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vena cava syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533642/hepatic-pseudolesion-in-svc-obstruction-99m-technetium-sulfur-colloid-scan-equivalent-of-quadrate-lobe-hot-spot-sign-on-computerized-tomography
#1
Reddy Ravikanth, Arun George, Babu Philip
An area of increased activity in segment IV of liver (quadrate lobe) on (99m)Tc-sulfur colloid (TSC) scans has been well documented in patients with superior vena cava obstruction. Similarly intense enhancement of the quadrate lobe in the arterial phase may be seen on computed tomography in patients of superior vena cava syndrome. We present this imaging finding in a case of malignant thymoma causing superior vena cava syndrome and discuss the physiological cause and importance of this sign.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512102/uncommon-presentation-of-adult-form-scimitar-syndrome-associated-with-single-left-pulmonary-vein-in-a-pregnant-woman
#2
Sarah Ali Althomali, Ashraf Ahmad Alhefny, Mohammad Salih Almalki
Scimitar syndrome is the constellation of malformations including an abnormal venous drainage of the right lung into the inferior vena cava, associated with the right lung and systemic supply to the right lung. The anomalous vein looks like the curved, Turkish sword (scimitar), hence the name.The adult form of scimitar syndrome is rare, and it is usually an incidental diagnosis based on the characteristic finding on radiological imaging since the patients are usually asymptomatic or with minimal symptoms.Our patient presented with a rare presentation of scimitar syndrome, which is tachyarrhythmia (sinus tachycardia, with episodes of supraventricular tachycardia)...
May 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511477/inferior-vena-cava-agenesis-a-rare-cause-of-pelvic-congestion-syndrome
#3
Satyendra Narayan Singh, Trilok C Bhatt
Complete absence of Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) is a rare anomaly with a reported incidence of 0.0005% to 1%. This is often asymptomatic with incidental detection during cross-sectional imaging. It may also present with deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary thromboembolism or compressive symptoms in form of nerve root compression. Pelvic Congestion Syndrome (PCS) is an increasingly recognized entity with well laid out diagnostic criteria and evolving management protocols. Complete absence of IVC is a rare cause of pelvic congestion syndrome...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501825/maternal-bradycardia-occurring-prior-to-onset-of-hellp-syndrome-in-a-woman-with-pre-eclampsia
#4
Ami Hosokawa, Takeshi Umazume, Takahiro Yamada, Hisanori Minakami
A 36-year-old nulliparous woman developed pre-eclampsia at gestational week (GW) 28(-6/7) Cardiac status was checked regularly. Heart rate of 93 beats per minute (bpm) with left atrial diameter (LAD) of 35 mm, left ventricular hypertrophy and inferior vena cava diameter (IVCD) of 8 mm at GW 32(-0/7) decreased to 48 bpm with an expanded IVCD to 25 mm, dilated left atrium (LAD to 39 mm), increased pulmonary arterial pressure, increased systemic vascular resistance (approximate 3000  dyn s/cm(5)) and biphasic intrarenal venous flow pattern 3...
May 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501315/endovascular-stenting-for-end-stage-lung-cancer-patients-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-post-first-line-treatments-a-single-center-experience-and-literature-review
#5
Tzu-Ting Kuo, Po-Lin Chen, Chun-Che Shih, I-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a major complication that occurs when a growing lung malignancy compresses the SVC extrinsically. Current treatment options include radiotherapy or chemotherapy to shrink the tumor or endovascular stenting of the SVC to restore flow. Herein, we report a case series treated in a single institution to demonstrate the safety, effectiveness, and outcomes of salvage and primary stenting for malignant SVC obstruction. METHODS: A total of 12 male patients with malignant superior vena cava obstruction caused by lung cancer underwent SVC stenting from October 2009 to May 2015...
May 10, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491778/substernal-icd-lead-implantation-in-a-patient-not-suitable-for-subcutaneous-icd-implantation-without-venous-access-due-to-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#6
Rohit E Bhagwandien, Charles Kik, Sing-Chien Yap, Tamas Szili-Torok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: HeartRhythm Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484121/endovascular-treatment-of-concomitant-obstructions-of-a-denver-drainage-catheter-and-superior-vena-cava-in-a-patient-with-liver-cirrhosis
#7
Chih-Hung Lai, Wei-Chun Chang, Tsun-Jui Liu, Wen-Lieng Lee, Chieh-Shou Su
With the increased use of intravascular catheters and devices, they have become the major non-malignant cause of superior vein cava (SVC) syndrome. We report a patient with liver cirrhosis who had received a peritoneovenous drainage catheter for refractory ascites, and then developed SVC syndrome because of concomitant occlusions of both the SVC and the drainage catheter. The patient regained patency of both the occluded vessel and the drainage catheter through percutaneous transluminal venoplasty, and there was dramatic improvement of clinical symptoms and good performance of the drainage catheter...
