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radiation vena cava syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932613/primary-pulmonary-lymphoma-presenting-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-a-young-female
#1
Divya Salhan, Prakash Verma, Tun Win Naing, Ebad Ur Rehman, Saroj Kandel, Danillo Enriquez, Joseph Quist, Frances Schmidt
Primary Pulmonary Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (PPDLBCL) is an extremely rare entity, which exhibits an aggressive behavior by compressing local blood vessels. It represents only 0.04% of all lymphoma cases and is extremely rare in young age. We present a case of a primary pulmonary lymphoma with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) in a young female. 27-year-old African American female presented with fever, cough, and facial puffiness for 2 weeks and unintentional weight loss. Chest examination showed decreased breath sounds and dullness on percussion on right side...
2017: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740919/palliative-radiation-therapy-for-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-metastatic-wilms-tumor-using-10xfff-and-3d-surface-imaging-to-avoid-anesthesia-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-teaching-case
#2
Jean-Claude M Rwigema, Kelly Lamiman, Robert S Reznik, Nicole J H Lee, Arthur Olch, Kenneth K Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681367/expandable-metallic-stent-for-endobronchial-metastasis-from-colorectal-cancer-reports-of-2-cases
#3
Tomoki Nakamura, Takayuki Tajima, Takashi Ogimi, Hiroshi Miyakita, Miho Nitta, Kazunori Myojin, Sakurako Tajiri, Ichiro Kobayashi, Takayuki Nishi, Sotaro Sadahiro, Hideo Shimada
In recent years, there have been many reports about the efficacy of stenting for central bronchial stenosis. When central bronchial stenosis is due to metastasis of a malignant tumor to the trachea and/or bronchi (endobronchial metastasis: EM), it is classified as "narrow EM" and "broad EM." [1] We managed two patients in whom bilateral stent placement was required for narrow and broad EM arising from colorectal cancer. Case 1: In September 2011, a 66-year-old man underwent low anterior resection for advanced colorectal cancer associated with unresectable liver metastasis...
July 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654925/cardiovascular-oncologic-emergencies
#4
Sundeep Shenoy, Safal Shetty, Shilpa Lankala, Faiz Anwer, Andrew Yeager, Sasikanth Adigopula
Oncologic emergencies can present either as a progression of a known cancer or as the initial presentation of a previously undiagnosed cancer. In most of these situations, a very high degree of suspicion is required to allow prompt assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. In this article, we review the presentation and management of cardiovascular oncologic emergencies from primary and metastatic tumors of the heart and complications such as pericardial tamponade, superior vena cava syndrome, and hyperviscosity syndrome...
2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454250/intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-to-treat-primary-female-mediastinal-seminoma-and-massive-pericardial-effusion-a-case-report
#5
Jun Cao, Yan Zhou, Fangwen Zou, Jin-An Ma, Chunhong Hu
Primary mediastinal seminoma is a rare extragonadal germ cell tumour that mainly occurs in males. The present study reports the case of a 27-year-old woman that presented with superior vena cava syndrome and a large mass in the mediastinum, which was diagnosed as primary female mediastinal seminoma. The patient received 6 cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy [4 cycles BEP chemotherapy (120 mg cisplatin, 0.45 g etoposide and 60 mg bleomycin, once every 3 weeks); 2 cycles IEP chemotherapy (120 mg cisplatin, 100 mg epirubicin and 6 g ifosfamide, once every 3 weeks)] and the patient showed an increase in the size of the mediastinal mass and hydropericardium, indicating a resistance to chemotherapy...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956913/myxoma-immediately-above-the-junction-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-and-the-right-atrium-a-rare-cause-of-budd-chiari-syndrome
#6
Vahid Mohammad Karimi, Amir Anushiravani, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Massood Hosseinzadeh, Ali Reza Rasekhi, Mahmoud Zamirian, Amir Anushiravani
The Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare disorder caused by the obstruction of the hepatic veins or the inferior vena cava (IVC) at the suprahepatic level. This syndrome is developed by either hepatic vein thrombosis or mechanical venous obstruction and leads to centrilobular hepatic congestion with the subsequent development of fibrosis and cirrhosis. Intracardiac tumors have been rarely reported as a cause of the BCS. These tumors usually originate from the atrial septum. Very rarely, they arise either from the junction of the IVC and the right atrium or from the Eustachian valve...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866523/-progress-on-the-therapeutic-approaches-for-malignant-tumor-%C3%A2-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Xiangzheng Liu, Shijie Zhang, Jian Li
Patients with thoracic malignant tumors often suffered from superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS), featured by high morbidity and mortality. Traditionally treated with palliative approaches, SVCS has been widely studied and novel therapeutic approaches have been investigated, focusing on drug therapy, interventional therapy, radiation therapy, surgery and proton therapy. In this manuscript, the progress of therapeutic approaches for SVCS is summarized.
