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radiation spinal cord compression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764185/management-of-metastatic-spinal-cord-compression-among-veterans-health-administration-radiation-oncologists
#1
Ruchika Gutt, Sheeta Malhotra, Shruti Jolly, Drew Moghanaki, Alice V Cheuk, Helen Fosmire, Maria Kelly, Lori Hoffman-Hogg, Stephen Lutz, Mitchell Anscher, George Dawson
BACKGROUND: Optimal management of metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) improves functional outcomes in patients with metastatic disease. This survey study evaluated management of MSCC by Veterans Health Administration (VHA) radiation oncologists (ROs), to determine whether management of MSCC correlates with American College of Radiology (ACR) guidelines, and to compare times to initiation of treatment between surgery and radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: Surveys emailed to 79 VHA ROs included questions on steroid use, surgical care, palliative care, fractionation of irradiation, re-irradiation, and management of common MSCC case scenarios...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726364/contemporary-statewide-practice-pattern-assessment-of-the-palliative-treatment-of-bone-metastasis
#2
Daniel E Spratt, Brandon R Mancini, James A Hayman, Thomas Boike, Lori J Pierce, Jean M Moran, Michael M Dominello, Mark Fireman, Kent Griffith, Shruti Jolly
PURPOSE: Palliative radiation therapy for bone metastases is often viewed as a single entity, despite national guidelines providing input principally only for painful uncomplicated bone metastases. Data surrounding the treatment of bone metastases are often gleaned from questionnaires of what providers would theoretically do in practice or from population-based data lacking critical granular information. We investigated the real-world treatment of bone metastases with radiation therapy...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709741/long-term-follow-up-of-patients-with-metastatic-epidural-spinal-cord-compression-mescc-from-solid-tumors-submitted-surgery-followed-by-radiation-therapy
#3
Federico Pessina, Pierina Navarria, Giulio Alberto Carta, Giuseppe Roberto D'Agostino, Elena Clerici, Marco Conti Nibali, Francesco Costa, Maurizio Fornari, Marta Scorsetti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of patients, with epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC) from different solid tumors, treated with a combined approach, surgery plus radiotherapy (RT), with a follow-up longer than 10 years. METHODS: Ninety-seven patients treated between 2002 and 2009 were included. Surgical treatment was performed in patients with good performance status, limited metastatic disease, life expectancy longer than 3 months and progressive neurologic deficit and/or intractable pain...
April 27, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678526/long-term-outcomes-after-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-spine-metastases-radiation-dose-response-for-late-toxicity
#4
Diane C Ling, John C Flickinger, Steven A Burton, Dwight E Heron, Annette E Quinn, Ghassan K Bejjani, Johnathan A Engh, Peter C Gerszten, Nduka M Amankulor, John A Vargo
PURPOSE: To document the 5- and 10-year rates of late toxicity and vertebral compression fracture (VCF) in long-term survivors after stereotactic radiosurgery for spine metastases. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective review was performed on 562 patients treated with SRS for spine metastases between April 2001 and July 2011. Selecting those with at least 5-year survival after SRS, included were 43 patients who collectively underwent 84 treatments at 54 spine sites...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619931/approaches-to-radiotherapy-in-metastatic-spinal-cord-compression
#5
Morten Hiul Suppl
Metastatic spinal cord compression is caused by the progression of metastatic lesions within the vicinity of the spinal cord. The consequences are very severe with loss of neurological function and severe pain. The standard treatment is surgical intervention followed by radiotherapy or radiotherapy alone. However, the majority of patients are treated with radiotherapy only due to contraindications to surgery and technical inoperability. Stereotactic body radiotherapy is a technology to deliver higher radiation dose to the radiotherapy target with the use of spatial coordinates...
April 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571273/economic-burden-of-skeletal-related-events-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-analysis-of-us-commercial-claims-database
#6
Debajyoti Bhowmik, Dionne M Hines, Michele Intorcia, Rolin L Wade
AIMS: To estimate incremental healthcare resource utilization (HRU) and costs associated with skeletal-related events (SREs) secondary to multiple myeloma (MM), and HRU and cost differences in patients with one vs multiple SREs. METHODS: Adults with MM diagnosis between January 1, 2010-December 31, 2014, with benefits coverage ≥12 months pre- and ≥6 months post-diagnosis were followed to last coverage date or December 31, 2015, excluding patients with prior anti-myeloma treatment or cancers...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556576/external-beam-radiation-therapy-for-advanced-unresectable-malignant-paraganglioma-and-pheochromocytoma
#7
William Breen, Irina Bancos, William F Young, Keith C Bible, Nadia N Laack, Robert L Foote, Christopher L Hallemeier
Purpose/Objectives: To evaluate the role of external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) for treatment of malignant paraganglioma (PGL) and pheochromocytoma (PCC). Methods and materials: A retrospective review was performed of all patients with malignant PGL/PCC treated with EBRT at our institution between 1973 and 2015. Local control (LC) per treated lesion and overall survival were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Toxicities were scored using the Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (AE), version 4...