May 8, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483616/endovascular-treatment-of-an-unusual-membranous-obstruction-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-in-budd-chiari-syndrome-complicated-by-mural-portal-vein-thrombosis
#8
Wen-Guang Zhang, Dong-Mei Liu, Xin-Wei Han, Jian-Zhuang Ren, Peng-Li Zhou, Zhong-Gao Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479442/superior-vena-cava-reconstruction-using-femoropopliteal-vein-as-a-panel-graft
#9
M Mujeeb Zubair, Cassidy A Duran, Eric K Peden
There has been an increase in superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome secondary to the growinguse of indwelling catheters and pacemaker wire insertions. These two factors can account up to 74 % cases of benign SVC syndrome. Endovascular therapy is considered the first line of treatment. Surgery is an excellent option and is generally reserved for SVC syndrome not amenable to traditional endovascular procedures. We report a case of central venous reconstruction including an SVC reconstruction using the femorpopliteal vein (FPV) as a panel graft in a patient with SVC syndrome due to pacemaker wires who failed multiple endovascular interventions...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471969/long-term-recurrence-free-survival-of-adrenocortical-cancer-extending-into-the-inferior-vena-cava-and-right-atrium-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Abdulaziz Alghulayqah, Naif Alghasab, Tarik Amin, Nora Alkahtani, Rafif Farhat, Ali S Alzahrani
CONTEXT: Adrenocortical cancer (ACC) is rare but frequently fatal malignancy. Tumor extension into the inferior vena cava signifies an advanced stage (stage III) of the disease and is frequently associated with high risk of recurrence and short-term survival. OBJECTIVE: To present the surgical and medical management of an unusual case of ACC with IVC invasion up to the right atrium. He has the longest reported tumor-free survival of such a situation. We also reviewed and summarized the literature of similar cases...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469339/hepatic-pseudolesion-due-to-vein-of-sappey-in-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#11
Shitalmala Devi, Thangjam Gautam Singh, Reema Ningthoukhongjam
One of the common causes of superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is malignancy of the lung. The invasion of SVC leads to opening of the various venous channels for continuation of the blood flow from upper extremity and proximal trunk and finally draining into right atrium. Vein of Sappey is one of these channels and it causes focal striking enhancement in segment IV of the liver on arterial phase of contrast computed tomography (CT). This enhancement causes diagnostic difficulty and unnecessary biopsy due to misinterpretation of it as a secondary from lung cancer...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467587/beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-related-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-and-bleeding-downhill-varices-a-rare-complication
#12
Bülent Yaşar, Gamze Kılıçoğlu
Obstruction of the superior vena cava (SVC) due to any cause results in development of venous collaterals in the upper part of the esophagus, known as "downhill" varices. Although rare, bleeding can be life-threatening. Presently described is case of Behçet's diseaserelated SVC occlusion in a patient who presented with gastrointestinal bleeding from upper esophageal varices.
March 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467339/the-primitive-extratesticular-seminoma-diagnosis-of-a-rare-pathology
#13
Luca Saba
 Background: The Primitive Extratesticular Seminoma is a very rare condition and represents 3% of germ cell tumors; it is an indeterminate origin disease, whose diagnosis is often complicated by a nonspecific and highly variable clinical finding. CASE PRESENTATION: A caucasian 55 years old male, non-smoker, arrived to our centre with cough, severe respiratory distress and dysphagia, in a context of the superior vena cava syndrome. A Computed Tomography was performed, which shows the presence of a mediastinal anterior mass with aorto-pulmonary window and left paracardiac invasion...
