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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732337/critical-review-of-soil-contamination-by-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-pbdes-and-novel-brominated-flame-retardants-nbfrs-concentrations-sources-and-congener-profiles
#1
REVIEW
Thomas J McGrath, Andrew S Ball, Bradley O Clarke
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been used in a broad array of polymeric materials such as plastics, foams, resins and adhesives to inhibit the spread of fires since the 1970s. The widespread environmental contamination and well documented toxic effects of PBDEs have led to bans and voluntary withdrawals in many jurisdictions. Replacement novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) have, however, exhibited many of the same toxic characteristics as PBDEs and appear to share similar environmental fate...
July 18, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731118/correction-photoinduced-electron-transfer-across-an-organic-molecular-wall-octa-acid-encapsulated-esipt-dyes-as-electron-donors
#2
Fabiano S Santos, Elamparuthi Ramasamy, V Ramamurthy, Fabiano S Rodembusch
Correction for 'Photoinduced electron transfer across an organic molecular wall: octa acid encapsulated ESIPT dyes as electron donors' by Fabiano S. Santos et al., Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2017, 16, 840-844.
July 21, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731053/oct-angiography-documented-reperfusion-of-translocated-autologous-full-thickness-rpe-choroid-graft-for-complicated-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#3
M Veckeneer, C Augustinus, E Feron, P-P Schauwvlieghe, J Ruys, I Cosemans, J Van Meurs
PurposeThe purpose of this study is to investigate the reperfusion of translocated retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-choroid graft in the treatment of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD), using OCT angiography (OCTA), a novel non-invasive, high-resolution imaging modality.Patients and methodsEighteen eyes of 18 consecutive patients suffering from complicated nAMD underwent RPE-choroid patch graft translocation surgery using a peripheral retinotomy and flap-over technique. We analyzed functional and anatomical outcome using visual acuity, Spectral Domain OCT and OCTA...
July 21, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730399/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-findings-in-susac-s-syndrome-a-case-report
#4
Rodolfo Mastropasqua, Lisa Toto, Alfonso Senatore, Alessandro D'Uffizi, Piergiorgio Neri, Cesare Mariotti, Marica Tina Maccarone, Luca Di Antonio
PURPOSE: To report clinical features of Susac's syndrome (SS) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 25-year-old Caucasian female with a history of non-pulsatile migraine, tinnitus, and verbal apraxia complaining of peripheral scotoma in left eye due to branch retinal arteriole occlusion (BRAO) was diagnosed as having SS after audiometric test, brain magnetic resonance imaging, and multimodal retinal imaging...
July 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730092/parameters-of-ocular-fundus-on-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-for-glaucoma-diagnosis
#5
REVIEW
Yu-Lin Tao, Li-Ming Tao, Zheng-Xuan Jiang, He-Ting Liu, Kun Liang, Mo-Han Li, Xuan-Sheng Zhu, Yan-Lin Ren, Bing-Jie Cui
In this review, we summarize the progression of several parameters assessed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in recent years for the detection of glaucoma. Monitoring the progression of defects in the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness is essential. Imaging and analysis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and inner plexiform layer (IPL), respectively, have been of great importance. Optic nerve head (ONH) topography obtained from 3D SD-OCT images is another crucial step. Other important assessments involve locating the Bruch's membrane opening (BMO), estimating the optic disc size and rim area, and measuring the lamina cribrosa displacement...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728188/diagnosing-choroidal-neovascularization-in-asymptomatic-individuals-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#6
Michael M Park, Carl B Rebhun, Emily D Cole, Ricardo N Louzada, Eduardo A Novais, Fareed Rifai, A Yasin Alibhai, Jay S Duker, Nadia K Waheed
Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a noninvasive, rapid imaging technique that generates angiographic images without intravenous dye injections. Cross-sectional studies have described the presence of asymptomatic choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in patients with intermediate age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This case report describes the OCT features on longitudinal follow-up of a patient who started with unilateral asymptomatic CNV and eventually developed symptomatic exudative AMD...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728187/in-vivo-microvascular-pattern-of-solitary-juxtapapillary-capillary-hemangioma-on-oct-angiography
#7
M B Thirumalesh, Astha Jain, Sumeet Agrawal, K Bhujang Shetty
Juxtapapillary capillary hemangioma (JCH) is a vascular hamartoma. Fluorescein fundus angiography aids in diagnosis. The vascular morphology of this tumor has not been documented with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), a new, noninvasive diagnostic modality that provides high-resolution images of vascular pattern based on blood flow in the retina and choroid. Although mainly a clinical diagnosis, OCTA helps in studying the intrinsic vascularity of the tumor and helps in differentiating it from other vascular tumors...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726918/two-hybrid-lanthanide-complexes-exhibiting-a-large-magnetocaloric-effect-and-slow-magnetic-relaxation
#8
Song-De Han, Jin-Hua Li, Hao-Hao Liu, Guo-Ming Wang
Two isostructural lanthanide (Ln) hybrid complexes co-bridged by organic oxalate and inorganic hypophosphite, [Ln(oxa)(H2PO2)(H2O)2] (oxa = oxalate; Ln = Gd (1), Dy (2)), were solvothermally prepared with the goal of elucidating the role of a hybrid framework in the generation of novel molecular magnetic materials. The title compounds feature a two dimensional (2D) hybrid layer. The Ln(III) ions are octa-coordinated with distorted square antiprism geometry. The adjacent Ln(III) ions are co-bridged by hypophosphite and one type of oxalate ligand to form 1D hybrid chains, which are further linked by a second type of oxalate ligand to generate the resulting 2D framework...
