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Talisa E de Carlo, Gregg T Kokame, Kyle N Kaneko, Rebecca Lian, James C Lai, Raymond Wee
PURPOSE: Determine sensitivity and specificity of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) diagnosis with structural en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Retrospective review of the medical records of eyes diagnosed with PCV by indocyanine green angiography with review of diagnostic testing with structural en face OCT and OCTA by a trained reader. Structural en face OCT, cross-sectional OCT angiograms alone, and OCTA in its entirety were reviewed blinded to the findings of indocyanine green angiography and each other to determine if they could demonstrate the PCV complex...
March 20, 2018: Retina
Rohan Chawla, Amar Pujari, Kanhaiya Mittal, Vaishali Rakheja, Ashish Markan
Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) is a promising new imaging modality for assessing retinal and choroidal vasculature. Faster scanning speed, large number of A-scan acquisition, and enhanced depth penetration has enhanced the detailed analysis of retinal layers. The authors discuss SS-OCTA features of a rare case of retinal arteriovenous malformation. Image analysis revealed the anomalous large-caliber vessels occupying up to the entire retinal thickness with associated echolucent changes in the inner retinal layers surrounding the retinal vessels, along with disruption of the outer retinal layers, including the inner/outer segments of photoreceptors beneath the large tortuous vessels outside the foveola in absence of any capillary nonperfusion areas or lack of significant macular edema...
March 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Elie Motulsky, Fang Zheng, Guanghui Liu, Giovanni Gregori, Philip J Rosenfeld
To avoid fluorescein angiography in a pregnant woman diagnosed with a central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) was performed and showed no evidence of decreased central retinal perfusion leading to the diagnosis of a nonischemic CRVO. Five months after an intravitreal injection of steroid, both her vision and the retinal appearance had returned to normal. This case demonstrates how a noninvasive, safe, 12 mm × 12 mm SS-OCTA image of a CRVO is useful in evaluating the retinal perfusion at presentation and follow-up during pregnancy...
March 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Anna Dastiridou, Vikas Chopra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a novel, noninvasive imaging modality that allows assessment of the retinal and choroidal vasculature. The scope of this review is to summarize recent studies using OCTA in glaucoma and highlight potential applications of this new technology in the field of glaucoma. RECENT FINDINGS: OCTA studies have shown that retinal vascular changes may not develop solely as a result of advanced glaucoma damage...
March 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Meng-Tsan Tsai, Jia-Wei Zhang, Kuo-Chen Wei, Chih-Kuang Yeh, Hao-Li Liu
Focused ultrasound (FUS) in combination with microbubbles temporally and locally increases the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) for facilitating drug delivery. However, the temporary effects of FUS on the brain microstructure and microcirculation need to be addressed. We used label-free optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA) to investigate the morphological and microcirculation changes in mouse brains due to FUS exposure at different power levels. Additionally, the recovery progress of the induced effects was studied...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Chien-Ying Yang, Siang Chen Wu, Ching-Chang Lee, Yang-Hsin Shih
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), recognised emerging contaminants, widely exist and persist in the environment. Samples were taken from a heavily contaminated farm in Taiwan located near a factory known to regularly use PBDEs. Sweet potato vines (Ipomoea batatas L., a commonly consumed vegetable in Asia) growing in the surrounding farmlands were found to contain a high concentration of PBDEs of 19.36 ng/g. The possibility of PBDEs translocation into sweet potato vines from soil samples was evaluated...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Jose L Roscales, Juan Muñoz-Arnanz, María Ros, Alba Vicente, Laura Barrios, Begoña Jiménez
The Stockholm Convention (SC) on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) calls for the Parties' effectiveness evaluation of those measures taken to meet the reduction and eventual elimination of POPs from the environment. With that goal, air concentrations of different POP families have been measured uninterruptedly since 2008 under the Spanish Monitoring Program (SMP) by means of passive air sampling. This work focuses on data for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) determined in a total of 321 samples collected seasonally each year in 5 urban and 7 background sites...
