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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628928/-accurate-oct-angiography-interpretation-detection-and-exclusion-of-artifacts
#1
Gabriele E Lang, Christian Enders, Max Loidl, Gerhard K Lang, Jens Ulrich Werner
Background Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) provides, non-invasively, a three-dimensional visualization of the microvasculature of the retina and choroid. However, image artifacts may occur in OCTA and have an impact on clinical interpretation. The aim of this article is to describe image artifacts of OCTA and to present a nomenclature. Methods OCTA examinations were performed with the AngioPlex(™) OCTA-technology in combination with the CIRRUS HD-OCT 5000 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, USA) as well as with the PlexElite 9000 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc...
June 19, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622429/synthesis-and-antigenic-evaluation-of-oligosaccharide-mimics-of-vi-antigen-from-salmonella-typhi
#2
Xinshan Ye, Gao-Lan Zhang, Lin Yang, Jingjing Zhu
Salmonella typhi is responsible for typhoid fever, which is a serious health threat in developing countries. As a virulent factor of Salmonella typhi, the purified Vi polysaccharide (Vi PS) has become an effective vaccine to combat typhoid fever. The chemical synthesis can provide homogeneous and well-defined molecules for the development of Vi-based vaccines. However, the synthesis of Vi oligosaccharides in high yields and with exclusive α-stereoselectivities remains very challenging. In this paper, a series of Vi pseudooligosaccharides, including pseudo tetra-, hexa-, and octa-saccharides were efficiently synthesized...
June 16, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622398/axial-length-variation-impacts-on-superficial-retinal-vessel-density-and-foveal-avascular-zone-area-measurements-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#3
Danuta M Sampson, Peijun Gong, Di An, Moreno Menghini, Alex Hansen, David A Mackey, David D Sampson, Fred K Chen
Purpose: To evaluate the impact of image magnification correction on superficial retinal vessel density (SRVD) and foveal avascular zone area (FAZA) measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: Participants with healthy retinas were recruited for ocular biometry, refraction, and RTVue XR Avanti OCTA imaging with the 3 × 3-mm protocol. The foveal and parafoveal SRVD and FAZA were quantified with custom software before and after correction for magnification error using the Littman and the modified Bennett formulae...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615716/lipid-vesicles-containing-transferrin-receptor-binding-peptide-tfr-t12-and-octa-arginine-conjugate-stearyl-r8-efficiently-treat-brain-glioma-along-with-glioma-stem-cells
#4
Li-Min Mu, Ying-Zi Bu, Lei Liu, Hong-Jun Xie, Rui-Jun Ju, Jia-Shuan Wu, Fan Zeng, Yao Zhao, Jing-Ying Zhang, Wan-Liang Lu
Surgery and radiotherapy cannot fully remove brain glioma; thus, chemotherapy continues to play an important role in treatment of this illness. However, because of the restriction of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the regeneration of glioma stem cells, post-chemotherapy relapse usually occurs. Here, we report a potential solution to these issues that involves a type of novel multifunctional vinblastine liposomes equipped with transferrin receptor binding peptide TfR-T12 and octa-arginine conjugate stearyl-R8...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613361/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-of-venous-loops-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#5
Chiara Giuffrè, Adriano Carnevali, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Lea Querques, Giuseppe Querques, Francesco Bandello
Venous loops are relatively rare manifestations of diabetic retinopathy. The authors describe a case characterized by the development of a venous loop during a 3-year period. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) revealed a hyperintense signal from the lesion, attesting an ordinary flow into the venous loop. OCTA also showed an area of capillary loss in proximity of the lesion, which is in agreement with the proposed pathogenesis for venous loops, developed to bypass an area of retinal vessels occlusion...
June 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613359/octa-imaging-of-choroidal-neovascular-membrane-secondary-to-toxoplasma-retinochoroiditis
#6
Fatih Mehmet Türkcü, Alparslan Şahin, Harun Yüksel, Muhammed Şahin, Ümit Karaalp
Two patients (a 37-year-old man and a 28-year-old woman) who had choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM) secondary to inactive toxoplasma retinochoroiditis scarring were evaluated. Multimodal imaging including fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and OCT angiography (OCTA) was used. CNVM secondary to inactive toxoplasma retinochoroiditis scarring was detected. Representative images of CNVM were demonstrated in the outer retinal layer and choriocapillary layer on OCTA. OCTA, a relatively new technique, is useful in the diagnosis of the CNVMs secondary to retinochoroiditis...
June 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613358/oct-angiography-assessment-of-retinal-ischemia-in-susac-s-syndrome
#7
Karina Spiess, Jesús Ramón García Martínez
Descriptive study of two patients affected by Susac's syndrome (SuS) focusing on the chronic retinal tissue damage assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA). To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case series reporting OCTA in SuS. OCTA imaging revealed secondary hypoxia due to branch retinal artery occlusion of the deep capillary plexus, with additional involvement of the superficial capillary network in one case. OCTA is a noninvasive and quick diagnostic tool for detecting hypoxic retinal damage in SuS...