November 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764143/outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-with-cancer-related-complications
#8
Viviane B L Torres, Juliana Vassalo, Ulysses V A Silva, Pedro Caruso, André P Torelly, Eliezer Silva, José M M Teles, Marcos Knibel, Ederlon Rezende, José J S Netto, Claudio Piras, Luciano C P Azevedo, Fernando A Bozza, Nelson Spector, Jorge I F Salluh, Marcio Soares
INTRODUCTION: Cancer patients are at risk for severe complications related to the underlying malignancy or its treatment and, therefore, usually require admission to intensive care units (ICU). Here, we evaluated the clinical characteristics and outcomes in this subgroup of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Secondary analysis of two prospective cohorts of cancer patients admitted to ICUs. We used multivariable logistic regression to identify variables associated with hospital mortality...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461602/superior-vena-cava-syndrome-a-radiation-oncologist-s-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Kaustav Talapatra, Soumadip Panda, Sandeep Goyle, Kallol Bhadra, Rajesh Mistry
Superior vena cava syndrome is referred to as a constellation of symptoms and signs caused by obstruction of superior vena cava. It can occur due to both benign and malignant causes with the latter being the predominant. There is a paradigm shift in the approach to manage this condition. It is no longer considered a medical emergency and histological diagnosis is necessary before treatment. This article reviews the causes, symptoms, pathophysiology, and overall management policy which have changed over decades...
April 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440855/non-haemorrhagic-bilateral-adrenal-infarction-in-a-patient-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome-along-with-lupus-myocarditis
#10
Nicholas Marinus Batt, Dean Malik, Miranda Harvie, Hemant Sheth
A 40-year-old woman with antiphospholipid syndrome presented with a 5-day history of right upper quadrant (RUQ) pain, radiating posteriorly, associated with fever and vomiting. She was admitted 1-week prior with an upper respiratory infection and erythema multiforme. Clinical assessment revealed sepsis with RUQ tenderness and positive Murphy's sign. Laboratory results showed raised inflammatory markers, along with renal and liver impairment. CT showed bilateral adrenal infarction and inferior vena cava thrombus...
July 20, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351623/primary-pleomorphic-liposarcoma-of-the-spine-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
A M Morales-Codina, J A Martín-Benlloch, M Corbellas Aparicio
INTRODUCTION: To describe a single case, the fourth ever reported, of pleomorphic liposarcoma of the spine and to undertake a review of the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 60 year old male patient had a bilateral lumbosciatica over a 3 month period. Imaging tests revealed a tumor mass in L1-L3 and a fracture in L2. Also, he had a mural thrombus both in the inferior vena cava and the left renal vein. The biopsy revealed a well-differentiated liposarcoma. En bloc resection of the lesion and stabilization was carried out...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27026923/review-of-evolving-etiologies-implications-and-treatment-strategies-for-the-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Christopher Straka, James Ying, Feng-Ming Kong, Christopher D Willey, Joseph Kaminski, D W Nathan Kim
Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is a relatively common sequela of mediastinal malignancies and may cause significant patient distress. SVCS is a medical emergency if associated with laryngeal or cerebral edema. The etiologies and management of SVCS have evolved over time. Non-malignant SVCS is typically caused by infectious etiologies or by thrombus in the superior vena cava and can be managed with antibiotics or anti-coagulation therapy, respectively. Radiation therapy (RT) has long been a mainstay of treatment of malignant SVCS...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26831903/dosimetric-factors-and-toxicity-in-highly-conformal-thoracic-reirradiation
#13
Michael S Binkley, Susan M Hiniker, Aadel Chaudhuri, Peter G Maxim, Maximilian Diehn, Billy W Loo, David Benjamin Shultz
PURPOSE: We determined cumulative dose to critical structures, rates of toxicity, and outcomes following thoracic reirradiation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively reviewed our institutional database for patients treated between 2008 and 2014, who received thoracic reirradiation with overlap of 25% prescribed isodose lines. Patients received courses of hyperfractionated (n=5), hypofractionated (n=5), conventionally fractionated (n=21), or stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (n=51)...
