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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646131/insights-on-the-drivers-of-genetic-divergence-in-the-european-anchovy
#1
Gaetano Catanese, Romain Watteaux, Iratxe Montes, Marco Barra, Paola Rumolo, Diego Borme, Bruno Buongiorno Nardelli, Vincenzo Botte, Maria Grazia Mazzocchi, Simona Genovese, Iole Di Capua, Mikel Iriondo, Andone Estonba, Paolo Ruggeri, Valentina Tirelli, Vincenzo Caputo-Barucchi, Gualtiero Basilone, Angelo Bonanno, Daniele Iudicone, Gabriele Procaccini
Anchovies represent the largest world's marine fish catches and the current threats on their populations impose a sustainable exploitment based on sound scientific information. In the European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus), the existence of several populations has been proposed but a global view is missing. Using a multidisciplinary approach, here we assessed the divergence among different ecotypes and its possible causes. SNPs have revealed two functionally distinct ecotypes overlapping in the Central Mediterranean, with one ecotype confined near the river estuaries...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643711/glued-intraocular-lens-implantation-for-eyes-with-inadequate-capsular-support-analysis-of-the-postoperative-visual-outcome
#2
Sujatha Mohan, Bina John, Mohan Rajan, Harsha Malkani, S V Nagalekshmi, Siddhartha Singh
AIM: The aim of this study is to analyze the postoperative visual outcomes of fibrin glue-assisted, suture-less posterior chamber (PC) intraocular lens (IOL) implantation technique in eyes with inadequate capsule support at a tertiary eye care hospital in South India. SETTING AND DESIGN: This is a retrospective, nonrandomized case series. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study analyzes 94 eyes which underwent PC-IOL implantation by fibrin glue-assisted, suture-less technique...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643710/postoperative-posterior-capsular-striae-and-the-posterior-capsular-opacification-in-patients-implanted-with-two-types-of-intraocular-lens-material
#3
Rajesh Subhash Joshi
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of postoperative posterior capsular striae (PCS) and its influence on posterior capsular opacification (PCO) in patients implanted with two types of lens material. SETTING: Tertiary eye care center in central rural India. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, observational, nonrandomized study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 1247 patients having age-related cataract scheduled for removal by phacoemulsification technique and implantation of hydrophilic or hydrophobic intraocular lens (IOL)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639448/-hybrid-monovision
#4
P Studený, M Kacerovský, J Kacerovská, N Gajarová, Z Straňák
AIM: To evaluate our own results of the use of hybrid monovision technique, in patients after bilateral cataract surgery, where in the dominant eye the monofocal intraocular lens is implanted and in the non-dominant eye the multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective follow-up of group of 33 patients with bilateral cataract surgery and induced hybrid monovision. In the dominant eye, the hydrophilic monofocal aspheric intraocular lens Auroflex (Aurolab) was implanted, and in the non-dominant eye the hydrophilic multifocal aspheric intraocular lens Seelens (Hanita) was implanted...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639087/haigis-and-srkt-formulae-accuracy-for-intentional-myopic-overcorrection
#5
Rodrigo Faeda Dalto, Miriam A Ferreira, Wilian Queiroz, Roberto Pinto Coelho, Jayter Silva Paula, Andre Messias
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of preoperative biometric parameters on the accuracy of Haigis and SRKT formulae in predicting postoperative target refraction. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 108 eyes (70 patients) underwent uneventful phacoemulsification surgery with implant of Alcon-SN60WF intraocular lens (IOL). Forty-five eyes were intentionally targeted to myopia (-0.75 to -1.25 dpt), while the others targeted between 0 and -0.75 dpt. Preoperative axial length and keratometry (K) were measured with optical biometry (LENSTAR-Haag-Streit)...
June 21, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638250/phacoemulsification-and-core-vitrectomy-in-fuchs-heterochromic-uveitis
#6
Sadullah Keles, Osman Ondas, Orhan Ates, Metin Ekinci, Baki Kartal, Eren Arpali, Kenan Yildirim, Erdinc Ceylan, Orhan Baykal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of phacoemulsification combined with posterior capsulorhexis, core vitrectomy and ciliary sulcus intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in patients with Fuchs' heterochromic uveitis (FHU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 18 eyes of 18 patients with FHU underwent cataract surgery were included in the study. 18 eyes with FHU underwent posterior capsulorhexis, core vitrectomy and poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) IOL implantation in the ciliary sulcus...