July 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726883/highly-reducible-%C3%AF-extended-copper-corroles
#9
Pinky Yadav, Muniappan Sankar, Xiangyi Ke, Lei Cong, Karl M Kadish
Di- and octa-phenylethynyl (PE) substituted π-extended copper corroles were synthesized and characterized as to their structural, electrochemical and spectroscopic properties. The addition of two or eight PE groups to the β-pyrrole positions of the corrole results in dramatic red shifts in the electronic absorption spectra and new reductions which are not seen for the parent compound lacking PE substituents. CuCor(PE)8 is reduced in four reversible one-electron transfer steps to give derivatives of [CuCor(PE)8](n-) where n = 1, 2, 3 or 4...
July 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723847/blindness-related-to-presumed-retinal-toxicity-after-using-perfluorocarbon-liquid-during-vitreoretinal-surgery
#10
Silvia Méndez-Martínez, Pilar Calvo, Nelson Arturo Rodriguez-Marco, Fernando Faus, Emilio Abecia, Luis Pablo
PURPOSE: To describe the presumed retinal toxicity after using specific batches of perfluorocarbon liquid ALA OCTA (Alamedics, Dornstadt, Germany) in pars plana vitrectomy. METHODS: This is an observational retrospective consecutive case series analyses of patients operated on pars plana vitrectomy for retinal detachment or intraocular lens subluxation, using the 150141 or 200114 batches of perfluorocarbon liquid ALA OCTA as assistance during the surgery in a single center...
July 18, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711035/coupled-cluster-valence-bond-theory-for-open-shell-systems-with-application-to-very-long-range-strong-correlation-in-a-polycarbene-dimer
#11
David W Small, Martin Head-Gordon
The Coupled Cluster Valence Bond (CCVB) method, previously presented for closed-shell (CS) systems, is extended to open-shell (OS) systems. The theoretical development is based on embedding the basic OS CCVB wavefunction in a fictitious singlet super-system. This approach reveals that the OS CCVB amplitude equations are quite similar to those of CS CCVB, and thus that OS CCVB requires the same level of computational effort as CS CCVB, which is an inexpensive method. We present qualitatively correct CCVB potential energy curves for all low-lying spin states of P2 and Mn2(+)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701715/clinical-relevance-of-reduced-decorrelation-signals-in-the-diabetic-inner-choroid-on-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#12
Yoko Dodo, Kiyoshi Suzuma, Kenji Ishihara, Shin Yoshitake, Masahiro Fujimoto, Tatsuya Yoshitake, Yuko Miwa, Tomoaki Murakami
Diabetes induces lesions of the retinal and choroidal capillaries, which promote the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR). The decorrelation signals in optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) represent the blood flow and vascular structure, and three-dimensional OCTA images enable individual capillary layers to be evaluated separately. The current study documented that en-face OCTA images revealed spots of flow void in the choriocapillaris layer in eyes with DR. Quantitative investigation demonstrated that non-flow areas within the central subfield (CSF) increased in eyes with more severe DR grades...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700136/an-automated-framework-to-quantify-areas-of-regional-ischemia-in-retinal-vascular-diseases-with-oct-angiography
#13
Neha Anegondi, Lavanya Chidambara, Devanshi Bhanushali, Santosh G K Gadde, Naresh Kumar Yadav, Abhijit Sinha Roy
In this observational and cross-sectional study, capillary non perfusion (CNP) and vascular changes in branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO, sample size (n) = 26) and choroidal neovascularization (CNV, n = 29) were evaluated. Subjects underwent imaging using Optical coherence tomography angiography (Angiovue™ OCTA , RTVue XR, Optovue Inc., Fremont, CA). Local fractal analysis was applied to the OCTA images of superficial, deep and choriocapillaries layer. CNP area (BRVO eyes) and vascular parameters were computed using local fractal based method...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692595/the-quantitative-measurements-of-vascular-density-and-flow-area-of-optic-nerve-head-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#14
Fatemeh Bazvand, Reza Mirshahi, Kaveh Fadakar, Houshangh Faghihi, Siamak Sabour, Fariba Ghassemi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the vascular density (VD) and the flow area on optic nerve head (ONH) and peripapillary area, and the impact of age and sex using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in healthy human subjects. METHODS: Both eyes of each volunteer were scanned by an RTVue XR Avanti; Optovue with OCTA using the split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography algorithm technique. Masked graders evaluated enface angiodisc OCTA data...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686421/amplification-of-circularly-polarized-luminescence-through-triplet-triplet-annihilation-based-photon-upconversion
#15
Jianlei Han, Pengfei Duan, Xianggao Li, Minghua Liu
Amplification of circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) is demonstrated in a triplet-triplet annihilation-based photon upconversion (TTA-UC) system. When chiral binaphthyldiamine acceptors are sensitized with an achiral Pt(II) octaethylporphine (PtOEP) in solution, upconverted circularly polarized luminescence (UC-CPL) were observed for the first time, in which the positive or negative circularly polarized emission could be obtained respectively, following the molecular chirality of the acceptors (R/S). More interestingly, one order of magnitude amplification of the dissymmetry factor glum in UC-CPL was obtained in comparison with the normal promoted CPL...
