of 128 pregnant women...
January 13, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Fatih Ongul, Sureyya Aydin Yuksel, Cagdas Allahverdi, Sinem Bozar, Mehmet Kazici, Serap Gunes
In this study, the high quality CdSe nanocrystals (NCs) capped with stearic acid were synthesized in a solvent and then purified four times by using the precipitation and redissolution process. The average size of the synthesized CdSe NCs was determined ~3.0nm via transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurement and their corresponding optical band edge energy was also calculated as ~2.1eV using ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) absorption spectroscopy. The bulk heterojunction (BHJ) hybrid solar cells based on a ternary system including P3HT, PCBM and CdSe NCs at different weight concentrations (0wt%, 0...
January 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Taniya Purkait, Guneet Singh, Dinesh Kumar, Mandeep Singh, Ramendra Sundar Dey
A simple approach for growing porous electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (pErGO) networks on copper wire, modified with galvanostatically deposited copper foam is demonstrated. The as-prepared pErGO networks on the copper wire are directly used to fabricate solid-state supercapacitor. The pErGO-based supercapacitor can deliver a specific capacitance (Csp) as high as 81±3 F g-1 at 0.5 A g-1 with polyvinyl alcohol/H3PO4 gel electrolyte. The Csp per unit length and area are calculated as 40.5 mF cm-1 and 283...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xiaolong Li, Yifu Yang, Jun Cai, Yun Deng, Junfeng Yang, Xinmin Zhou, Lina Tan
Reducing costs is a pragmatic method for promoting the widespread usage of indoor localization technology. Conventional indoor localization systems (ILSs) exploit relatively expensive wireless chips to measure received signal strength for positioning. Our work is based on a cheap and widely-used commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) wireless chip, i.e., the Nordic Semiconductor nRF24LE1, which has only several output power levels, and proposes a new power level based-ILS, called Plils. The localization procedure incorporates two phases: an offline training phase and an online localization phase...
January 12, 2018: Sensors
Christina J Azevedo, Steven Y Cen, Sankalpa Khadka, Shuang Liu, John Kornak, Yonggang Shi, Ling Zheng, Stephen L Hauser, Daniel Pelletier
OBJECTIVE: Thalamic volume is a candidate MRI-based marker associated with neurodegeneration to hasten development of neuroprotective treatments. Our objective is to describe the longitudinal evolution of thalamic atrophy in MS and normal aging, and to estimate sample sizes for study design. METHODS: 601 subjects (2632 MRI scans) were analyzed. 520 subjects with relapse-onset MS [CIS(90); RR(392); SP(38)] underwent annual standardized 3T MRI scans for an average of 4...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Neurology
Bartomeu Monserrat
The interaction between electrons and phonons underlies multiple phenomena in physics, chemistry, and materials science. Examples include superconductivity, electronic transport, and the temperature dependence of optical spectra. A first-principles description of electron-phonon coupling enables the study of the above phenomena with accuracy and material specificity, which can be used to understand experiments and to predict novel effects and functionality. In this topical review, we describe the first-principles calculation of electron-phonon coupling from finite differences...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Amir Hossein Mirhashemi, Nasim Chiniforush, Nastaran Sharifi, Amir Mehdi Hosseini
Several techniques have been proposed to obtain a durable bond, and the efficacy of these techniques is assessed by measuring parameters such as bond strength. Laser has provided a bond strength as high as that of acid etching in vitro and has simpler use with shorter clinical time compared to acid etching. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers for etching and bonding of composite to orthodontic brackets. No previous study has evaluated the effect of these particular types of laser...
January 11, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Matthew J Hayes, Dirk R Spits, David G Watts, Vincent G Kelly
The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a relationship between tennis serve speed and isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP) kinetic variables; countermovement jump height (CMJ Height), shoulder internal and external rotation strength and anthropometric measures in elite adolescent tennis players. Twenty-one elite junior tennis players from the Tennis Australia National Academy were recruited for this study (male, n = 12, female, n = 9). Correlations between the performance variables and peak tennis serve speed were calculated using a Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Constance Xhaard, Carole Rubino, Vincent Souchard, Stéphane Maillard, Yan Ren, Françoise Borson-Chazot, Geneviève Sassolas, Claire Schvartz, Marc Colonna, Brigitte Lacour, Anne Sophie Woronoff, Michel Velten, Emilie Marrer, Laurent Bailly, Eugènia Mariné Barjoan, Martin Schlumberger, Vladimir Drozdovitch, Andre Bouville, Jacques Orgiazzi, Elisabeth Adjadj, Florent de Vathaire
BACKGROUND: The Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident occurred in Ukraine on April 26th 1986. In France, the radioactive fallout and thyroid radiation doses were much lower than in highly contaminated areas. However, a number of risk projections have suggested that a small excess in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) might occur in eastern France due to this low-level fallout. In order to investigate this potential impact, a case-control study on DTC risk factors was started in 2005, focusing on cases who were less than 15 years old at the time of the Chernobyl accident...