June 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634928/comparison-of-formulas-and-methods-for-high-myopia-patients-requiring-intraocular-lens-powers-less-than-six-diopters
#7
Harry S Geggel
PURPOSE: To determine the best method to minimize postoperative hyperopia and achieve mild myopia in patients requiring low-powered (<6.00 D) MN60MA intraocular lenses (IOLs). METHODS: This retrospective non-comparative case series consists of 32 eyes (20 patients). Postoperative spherical equivalent (SE) refractions were compared using four methods: standard formulas with varying target refractions (Haigis -1.00 D, Hoffer Q -1.75 D, Holladay 1 -1.50 D and SRK/T -1...
June 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624988/mifepristone-vs-balloon-catheter-for-labor-induction-in-previous-cesarean-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Chanderdeep Sharma, Anjali Soni, Amit Gupta, Ashok Verma, Suresh Verma
OBJECTIVE: To compare oral mifepristone (400 mg) with trans-cervical balloon catheter for induction of labor (IOL) in post date women with previous one cesarean section (CS). METHODS: In this randomized trial, post date pregnant women (gestation 40 weeks 5 days), with previous one low segment CS (no previous vaginal delivery) were induced either with oral mifepristone (400 mg) or balloon catheter [Foley's catheter (16 Fr); bulb filled with 30 ml normal saline]...
June 17, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616798/postoperative-diffuse-opacification-of-a-hydrophilic-acrylic-intraocular-lens-analysis-of-an-explant
#9
Gian Maria Cavallini, Veronica Volante, Luca Campi, Michele De Maria, Elisa Fornasari, Giancarlo Urso
PURPOSE: We describe the clinicopathological and ultrastructural features of an opaque single-piece hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) explanted from a patient. METHOD: The main outcome of this report is the documentation of calcium deposits confirmed by surface analysis. The decrease in visual acuity was due to the opacification of the IOL. The opacification involved both the optic plate and the haptics. RESULTS: The analysis at the scansion electron microscope revealed that the opacity was caused by the deposition of calcium and phosphate within the lens optic and haptics...
June 14, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615972/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-unacceptable-late-toxicity-in-breast-cancer-adjuvant-radiotherapy-a-case-report
#10
Grazia Lazzari, Maria Iole Natalicchio, Angela Terlizzi, Francesco Perri, Giovanni Silvano
BACKGROUND: There has recently been a strong interest in the inter-individual variation in normal tissue and tumor response to radiotherapy (RT), because tissue radiosensitivity seems to be under genetic control. Evidence is accumulating on the role of polymorphic genetic variants, such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that could influence normal tissue response after radiation. The most studied SNPs include those in genes involved in DNA repair (single- and double-strand breaks, and base excision) and those active in the response to oxidative stress...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612950/the-paediatric-cataract-register-pecare-an-overview-of-operated-childhood-cataract-in-sweden-and-denmark
#11
Gunilla Magnusson, Birgitte Haargaard, Saima Basit, Anna Lundvall, Alf Nyström, Annika Rosensvärd, Kristina Tornqvist
AIM: To report basic epidemiological data concerning surgically treated childhood cataract in Sweden and Denmark. METHODS: Data were derived from the Paediatric Cataract Register (PECARE), a binational, web-based surgical register representing Sweden and Denmark. All children operated before 8 years of age between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2013 were included. Age-specific prevalence per 100 000 population was calculated. RESULTS: A total 574 operations in 213 boys (51...
June 14, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606268/-clinical-observation-on-monovision-of-cataract-surgery-with-different-near-addition
#12
J Mu, Y Z Li, Q Wu, L Yan, H Chen
Objective: To observe the influence on spectacle independence, satisfaction and visual function after cataract surgery monovision with different ADD. Methods: Prospective clinical study. All patients were collected from the department of ophthalmology, Shanghai JiaoTong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital who were diagnosed as bilateral cataract from Oct. 2013 to Mar. 2015. This study comprised 64 cases (128 eyes). All consecutive patients scheduled to undergo bilateral cataract phacoemulsification and implantation of a monofocal AcrySof IQ IOL...
June 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604980/sealed-implantation-of-foldable-intraocular-lenses
#13
Dharmendra Nath, Eytan Z Blumenthal, Mohita Sharma, Michael Mimouni
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of sealed implantation, a simple technique for implanting foldable intraocular lenses (IOLs). METHODS: This was a retrospective study including consecutive patients who underwent phacoemulsification cataract using the sealed implantation technique. Sealed implantation is a technique in which a single-piece, foldable IOL is implanted without an intraocular ophthalmic viscosurgical device (OVD) or continuous infusion (hydroimplantation) of balanced saline solution (BSS)...