January 2018: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541557/efficacy-of-8-gy-single-fraction-palliative-radiation-therapy-in-painful-bone-metastases-a-single-institution-experience
#8
Muhammad Shuja, Ayman A Elghazaly, Asif Iqbal, Reham Mohamed, Amal Marie, Mutahir A Tunio, Moamen M Aly, Ali Balbaid, Mushabbab Asiri
Introduction Bone metastasis (BM) is a major complication of many solid tumors like breast, prostate, lung and renal cancers. BM leads to serious sequelae of pain, fractures, spinal cord compression and hypercalcemia. Radiotherapy has an established role in relieving pain caused by BM. Worldwide different radiotherapy schedules are being used for BM. The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of single fraction palliative radiotherapy for painful bone metastases. Methods Between April 2014 and April 2017, single fraction radiotherapy was used to treat 73 patients in our institution...
January 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527399/nursing-review-of-spinal-meningiomas
#9
REVIEW
Nancy E Epstein
Background: Spinal meningiomas are found in patients typically between the ages of 75 and 84: some report the average age to be 50. They occur with an incidence of approximately 1000 patients per year in the US, are mostly single (90%) rather than multiple (10%), and arise from the spinal meninges (arachnoid/dura). Tumors are typically posterior/posterolateral (70%) in location, leaving the remaining 30% in the anterior/anterolateral spinal canal. They produce symptoms and signs of radiculopathy (nerve root) and/or myelopathy (cord compression) depending on their site of origin...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502130/primary-thoracic-giant-cell-tumor-of-bone-sensitive-to-steroids
#10
Huiliang Yang, Gi Hye Im, Gunnlaugur Petur Nielsen, Arvin Kheterpal, Joseph H Schwab
Spinal giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) is a rare benign, but locally aggressive, entity. We report the case of a 40-year-old man diagnosed with GCTB of the thoracic spine. The only symptom upon presentation was progressive back pain with pain radiating to the chest. Magnetic resonance imaging showed that the soft tissue mass extended posteriorly into the spinal canal, causing severe spinal cord compression. We initially treated this case with Decadron (Fresenius kabi, Bad Homburg vor der Hohe, Germany) for 1 week...
March 3, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494653/prevalence-and-risk-of-skeletal-complications-and-use-of-radiation-therapy-in-elderly-women-diagnosed-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#11
Arif Hussain, Candice Yong, Katherine H R Tkaczuk, Yi Qian, Jorge Arellano, C Daniel Mullins, Eberechukwu Onukwugha
OBJECTIVE: Real-world data regarding patient factors associated with the occurrence of spinal cord compression (SCC) or pathological fracture (PF), or need for bone surgery (BS), or use of radiation therapy (RAD) (i.e. skeletal complications and radiation therapy; SCRT) are limited for women with metastatic breast cancer (BCa). Given the substantial clinical and economic burden of these events in advanced BCa, we conducted the present study to understand the prevalence and identify the risk factors associated with these events among elderly women presenting with de novo metastatic BCa...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456361/upper-cervical-bronchogenic-cyst-a-rare-condition-at-a-rare-location
#12
Ranjeet Kumar Jha, Chandan B Mohanty, Chandrashekhar E Deopujari, Salman Tehran Shaikh
Intraspinal bronchogenic cyst (SBC) is a rare but important cause of spinal cord compression, commonly seen in the cervicothoracic spine. We report a case of a 43-year-old male, presenting with complaints of neck pain, radiating to right shoulder, with numbness of right hand and fingers. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine revealed an intradural extramedullary, ventral cystic lesion extending from C2 to C4 vertebral levels. Complete surgical excision was performed, and the patient had a complete relief of symptoms postoperatively...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444353/healthcare-resource-utilisation-associated-with-skeletal-related-events-in-european-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-results-from-a-prospective-multinational-observational-study
#13
John Ashcroft, Ignacio Duran, Herbert Hoefeler, Vito Lorusso, Diana Lueftner, Marco Campioni, Michele Intorcia, Amit Bahl
OBJECTIVES: Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) often experience debilitating skeletal-related events (SREs: pathologic fracture, radiation to bone [RB], surgery to bone [SB] or spinal cord compression [SCC]). This is the first comprehensive, prospective, observational analysis of healthcare resource utilisation (HRU), independently attributed to SREs by investigators, in patients with MM. METHODS: Eligible patients had lytic bone lesions, life expectancy ≥6 months, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≤2 and ≥1 SRE in the 97 days before enrolment...
