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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079756/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-changes-in-early-type-3-neovascularization-after-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-treatment
#1
Alexandra Miere, Giuseppe Querques, Oudy Semoun, Francesca Amoroso, Olivia Zambrowski, Thibaut Chapron, Vittorio Capuano, Eric H Souied
PURPOSE: To investigate the morphologic changes on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) of treatment-naive Type 3 neovascularization secondary to exudative age-related macular degeneration after 1 year of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy. METHODS: Consecutive patients diagnosed with treatment-naive early-stage Type 3 neovascularization were enrolled in this retrospective study. All patients underwent color fundus photographs/MultiColor (Heidelberg Engineering) imaging, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, structural spectral domain OCT, and OCTA Optovue RTVue XR Avanti (Optovue) at baseline, and repeated OCTA and structural spectral domain OCT at Month 12...
January 10, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070579/dy-iii-carboxylate-chain-containing-quasi-d5h-sites-exhibits-enhanced-energy-barrier-for-magnetization-reversal
#2
Guo-Jun Zhou, You-Song Ding, Yan-Zhen Zheng
A slight modification of the coordinating solvent molecule induced a change in the local symmetry at one of the metal sites of a Dy(iii)-carboxylate chain complex from quasi-D5h (hepta-coordinated) to C2v (octa-coordinated). This afforded an effective energy barrier for magnetization reversal, which was significantly changed from 403.6 K (diluted) to about 7.5 K.
January 10, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068466/controlling-self-assembling-peptide-hydrogel-properties-through-network-topology
#3
Jie Gao, Claire Tang, Andrew M Smith, Aline Fiona Miller, Alberto Saiani
Self-assembling peptide based hydrogels have encountered increasing interest in the recent years as scaffolds for 3D cell culture or for controlled drug delivery. One of the main challenges is the fine control of the mechanical properties of these materials. The bulk properties of hydrogel not only depend on the intrinsic properties of the fibres but also on the network topology formed. In this work we show how fibre-fibre interactions can be manipulated by design to control the final hydrogels network topology and therefore control the final properties of the material...
January 9, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068435/adaptive-optics-reveals-photoreceptor-abnormalities-in-diabetic-macular-ischemia
#4
Peter L Nesper, Fabio Scarinci, Amani A Fawzi
Diabetic macular ischemia (DMI) is a phenotype of diabetic retinopathy (DR) associated with chronic hypoxia of retinal tissue. The goal of this prospective observational study was to report evidence of photoreceptor abnormalities using adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (AOSLO) in eyes with DR in the setting of deep capillary plexus (DCP) non-perfusion. Eleven eyes from 11 patients (6 women, age 31-68), diagnosed with DR without macular edema, underwent optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and AOSLO imaging...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068370/visualization-of-radial-peripapillary-capillaries-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-the-effect-of-image-averaging
#5
Shelley Mo, Erika Phillips, Brian D Krawitz, Reena Garg, Sarwat Salim, Lawrence S Geyman, Eleni Efstathiadis, Joseph Carroll, Richard B Rosen, Toco Y P Chui
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of image registration and averaging on the visualization and quantification of the radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) network on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Twenty-two healthy controls were imaged with a commercial OCTA system (AngioVue, Optovue, Inc.). Ten 10x10° scans of the optic disc were obtained, and the most superficial layer (50-μm slab extending from the inner limiting membrane) was extracted for analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062428/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-and-fundus-autofluorescence-in-the-eyes-with-choroideremia
#6
Maki Kato, Ichiro Maruko, Hideki Koizumi, Tomohiro Iida
A 65-year-old man with presumed choroideremia with preserved central vision was examined by fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). FAF showed an isolated area of hyperautofluorescence that involved the fovea. Although the choroid capillary slab of the OCTA showed the medium and large choroidal vessels inferior to the area of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) atrophy, the choriocapillaris was visible in a relatively wider area than the hyperautofluorescent area in the FAF images...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060397/swept-source-oct-angiography-shows-sparing-of-the-choriocapillaris-in-multiple-evanescent-white-dot-syndrome
#7
Nicolas A Yannuzzi, Swarup S Swaminathan, Fang Zheng, Andrew Miller, Giovanni Gregori, Janet L Davis, Philip J Rosenfeld
Two women with unilateral vision loss from multiple evanescent white dot syndrome were imaged serially with swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). En face wide-field structural images revealed peripapillary outer photoreceptor disruption better than conventional fundus autofluorescence imaging. OCT angiography (OCTA) imaging showed preservation of flow within the retinal vasculature and choriocapillaris. As OCTA imaging of the choriocapillaris continues to evolve, these images may lay the groundwork for future investigation...
January 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060396/vascular-features-of-full-thickness-macular-hole-by-oct-angiography
#8
Stanislao Rizzo, Alfonso Savastano, Daniela Bacherini, Maria Cristina Savastano
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To compare the features of cystoid cavities associated with full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) imaged with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and en face OCT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective, observational, cross-sectional study. Clinical practice and observation. Thirteen patients (13 eyes) with FTMH were evaluated before vitrectomy. All eyes underwent OCTA or en face OCT imaging. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant positive correlation between groups for the total cavity area in both inner nuclear layer (P < ...
