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vena cava syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900203/combined-hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma-with-stem-cell-features-cholangiolocellular-subtype-after-inferior-vena-cava-stent-placement-for-a-patient-with-budd-chiari-syndrome
#1
Makoto Sakane, Keigo Osuga, Takahiro Matsui, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Masatoshi Hori, Noriyuki Tomiyama
We report a case of combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma with stem cell features, cholangiolocellular subtype arising about 15 years after placement of an inferior vena cava stent for primary Budd-Chiari syndrome. Pre-surgical differentiation of the tumor from hepatocellular carcinoma was difficult because of elevated levels of alpha-fetoprotein and hypervascularity in the arterial phase. Histopathological examination revealed atypical cells forming ductal and alveolar structures showing a vague border with the surrounding liver...
November 2016: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886800/beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-how-to-diagnose-and-treat-vascular-involvement
#2
REVIEW
Emire Seyahi
Behçet's disease is a multisystem disorder with unknown etiology and a unique geographic distribution. The disease is characterized by recurrent skin-mucosa lesions and sight-threatening panuveitis. Vascular involvement, which is more common and more severe among males, has also equally characteristic features such as affecting mostly veins, having a significant tendency for thrombosis, and running a relapsing course. Lower extremity vein thrombosis (LEVT) is the most frequent manifestation, followed by vena cava inferior thrombosis...
April 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882061/the-long-term-outcomes-for-patients-with-budd-chiari-syndrome-caused-by-behcet-s-disease-a-case-series-on-the-results-from-cirrhosis-to-death
#3
Dondu Uskudar Cansu, Tuncer Temel, Adem Erturk, Timucin Kasifoglu, Berat Acu, Cengiz Korkmaz
BACKGROUND: Budd-Chiari syndrome, which is a rare complication of Behcet's disease, carries a high mortality rate. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to present our long-term follow up experience with patients suffering from Budd-Chiari syndrome due to Behcet's disease. METHODS: The records of 402 patients with Behcet's disease were evaluated retrospectively. To facilitate detection of the long-term complications caused by Budd-Chiari syndrome, the patients were evaluated via physical examinations, laboratory tests, imaging modalities, and endoscopy results...
October 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866966/complications-of-vascular-access-superior-vena-cava%C3%A2-syndrome
#4
Anil K Agarwal, Hooman Khabiri, Nabil J Haddad
Stenosis or occlusion of central veins in hemodialysis patients is common, especially with previous intravascular catheter or device use. Superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction is emerging as a frequent chronic complication of central vein cannulation that not only jeopardizes the availability of vascular access for hemodialysis, but can become a life-threatening emergency. Clinical features of SVC syndrome can be subtle or dramatic, including facial swelling and shortness of breath, which require expeditious attention and intervention...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866929/long-term-outcomes-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-under-specific-drug-therapy-in-eisenmenger-syndrome
#5
Sébastien Hascoët, Alban-Elouen Baruteau, Marc Humbert, Gérald Simonneau, Xavier Jais, Jérôme Petit, Daniela Laux, Olivier Sitbon, Virginie Lambert, André Capderou
BACKGROUND: The long-term effectiveness of pulmonary arterial hypertension-specific drug therapy (PAH-SDT) in Eisenmenger syndrome is controversial. We investigated short-term and long-term hemodynamic changes under PAH-SDT and their associations with outcomes in a bicentric cohort. METHODS: Over 20 years, we included 69 patients with congenital heart disease, an indexed pulmonary vascular resistance (PVRi) >8 WU·m(2), and 292 standardized catheterizations at baseline and after PAH-SDT initiation or intensification...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866523/-progress-on-the-therapeutic-approaches-for-malignant-tumor-%C3%A2-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#6
Xiangzheng Liu, Shijie Zhang, Jian Li
Patients with thoracic malignant tumors often suffered from superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS), featured by high morbidity and mortality. Traditionally treated with palliative approaches, SVCS has been widely studied and novel therapeutic approaches have been investigated, focusing on drug therapy, interventional therapy, radiation therapy, surgery and proton therapy. In this manuscript, the progress of therapeutic approaches for SVCS is summarized.