April 28, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454250/intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-to-treat-primary-female-mediastinal-seminoma-and-massive-pericardial-effusion-a-case-report
#14
Jun Cao, Yan Zhou, Fangwen Zou, Jin-An Ma, Chunhong Hu
Primary mediastinal seminoma is a rare extragonadal germ cell tumour that mainly occurs in males. The present study reports the case of a 27-year-old woman that presented with superior vena cava syndrome and a large mass in the mediastinum, which was diagnosed as primary female mediastinal seminoma. The patient received 6 cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy [4 cycles BEP chemotherapy (120 mg cisplatin, 0.45 g etoposide and 60 mg bleomycin, once every 3 weeks); 2 cycles IEP chemotherapy (120 mg cisplatin, 100 mg epirubicin and 6 g ifosfamide, once every 3 weeks)] and the patient showed an increase in the size of the mediastinal mass and hydropericardium, indicating a resistance to chemotherapy...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449480/reconstruction-of-mediastinal-vessels-for-invasive-thymoma-a-retrospective-analysis-of-25-cases
#15
Yifeng Sun, Chang Gu, Jianxin Shi, Wentao Fang, Qingquan Luo, Dingzhong Hu, Shijie Fu, Xufeng Pan, Yong Chen, Yu Yang, Haitang Yang, Heng Zhao, Haiquan Chen
BACKGROUND: Discuss an appropriate strategy for treatment of invasive thymoma invading adjacent great vessels. METHODS: A retrospective study on 25 patients with invasive thymoma invading neighboring great vessels was performed. The corresponding data including clinical presentation, operation procedure, adjuvant radio-chemotherapy and follow-up were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty of 25 (80%) patients with invasive thymoma underwent complete resection of the tumor along with vessel reconstruction...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442532/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-simvastatin-during-the-resolution-phase-of-experimentally-formed-venous-thrombi
#16
Yaping Feng, Bo Lei, Fuxian Zhang, Luyuan Niu, Huan Zhang, Mingyi Zhang
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common vascular disease and is closely linked to inflammation. Over the past decade, the potential antithrombotic effect of statins has been elucidated by clinical studies, primarily through focusing on DVT prevention. The effects of statins on DVT resolution and its underlying mechanisms have been rarely addressed. We established a rabbit model of the inferior vena cava (IVC) venous thrombosis. After 48 hours, the rabbits were treated with saline, heparin, simvastatin, or simvastatin combined with heparin, respectively, for 14 days...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433046/-the-risks-of-retroperitoneoscopic-adrenalectomy
#17
P Zonča, M Peteja, P Vávra, V Richter, P Ostruszka
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive adrenalectomy has become the gold standard for surgery of the suprarenal gland. Retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy with dorsal approach is preferred. The aim of our case report is to discuss potential complications that may arise from retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy, specifically an intra-operative injury of the inferior vena cava. CASE REPORT: A 47-year-old male patient was admitted to undergo elective adrenalectomy on the right side...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430541/a-comprehensive-approach-to-hepatic-vascular-disease
#18
Khaled M Elsayes, Akram M Shaaban, Sarah M Rothan, Sanaz Javadi, Beatrice L Madrazo, Rosa P Castillo, Victor J Casillas, Christine O Menias
The liver has a complex vascular supply, which involves the inflow of oxygenated blood through the hepatic artery (systemic circulation) and deoxygenated blood through the portal vein (portal circulation), as well as the outflow of deoxygenated blood through the hepatic veins to the inferior vena cava. A spectrum of vascular variants can involve the liver. Some of these variants may result in areas of enhancement that can mimic more serious pathologic conditions. In this article, the authors discuss a spectrum of variants and pathologic conditions that may involve the liver vasculature...
May 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429206/stent-insertion-for-malignant-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-effectiveness-and-long-term-outcome
#19
Su Niu, Yuan-Shun Xu, Long Cheng, Chi Cao
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical effectiveness and long-term outcome of stent insertion for malignant superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2010 to April 2016, 47 patients with malignant SVC syndrome were treated with stent insertion in our center. Data regarding the technical success, clinical success, and long-term outcome were collected and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: SVC stent insertion was successfully performed in all patients...
April 20, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424043/nutcracker-syndrome-case-report-on-the-management-of-recurrent-stenosis-after-stenting
#20
Natasha Hansraj, Abdul Hamdi, Ali Khalifeh, Eric Wise, Rajabrata Sarkar, Shahab Toursavadkohi
Nutcracker syndrome is a clinical entity leading to renal venous hypertension due to extrinsic compression of the left renal vein by the superior mesenteric artery. Current surgical therapy involves placement of an oversized renal vein stent with partial protrusion into the inferior vena cava (IVC) to relieve stenosis and prevent stent migration. Here, we present a patient with intractable pain and hematuria secondary to nutcracker syndrome who underwent left renal vein stent placement and developed recurrent symptoms due to flow-limiting kinking at the left renal hilum, with partial obstruction of the IVC from pseudointimal hyperplasia...
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
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