January 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059209/enhanced-visualization-of-peripheral-retinal-vasculature-with-wavefront-sensorless-adaptive-optics-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-diabetic-patients
#9
James Polans, David Cunefare, Eli Cole, Brenton Keller, Priyatham S Mettu, Scott W Cousins, Michael J Allingham, Joseph A Izatt, Sina Farsiu
Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a promising technique for non-invasive visualization of vessel networks in the human eye. We debut a system capable of acquiring wide field-of-view (>70°) OCT angiograms without mosaicking. Additionally, we report on enhancing the visualization of peripheral microvasculature using wavefront sensorless adaptive optics (WSAO). We employed a fast WSAO algorithm that enabled wavefront correction in <2  s by iterating the mirror shape at the speed of OCT B-scans rather than volumes...
January 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059135/labeling-and-in-vivo-visualization-of-transplanted-adipose-tissue-derived-stem-cells-with-safe-cadmium-free-aqueous-zns-coating-of-zns-agins2-nanoparticles
#10
Yusuke Ogihara, Hiroshi Yukawa, Tatsuya Kameyama, Hiroyasu Nishi, Daisuke Onoshima, Tetsuya Ishikawa, Tsukasa Torimoto, Yoshinobu Baba
The facile synthesis of ZnS-AgInS2 (ZAIS) as cadmium-free QDs and their application, mainly in solar cells, has been reported by our groups. In the present study, we investigated the safety and the usefulness for labeling and in vivo imaging of a newly synthesized aqueous ZnS-coated ZAIS (ZnS-ZAIS) carboxylated nanoparticles (ZZC) to stem cells. ZZC shows the strong fluorescence in aqueous solutions such as PBS and cell culture medium, and a complex of ZZC and octa-arginine (R8) peptides (R8-ZZC) can achieve the highly efficient labeling of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs)...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036187/molecular-dynamics-simulation-of-alkylthiol-self-assembled-monolayers-on-liquid-mercury
#11
Anton Iakovlev, Dmitry Bedrov, Marcus Mueller
We report computer simulation of the self-assembly of alkylthiols on the surface of liquid mercury. Here we focus mainly on the alkylthiol behavior on mercury as a function of the surfactant surface coverage, which we study by means of large-scale Molecular Dynamics simulations of the equilibrium structure at room temperature. The majority of the presented results are obtained for octa- and dodecanethiol surfactants. This topic is particularly interesting because the properties of the alkylthiol self-assembled monolayers on liquid mercury are relevant for practical applications (e...
December 30, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025892/tandem-peptide-based-on-structural-modification-of-poly-arginine-for-enhancing-tumor-targeting-efficiency-and-therapeutic-effect
#12
Yayuan Liu, Zhengze Lu, Ling Mei, Qianwen Yu, Xiaowei Tai, Yang Wang, Kairong Shi, Zhirong Zhang, Qin He
The non-selectivity of cell penetrating peptides had greatly limited the application in systemic administration. By conjugating a dGR motif to the C-terminal of octa-arginine, the formed tandem peptide R8-dGR had been proved to specifically recognize both integrin αvβ3 and neuropilin-1 receptors. However, the positive charge of poly-arginine would still inevitably lead to rapid clearance in the circulation system. Therefore in this study, we tried to reduce the positive charge of poly-arginine by decreasing the number of arginine, thus to achieve improved tumor targeting efficiency...
December 27, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013469/bacterial-communities-associated-with-anaerobic-debromination-of-decabromodiphenyl-ether-from-mangrove-sediment
#13
Chu-Wen Yang, Ching-Chang Lee, His Ku, Bea-Ven Chang
This study evaluated decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) anaerobic debromination and bacterial community changes in mangrove sediment. BDE-209 debromination rates were enhanced with zerovalent iron compared to without zerovalent iron in the sediment. BDE-209 debromination rates in microcosms constructed with sediments collected in autumn were higher than in microcosms constructed with sediments collected in spring and were higher at the Bali sampling site than the Guandu sampling site. The intermediate products resulting from the reductive debromination of BDE-209 in sediment were nona-BDE (BDE-206, BDE-207), octa-BDEs (BDE-196, BDE-197), hepta-BDEs (BDE-183, BDE-184, BDE-191), hexa-BDEs (BDE-137, BDE-138, BDE-154, BDE-157), penta-BDEs (BDE-85, BDE-99, BDE-100, BDE-126), tetra-BDEs (BDE-47, BDE-49, BDE-66, BDE-77), tri-BDEs (BDE-17, BDE-28), and di-BDEs (BDE-15)...