November 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863925/number-and-function-of-circulating-endothelial-progenitor-cells-in-patients-with-primary-budd-chiari-syndrome
#7
Rui Huang, Qingqiao Zhang, Qianxin Huang, Maoheng Zu, Hao Xu, Lingyu Zeng
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Primary Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is associated with vascular endothelial injury. Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) provide an endogenous mechanism to repair endothelial injury. This study investigated the levels and functionality of EPCs in patients with primary BCS. METHODS: EPCs (CD34(+)/CD133(+)/KDR(+)) were quantified in 82 patients with primary BCS (inferior vena cava type: n=19; hepatic vein type: n=22; and mixed type: n=41), 10 cirrhosis controls (CC group) and 10 age-matched healthy controls (HC group), using flow cytometry...
November 15, 2016: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855459/-port-catheter-associated-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-rectum-cancer
#8
Nikolai Schuelper, Jakob von Herder, Antonius Flohr, Gerald Wulf, Sabine Blaschke
History and clinical findings | A 59-year-old man with metastasized rectum cancer presents at the interdisciplinary emergency care unit with a distinct cyanosis of his face. At that moment the patient himself is out of any complaints. Cyanosis is spreading from his face over his neck to both arms. During the last months he has been treated with folinic acid, 5-fluoruracil, irinotecan and aflibercept via a port-catheter. Except for smoking his further medical history is unremarkable. Examinations | CT-scan shows a port-catheter associated thrombosis with a consecutive superior vena cava syndrome (SCVS)...
November 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851694/analgosedation-with-dexmedetomidine-in-a-patient-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-neurosurgery
#9
Vasilije Stambolija, Martina Miklić Bublić, Marin Lozić, Zvonka Gužvinec, Miroslav Vukić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847650/massive-thrombosis-of-the-right-atrium-extended-to-the-superior-vena-cava-at-the-diagnosis-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#10
Bienvenu Houssou, Gnon Gourou Orou-Guiwa, Rachida Habbal, Meryem Qachouh, Asmaa Quessar
Introduction. Venous thromboembolic disease is a common complication found in 8% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia. The location at the right atrium is exceptional. These last fifty years, only 6 cases of thrombosis of the atrium in the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia were published on PubMed search engine. Case Presentation. 35-year-old farmer, who had been admitted by emergency department for superior vena cava syndrome and had a hyperleukocytic AML with complex karyotype associated with a significant thrombosis of the right atrium, extended all along the superior vena cava...
2016: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843801/interrupted-aortic-arch-with-isolated-persistent-left-superior-vena-cava-in-patient-with-turners-syndrome
#11
M Obadah Kattea, Osama A Smettei, Abdulrahman Kattea, Rami M Abazid
We present a case of 13-year-old female with Turner syndrome (TS), who presented with unexplained lower limbs swelling and ejection systolic murmur at the left second intercostal space. Suspicion of mild aortic coarctation was made by echocardiography. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed a complete interruption of the aortic arch (IAA) below the left subclavian artery with persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) and absent right SVC, defined as an isolated PLSVC. The patient underwent successful surgical correction after unsuccessful trial of transcatheter stent placement...
October 2016: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817953/mechanically-assisted-bidirectional-cavopulmonary-shunt-in-neonates-and-infants-an-acute-human-pilot-study
#12
Osami Honjo, Sandra L Merklinger, John B Poe, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Hargen Zhang, Katherine L Taylor, Glen S Van Arsdell
OBJECTIVE: Poor survival following surgical palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) raises the question of the need for a paradigm shift. This is the first human study to investigate the possibility of primary "in-series" palliation in neonates and infants with HLHS in an acute setting with the aid of 2 types of mechanical assist: superior vena cava (SVC)-to-pulmonary artery (PA) pump assist and SVC-to-right atrium (RA) oxygenation assist. METHODS: By rearranging the cannula sites and flow rates for modified ultrafiltration, 2 types of mechanically assisted bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt (BCPS) circulation were simulated for 20 minutes...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812495/lung-cancer-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-diagnosed-by-intravascular-biopsy-using-ebus-tbna
#13
Daegeun Lee, Seong Mi Moon, Dongwuk Kim, Juwon Kim, Haseong Chang, Bumhee Yang, Suk Hyeon Jeong, Kyung Jong Lee
Since superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is a critical condition, immediate diagnostic approach and therapy are imperative to avoid potentially life-threatening complications. Here, we report a case of lung cancer with SVCS, which was diagnosed through intravascular tumor biopsy using endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). EBUS-TBNA enabled us to obtain tissue sufficient for diagnosis, without significant complications. Prompt diagnosis was followed by appropriate anticancer treatment and improvement in the symptoms...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797848/invasive-thymoma-presenting-as-classic-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-a-case-of-venous-spread-metastasis
#14
Prasan Kumar Panda, Naveet Wig, Sanjeev Kumar, Sudheer Arava
The approach to an intrinsic cause of superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is usually difficult but rewarding. We report a case of a middle-aged man who presented with progressive oedema of the upper half of the body, dyspnoea, cough and weight loss for a 1-year duration. He was a non-smoker without prior hospitalisation. Chest radiography showed right-sided pleural effusion with an apparent normal superior mediastinum. Contrast-enhanced CT of the chest revealed a right atrial mass extending and completely obliterating to superior vena cava...