March 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Huagang Hou, Nadeem Khan, Sangeeta Gohain, M Lakshmi Kuppusamy, Periannan Kuppusamy
Tissue oxygenation is a critical parameter in various pathophysiological situations including cardiovascular disease and cancer. Hypoxia can significantly influence the prognosis of solid malignancies and the efficacy of their treatment by radiation or chemotherapy. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) oximetry is a reliable method for repeatedly assessing and monitoring oxygen levels in tissues. Lithium octa-n-butoxynaphthalocyanine (LiNc-BuO) has been developed as a probe for biological EPR oximetry, especially for clinical use...
March 16, 2018: Biomedical Microdevices
Jeffrey C Liu, Peter L Nesper, Amani A Fawzi, Manjot K Gill
Purpose: We report a case of acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) following routine annual inactivated influenza vaccination. Projection-resolved optical coherence tomography angiography (PR-OCTA) was used to analyze the retinal capillary flow within the AMN lesion. Observations: Our patient reported visual symptoms of her right eye nine days after routine annual influenza vaccination. Multimodal imaging revealed small vessel peripheral vasculitis and AMN in the affected eye...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Marcel T Bernucci, Conrad W Merkle, Vivek J Srinivasan
Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has recently emerged for imaging vasculature in clinical ophthalmology. Yet, OCTA images contain artifacts that remain challenging to interpret. To help explain these artifacts, we perform contrast-enhanced OCTA with a custom-designed wide-field ophthalmoscope in rats in vivo . We choose an intravascular contrast agent (Intralipid) with particles that are more isotropically scattering and more symmetrically shaped than red blood cells (RBCs). Then, by examining how OCTA artifacts change after contrast agent injection, we attribute OCTA artifacts to RBC-specific properties...
March 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Quan Zhang, Ximing Wang, Jianqiang Zhu, Zhe Li, Ye Wang
The Grand Canal is one of the most important waterways and sources of drinking water in China. The security of this water environment has a strong influence on national economic development and public health. However, data on the pollution status and potential risks due to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in this area is insufficient. In this study, we selected a branch of the Grand Canal in Hangzhou as the study subject from which 16 surface water samples were collected in the summer of 2016. The concentrations of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) (including 4 hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) and 6 dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs)), 12 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and 35 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the water samples were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
March 12, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Ming-Xiu Zhan, Ming-Feng Yu, Guangxue Zhang, Tong Chen, Xiao-Dong Li, Alfons Buekens
In order to find a catalyst to destroy polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) with high efficiency, a homemade VOx -CeOx /TiO2 catalyst was prepared, and then tested in the flue gas of a waste incinerator at temperatures of 180-240 °C. The results shows the best removal efficiency (93.4%) was attained already at 200 °C, yet degradation efficiency further raised with temperature, until 240 °C. Ozone (500 ppm) was also introduced into the system to increase the activity of catalyst, and removal efficiency of PCDD/Fs increased further to 97...
March 6, 2018: Waste Management
Zaria C Ali, Jane Gray, Konstantinos Balaskas
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to describe features of choroidal naevi as seen on swept source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and also on en face images derived from structural data from OCTA. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study was carried out. Patients attending a specialised choroidal naevomelanocytic with known naevi were imaged with swept source OCTA. RESULTS: Seventy-one eyes of 70 patients were imaged...
March 9, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Etsuo Chihara, Galina Dimitrova, Tomoyuki Chihara
PURPOSE: To assess the responses of the superficial peripapillary retinal vessel density (VD) and prelaminar flow index (PLFI) to topical Rho-assisted coiled-coil forming protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitor ripasudil and alpha-2 agonist brimonidine using optical coherence tomography angiography. METHODS: This is a prospective, non-randomized, comparative cohort study. We studied the response of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) parameters to drugs in 24 eyes treated with ripasudil and 23 eyes treated with brimonidine at the Sensho-kai Eye Institute...