December 24, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005669/correlation-of-multimodal-imaging-in-sickle-cell-retinopathy
#14
Khalil Ghasemi Falavarjani, Adrienne W Scott, Kang Wang, Ian C Han, Xuejing Chen, Michael Klufas, Jean-Pierre Hubschman, Steven D Schwartz, Srinivas R Sadda, David Sarraf, Irena Tsui
PURPOSE: To correlate macular findings on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) with quantitative ischemic index calculations on ultra-wide-field fluorescein angiography (UWFFA) in patients with sickle cell retinopathy. METHODS: In this retrospective case series, SDOCT, OCTA, and UWFFA images of patients with sickle cell retinopathy were evaluated. Eyes were staged based on the Goldberg classification of proliferative sickle cell retinopathy...
December 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005667/an-automatic-intercapillary-area-based-algorithm-for-quantifying-diabetes-related-capillary-dropout-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#15
Julia Schottenhamml, Eric M Moult, Stefan Ploner, ByungKun Lee, Eduardo A Novais, Emily Cole, Sabin Dang, Chen D Lu, Lennart Husvogt, Nadia K Waheed, Jay S Duker, Joachim Hornegger, James G Fujimoto
PURPOSE: To develop a robust, sensitive, and fully automatic algorithm to quantify diabetes-related capillary dropout using optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography (OCTA). METHODS: A 1,050-nm wavelength, 400 kHz A-scan rate swept-source optical coherence tomography prototype was used to perform volumetric optical coherence tomography angiography imaging over 3 mm × 3 mm fields in normal controls (n = 5), patients with diabetes without diabetic retinopathy (DR) (n = 7), patients with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) (n = 9), and patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) (n = 5); for each patient, one eye was imaged...
December 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005666/clinical-trial-endpoints-for-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#16
Emily D Cole, Daniela Ferrara, Eduardo A Novais, Ricardo N Louzada, Nadia K Waheed
PURPOSE: To describe qualitative and quantitative optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography (OCTA) parameters for choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and their applicability as potential clinical trial endpoints. METHODS: A review of current literature related to the topic of OCTA and AMD. RESULTS: There are a number of promising OCTA parameters that can be used to diagnose the presence of CNV and to monitor the activity and progression of the lesion, pre- and post-treatment morphological characteristics, CNV dimensions, and automated quantitative parameters such as vessel density...
December 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005659/swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-reveals-choriocapillaris-alterations-in-eyes-with-nascent-geographic-atrophy-and-drusen-associated-geographic-atrophy
#17
Eric M Moult, Nadia K Waheed, Eduardo A Novais, WooJhon Choi, ByungKun Lee, Stefan B Ploner, Emily D Cole, Ricardo N Louzada, Chen D Lu, Philip J Rosenfeld, Jay S Duker, James G Fujimoto
PURPOSE: To investigate choriocapillaris (CC) alteration in patients with nascent geographic atrophy (nGA) and/or drusen-associated geographic atrophy (DAGA) using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: A 1,050-nm wavelength, 400 kHz A-scan rate swept-source optical coherence tomography prototype was used to perform volumetric swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography over 6 mm × 6 mm fields of view in patients with nGA and/or DAGA...
December 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003976/application-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-assessment-of-posterior-scleral-reinforcement-for-pathologic-myopia
#18
Jing Mo, An-Li Duan, Szy-Yann Chan, Xue-Fei Wang, Wen-Bin Wei
AIM: To investigate the effect of posterior scleral reinforcement (PSR) on circulation of pathologic myopia eyes with posterior staphyloma by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: The study included 30 pathologic myopia eyes with posterior staphyloma which underwent PSR (PSR group) for 6 to 18mo ago, and 30 age and myopia matched eyes without PSR surgery as control group. Macular, choriocapillaris and radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) flow density were measured by OCTA, and the measurements were compared between groups...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002271/reproducibility-and-reliability-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-for-foveal-avascular-zone-evaluation-and-measurement-in-different-settings
#19
Carlo La Spina, Adriano Carnevali, Alessandro Marchese, Giuseppe Querques, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) allows delineating the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) easily and noninvasively. The present study aims to test reproducibility and reliability of FAZ evaluation by means of OCTA in different settings. METHODS: Twenty-four eyes of 24 normal subjects were investigated using AngioVue OCTA Imaging System. A series of OCTA acquisitions were taken both in basal and in different experimental settings after vasoactive stimuli...
December 20, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002270/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-beh%C3%A3-et-uveitis
#20
Moncef Khairallah, Nesrine Abroug, Sana Khochtali, Anis Mahmoud, Bechir Jelliti, Gabriel Coscas, Marco Lupidi, Rim Kahloun, Salim Ben Yahia
PURPOSE: To describe optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) findings in eyes with Behçet uveitis (BU) and to compare these findings with those of fluorescein angiography (FA). METHODS: Prospective, comparative, cross-sectional study. Patients presenting with clinically active BU involving the posterior segment were evaluated using FA, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and OCTA. Optical coherence tomography angiograms were reviewed and analyzed...
December 20, 2016: Retina
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