May 2018: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423169/a-rare-case-of-spinal-cord-compression-due-to-cervical-spine-metastases-from-paraganglioma-of-the-jugular-foramen-how-should-it-be-treated
#14
Stylianos Kapetanakis, Danai Chourmouzi, Grigorios Gkasdaris, Vasileios Katsaridis, Eleftherios Eleftheriadis, Panagiotis Givissis
Paragangliomas are benign neoplasms that arise from the autonomic nervous system and the associated paraganglia. Although benign, they have been shown to possess metastatic potential. Involvement of the spine is rare. Even rarer is considered the involvement of the cervical spine. We report a case of a patient with a history of an extra-adrenal non-functional paraganglioma of the jugular foramen which was initially treated with intra-arterial embolization. After a 3-year disease-free follow-up, the patient was presented with symptoms of spinal cord compression due to spinal metastases in C2 and C3 vertebrae...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419331/-icorg-05-03-prospective-randomized-non-inferiority-phase-iii-trial-comparing-two-radiation-schedules-in-malignant-spinal-cord-compression-not-proceeding-with-surgical-decompression-the-quality-of-life-analysis
#15
K A Lee, M Dunne, C Small, P J Kelly, O McArdle, J O'Sullivan, D Hacking, M Pomeroy, J Armstrong, M Moriarty, A Clayton-Lea, I Parker, C D Collins, P Thirion
BACKGROUND: The optimal primary external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) radiation schedule for malignant epidural spinal cord compression (MSCC) remains to be determined. The ICORG 05-03 trial assessed if a 10 Gy single fraction radiation schedule was not inferior to one with 20 Gray (Gy) in five daily fractions, in terms of functional motor outcome, for the treatment of MSCC in patients not proceeding with surgical decompression. This article reports on two of the secondary endpoints, Quality of life (QoL), assessed according to the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (QLQ-C30) version 3...
February 8, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397209/update-of-the-systematic-review-of-palliative-radiation-therapy-fractionation-for-bone-metastases
#16
Shayna E Rich, Ronald Chow, Srinivas Raman, K Liang Zeng, Stephen Lutz, Henry Lam, Maurício F Silva, Edward Chow
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy is an effective modality for pain management of symptomatic bone metastases. We update the previous meta-analyses of randomized trials comparing single fraction to multiple fractions of radiation therapy in patients with uncomplicated bone metastases. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in Ovid Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register. Ten new randomized trials were identified since 2010, five with adequate and appropriate data for inclusion, resulting in a total of 29 trials that were analyzed...
March 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369169/primary-spinal-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-a-case-report
#17
Rongrong Dong, Jiali Ji, Hong Liu, Jue Wang, Xuexin He
RATIONALE: Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is an indolent B-cell lymphoma which occurs mainly in the organs having mucosal layer and owns a fairly good prognosis. To date, 7 cases of spinal primary MALT has been reported before. However, there is no consensus on the optimal adjuvant treatment modalities for primary spinal MALT. The aim of this study was to add a new case of MALT which responded well to systemic therapy to the literature and to review the current literature...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326769/osteoradionecrosis-in-subaxial-cervical-spine-a-rare-and-devastating-complication-a-case-report
#18
M Z Rashid, M H Ariffin, S A Rhani, A Baharudin, K Ibrahim
Osteoradionecrosis, a rare complication of radiation therapy, is a slow progression disease which affects the surrounding structures of spinal components. It essentially weakens the soft tissue and bony configuration and can cause nerve impingement or cord compression. We describe a patient who underwent radiotherapy for thyroid cancer and presented with cervical kyphosis with anterolisthesis of C3/C4 and C4/C5 some 32 years later. We explore the role of anterior and posterior fusion, as well as hyperbaric oxygen therapy in promoting healing...
November 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295881/frequency-morbidity-and-mortality-of-bone-metastases-in-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
James J Harding, Ghaith Abu-Zeinah, Joanne F Chou, Dwight Hall Owen, Michele Ly, Maeve Aine Lowery, Marinela Capanu, Richard Do, Nancy E Kemeny, Eileen M O'Reilly, Leonard B Saltz, Ghassan K Abou-Alfa
Background: Bone metastases are common in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but their incidence, morbidity, and mortality are not well defined. Methods: The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center database was queried for all patients with HCC and metastases seen from 2002 to 2014. The prevalence of bone metastasis was determined and cumulative incidence function was used to estimate the probability of developing a bone metastasis. Regression models were created to identify risk factors for osseous metastasis...
January 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234845/eanm-guideline-for-radionuclide-therapy-with-radium-223-of-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#20
Thorsten D Poeppel, Daria Handkiewicz-Junak, Michael Andreeff, Alexander Becherer, Andreas Bockisch, Eva Fricke, Lilli Geworski, Alexander Heinzel, Bernd J Krause, Thomas Krause, Markus Mitterhauser, Wilfried Sonnenschein, Lisa Bodei, Roberto C Delgado-Bolton, Michael Gabriel
Radium Ra-223 dichloride (radium-223, Xofigo®) is a targeted alpha therapy approved for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) with symptomatic bone metastases and no known visceral metastatic disease. Radium-223 is the first targeted alpha therapy in this indication providing a new treatment option, with evidence of a significant survival benefit, both in overall survival and in the time to the first symptomatic skeletal-related event. The skeleton is the most common metastatic site in patients with advanced prostate cancer...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
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