June 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613354/the-quantitative-measurements-of-vascular-density-and-flow-areas-of-macula-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-normal-volunteers
#8
Fariba Ghassemi, Kaveh Fadakar, Fatemeh Bazvand, Reza Mirshahi, Masoumeh Mohebbi, Siamak Sabour
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The quantification of the density of macular vascular networks and blood flow areas in the foveal and parafoveal area in healthy subjects using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, prospective study in an institutional setting at the Retina Services of Farabi Eye Hospital. One hundred twelve normal volunteers with no known ocular or systemic disease were included, including patient numbers (one or both eyes), selection procedures, inclusion/exclusion criteria, randomization procedure, and masking...
June 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613216/polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-upon-optical-coherence-tomographic-angiography
#9
Szy Yann Chan, Qian Wang, Ya Xing Wang, Xue Hui Shi, Jost B Jonas, Wen Bin Wei
PURPOSE: To study polypoidal lesions and branching choroidal vascular networks in eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy by optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based angiography (OCTA). METHODS: In the observational cross-sectional study, patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, as diagnosed by indocyanine green angiography, underwent OCTA. RESULTS: Thirty-two eyes of 31 patients with an age of 61.1 ± 7.6 years were included. Branching choroidal vascular networks were detected by indocyanine green angiography and OCTA in 25 of 32 (78 ± 73%) and in 30 of 32 (94 ± 4%) eyes, respectively, with a marginally significant difference (P = 0...
May 22, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607994/unusual-undecanuclear-heterobimetallic-zn4ln7-ln-gd-dy-nano-sized-clusters-encapsulating-two-peroxide-anions-through-spontaneous-intake-of-dioxygen
#10
Hongshan Ke, Xiaohua Lu, Wen Wei, Wenyuan Wang, Gang Xie, Sanping Chen
The synthesis, characterization and properties of two unprecedented undecanuclear heterobimetallic Zn4Ln7 complexes of formula [Zn4Ln7(L)8(O2)2(OH)4(Cl)4(H2O)4]·Cl·4H2O·4CH3CN (Ln = Gd (1), Dy (2)) encapsulating two peroxide anions are presented, representing a very rare example of a 3d-peroxo-Ln system and expanding the realm of metal-peroxo complexes. These eleven metal ions are arranged in a peculiar structural motif, where Zn4 is located at the peripheral shell wrapping Ln7 in the inner core. The Zn ions are penta-coordinate in all cases, linked to the NO2 donor atoms from the L(2-) ligand and to a hydroxyl group, and the apical position is occupied by a chloride anion...
June 13, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607772/dark-signals-in-the-choroidal-vasculature-on-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-an-artefact-or-not
#11
REVIEW
Rui Hua, Hailin Wang
Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) based on mathematical processing of sequentially acquired structural OCT images has been applied widely in both retinal and choroidal research and may have advantages over traditional angiography. Images obtained by OCTA are rendered under the assumption that the only moving entity in the retina is blood flow. Optical phenomena and image processing algorithms may create imaging artefacts. Therefore, OCTA images require careful interpretation. This review discusses the dark signals seen in the choroidal vasculature on OCTA using multiple factor analysis...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600299/evaluation-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiographic-findings-in-alzheimer-s-type-dementia
#12
Mehmet Bulut, Fatma Kurtuluş, Onursal Gözkaya, Muhammet Kazım Erol, Ayşe Cengiz, Melih Akıdan, Aylin Yaman
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To identify the retinal vascular pathologies in patients with Alzheimer's type dementia (ATD) through optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) imaging. METHODS: Our study included 26 patients in the patient group, and age-matched and sex-matched 26 subjects in the control group. A detailed ophthalmological and neurological examination was performed for all subjects included in the study. The retinal, choroidal vascular structures and choroidal thickness (CT) of all subjects were analysed in a detailed way with a commercial spectral domain OCTA...
