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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212301/the-phytocomplex-from-fucus-vesiculosus-and-ascophyllum-nodosum-controls-postprandial-plasma-glucose-levels-an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study-in-a-mouse-model-of-nash
#1
Daniela Gabbia, Stefano Dall'Acqua, Iole Maria Di Gangi, Sara Bogialli, Valentina Caputi, Laura Albertoni, Ilaria Marsilio, Nicola Paccagnella, Maria Carrara, Maria Cecilia Giron, Sara De Martin
Edible seaweeds have been consumed by Asian coastal communities since ancient times. Fucus vesiculosus and Ascophyllum nodosum extracts have been traditionally used for the treatment of obesity and several gastrointestinal diseases. We evaluated the ability of extracts obtained from these algae to inhibit the digestive enzymes α-amylase and α-glucosidase in vitro, and control postprandial plasma glucose levels in a mouse model of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH); a liver disease often preceding the development of Type 2 diabetes (T2DM)...
February 15, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210183/intraocular-lens-power-overestimation-in-a-patient-with-history-of-circling-keratorraphy
#2
Vasilios F Diakonis, Nilufer Yesilirmak, George D Kymionis, Sonia H Yoo
We report a case of cataract extraction and intraocular lens (IOL) power overestimation in a patient with history of hyperopia managed with circling keratorraphy. A 65-year-old female presented to our institute complaining of decreased vision in both eyes. The patient had a history of bilateral hyperopia that was managed 20 years ago (1994) with circling keratorraphy. At presentation her uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) was 20/70 and 20/60 in her right eye (OD) and left eye (OS), respectively, while her corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was 20/25 OD and 20/25 OS with manifest refraction of -0...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208944/the-effect-of-fetal-gender-on-the-delivery-outcome-in-primigravidae-women-with-induced-labours-for-all-indications
#3
Angeliki Antonakou, Dimitrios Papoutsis
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing evidence of a gender-related phenomenon where the presence of a male fetus may have an adverse effect on the outcome of pregnancy. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of fetal gender on the delivery outcome in primigravidae women with induced labours. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational cohort study of primigravidae women who had Induction Of Labour (IOL) for all indications during a two-year period...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208900/fuchs-heterochromic-iridocylitis-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-cataract-extraction-with-intra-ocular-lens-implantation-in-a-kashmiri-population-a-hospital-based-study
#4
Wasim Rashid, Imtiyaz Lone, Adil Majid Mir, Aamir Rashid, Mehreen Latif
INTRODUCTION: Fuchs Heterochromic Iridocylitis (FHI) is a rare form of uveitis which is frequently complicated by cataract and glaucoma, but it does not show typical features of uveitis like pain, redness and posterior synechia. AIM: To study the clinical characteristics and outcome of cataract extraction with Intra Ocular Lens (IOL) implantation in patients with FHI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present prospective study was carried out in the Postgraduate Department of Ophthalmology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Bemina from March 2012 to January 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208898/to-study-the-efficacy-of-difluprednate-ophthalmic-emulsion-and-prednisolone-acetate-ophthalmic-suspension-on-post-operative-inflammation-in-cataract-surgery
#5
Punita Garg, Nupur Tuteja, Shazia Qayum
INTRODUCTION: Senile cataract is the most common cause of visual impairment. Removal of cataract and implantation of intraocular lens implantation (IOL) is the main surgical approach for cataract. The major block in quick visual rehabilitation of the patient is post-operative inflammation. To limit post-operative inflammation corticosteroids drugs are used in routine prophylactically. Topical prednisolone acetate 1% and betamethasone 0.1% remain gold standard to control post-operative inflammation but newer drugs like difluprednate, loteprednol are also effective in controlling inflammation...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196730/globe-axial-length-growth-at-age-5-years-in-the-infant-aphakia-treatment-study
#6
M Edward Wilson, Rupal H Trivedi, David R Weakley, George A Cotsonis, Scott R Lambert
PURPOSE: To report the longitudinal change in axial length (AL) from the time of unilateral cataract surgery at age 1 to 7 months to age 5 years, and to compare AL growth of operated eyes with that of fellow unoperated eyes. DESIGN: Comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Infants enrolled in the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS). METHODS: The AL at baseline and age 5 years and change in AL were analyzed relative to treated versus fellow eye, visual outcome, and treatment modality (contact lens [CL] vs...
February 10, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196497/comparison-of-visual-outcomes-spectacles-dependence-and-patient-satisfaction-of-multifocal-and-accommodative-intraocular-lenses-innovative-perspectives-for-maximal-refractive-oriented-cataract-surgery
#7
Raffaele Nuzzi, Federico Tridico
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate visual outcomes for different working distances (far, 60 cm and 33 cm) and impact on vision quality of multifocal IOLs AcrySof ResTOR SN6AD1 and SN6AD3 (Alcon, Inc., Fort Worth, Texas, USA) as well as REVIEW FIL611PV multifocal and OPTOFLEX FIL618 accommodative IOLs (Soleko, Ltd., Rome, Italy) in patients undergoing bilateral phacoemulsification. METHODS: In this observational prospective study 63 patients undergoing binocular cataract surgery were divided into four groups for implantation of one of the IOLs under evaluation...