March 15, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26684409/what-are-medical-students-in-the-united-states-learning-about-radiation-oncology-results-of-a-multi-institutional-survey
#14
Nicholas G Zaorsky, Talha Shaikh, Elizabeth Handorf, Gary Eastwick, Adam Hesney, Eli D Scher, Ryan T Jones, Timothy N Showalter, Vladimir Avkshtol, Stephanie R Rice, Eric M Horwitz, Joshua E Meyer
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to assess the exposure that medical students (MSs) have to radiation oncology (RO) during the course of their medical school career, as evidenced by 2 time points in current medical training (ie, first vs fourth year; MS1s and MS4s, respectively) and to assess the knowledge of MS1s, MS4s, and primary care physicians (PCPs) about the appropriateness of RT in cancer management in comparison with RO attendings. METHODS: We developed and beta tested an electronic survey divided into 3 parts: RO job descriptions, appropriateness of RT, and toxicities of RT...
February 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26634162/urothelial-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-with-limited-response-to-radiation-therapy
#15
Nishan Bingham, H James Wallace Iii, Joanne Monterroso, Claire Verschraegen, Brenda L Waters, Christopher J Anker
Radiation therapy (RT) is the standard of care for cases of superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome secondary to metastatic adenopathy. Histologies vary in radiosensitivity and response time, making alternative therapies such as chemotherapy and/or intravenous stenting preferable alternative options for certain diagnoses. Metastatic urothelial carcinoma is a particularly rare cause of SVC syndrome with only 3 cases reported in the literature. Consequently, optimal management remains challenging, particularly in cases of high tumor burden...
2015: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26424949/transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-creation-using-a-three-dimensional-fluoroscopy-guidance-system-in-patients-with-the-budd-chiari-syndrome
#16
Bruce M Bell, Marco Cura, Cathryn J Shaw, Chet R Rees
When performed for Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS), transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation can be technically difficult due to hepatic congestion and asymmetric hypertrophy. We present three female patients with decompensated BCS in whom TIPS were created using a three-dimensional fluoroscopy guidance system. On a dedicated workstation using three-dimensional volumes of computed tomography imaging, a virtual needle path was created by the operator extending from the needle entry point (hepatic vein stump or inferior vena cava) to the target portal vein...
October 2015: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26197918/-management-for-life-threatening-mediastinal-tumor
#17
Tomoyuki Nakano, Shunsuke Endo
Mediastinal tumor occasionally causes life-threatening symptoms by infection, enlargement, and invasion to intrathoracic organs requiring an emergent treatment, while routine chest computed tomography (CT) can increasingly lead to incidental diagnosis of an asymptomatic mediastinal tumor. Cystic teratoma is one of the mediastinal tumors with lethal symptoms by rupture into the intrathoracic organs and/or cavities. Emergent tumor resection should be recommended when clinical characters suggest the diagnosis...
July 2015: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26140332/impressive-response-to-dose-dense-chemotherapy-in-a-patient-with-nut-midline-carcinoma
#18
Michela Maur, Angela Toss, Massimo Dominici, Antonio Frassoldati, Paolo Corradini, Antonio Maiorana, Annalisa Fontana, Pierfranco Conte
BACKGROUND: NUT midline carcinoma (NMC) is a rare, highly lethal malignancy that results from a chromosome translocation and mostly arises in the midline organs. To date, no treatment has been established. Most patients receive combinations of chemotherapy regimens and radiation, and occasionally subsequent resection; nevertheless, patients have an average survival hardly exceeding 7 months. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old patient was admitted to our division with a large mediastinal mass with lung nodules, multiple vertebral metastases, and massive nodal involvement...
July 3, 2015: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26064339/radiation-dose-is-associated-with-prognosis-of-small-cell-lung-cancer-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#19
Zhen-Bo Wang, Fang-Ling Ning, Xiao-Le Wang, Yu-Feng Cheng, Xin-Jun Dong, Chang-Min Liu, Shao-Shui Chen
Approximately 10% of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cases develop superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS). Many SCLC patients with SVCS have relatively limited disease, requiring curative rather than palliative treatment. Besides chemotherapy, radiotherapy is important for treating SCLC with SVCS. We retrospectively evaluated the influence of radiotherapy dose on the prognosis of 57 patients with SCLC with SVCS treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. The mean biological equivalent radiation dose was 71.5 Gy. We administered etoposide/cisplatin as sequential and concurrent chemotherapy...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25845255/intracardiac-extension-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-leiomyosarcoma-with-budd-chiari-syndrome-presentation-a-case-report
#20
Predrag Matić, Goran Vučurević, Srdjan Babić, Slobodan Tanasković, Branko Lozuk, Dragan Sagić, Djordje Radak
INTRODUCTION: Leiomyosarcomas of the inferior vena cava are rare malignant tumors. A limited number of these cases have been described so far. Only few of them have intracardiac propagation and surgery is rarely undertaken for their treatment. CASE OUTLINE: We present a 52-year-old female patient in whom leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava with intracardiac propagation was diagnosed. The patient underwent successful surgical treatment with complete removal of the tumor and direct suture of the inferior vena cava...
January 2015: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
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