June 9, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596917/assessment-of-vascular-change-using-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-a-new-theory-explains-central-visual-loss-in-behcet-s-disease
#13
Thanapong Somkijrungroj, Sritatath Vongkulsiri, Wijak Kongwattananon, Peranut Chotcomwongse, Sasivarin Luangpitakchumpol, Korrawan Jaisuekul
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate retinal vascular structural change in ocular Behcet's using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and fluorescein angiography (FA). METHODS: An analytic cross-sectional study of 37 eyes of 21 Behcet's uveitic patients was performed. Foveal retinal thickness (FRT), perifoveal hypoperfusion areas in superficial capillary plexus (SCP), and deep capillary plexus (DCP) were measured with swept-source optical coherence tomography and OCTA...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593369/miniaturised-sample-preparation-method-for-the-multiresidual-determination-of-regulated-organohalogenated-pollutants-and-related-compounds-in-wild-bird-eggs
#14
Jose L Roscales, Alba Vicente, Lourdes Ramos, Begoña Jiménez
A simplified, miniaturised matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD)-based method allowing the simultaneous extraction and purification of contaminants belonging to selected families of regulated persistent organic pollutants (POPs), i.e. polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and penta- to octa-polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and related contaminants of emerging concern, such as deca-BDE and Dechlorane Plus (DP), has been proposed. Wild bird eggs were used as biotic fat-containing model matrices...
June 7, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590317/neovascularization-secondary-to-high-myopia-imaged-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#15
Elsa Bruyère, Alexandra Miere, Salomon Yves Cohen, David Martiano, Anne Sikorav, Andrada Popeanga, Oudy Semoun, Giuseppe Querques, Eric H Souied
PURPOSE: To describe the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) characteristics of active myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and to compare its sensitivity versus fluorescein angiography and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. METHODS: Consecutive highly myopic patients complicated with active myopic CNV were prospectively included. The OCTA features were analyzed and correlated with the findings of conventional imaging (spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and fluorescein angiography)...
January 11, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585966/photoinduced-electron-transfer-across-an-organic-molecular-wall-octa-acid-encapsulated-esipt-dyes-as-electron-donors
#16
Fabiano S Santos, Elamparuthi Ramasamy, V Ramamurthy, Fabiano S Rodembusch
Efficient photoinduced electron transfer from proton transfer dyes encapsulated within water soluble supramolecular host octa acid to electron acceptors present outside the capsule was observed in aqueous solution. N-Methylpyridinium iodide was found to be the best acceptor compared to 4,4'-dimethylviologen dichloride, most likely due to its better binding with the exterior of the host octa acid walls.
June 14, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584883/projection-artifact-removal-improves-visualization-and-quantitation-of-macular-neovascularization-imaged-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#17
Qinqin Zhang, Anqi Zhang, Cecilia S Lee, Aaron Y Lee, Kasra A Rezaei, Luiz Roisman, Andrew Miller, Fang Zheng, Giovani Gregori, Mary K Durbin, Lin An, Paul F Stetson, Philip J Rosenfeld, Ruikang K Wang
PURPOSE: To visualize and quantify the size and vessel density of macular neovascularization (MNV) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) with a projection artifact removal algorithm. DESIGN: Multicenter, observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects with MNV in at least one eye. METHODS: Patients were imaged using either a swept-source OCT angiography (SS-OCTA) prototype system or a spectral-domain OCT angiography (SD-OCTA) prototype system...
March 2017: Ophthalmology retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584395/effect-of-amifostine-a-radiation-protecting-drug-on-oxygen-concentration-in-tissue-measured-by-epr-oximetry-and-imaging
#18
Megumi Ueno, Shingo Matsumoto, Atsuko Matsumoto, Sushma Manda, Ikuo Nakanishi, Ken-Ichiro Matsumoto, James B Mitchell, Murali C Krishna, Kazunori Anzai
Effect of amifostine, a radiation-protecting drug, on muscle tissue partial pressure of oxygen was investigated by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging. When amifostine was administered intraperitoneally or intravenously to mice, the linewidth of the electron paramagnetic resonance spectra of the lithium octa-n-butoxy-substituted naphthalocyanine implanted in the mouse leg muscle decreased. Electron paramagnetic resonance oximetry using a lithium octa-n-butoxy-substituted naphthalocyanine probe and electron paramagnetic resonance oxygen mapping using a triarylmethyl radical paramagnetic probe was useful to quantify pressure of oxygen in the tissues of living mice...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579843/optical-coherence-tomographic-angiography-imaging-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#19
REVIEW
Jeffrey Ma, Ria Desai, Peter Nesper, Manjot Gill, Amani Fawzi, Dimitra Skondra
Optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCTA) is emerging as a rapid, noninvasive imaging modality that can provide detailed structural and flow information on retinal and choroidal vasculature. This review contains an introduction of OCTA and summarizes the studies to date on OCTA imaging in age-related macular degeneration.
2017: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579550/the-application-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-retinal-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Kumar Sambhav, Sandeep Grover, K V Chalam
Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a new, non-invasive imaging technique that generates real time volumetric data of chorioretinal vasculature and its flow pattern. With the advent of high-speed optical coherence tomography, established en-face chorioretinal segmentation, and efficient algorithms, OCTA generate images that resembles an angiogram. The principle of OCTA involves determining the change in backscattering between consecutive B-scans and then attributing the differences to the flow of erythrocytes through retinal blood vessels...
June 1, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
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