March 8, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Yuandong Li, Wei Wei, Ruikang K Wang
Elaborate modeling study suggests an important role of capillary transit time heterogeneity (CTTH) reduction in brain oxygenation during functional hyperemia. Here, we use optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) capillary velocimetry to probe blood flow dynamics in cerebral capillary beds and validate the change in CTTH during functional activation in an in vivo rodent model. Through evaluating flow dynamics and consequent transit time parameters from thousands of capillary vessels within three-dimensional (3-D) tissue volume upon hindpaw electrical stimulation, we observe reductions in both capillary mean transit time (MTT) (9...
March 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
Bingyao Tan, Benjamin MacLellan, Erik Mason, Kostadinka Bizheva
Acute elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) to ischemic and non-ischemic levels can cause temporary or permanent changes in the retinal morphology, function and blood flow/blood perfusion. Previously, such changes in the retina were assessed separately with different methods in clinical studies and animal models. In this study, we used a combined OCT+ ERG system in combination with Doppler OCT and OCT angiography (OCTA) imaging protocols, in order to evaluate simultaneously and correlate changes in the retinal morphology, the retinal functional response to visual stimulation, and the retinal blood flow/blood perfusion, associated with IOP elevation to ischemic and non-ischemic levels in rats...
2018: PloS One
Alexandra Miere, Hassiba Oubraham, Francesca Amoroso, Pauline Butori, Polina Astroz, Oudy Semoun, Elsa Bruyere, Alexandre Pedinielli, Manar Addou-Regnard, Camille Jung, Salomon Y Cohen, Eric H Souied
Purpose: To compare the qualitative and quantitative choroidal neovascularization (CNV) changes after antivascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy in treatment-naïve and treated eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: Consecutive patients with neovascular AMD underwent multimodal imaging, including OCTA (AngioPlex, CIRRUS HD-OCT model 5000; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, OH) at baseline and at three monthly follow-up visits...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
Xiao Zhang, Chan Wu, Li-Jia Zhou, Rong-Ping Dai
This study reports the short-term efficacy and safety of intravitreal conbercept injections for neovascularization at the disc (NVD) in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Conbercept is a recombinant fusion protein with a high affinity for all isoforms of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, placental growth factor and VEGF-B. A prospective case series study was conducted in 15 patients (15 eyes). Patients had complete ocular examinations and received a 0.5 mg intravitreal conbercept injection followed by supplemental pan-retinal photocoagulation (PRP)...
March 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Tomohiko Akahori, Takeshi Iwase, Kentaro Yamamoto, Eimei Ra, Kenichi Kawano, Yasuki Ito, Hiroko Terasaki
PURPOSE: To determine whether the macula is displaced after vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling in eyes with an idiopathic macular hole. DESIGN: A retrospective, observational case series METHODS: Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) was used to obtain 3 mm × 3 mm en face images before and 2, 4, and 8 weeks after the vitrectomy with ILM peeling for 20 eyes of 20 patients with an idiopathic macular hole. The displacements of easily identifiable retinal vessel bifurcations were measured relative to the fovea and the optic disc...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Jiawei Wu, Yaxian Zheng, Min Liu, Wei Shan, Zhirong Zhang, Yuan Huang
Nanoparticles (NPs) for oral delivery of peptide/protein drugs are largely limited due to the co-existence of intestinal mucus and epithelial barriers. Sequentially overcoming these two barriers is intractable to realize in single nanovehicle because it needs different or even contradictory surface properties of NPs. To solve this dilemma, a biomimetic mucus penetrating virus-inspired NPs meanwhile with charge reversal ability (P-R8-Pho NPs) were developed by densely coating PLGA NPs with cationic octa-arginine (R8) peptide and specific anionic phosphoserine (Pho)...
March 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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