January 8, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
M Rezvani, M Darvish Ganji, S Jameh-Bozorghi, A Niazi
In the present work density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent semiempirical ZNIDO/S (TD-ZNIDO/S) methods have been used to investigate the ground state geometries, electronic structures and excited state properties of triad systems. The influences of the type of metal in the porphyrin ring, change in bridge position and porphyrine-ZnP duplicate on the energies of frontier molecular orbital and UV-Vis spectra has been studied. Geometry optimization, the energy levels and electron density of the Highest Occupied Molecular Orbital (HOMO) and the Lowest Unoccupied Molecular Orbital (LUMO), chemical hardness (η), electrophilicity index (ω), electron accepting power (ω+) were calculated using ZINDO/S method to predict which molecule is the most efficient with a great capability to be used as a triad molecule in solar industry...
January 2, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Hirokazu Masai, Toshiaki Ina, Shun Okumura, Ko Mibu
X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) measurement is one of the most powerful tools for the evaluation of a cation valence state. XANES measurement is sometimes the only available technique for the evaluation of the valence state of a dopant cation, which often occurs in phosphor materials. The validity of the core excitation process should be examined as a basis for understanding the applicability of this technique. Here, we demonstrate the validity of valence estimation of tin in oxide glasses, using Sn K-edge and L-edge XANES spectra, and compare the results with 119Sn Mössbauer analysis...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Aaron R Huber, Raul S Gonzalez, Mark S Orloff, Christopher T Barry, Christa L Whitney-Miller
CONTEXT: Liver cancers (including hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC] and cholangiocarcinoma) are the fifth most common cause of cancer death. The most powerful independent histologic predictor of overall survival after transplantation for HCC is the presence of microscopic vascular invasion (VI). AIMS: Given that VI is known to have somewhat high interobserver variability in both HCC and other tumors, we hypothesized that pathologists with special interest and training in liver pathology would be more likely to identify and report VI in HCC than would general surgical pathologists...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Frank Miller, Sarah Zohar, Nigel Stallard, Jason Madan, Martin Posch, Siew Wan Hee, Michael Pearce, Mårten Vågerö, Simon Day
We discuss 3 alternative approaches to sample size calculation: traditional sample size calculation based on power to show a statistically significant effect, sample size calculation based on assurance, and sample size based on a decision-theoretic approach. These approaches are compared head-to-head for clinical trial situations in rare diseases. Specifically, we consider 3 case studies of rare diseases (Lyell disease, adult-onset Still disease, and cystic fibrosis) with the aim to plan the sample size for an upcoming clinical trial...
January 10, 2018: Pharmaceutical Statistics
Bai Amutha Anjali, Cherumuttathu H Suresh
The influence of mono- and multiple substituent effect on the reduction potential (E0 ) of 1,3,6-triphenyl fulvenes is investigated using B3LYP-SMD/6-311+G(d,p) level density functional theory. The molecular electrostatic potential (MESP) minimum at the fulvene π-system (Vmin ) and the change in MESP at any of the fulvene carbon atoms (ΔVC ) for both neutral and reduced forms are used as excellent measures of substituent effect from the para and meta positions of the 1,3 and 6-phenyl moieties. Substitution at 6-phenyl para position has led to significant change in E0 than any other positions...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Computational Chemistry
Walaa Elsayed, Ahmed Farrag, Qassim Muaidi, Nora Almulhim
PURPOSE: Sagittal spinal deviation has been reported to be a significant musculoskeletal problem affecting both genders and could develop at any age. Factors triggering this issue are still not well defined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sagittal spine angles and isokinetic peak, average torque, and power of trunk muscles in asymptomatic adults. METHODS: A convenient sample of 79 subjects with asymptomatic spine participated in this study...
January 10, 2018: European Spine Journal
Tiago Menezes, Maria M Romeiras, Miguel M de Sequeira, Mónica Moura
Macaronesia has long been recognized as a natural model for studying evolutionary processes in plant diversification. Several studies have attempted to focus on single lineages, and few have covered the diversification of a family across all the archipelagos. We used a comprehensive sample to clarify the phylogenetic relationships and the biogeographic history of the Macaronesian Campanulaceae. Hypotheses related to the colonization of these archipelagos will be used to examine the diversification patterns of different lineages...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
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