July 12, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686017/analysis-and-characterization-of-polychlorinated-hydroxybornanes-as-metabolites-of-toxaphene-using-polar-bear-model
#16
Lea Reger, Christoph Gallistl, Karl Skirnisson, Walter Vetter
Abiotic and biotic transformation of toxaphene (camphechlor) results in the selective enrichment of recalcitrant congeners while other, less persistent compounds of technical toxaphene (CTTs) are degraded. Up to now there is little knowledge on oxidation transformation of toxaphene. For instance, existence of hydroxylated CTTs (OH-CTTs) in authentic environmental and food samples was not proven yet. For this reason, we synthesized a mixture consisting of tetra- to heptachlorinated OH-CTTs and simplified it by countercurrent chromatography (CCC)...
July 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683412/zinc-ii-phthalocyanine-fused-in-peripheral-positions-octa-substituted-with-alkyl-linked-carbazole-synthesis-electropolymerization-and-its-electro-optic-and-biosensor-applications
#17
Remziye Olgac, Tugba Soganci, Yasemin Baygu, Yaşar Gök, Metin Ak
Zinc(II) phthalocyanine fused in peripheral positions octa-substituted with alkyl linked carbazole has been prepared by cyclomerization reaction of 4,5-bis(6-carbazole-9-yl-hexylsulfanil)phthalonitrile in the presence of anhydro Zn(II) acetate and a strong organic base (DBU). Synthesis steps were optimized and higher efficiency synthesis was achieved. The purpose of combining of carbazole moieties with phthalocyanine on the peripheral position is to enhance some properties such as photo and electrochemical properties because of strong electron-donating properties of carbazole group...
June 19, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680354/an-lc-ms-assay-with-isocratic-separation-and-on-line-solid-phase-extraction-to-improve-the-routine-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-busulfan-in-plasma
#18
Cristiano Ialongo, Alessia Francesca Mozzi, Sergio Bernardini
BACKGROUND: Busulfan (Bu) requires therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) in subjects undergoing a conditioning regimen for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). To speed up the procedure and increase reproducibility, we improved our routine LC-MS/MS assay using the on-line solid-phase extraction (SPE) of samples. METHODS: A protein precipitation (PP) step was performed before the on-line SPE of Bu from 200 µL of plasma spiked with octa-deuterated Bu (D8-Bu) as the internal standard...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676279/projection-resolved-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-of-macular-retinal-circulation-in-glaucoma
#19
Hana L Takusagawa, Liang Liu, Kelly N Ma, Yali Jia, Simon S Gao, Miao Zhang, Beth Edmunds, Mansi Parikh, Shandiz Tehrani, John C Morrison, David Huang
PURPOSE: To detect macular perfusion defects in glaucoma using projection-resolved optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography. DESIGN: Prospective observation study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 30 perimetric glaucoma and 30 age-matched normal participants were included. METHODS: One eye of each participant was imaged using 6 × 6-mm macular OCT angiography (OCTA) scan pattern by 70-kHz 840-nm spectral-domain OCT. Flow signal was calculated by the split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography algorithm...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669776/association-of-vascular-vs-avascular-subretinal-hyperreflective-material-with-aflibercept-response-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#20
Yu Kawashima, Masayuki Hata, Akio Oishi, Sotaro Ooto, Kenji Yamashiro, Hiroshi Tamura, Manabu Miyata, Akihito Uji, Naoko Ueda-Arakawa, Akitaka Tsujikawa
PURPOSE: To investigate flow signal within subretinal hyperreflective material (SHRM) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and its association with aflibercept treatment responses in treatment-naïve neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). DESIGN: Prospective consecutive interventional case series METHODS: Forty-four eyes of 44 patients with treatment-naive nAMD manifesting SHRM on OCT were studied. All patients underwent OCTA and received three monthly aflibercept injections...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
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