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Marco Nassisi, Carlo Lavia, Camilla Alovisi, Luca Musso, Chiara M Eandi
BACKGROUND: Although photodynamic therapy (PDT) has become the standard treatment for central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), its mechanism of action remains unclear. It is assumed that PDT induces short-term choriocapillaris (CC) occlusion and long-term choroidal vascular remodeling. In this paper, we describe the short-term CC changes induced by Half-Dose PDT (HD-PDT) in chronic CSC using optical coherence tomography-angiography (OCTA). METHODS: This is a prospective interventional case series...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Tristan Neumann, Inke Jess, Christian Näther
The asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Co(NCS)2(C6H6NS)4]·CH3OH, consists of one cobalt(II) cation, two thio-cyanate anions, four pyridine-4-carbo-thio-amide ligands and one methanol mol-ecule that are located in general positions. The Co(II) cations are coordinated by two terminal N-bonding thio-cyanate anions and four N-bonding pyridine-4-carbo-thio-amide ligands, resulting in discrete and slightly distorted octa-hedral complexes. These complexes are linked into a three-dimensional network via inter-molecular N-H⋯S hydrogen bonding between the amino H atoms and the thio-cyanate and pyridine-4-carbo-thio-amide S atoms...
November 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Chao-Jun Du, Xiao-Na Zhao, Bao-Yong Chen
In the title compound, [Co(C8H5O4)(C9H6N7)] n , the divalent Co(II) atom is six-coordinated to three N atoms from two symmetrical 5-(pyridin-4-yl)-1H,2'H-3,3'-bi[1,2,4-triazole] (H2pyttz) ligands and three O atoms from three symmetrical 3-carb-oxy-benzoate (Hbdic) ligands, leading to a distorted {CoN3O3} octa-hedral coordination environment. Two Co(II) cations are linked by four bridging carboxyl-ate groups to generate a dinuclear [Co2(CO2)4] unit. The dinuclear units are further connected into a chain along [010] via the Hbdic ligands...
November 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Bin Fei, Olesia I Kucheriv, Inna I Tokmenko, Kateryna V Terebilenko, Il'ya A Gural'skiy
In the title polymeric complex, [Au2Fe(CN)4(C4H3IN2)2(C2H6O)] n , the Fe(II) cation is coordinated by two iodo-pyrazine mol-ecules, one ethanol mol-ecule and three di-cyano-aurate anions in a distorted N5O octa-hedral geometry. In the crystal, the di-cyano-aurate anions bridge the Fe(II) cations to form polymeric chains propagating along the b-axis direction. Stabilization of the crystal structure is provided by O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds and π-π stacking between parallel iodo-pyrazine rings of neighbouring chains, the centroid-centroid distances being 3...
November 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Chao-Jun Du, Xiao-Na Zhao
In the title compound, [Co(C11H12NO6P)(C6H5N3)2]·C6H5N3, the 2,2'-[N-(phenyl-phospho-rylmethyl-κO)aza-nedi-yl]di-acetate dianion N,O,O',O''-chelates the Co(II) cation and two 1H-benzo[d][1,2,3]triazole mol-ecules coordinate to the Co(II) cation to complete the slightly distorted octa-hedral coordination. In the crystal, classical O-H⋯O, N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds and weak C-H⋯N hydrogen bonds link the mol-ecules into a three-dimensional supra-molecular architecture. π-π stacking between the triazole and benzene rings and between the benzene rings is also observed in the crystal...
November 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Suk-Hee Moon, Joobeom Seo, Ki-Min Park
The asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Co(NO3)2(C12H12N2S)2] n , contains a bis-(pyridin-3-ylmeth-yl)sulfane (L) ligand, an NO3(-) anion and half a Co(II) cation, which lies on an inversion centre. The Co(II) cation is six-coordinated, being bound to four pyridine N atoms from four symmetry-related L ligands. The remaining coordination sites are occupied by two O atoms from two symmetry-related nitrate anions in a monodentate manner. Thus, the Co(II) centre adopts a distorted octa-hedral geometry. Two symmetry-related L ligands are connected by two symmetry-related Co(II) cations, forming a 20-membered cyclic dimer, in which the Co(II) atoms are separated by 10...