February 14, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192584/laser-assisted-capsulotomy-centration-a-prospective-trial-comparing-pupil-versus-oct-based-scanned-capsule-centration
#8
Tim Schultz, Nikolaos Tsiampalis, H Burkhard Dick
PURPOSE: To investigate different capsulotomy centration methods for femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. The overlap between intraocular lens (IOL) optic and lens capsule was measured with different centration methods and IOL types. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized clinical trial. Patients with cataract scheduled for femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery were assigned to one of four treatment groups: optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based scanned capsule centration (SCC) and three-piece IOL (SCC with three-piece IOL); scanned capsule centration and plate-haptic IOL (SCC with plate-haptic IOL); pupil centration (PC) and three-piece IOL (PC with three-piece IOL); or PC and plate-haptic IOL (PC with plate-haptic IOL)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185842/corneal-astigmatism-measurement-by-ray-tracing-versus-anterior-surface-based-keratometry-in-candidates-for-toric-iol-implantation
#9
Ugo de Sanctis, Piero Donna, Rachele R Penna, Maria Isabella Calastri, Chiara M Eandi
PURPOSE: To compare corneal astigmatism derived from total corneal refractive power (CATCRP), a ray-tracing method, with that derived from simulated keratometry (CASimK), an anterior surface-based method, in candidates for toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. DESIGN: Reliability analysis. METHODS: In one eye of 200 consecutive patients (mean age 71 ±9 years) with cataract, a Pentacam HR (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany) was used to measure CATCRP and CASimK...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185180/primary-iris-claw-iol-retrofixation-with-intravitreal-triamcinolone-acetonide-in-cases-of-inadequate-capsular-support
#10
Aditya Kelkar, Rachana Shah, Viraj Vasavda, Jai Kelkar, Shreekant Kelkar
PURPOSE: To assess the outcomes and analyze complication rates following primary iris claw IOL retrofixation with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide. METHODS: This is a retrospective interventional case series. Patients with poor capsular support-diagnosed preoperatively or owing to intraoperative complications-were treated with iris claw IOL retrofixation with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide. The data were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: 104 eyes of 102 patients with poor capsular support who underwent the procedure between 2010 and 2013 were analyzed...
February 9, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184333/pupillary-block-due-to-reverse-implantation-of-a-sulcus-intraocular-lens
#11
Xuemin Zhang, Nishant Soni, Janet Alexander, Sachin Kalarn, Osamah Saeedi
An 88-year-old woman with a history of complicated cataract extraction by phacoemulsification with sulcus intraocular lens (IOL) placement developed pseudophakic pupillary block after reverse implantation of the IOL. In the postoperative period, she had persistently elevated intraocular pressures (IOP) and was diagnosed with chronic angle-closure glaucoma that was treated medically. She presented 5 years later with acute pupillary block. The diagnosis of reverse IOL implantation was confirmed by ultrasound biomicroscopy...
August 2016: JCRS Online Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178942/in-vitro-comparative-optical-bench-analysis-of-a-spherical-and-aspheric-optic-design-of-the-same-iol-model
#12
Tamer Tandogan, Gerd U Auffarth, Chul Y Choi, Stephanie Liebing, Christian Mayer, Ramin Khoramnia
BACKGROUND: To analyse objective optical properties of the spherical and aspheric design of the same intraocular lens (IOL) model using optical bench analysis. METHODS: This study entailed a comparative analysis of 10 spherical C-flex 570 C and 10 aspheric C-flex 970 C IOLs (Rayner Intraocular Lenses Ltd., Hove, UK) of 26 diopters [D] using an optical bench (OptiSpheric, Trioptics, Germany). In all lenses, we evaluated the modulation transfer function (MTF) at 50 lp/mm and 100 lp/mm and the Strehl Ratio using a 3-mm (photopic) and 4...
February 8, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167965/the-ten-group-robson-classification-a-single-centre-approach-identifying-strategies-to-optimise-caesarean-section-rates
#13
Keisuke Tanaka, Kassam Mahomed
Caesarean section (CS) rates have been increasing worldwide and have caused concerns. For meaningful comparisons to be made World Health Organization recommends the use of the Ten-Group Robson classification as the global standard for assessing CS rates. 2625 women who birthed over a 12-month period were analysed using this classification. Women with previous CS (group 5) comprised 10.9% of the overall 23.5% CS rate. Women with one previous CS who did not attempt VBAC contributed 5.3% of the overall 23.5% CS rate...