June 10, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604979/femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-in-vitreoretinal-surgery
#14
Stanislao Rizzo, Daniela Bacherini, Francesco Faraldi, Marco Pellegrini, Cesare Mariotti
PURPOSE: To assess the safety and surgical results of femtosecond laser-assisted phacovitrectomy. METHODS: Fifteen patients over 50 years of age with coexisting vitreoretinal pathologies and cataract underwent combined femtosecond laser-assisted cataract extraction and sutureless 25-G and 27-G vitreoretinal surgery. RESULTS: The indication for surgery was macular hole in 6 patients, epiretinal membrane in 6, vitreous hemorrhage in 2, and retinal detachment in 1...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602337/late-subluxation-of-iol-capsular-bag-complex-may-consultation-1
#15
Rupert Menapace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602334/intraindividual-comparative-analysis-of-the-visual-performance-after-cataract-surgery-with-implantation-of-a-trifocal-and-a-bifocal-intraocular-lens
#16
Ghada Al-Khateeb, Mehdi Shajari, Thomas Kohnen
Presbyopia-treating intraocular lenses (IOLs) are now widely available and offer high predictability at all distances, better visual outcomes, and high patient satisfaction. In most patients, the same multifocal IOL is implanted bilaterally. In certain circumstances, such as during complex surgeries, it is important to be prepared with a backup plan to maintain surgical expectations. We report 3 patients who had femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgeries in both eyes. The complicated eye had implantation of a bifocal IOL and the fellow eye of a trifocal IOL...
May 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602333/resident-and-young-physician-experience-with-complex-cataract-surgery-and-new-cataract-and-refractive-technology-results%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-ascrs-2016-young-eye%C3%A2-surgeons%C3%A2-survey
#17
Julie M Schallhorn, Jessica B Ciralsky, Elizabeth Yeu
A survey was offered to attendees of the 2016 annual meeting of the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS) as well as online to ASCRS members. Of the 429 self-identified surgeons in training or those with fewer than 5 years in practice, 83% had performed complex cataract surgery using iris expansion devices or capsular tension rings (63%) and 70% had implanted a toric intraocular lens (IOL). A minority of respondents had performed laser-assisted cataract surgery (27%) or implanted presbyopia-correcting IOLs (39%), and only half (50%) had performed laser vision correction (LVC)...
May 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602329/central-corneal-thickness-and-intraocular-pressure-changes-after-congenital-cataract-surgery-with-intraocular-lens-implantation-in%C3%A2-children-younger-than-2%C3%A2-years
#18
Jaspreet Sukhija, Savleen Kaur
PURPOSE: To evaluate the change in central corneal thickness (CCT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) preoperatively to postoperatively in children younger than 2 years of age having surgery with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for congenital cataract. SETTING: Tertiary care institute, Chandigarh, India. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Children younger than 2 years old who had phacoaspiration with IOL implantation were studied...
May 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602326/capsular-bag-fixated-and-ciliary-sulcus-fixated-intraocular-lens-centration-after-supplementary-intraocular-lens-implantation%C3%A2-in-the-same-eye
#19
Franz Prager, Michael Amon, Joerg Wiesinger, Barbara Wetzel, Guenal Kahraman
PURPOSE: To assess capsular bag and sulcus intraocular lens (IOL) centration in eyes that had implantation of a sulcus-fixated supplementary IOL anterior to a preexisting capsular bag IOL. SETTING: Academic Teaching Hospital of St. John, Vienna, Austria. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: A sulcus-fixated supplementary IOL (Sulcoflex) was implanted anterior to a preexisting capsular bag IOL. The geometric center of preexisting capsular bag IOLs and newly implanted sulcus-fixated IOLs was evaluated at least 12 months postoperatively and in relation to the geometric center of the pupil and limbus...
May 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602325/pigment-dispersion-syndrome-and%C3%A2-pigmentary-glaucoma-after-secondary-sulcus-transscleral-fixation-of-single-piece-foldable%C3%A2-posterior-chamber-intraocular-lenses%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-chinese-aphakic-patients
#20
Nianting Tong, Fuling Liu, Ting Zhang, Liangyu Wang, Zhanyu Zhou, Huimin Gong, Fuxiang Yuan
PURPOSE: To describe secondary pigment dispersion syndrome (PDS) and pigmentary glaucoma after secondary sulcus transscleral fixation of 1-piece hydrophobic acrylic foldable posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PC IOLs) in aphakic patients in a Chinese population. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Qingdao, China. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: This chart review included eyes that had secondary sulcus transscleral fixation of a 1-piece hydrophobic acrylic foldable PC IOL (Tecnis ZCB00) between March 2011 and March 2014...
May 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
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