November 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Yoko Dodo, Tomoaki Murakami, Kiyoshi Suzuma, Shin Yoshitake, Tatsuya Yoshitake, Kenji Ishihara, Masahiro Fujimoto, Yuko Miwa, Akitaka Tsujikawa
Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between lamellar capillary nonperfusion on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images and neuroglial changes on structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) images in diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 101 consecutive eyes of 69 patients with DR. OCTA and OCT images within a 3 × 3-mm square centered on the fovea were acquired simultaneously. The nonperfused areas (NPAs) in the superficial capillary layer (sNPA) (from the nerve fiber layer [NFL] to the inner plexiform layer [IPL]), the deep layer (dNPA) (corresponding mainly to the inner nuclear layer [INL]), or both layers (bNPA) were measured individually along 10 transverse lines...
November 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
A Abbouda, A M Dubis, A R Webster, M Moosajee
PurposeUsing optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) to investigate the area with flow in the superficial retinal vessel network (SVRN) and choriocapillaris (CC) layer among male subjects with choroideremia (CHM), female carriers, and normal controls to identify vascular changes.Patients and methodsImages of SRVN and CC layer were acquired in 9 affected males, 5 female carriers, and 14 age- and gender-matched controls using the Angiovue software of the RTVue XR Avanti.ResultsThe mean age was 33 years for affected male CHM patients (median 30 years), 46 years for female carriers (median 53 years), and 39 years for controls (median 38...
November 17, 2017: Eye
Juan Ramón Vanegas Sáenz, Taichi Tenkumo, Yuya Kamano, Hiroshi Egusa, Keiichi Sasaki
Nanoparticles represent promising gene delivery systems in biomedicine to facilitate prolonged gene expression with low toxicity compared to viral vectors. Specifically, nanoparticles of calcium phosphate (nCaP), the main inorganic component of human bone, exhibit high biocompatibility and good biodegradability and have been reported to have high affinity for protein or DNA, having thus been used as gene transfer vectors. On the other hand, Octa-arginine (R8), which has a high permeability to cell membrane, has been reported to improve intracellular delivery systems...
2017: PloS One
Digar Singh, Choong Hwan Lee
The volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are increasingly been recognized as the chemical mediators of mold interactions shaping their community dynamic, growth, and metabolism. Herein, we selectively examined the time-correlated (0 D - 11 D) effects of intra-species VOCs mediated interactions (VMI) on Aspergillus oryzae KCCM 60345 (S1), following co-cultivation with partner strain A. oryzae KACC 44967 (S2), in specially designed twin plate assembly. The comparative evaluation of S1VMI (S1 subjected to VMI with S2) and its control (S1con) showed a notable disparity in their radial growth (S1VMI<S1con) at 5 D, protease activity (S1VMI>S1con) at 3-5 D, amylase activity (S1VMI<S1con) at 3-5 D, and antioxidant levels (S1VMI>S1con) at 3 D...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Katarzyna Michalska-Małecka, Anna Heinke Knudsen
PURPOSE: To present optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) features in patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) at the baseline and in response to treatment with anti-VEGF intravitreal injections. To investigate the role of OCTA in management of patients with DR. METHODS: Retrospective case series showing primary outcomes of 3 patients with DR and diabetic macular edema. Patients were injected intravitreally a loading phase of 3 monthly 2.0 mg aflibercept, followed by 2 injections bimonthly (5 injections in total)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Karen B Schaal, Marion R Munk, Iris Wyssmueller, Lieselotte E Berger, Martin S Zinkernagel, Sebastian Wolf
PURPOSE: To detect vascular abnormalities in diabetic retinopathy using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) widefield images, and to compare the findings with color fundus photographs (CFPs) using Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study severity grading. METHODS: 3 mm × 3 mm and 12 mm × 12 mm scans were acquired to cover 70° to 80° of the posterior pole using a 100-kHz SS-OCTA instrument. Two masked graders assessed the presence of vascular abnormalities on SS-OCTA and the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study level on CFP...
November 10, 2017: Retina
Carl B Rebhun, Eric M Moult, Eduardo A Novais, Carlos Moreira-Neto, Stefan B Ploner, Ricardo N Louzada, ByungKun Lee, Caroline R Baumal, James G Fujimoto, Jay S Duker, Nadia K Waheed, Daniela Ferrara
Purpose: To use a novel optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) algorithm termed variable interscan time analysis (VISTA) to evaluate relative blood flow speeds in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). Methods: Prospective cross-sectional study enrolling patients with confirmed diagnosis of PCV. OCTA of the retina and choroid was obtained with a prototype swept-source OCT system. The acquired OCT volumes were centered on the branching vascular network (BVN) and polyps as determined by indocyanine-green angiography (ICGA)...