2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167054/glaucoma-and-intraocular-pressure-in-patients-operated-for-late-in-the-bag-intraocular-lens-dislocation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Olav Kristianslund, Marianne Råen, Atle Einar Østern, Liv Drolsum
PURPOSE: To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) and IOP-lowering treatment requirements in patients with late in-the-bag intraocular lens (IOL) dislocation operated with 2 different methods, and to assess whether an IOP decrease after surgery can be expected. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, parallel-group clinical trial. METHODS: In our university clinic, 104 patients (eyes) were randomly assigned to IOL repositioning by scleral suturing (n = 54) or IOL exchange with retropupillar iris-claw lens (n = 50)...
February 3, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165609/comparison-of-visual-outcomes-after-bilateral-implantation-of-extended-range-of-vision-and-trifocal-intraocular-lenses
#15
Ramón Ruiz-Mesa, Antonio Abengózar-Vela, Ana Aramburu, María Ruiz-Santos
PURPOSE: To compare visual outcomes after cataract surgery with bilateral implantation of 2 intraocular lenses (IOLs): extended range of vision and trifocal. METHODS: Each group of this prospective study comprised 40 eyes (20 patients). Phacoemulsification followed by bilateral implantation of a FineVision IOL (group 1) or a Symfony IOL (group 2) was performed. The following outcomes were assessed up to 1 year postoperatively: binocular uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), binocular uncorrected intermediate visual acuity (UIVA) at 60 cm, binocular uncorrected near visual acuity (UNVA) at 40 cm, spherical equivalent (SE) refraction, defocus curves, mesopic and photopic contrast sensitivity, halometry, posterior capsule opacification (PCO), and responses to a patient questionnaire...
January 28, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161928/two-port-pars-plana-anterior-and-central-core-vitrectomy-lam-floaterectomy-in-combination-with-phacoemulsification-and-intraocular-lens-implantation-under-topical-anesthesia-for-patients-with-cataract-and-significant-floaters-results-of-the-first-50-consecutive
#16
Dennis S C Lam, Hiu Ying Leung, Shu Liu, Nishant Radke, Ye Yuan, Vincent Y W Lee
PURPOSE: To study the safety and efficacy of 2-port pars plana anterior and central core vitrectomy (Lam floaterectomy) in combination with phacoemulsification (phaco) and intraocular lens implantation (IOL) for patients with cataract and significant floaters under topical anesthesia. DESIGN: Retrospective review of the first 50 consecutive cases. METHODS: Astandardized treatment protocol was used for patients with cataract and significant (moderate to severe) floaters (duration > 3 months)...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161922/a-prospective-evaluation-of-posterior-capsule-opacification-in-eyes-with-posterior-capsule-plaque-a-case-control-study
#17
Abhay R Vasavada, Mamidipudi R Praveen, Gauri D Shah, Kaid Johar, Rajkumar Sankaranarayanan
PURPOSE: To compare the development of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) between eyes with and without posterior capsule plaque after single-piece hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) implantation 5 years postoperatively. DESIGN: A prospective observational case-control study. METHODS: One hundred one consecutive eyes with posterior capsule plaque (cases) were compared with the same number of cataractous eyes without posterior capsule plaque (controls)...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161802/influence-of-across-pupil-sutures-on-the-optical-quality-of-intraocular-lenses
#18
Chang Rae Rho, Min-Ji Kim, Choun-Ki Joo
PURPOSE: In cases of pupillary capture after previous transscleral fixation of an intraocular lens (IOL), an across-pupil suture technique is sometimes used to stabilize the IOL. We investigated the optical effects of 10-0 polypropylene sutures placed across the pupil. METHODS: Optical performance was evaluated using the optical bench metrology system, and a single-piece IOL was used in an optical bench system consisting of a model eye, a high-resolution Hartmann-Shack wave front sensor, and an image capturing device with 2...
February 4, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139160/the-relation-between-sleep-disruption-and-cataract-in-a-large-population-based-study
#19
Yanjun Chen, David M Nondahl, Carla R Schubert, Barbara E K Klein, Ronald Klein, Karen J Cruickshanks
PURPOSE: To investigate the relation between sleep disruption and nuclear cataract, as well as the impact of cataract removal on sleep, in two discrete population-based cohorts. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 5070 participants from three large longitudinal epidemiologic studies of age-related eye disease, hearing, olfaction, and cognition. Slit-lamp photos of the lens were obtained to grade nuclear cataract using a standardized protocol. The quality of sleep was assessed using a modified Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study questionnaire...
January 31, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130351/repeatability-and-agreement-of-ocular-biometry-measurements-aladdin-versus-lenstar
#20
Colm McAlinden, Rongrong Gao, Ayong Yu, Xiaorui Wang, Jing Yang, Ye Yu, Hao Chen, Qinmei Wang, Jinhai Huang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the repeatability and agreement between the Aladdin and Lenstar biometers. METHODS: Three consecutive measurements of the right eye of 102 subjects were acquired by the Aladdin (V.1.1.3) and the Lenstar (V.1.0.3), respectively, with a random order of which biometer to use first. Parameters compared included axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), flat keratometry (Kf), steep keratometry (Ks), mean keratometry (Km), J0, J45 and white-to-white (WTW) distance...
January 27, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
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