October 26, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795778/-primary-mediastinal-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-women-about-five-cases
#15
Safaa Ouassou, Laila Herrak, Leila Achachi, Fatima Nachite, Kaoutar Znati, Mustapha El Ftouh
Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) is a lymphoma occurring in the anterior mediastinum starting from the cells B of the thymique medullary zone. This is a rare entity characterized by epidemiological, clinical and evolutionary peculiarities as well as by pathological and immunohistochemical peculiarities. We report a case series of 5 patients with diagnosed PMBL hospitalized in Pulmonology Department of Ibn Sina Hospital between January 2012 and May 2016. The average age was 34 years, the median of consultation time was 2 months...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790518/adult-idiopathic-renal-vein-thrombosis-mimicking-acute-pyelonephritis
#16
Arpan Choudhary, Prasenjit Majee, Rupesh Gupta, Supriyo Basu, Ranjit Kumar Das
Renal Vein Thrombosis (RVT) is a rarely encountered condition. It occurs due to a hypercoagulable state in the body, caused by nephrotic syndrome and membranous nephropathy in the adults. Mode of presentation is variable. In chronic form, it may remain silent for a long time and presenting later with symptoms of pedal oedema, varicocele, proteinuria. In acute state, it manifests as flank pain, nausea or haematuria. We present a case of 25-year-old male, with left sided flank pain, haematuria and nausea for 4 days...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788809/hepatic-venous-and-inferior-vena-cava-morphology-no-longer-a-barrier-to-living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-budd-chiari-syndrome-surgical-techniques-and-outcomes
#17
H Pahari, R J Chaudhary, S Thiagarajan, V Raut, R Babu, P Bhangui, S Goja, A Rastogi, V Vohra, A S Soin
BACKGROUND: Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) has been reported with <10 inferior vena cava (IVC) replacements with vascular/synthetic graft. The goal of this study was to review outcomes of LDLT for BCS at our center, with an emphasis on surgical techniques and postoperative anticoagulation therapy. METHODS: Between October 2011 and December 2015, a total of 1027 LDLTs were performed. Nine of these patients had BCS. We analyzed their etiologies, operative details, postoperative complications, and outcomes...
October 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788726/-clinical-features-of-malignant-tumor-liver-infiltration-with-liver-failure-as-initial-clinical-manifestation-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis-of-9-cases
#18
J P Liu, H B Ning, K Li, M Y Zhang, W Li, C S Mao, H W Wu, Y Kang, J Shang
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of patients with liver failure caused by tumor diffuse liver infiltration. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 1008 patients with liver failure who were admitted to our hospital from July 2009 to December 2015. Among these patients, 9 had acute liver failure caused by liver metastasis of malignant tumor. Their clinical manifestations, laboratory markers, clinical progress, and outcome were observed, and the clinical features were summarized...
September 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787368/living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-budd-chiari-syndrome-overcoming-a-troublesome-situation
#19
Cengiz Ara, Sami Akbulut, Volkan Ince, Serdar Karakas, Adil Baskiran, Sezai Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to report the detailed surgical techniques of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). METHODS: Demographic and surgical techniques characteristics of 39 patients with BCS who underwent LDLT were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-two of them had native vena cava inferior (VCI) preservation and 6 had retrohepatic VCI resection with venous continuity established by cryopreserved VCI (n = 4) or aortic graft (n = 2)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776720/identifying-different-causes-of-hyponatremia-with-fractional-excretion-of-uric-acid
#20
Louis J Imbriano, Joseph Mattana, James Drakakis, John K Maesaka
BACKGROUND: There is controversy over the prevalence of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) and cerebral or renal salt wasting (RSW), 2 syndromes with identical common clinical and laboratory parameters but different therapies. The traditional approach to the hyponatremic patient relies on volume assessment, but there are limitations to this method. METHODS: We used an algorithm that relies on fractional excretion of urate (FEurate) to evaluate patients with hyponatremia and present 4 illustrative cases...
October 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
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