November 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
Brijesh Takkar, Shorya Azad, Jyoti Shakrawal, Nripen Gaur, Pradeep Venkatesh
This report demonstrates the blood flow pattern in a case of choroidal hemangioma (CH) using swept-source-optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Fluorescein angiography, SS-OCT, and SS-OCTA images of a patient with CH were obtained using a standard protocol. The internal vascular pattern of the tumor was identified on both OCT and OCTA. Dark areas were identified in the CH. These were interspersed between areas of visible blood flow, as imaged on SS-OCTA. Peripheral vascular arcades were also identified within the tumor...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Kanika Aggarwal, Aniruddha Agarwal, Deeksha Katoch, Mansi Sharma, Vishali Gupta
A 39-year-old female with dengue fever presented with decreased vision in both eyes. Visual acuity was 20/200 and 20/80 in the right eye (OD) and left eye (OS), respectively. Fundus showed granular, grayish-white lesions in the parafoveal region in OD. Multimodal imaging including optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and fluorescein angiography (FA) was performed. FA showed late hyperfluorescence with few microaneurysms in OS. OCT showed hyperreflectivity in various layers, suggestive of acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN)...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Tina Mühlhäuser, Alex Savin, Wolfgang Frey, Angelika Baro, Andreas J Schneider, Heinz-Günter Döteberg, Florian Bauer, Andreas Köhn, Sabine Laschat
In order to study the impact of regioisomeric diene ligands on the formation and catalytic activity of Rh complexes, a series of C2- and CS-symmetric 2,5-disubstituted bicyclo[3.3.0]octa-2,5-dienes C2-L and CS-L, respectively, were synthesized from Weiss diketone by simultaneous deprotonation/electrophilic trapping of both oxo functions and the catalytic behavior was studied in the presence of [RhCl(C2H4)2]2. Complexes [RhCl(C2-L)]2 bearing C2-symmetric ligands catalyzed effectively the asymmetric arylation of N-tosylaldimines to (S)-diarylamines with yields and ee-values up to 99%...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Zaria Ali, Carol Lally Shields, Kirti Jasani, Tariq Mehmood Aslam, Konstantinos Balaskas
Torpedo maculopathy is a rare congenital anomaly of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Various imaging modalities have been used to assess cases of torpedo maculopathy, including optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fundus autofluorescence (FAF). OCT angiography (OCTA) offers combined structural and flow characteristics of imaged lesions. The authors present OCTA findings in two cases of torpedo maculopathy. Common features include loss of RPE and choriocapillaris allowing greater visualization of larger vessels in the outer choroid...
November 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Yanping Yu, Yufei Teng, Meng Gao, Xinxin Liu, Jinqiu Chen, Wu Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To compare choriocapillaris perfusion of the fovea between patients with idiopathic epiretinal membrane (iERM) and normal controls and determine whether surgery affects it. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Both eyes of 45 patients with iERM and 28 healthy subjects were scanned by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) preoperatively, and 25 of the patients were scanned postoperatively. Central parameters measured included flow area and parafovea vessel density of the foveal choriocapillaris...
November 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Yavuz Caydamli, Erol Yildirim, Jialong Shen, Xiaomeng Fang, Melissa A Pasquinelli, Richard J Spontak, Alan E Tonelli
Nanocomposites prepared by incorporating functionalized polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) into polymer matrices afford a wide range of versatile hybrid materials for use in technologies ranging from cosmetics and pharmaceuticals to sensors and batteries. Here, we investigate the phase behavior of nanocomposites composed of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and monosubstituted isobutyl POSS (iPOSS) modified with different functional moieties. Microscopic analyses of blends containing these iPOSS variants reveal the existence of different macroscopic morphologies and surface topologies...
November 8, 2017: Soft Matter
Hilal Nalcı, Figen Şermet, Sibel Demirel, Emin Özmert
Objectives: To evaluate the vascular changes of idiopathic macular telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel 2) patients with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and correlate these changes with the findings of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Materials and Methods: Simultaneous SD-OCT and OCTA images of 10 eyes of 6 patients who were diagnosed as MacTel 2 in Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology were obtained and graded according to the OCTA grading system for MacTel 2...
October 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
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